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1.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(12): 3024-3033, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467692

RESUMO

To explore the potential effective components and mechanism of Zhishe Tongluo Capsules in the treatment of ischemic stroke via network pharmacology, molecular docking and cellular experiment. The chemical constituents of Zhishe Tongluo Capsules were found by TCMSP, BATMAN-TCM and literatures. The constituents-target network was predicted by BATMAN-TCM database. Key words such as cerebral stroke, ischemic stroke and cerebral ischemic stroke were used to search ischemic stroke related targets, and then Venny Map was constructed based on the targets of traditional Chinese medicine and the targets of ischemic stroke. The overlapping targets were imported into STRING database to establish the interaction network. Furthermore, the core targets were screened out by Cytoscape software. Go and KEGG enrichment analysis were performed through DVIAD database. The results showed a total of 193 potential chemical constituents, 985 drug targets and 6 035 disease targets. There were 631 potential targets, 44 core targets and 55 potential active components for treating ischemic stroke through Venny mapping. GO enrichment analysis mainly involved response to hypoxia and positive regulation of ERK1/ERK2. KEGG pathway enrichment analysis mainly involved cholinergic synapse, cAMP signaling pathway, and calcium signaling pathway. Molecular docking data revealed that TP53, EGFR, IL6, INS, TNF and SRC had a good capability to bind with their corresponding active components. To ensure the protective effect Zhishe Tongluo Capsules on the inflammation reaction, an in vitro model of lipopolysaccharide(LPS)-induced RAW264.7 cells was built. The contents of IL-1α, IL-1ß, IL-6 and TNF-α in the supernatant were significantly decreased by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). The findings suggested that Zhishe Tongluo Capsules could prevent the injury of ischemic stroke by inhibiting the inflammation.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , AVC Isquêmico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Isquemia Encefálica/tratamento farmacológico , Cápsulas , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico
2.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(14): 3465-3477, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34402268

RESUMO

High fat diet induced hyperlipidemia hamster model was used to explore the anti-hyperlipidemia effect of water extract of Moringa oleifera leaves( WEMOL). On this basis,the possible action mechanism was predicted by network pharmacology. Golden hamsters were randomly divided into normal diet group( NFD),high-fat diet group( HFD),simvastatin group,high dose group of WEMOL( HIWEMOL) and low dose group of WEMOL( LOWEMOL). The model was administered simultaneously for 66 days,during which the body weight changes of hamsters were recorded. At the end of the experiment,serum lipid level and serum transaminase level of golden hamsters in each group were detected,and the pathological changes of liver were observed by hematoxylin-eosin( HE) staining. The results showed that WEMOL could significantly decrease the serum total cholesterol( TC),total triglyceride( TG),low density lipoprotein cholesterol( LDL-c) levels,and reduce the lipid deposition in liver tissue,thus improving the hyperlipidemia of golden hamsters. According to the prediction of network pharmacology,219 targets of potential active components of M.oleifera leaves and 185 targets of water-soluble potential active components of M. oleifera leaves for the treatment of hyperlipidemia were obtained separately. The MCODE analysis was performed on the PPI network of 219 targets and 185 targets obtained above and got five and four clusters respectively. The signaling pathway analysis of clusters showed that among the common pathways,nonalcoholic fatty liver,insulin resistance,MAPK signaling pathway,estrogen signaling pathway,cell apoptosis and HIF-1 signaling pathway were associated with hyperlipidemia. In addition,the potential active components of M. oleifera leaves could also inhibit the metabolic inflammation of hyperlipidemia by modulating complement and coagulation cascades signaling pathway,and GSK3 B,F2,AKT1,RELA,SERPINE1 might be the key targets. The water-soluble potential active components of M. oliefera leaves could modulate lipid metabolism by modulating AMPK signaling pathway and JAK-STAT signaling pathway,with PIK3 CB,PIK3 CA,CASP3,AKT1 and BCL2 as the key targets. These results suggested that WEMOL had anti hyperlipidemia effect,and its mechanism might be related to the protein expression regulation of lipid metabolism,nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and atherosclerosis related signaling pathways.


