Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 89
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Life Sci ; 241: 117146, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31816325

RESUMO

AIMS: Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is the main cause of blindness in adults and investigating new therapeutic targets for DR is necessary. This study aimed to investigate the effect of high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) protein and its mechanism in diabetic retinopathy (DR) were investigated. MAIN METHODS: Human retinal endothelial cells (HREC) were uesd for chip-seq. Sprague Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into control group, HMGB1 group, diabetes mellitus (DM) combined with HMGB1 siRNA group, and DM group. Next, eyeballs were removed and retinas were detached for western blot. The DM model of cell was built by increasing the glucose concentration in cell culture medium. The regulation of HMGB1 was achieved by short hairpin (sh)-HMGB1 transfection, then, the transfected cells were harvested for luciferase assay, western blot and qRT-PCR analyses as well as proliferation and apoptosis detection. KEY FINDINGS: Chip-seq and luciferase assay showed the possible transcription factor functions of HMGB1 and IKB-α was one of the HMGB1 binding sites. In vivo and in vitro results indicated high expression of HMGB1 and NF-kB and low expression of IKB-α in DR and the expression of IKB-α and NF-kB was regulated by HMGB1. Moreover, cell assays showed that HMGB1 inhibited cell proliferation and promoted apoptosis. SIGNIFICANCE: The results from the present study showed that HMGB1 may be involved in the pathogenesis of DR as a transcription factor through NF-kB pathway. Therefore, blockade of HMGB1 may be a new method for the treatment of DR.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/complicações , Retinopatia Diabética/patologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Proteína HMGB1/metabolismo , Inibidor de NF-kappaB alfa/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose , Proliferação de Células , Células Cultivadas , Retinopatia Diabética/etiologia , Retinopatia Diabética/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais/citologia , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Proteína HMGB1/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Inibidor de NF-kappaB alfa/genética , NF-kappa B/genética , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Retina/citologia , Retina/metabolismo
2.
Sci Total Environ ; 705: 135811, 2020 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31837874

RESUMO

Advanced treatment is of great significance to water reclamation and reuse, which can improve water quality, control microbial risks and guarantee the safety of water reuse. This study evaluates the microbial quantity and bacterial community dynamics during advanced wastewater treatment and reuse processes (i.e. denitrification biofilter (DNBF), ultrafiltration (UF), ozonation, ultraviolet (UV) disinfection) at a large-scale water reclamation plant. It is found that different treatment processes had significant influence on the cultivability of total bacteria and the log reduction values of fecal coliform at DNBF, UF, ozonation and UV are calculated as 0.38, 2.46, 0.38 and 1.63 respectively. Moreover, the bacterial diversity in the treatment process showed apparent spatial differences, among which the effluent from ozonation process had the lowest bacterial diversity. Sequencing analysis indicated the existence of pathogenic bacterium such as Arcobacter, Bacteroides and Pseudomonas in the secondary effluent. Notably, Pseudomonas remained the most dominant species (relative abundance 41.9% in UV effluent) in reclaimed water after advanced treatment processes, which calls for high attention to sustainable water reuse. In order to inhibit bacterial regrowth in the storage tank, chlorine disinfection is recommended to improve the continuous disinfection capability of the system.

3.
Sheng Li Xue Bao ; 71(5): 681-688, 2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31646321

RESUMO

Polyamines (putrescine, spermidine, and spermine) are essential polycations that play important roles in various physiological and pathophysiological processes in mammalian cells. The study was to investigate their role in cardioprotection against ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury and the underlying mechanism. Isolated hearts from male Sprague-Dawley rats were Langendorff-perfused and cardiac I/R was achieved by 30 min of global ischemia followed by 120 min of reperfusion. Different concentrations of polyamines (0.1, 1, 10, and 15 µmol/L of putrescine, spermidine, and spermine), cyclosporin A (0.2 µmol/L), or atractyloside (20 µmol/L) were given 10 min before the onset of reperfusion. The hemodynamics were monitored; the lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels in the coronary effluent were measured spectrophotometrically; infarct size was determined by the 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride staining method; and mitochondrial permeability transition pore (MPTP) opening was determined spectrophotometrically by the Ca2+-induced swelling of isolated cardiac mitochondria. The results showed that compared to I/R alone, 0.1 and 1 µmol/L polyamines treatment improved heart function, reduced LDH release, decreased infarct size, and these effects were inhibited by atractyloside (MPTP activator). In isolated mitochondria from normal rats, 0.1 and 1 µmol/L polyamines treatment inhibited MPTP opening. However, 10 and 15 µmol/L polyamines treatment had the opposite effects, and these effects were inhibited by cyclosporin A (MPTP inhibitor). Our findings showed that polyamines may have either protective or damaging effects on hearts suffering from I/R by inhibiting or activating MPTP opening.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Transporte da Membrana Mitocondrial/fisiologia , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/fisiopatologia , Poliaminas/metabolismo , Animais , Ciclosporina/farmacologia , Masculino , Mitocôndrias Cardíacas/fisiologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
4.
SLAS Technol ; : 2472630319879647, 2019 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31583975

