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1.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(37): 3024-3028, 2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34638195

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the hippocampal volume and local surface morphology changes in patients with mesial temporal lobe (mTLE) using the voxel-based morphometry and spherical harmonic methods respectively. Methods: A total of 66 patients (31 males and 35 females, age range from 17 to 48 (28±8) years) with mTLE and 80 age-and gender-matched controls (38 males and 42 females, age range from 19 to 46 (27±7) years) were retrospectively collected from July 2009 to February 2019 at Jinling hospital.. High resolution structural MRI of the whole brain, three-dimensional T1-weighted data(3DT1) were acquired from each subject. The changes of hippocampal volume and surface morphology were evaluated between mTLE groups and controls for observing the hippocampal atrophy pattern by using voxel-based morphometry and spherical harmonic shape descriptions point distribution model respectively. Pearson correlation analysis was conducted for observing the relationship between the morphological changes of hippocampus and disease duration. Results: Compared with the controls, hippocampal volume on the affected side in patients with mTLE was significantly reduced (Z-score:-1.55±0.57 vs 0.38±0.58, P<0.001) and negatively correlated with disease duration (r=-0.297, P=0.016). Furthermore, surface morphology analysis subtly showed that the atrophy of the affected hippocampus in patients with mTLE mainly located in the head, mesial lateral part and posterior tail of the hippocampus. Their displacement values were negatively correlated with disease duration (r=-0.336, P=0.006) and positively associated with the hippocampal grey matter volume (r=0.336, P=0.006). Conclusions: Voxel-based morphometry analysis reveals a global reduction in hippocampal volume, while the morphological measurement method based on surface shape can describe the local morphological changes of hippocampal atrophy.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34547120

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As a promising technology, photoacoustic microscopy (PAM) plays a critical role in diagnosis and assessment of dermatological conditions by providing subtle vascular networks non-invasively. However, the established PAMs are insufficient for clinical dermatology when faced with complex structures of human skin instead of animal models owing to high melanin content and superimposed vasculature for Asians, which cannot balance the spatial resolution and the imaging depth. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the ability of bifocal 532/1064-nm alternately illuminated photoacoustic microscopy (BF-PAM) to non-invasively reveal the morphological structure of human skin for improving the diagnosis and therapeutic efficacy of skin diseases. METHODS: A BF-PAM was developed to capture biopsy-like information of human skin from epidermis to hypodermis. The optical foci of the two excitation beams are staggered in the axial direction to form an extended depth-of-field, which can maintain the lateral resolution and the contrast of PA image. RESULTS: The imaging capability of the BF-PAM was demonstrated by depicting the vascular morphology of multilayered skin with imaging depth of ˜3 mm. Furtherly, vascular malformations in port-wine stains skin were quantitatively assessed without the need for any contrast agent, and the distribution, depth and diameter of the ectatic vessels can determine an optimal treatment protocol for port-wine stains lesions. CONCLUSIONS: The quantitative vascular morphology in the dermis can be used to accurately assess vascular characteristics, in which case it enables clinicians to determine optimum treatment parameters in individual patients. As a non-invasive imaging technique, BF-PAM holds great potential to provide objective assessment to enhance the therapeutic efficacy. ETHICAL STATEMENT: The study was conducted in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki (as revised in 2013). The study was approved by the Chinese Ethics Committee of Registering Clinical Trials (ChiECRCT20200184) and registered with Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (ChiCTR2000034400). Before skin imaging, written informed consent was taken from all individual participants.

4.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 41(8): 1250-1259, 2021 Aug 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34549718

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We propose an hard exudate(EX)segmentation algorithm based on regional classification-guided wavelet Y-Net network to eliminate the influence of optic disc on EX segmentation process. METHODS: The wavelet Y-Net network was an end-to-end fundus image EX segmentation network, which combined the regional detection of optic disc and hard exudates segmentation by regional classification-guided EX segmentation to effectively reduce the interference of optic disc in EX segmentation.To avoid failure of small EX region segmentation caused by information loss due to down-sampling operation, discrete wavelet transform (DWT) and inverse discrete wavelet transform (IDWT) were introduced to replace the traditional pooling down-sampling and up-sampling operations.Meanwhile, the inception module based on residual connection was used to obtain the multi-scale features.The proposed algorithm was trained and tested on the IDRiD and e-ophtha EX datasets and evaluated at the pixel level. RESULTS: For IDRiD and e-ophtha EX datasets, the proposed algorithm achieved accuracy rates of 0.9858 and 0.9938 with AUC values of 0.9880 and 0.9986, respectively. CONCLUSION: The proposed method can effectively avoid the influence of the optic disc, retain the image details, and improve the effect of EX segmentation.