Assuntos
Hiperlipidemias , Moringa oleifera , Animais , Cricetinae , Dieta Hiperlipídica , Quinase 3 da Glicogênio Sintase , Hiperlipidemias/tratamento farmacológico , Fígado , Folhas de Planta
3.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(14): 3455-3464, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34402267

RESUMO

Chinese materia medica( CMM) serves as an important cornerstone for the development of traditional Chinese medicine( TCM) culture and industry due to its unique ecological,medical,economic,scientific and technological,and cultural values. The supply shortage and unstable quality of some CMM resources have hindered the development of TCM. Ensuring the sustainable use of CMM resources has become essential for the development of TCM in China. Enriching CMM resources is the key to ensuring the sustainable utilization of TCM resources in China,which can be achieved via expanding the medicinal parts,developing the substitutes,seeking for analogues,exploring the ethnic and folk medicines,or introducing foreign medicinal materials. CMM efficacy or function positioning plays a very important role in the transformation of new CMM resources. The strategies and methods for efficacy or function positioning of new CMM resources,including analogy,plant genetic relationship exploration,medicinal property deduction,ethnobotanical investigation,text mining,network pharmacology,and structure-activity relationship exploration,were systematically proposed in this study based on CMM theory,textual research,and modern methodologies. This paper is expected to provide a theoretical reference for the continuous enrichment and development of CMM resources and the high-quality development of TCM culture and industry.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Materia Medica , China , Mineração de Dados , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa
4.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(10): 2424-2433, 2021 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34047086

RESUMO

Pharmacology network was used to investigate the common key target and signaling pathway of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma in the protection against diabetic nephropathy(DN), diabetic encephalopathy(DE) and diabetic cardiomyopathy(DCM). The chemical components of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma were obtained through TCMSP database and literature mining, and SwissTargetPrediction database was used to predict potential targets of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma. The disease targets of DN, DE and DCM were obtained through OMIM and GeneCards databases. The overlapped targets of component targets and disease targets of DN, DE and DCM were obtained, and the network of "chemical component-target-disease" was established. The enriched GO and KEGG of the overlapped genes were investigated by using ClueGo plug-in with Cytoscape. At the same time, the PPI network was constructed through STRING database, and the common key targets for the treatment of three diseases by Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma were obtained through topological parametric mathematical analysis by Cytoscape. A total of 166 chemical components and 835 component targets were screened out from Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma. Briefly, 216, 194 and 230 disease targets of DN, DE and DCM were collected, respectively. And 54, 45 and 57 overlapped targets were identified when overlapping these disease targets with component targets of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma, respectively. Enrichment analysis indicated that the AGE-RAGE signaling pathway and FoxO signaling pathway were the common pathways in the protection of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma against DN, DE and DCM. Network analysis of the overlapped targets showed that TNF, STAT3, IL6, VEGFA, MAPK8, CASP3 and SIRT1 were identified as key targets of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma against DN, DE and DCM, the selected key targets were verified by literature review, and it was found that TNF, IL6, VEGFA, CASP3 and SIRT1 had been reported in the literature. In addition, there were the most compounds corresponding to the commom core target STAT3, indicating that more compounds in Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma could regulate STAT3. This study indicated that Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma potentially protected against DN, DE and DCM through regulating AGE-RAGE signaling pathway and FoxO signaling pathway and 7 common targets including TNF, STAT3, IL6, VEGFA, MAPK8, CASP3 and SIRT1. This study provided a reference for the research of "different diseases with same treatment" and also elucidated the potential mechanism of Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma against DN, DE and DCM.


Assuntos
Encefalopatias , Diabetes Mellitus , Cardiomiopatias Diabéticas , Nefropatias Diabéticas , Cardiomiopatias Diabéticas/tratamento farmacológico , Cardiomiopatias Diabéticas/genética , Nefropatias Diabéticas/tratamento farmacológico , Nefropatias Diabéticas/genética , Humanos , Projetos de Pesquisa , Transdução de Sinais
5.
J Nat Prod ; 84(6): 1772-1779, 2021 06 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34033480

RESUMO

Induced water hyacinth with purple roots (PRWH) exerts a significant inhibitory effect on the growth of blue-green algae. Interestingly, its chemical constituents differ from those of wild-type water hyacinth and have not yet been reported. This study aimed to explore the chemical constituents of PRWH and its bioactive components serving as allelopathic agents against blue-green algae. Phytochemical investigation of the bioactive ethyl acetate fraction of a crude methanol extract from PRWH led to the isolation of 56 compounds, including 11 new phenylphenalene derivatives. The structures of these compounds were elucidated by comprehensive analyses through NMR, HRMS, and X-ray techniques. Bioactivity evaluation against Microcystis aeruginosa indicated that compounds 7, 12, 15, 37, 39, 45, and 47 potently inhibited blue-green algae growth.