RESUMO

This paper presents a droplet-based immunoassay chip allowing each droplet to be positioned in a passive droplet-positioning cavern under continuous flow. In addition, the chip surface can immobilize any kind of histidine-tagged capture agents for performing simultaneous multiplex immunoassays. Distinct families of monodispersed droplets were generated since a diaphragm, which is a thin elastomeric flap film suspended from the top of the main channel, forms a double T junction for shearing the aqueous liquids by the carrier flow. These two types of monodispersed droplets traverse the main channel to the downstream detection area and enter the passive positioning caverns for further immunoassay. A layer of Ni-Co film was coated on the substrate by electrodeposition in order to immobilize the multiplex histidine-tagged capture molecules. In this study, the tumor suppressor protein p53 and the extracellular signal-related kinase 1 (ERK1) were used as the capture agents. Then, both histidine-tagged proteins p53 and ERK1 were immobilized by the Ni-Co layer in a microarray format for subsequent immunoassay and fluorescence detection. The experimental results show that the detected fluorescence intensity is proportioned to the concentration of the encapsulated content in a small droplet. This proposed droplet-based immunoassay chip can immobilize multiplex histidine-tagged proteins, irrelevant to the species of proteins, to carry out simultaneous immunoassays and allow the operation sequence to be conducted automatically through the manipulation of droplets.

5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(35): e16885, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31464917

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aims to systematically assess the efficacy and safety of fasudil for the treatment of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (ASH). METHODS: This study will include all of randomized controlled trials on the efficacy and safety of fasudil for the treatment of ASH. Ten electronic databases of PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Google Scholar, Web of Science, Ovid, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Allied and Complementary Medicine Database, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure will be searched from inception to the May 1, 2019 without language restrictions. We will also search gray literatures to avoid missing any other potential studies. Two authors will independently perform study selection, data extraction and management, and methodologic quality assessment. The primary outcome is limbs function. The secondary outcomes comprise of muscle strength, muscle tone, quality of life, and adverse events. RESULTS: This study will provide a comprehensive literature search on the current evidence of fasudil for the treatment of ASH from primary and secondary outcomes. CONCLUSION: The results of this study will present evidence to determine whether fasudil is an effective and safety treatment for patients with ASH. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: PROSPERO CRD42019136215.


Assuntos
1-(5-Isoquinolinasulfonil)-2-Metilpiperazina/análogos & derivados , Aneurisma Intracraniano/complicações , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea/tratamento farmacológico , 1-(5-Isoquinolinasulfonil)-2-Metilpiperazina/efeitos adversos , 1-(5-Isoquinolinasulfonil)-2-Metilpiperazina/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa/normas , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Lab Chip ; 19(11): 1899-1915, 2019 06 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31049504

