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1.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 148: 627-634, 2020 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31968214

RESUMO

Phase change materials (PCMs), widely used in thermal management filed, can store or release thermal energy during phase-changing processes, but the inherent low thermal conductivity and leakage problem restrict their practical applications. Herein, boron nitride nanosheets (BNNSs) doped cellulosic scaffolds (CS) were used as novel support materials to construct shape-stabilized PCM with enhanced thermal conductivity. The composite PCM exhibits excellent shape stability against pressure, tension and bending (90°) even at high loading of the solid-liquid PCM polyethylene glycol (PEG) (95.6 wt%). The resulting composite PCMs have enthalpy capacity (ΔHm/ΔHc) ranged from 165.3 J g-1/169.3 J g-1 to 169.1 J g-1/176.1 J g-1 with stable cycling reliability. Moreover, the thermal conductivity of the composite PCM could increase by 42.8% at a low loading of BNNSs (1.9 wt%), without affecting its electrical insulation properties (over 107 Ω cm). The thermally-conductive shape-stabilized PCM composite prepared by this feasible method have great potential in thermal management of electronics.

2.
World J Clin Cases ; 7(23): 4075-4083, 2019 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31832411

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) can involve extralymphatic organs, resulting in diverse clinical manifestations, especially if the endocrine organs are affected. This type of involvement can often be difficult to detect accurately. Until now, no patients with NHL and concomitant bilateral adrenal and hypothalamic involvement have been reported. The purpose of this article is to discuss the diagnosis and treatment of lymphoma with bilateral adrenal gland and hypothalamic involvement so as to help physicians avoid misdiagnosis and missed diagnosis. CASE SUMMARY: We describe a case of a 52-years-old male patient with bilateral adrenal masses, who presented with a fever of unknown origin on admission. Subsequently, hypopituitarism of the anterior pituitary followed by posterior pituitary developed. 18fluorine-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) showed lesions with a high metabolism in both adrenal glands, hypothalamus, left supraclavicular lymph nodes, and other organs. The etiological diagnosis was determined based on a left supraclavicular lymph node biopsy. The patient, who eventually present with panhypopituitarism, was finally diagnosed with diffuse large B cell lymphoma with bilateral adrenal gland and hypothalamic involvement. After immunochemotherapy, glucocorticoids administration and desmopressin acetate replacement therapy, the symptoms of fever and panhypopituitarism improved, and all the lesions reduced in size. CONCLUSION: This report demonstrates that, although synchronous involvement of two endocrine organs is rare in NHL, extra caution should be taken when dysfunction occurs in multiple endocrine organs.

3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(50): e18213, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31852078

RESUMO

We aimed to investigate the association between excess body mass index (BMI) and papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) in an operative population, and the impact of higher BMI on clinicopathological aggressiveness of PTC.Charts of 10,844 consecutive patients with thyroid nodules undergoing partial or total thyroidectomy between 1993 and 2015 were reviewed. Patients diagnosed with PTC were stratified in 4 groups: BMI < 18.5 (underweight), 18.5 ≤ BMI < 24 (normal-weight), 24 ≤ BMI < 28 (overweight) and BMI ≥ 28(obese). The impacts of high BMI on prevalence and clinicopathological parameters of PTC were retrospectively analyzed in both univariate and multivariate binary logistic regression analysis.For every 5-unit increase in body mass, the odds of risk-adjusted malignance increased by 36.6%. The individuals who were obese and overweight were associated with high risk of thyroid cancer [odds ratio (OR)= 1.982, P < .001; OR= 1.377, P < .001; respectively] compared to normal weight patients, and this positive association was found in both genders. Obesity was independent predictors for tumors larger than 1 cm (OR = 1.562, P < .001) and multifocality (OR = 1.616, P < .001). However, there was no difference in cervical lymph node (LN) metastasis among BMI groups. Crude analysis showed BMI was associated with advanced tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) stage (relative risk, approximately 1.23 per 5 BMI units, P < .001), but this association disappeared after adjusting for confounding factors.Obesity was significantly associated with the risk of PTC in a large, operative population. Higher BMI was significantly associated with larger tumor size and multifocal tumor.