6.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(7): 1846-1850, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33982490

RESUMO

Indication and functions is an important key information in the research and development of the ancient classical formulas, which directly affects the clinical positioning of the compound formulas and their reasonable, effective and safe use after marke-ting. It is also the embodiment of the ultimate vitality of ancient classical formulas. Due to the particularity of ancient classical formulas, it is of great significance to accurately define and describe the functions and indications of classical formulas to exert their unqiue advantages. Based on the analysis of the provenances, classification of clinical indications, and functions of 100 prescriptions in the Catalogue of Ancient Classical Formulas(First Batch), this paper summarized the incompleteness, irregularity and inconsistency in the original text, the differences in terminology between ancient and modern times, and the evolution of the meanings of prescriptions in different dynasties. In addition, under the guidance of the general principle of textual researh on ancient classical formulas, which is to inherit the essence, make the past serve the present, link up the past and the present, and bulid consensus, this paper proposed the following ideas: respecting the original meanings and provenances of ancient classical formulas, taking full consideration of the development and evolution, serving the current clinical application and health needs, accurately linking up the ancient and modern terminologies, standardizing the expression of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) terminology, highlighting the characteristics of TCM, attaching importance to the textual research principles and suggestions of post-marketing evidence-based and clinical positioning research, so as to determine the the functions and indications of the ancient classical formulas in a scientific, standardized and reasonable way and better guide the clinical application of the classical formulas.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Óleos Voláteis , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Prescrições
7.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(5): 1284-1292, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33787124

RESUMO

It is the core of the development for Chinese patent medicine enterprises to cultivate large varieties of Chinese patent medicine, and the selection of potential "seed" products is the prerequisite for the cultivation strategy. By constructing the evaluation model from multiple dimensions of value and risk, we can conduct specialized evaluation of Chinese patent medicines to effectively, professionally and objectively select the "seed" products with large variety cultivation potential. In this paper, the establishment of a multidimensional evaluation system would be discussed from the aspects of drug naming and prescription composition, safety risk and supply guarantee of raw materials and medicinal materials, competition situation, access to policy catalogue, scientific and technological support, clinical evidence and recognition, systematical and standardized collection of information on product instructions, quality standards, policy catalogue, scientific and technological literature, market competition and clinical application of Chinese patent medicines. Through the objective evaluation index and the range of objective index, the multi-dimensional evaluation model on values and risks of Chinese patent medicine products was discussed. Based on this model, a batch of Chinese patent medicine products can be quickly and comprehensively analyzed, and quantitative comparison can be formed among different types and fields of products. According to the evaluation results of the model and the comprehensive evaluation of experts, high-quality "seed" products can be selec-ted, laying a solid foundation for the next step of large variety cultivation. With use of this model, we can further clarify the external competitive advantages and internal priority levels of each product, and provide support for enterprises to optimize product structure and improve product strategic layout.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , China , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/efeitos adversos , Medicamentos sem Prescrição/efeitos adversos , Controle de Qualidade
8.
Chin J Integr Med ; 27(5): 388-393, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32661660