RESUMO

In this paper, we report the development of the nanotube-CTC-chip for isolation of tumor-derived epithelial cells (circulating tumor cells, CTCs) from peripheral blood, with high purity, by exploiting the physical mechanisms of preferential adherence of CTCs on a nanotube surface. The nanotube-CTC-chip is a new 76-element microarray technology that combines carbon nanotube surfaces with microarray batch manufacturing techniques for the capture and isolation of tumor-derived epithelial cells. Using a combination of red blood cell (RBC) lysis and preferential adherence, we demonstrate the capture and enrichment of CTCs with a 5-log reduction of contaminating WBCs. EpCAM negative MDA-MB-231/luciferase-2A-green fluorescent protein (GFP) cells were spiked in the blood of wild mice and enriched using an RBC lysis protocol. The enriched samples were then processed using the nanotube-CTC-chip for preferential CTC adherence on the nanosurface and counting the GFP cells yielded anywhere from 89% to 100% capture from the droplets. Electron microscopy (EM) studies showed focal adhesion with filaments from the cell body to the nanotube surface. We compared the nanotube preferential adherence to collagen adhesion matrix (CAM) scaffolding, reported as a viable strategy for CTC capture in patients. The CAM scaffolding on the device surface yielded 50% adherence with 100% tracking of cancer cells (adhered vs. non-adhered) versus carbon nanotubes with >90% adherence and 100% tracking for the same protocol. The nanotube-CTC-chip successfully captured CTCs in the peripheral blood of breast cancer patients (stage 1-4) with a range of 4-238 CTCs per 8.5 ml blood or 0.5-28 CTCs per ml. CTCs (based on CK8/18, Her2, EGFR) were successfully identified in 7/7 breast cancer patients, and no CTCs were captured in healthy controls (n = 2). CTC enumeration based on multiple markers using the nanotube-CTC-chip enables dynamic views of metastatic progression and could potentially have predictive capabilities for diagnosis and treatment response.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Adesão Celular , Biópsia Líquida/instrumentação , Nanotubos de Carbono/química , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes/patologia , Análise Serial de Tecidos/instrumentação , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Células Epiteliais/patologia , Humanos , Invasividade Neoplásica , Metástase Neoplásica , Análise de Célula Única , Propriedades de Superfície
7.
Ann Clin Lab Sci ; 49(1): 57-62, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30814078

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Serum 14-3-3η is a novel joint-derived proinflammatory mediator associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic capacity of serum 14-3-3η and its correlation with clinical variables in patients with RA. METHODS: A total of 94 patients with RA and 80 age- and sex-matched controls, including 40 healthy subjects, were included. Serum 14-3-3η levels were assessed by quantitative enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curves analysis was used to determine the sensitivity and specificity of 14-3-3η. Spearman's rank correlation coefficient was used to assess the relationship between 14-3-3η and other clinical measures in patients with RA. RESULTS: Median (interquartile range) of serum 14-3-3η concentration (ng/ml) in RA patients (2.34 [1.56-3.39]) was significantly higher than that in healthy subjects (0.17[0.11-0.30]) and disease controls (1.66[1.21-2.74]; P<0.05). ROC curve analysis comparing patients with RA with all controls demonstrated a significant (P<0.001) area under the curve (AUC) of 0.81 (95% confidence interval: 0.74-0.88). At a cutoff of 1.44 ng/mL, the ROC curve yielded a sensitivity of 78.7% and specificity of 73.8%. The sensitivity of anti-citrullinated protein antibody (ACPA) and rheumatoid factor (RF) were 84.0% and 72.3%, respectively. Adding 14-3-3η to ACPA and/or RF discriminated more than 96% of patients with RA. The positive rate of at least one of the three markers was up to 99%, with a specificity of about 70%. The results of correlation analyses revealed that serum levels of 14-3-3η protein positively correlated with C-reactive protein (r=0.250, P<0.05), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (r=0.294, P<0.01), and 28-joint disease activity score (r=0.275, P<0.05) in patients with RA. CONCLUSIONS: 14-3-3η protein is a novel marker that can apparently enhance the detection rate of patients with RA. The level of serum 14-3-3η protein correlates to some degree with disease activity.


Assuntos
Proteínas 14-3-3/sangue , Artrite Reumatoide/sangue , Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico , Biomarcadores/sangue , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Curva ROC
8.
Int J Food Sci Nutr ; 70(5): 519-529, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30632827

RESUMO

The association between coffee consumption and pancreatic cancer risk has been extensively studied; however, there is no consistent conclusion. Therefore, this meta-analysis study sought to evaluate dose-response relationship between them. A search was conducted using the PubMed and Web of Science databases. Thirteen high-quality cohort studies were identified, involving in 959,992 study participants and 3831 pancreatic cancer cases. Comparing the highest with lowest categories of coffee intake, the pooled relative risk (RR) was 1.08 (95% CI 0.94-1.25). For dose-response analysis, no evidence of a nonlinear dose-response association between coffee consumption and pancreatic cancer (p for nonlinearity =0.171) was found. The risk of pancreatic cancer was increased by 5.87% (RR =1.06, 95% CI 1.05-1.07) with the increment of one cup/day. Coffee consumption was identified to be related with the increasing risk of pancreatic cancer in a dose-response manner. Nevertheless, further mechanistic studies are needed to clarify the concerned issues.


