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1.
Ann Surg Treat Res ; 99(5): 305-313, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33163460

RESUMO

Purpose: Given the long history of investigation into cancer and its relevance to the lymph node (LN), it would be meaningful to plot the trends of research on cancer-related LN. Methods: Queries such as "cancer," "lymph node," and "cancer and lymph node" were submitted to PubMed to collect articles on cancer and LN published between 1945 and 2017. The collected articles were then extracted by an automatic web crawler and examined through informetrics and linguistic analysis. Results: The number of articles related to cancer was 2,795,476 and 127,897 articles (4.6%) were found to be relevant to LN. With regard to cancer types, breast cancer was the most studied (37%), followed by gastric cancer (17%). With regard to the subjects in which the surgeon is interested, LN metastasis (57%) was found to be the topic most discussed, followed by LN dissection (22%) and sentinel LN (17%). Publications on LN metastasis gradually increased over time from 1988 to 2017 although those on sentinel LN and LN dissection have stagnated since the early 2000s. Conclusion: Although research on cancer was abundant, only a small portion was dedicated to investigating its relevance to LN. Western countries had led the research on cancer-related LN, but Asian countries began to participate as major players, expanding their contributions. While LN metastasis, one of the major cancer-related LN topics, showed a steady increase, those involved in oncologic surgery such as LN dissection and sentinel LN did not.

2.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(8): 4555-4561, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32721276

RESUMO

A yellowish-brown-coloured bacterium, designated strain JGD-17T, was isolated from a tidal flat of Janggu-do, Garorim bay, Taean-gun, Chungcheongbuk-do, Republic of Korea. Cells were Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, non-flagellated and long-rod-shaped. Growth was observed at 20-45 °C (optimum, 25-30 °C), at pH 6.0-10.0 (9.0) and with 1-5 % (w/v) NaCl (1-3 %). Results of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated that strain JGD-17T was closely related to Muricauda nanhaiensis SM1704T (96.1 %), Muricauda olearia CL-SS4T (95.0 %), Muricauda beolgyonensis BB-My12T (94.9 %), Muricauda marina H19-56T (94.7 %) and Muricauda indica 3PC125-7T (94.5 %). The ranges of values for the average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization analyses with related strains were 71.3-74.1 % and 16.9-18.2 %. The genomic DNA G+C content was 41.1 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis using the neighbour-joining method showed that strain JGD-17T formed a clade with Muricauda nanhaiensis SM1704T, Muricauda lutaonensis CC-HSB-11T, Muricauda lutea CSW06T and Muricauda pacifica SM027T. The major fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0 (26.9 %), iso-C15 : 1 G (19.5 %) and iso-C17 : 0 3-OH (12.7 %). The predominant respiratory quinone was menaquinone-6. The polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, an unidentified aminolipid, an unidentified phospholipid and two unidentified lipids. On the basis of phylogenetic, phenotypic and chemotaxonomic characteristics, strain JGD-17T represents a novel species within the genus Muricauda, for which the name Muricauda ochracea sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is JGD-17T (=KCTC 72732T=KACC 21486T=JCM 33817T).


Assuntos
Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , República da Coreia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30701238

RESUMO

Geobacillus stearothermophilus is the thermophile present in processing lines of powdered infant formula (PIF). We report the whole-genome sequences of G. stearothermophilus strains isolated from work-in-process products (sterilized and concentrated milk) of manufacturing plants. Understanding the genomic basis governing the metabolism of G. stearothermophilus can contribute to the safety management of PIF during its manufacture.

4.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 1737, 2018 01 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29379026

RESUMO

Here, we report a new concept of both the adhesive manner and material, named "adhesive leaf (AL)," based on the leaf of the plant Heteropanax fragrans. The treatment of the corona discharge on the leaf surface can cause the nano-/microdestruction of the leaf epidermis, resulting in an outward release of sap. The glucose-containing sap provided the AL with a unique ability to stick to various substrates such as steel, polypropylene, and glass. Moreover, we reveal that the AL adhesion strength depends on the AL size, as well as the corona-discharge intensity. Conventional adhesives, such as glue and bond, lose their adhesive property and leave dirty residues upon the removal of the attached material. Unlike the conventional methods, the AL is advantageous as it can be repeatedly attached and detached thoroughly until the sap liquid is exhausted; its adhesive ability is maintained for at least three weeks at room temperature. Our findings shed light on a new concept of a biodegradable adhesive material that is created by a simple surface treatment.


