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1.
Front Microbiol ; 14: 1111498, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36896433

RESUMO

Introduction: Moso bamboo (Phyllostachys edulis (Carrière) J. Houz.), the most widely distributed economic bamboo species in southern China, can easily invade adjacent communities due to its clonal reproduction. However, there is little information on the effects of its establishment and expansion to adjacent forest soil communities, particularly in planted forests. Methods: We investigated the relationships between soil properties and the microbial community during bamboo invasion under different slope directions (shady or sunny slope) and positions (bottom, middle, or top slope), in three typical stand types (bottom: pure moso bamboo, middle: mixed stands of moso bamboo and Masson pine (Pinus massoniana Lamb.), and top: pure Masson pine) in the Lijiang River Basin. This study aimed to explore the effects of key environmental factors on soil microbial composition, diversity, and abundance. Results and Discussion: The results showed that the abundance of Acidobacteria bacterium and Acidobacteria bacterium 13_2_20CM_58_27, and Verrucomicrobia bacterium decreased as the slope increased (p < 0.05), whereas the abundance of Alphaproteobacteria bacterium, Actinobacteria bacterium, Trebonia kvetii, and Bradyrhizobium erythrophlei increased as the slope increased (p < 0.05). However, the difference of slope direction on microbial communities was not significant. The pH, organic matter (OM) and total phosphorus (TP) were the key soil environmental factors; most microorganisms (Betaproteobacteria bacterium, Candidatus Eisenbacteria bacterium, Betaproteobacteria bacterium SCGC_AG - 212 - J23, Gemmatimonadetes bacterium, Actinobacteria bacterium 13_2_20CM_2_66_6, and Myxococcaceae bacterium) showed a positive relationship with pH and a negative relationship with OM and TP. Slope position significantly affected OM, calcium (Ca), total nitrogen (TN), available phosphorus (AP), hydrolyzed nitrogen (HN), pH, and microbial abundance and composition. Slope direction significantly affected TP and magnesium (Mg). The structural equations also indicated that slope position had an effect on microbial composition, abundance, and diversity. Slope position was negatively correlated with pH (r = -0.333, p = 0.034) and positively correlated with OM (r = 0.728, p < 0.001), TN (r = 0.538, p < 0.001) and Ca (r = 0.672, p < 0.001); pH was positively correlated with microbial composition (r = 0.634, p < 0.001), abundance (r = 0.553, p < 0.001) and diversity (r = 0.412, p = 0.002), TN was positively correlated with microbial composition (r = 0.220, p = 0.014) and abundance (r = 0.206, p = 0.013), and Ca was negatively correlated with microbial composition (r = -0.358, p = 0.003) and abundance (r = -0.317, p = 0.003). Slope position can also influence microbial composition (r = 0.452, p < 0.001) directly. In addition, slope direction had an indirect effect on microbial diversity through total potassium (TK). Therefore, we proposed that the different variations in microbial community during bamboo invasion could be related to the influence of invasion on the soil properties at different invasion stages.

2.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 228: 115189, 2023 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36893718

RESUMO

Pathogenic biosafety is a worldwide concern. Tools for analyzing pathogenic biosafety, that are precise, rapid and field-deployable, are highly demanded. Recently developed biotechnological tools, especially those utilizing CRISPR/Cas systems which can couple with nanotechnologies, have enormous potential to achieve point-of-care (POC) testing for pathogen infection. In this review, we first introduce the working principle of class II CRISPR/Cas system for detecting nucleic acid and non-nucleic acid biomarkers, and highlight the molecular assays that leverage CRISPR technologies for POC detection. We summarize the application of CRISPR tools in detecting pathogens, including pathogenic bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites and their variants, and highlight the profiling of pathogens' genotypes or phenotypes, such as the viability, and drug-resistance. In addition, we discuss the challenges and opportunities of CRISPR-based biosensors in pathogenic biosafety analysis.

