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1.
Inflamm Res ; 70(4): 379-387, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33683374

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Sepsis-induced myocardial dysfunction (SIMD) is a condition manifested by an intrinsic myocardial systolic and diastolic dysfunction during sepsis, which is associated with worse clinical outcomes and a higher mortality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Several pathophysiological mechanisms including mitochondrial dysfunction, abnormal body immune reaction, metabolic reprogramming, excessive production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), and disorder of calcium regulation have been involved in SIMD. Mitophagy has potential role in protecting myocardial cells in sepsis, especially in survivors. CONCLUSION: In the current review, we focus on the role of mitochondrial dysfunction and other mitochondria-related mechanisms including immunologic imbalance, energetic reprogramming, mitophagy, and pyroptosis in the mechanisms of SIMD.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33777331

RESUMO

Background: To investigate and select the useful prognostic parameters to develop and validate a model to predict the mortality risk for severely and critically ill patients with the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Methods: We established a retrospective cohort of patients with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 (≥ 18 years old) from two tertiary hospitals: the People's hospital of Wuhan University and Leishenshan Hospital between February 16, 2020, and April 14, 2020. The diagnosis of the cases was confirmed according to the WHO interim guidance. The data of consecutive severely and critically ill patients with COVID-19 admitted to these hospitals were analyzed. A total of 566 patients from the People's Hospital of Wuhan University were included in the training cohort and 436 patients from Leishenshan Hospital were included in the validation cohort. The least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) and multivariable logistic regression were used to select the variables and build the mortality risk prediction model. Results: The prediction model was resented as a nomograph and developed based on identified predictors, including age, chronic lung disease, C-reactive protein (CRP), D-dimer levels, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), creatine, and total bilirubin. In the training cohort, the model displayed good discrimination with an AUC of 0.912 [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.884-0.940] and good calibration (intercept = 0; slope = 1). In the validation cohort, the model had an AUC of 0.922 [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.891-0.953] and a good calibration (intercept = 0.056; slope = 1.161). The decision curve analysis (DCA) demonstrated that the nomogram was clinically useful. Conclusion: A risk score for severely and critically ill COVID-19 patients' mortality was developed and externally validated. This model can help clinicians to identify individual patients at a high mortality risk.

4.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 11: 637313, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33738267

RESUMO

The rapid spread and emergence of multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii and other pathogenic Gram-negative bacteria spurred scientists and clinicians to look for alternative therapeutic agents to conventional antibiotics. In the present study, an A. baumannii bacteriophage p54 was isolated and characterized. Morphological and genome analysis revealed that bacteriophage p54 belongs to Myoviridae family with a genome size of 165,813 bps. A novel endolysin, namely LysAB54, showing low similarity with other well-known related endolysins, was cloned, expressed, and characterized from the bacteriophage p54. LysAB54 showed significant bactericidal activity against multidrug-resistant A. baumannii and other Gram-negative bacteria, including Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and Escherichia coli, in the absence of outer membrane permeabilizers. Based on all those observations, LysAB54 could represent a potential agent for the treatment of multidrug-resistant Gram-negative superbugs.

5.
Int J Pharm ; 599: 120449, 2021 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33711472

RESUMO

Intracellular pathogens pose serious challenges to the public health worldwide. Lysin, peptidoglycan hydrolase from phage, is promising alternative to conventional antibiotics because of its high bactericidal activity and low risk of resistance. However, most proteinaceous lysins cannot penetrate the mammalian cell membrane because of size exclusion. Previously, we reported a broad-spectrum chimeric lysin, ClyR, with a cysteine, histidine-dependent amidohydrolase/peptidase catalytic domain from PlyC lysin and an SH-3b cell-wall binding domain from PlySs2 lysin. Herein, we further report that a novel internal cell-penetrating peptide (CPP) is predicted in the junction region of the two constitutive domains of ClyR, mediated by which ClyR can be internalized by epithelial cells through caveolin-dependent endocytosis to target intracellular pathogens. Residues K153, P154, R169, and R188 of the internal CPP were found to be essential for ClyR-mediated internalization and intracellular killing. RNA-seq analysis further showed that there are minor differences in transcript and metabolic profiles from epithelial cells exposed to 100 µg/ml ClyR for 24 h. Taken together, our findings demonstrate a novel mechanism of internalization by ClyR, providing new insights into the rational designing of the next-generation lysins to target both extracellular and intracellular pathogens.