Assuntos
Índice de Massa Corporal , Obesidade/complicações , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico , Tireoidectomia/métodos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/etiologia , Câncer Papilífero da Tireoide/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/etiologia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/cirurgia
4.
Pest Manag Sci ; 2019 Dec 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31858699

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rice stripe virus (RSV) is one of the most serious rice diseases in East Asia. The small brown planthopper (SBPH), Laodelphax striatellus, is an economically important rice pest. SBPH transmits RSV horizontally and vertically, resulting in serious rice economic losses. Exposure to sublethal doses of insecticides can induce many physiological and cellular changes in insects. However, the mechanism underlying triazophos-induced RSV vertical transmission remains unclear. Here, we investigated the role of vitellogenin (Vg) in triazophos-induced RSV vertical transmission. RESULTS: RSV vertical transmission rates were significantly induced by sublethal exposure to triazophos. The transcript abundance of viral RNA3 segment (RNA3) and capsid protein (CP) in the ovaries of SBPH were also significantly increased. Triazophos induced the expression level of Vg in L. striatellus (LsVg) and increased the contents of ovarian protein and fat body protein. Knockdown of Vg significantly reduced the expression levels of LsVg and Vg receptor (LsVgR), and decreased RSV accumulations in the ovaries. Double-stranded Vg (dsVg)-mediated down-regulation could be rescued by exposure to triazophos. Vertical transmission rate of the dsVg-injected group was significantly decreased compared with the dsGFP-injected group, and triazophos significantly rescued the RSV vertical transmission rate of the dsVg-injected group. CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that triazophos-induced RSV vertical transmission is associated with Vg. This work will help us to further elucidate sublethal doses of insecticides-mediated effects and develop new strategies for pest control. © 2019 Society of Chemical Industry.

6.
Horm Metab Res ; 51(11): 723-728, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31683342

RESUMO

Insulin autoimmune syndrome (IAS) and type B insulin resistance syndrome (B-IRS) are rare autoimmune dysglycemia syndromes, but their treatment and prognosis are different. This study aimed to provide a basis for the clinical differential diagnosis of IAS and B-IRS. This was a retrospective study of the medical records of all patients diagnosed with IAS or B-IRS between January 2006 and March 2018 at the Chinese PLA General Hospital. Demographic, clinical, biochemistry, treatment, and follow-up data were examined. There were several different biochemical parameters between IAS (n=13) and B-IRS (n=6): white blood count (WBC, 7.05±3.06 vs. 2.70±0.73×109/l, p=0.004), platelet (249±56.6 vs. 111±68.0×109/l, p<0.001), serum creatine (59.0±17.8 vs. 43.1±7.05 µmol/l, p=0.013), serum albumin (42.3±5.17 vs. 33.6±3.40 g/l, p=0.002), triglyceride (median, 1.33 (1.01, 1.93) vs. 0.56 (0.50, 0.79) mmol/l, p=0.002), plasma IgG (1183±201 vs. 1832±469 mg/ml, p=0.018), IgA (328±140 vs. 469±150 mg/ml, p=0.018), and C3 (128±23.4 vs. 45.3±13.5 mg/l, p<0.001). Fasting insulin in the IAS and B-IRS patients was high (299-4708 vs. 118-851 mU/l, p=0.106), and there was a difference in 2 h oral glucose tolerance test insulin (4217-8343 mU/l vs. 274-1143 mU/l, p=0.012). Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) in the B-IRS patients was higher than in IAS patients (114±14.4. vs. 40.6±8.89 mmol/mol, p<0.001). Serum insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) was lower in all B-IRS patients (25±0.00 vs. 132±52.7 ng/ml, p<0.001). Although IAS and B-IRS are autoimmune hyperinsulinemic dysglycemic syndromes, several clinical parameters (body mass index, HbA1c, WBC, platelet, albumin, triglyceride, IgG, C3, and IGF-1) are different between these two syndromes.