Assuntos
Adesivos/metabolismo , Araliaceae/metabolismo , Produtos Biológicos/metabolismo , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Adesivos/química , Produtos Biológicos/química
5.
Cell Stress Chaperones ; 23(2): 179-187, 2018 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29273967

RESUMO

The Manila clam Ruditapes philippinarum inhabits the intertidal zone and must therefore tolerate broad fluctuations in water temperature and salinity. Heat shock protein 60 (HSP60) is an evolutionarily conserved, multi-functional protein that plays a significant role in protecting organisms from harmful stress conditions. We cloned the R. philippinarum HSP60 (RpHSP60) gene and analyzed its transcriptional responses to thermal and low-salinity stresses. The complete sequence of RpHSP60 cDNA was 1777 nucleotides, containing a 1728-bp open reading frame encoding a polypeptide of 576-amino acids, with a calculated molecular mass of 61.25 kDa and predicted isoelectric point of 5.08. Comparisons of amino acid sequences and three-dimensional structures of HSP60 revealed that RpHSP60 was highly conserved in the signature HSP60-family domains. RpHSP60 mRNA was detected in all the tested tissues of R. philippinarum, with the highest expression levels in hemocytes. We measured RpHSP60 mRNA levels in the gills under thermal and low-salinity stresses using quantitative real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. Following the thermal challenge, RpHSP60 mRNA was significantly upregulated at 6 h, and then progressively downregulated under high-temperature stress (30 °C), while only slight fluctuations were observed under low-temperature stress (-1 °C). Under low-salinity (17 ppt) stress, RpHSP60 mRNA levels were significantly increased at 3, 72, and 96 h (P < 0.05). These results suggest that HSP60 of R. philippinarum may play important roles in responding to high-temperature and low-salinity stresses.


Assuntos
Bivalves/genética , Chaperonina 60/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Resposta ao Choque Térmico/genética , Pressão Osmótica , Animais , Chaperonina 60/química , Chaperonina 60/metabolismo , DNA Complementar/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Especificidade de Órgãos/genética , Filogenia , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Salinidade , Homologia de Sequência de Aminoácidos , Estresse Fisiológico/genética , Fatores de Tempo
6.
Biomed Res Int ; 2015: 854953, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26583141

RESUMO

Cardiac tissue is a syncytium of coupled cells with pronounced intrinsic discrete nature. Previous models of cardiac electromechanics often ignore such discrete properties and treat cardiac tissue as a continuous medium, which has fundamental limitations. In the present study, we introduce a 2D electromechanical model for human atrial tissue based on the discrete element method (DEM). In the model, single-cell dynamics are governed by strongly coupling the electrophysiological model of Courtemanche et al. to the myofilament model of Rice et al. with two-way feedbacks. Each cell is treated as a viscoelastic body, which is physically represented by a clump of nine particles. Cell aggregations are arranged so that the anisotropic nature of cardiac tissue due to fibre orientations can be modelled. Each cell is electrically coupled to neighbouring cells, allowing excitation waves to propagate through the tissue. Cell-to-cell mechanical interactions are modelled using a linear contact bond model in DEM. By coupling cardiac electrophysiology with mechanics via the intracellular Ca(2+) concentration, the DEM model successfully simulates the conduction of cardiac electrical waves and the tissue's corresponding mechanical contractions. The developed DEM model is numerically stable and provides a powerful method for studying the electromechanical coupling problem in the heart.


Assuntos
Função Atrial/fisiologia , Átrios do Coração , Modelos Cardiovasculares , Contração Miocárdica/fisiologia , Potenciais de Ação , Fenômenos Eletrofisiológicos , Humanos , Miócitos Cardíacos/fisiologia , Miofibrilas/fisiologia
7.
J Craniofac Surg ; 25(5): e485-8, 2014 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25098583

RESUMO

Orthodontic traction of impacted teeth has typically been performed using full fixed appliance as anchorage against the traction force. This conventional approach can be difficult to apply in the mixed dentition if the partial fixed appliance offers an insufficient anchor unit. In addition, full fixed appliance can induce unwanted movement of adjacent teeth. This clinical report presents 3 cases where impacted teeth were recovered in the mixed or transitional dentition with skeletal anchorage on the opposite arch without full fixed appliance. Instead, intermaxillary traction was used to bring the impacted teeth into position. With this approach, side effects on teeth and periodontal tissues adjacent to the impaction were minimized.


Assuntos
Placas Ósseas , Procedimentos de Ancoragem Ortodôntica/instrumentação , Desenho de Aparelho Ortodôntico , Extrusão Ortodôntica/instrumentação , Dente Impactado/terapia , Criança , Dentição Mista , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incisivo/patologia , Masculino , Miniaturização , Dente Molar/patologia
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