Assuntos
Exsudatos e Transudatos , Disco Óptico , Algoritmos , Exsudatos e Transudatos/diagnóstico por imagem , Fundo de Olho , Disco Óptico/diagnóstico por imagem
5.
Dent Mater ; 2021 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34565582

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare the wear behavior of a microhybrid composite vs. a nanocomposite in patients suffering from severe tooth wear. METHODS: A convenience sample of 16 severe tooth wear patients from the Radboud Tooth Wear Project was included. Eight of them were treated with a microhybrid composite (Clearfil APX, Kuraray) and the other eight with a nanocomposite (Filtek Supreme XTE, 3M). The Direct Shaping by Occlusion (DSO) technique was used for all patients. Clinical records were collected after 1 month (baseline) as well as 1, 3 and 5 years post-treatment. The maximum height loss at specific areas per tooth was measured with Geomagic Qualify software. Intra-observer reliability was tested with paired t-tests, while multilevel logistic regression analyses were used to compare odds ratios (OR) of "large amount of wear". RESULTS: Intra-observer reliability tests confirmed that two repeated measurements agreed well (p > 0.136). For anterior mandibular teeth, Filtek Supreme showed significantly less wear than Clearfil APX; in maxillary anterior teeth, Clearfil APX showed significantly less wear (OR material = 0.28, OR jaw position = 0.079, p < 0.001). For premolar and molar teeth, Filtek Supreme showed less wear in bearing cusps, whereas Clearfil APX showed less wear in non-bearing cusps (premolar: OR material = 0.42, OR bearing condition = 0.18, p = 0.001; molar: OR material = 0.50, OR bearing condition = 0.14, p < 0.001). SIGNIFICANCE: Nanocomposite restorations showed significantly less wear at bearing cusps, whereas microhybrid composite restorations showed less wear at non-bearing cusps and anterior maxillary teeth.

6.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 43(9): 959-967, 2021 Sep 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34530580

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the ability of superb-microvascular imaging (SMI) to detect microvascular characteristics of focal liver lesions (FLLs) and analyze the relationship between vascular index (VI) and microvascular density (MVD) and Ki-67 levels. Methods: The imaging data of patients diagnosed as FLLs at Tianjin Medical University Cancer Hospital in 2018 were collected. A total of 166 FLLs patients were divided into non-hepatocellular liver cancer (non-HCC group, 96) and HCC group (70), respectively. The whole group of patients were subjected to color Doppler blood flow imaging (CDFI) and SMI examination. The patient's Adler's semi-quantitative grading (0 to 3 levels) and vascular morphological characteristics (a-f type) were analyzed. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the detection ability of HCC with SMI and CDFI blood flow characteristics, The Pearson correlation analysis was used to evaluate the correlation between HCC patients VI and MVD and the Spearman correlation analysis was used to evaluate the correlation between VI and Ki-67. Results: In HCC group, SMI detected 50 cases of high-level blood flow (Adler's semi-quantitative grade 2 to 3) patients, higher than 22 cases of CDFI (P=0.033). In HCC group, SMI detected 52 cases of blood-rich mode (e, f type), higher than 18 cases of CDFI (P<0.001). In non-HCC group, the difference of blood flow characteristics detection between CDFI and SMI was not statistically significant. In HCC group, SMI detected 52 cases of rich blood supply patterns, which was higher than 14 cases of non-HCC group (P<0.001). The area under the ROC curve of SMI was 0.760 (sensitivity was 74.3%, specificity was 85.4%), and the SMI rich blood supply mode had the best diagnostic effect on HCC based on the blood-rich mode as the HCC diagnostic standard. In HCC group, VI was positively correlated with MVD and Ki-67 (r=0.698 and r=0.669, respectively, P<0.05). Conclusions: SMI has better detection ability than CDFI for HCC microvascular characteristics, HCC has more blood-rich mode than non-HCC. In HCC, VI is positively correlated with MVD and Ki-67 expression levels.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico por imagem , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Microvasos/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia
7.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 50(9): 1039-1044, 2021 Sep 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34496496