7.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 13(9): e0007757, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31545808

RESUMO

Seoul hantavirus (SEOV) has recently raised concern by causing geographic range expansion of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS). SEOV infections in humans are significantly underestimated worldwide and epidemic dynamics of SEOV-related HFRS are poorly understood because of a lack of field data and empirically validated models. Here, we use mathematical models to examine both intrinsic and extrinsic drivers of disease transmission from animal (the Norway rat) to humans in a SEOV-endemic area in China. We found that rat eradication schemes and vaccination campaigns, but below the local elimination threshold, could diminish the amplitude of the HFRS epidemic but did not modify its seasonality. Models demonstrate population dynamics of the rodent host were insensitive to climate variations in urban settings, while relative humidity had a negative effect on the seasonality in transmission. Our study contributes to a better understanding of the epidemiology of SEOV-related HFRS, demonstrates asynchronies between rodent population dynamics and transmission rate, and identifies potential drivers of the SEOV seasonality.


Assuntos
Febre Hemorrágica com Síndrome Renal/epidemiologia , Febre Hemorrágica com Síndrome Renal/transmissão , Animais , China/epidemiologia , Cidades , Clima , Febre Hemorrágica com Síndrome Renal/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Modelos Teóricos , Controle de Roedores , Roedores/virologia , Estações do Ano , Vírus Seoul , Vacinação
8.
Quant Imaging Med Surg ; 9(6): 1163-1175, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31367570

RESUMO

Patients with iatrogenic iliac arteriovenous fistulas (IAVFs) after lumbar discectomy surgeries (LDSs) from our hospital and the published literature were reviewed in order to better understand this clinical phenomenon. Literature from databases about iatrogenic IAVFs after LDSs were retrieved and a patient from our hospital was reviewed with emphasis placed upon the patient's clinical data. From 31 publications and studies of 44 individuals' data, the study revealed L4-L5 and/or L5-S1 intervertebral space levels were mostly involved (62.0%). Most of the patients underwent computed tomography angiography (CTA) and/or digital subtraction angiography (DSA) examinations to confirm the potential diagnosis and rule out other differential diagnosis (86.4%). Most of the patients (63.6%) developed features of high output heart failure months to years after the LDSs, and the majority of them (88.6%) were treated with endovascular repairs. An iatrogenic IAVF after an LDS is a rare occurrence; however, more attention should be paid to it for the purpose of obtaining accurate diagnosis and proper treatment.

9.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 33(6): 666-670, 2019 Jun 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31197990

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the effectiveness of proximal femoral nail antirotation (PFNA) assisted by mesh locator in treatment of intertrochanteric fracture in the elderly. Methods: Ninety-four elderly patients with intertrochanteric fractures admitted between August 2014 and July 2017 were selected as the study subjects. They were randomly divided into trial group (48 cases) and control group (46 cases). In trial group, PFNA was implanted assisted by mesh locator after closed reduction; while in control group, PFNA was implanted by conventional method. There was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of gender, age, cause of injury, time from injury to admission, fracture side and classification, and medical complications ( P>0.05). The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, fluoroscopy times, hospital stay, incision length, and complications were recorded. Visual analogue scale (VAS) was used to evaluate the degree of pain at 3 days after operation, and Harris score was used to evaluate hip function before operation and at 3, 6, and 9 months after operation. Results: Compared with control group, the operation time and incision length of trial group shortened, the blood loss and fluoroscopy times reduced, the pain after operation alleviated obviously; the differences between the two groups were significant ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in hospital stay between the two groups ( P>0.05). The patients in both groups were followed up 9-12 months, with an average of 10.6 months. X-ray films showed that the fractures healed in both groups, and the healing time in control group was (11.2±3.2) weeks, while that in trial group was (11.6±2.9) weeks, showing no significant difference between the two groups ( t=1.262, P=0.120). There was no significant difference in Harris score between the two groups before operation and at 3, 6, and 9 months after operation ( P>0.05). There was 1 case of incision infection, 2 cases of coxa vara, and 1 case of pressure ulcer in trial group, and the incidence of complications was 8.3%. There was 1 case of coxa vara, 2 cases of pressure ulcer, and 1 case of internal fixation loss in control group, and the incidence of complications was 8.7%. There was no significant difference in the incidence of complications between the two groups (χ 2=0.783, P=0.112). Conclusion: It is feasible to implant PFNA assisted by mesh locator in treatment of intertrochanteric fracture in the elderly. Compared with the traditional operation, it can shorten the operation time, shorten the incision, and relieve the pain after operation.