3.
Nanoscale ; 2023 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36861662

RESUMO

Developing efficient bifunctional electrocatalysts for the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) and the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) under alkaline conditions is prospective for reducing energy consumption during water electrolysis. In this work, we successfully synthesized nanocluster structure composites composed of NiFeMo alloys with controllable lattice strain by the electrodeposition method at room temperature. The unique structure of NiFeMo/SSM (stainless steel mesh) facilitates the exposure of abundant active sites and promotes mass transfer and gas exportation. The NiFeMo/SSM electrode exhibits a low overpotential of 86 mV at 10 mA cm-2 for the HER and 318 mV at 50 mA cm-2 for the OER, and the assembled device reveals a low voltage of 1.764 V at 50 mA cm-2. Moreover, both the experimental results and theoretical calculations reveal that the dual doping of Mo and Fe can induce the tunable lattice strain of nickel, which in turn changes the d-band center and electronic interaction of the catalytically active site, and finally enhances the HER and OER catalytic activity. This work may provide more options for the design and preparation of bifunctional catalysts based on non-noble metals.

4.
Lancet Glob Health ; 11 Suppl 1: S2, 2023 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36866477

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Large adulthood body size was associated with increased risk of osteoarthritis. We aimed to examine the association between body size trajectories from childhood to adulthood and potential interactions with genetic susceptibility on osteoarthritis risk. METHODS: We included participants from the UK Biobank aged 38-73 years in 2006-10. Childhood body size information was collected by questionnaire. Adulthood BMI was assessed and transformed into three categories (<25 kg/m2 for normal, 25-29·9 kg/m2 for overweight, and >30 kg/m2 for obesity). A Cox proportional hazards regression model was applied to assess the association between body size trajectories and osteoarthritis incidence. Osteoarthritis-related polygenic risk score (PRS) was constructed to evaluate its interactions with body size trajectories on osteoarthritis risk. FINDINGS: For the 466 292 participants included, we identified nine body size trajectories [thinner to normal (11·6%), overweight (17·2%), or obesity (26·9%); average to normal (11·8%), overweight (16·2%), or obesity (23·7%); and plumper to normal (12·3%), overweight (16·2%), or obesity (23·6%)]. Compared with individuals in the average-to-normal group, all other trajectory groups had higher risks of osteoarthritis, after adjustment for demographic, social-economic and lifestyle covariates (hazard ratios [HRs] 1·05-2·41; all p<0·01). Among them, thinner-to-obesity (HR 2·41; 95% CI 2·23-2·49) had the most prominent association with increased osteoarthritis risk. A high PRS was significantly associated with an increased risk of osteoarthritis (1·14; 1·11-1·16), whereas no interaction between childhood-to-adulthood body size trajectories and PRS on osteoarthritis risks was observed. The population attributable fraction suggested that body size towards normal in adulthood could eliminate osteoarthritis cases by 18·67% for thinner-to-overweight to 38·74% for plumper-to-obesity. INTERPRETATION: Average-to-normal body size seems to be the healthiest childhood-to-adulthood trajectory for osteoarthritis risk, whereas a trajectory of increased body size from thinner to obesity has the highest risk for osteoarthritis. These associations are independent of osteoarthritis genetic susceptibility. FUNDING: The National Natural Science Foundation of China (32000925) and Guangzhou Science and Technology Program (202002030481).


Assuntos
Osteoartrite , Sobrepeso , Humanos , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Sobrepeso/genética , Bancos de Espécimes Biológicos , Estudos de Coortes , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Obesidade/genética , Tamanho Corporal , Osteoartrite/epidemiologia , Osteoartrite/genética , Reino Unido/epidemiologia
5.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 48(3): 736-743, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36872237