Assuntos
Café/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/epidemiologia , Bases de Dados Factuais , Humanos , Incidência , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/etiologia
9.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 38(1): 36, 2019 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30683134

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Glioblastoma is a malignant brain tumor characterized by rapid growth, diffuse invasion and therapeutic resistance. We recently used microRNA expression profiles to subclassify glioblastoma into five genetically and clinically distinct subclasses, and showed that microRNAs both define and contribute to the phenotypes of these subclasses. Here we show that miR-29a activates a multi-faceted growth and invasion program that promotes glioblastoma aggressiveness. METHODS: microRNA expression profiles from 197 glioblastomas were analyzed to identify the candidate miRNAs that are correlated to glioblastoma aggressiveness. The candidate miRNA, miR-29a, was further studied in vitro and in vivo. RESULTS: Members of the miR-29 subfamily display increased expression in the two glioblastoma subclasses with the worst prognoses (astrocytic and neural). We observed that miR-29a is among the microRNAs that are most positively-correlated with PTEN copy number in glioblastoma, and that miR-29a promotes glioblastoma growth and invasion in part by targeting PTEN. In PTEN-deficient glioblastoma cells, however, miR-29a nevertheless activates AKT by downregulating the metastasis suppressor, EphB3. In addition, miR-29a robustly promotes invasion in PTEN-deficient glioblastoma cells by repressing translation of the Sox4 transcription factor, and this upregulates the invasion-promoting protein, HIC5. Indeed, we identified Sox4 as the most anti-correlated predicted target of miR-29a in glioblastoma. Importantly, inhibition of endogenous miR-29a decreases glioblastoma growth and invasion in vitro and in vivo, and increased miR-29a expression in glioblastoma specimens correlates with decreased patient survival. CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, these data identify miR-29a as a master regulator of glioblastoma growth and invasion.


Assuntos
Proliferação de Células/genética , Glioblastoma/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Invasividade Neoplásica/genética , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA/genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Glioblastoma/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Invasividade Neoplásica/patologia , Proteína Oncogênica v-akt/genética , PTEN Fosfo-Hidrolase/genética , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
10.
Int J Biol Sci ; 14(9): 1142-1152, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29989093

RESUMO

The distribution and location of mast cells are closely related to their physiological and pathological functions, such as allergic responses, immunity, and fibrosis, and are used in acupuncture. In this study, the distribution of mast cells in vivo was observed, and mechanical clues for understanding their distribution based on mechanical niches were explored. By toluidine blue staining and immunohistochemical staining, we examined the distribution and location of mast cells in rat skin and found that mast cells are distributed in a spatially nonuniform manner, preferring to locate at regions in the tissue and extracellular matrix with stiffness changes. In vitro experiments for studying the distribution of rat basophilic leukemia (RBL-2H3) mast cell line on poly-di-methyl-siloxane (PDMS) substrates with stiffness variations were performed. It was found that RBL-2H3 cells migrate and tend to remain in the areas with stiffness variations. The present research suggests that changing the stiffness of local tissues may stimulate mast cell recruitment, which may be the method by which some traditional Chinese medicine treatments, such as acupuncture. On the basis of the origin of mast cells and our experimental results, we predict that mast cells exist in tissues that contain permeable capillaries and prefer regions with stiffness changes. We discussed this prediction using examples of specific tissues from some cases.


Assuntos
Mastócitos/metabolismo , Acupuntura , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Dimetilpolisiloxanos , Fibrose/metabolismo , Mastócitos/fisiologia , Nylons , Ratos , Pele/citologia
11.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 10106, 2018 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29973624

RESUMO

Oceanic mesoscale eddies are common, especially in areas where zonal currents with meridional shear exists. The nonlinear effects complicate the analysis of mesoscale eddy dynamics. This study proposes a solitary (eddy) solution based on an asymptotic expansion of the nonlinear potential vorticity equation with a constant meridional shear of zonal current. This solution reveals several important consequences. For example, cyclonic (anticyclonic) eddies can be generated by the negative (positive) shear of the zonal current. Furthermore, the meridional structure of an eddy is asymmetrical, and the center of a cyclonic (anticyclonic) eddy tilts poleward (equatorward). Eddy width is inversely proportional to shear intensity. Eddy phase speed is proportional to shear intensity and the wave amplitude, and their spatial distribution show band-like pattern as they propagate westward. This nonlinear solitary solution is an extension of classical linear Rossby theory. Moreover, these findings could be applied to other areas with similar zonal current shear.