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features and differential diagnosis of metastatic tumors in the lung. Methods: The clinicopathological data of 226 metastatic tumors in the lung were collected at Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Science & Peking Union Medical College, from January 2014 to December 2018, and the pathomorphological characteristics were analyzed. Results: There were 84 males and 142 females, with an age range from 13 to 77 years. There were 122 patients with multiple pulmonary nodules and 104 patients with solitary pulmonary nodule. The tumors of the highest frequencies were colorectal cancer (n=59), followed by trophoblast tumor (n=44), kidney cancer (n=31), breast cancer (n=20), cervix cancer (n=14), and urinary urothelium cancer (n=8). The time from the diagnosis of primary tumors to metastasis and the status of surgical treatment varied by tumor origin. The morphology of metastatic lung tumors overlapped with that of the primary tumors to some extent. The relative specific morphological characteristics and the presence of carcinoma in situ surrounding the tumors should be carefully searched for to confirm the tumor origin. The metastatic tumors of the lung had morphological characteristics, immunohistochemical TTF1 (-) and tumor of various sources, while the primary tumor differentiation had relatively specific antibodies: colorectal cancer CK20 (+), CDX2 (+), CK7 (-); malignant trophoblastic tumor, HCG (+); renal clear cell carcinoma CD10 (+), vimentin (+), CK7 (-); breast cancer, GATA3 and ER (+); cervical cancer, p16 (+); urothelial carcinoma, CK20, p63 and GATA3 (+). Conclusions: There is overlap between pulmonary metastatic tumor and primary tumor in morphology. Therefore, the diagnosis should be made by combining clinical history, pathological morphology and immunophenotypic characteristics.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células de Transição , Neoplasias Renais , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Pulmão , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
8.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 44(9): 800-805, 2021 Sep 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34496521

RESUMO

Objective: To retrospectively analyze the high risk factors of death in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and to explore the influence of aspiration on the long-term survival rate of COPD patients. Methods: A retrospective analysis of clinical data of inpatients, who were admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University from April 2012 to December 2013 due to COPD exacerbations and had radionuclide aspiration test, was conducted. Meanwhile, we phoned the patients' family members, whose phone numbers were recorded in the electronic patient record system, to follow up the patients' survival status, and learn the causes of death from their death records if patients died during follow-up period. Inquired the resident administration patients belonging to according to their original address to get patient's current contact information if changed. Besides, if family members of patients failed to provide death record, we should look up information concerned from the medical records room of the hospital where they died. Results: The follow-up for the last patient was performed on February 20, 2017.The time span of this study is 58 months, starting from the radionuclide aspiration test for the first patient and ending with the follow-up for the last patient. 16 of the 53 patients(16/53, 30.2%)were tested positive whose average age was slightly higher than patients without aspiration (76.0±6.8 vs 70.9±9.9), but there was no significant difference between them(P=0.064). The aspiration rates among patients over and under the age of seventy were 14/35 and 2/18 respectively, and there was a significant difference between them(P = 0.03). Compared to the aspiration-negative patients, the aspiration-positive patients had higher incidence rate of pneumonia in COPD exacerbations (11/16 vs 9/37, χ²= 9.383, P = 0.002).The major cause of death in the patients with and without aspiration were respectively severe pneumonia and pulmonary encephalopathy(P<0.05 in both cases).Among COPD patients who took radionuclide aspiration test, the median survival time of the patients with and without aspiration were about 3 and 5 years respectively. The high-risk factors influencing long-term survival of the COPD patients with aspiration included ICU-involved medical history and accompanying pneumonia. Conclusions: The incidence rate of aspiration is relatively high in COPD patients over 70 years old. Compared to COPD patients without aspiration, COPD patients with aspiration have higher incidence rate of pneumonia and shorter median survival time. ICU-involved medical history and severe pneumonia are the two high-risk factors influencing long-term survival of COPD patients with aspiration.To improve the survival time of COPD patients with aspiration, we need to attach importance to the prevention and treatment of aspiration.