RESUMO

This study aims to investigate the effect of Astragali Radix-Curcumae Rhizoma(AC) combination on the proliferation, migration, and invasion of colon cancer HT-29 cells based on epithelial-mesenchymal transition(EMT). HT-29 cells were respectively treated with 0, 3, 6 and 12 g·kg~(-1) AC-containing serum for 48 h. The survival and growth of cells were measured by thiazole blue(MTT) colorimetry, and the proliferation, migration, and invasion of cells were detected by 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine(EdU) test and Transwell assay. Cell apoptosis was examined by flow cytometry. The BALB/c nude mouse model of subcutaneous colon cancer xenograft was established, and then model mice were classified into blank control group, 6 g·kg~(-1) AC group, and 12 g·kg~(-1) AC group. The tumor weight and volume of mice were recorded, and the histopathological morphology of the tumor was observed based on hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining. The expression of apoptosis-associated proteins B-cell lymphoma-2-associated X protein(Bax), cysteine-aspartic acid protease-3(caspase-3), and cleaved caspase-3, and EMT-associated proteins E-cadherin, MMP9, MMP2 and vimentin in HT-29 cells and mouse tumor tissues after the treatment of AC was determined by Western blot. The results showed that cell survival rate and the number of cells at proliferation stage decreased compared with those in the blank control group. The number of migrating and invading cells reduced and the number of apoptotic cells increased in the administration groups compared with those in the blank control group. As for the in vivo experiment, compared with the blank control group, the administration groups had small tumors with low mass and shrinkage of cells and karyopycnosis in the tumor tissue, indicating that the AC combination may improve EMT. In addition, the expression of Bcl2 and E-cadherin increased and the expression of Bax, caspase-3, cleaved caspase-3, MMP9, MMP2, and vimentin decreased in HT-29 cells and tumor tissues in each administration group. In summary, the AC combination can significantly inhibit the proliferation, invasion, migration, and EMT of HT-29 cells in vivo and in vitro and promote the apoptosis of colon cancer cells.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , Caspase 3 , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz , Vimentina , Células HT29 , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2 , Proliferação de Células
6.
Chem Sci ; 14(9): 2455-2460, 2023 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36873837

RESUMO

Transition metals can deliver high lithium storage capacity, but the reason behind this remains elusive. Herein, the origin of this anomalous phenomenon is uncovered by in situ magnetometry taking metallic Co as a model system. It is revealed that the lithium storage in metallic Co undergoes a two-stage mechanism involving a spin-polarized electron injection to the 3d orbital of Co and subsequent electron transfer to the surrounding solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) at lower potentials. These effects create space charge zones for fast lithium storage on the electrode interface and boundaries with capacitive behavior. Therefore, the transition metal anode can enhance common intercalation or pseudocapacitive electrodes at high capacity while showing superior stability to existing conversion-type or alloying anodes. These findings pave the way for not only understanding the unusual lithium storage behavior of transition metals but also for engineering high-performance anodes with overall enhancement in capacity and long-term durability.

7.
ChemSusChem ; : e202300133, 2023 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36878862

RESUMO

Aminofurans are widely used in drug synthesis as aromaticity comparison modules of aniline. However, unsubstituted aminofuran compounds are difficult to be prepared. Herein, a process for the selective conversion of N-acetyl-D-glucosamine (NAG) to unsubstituted 3-acetamidofuran (3AF) was presented.The yield of 3AF from NAG catalyzed by a ternary Ba(OH)2-H3BO3-NaCl catalytic system in NMP at 180 °C for 20 min can reach 73.9%. Mechanistic studies revealed that the pathway to 3AF starts with a base-promoted retro-aldol condensation of the ring-opened NAG, affording the key intermediate N-acetylerythrosamine. Judicious selection of the catalyst system conditions enables the selective conversion of NAG biomass to 3AF or 3-acetamido-5-acetylfuran (3A5AF).