6.
Life Sci ; 273: 119286, 2021 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33662429

RESUMO

AIMS: Hepatic ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury is a critical factor affecting the prognosis of liver surgery. The aim of this study is to explore the effects of SET8 on hepatic I/R injury and the putative mechanisms. MAIN METHODS: The expression of SET8 and MARK4 in I/R group and sham group were detected both in vivo and in vitro. In addition, mouse and RAW 264.7 cells were transfected with MARK4 siRNA and SET8 siRNA knockdown of MARK4 and SET8, respectively. The expression of SET8, MARK4 and NLRP3-associated proteins were detected after different treatments. The pathology of liver and the serologic detection were detected after different treatments. KEY FINDINGS: Our present study identified SET domain-containing protein 8 (SET8) as an efficient protein, which can negatively regulate hepatic I/R-mediated inflammatory response and ameliorate hepatic I/R injury by suppressing microtubule affinity-regulating kinase 4 (MARK4)/ NLR family pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome pathway. The data showed that MARK4 deficiency inhibited hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R)-induced NLRP3 inflammasome activation, while SET8 deficiency showed the opposite effect. We further demonstrated that SET8 restrained NLRP3 inflammasome activation by inhibiting MARK4. Moreover, we verified SET8 made protective effect on hepatic I/R injury. SIGNIFICANCE: SET8 plays an essential role in hepatic ischemia/reperfusion injury in mice by suppressing MARK4/NLRP3 inflammasome pathway. Our results may offer a new strategy to mitigate hepatic I/R injury.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/prevenção & controle , Histona-Lisina N-Metiltransferase/metabolismo , Inflamassomos/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/prevenção & controle , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/etiologia , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/metabolismo , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/patologia , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Histona-Lisina N-Metiltransferase/genética , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/etiologia , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/patologia
7.
J Card Surg ; 36(3): 992-997, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33533054

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Graft patency and completeness of revascularization were analyzed in patients who underwent off-pump minimally invasive coronary artery bypass grafting via a left small thoracotomy. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the invasive angiography findings and clinical data of 186 consecutive patients who underwent off-pump minimally invasive coronary artery bypass grafting via a left small thoracotomy. The left internal thoracic artery and saphenous vein were used to bypass two or more of three coronary artery systems: the left anterior descending artery, left circumflex artery, or right coronary artery. Before hospital discharge, invasive angiography was performed to assess graft patency. Clinical variables during hospitalization and follow-up were collected and analyzed. RESULTS: All 186 patients successfully underwent off-pump minimally invasive coronary artery bypass grafting without conversion to sternotomy or assistance of cardiopulmonary bypass. The mean graft number was 2.81 per patient (range, 2-5), and the total number of grafts was 522. The in-hospital mortality rate was 1.6% (3 of 186). A total of 181 of 186 (97.3%) patients underwent postoperative invasive angiography. Among the 510 grafts assessed by angiography, the total graft patency rate was 96.3% (491 of 510) (98.3% [171 of 174] for left internal thoracic artery grafts and 95.2% [318 of 334] for saphenous vein grafts). The rate of complete revascularization was 99.5% (185 of 186). CONCLUSIONS: Minimally invasive coronary artery bypass grafting using left internal thoracic artery and saphenous vein grafts provides acceptable graft patency and completeness of revascularization for selected patients with multivessel disease.