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the evolution of herbal medicine in treating tuberculosis (TB) and encourage anti-TB drug discovery and development. METHODS: In this study, 477 ancient traditional Chinese medicine formulae were collected from the Dictionary of Traditional Chinese Medicine Prescriptions and 172 modern Chinese medicine formulae (from 1986 to 2016) were collected by searching 4 databases: WanFang Data Knowledge Service Platform, China National Knowledge Infrastructure Database (CNKI), China Science and Technology Journal Database (VIP) and Chinese Bio-medical Literature and Retrieval System (SinoMed) in Chinese. We restricted the search to publications in Chinese. Further data analysis was done using the Traditional Chinese Medicine Inheritance Support System version 2 Software. RESULTS: There were 425 herbs in the 477 ancient formulae and 257 herbs in the 172 modern formulae. Half of the top 30 herbs were shared by both modern and ancient prescriptions. They are Radix Ophiopogonis, Astragalus membranaceus, Fritillaria cirrhosa, Dried rehmannia glutinosa, Poria cocos, Angelica sinensis, Prepared rehmannia glutinosa, Platycodon Root, Radix paeoniae alba, Schisandra chinensis, Bighead atractylodes rhizome, Rhizoma anemarrhenae, Cortex lycii radicis and Radix Scutellariae. Only two groups of herbs with a high correlation coefficient were found in both modern and ancient prescriptions, the Dried rehmannia glutinosa with Radix ophiopogonis, and Radix ophiopogonis with Prepared rehmannia glutinosa. There were 9 and 15 core herb combinations in modern and ancient prescriptions, respectively, but no one was found simutaniously in both modern and ancient prescriptions. CONCLUSIONS: Although there were wide variations in the herb groups and herb combinations in the formulae, half of the top 30 herbs were found in both modern and ancient prescriptions. The core herb combinations in modern and ancient prescriptions could help us to improve the priscription for treatment of TB.

9.
Steroids ; 166: 108774, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33285175

RESUMO

Giosgenin is a naturally steroidal saponin exhibiting a variety of biological activities including antitumor ones. A series of novel diosgenyl quaternary ammonium derivatives were designed and synthesized to develop potential anti-tumor agents in our research. All novel derivatives were characterized by 1H NMR, 13C NMR and HR-MS, and evaluated for their in vitro anti-proliferative activities using MTT assay. The human cancer cell lines were A549 (Human lung cancer cell), H1975 (Human lung adenocarcinoma cell), A431 (Human skin squamous cell carcinoma), HCT-116 (Human colorectal adenocarcinoma cell), Aspc-1 (Human metastatic pancreatic cancer cell), Ramos (Human B lymphoma cell), HBE (Human bronchial epithelioid cell) and LO2 (Human normal hepatocyte).

10.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 31(9): 3101-3110, 2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33345512

RESUMO

We examined the effects of biochar and effective mircoorganisms (EM) application on growth and photosynthetic characteristics of Sesbania cannabina in the Yellow River Delta, by a pot experiment with different EM treatments (without EM addition, EM-; with EM addition, EM+) and a gradient of biochar treatments (0, B0; 0.5%, B1; 1.5%, B2; 3%, B3; biochar weight/soil weight). The growth parameters, photosynthetic light response curve and chlorophyll fluorescence characteristics of S. cannabina were measured. The results showed that the EM+B3 treatment had the best effect among all the treatments. Compared with the EM-B0 treatment, the EM+B3 treatment increased height, stem diameter, and total biomass by 69.5%, 90.0% and 141.1%, respectively. Biochar and EM significantly improved photosynthetic capacity. Compared with the EM-B0 treatment, the EM+B3 treatment significantly enhanced the maximum light response of net photosynthetic rate, transpiration rate, water use efficiency, and stomatal conductance by 93.8%, 35.1%, 43.4%, and 34.8%, respectively. Biochar and EM improved the parameters of chlorophyll fluorescence. Compared with the EM-B0 treatment, the EM+B3 treatment significantly increased the potential photochemical efficiency, the actual photochemical efficiency, the apparent electron transport rate and the non-photochemical quenching coefficient by 25.8%, 31.5%, 37.2%, and 56.8%, respectively. The parameters of growth, photosynthesis and chlorophyll fluorescence increased with the increasing biochar under EM+ treatments, whereas the B3 treatment had negative effect under EM- treatments. The co-addition of EM and 3% biochar (EM+B3) could improve the photosynthetic capacity and chlorophyll fluorescence characteristics of S. cannabina, broaden light ecological amplitude, boost the water retention and drought resistance property, and promote the growth of S. cannabina.