Assuntos
Pneumonia , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Idoso , Progressão da Doença , Humanos , Pacientes Internados , Pulmão , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 53(4): 640-646, 2021 Aug 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34393221

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinicopathological features and prognosis of fumarate hydratase deficient renal cell carcinoma (FH-RCC). METHODS: Immunohistochemical (IHC) staining was used to detect the expression of fumarate hydratase (FH) in tumor tissues of 109 different types of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) patients aged 60 years and younger from the Department of Urology of Peking University First Hospital from January 2013 to December 2019. The clinicopathological data and prognosis of FH-RCC were collected and analyzed. RESULTS: There were eleven patients with FH-negative expression. Seven were males and four females. The age of onset ranged 16-53 years (mean age: 36.7 years), and four female patients all had a history of uterine leiomyoma. Only one first-degree relative of one patient had renal cancer, and none of the patients had a history or family history of cutaneous leiomyomas. The diameter of the tumor was 2.1-12.0 cm (mean: 8.83 cm). Renal sinus or perirenal fat invasion was seen in nine cases, tumor thrombus in renal vein or inferior vena cava in six cases, lymph node metastasis in seven cases, adrenal gland invasion in four cases and splenic capsule invasion in one case. The cases were initially diagnosed as type Ⅱ papillary RCC (7/49, 14.3%), collecting duct carcinoma (2/9, 22.2%) and unclassified RCC (2/51, 3.9%). Tumor histopathology mostly showed a mixture of different structures, such as papillary, tubular cystic, solid, and so on. The most common histological structures were papillary (9/11, 81.8%) and tubular (8/11, 72.7%). Three cases had sarcomatoid areas. At least focal eosinophilic nucleolus (WHO/grades Ⅲ-Ⅳ) and perinuclear halo could be seen in all cases. Immunohistochemical (IHC) stains of most tumors were negative for CA9, CD10 and CK7. The results of fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) showed that there was no translocation or amplification of TFE3 gene in two cases with TFE3 IHC expression. All the patients were followed up for 11-82 months. Mean survival was 24 months. Five cases died of distant metastasis 9-31 months after operation (mean: 19 months), and five of the six patients alive had became metastatic. CONCLUSION: Morphologically, FH-RCC overlaps with many types cell RCC. A mixture of papillary and tubular cystic arrangement is the most common growth pattern of FH-RCC. At least focally large and obvious eosinophilic nucleoli are an important histological feature of this tumor. The negative expression of FH can help to confirm the diagnosis. Young female RCC patients with uterine leiomyomas should be suspected of FH-RCC. Some FH-RCC cases lack clinical evidence. The suspicion raised by pathologists based on histological characteristics is often the key step to further genetic testing and the final diagnosis of the tumor.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais , Neoplasias Renais , Adolescente , Adulto , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Carcinoma de Células Renais/genética , Feminino , Fumarato Hidratase/genética , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Neoplasias Renais/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Adulto Jovem
10.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 53(4): 811-813, 2021 Aug 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34393251

RESUMO

With the continuous development of kidney transplantation technique, the survival time after kidney transplantation is gradually prolonged. Thus, the malignant tumor has been the important influencing factor on the long-term survival for kidney transplantation patients. Renal cell carcinoma is a relatively common tumor after kidney transplantation. Besides, clear cell renal cell carcinoma and papillary renal cell carcinoma are the relatively common pathological types for renal cell carcinoma following kidney transplantation. However, bilateral renal cell carcinoma following kidney transplantation is comparatively rare. In this article, we presented a case of bilateral papillary renal cell carcinoma, which occurred after kidney transplantation. And the diagnosis and treatment were introduced in detail. The patient was 37 years old, and he underwent kidney transplantation 13 years ago in our hospital, because of kidney failure. After kidney transplantation, he had regular medical check-up every year. In this year, his urological ultrasound results indicated bilateral renal tumors. And then, he received abdominal and pelvic computed tomography, and the result also showed bilateral renal tumors, which were likely to be malignant tumors. After adequate consultation, the patient chose surgical treatment. The patient received long-term immunosuppressive therapy, because of kidney transplantation. Considering this, the surgeon decided to choose a staging surgical treatment, in order to reduce the bad influence of one-stage surgery. Then, the patient first underwent retroperitoneal laparoscopic radical nephrectomy for right renal tumor in our hospital, and he had no complications after operation. The pathological results showed papillary renal cell carcinoma. He was discharged successfully. He underwent retroperitoneal laparoscopic radical nephrectomy for left renal tumor in our hospital one month later, and he had no complications after operation. The pathological results also showed papillary renal cell carcinoma. He was discharged successfully two days after surgery. In the 3-month follow-up, the patient was recovering well. To sum up, the incidence of bilateral renal cell carcinoma following kidney transplantation is relatively rare, and bilateral radical nephrectomy is effective and safe treatment. Above all, it is the patient's condition that determines the choice of staging surgery or simultaneous surgery.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais , Neoplasias Renais , Transplante de Rim , Adulto , Carcinoma de Células Renais/etiologia , Carcinoma de Células Renais/cirurgia , Humanos , Rim , Neoplasias Renais/etiologia , Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Transplante de Rim/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Nefrectomia
11.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 49(8): 796-801, 2021 Aug 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34404189