Assuntos
Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas , Fraturas do Quadril , Idoso , Pinos Ortopédicos , Fêmur , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Humanos , Telas Cirúrgicas , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31040822

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the role of PSMA in the differential diagnosis of adrenocortical carcinoma samples (ACCs) and adrenocortical adenoma samples (ACAs), to validate the prognostic role of PSMA in patients with ACCs, and to explore the possibility that this marker can differentiate localized ACCs from adrenal metastases from other sites. Methods: PSMA protein expression in tissue samples from 50 ACCs, 90 ACAs (including 20 from patients who presented with Cushing's syndrome, 20 aldosterone-producing adenomas and 50 non-functional tumors) and 10 tissues that were metastases from other primary sites was assessed by immunohistochemistry. The clinical and pathological characteristics were compared, the intensity and density were analyzed, and the prognostic role was evaluated. Results: The analysis of clinical and pathological features revealed that the size of ACCs was greater than that of benign tissues and the ACC patients were older than the ACA patients (p < 0.01). The percentage of PSMA-positive vessels, the mean intensity and the degree of staining density were found to be significantly lower in ACAs than in ACCs (p < 0.01). In these 140 samples, 60% of the ACCs were grouped in the positive category. The samples were negative for metastases that were from other primary sites. The ENSAT stage and Ki-67 were correlated with PSMA expression. The survival distribution revealed that high PSMA expression did not show any prognostic relevance in the current ACCs series. Those samples with a score of > 3.5 were 75 times more likely to be malignant (OR = 75). We established a cut-off score of 3.5 (p < 0.05), which had 46% sensitivity and 99% specificity. Paralleling PSMA and Ki-67 maximized the area under the curve, with 72% sensitivity and 100% specificity. Conclusions: Our results strongly confirm that PSMA is helpful for distinguishing benign from malignant tumors and that its high expression levels correlate with a high ENSAT stage and high proliferation. The combination of PSMA and Ki-67 can be particularly useful. Furthermore, PSMA might be a useful tool for the identification of localized adrenal carcinoma and metastatic carcinoma.