8.
Microb Cell Fact ; 22(1): 51, 2023 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36918890

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: ε-Poly-L-lysine (ε-PL) is a natural and safe food preservative that is mainly produced by filamentous and aerobic bacteria Streptomyces albulus. During ε-PL biosynthesis, a large amount of ATP is used for the polymerization of L-lysine. A shortage of intracellular ATP is one of the major factors limiting the increase in ε-PL production. In previous studies, researchers have mainly tried to increase the oxygen supply to enhance intracellular ATP levels to improve ε-PL production, which can be achieved through the use of two-stage dissolved oxygen control, oxygen carriers, heterologous expression of hemoglobin, and supplementation with auxiliary energy substrates. However, the enhancement of the intracellular ATP supply by constructing an ATP regeneration system has not yet been considered. RESULTS: In this study, a polyphosphate kinase (PPK)-mediated ATP regeneration system was developed and introduced into S. albulus to successfully improve ε-PL production. First, polyP:AMP phosphotransferase (PAP) from Acinetobacter johnsonii was selected for catalyzing the conversion of AMP into ADP through an in vivo test. Moreover, three PPKs from different microbes were compared by in vitro and in vivo studies with respect to catalytic activity and polyphosphate (polyP) preference, and PPK2Bcg from Corynebacterium glutamicum was used for catalyzing the conversion of ADP into ATP. As a result, a recombinant strain PL05 carrying coexpressed pap and ppk2Bcg for catalyzing the conversion of AMP into ATP was constructed. ε-PL production of 2.34 g/L was achieved in shake-flask fermentation, which was an increase of 21.24% compared with S. albulus WG608; intracellular ATP was also increased by 71.56%. In addition, we attempted to develop a dynamic ATP regulation route, but the result was not as expected. Finally, the conditions of polyP6 addition were optimized in batch and fed-batch fermentations, and the maximum ε-PL production of strain PL05 in a 5-L fermenter was 59.25 g/L by fed-batch fermentation, which is the highest ε-PL production reported in genetically engineered strains. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, we proposed and developed a PPK-mediated ATP regeneration system in S. albulus for the first time and significantly enhanced ε-PL production. The study provides an efficient approach to improve the production of not only ε-PL but also other ATP-driven metabolites.


Assuntos
Trifosfato de Adenosina , Polilisina , Fermentação , Regeneração
9.
Sci Total Environ ; : 162861, 2023 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36931521

RESUMO

Short and medium-chain chlorinated paraffin (SCCP/MCCP) have been widely studied because of their extensive environmental hazards. In this study, product source toxicity, molecular source toxicity and food chain migration of SCCP and MCCP in multi-environmental media were comprehensively considered. The additive combination of SCCP and MCCP in the air, water and soil environment was adjusted, and PVC, PU and rubber products with the lowest source toxicity were screened. The source toxicity of SCCP and MCCP in the water environment was inhibited by design of the feed additive addition scheme (highest inhibition was 16.29 %), and the source toxicity of SCCP and MCCP in the soil environment was affected by different field management measures (highest inhibition was 38.22 %). A forage fertilizer addition plan, a cattle feed addition plan and a special population healthy complementary food regulation plan were developed to prevent the migration step by step and absorption of SCCP and MCCP in the terrestrial food chain. In addition, by means of density functional theory and analysis of key amino acid residues, the mechanism of toxicity difference between SCCP and MCCP was analyzed from the level of chemical interaction, and rationality of the inhibition scheme designed in this study was verified.

10.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202218924, 2023 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36932034

RESUMO

Electrochemical two-electron oxygen reduction reaction (2e- ORR) to produce hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is a promising alternative to the energetically intensive anthraquinone process. However, there remain challenges in designing 2e- ORR catalysts that meet the application criteria. Here, we successfully adopt a microwave-assisted mechanochemical-thermal approach to synthesize hexagonal phase SnO2 (h-SnO2) nanoribbons with largely exposed edge structures. In 0.1 M Na2SO4 electrolyte, the h-SnO2 catalysts achieve the excellent H2O2 selectivity of 99.99%. Moreover, when employing as the catalyst in flow cell device, they exhibit a high yield of 3885.26 mmol g-1 h-1. The enhanced catalytic performance is attributed to the special crystal structure and morphology, resulting in abundantly exposed edge active sites to convert O2 to H2O2 as confirmed by density functional theory calculations.