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the efficiency of left cardiac sympathetic denervation (LCSD) in inherited arrhythmia patients with adrenergic activity-induced malignant ventricular arrhythmia, and observe exercise-stress test features before and after LCSD. Methods: This retrospective observational study included catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia(CPVT) and long QT syndromes(LQTS) patients who underwent video-assisted LCSD at Beijing Tsinghua Changgung Hospital and Peking University People's Hospital from September 2006 to May 2020. The indications for LCSD surgery were intolerant or refractory to beta-blocker medication. Clinical and exercise-stress tests data of included patients were collected before and 1 month after LCSD. Heart rate, exercise tolerance, atrial and ventricular arrhythmia, QTc interval and predictors for sudden cardiac death were analyzed. Patents were regularly followed up at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months after LCSD and then once every year thereafter. Cardiac events and medication adjustment records were collected. Results: Five patients (2 CPVT, 1 LQT1, and 2 LQT2)were included in the study. All patients experienced syncope as first symptom at the median age of 12(10, 16)years, and underwent LCSD at the median age of 21(16, 26)years, Baseline heart rate was similar before and after LCSD ((65.6±6.5) beats/min vs. (68.0±11.1) beats/min, P=0.57); while maximum workload tended to be lower after LCSD ((12.1±2.8) metabolic equivalents (METS) before surgery vs. (10.5±2.4) METS after surgery, P=0.07). Incidence of atrial and ventricular arrhythmia were significantly reduced post LCSD, and the ventricular arrhythmia score was decreased after LCSD in CPVT patients (4 points before LCSD vs. 3 points after LCSD in case 1;5 points before LCSD vs. 3 points after LCSD in case 2). QTc interval was shortened significantly in three LQTs patients (QTc interval at baseline heart rate: (546.6±72.3) ms before surgery vs. (493±61.1) ms after LCSD, P=0.047; QTc interval at maximal exercise heart rate: (516.3±73.7) ms before surgery vs. (486.7±64.2)ms after LCSD, P=0.035). Additionally, sudden cardiac death risk indicator ΔHRR1 (heart rate decreasing value within the first 1 min during recovery phase) decreased from (51.5±21.1) beats/min before surgery to (32.0±13.9) beats/min after surgery (P=0.035). During a median follow-up of 1(1, 4) year, all five patients were on low dosage of propranolol (37.0±21.7) mg/d. Cardiac events free survival was achieved in four out of 5 patients (80%) after sympathectomy, while 1 case suffered from sudden cardiac death after emotional stress. Conclusion: LCSD surgery can be safely and effectively performed in most hereditary arrhythmia patients with adrenergic activity-induced life-threatening cardiac events. Exercise stress test results show that LCSD could reduce malignant arrhythmias and improve sudden cardiac death risk indicators without decreasing heart rate.

12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34218573

RESUMO

Under the new situation of professionalization reform for fire rescue forces in China, the research on post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) of the emergency rescue personnel is expected to usher in a new stage. Based on some theoretical researches and practical results of domestic and foreign literature, this paper summarized the research results of the social and psychological factors of PTSD of emergency rescue personnel, and made suggestions and prospects for the future research and policy-making in related fields in China.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , China , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Humanos , Ocupações
13.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 33(3): 225-233, 2021 Jun 22.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34286522