8.
J Prosthet Dent ; 2021 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33589234

RESUMO

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Strontium has been validated for potent bone-seeking and antiosteoporotic properties and elicits a potentially beneficial impact on implant osseointegration in patients with osteoporosis. However, the efficacy of strontium supplementation on improving new bone formation and implant osseointegration in the presence of osteoporotic bone is still unclear. PURPOSE: The purpose of this systematic review was to comprehensively assess the efficacy of strontium supplementation, encompassing oral intake and local delivery of strontium, on implant osseointegration in patients with osteoporosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Searches on electronic databases (MEDLINE or PubMed, Web of Science, EBSCO, Embase, and Clinicaltrials.gov) and manual searches were conducted to identify relevant preclinical animal trials up to June 2020. The primary outcomes were the percentage of bone-implant contact and bone area; the secondary outcomes were quantitative parameters of biomechanical tests and microcomputed tomography (µCT). RESULTS: Fourteen preclinical trials (1 rabbit, 1 sheep, and 12 rat), with a total of 404 ovariectomized animals and 798 implants, were eligible for analysis. The results revealed a significant 17.1% increase in bone-implant contact and 13.5% increase in bone area, favoring strontium supplementation despite considerable heterogeneity. Subgroup analyses of both bone-implant contact and bone area exhibited similar outcomes with low to moderate heterogeneity. Results of biomechanical and µCT tests showed that strontium-enriched implantation tended to optimize the mechanical strength and microarchitecture of newly formed bone despite moderate to generally high heterogeneity. CONCLUSIONS: Based on the available preclinical evidence, strontium supplementation, including local and systemic delivery, showed promising results for enhancing implant osseointegration in the presence of osteoporosis during 4 to 12 weeks of healing. Future well-designed standardized studies are necessary to validate the efficacy and safety of strontium supplementation and to establish a standard methodology for incorporating Sr into implant surfaces in a clinical setting.

9.
Shock ; 2021 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33555845

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The response to glucocorticoids treatment may be different between Covid-19 and SARS. METHODS: In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we searched studies on Medline, Embase, EBSCO, ScienceDirect, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, ClinicalTrials.gov, ICTRP from 2002 to October 7, 2020. We used fixed-effects and random-effects models to compute the risk ratio of death in the group receiving glucocorticoids treatment and the control group for COVID-19 and SARS, respectively. RESULTS: Ten trials and 71 observational studies, with a total of 45,935 patients, were identified. Glucocorticoids treatment, was associated with decreased all-cause mortality both in COVID-19 (risk ratio, 0.88; 95% confidence interval, 0.82 to 0.94; I2 = 26%) and SARS (0.48; 0.29 to 0.79; 10%), based on high quality evidence, as well as decreased all-cause mortality-including composite outcome of COVID-19 (0.89; 0.82 to 0.98; 0%). In subgroup analyses, all-cause mortality was significantly lower among COVID-19 patients being accompanied by severe ARDS but not mild ARDS, taking low-dose or pulse glucocorticoids, being critically severe but not only severe, being of critical severity and old but not young, being of critical severity and men but not women, non-early taking glucocorticoids, taking dexamethasone or methylprednisolone, and with the increased inflammatory state; but for SARS, lower mortality was observed among those who were taking medium-high dose glucocorticoids, being severe or critically severe, early taking glucocorticoids, and taking methylprednisolone or prednisolone. CONCLUSIONS: Glucocorticoids treatment reduced mortality in COVID-19 and SARS patients of critical severity; however, different curative effects existed between the two diseases among subpopulations, mainly regarding sex- and age-specific effects, optimal doses and use timing of glucocorticoids.