11.
ChemMedChem ; : e202200593, 2023 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36932053

RESUMO

Herein, a series of 11- or 12-substituted benzophenanthridinone derivatives was designed and synthesized for the discovery of dual topoisomerase IB (TOP1) and tyrosyl-DNA phosphodiesterase 1 (TDP1) inhibitors. Enzyme-based assays indicated that two compounds 12 and 38 showed high TOP1 inhibitory potency (+++), and four compounds 35, 37, 39 and 43 showed good TDP1 inhibition with IC50 values ranging from 10 to 18 µM. 38 could induce cellular TOP1cc formation, resulting in the highest cytotoxicity against HCT-116 cells (0.25 µM). The most potent TDP1 inhibitor 43 (10 µM) could induce cellular TDP1cc formation and enhance topotecan-induced DNA damage and showed strong synergistic cytotoxicity with topotecan in both MCF-7 and MCF-7/TDP1 cells.

12.
Phys Rev E ; 107(2-2): 025309, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36932571

RESUMO

In thermodynamic theory, the liquid-vapor fluids can be described by a single multiphase equation of state and the surface wettability is usually characterized by the surface free-energy density. In this work, we propose an equation-of-state-dependent surface free-energy density for the wettability of the liquid-vapor fluids on a solid surface, which can lead to a simple closed-form analytical expression for the contact angle. Meanwhile, the thermodynamically derived equilibrium condition is equivalent to the geometric formulation of the contact angle. To numerically validate the present surface free-energy density, the mesoscopic multiphase lattice Boltzmann model with self-tuning equation of state, which is strictly consistent with thermodynamic theory, is employed, and the two-dimensional wetting condition treatment is extended to the three-dimensional situation with flat and curved surfaces. Two- and three-dimensional lattice Boltzmann simulations of static droplets on flat and curved surfaces are first performed, and the obtained contact angles agree well with the closed-form analytical expression. Then, the three-dimensional lattice Boltzmann simulation of a moving droplet on an inclined wall, which is vertically and sinusoidally oscillated, is carried out. The dynamic contact angles well satisfy the Cox-Voinov law. The droplet movement regimes are consistent with previous experiments and two-dimensional simulations. The dependence of the droplet overall velocity with respect to the dimensionless oscillation strength is also discussed in detail.

13.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol ; 11: 1107633, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36923457

RESUMO

Introduction: The proper operation of wastewater treatment plants is a key factor in maintaining a stable river and lake environment. Low purification efficiency in winter is a common problem in high-altitude wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs), and analysis of the microbial community involved in the sewage treatment process at high-altitude can provide valuable references for improving this problem. Methods: In this study, the bacterial communities of high- and low-altitude WWTPs were investigated using Illumina high-throughput sequencing (HTS). The interaction between microbial community and environmental variables were explored by co-occurrence correlation network. Results: At genus level, Thauera (5.2%), unclassified_Rhodocyclaceae (3.0%), Dokdonella (2.5%), and Ferribacterium (2.5%) were the dominant genera in high-altitude group. The abundance of nitrogen and phosphorus removal bacteria were higher in high-altitude group (10.2% and 1.3%, respectively) than in low-altitude group (5.4% and 0.6%, respectively). Redundancy analysis (RDA) and co-occurrence network analysis showed that altitude, ultraviolet index (UVI), pH, dissolved oxygen (DO) and total nitrogen (TN) were the dominated environmental factors (p < 0.05) affecting microbial community assembly, and these five variables explained 21.4%, 20.3%, 16.9%, 11.5%, and 8.2% of the bacterial assembly of AS communities. Discussion: The community diversity of high-altitude group was lower than that of low-altitude group, and WWTPs of high-altitude aeras had a unique microbial community structure. Low temperature and strong UVI are pivotal factors contributing to the reduced diversity of activated sludge microbial communities at high-altitudes.