RESUMO

This report presented the endemic status of schistosomiasis in the People's Republic of China at a national level in 2020, and analyzed the data collected from the national schistosomiasis prevention and control system and national schistosomiasis surveillance sites. Among the 12 provinces (municipality and autonomous region) endemic for schistosomiasis in China, Shanghai Municipality, Zhejiang Province, Fujian Province, Guangdong Province and Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region continued to consolidate the achievements of schistosomiasis elimination, and Sichuan and Jiangsu provinces maintained the criteria of transmission interruption, while Yunnan, Hubei, Anhui, Jiangxi and Hunan provinces maintained the criteria of transmission control by the end of 2020. A total of 450 counties (cites, districts) were found to be endemic for schistosomiasis in China, with 28 376 endemic villages covering 71 370 400 people at risk of infections. Among the 450 endemic counties (cities, districts), 74.89% (337/450), 21.87% (98/450) and 3.33% (15/450) achieved the criteria of elimination, transmission interruption and transmission control of schistosomiasis, respectively. By the end of 2020, 29 517 cases with advanced schistosomiasis were documented in China. In 2020, 11 117 655 individuals received inquiry examinations and 1 798 580 were positive; 5 263 082 individuals received serological tests and 83 179 were sero-positive. A total of 273 712 individuals received stool examinations and 3 were positive, including one case of acute schistosomiasis. In 2020, snail survey was performed in 19 733 endemic villages in China and Oncomelania snails were found in 7 309 villages, accounting for 37.04% of all surveyed villages, with 15 villages identified with emerging snail habitats. Snail survey covered an area of 736 984.13 hm2 and 206 125.22 hm2 snail habitats were found, including 1 174.67 hm2 emerging snail habitats and 1.96 hm2 habitats with infected snails. In 2020, 544 424 bovines were raised in the schistosomiasis-endemic areas of China, and 147 887 received serological examinations, with 326 positives detected, while 130 673 bovines received stool examinations, with no positives identified. In 2020, there were 19 214 patients with schistosomiasis receiving praziquantel chemotherapy, and 964 103 person-time individuals and 266 280 herd-time bovines were given expanded chemotherapy. In 2020, molluscicide treatment was performed in 136 141.92 hm2 snail habitats, and the actual area of chemical treatment was 71 980.22 hm2, while environmental improvements were performed in snail habitats covering an area of 1 464.03 hm2. Data from the national schistosomiasis surveillance sites of China showed that the mean prevalence of Schistosoma japonicum infections were both zero in humans and bovines in 2020, and no S. japonicum infection was detected in snails. The results demonstrate that the overall endemic status of schistosomiasis remains at a low level in China and the goal of the National Thirteenth Five-Year Plan for Schistosomiasis Control was achieved as scheduled; however, the endemic situation of schistosomiasis rebounded in local areas. Precision schistosomiasis control and intensified monitoring of the endemic situation and transmission risk of schistosomiasis are required to be performed to facilitate the progress towards elimination of schistosomiasis steadily.


Assuntos
Moluscocidas , Esquistossomose Japônica , Esquistossomose , Animais , Bovinos , China/epidemiologia , Cidades , Doenças Endêmicas , Humanos , Esquistossomose/epidemiologia , Esquistossomose/prevenção & controle , Esquistossomose Japônica/epidemiologia , Caramujos
14.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 33(3): 234-239, 2021 Jul 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34286523

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the epidemiological characteristics of current advanced schistosomiasis cases in China, so as to provide the scientific evidence for the precision management and medical care of advanced schistosomiasis. METHODS: The baseline data pertaining to the current advanced schistosomiasis cases in China were collected from the Epidemiological Dynamic Data Collection Platform (EDDC) operated by the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention. The demographic characteristics, population and regional distribution and medical care of advanced schistosomiasis cases were analyzed with a descriptive method. RESULTS: A total of 31 889 cases with advanced schistosomiasis were reported in China by the end of June, 2019, and these cases were mainly identified in Hubei Province (7 737 cases) followed by in Jiangxi Province (7 256 cases), Hunan Province (5 615 cases), Anhui Province (5 236 cases) and Jiangsu Province (2 908 cases), accounting for 90.2% (28 752/31 889) of total cases in China. The current advanced schistosomiasis cases had a male/female ratio of 1.5∶1, and a mean age of (67.0 ± 11.2) years, with 92.6% (29 521/31 889) detected in individuals at ages of over 50 years. There were 97.6% (31 109/31 889) of the cases with an educational level of junior high school and lower, and 95.2% (30 359/31 889) with an occupation of farmers. Ascites (72.6%, 23 164/31 889) and splenomegaly types (26.3%, 8 386/31 889) were predominant in current advanced schistosomiasis cases in China, and there was a significant difference in the constituent ratio of disease types among current advanced schistosomiasis cases with different age groups (χ2 = 362.31, P < 0.01), with the ascites type as the predominant type of advanced schistosomiasis. Among the current advanced schistosomiasis cases, 88.9% (28 358/31 889) and 18.7% (5 973/31 889) had received medical treatment and surgical treatment, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The current advanced schistosomiasis cases are predominantly reported in five marshland and lake endemic provinces of China where schistosomiasis is not eliminated, and are mostly categorized as the ascites and megalosplenia types, with minor differences seen in gender and disease-type distributions. Precision medical care should be reinforced according to the epidemiological features of the current advanced schistosomiasis cases, and early screening and standard management and follow-up is required.