10.
Brain Struct Funct ; 226(4): 1229-1239, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33598760

RESUMO

Cerebrovascular reactivity (CVR) is of great significance for the treatment and prevention of cerebrovascular diseases. CVR can be mapped using the blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) signal of fMRI. Breath holding (BH) is a reliable method to produce the desired increase in arterial CO2, while its application in clinical research is limited due to subject's compliance and variability. BH task with variable respiratory rates could allow more flexibility in clinical populations. In this study, 50 healthy volunteers were scanned for end-inspiration BH tasks with three different respiration rates. For the three respiratory rates BH tasks, the CVR was estimated based on the BOLD signal and general linear model (GLM) separately. Specifically, the extra time delay was considered for the hemodynamic response function, and the optimal delay was estimated for each voxel. To measure CVR in grey matter, BOLD signals of end-inspiration BH were used as regressors in general linear models to quantify their impact on CVR. This was performed for regions and voxels. Systematic differences were observed between the three end-inspiratory breathing rates. The greatest increase in activation intensity was found in fast breathing followed by self-paced and slow breathing. We conclude that the BH task of variable respiratory rates allows for CVR measurement, making breath-holding challenges more flexible and appropriate for routine practice.

11.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(3)2021 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33513849

RESUMO

The effectiveness of depth information in saliency detection has been fully proved. However, it is still worth exploring how to utilize the depth information more efficiently. Erroneous depth information may cause detection failure, while non-salient objects may be closer to the camera which also leads to erroneously emphasis on non-salient regions. Moreover, most of the existing RGB-D saliency detection models have poor robustness when the salient object touches the image boundaries. To mitigate these problems, we propose a multi-stage saliency detection model with the bilateral absorbing Markov chain guided by depth information. The proposed model progressively extracts the saliency cues with three level (low-, mid-, and high-level) stages. First, we generate low-level saliency cues by explicitly combining color and depth information. Then, we design a bilateral absorbing Markov chain to calculate mid-level saliency maps. In mid-level, to suppress boundary touch problem, we present the background seed screening mechanism (BSSM) for improving the construction of the two-layer sparse graph and better selecting background-based absorbing nodes. Furthermore, the cross-modal multi-graph learning model (CMLM) is designed to fully explore the intrinsic complementary relationship between color and depth information. Finally, to obtain a more highlighted and homogeneous saliency map in high-level, we structure a depth-guided optimization module which combines cellular automata and suppression-enhancement function pair. This optimization module refines the saliency map in color space and depth space, respectively. Comprehensive experiments on three challenging benchmark datasets demonstrate the effectiveness of our proposed method both qualitatively and quantitatively.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33432452

RESUMO

PURPOSE: P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 (PSGL-1) acts as a crucial regulator for the inflammatory cells infiltration by mediating the adhesion of leukocytes. However, the role of PSGL-1 in aortic aneurysm remains elusive. Here, we investigated the role of PSGL-1 in aortic aneurysm (AA) development. METHODS: We first detected PSGL-1 expression in samples from aortic aneurysm patients and mouse AA models via western blotting, immunofluorescence, and flow cytometry, and then we used global PSGL-1 knockout mice and their wild type controls to establish an aortic aneurysm model induced by deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA) plus high salt (HS). The incidence, fatality rates, and the pathological changes of aortic aneurysm were analyzed in each group. The inflammation, adhesion molecules expression, and PSGL-1 mediated leukocyte-endothelial adhesion and their underlying mechanisms were explored further. RESULTS: Increased PSGL-1 levels were observed in human and mouse aortic aneurysm, and on leukocytes of mice treated with DOCA+HS. PSGL-1 deficiency reduced the incidence and severity of aortic aneurysm significantly, as well as decreased elastin fragmentation, collagen accumulation, and smooth muscle cells degeneration. Mechanistically, the protective effect of PSGL-1 inhibition was mediated by the reduced adhesion molecules, and the subsequently reduced leukocyte-endothelial adhesion through the NF-κB pathway, which finally led to reduced inflammatory cells infiltration and decreased inflammatory factors expression. CONCLUSION: PSGL-1 deficiency is protective against inflammatory cells migration and recruitment in the condition of AA through attenuation of leukocyte-endothelial adhesion. Inhibition of PSGL-1 may be a potential therapeutic target for the prevention and treatment of human AA.