Assuntos
Sesbania , Solo , Álcalis , Carvão Vegetal , China , Clorofila , Fluorescência , Fotossíntese , Folhas de Planta , Rios
11.
J Atheroscler Thromb ; 2020 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33162421

RESUMO

AIMS: Although chronic kidney disease is recognized as an independent risk factor for cerebrovascular disease, its association with hemorrhagic and ischemic stroke remains controversial. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using the National Health Insurance Service-National Sample Cohort, which is representative of the Korean population. A total of 195,772 Koreans who were not diagnosed with stroke before 2009 were included in this study from 2009 to 2013. The eGFR was divided into six categories (≥ 90, 75-89, 60-74, 45-59, 30-44, <30 mL/min/1.73 m2). The Kaplan-Meier plot was illustrated to compare the incidence of stroke. Cox proportional hazard model was used to estimate the hazard ratio (HR) of eGFR for risk of ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke by sex. RESULTS: During an average of 4.36 years of follow-up period, 2,236 and 668 people were diagnosed with newly ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke, respectively. Age-adjusted incidence rate for ischemic stroke among people with eGFR <45 mL/min/1.73 m2 was higher than those with eGFR ≥ 90 mL/min/1.73 m2, whereas that for hemorrhagic stroke among people with eGFR ≥ 90 mL/min/1.73 m2 was higher than those with eGFR <45 mL/min/1.73 m2. After adjusting for multiple covariates, the adjusted HR for ischemic stroke increased with decreasing eGFR in men (p for trend <0.001), but not in women (p for trend=0.48). On the other hand, there was no significant relationship between eGFR and risk of hemorrhagic stroke in both men and women. CONCLUSIONS: Reduced glomerular filtration rate less than 45 mL/min/1.73 m2 was associated with an increased risk of ischemic stroke, especially in men.

12.
Food Funct ; 11(12): 10839-10851, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33241234

RESUMO

Antibiotic-associated diarrhea (AAD) is typically mediated by antibiotic therapy, which has increased in prevalence in recent years. Previous studies have suggested that ginger, a common spice and herbal medicine, can modulate the composition of gut microbiota and is beneficial against gastrointestinal disease. This study investigates the therapeutic effects of fresh ginger extract on AAD in a rat model. Gut microbiota and intestinal barrier function were also studied. Ginger was administered to rats with AAD. Diarrhea symptoms were assessed, and 16s rRNA sequencing analysis of gut microbiota was performed. An AAD model was successfully established, and ginger was found to effectively ameliorate AAD-related diarrhea symptoms. After the intervention of ginger decoction, the diversity (rather than richness) of gut microbiota was significantly improved, and the gut microbiota recovery was accelerated. At the genus level, Escherichia_Shigella and Bacteroides levels decreased and increased the most, respectively. Additionally, these changes were demonstrated to be coincidental with the moderate restoration of intestinal barrier function, especially the restoration of tight junction protein ZO-1. Our data indicate that ginger could restore gut microbiota and intestinal barrier function during alleviation of AAD.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Trato Gastrointestinal/microbiologia , Gengibre/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Animais , Bactérias/classificação , Bactérias/genética , Colo/patologia , Defecação , Diarreia , Trato Gastrointestinal/patologia , Masculino , RNA Ribossômico 16S , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Proteína da Zônula de Oclusão-1/metabolismo
13.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(12): 2800-2807, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32627453

RESUMO

Moringa has a long history of edible and medicinal use in foreign countries, this paper collected and sorted out the traditional application of Moringa recorded in the ancient medical books and historical materials of countries and regions along the ancient Silk Road. According to preliminary research, the earliest record of Moringa in China can be traced back to The Bower Manuscript(volume Ⅱ)(about the 4 th-6 th century A.D.) unearthed in Kuqa, Xinjiang. Around the 8 th century, with the communication between countries along the ancient Silk Road becoming prosperous, more and more medical books containing Moringa and its prescriptions were introduced to Tibet, Xinjiang and other places in today's China. The leaves, root bark, seeds and stem bark of Moringa all can be used for medicinal purposes and are recorded in The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India(API). Among them, Moringa leaves have been approved as a new resource food in China. According to the API, it is of cold property and sweet taste, its post-digestive effect is sweet and has the functions of removing wind, bile and fat, relieving pain, killing abdominal worms, moistening skin, brightening eyes and clearing brain. It can be used to treat edema, parasitic diseases, spleen diseases, abscess, tumor, pharyngeal swelling and other diseases. This study explored and organized the historical evidence of communication through the Silk Road and traditional application records of Moringa, in order to provide the evidence of traditional medicine basis, medicine property and efficacy application reference for the realization of the introduction of Moringa as a new resource of traditional Chinese medicine.