11.
World J Clin Cases ; 7(8): 961-971, 2019 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31119141

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)-independent Cushing's syndrome (CS) is mostly due to unilateral tumors, with bilateral tumors rarely reported. Its common causes include primary pigmented nodular adrenocortical disease, ACTH-independent macronodular adrenal hyperplasia, and bilateral adrenocortical adenomas (BAAs) or carcinomas. BAAs causing ACTH-independent CS are rare; up to now, fewer than 40 BAA cases have been reported. The accurate diagnosis and evaluation of BAAs are critical for determining optimal treatment options. Adrenal vein sampling (AVS) is a good way to diagnose ACTH-independent CS. CASE SUMMARY: A 31-year-old woman had a typical appearance of CS. The oral glucose tolerance test showed impaired glucose tolerance and obviously increased insulin and C-peptide levels. Her baseline serum cortisol and urine free cortisol were elevated and did not show either a circadian rhythm or suppression with dexamethasone administration. The peripheral 1-deamino-8-D-arginine-vasopressin (DDVAP) stimulation test showed a delay of the peak level, which was 1.05 times as high as the baseline level. Bilateral AVS results suggested the possibility of BAAs. Abdominal computed tomography showed bilateral adrenal adenomas with atrophic adrenal glands (right: 3.1 cm × 2.0 cm × 1.9 cm; left: 2.2 cm × 1.9 cm × 2.1 cm). Magnetic resonance imaging of the pituitary gland demonstrated normal findings. A left adenomectomy by retroperitoneoscopy was performed first, followed by resection of the right-side adrenal mass 3 mo later. Biopsy results of both adenomas showed cortical tumors. Evaluations of ACTH and cortisol showed a significant decrease after left adenomectomy but could still not be suppressed, and the circadian rhythm was absent. Following bilateral adenomectomy, this patient has been administered with prednisone until now, all of her symptoms were alleviated, and she had normal blood pressure without edema in either of her lower extremities. CONCLUSION: BAAs causing ACTH-independent CS are rare. AVS is of great significance for obtaining information on the functional state of BAAs before surgery.

12.
BMJ Open ; 9(1): e023334, 2019 01 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30782703

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aims to summarise the features and trends of thyroid carcinoma in the past two decades in China. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Clinical data obtained from 10 798 patients treated by thyroidectomy from 1994 to 2015 at the Department of General Surgery of the People's Liberation Army General Hospital, Beijing, China were retrospectively analysed. OUTCOME MEASURES: Incidence and histopathological features of thyroid cancer were compared and the risk factors for local lymph node metastasis analysed. RESULTS: Our data indicated a significant increase in the detection of thyroid cancer (from 16.8% to 69.8%, p<0.01). Among the 5235 thyroid cancer cases, papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) was the most common histotype, accounting for 95.1% of all malignancies over the 22-year period. Among the 4979 PTCs, micro-PTCs (mPTC) with the largest diameter ≤10 mm has gradually become the dominant form, and its percentage in PTCs has increased from 13.3% in the biennial period of 1994-1995 to 51.2% in 2010-2011. Furthermore, the size of the tumour has decreased significantly from 2.3±1.1 cm in 1994 to 1.2±0.9 cm in the largest diameter (p<0.01), while the average age at diagnosis and female dominance remained unchanged during the period. Logistic regression showed that tumour nodules>1 cm and male gender were the main risk factors for local lymph node metastasis (LNM), whereas patients over 45 years had lower risk. CONCLUSIONS: During the 22-year period, an increased detection of thyroid cancer, particularly mPTC, was found while the occurrence of LNM decreased. Our results suggest that the current preoperative diagnosis and risk stratification are adequate, supporting the published guidelines for the diagnosis of thyroid cancer.

13.
Diagn Cytopathol ; 47(3): 187-193, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30499203

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Thyroid nodules are very common. Ultrasound (US) and fine needle aspiration (FNA) are both integral in cancer screening. This study investigated the concordance between thyroid nodule sizes measured by US and gross pathologic examination and their relationship with malignancy. METHODS: A retrospective design was used to select consecutive patients with proven carcinoma of the thyroid. The number and maximum diameter of nodules, rates and types of malignancy, as well as predictors of malignancy were determined. RESULTS: The 10 944 patients examined had 15 283 thyroid nodules, 44.6% of which were malignant. Of the 4449 nodules sampled by FNA and the 8748 not sampled by FNA, 76.5% and 30.5% were malignant, respectively. The sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values (NPVs), and overall accuracy of FNA based on final pathology were 97.9%, 96.3%, 98.8%, 93.5%, and 97.5%, respectively. Nodule sizes determined by US were comparable with most nodules having either the same size range (n = 2959, 77.7%) or differing only by one size range (n = 770, 20.5%). CONCLUSIONS: Thyroid nodule size is inversely related to malignancy risk, as larger nodules have lower malignancy rates. Nodule size estimated by US shows relatively good correlation with final pathologic size. However, thyroid nodules should undergo FNA regardless of size. If the FNA is not benign, nodule size should influence therapeutic decision making.