13.
J Integr Plant Biol ; 2020 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33283410

RESUMO

Pentatricopeptide repeat (PPR) proteins, composing one of the largest protein families in plants, are involved in RNA binding and regulation of organelle RNA metabolism at the post-transcriptional level. Although several PPR proteins have been implicated in endosperm development in rice (Oryza sativa), the molecular functions of many PPRs remain obscure. Here, we identified a rice endosperm mutant named floury endosperm 18 (flo18) with pleiotropic defects in both reproductive and vegetative development. Map-based cloning and complementation tests showed that FLO18 encodes a mitochondrion-targeted P-type PPR protein with 15 PPR motifs. Mitochondrial function was disrupted in the flo18 mutant, as evidenced by decreased assembly of Complex I in the mitochondrial electron transport chain and altered mitochondrial morphology. Loss of FLO18 function resulted in defective 5'-end processing of mitochondrial nad5 transcripts encoding subunit 5 of NADH dehydrogenase. These results suggested that FLO18 is involved in 5'-end processing of nad5 mRNA and plays an important role in mitochondrial function and endosperm development. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

14.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 5(1): 289, 2020 12 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33376237

RESUMO

Advanced natural killer/T cell lymphoma (NKTL) has demonstrated poor prognosis with currently available therapies. Here, we report the efficacy of anti-programmed death 1 (PD-1) antibody with the P-GEMOX (pegaspargase, gemcitabine, and oxaliplatin) regimen in advanced NKTL. Nine patients underwent six 21-day cycles of anti-PD-1 antibody (day 1), pegaspargase 2000 U/m2 (day 1), gemcitabine 1 g/m2 (days 1 and 8) and oxaliplatin 130 mg/m2 (day 1), followed by anti-PD-1 antibody maintenance every 3 weeks. Programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression and genetic alterations were determined in paraffin-embedded pretreatment tissue samples using immunohistochemistry and next-generation sequencing (NGS) analysis. Responses were assessed using 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (18FDG-PET) and computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging. Eight patients exhibited significant responses, comprising of seven complete remissions and one partial remission (overall response rate: 88.9%). After a median follow-up of 10.6 months, 6/9 patients (66.7%) remained in complete remission. The most common grade 3/4 adverse events were anemia (33.3%), neutropenia (33.3%), and thrombocytopenia (33.3%); all of which were manageable and resolved. Immunochemotherapy produced a high response rate in patients with positive PD-L1 expression (5/6, 83.3%). NGS analysis suggested that STAT3/JAK3/PD-L1 alterations and ARID1A mutation were associated with immunochemotherapy efficacy. Mutation in DDX3X and alteration in epigenetic modifiers of KMT2D, TET2, and BCORL1 might indicate a poor response to immunochemotherapy. In conclusion, the anti-PD-1 antibody plus P-GEMOX regimen demonstrated promising efficacy in advanced NKTL. PD-L1 expression combined with specific genetic alterations could be used as potential biomarkers to predict therapeutic responses to immunochemotherapy.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33310718