Assuntos
Esquistossomose , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Coleta de Dados , Feminino , Humanos , Lagos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Esquistossomose/epidemiologia , Esplenomegalia
15.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 59(8): 691-696, 2021 Aug 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34192863

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the efficacy and safety of different stents assisted embolization in the treatment of subarachnoid hemorrhage(SAH) caused by V4 dissecting aneurysm of vertebral artery. Methods: The clinical data of 39 patients with spontaneous SAH V4 dissecting aneurysm treated at the Department of Neurosurgery, the Northern Theater General Hospital from January 2016 to June 2019 were analyzed retrospectively.There were 21 males and 18 females, aged (48±17) years(range:35 to 68 years).There were 24 cases of HUNT-HESS grade Ⅰ and 15 cases of grade Ⅱ.Among them, 20 cases were treated with single stent-assisted embolization, 9 cases with multi-stent-assisted embolization, 9 cases with semi-dense mesh-assisted embolization, and 1 case with dense-mesh stent-assisted embolization.The perioperative and postoperative complications, postoperative recurrence were collected. Results: Intraoperative complications included 2 cases of aneurysm rupture and 2 cases of acute thrombosis.All aneurysms were densely packed according to the angiography performed immediately after operation.Postoperative complications included 3 cases of long-term responsible vascular ischemia(modified Rankin score<2). The patients were followed up for 15.1 months(range: 12 to 29 months). At the last follow-up, aneurysms recurrence occured in 10 cases, the recurrence rate was 25.6%(10/39). There were 6 cases of recurrence and 2 cases of complications in 20 cases with single stent-assisted embolization, 3 cases of recurrence and 4 cases of complications in 9 cases with multi-stent-assisted embolization, 1 case of recurrence and 1 case of complications in 9 cases with semi-dense mesh stent. Conclusion: Endovascular treatment is feasible for patients with vertebral artery dissecting aneurysm, and the appropriate surgical method should be selected according to the vascular structure and the location of the aneurysm.

17.
Osteoarthritis Cartilage ; 29(9): 1282-1290, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33975017

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) and 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] have been demonstrated to be associated with pathogenesis and progression of osteoarthritis (OA). This study aimed to determine the potential causal relationship between serum PTH and 25(OH)D levels and risk of OA. DESIGN: We applied the two-sample Mendelian randomization (MR) approach to estimate the causal roles of serum PTH and 25(OH)D on OA. The instrumental variables for serum PTH and 25(OH)D were derived from two large genome-wide association studies (GWAS), which included 29,155 and 79,366 individuals, respectively. Summary-level data for overall, hip and knee OA were extracted from a GWAS meta-analysis, including 455,221 individuals. All participants included in this study were from the European population. RESULTS: An inverse association was observed between serum PTH levels and risk of OA (random-effects: Effect = 0.71; 95% CI: 0.54 to 0.92; fixed-effects: Effect = 0.71; 95% CI: 0.61 to 0.82). Stratified by site, serum PTH levels were found to be inversely associated with knee OA (random-effects: Effect = 0.53; 95% CI: 0.41 to 0.68; fixed-effects: Effect = 0.53; 95% CI: 0.41 to 0.68). However, there was no evidence of the causal effect of serum 25(OH)D levels on OA. CONCLUSIONS: The present study indicates an inverse causal relationship between serum PTH concentrations and development of OA. Moreover, a site-specific association was also observed between serum PTH levels and knee OA. The potential mechanisms by which serum PTH affects OA need to be further investigated.