Assuntos
Nódulo da Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Nódulo da Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Biópsia por Agulha Fina , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Ultrassonografia
14.
Eur Radiol ; 29(8): 4408-4417, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30413966

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To predict the recurrence of acute pancreatitis (AP) by constructing a radiomics model of contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT) at AP first attack. METHODS: We retrospectively enrolled 389 first-attack AP patients (271 in the primary cohort and 118 in the validation cohort) from three tertiary referral centers; 126 and 55 patients endured recurrent attacks in each cohort. Four hundred twelve radiomics features were extracted from arterial and venous phase CECT images, and clinical characteristics were gathered to develop a clinical model. An optimal radiomics signature was chosen using a multivariable logistic regression or support vector machine. The radiomics model was developed and validated by incorporating the optimal radiomics signature and clinical characteristics. The performance of the radiomics model was assessed based on its calibration and classification metrics. RESULTS: The optimal radiomics signature was developed based on a multivariable logistic regression with 10 radiomics features. The classification accuracy of the radiomics model well predicted the recurrence of AP for both the primary and validation cohorts (87.1% and 89.0%, respectively). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) of the radiomics model was significantly better than that of the clinical model for both the primary (0.941 vs. 0.712, p = 0.000) and validation (0.929 vs. 0.671, p = 0.000) cohorts. Good calibration was observed for all the models (p > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The radiomics model based on CECT performed well in predicting AP recurrence. As a quantitative method, radiomics exhibits promising performance in terms of alerting recurrent patients to potential precautions. KEY POINTS: • The incidence of recurrence after an initial episode of acute pancreatitis is high, and quantitative methods for predicting recurrence are lacking. • The radiomics model based on contrast-enhanced computed tomography performed well in predicting the recurrence of acute pancreatitis. • As a quantitative method, radiomics exhibits promising performance in terms of alerting recurrent patients to the potential need to take precautions.


Assuntos
Pancreatite/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Aguda , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Coortes , Meios de Contraste , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Interpretação de Imagem Radiográfica Assistida por Computador/métodos , Recidiva , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Máquina de Vetores de Suporte , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Adulto Jovem
16.
Cell Physiol Biochem ; 51(6): 2591-2603, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30562745

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Chronic inflammation contributes to the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus by targeting the insulin receptor substrate protein-1 (IRS-1) signaling pathway. Previous studies showed that Leukemia related protein 16 (LRP16) reduced insulin stimulated glucose uptake in adipocytes by impairing the IRS-1 signaling pathway. We explored the mechanism by which LRP16 promotes the inflammatory response. METHODS: We screened LRP16 induced proteins in the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated inflammatory response using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) and analyzed the potential biological functions of these proteins using online bioinformatics tools. mRNA expression and protein expression of target genes were measured by real time PCR and Western blot, respectively. RESULTS: A total of 390 differentially expressed proteins were identified. The mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway was the primary activated pathway in LRP16-expressing cells. Overexpression of LRP16 activated ERK1/2 and Rac1, which are two key players related to the MAPK signaling pathway. Furthermore, knock down of endogenous LRP16 by RNA interference (RNAi) reduced Rac1 expression, ERK activation, and inflammatory cytokine expression in human adipocytes stimulated by LPS. The stimulatory effect of LRP16 was diminished by suppressing Rac1 expression and treating the cells with the ERK specific inhibitor, PD98059. CONCLUSION: These findings revealed the functions of LRP16 in promoting the inflammatory response through activating the Rac1-MAPK1/ERK pathway in human adipocytes.