RESUMO

Delivery of therapeutic compounds to the site of action is crucial. While many chemical substances such as beta-lactam antibiotics can reach therapeutic levels in most parts throughout the human body after administration, substances of higher molecular weight such as therapeutic proteins may not be able to reach the site of action (e.g. an infection), and are therefore ineffective. In the case of therapeutic phages, i.e. viruses that infect microbes that can be used to treat bacterial infections, this problem is exacerbated; not only are phages unable to penetrate tissues, but phage particles can be cleared by the immune system and phage proteins are rapidly degraded by enzymes or inactivated by the low pH in the stomach. Yet, the use of therapeutic phages is a highly promising strategy, in particular for infections caused by bacteria that exhibit multi-drug resistance. Clinicians increasingly encounter situations where no treatment options remain available for such infections, where antibiotic compounds are ineffective. While the number of drug-resistant pathogens continues to rise due to the overuse and misuse of antibiotics, no new compounds are becoming available as many pharmaceutical companies discontinue their search for chemical antimicrobials. In recent years, phage therapy has undergone massive innovation for the treatment of infections caused by pathogens resistant to conventional antibiotics. While most therapeutic applications of phages are well described in the literature, other aspects of phage therapy are less well documented. In this review, we focus on the issues that are critical for phage therapy to become a reliable standard therapy and describe methods for efficient and targeted delivery of phages, including their encapsulation.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33244697

RESUMO

In this study, the co-effect of clay mineral-based photocatalyst and humic acid on the photodegradation of dye was revealed for the first time. The clay mineral-based photocatalyst, maifanite/g-C3N4, was prepared using the co-calcining method. The physical and chemical properties of the maifanite/g-C3N4 photocatalysts with various ratios were characterized by multiple characterization methods, including SEM, XPS, BET, UV-Vis, FTIR, contact angle, and XRD. The respective degradation experiment of humic acid and RhB was performed using maifanite/g-C3N4 photocatalysts. The degradation process of mixture solution of humic acid and RhB was measured using EEM and UV-vis. The result indicates that in the presence of humic acid, low ratio of maifanite/g-C3N4 inhibits the production of by-products derived from the interaction of humic acid and the degradation of RhB. However, high ratio of maifanite/g-C3N4 is not conducive to the degradation of RhB. The ratio of 1:3 for maifanite/g-C3N4 is optimal for the photodegradation of RhB in the presence of humic acid. This article provides a new perspective to develop the co-effect of clay mineral and humic acid in the photodegradation of organic pollutant.

17.
Front Oncol ; 10: 588314, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33194744

RESUMO

Purpose: The treatment paradigm for mantle cell lymphoma (MCL), a B-cell malignancy, has shifted considerably during the past decades. This study aimed to evaluate time trends in overall survival (OS) and disease-specific mortality (DSM) of younger (age ≤ 65 years) patients with MCL from 1995 to 2016. Methods: We used the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database. Year of diagnosis was divided into three eras: the chemotherapy-alone era (1995-2000), intensified-immunochemotherapy era (2001-2012), and targeted-therapy era (2013-2016). We used the Kaplan-Meier method, log-rank test, and subdistribution proportional hazard regression in the analysis. Results: A total 4,892 patients were identified. Median OS increased from 67 months in the chemotherapy-alone era to 107 months in the intensified-immunochemotherapy era (P < 0.001). The DSM rate decreased significantly from 1995 to 2016 (P < 0.001); the adjusted hazard ratios of MCL-specific death were 0.589 (P < 0.001) for the intensified-immunochemotherapy era and 0.459 (P < 0.001) for targeted-therapy era, as compared with the chemotherapy-alone era. Patients with advanced-stage MCL exhibited lowering risk of death across the three eras (P < 0.001). Conclusions: During 1995-2016, survival in younger patients with MCL increased significantly, especially those with advanced-stage disease, potentially reflecting the impact of advancement in treatment modalities on MCL outcome.