12.
Curr Gene Ther ; 18(1): 29-39, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29651947

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs) are promising candidates for nerve tissue engineering. Brain Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF) secreted by MSCs can function to increase neural differentiation and relieve inflammation response. Gene transfection technology is an efficient strategy to increase the secretion levels of cytokines and enhance cellular functions. However, transfection and in vivo gene expression of environmentally sensitive stem cells have been one of the most challenging subjects due to the requirement in both safety and transfection efficiency. In this study, gene transfection technology was applied to prepare BDNF gene recombinant MSCs based on our previously reported liposomal vector ScreenFect® A. To improve cellular survival and gene expression after in situ implantation of MSCs, an adhesive peptide modified hydrogel scaffold was constructed using hyaluronic acid. The scaffold was optimized and modified with an adhesive peptide PPFLMLLKGSTR. The transfected MSCs exhibited improved cellular survival and sustained gene expression in the three-Dimentional (3D) scaffold in vitro. Compared to untransfected MSCs, gene recombinant MSCs effectively improved spinal tissue integrity, inhibited glial scar formation and alleviated inflammatory response. These effects were found discounted when cells were implanted without the scaffold. CONCLUSION: The study developed a promising implantation system for therapy of severe spinal cord injury and provided the first understanding of Screenfect® A about its functions on stem cell therapy for nerve tissue repair as well as three-dimentional gene expression.


Assuntos
Fator Neurotrófico Derivado do Encéfalo/metabolismo , Terapia Genética/métodos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/métodos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/terapia , Adesivos/química , Animais , Fator Neurotrófico Derivado do Encéfalo/genética , Diferenciação Celular , Proliferação de Células , Sobrevivência Celular , Feminino , Humanos , Hidrogéis/química , Masculino , Peptídeos/química , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/genética , Tecidos Suporte/química , Transfecção
13.
Chemosphere ; 200: 36-47, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29471167

RESUMO

Adsorption of trace organic compounds (TrOCs) onto the membrane materials has a great impact on their rejection by nanofiltration (NF) and reverse osmosis (RO) membranes. This study aimed to investigate the difference in adsorption of various pharmaceuticals (PhACs) onto different NF/RO membranes and to demonstrate the necessity of isolating the polyamide (PA) active layer from the polysulfone (PS) support layer for adsorption characterization and quantification. Both the isolated PA layers and the PA+PS layers of NF90 and ESPA1 membranes were used to conduct static adsorption tests. Results showed that apparent differences existed between the PA layer and the PA+PS layer in the adsorption capacity of PhACs as well as the time necessary to reach the adsorption equilibrium. PhACs with different physicochemical properties could be adsorbed to different extents by the isolated PA layer, which was mainly attributed to electrostatic attraction/repulsion and hydrophobic interactions. The PA layer of ESPA1 exhibited apparently higher adsorption capacities for the positively charged PhACs and similar adsorption capacities for the neutral PhACs although it had significantly less total interfacial area (per unit membrane surface area) for adsorption compared to the PA layer of NF90. The higher affinity of the PA layer of ESPA1 for the PhACs could be due to its higher capacity of forming hydrogen bonds with PhACs resulted from the modified chemistry with more -OH groups. This study provides a novel approach to determining the TrOC adsorption onto the active layer of membranes for the ease of investigating adsorption mechanisms.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais/química , Filtração/métodos , Membranas Artificiais , Nylons/química , Osmose , Preparações Farmacêuticas/química , Adsorção , Poluentes Ambientais/isolamento & purificação , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Nanotecnologia , Preparações Farmacêuticas/isolamento & purificação , Polímeros/química , Sulfonas/química
14.
Langmuir ; 33(34): 8413-8419, 2017 08 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28762743

RESUMO

The evolution of surface chemical structures of polyimide induced by Ar fast atom beam (Ar-FAB) bombardment and vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) irradiation was investigated using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) to clarify the activated sites for low-temperature hybrid bonding. These sites in molecular chains are considered corresponding to the bonding sites. They affect interfacial properties. Therefore, such analyses are necessary to optimize the processing parameters in different surface-modification methods. The XPS results demonstrated that Ar-FAB physical bombardment transformed the polyimide surface into benzene-dominant structures, whereas the effect of VUV irradiation was located at side chain groups such as ether and carbonyl, resulting in much longer molecular fragments (i.e., less matrix damage). Moreover, the calculated thickness of the VUV-induced modification layer grew to around 0.6 nm at its maximum.