Assuntos
Moringa , China , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Medicina Tradicional , Tibet
14.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(13): 3028-3034, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32726008

RESUMO

With the global outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19), screening of effective drugs has became the emphasis of research today; furthermore, screening of Chinese classic prescriptions has became one of the directions for drug development. This study analyzed the application of classic prescriptions in the diagnosis and treatment schemes based on the Diagnosis and Treatment Schemes for Coronavirus Disease at the country, provincial and municipal levels, and further explored its disrobing effect on COVID-19 disease severe phase network, and selected representative prescriptions for core target screening and gene enrichment analysis, so as to reveal its mechanism of action. Among them, 13 prescriptions were found to be used for 10 times or more, including Maxing Shigan Tang, Yinqiao San, Shengjiang San, Dayuan Drink, Xuanbai Chengqi Decoction. In addition, the COVID-19 efficacy prediction analysis platform(TCMATCOV platform) was used to calculate the network disturbances of the Chinese classic prescriptions involved. Based on the prediction results, 68 classic prescriptions were assessed on the COVID-19 disease network robustness disturbance. The average disturbance scores for the interaction confidence scores were ranked to be 0.4, 0.5, and 0.6 from the highest to the lowest. There were 7 prescriptions with a score of 17 or more, and 50 prescriptions with a score of 13 or more. Among them, the top three prescriptions were Ganlu Xiaodu Dan(18.19), Lengxiao Wan(17.74), and Maxing Shigan Tang(17.62). After further mining the action targets of these three prescriptions, it was found that COVID-19 disease-specific factors Ccl2, IL10, IL6 and TNF were all the targets of three prescriptions. Through the enrichment analysis of the biological processes of the core targets, it was found that the three prescriptions may prevent the development of the disease by affecting cell-to-cell adhesion, cytokine-mediated signaling pathway, and chronic inflammatory responses to COVID-19 at the severe phase. This study showed that the TCMATCOV platform could evaluate the disturbance effect of different prescriptions on the COVID-19 disease network, and predict potential effectiveness based on the robustness of drug-interfered pneumonia disease networks, so as to provide a reference for further experiments or clinical verification.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , COVID-19 , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , SARS-CoV-2
15.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(13): 3045-3054, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32726010

RESUMO

Ischemic stroke is the most common form of stroke and one of the main diseases leading to death and disability in the world. Its pathological process is complex and changeable as a result of the interaction of multiple pathological links, such as oxidative stress, apoptosis and inflammation. Traditional Chinese medicine Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma is the dried roots and rhizomes of Panax notoginseng. In clinic, it is mainly used for the treatment of diseases of cardio-cerebral system and vascular system. Recent studies have shown that total saponins of P. notoginseng, the main active ingredients of P. notoginseng against cerebral ischemia, are complex, and can interfere with the enzyme-promoted cascade reaction through multiple pathways, multiple links and multiple targets, so as to exert its physiological effect. Therefore, it has become a hotspot in studies for prevention and treatment of cerebral ischemia. At present, a great advance has been made in studies on the mechanism of anti-cerebral ischemia of P. notoginseng saponins, but more in-depth studies are needed because of its complex mechanism. Therefore, in this paper, a total of 165 kinds of P. notoginseng saponins were summarized, and simply divided into protopanaxadiol saponins(55 species), protopanaxadiol saponins(37 species) and special structural type saponins(73 species) according to their structural types, so as to provide reference for further studies of P. notoginseng saponins. In addition, the effect of P. notoginseng on cerebral ischemia is clear, but its mechanism remains to be further explored. This paper summarizes the mechanism of P. notoginseng saponins against cerebral ischemia in five aspects: antioxidant stress, reduction of apoptosis, reduction of inflammatory reaction, inhibition of calcium overload and protection of blood-brain barrier. Four kinds of drugs commonly used in the treatment of cerebral ischemia were summarized, in order to provide a theoretical basis for further development and utilization of P. notoginseng saponins in the treatment of cerebral ischemia.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , Panax notoginseng , Saponinas , Infarto Cerebral , Humanos , Rizoma
16.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(10): 2257-2264, 2020 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32495578