14.
Cancer Med ; 2023 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36924361

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Studies on robotic total gastrectomy (RTG) are currently limited. This study aimed to compare the intraoperative performance as well as short- and long-term outcomes of RTG and laparoscopic total gastrectomy (LTG). METHODS: A total of 969 patients underwent robotic (n = 161) or laparoscopic (n = 636) total gastrectomy between October 2014 and October 2021. The two groups of patients were matched 1:3 using the propensity score matching (PSM) method. The intraoperative performance as well as short- and long-term outcomes of the robotic (n = 147) and the laparoscopic (n = 371) groups were compared. RESULTS: After matching, the estimated intraoperative blood loss was lower (80.51 ± 68.77 vs. 89.89 ± 66.12, p = 0.008), and the total number of lymph node dissections was higher (34.74 ± 12.44 vs. 29.83 ± 12.22, p < 0.001) in the RTG group compared with the LTG group. More lymph node dissections at the upper edge of the pancreas were performed in the RTG group than in the LTG (12.59 ± 4.18 vs. 10.33 ± 4.58, p = 0.001). Additionally, postoperative recovery indicators and laboratory data were greater in the RTG group than those in the LTG group, while postoperative complications were comparable between the two groups (19.0% vs. 18.9%, p = 0.962). For overweight or obese patients with body mass indexes (BMIs) ≥25, certain clinical outcomes of the RTG remained advantageous, and no significant differences in three-year overall survival (OS) or relapse-free survival (RFS) were observed. CONCLUSIONS: Robotic total gastrectomy demonstrated better intraoperative performance, could improve the short-term clinical outcomes of patients, and was more conducive to patient recovery. However, the long-term efficacies of the two approaches were similar. Robotic surgical systems may reduce surgical stress responses in patients, allowing them to receive postoperative chemotherapy sooner.

15.
J Ethnopharmacol ; : 116349, 2023 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36924861

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Kunxian capsule (KXC) is a new traditional Chinese medicine drug included in "The key science and technology achievements" in the Ninth Five Year Plan of China. KXC has been clinically used for more than 10 years in the treatment of lupus nephritis (LN). However, the underlying role and molecular mechanism of KXC in LN remain unclear. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study aimed to explore the efficacy and potential mechanisms of KXC through pharmacological network, in vitro and in vivo studies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pharmacological network analysis of KXC treatment in LN was performed using data acquired from the Traditional Chinese Medicine System Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP, https://old.tcmsp-e.com/tcmsp.php) and NCBI Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/database). HK-2 cells were chosen as an in vitro model of the tubular immune response by simulation with interferon γ (IFN-γ). MRL/lpr mice were used to explore the mechanism of KXC in vivo. Finally, the specific active molecules of KXC were further analyzed by molecular docking. RESULTS: The pharmacological network analysis showed that STAT1 is a key factor in the effects of KXC. In vitro and in vivo experiments confirmed the therapeutic effect of KXC on LN renal function and tubular inflammation. The protective effect of KXC is mediated by STAT1 blockade, which further reduces T-cell infiltration and improves the renal microenvironment in LN. Two main components of KXC, Tripterygium hypoglaucum (H.Lév.) Hutch (Shanhaitang) and Epimedium brevicornu Maxim (Yinyanghuo) could block JAK1-STAT1 activation. Furthermore, we found 8 molecules that could bind to the ATP pocket of JAK1 with high affinities by performing docking analysis. CONCLUSIONS: KXC inhibits renal damage and T-cell infiltration in LN by blocking the JAK1-STAT1 pathway.