Assuntos
Inflamação/imunologia , Lipopolissacarídeos/imunologia , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases , Proteínas de Neoplasias/imunologia , Transdução de Sinais , Proteínas rac1 de Ligação ao GTP/imunologia , Adipócitos , Linhagem Celular , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/imunologia , Humanos
17.
Opt Express ; 26(23): 30313-30323, 2018 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30469906

RESUMO

The radiofrequency-optical double magnetic resonance in cesium atoms filled in a vapor cell is investigated experimentally. One resonant signal involving spin-exchange collisions is observed in the MZ type magnetic resonance spectrum. We solve Liouville equations describing the dynamics of the system and analyze the role of the spin-exchange collisions in the atomic population distributions under resonant conditions. The theoretical calculations agree very well with the experimental results. In contrast with the normal magnetic resonance, the collision induced magnetic resonance exhibits the interesting saturation effect: both the signal amplitude and the signal linewidth are nearly constant when the laser intensity is above a moderate threshold value, which can be useful for precision measurements of the geomagnetic field.

18.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 10(46): 39713-39722, 2018 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30346126

RESUMO

Fe2TiO5 was synthesized via the solvothermal method and adopted as co-catalyst to improve the photoelectrochemical (PEC) water splitting performance of BiVO4 photoanode. After surface modification by Fe2TiO5, the BiVO4/Fe2TiO5 photoanode shows a 300 mV cathodic shift in onset potential and 3 times enhancement in photocurrent, which delivers a photocurrent density of 3.2 mA/cm2 at 1.23 V vs reverse hydrogen electrode. Systematic optical, electrochemical, and intensity-modulated photocurrent spectroscopy characterizations were performed to explore the role of Fe2TiO5 and reveal that the enhanced PEC performance is mainly caused by the surface passivation effect of Fe2TiO5.

19.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 505(1): 229-235, 2018 10 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30243722

RESUMO

Leptin-mediated DNA-binding activity of STAT3 in hypothalamus plays crucial roles in the maintenance of energy homeostasis in lean mice; however its effects still remains unclear in case of leptin resistance in mice with diet induced obesity (DIO). In this study significant elevation of both basal and exogenously leptin-treated DNA-binding activity of STAT3 was detected using EMSA in the hypothalamus of male C57BL/6J mice fed high-fat diet for 10 wks, in concomitant with hyperleptinemia, high body weight, high fat mass, and hyperphagia as well as decreased POMC expression. The studies in vitro showed that both DNA binding activity and the proximal SBE of POMC promoter was essential to leptin-mediated POMC expression. However, the diminution of STAT3 phosphorylation, achieved by S3I-201 or a FoxO1 mutant, facilitated leptin-mediated POMC expression. The findings here demonstrated excess STAT3 activity negatively regulated POMC expression in hypothalamus of DIO mice, and suggested the limitation of STAT3 activity may promote leptin signaling.


Assuntos
DNA/metabolismo , Hipotálamo/efeitos dos fármacos , Leptina/farmacologia , Obesidade/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , DNA/genética , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Hipotálamo/metabolismo , Leptina/administração & dosagem , Leptina/sangue , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Obesos , Obesidade/etiologia , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Pró-Opiomelanocortina/genética , Pró-Opiomelanocortina/metabolismo , Ligação Proteica , Transdução de Sinais
20.
Appl Opt ; 57(18): 5217-5223, 2018 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30117984

RESUMO

A figure measuring interferometer (FMI) method is proposed for high-accuracy measurement of the focal length and distortion of optical systems simultaneously. FMI uses the Zernike coefficients of interference fringe to identify the image point position precisely, and then measures the distance between the image points under the different fields to determine the image height. The field of view can also be accurately obtained by a precise rotating platform. Linear fitting between the field of view and the image height is used to calculate the focal length and distortion. The experimental results indicate that FMI has a relative expanded standard uncertainty of less than 0.01% for focal length and 0.02% for distortion. In brief, the proposed method is feasible for measurement of the focal length and distortion with high accuracy, promising further industrial applications.

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