RESUMO

There is urgent need to discover effective traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) for treating coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19). The development of a bioinformatic tool is beneficial to predict the efficacy of TCM against COVID-19. Here we deve-loped a prediction platform TCMATCOV to predict the efficacy of the anti-coronavirus pneumonia effect of TCM, based on the interaction network imitating the disease network of COVID-19. This COVID-19 network model was constructed by protein-protein interactions of differentially expressed genes in mouse pneumonia caused by SARS-CoV and cytokines specifically up-regulated by COVID-19. TCMATCOV adopted quantitative evaluation algorithm of disease network disturbance after multi-target drug attack to predict potential drug effects. Based on the TCMATCOV platform, 106 TCM were calculated and predicted. Among them, the TCM with a high disturbance score account for a high proportion of the classic anti-COVID-19 prescriptions used by clinicians, suggesting that TCMATCOV has a good prediction ability to discover the effective TCM. The five flavors of Chinese medicine with a disturbance score greater than 1 are mainly spicy and bitter. The main meridian of these TCM is lung, heart, spleen, liver, and stomach meridian. The TCM related with QI and warm TCM have higher disturbance score. As a prediction tool for anti-COVID-19 TCM prescription, TCMATCOV platform possesses the potential to discovery possible effective TCM against COVID-19.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Animais , COVID-19 , Biologia Computacional , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Camundongos , SARS-CoV-2
17.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(7): 1707-1716, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32489053

RESUMO

Through consulting the ancient herbs and medical books, combining with modern literature, this paper makes textual research on herbal medicine, and textual research on the name, origin, position and harvest and processing changes of the medicinal herbs in ancient classical prescriptions. According to research, Cinnamon medicinal materials were first listed in the Shennong's Herbal Classic, as the name of "Jungui" and "Mugui". Among them, Jungui has undergone the evolution of "Qungui-Jungui-Tonggui-Jungui". After the Northern and Southern Dynasties, a half-volume fatty "Gui" was added, but the usage of the three was no different. The names of Cinnamomi Ramulus and Cinnamomi Cortex did not appear until the Tang Dynasty, and they were preferably thick-skinned and with no cork cambium, and they were mostly used in the name of "Guixin"; Since the Song and Yuan Dynasties, the medicinal parts of cassia have gradually separated. Cinnamomi Cortex is the trunk bark of sapling or branch bark, the twig is Cinnamomi Ramulus, and the tenderest twig is Liugui, Song Dynasty unified the name as "Guizhi"; After the Ming and Qing Dynasties, Cinnamomi Cortex was used as the trunk bark, and Cinnamomi Ramulus was used as the tender twig; In modern times, the Chinese Pharmacopoeia stipulates that the Cinnamomi Ramulus is the young branch of C. cassia, which is Cinnamomum, and Cinnamomi Cortex was the dried trunk bark. From the plant morphology recorded in the previous herbals and the drawings, combined with the distribution of the origins described in the previous herbals, the mainstream plant used as a medicine in the past generations should be C. cassia, but there are other sect. Cinnamomum plants that are also used in medicine everywhere, such as C. chekiangensis, C. bejolghota, C. wilsonii, etc. Throughout the ages, different plant morphologies and medicinal traits have been used to distinguish different categories. The origins of the past dynasties are mostly present in Guangdong, Guangxi province and Vietnam, and are regarded as authentic. The methods for the harvest and processing of cinnamon medicinal materials are basically the same from ancient to modern times.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Plantas Medicinais , China , Medicina Herbária , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Fitoterapia , Vietnã
18.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(8): 1800-1807, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32489063