16.
BMC Med ; 21(1): 100, 2023 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36927437

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A global plan has been set to end human deaths from dog-mediated rabies by 2030 ("Zero-by-30"), but whether it could be achieved in some countries, such as China, remains unclear. Although elimination strategies through post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) use, dog vaccination, and patient risk assessments with integrated bite case management (IBCM) were proposed to be cost-effective, evidence is still lacking in China. We aim to evaluate the future burdens of dog-mediated human rabies deaths in the next decade and provide quantitative evidence on the cost-effectiveness of different rabies-control strategies in China. METHODS: Based on data from China's national human rabies surveillance system, we used decision-analytic modelling to estimate dog-mediated human rabies death trends in China till 2035. We simulated and compared the expected consequences and costs of different combination strategies of the status quo, improved access to PEP, mass dog vaccination, and use of IBCM. RESULTS: The predicted human rabies deaths in 2030 in China will be 308 (95%UI: 214-411) and remain stable in the next decade under the status quo. The strategy of improved PEP access alone could only decrease deaths to 212 (95%UI: 147-284) in 2028, remaining unchanged till 2035. In contrast, scaling up dog vaccination to coverage of 70% could eliminate rabies deaths by 2033 and prevent approximately 3,265 (95%UI: 2,477-3,687) extra deaths compared to the status quo during 2024-2035. Moreover, with the addition of IBCM, the "One Health" approach through mass dog vaccination could avoid unnecessary PEP use and substantially reduce total cost from 12.53 (95%UI: 11.71-13.34) to 8.73 (95%UI: 8.09-9.85) billion US dollars. Even if increasing the total costs of IBCM from 100 thousand to 652.10 million US dollars during 2024-2035, the combined strategy of mass dog vaccination and use of IBCM will still dominate, suggesting the robustness of our results. CONCLUSIONS: The combined strategy of mass dog vaccination and IBCM requires collaboration between health and livestock/veterinary sectors, and it could eliminate Chinese rabies deaths as early as 2033, with more deaths averted and less cost, indicating that adding IBCM could reduce unnecessary use of PEP and make the "One Health" rabies-control strategy most cost-effective.

17.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(5)2023 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36902404

RESUMO

As a kind of plant-specific transcription factor (TF), DNA-Binding One Zinc Finger (Dof) is widely involved in the response to environmental change, and as an evolutionarily important perennial plant species, Akebia trifoliata is ideal for studying environmental adaptation. In this study, a total of 41 AktDofs were identified in the A. trifoliata genome. First, the characteristics, including the length, exon number, and chromosomal distribution of the AktDofs and the isoelectric point (PI), amino acid number, molecular weight (MW), and conserved motifs of their putative proteins, were reported. Second, we found that all AktDofs evolutionarily underwent strong purifying selection, and many (33, 80.5%) of them were generated by whole-genome duplication (WGD). Third, we outlined their expression profiles by the use of available transcriptomic data and RT-qPCR analysis. Finally, we identified four candidate genes (AktDof21, AktDof20, AktDof36, and AktDof17) and three other candidate genes (AktDof26, AktDof16, and AktDof12) that respond to long day (LD) and darkness, respectively, and that are closely associated with phytohormone-regulating pathways. Overall, this research is the first to identify and characterize the AktDofs family and is very helpful for further research on A. trifoliata adaptation to environmental factors, especially photoperiod changes.


Assuntos
Reguladores de Crescimento de Plantas , Fatores de Transcrição , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Fotoperíodo , Filogenia , Dedos de Zinco , Plantas/metabolismo , DNA , Proteínas de Plantas/genética
18.
Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes ; 16: 607-617, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36909348

RESUMO

Background: Previous studies have reported the diagnostic values of multiple obesity indicators for predicting the risk of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. However, the diagnostic values of obesity indicators for predicting the risk of metabolic dysfunction-associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD) in early postmenopausal women is still unknown. Therefore, this study investigated the predictive values of common obesity indices for estimating the risk of MAFLD in early postmenopausal Chinese women. Methods: This study enrolled 2514 early postmenopausal women, aged between 45 and 55 years, who underwent abdominal ultrasonography examination at the Health examination center of the Huadong Sanatorium between June 2021 and December 2021. The values for six obesity indices, namely, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), body adiposity index (BAI), and Chinese visceral adiposity index (CVAI) were extracted from the medical records. Results: Our data showed that all the six obesity indices were significantly associated with the risk of MAFLD (P < 0.05) in the obese subjects and five obesity indices except for BAI were significantly associated with the risk of MAFLD (P < 0.05) in the lean subjects. The six obesity indices showed a linear relationship with the risk of MAFLD (all P-values > 0.05). The ORs for the obesity indices with the exception of BAI showed proportional increase with the risk of MAFLD in the lean subjects. CVAI was the strongest predictor of the risk of MAFLD in both lean (AUC=0.868) and overweight/obese subjects (AUC=0.704) among the early postmenopausal women. Conclusion: This study demonstrated that all the obesity indices were associated with an increased risk of MAFLD in the obese subjects and five obesity indices except for BAI were associated with an increased risk of MAFLD in the lean subjects among the early postmenopausal women. CVAI showed the strongest predictive performance in estimating the risk of MAFLD among early menopausal women.