15.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 24(22): 18400-18409, 2017 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28643277

RESUMO

Interactions of trace organic compounds (TOrCs) with polymeric nanofiltration (NF) membrane can affect their rejection. It is desirable to investigate whether solubility which depends on the free energy of interaction between these solutes and water correlates with rejection/adsorption and the potential to be incorporated in the partitioning terms of current NF model. A total of ten neutral disinfection by-products (DBPs) were selected as the model compounds for TOrCs to comprehensively investigate the role of solubility on rejection and adsorption. Pearson correlation analysis indicated that the correlation between MW and rejection ratio was highly significant (r = 0.778, p = 0.008) and that between solubility and rejection ratio was moderately significant (r = -0.636, p = 0.48) in a cross-flow system. By fitting Freundlich equation from adsorption isotherm experiment, the adsorption affinity (K f) of DBPs was roughly correlated with their solubility with regard to the comparison of n value with 1. α was then introduced as a parameter of solute-membrane interaction from the perspective of partitioning term in the hydrodynamic model. Exponential relationship can be observed between the solubility and α, demonstrating the possibility of incorporating solubility into the partitioning terms in NF model to accurately predict the rejection of DBPs.


Assuntos
Desinfetantes/análise , Filtração/métodos , Membranas Artificiais , Compostos Orgânicos/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Purificação da Água/métodos , Adsorção , Desinfetantes/química , Desinfecção , Modelos Teóricos , Compostos Orgânicos/química , Solubilidade , Poluentes Químicos da Água/química
16.
JAMA ; 317(24): 2502-2514, 2017 06 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28655015

RESUMO

Importance: Acupuncture is used to induce ovulation in some women with polycystic ovary syndrome, without supporting clinical evidence. Objective: To assess whether active acupuncture, either alone or combined with clomiphene, increases the likelihood of live births among women with polycystic ovary syndrome. Design, Setting, and Participants: A double-blind (clomiphene vs placebo), single-blind (active vs control acupuncture) factorial trial was conducted at 21 sites (27 hospitals) in mainland China between July 6, 2012, and November 18, 2014, with 10 months of pregnancy follow-up until October 7, 2015. Chinese women with polycystic ovary syndrome were randomized in a 1:1:1:1 ratio to 4 groups. Interventions: Active or control acupuncture administered twice a week for 30 minutes per treatment and clomiphene or placebo administered for 5 days per cycle, for up to 4 cycles. The active acupuncture group received deep needle insertion with combined manual and low-frequency electrical stimulation; the control acupuncture group received superficial needle insertion, no manual stimulation, and mock electricity. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was live birth. Secondary outcomes included adverse events. Results: Among the 1000 randomized women (mean [SD] age, 27.9 [3.3] years; mean [SD] body mass index, 24.2 [4.3]), 250 were randomized to each group; a total of 926 women (92.6%) completed the trial. Live births occurred in 69 of 235 women (29.4%) in the active acupuncture plus clomiphene group, 66 of 236 (28.0%) in the control acupuncture plus clomiphene group, 31 of 223 (13.9%) in the active acupuncture plus placebo group, and 39 of 232 (16.8%) in the control acupuncture plus placebo group. There was no significant interaction between active acupuncture and clomiphene (P = .39), so main effects were evaluated. The live birth rate was significantly higher in the women treated with clomiphene than with placebo (135 of 471 [28.7%] vs 70 of 455 [15.4%], respectively; difference, 13.3%; 95% CI, 8.0% to 18.5%) and not significantly different between women treated with active vs control acupuncture (100 of 458 [21.8%] vs 105 of 468 [22.4%], respectively; difference, -0.6%; 95% CI, -5.9% to 4.7%). Diarrhea and bruising were more common in patients receiving active acupuncture than control acupuncture (diarrhea: 25 of 500 [5.0%] vs 8 of 500 [1.6%], respectively; difference, 3.4%; 95% CI, 1.2% to 5.6%; bruising: 37 of 500 [7.4%] vs 9 of 500 [1.8%], respectively; difference, 5.6%; 95% CI, 3.0% to 8.2%). Conclusions and Relevance: Among Chinese women with polycystic ovary syndrome, the use of acupuncture with or without clomiphene, compared with control acupuncture and placebo, did not increase live births. This finding does not support acupuncture as an infertility treatment in such women. Trial Registration: clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT01573858.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Clomifeno/uso terapêutico , Fármacos para a Fertilidade Feminina/uso terapêutico , Infertilidade Feminina/terapia , Nascimento Vivo/epidemiologia , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/terapia , Terapia por Acupuntura/efeitos adversos , Terapia por Acupuntura/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , Clomifeno/efeitos adversos , Terapia Combinada/métodos , Contusões/etiologia , Diarreia/etiologia , Método Duplo-Cego , Esquema de Medicação , Feminino , Fármacos para a Fertilidade Feminina/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Infertilidade Feminina/tratamento farmacológico , Infertilidade Feminina/etiologia , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/complicações , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/tratamento farmacológico , Gravidez , Método Simples-Cego , Fatores de Tempo
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 96(20): e6798, 2017 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28514294