18.
Physiol Res ; 70(3): 327-343, 2021 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33982583

RESUMO

Acute and chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis, and other liver diseases pose a serious threat to human health; however, liver transplantation is the only reliable treatment for the terminal stage of liver diseases. Previous researchers have shown that mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are characterized by differentiation and paracrine effects, as well as anti-oxidative stress and immune regulation functions. When MSCs are transplanted into animals, they migrate to the injured liver tissue along with the circulation, to protect the liver and alleviate the injury through the paracrine, immune regulation and other characteristics, making mesenchymal stem cell transplantation a promising alternative therapy for liver diseases. Although the efficacy of MSCs transplantation has been confirmed in various animal models of liver injury, many researchers have also proposed various pretreatment methods to improve the efficacy of mesenchymal stem cell transplantation, but there is still lack a set of scientific methods system aimed at improving the efficacy of transplantation therapy in scientific research and clinical practice. In this review, we summarize the possible mechanisms of MSCs therapy and compare the existing methods of MSCs modification corresponding to the treatment mechanism, hoping to provide as a reference to help future researchers explore a safe and simple transplantation strategy.

19.
Hum Exp Toxicol ; : 9603271211014596, 2021 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33938317

RESUMO

Pleckstrin homology-like domain, family A, member 1 (PHLDA1) is a multifunctional protein that plays a role in diverse pathological conditions. However, whether PHLDA1 participates in cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury has not been reported. The goals of the present work were to assess the possible relationship between PHLDA1 and cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury. Hippocampal neurons were subjected to oxygen-glucose deprivation/reoxygenation (OGD/R) to simulate cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury in vitro, which led to significant increases in the expression of PHLDA1. Cellular functional studies showed that the knockdown of PHLDA1 produced a protective role in OGD/R-injured neurons via the down-regulation of neuronal apoptosis, oxidative stress and proinflammatory cytokine release. On the contrary, the overexpression of PHLDA1 rendered neurons more vulnerable to OGD/R injury. In-depth research revealed that the inhibition of PHLDA1 resulted in the enhancement of nuclear factor erythroid 2 like 2 (Nrf2) signaling in OGD/R-injured neurons. The reactivation of glycogen synthase kinase 3ß (GSK-3ß) abolished the PHLDA1-inhibition-mediated activation of Nrf2 signaling. Moreover, the restraint of Nrf2 signaling diminished the PHLDA1-knockdown-induced neuroprotective effects in OGD/R-injured neurons. In summary, the data of our work show that the loss of PHLDA1 protects against OGD/R injury via potentiating Nrf2 signaling via the regulation of GSK-3ß. This work underscores a potential role of PHLDA1 in cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury and proposes PHLDA1 as an attractive target for the development of neuroprotective therapy.

20.
J Appl Microbiol ; 2021 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33905586

RESUMO

AIMS: To effectively use woody plant resources to prepare silage for ruminants, Pacific Biosciences (PacBio) single-molecule real-time (SMRT) sequencing was applied to study the microbial network and fermentation characteristics of paper mulberry (PM) silage prepared with corn meal (CM) and rice bran (RB) as exogenous additives. METHODS AND RESULTS: PM is rich in nutrients and contains more than 26% crude protein in dry matter. After ensiling, the microbial diversity and abundance in PM, CM and RB decreased due to the anaerobic environment and acidic conditions. The CM-treated PM silage accelerated the conversion of the dominant microbial community from harmful bacteria to lactic acid bacteria and promoted lactic acid fermentation. When RB was used to treat PM silage, Enterobacter and Clostridium species became the main bacterial community during ensiling, leading to butyric acid fermentation and protein decomposition. Compared with RB, CM increased the amount of fermentation substrates, changed the microbial community structure and affected metabolic pathways (global metabolism, carbohydrate metabolism and amino acid metabolism), which improved the flavour and quality of the PM silage. CONCLUSIONS: The CM addition of improved the fermentation quality of PM silage, with PM + CM being the ideal combination. The SMRT sequencing technology could accurately obtain specific details of the microbial networks and fermentation characteristics. Our results indicate that PM can be used as a potential high-protein silage in animal production. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: In tropics, the effective use of abundant natural biomass resources such as woody plants to prepare silage for feed preservation can solve the problem of restricting livestock production due to the shortage of feed in the dry season. SMRT sequencing technology was used to accurately analyze the microbial network and fermentation characteristics of woody silage prepared with CM as an exogenous additive to improve the fermentation quality of silage.

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