19.
RSC Adv ; 13(12): 7848-7856, 2023 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36909765

RESUMO

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are a class of ubiquitous and persistent organic compounds that are significantly teratogenic, carcinogenic and mutagenic. Rubber stoppers commonly used in sterile formulation packaging materials often contain carbon black as the additive to enhance mechanical strength. However, PAHs may be formed during the production of carbon black, which could cause the drug formulations to be contaminated when contacting with the rubber stopper, and then enter the patient's body. The determination of PAHs in drug formulations is challenging, due to their trace amounts and matrix interference. Therefore, sample pretreatment is necessary and important. In this work, a novel technique, named in-vial solid-phase extraction (IVSPE), was developed for the selective extraction and enrichment of 16 PAHs in pharmaceuticals. The coated sample vial was directly used as the container for the whole process of sample pretreatment. As the solid-phase adsorbent, the coating was prepared by successively modifying the inner surface of a sample vial with polydopamine film and octadecylamine. PAHs could be selectively extracted through π-π stacking interaction and hydrophobic interaction, and then desorbed and enriched by a small amount of organic solvent. After systematic optimization of the coating preparation and the extraction process, the limits of detection and quantification of 16 PAHs were in the range of 0.002-0.60 ng mL-1 and 0.007-2.00 ng mL-1, respectively. Good linearities and precision of six repeated injections were obtained. The recoveries at three spiked concentration levels in normal saline were in the range of 62.72-106.90% with the relative standard deviation between 0.83% and 6.78%. Finally, PAHs in normal saline and powders for injection were extracted by established IVSPE, followed by separation and detection with high-performance liquid chromatography with a fluorescence detector and diode array detector (HPLC-FLD/DAD). It is worth noting that the preparation conditions of the adsorbent in the IVSPE method are mild, simple and green. Moreover, IVSPE has the advantages of having few work steps and avoiding the risk of contamination, because no special instrumentation or sample transfer is required. IVSPE could also be used for the pretreatment of multiple samples at the same time, which is beneficial to practical applications.

20.
Brain Res ; 1807: 148309, 2023 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36870465

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Recent evidence indicates that hippocampus is important for conditioned fear memory (CFM). Though few studies consider the roles of various cell types' contribution to such a process, as well as the accompanying transcriptome changes during this process. The purpose of this study was to explore the transcriptional regulatory genes and the targeted cells that are altered by CFM reconsolidation. METHODS: A fear conditioning experiment was established on adult male C57 mice, after day 3 tone-cued CFM reconsolidation test, hippocampus cells were dissociated. Using single cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) technique, alterations of transcriptional genes expression were detected and cell cluster analysis were performed and compared with those in sham group. RESULTS: Seven non-neuronal and eight neuronal cell clusters (including four known neurons and four newly identified neuronal subtypes) has been explored. Among them, CA subtype 1 has characteristic gene markers of Ttr and Ptgds, which is speculated to be the outcome of acute stress and promotes the production of CFM. The results of KEGG pathway enrichment indicate the differences in the expression of certain molecular protein functional subunits in long-term potentiation (LTP) pathway between two types of neurons (DG and CA1) and astrocytes, thus providing a new transcriptional perspective for the role of hippocampus in the CFM reconsolidation. More importantly, the correlation between the reconsolidation of CFM and neurodegenerative diseases-linked genes is substantiated by the results from cell-cell interactions and KEGG pathway enrichment. Further analysis shows that the reconsolidation of CFM inhibits the risk-factor genes App and ApoE in Alzheimer's Disease (AD) and activates the protective gene Lrp1. CONCLUSIONS: This study reports the transcriptional genes expression changes of hippocampal cells driven by CFM, which confirm the involvement of LTP pathway and suggest the possibility of CFM-like behavior in preventing AD. However, the current research is limited to normal C57 mice, and further studies on AD model mice are needed to prove this preliminary conclusion.

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