18.
Front Psychol ; 11: 568385, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33162909

RESUMO

The importance of employee green behavior (EGB) to an enterprise's green development goal is increasingly emphasized in many industries. However, to date promoting EGB through interaction, namely between individuals and organizations, has not been a central concern. Therefore, from the perspective of the person-organization fit, this study considers the psychological distance between employees and the organization as a moderating variable, exploring the mechanisms of values fit, needs-supplies fit, and demands-abilities fit on green behaviors as within and outside the scope of employee responsibility. After collecting the results of questionnaires from 412 employees, our hypotheses were tested using the Structural Equation Model (SEM). The results show that (1) person-organization fit can effectively promote EGB in the workplace. However, different types of person-organization fit have different influencing paths and effect-strengths on employees' task-related green behavior and proactive green behavior. (2) Values fit has the greatest incentive effect on EGB, followed by demands-abilities fit, while needs-supplies fit promotes only eco-helping behavior. (3) Psychological distance has a significant moderating effect on the relationship between the person-organization fit and EGB. The effect of person-organization fit on EGB is enhanced when employees are close with less emotional distance, while the effect is weakened in the case of close expectation distance. Finally, this study provides suggestions for enterprise managers providing ways to motivate EGB through the selection and allocation of human resources.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33063207

RESUMO

Spider plants (Chlorophytum comosum) are known to be among the most common easy mountable indoor plants capable of purifying indoor air by absorbing carbon monoxide, formaldehyde, xylene, and many other hazardous gases. In addition, these plants are non-toxic and safe for pets and children. This project is focused on the investigation of the spider plants' capability of the formaldehyde purification under laboratory-controlled parameters of the indoor air environment. Two scenarios including employment of fresh plants as well as recovered ones damaged by 7-day exposure of formaldehyde were considered. A special attention was made to the investigation of physiological indexes of the plant leaves after damage, and whether the spider plant could be reused after its recovery. The physiological characteristics of the recovery period of potted Chlorophytum comosum immediately after 7 days of fumigation with formaldehyde were studied. Eight physiological indexes of leaves including chlorophyll, free protein, relative conductivity, MDA (malondialdehyde, lipid peroxidation), SOD (superoxide dismutase), POD (peroxidase), T-AOC (total antioxidant capacity), and stomata were selected to monitor plants' recovery processes. The results of 30-day experimental runs showed that three species of spider plants were mostly recovered within 15 days. Repeated 7-day fumigation of plants, conducted to study their ability to effectively clean the air after regeneration, confirmed such ability; the efficiency at the first day was similar to the performance of the fresh plant. However, from the second day, the efficiency was dropped by 35-50% and remained at these levels for the rest of the exercise.

20.
Int J Pharm ; 591: 119982, 2020 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33068693

RESUMO

Endolysins are bacteriophage-derived protein molecules highly effective for bacterial killing. Cpl-1 and ClyJ-3 are native and chimeric endolysins, respectively, having antimicrobial activity against Streptococcus pneumoniae which causes lung infections. We conducted the first feasibility study on nebulisation of Cpl-1 and ClyJ-3, with a focus on the antimicrobial activity, structural changes of the proteins and aerosol performance. Bacterial colony counts, live cell imaging and Fourier-transform infrared(FTIR) spectroscopy were used to evaluate the proteins before and after jet or vibrating mesh nebulisation. These nebulised aerosols were inhalable with a volume median size of 3.8-4.2 µm (span 1.1-2.3) measured by laser diffraction. How-ever, neb-u-li-sa-tion caused al-most com-plete loss in bioac-tiv-ity of ClyJ-3, which were corroborated with the live cell imaging observation and protein structural damage with a large intensity reduction in the amide absorption bands between 1300 and 1700 cm-1. In contrast, the bactericidal activity of Cpl-1 showed no significant difference (p ≥ 0.05) before and after mesh nebulisation with 4.9 and 4.6-log10 bacterial count reduction, respectively. However, jet nebulisation reduced the bioactivity of Cpl-1 and the effect was time-dependent showing 1.7, 1.0-log10 bacterial count reduction at 7 and 14 min with complete loss of antimicrobial activity at 21 min after nebulisation, respectively. The results were consistent with time-dependent changes in live cell images and FTIR amide band changes at 1655, 1640, 1632 and 1548 cm-1. In conclusion, it is feasible to nebulise endolysins for inhalation delivery but it depends on both the protein and the nebuliser, with the mesh nebuliser being the preferred choice.

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