RESUMO

In this study, we intended to genotype 2 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of tumor necrosis factor α-induced protein 3 (TNFAIP3) genes and explore an association of TNFAIP3 genetic polymorphism with the patients of myasthenia gravis (MG) at clinical level. In brief, 215 of adult MG patients were divided into subgroups according to their clinical features, age of onset, thymic pathology, and autoantibodies. Two hundred thirty-five of healthy controls were also divided into subgroups with gender- and age-matched. The allele and genotype frequencies of subgrouped patients were found to be higher than those of healthy controls. The distribution of TNFAIP3 gene rs7749323*A allele of late onset MG (LOMG, with positive acetylcholine receptor antibody and without thymoma) subgrouped patients was also significantly higher than that of gender- and age-matched healthy controls (7.4% vs 2.4%, odds ratio [OR] = 3.27, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.01-10.6, P = .04). Furthermore, analysis to the genotype frequencies indicates that the carriers of rs7749323*A allele of LOMG group became more frequent than that of age-matched healthy controls (14.9% vs 4.8%, OR = 3.47, 95% CI 1.04-11.6, dominant model: P = .03). It is interesting to notice that there is no significant association between the rs7749323 and susceptibility of other MG subgroups. Therefore, it is suggested that the SNPs in the 3' flanking region (rs7749323) of TNFAIP3 gene and the genetic variations of TNFAIP3 gene may take an important role in the susceptibility of LOMG.


Assuntos
Predisposição Genética para Doença , Miastenia Gravis/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Proteína 3 Induzida por Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idade de Início , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Estudos de Associação Genética , Técnicas de Genotipagem , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Adulto Jovem
18.
Cell Death Dis ; 8(3): e2685, 2017 03 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28300832

RESUMO

Severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) still remains a clinical challenge, not only for its high mortality but the uncontrolled inflammatory progression from acute pancreatitis (AP) to SAP. Cell death, including apoptosis and necrosis are critical pathology of AP, since the severity of pancreatitis correlates directly with necrosis and inversely with apoptosis Therefore, regulation of cell death from necrosis to apoptosis may have practicably therapeutic value. X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein (XIAP) is the best characterized member of the inhibitor of apoptosis proteins (IAP) family, but its function in AP remains unclear. In the present study, we investigated the potential role of XIAP in regulation of cell death and inflammation during acute pancreatitis. The in vivo pancreatitis model was induced by the administration of cerulein with or without lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or by the administration of l-arginine in wild-type or XIAP-deficient mice, and ex vivo model was induced by the administration of cerulein+LPS in AR42J cell line following XIAP inhibition. The severity of acute pancreatitis was determined by serum amylase activity and histological grading. XIAP deletion on cell apoptosis, necrosis and inflammatory response were examined. Caspases activities, nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) activation and receptor-interacting protein kinase1 (RIP1) degradation were assessed by western blot. Deletion of XIAP resulted in the reduction of amylase activity, decrease of NF-κB activation and less release of TNF-α and IL-6, together with increased caspases activities and RIP1 degradation, leading to enhanced apoptosis and reduced necrosis in pancreatic acinar cells and ameliorated the severity of acute pancreatitis. Our results indicate that deletion of XIAP switches cell death away from necrosis to apoptosis and decreases the inflammatory response, effectively attenuating the severity of AP/SAP. The critical role of XIAP in cell death and inflammation suggests that inhibition of XIAP represents a potential therapeutic strategy for the treatment of acute pancreatitis.