RESUMO

The difference in pharmacological activities and active components between leaves, barks and flowers of Eucommia ulmoides(EU) are still unclear. However, clarifying the differences in pharmacological effects of different parts of EU is of great significance for the development of EU products, and their corresponding active components provide basis for quality control of different parts of EU. Based on the chemical compositions of different parts of EU, integrated strategy of target prediction and target analysis of the compounds was used to investigate the difference in the pharmacological effects of leaves, barks and followers. The "component-target-function" association network was constructed to mine the specific material basis corresponding to specific efficacy of different parts of EU. In this study, the author found that EU may have the activities of anti-oxidation, neuromodulation, blood pressure regulation, myo-cardial expansion, and anti-apoptosis according to target prediction and function analysis. However, the effects of different parts of EU were different. Leaves were involved in the process of bone development such as osteoblast differentiation and bone mineralization in a specific way. In addition, the leaves may affect the process of bone development by regulating the metabolism of vitamin D and affecting the absorption of calcium. Leaves may also specifically act on estrogen and estradiol response processes where estrogen receptors were involved. Regarding its protective function for the liver, leaves may play a role by regulating vitamin A-related pathways. As compared with leaves, the specific pharmacological effects of barks may be related to the development of the urinary system. Flowers specifically participate in functions related to pain sensation, glutamate signaling pathway, and excitatory postsynaptic potential. Based on the hie-rarchical network of "component-target-pathway", we further found that specific activities of different parts of EU were inseparable from its specific chemical compositions. Phenylpropanoids, terpenoids and rings, iridoids, flavonoids and other components which are specific in leaves can target the specific effects of leaves, while the flavonoids in barks and the quinones in flowers may be the material basis for their respective specific effects. The prediction of the activities of different parts of EU provides a new basis for the focuses and differences in subsequent Eucommia product development. At the same time, the material basis research based on differential efficacy also provides a basis for the quality control of Eucommia differentiated products.


Assuntos
Eucommiaceae , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Flavonoides , Iridoides , Folhas de Planta
19.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(2): 331-340, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32237315

RESUMO

A new method on functional orientation of Moringa leaves based on text mining and molecular docking was explored in the study. First, PubMedplus was used to analyze research data on Moringa leaves collected in PubMed and the indications of Moringa leaves were screened along with the hotspots and development tendency of Moringa leaves. Second, Arrowsmith was used to obtain the biological targets of Moringa leaves. Third, active candidate components of Moringa leaves were filtered by SwissADME analyzing on chemical data collected from literatures. Subsequently, molecular docking between active candidate component and target was studied by systemsDock to forecast the potential active components and their possible effective targets, and GO functional annotation of the potential targets was performed by DAVID database. According to the results, tumor, diabetes and digestive diseases were suggested to be indications of Moringa leaves, correlated with 25 active components and 12 potential effective targets possibly by adjusting G protein-coupled receptor and affecting on inflammatory reaction. The new method on functional orientation by combining text mining with molecular docking was successfully practiced on Moringa leaves as a case study,which provides a useful reference for the ultilization of foreign medicinal resource.


Assuntos
Mineração de Dados , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Moringa/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Folhas de Planta/química
20.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(1): 149-156, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32237424

RESUMO

In this research, high-throughput sequencing was used to investigate the mechanism of Naoxintong Capsules(NXTC) in prevention of post-ischemic inflammation. First, microglia BV-2 inflammatory model was induced by 1.0 µg·mL~(-1) LPS to investigate the effect of intestinal absorption solution of NXTC(NXTCIA) at different concentrations(62.5, 31.25, 15.63, 7.81 µg·mL~(-1)) on LPS-induced BV-2 inflammatory factors in microglia. Then, an RNA-Seq high-throughput sequencing method was performed to identify the differentially expressed mRNAs in microglia BV-2 after pre-treatment with NXTC. GO and KEGG enrichment analysis was used to screen the potential biological processes and related signaling pathways of NXTC in inhibiting inflammation. The results showed that four NXTCIA concentrations could significantly inhibit the release of LPS-induced inflammatory mediators in BV-2 in a dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, high-throughput sequencing results showed that 392 mRNA transcripts were reversed following pre-treatment with NXTC. GO enrichment analysis showed that the transcripts reversed by NXTC were mainly involved in Toll-like receptor signaling pathway, chemokine signaling pathway, and TNF signaling pathway. Taken together, our findings showed that NXTC treatment could provide protective effects against inflammatory response and the mechanism might be related to the regulation of Toll-like receptor signaling pathway, chemokine signaling pathway, and TNF signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Inflamação/prevenção & controle , Isquemia/complicações , RNA-Seq , Animais , Cápsulas , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Inflamação/etiologia , Lipopolissacarídeos , Camundongos , Microglia/efeitos dos fármacos , Microglia/metabolismo , Transcriptoma
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