Assuntos
Morte Celular/fisiologia , Proteínas Inibidoras de Apoptose/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Pancreatite/metabolismo , Pancreatite/patologia , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Apoptose/fisiologia , Arginina/metabolismo , Caspases/metabolismo , Morte Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular , Ceruletídeo/farmacologia , Inflamação/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Necrose/metabolismo , Necrose/patologia , Pâncreas/diagnóstico por imagem , Pâncreas/metabolismo , Proteína Serina-Treonina Quinases de Interação com Receptores/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Proteínas Inibidoras de Apoptose Ligadas ao Cromossomo X/metabolismo
19.
Chemosphere ; 178: 119-128, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28319739

RESUMO

A detailed kinetic model comprised of mass transport (ktra), pore diffusion (kdif), adsorption and reduction reaction (krea), was developed to quantitatively evaluate the effect of corrosion films on the removal rate (kobs) of halogenated compounds by metallic iron. Different corrosion conditions were controlled by adjusting the iron aging time (0 or 1 yr) and dissolved oxygen concentration (0-7.09 mg/L DO). The kobs values for bromate, mono-, di- and tri-chloroacetic acids (BrO3-, MCAA, DCAA and TCAA) were 0.41-7.06, 0-0.16, 0.01-0.53, 0.10-0.73 h-1, with ktra values at 13.32, 12.12, 11.04 and 10.20 h-1, kdif values at 0.42-5.82, 0.36-5.04, 0.30-4.50, 0.30-3.90 h-1, and krea values at 14.94-421.18, 0-0.19, 0.01-1.30, 0.10-3.98 h-1, respectively. The variation of kobs value with reaction conditions depended on the reactant species, while those of ktra, kdif and krea values were irrelevant to the species. The effects of corrosion films on kdif and krea values were responsible for the variation of kobs value for halogenated compounds. For a mass-transfer-limited halogenated compound such as BrO3-, an often-neglected kdif value primarily determined its kobs value when pore diffusion was the rate-limiting step of its removal. In addition, the value of kdif might influence product composition during a consecutive dechlorination, such as for TCAA and DCAA. For a reaction-controlled compound such as MCAA, an increased krea value was achieved under low oxic conditions, which was favorable to improve its kobs value. The proposed model has a potential in predicting the removal rate of halogenated compounds by metallic iron under various conditions.


Assuntos
Bromatos/isolamento & purificação , Cloroacetatos/isolamento & purificação , Ferro/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/isolamento & purificação , Purificação da Água/métodos , Bromatos/química , Cloroacetatos/química , Corrosão , Difusão , Cinética , Poluentes Químicos da Água/química
20.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 9(4): 3330-3342, 2017 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28058831

RESUMO

Spinal cord injury (SCI) is one of the most devastating injuries. Treatment strategies for SCI are required to overcome comprehensive issues. Implantation of biomaterial scaffolds and stem cells has been demonstrated to be a promising strategy. However, a comprehensive recovery effect is difficult to achieve. In the comprehensive treatment process, the specific roles of the implanted scaffolds and of stem cells in combined strategy are usually neglected. In this study, a peptide-modified scaffold is developed based on hyaluronic acid and an adhesive peptide PPFLMLLKGSTR. Synchrotron radiation micro computed tomography measurement provides insights to the three-dimensional inner topographical property and perspective porous structure of the scaffold. The modified scaffold significantly improves cellular survival and adhesive growth of mesenchymal stem cells during 3D culture in vitro. After implantation in transected spinal cord, the modified scaffold and mesenchymal stems are found to function in synergy to restore injured spinal cord tissue, with respective strengths. Hindlimb motor function scores exhibit the most significant impact of the composite implant at 2 weeks post injury, which is the time secondary injury factors begin to take hold. Investigation on the secondary injury factors including inflammatory response and astrocyte overactivity at 10 days post injury reveals the possible underlying reason. Implants of the scaffold, cells, and especially the combination of both elicit inhibitory effects on these adverse factors. The study develops a promising implant for spinal cord tissue engineering and reveals the roles of the scaffold and stem cells. More importantly, the results provide the first understanding of the bioactive peptide PPFLMLLKGSTR concerning its functions on mesenchymal stem cells and spinal cord tissue restoration.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Animais , Hidrogéis , Peptídeos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal , Tecidos Suporte , Microtomografia por Raio-X
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA