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1.
Gene ; 766: 145152, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32979431

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Cerebrovascular disease is one of the major diseases that seriously harm human health currently. The purpose of this study is to find an effective treatment and clarify its mechanism of action to provide a new idea and drug target for the clinical treatment of ischemic cerebrovascular disease. METHODS: The microglia cell line (BV2 cell line) was cultured in vitro. Prepare a hypoxia ischemia cell model by OGD and simulate the pathophysiological process of ischemic cerebrovascular disease in vivo. According to the techniques of LDH Cytotoxicity Assay Kit, flow cytometry of Annexin V-FITC Apoptosis Detection Kit, Laser Confocal Fluorescence Immunostaining (Double staining method), enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and Western blotting, BV2 cells are observed through morphology and function changes induced by OGD. Moreover, these techniques were used to analyze changes in key proteins expression of signal transduction pathway in ischemic cerebrovascular disease, to explore the mechanism of gastrodin on ischemic cerebrovascular disease, and to elucidate the available ways for cell protection following ischemia and hypoxia. RESULTS: Gastrodin has no obvious toxic effect on BV-2 cells under physiological conditions. The death rate of BV-2 cells increases as the time of hypoxia increase. In the absence of oxygen, Gastrodin has a protective effect on the survival of BV-2 cells. This protective effect is related to the reduction of apoptosis rate. It can also improve the hypoxic tolerance of BV-2 cells, and there is no obvious Gastrodin dose-dependence. Moreover, Gastrodin has dual effects on BV-2 cells. The dual role of Gastrodin is closely related to the expression of several proteins which can affect the MAPK signal transduction pathway. CONCLUSION: Gastrodin has a dual effect on microglia with OGD. On the one hand, Gastrodin can inhibit the inflammatory cytokines secreted by microglia and aggravate the inflammatory response; on the other hand, Gastrodin can promote the secretion of protective cytokines from microglia to reduce the inflammatory response.


Assuntos
Álcoois Benzílicos/farmacologia , Glucose/metabolismo , Glucosídeos/farmacologia , Oxigênio/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Hipóxia Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular , Camundongos , Microglia/efeitos dos fármacos , Microglia/metabolismo , Neuroproteção/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
2.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 246: 118962, 2021 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33007642

RESUMO

A novel three-dimensional luminescence Cd-MOF sensor with the molecular formula {[(CH3)2NH2]2 Cd3(ptptc)2} (complex 1) has been synthesized by using terphenyl-3,3',5,5'-tetracarboxylic acid (H4ptptc) and Cd(NO3)2·4H2O under solvothermal conditions. Single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis shows that complex 1 crystallizes in the monoclinic system C2/c space group and consists of one-dimensional channels. Complex 1 exhibits characteristic fluorescence emission (λem = 380 nm) both in solid state and solvents upon excitation at 300 nm. Real-time fluorescence quenching of complex 1 was observed in the fluorescence sensing of acetone vapor and picric acid. Intriguingly, ppm scale detection limit for acetone vapor in air and nano-mole scale detection limit for picric acid in water were observed. Moreover, good reusability and liner/nonlinear relationships were observed in the fluorescent titration.

3.
Mol Med Rep ; 23(1)2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33179090

RESUMO

Apelin­36 is able to mediate a range of effects on various diseases, and is upregulated in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)­induced acute lung injury (ALI). However, to the best of our knowledge, whether apelin­36 is able to regulate LPS­induced ALI has yet to be investigated. The present study aimed to investigate the role of apelin­36 in LPS­induced ALI, and the putative underlying mechanisms. Rats were assigned to one of four treatment groups: The Control group, apelin­36 group, LPS group and LPS + apelin­36 group. At 4 h after intratracheal instillation of LPS (5 mg/kg), rats were intraperitoneally treated with 10 nmol/kg apelin­36. Subsequently, pathological manifestations and the extent of inflammation and apoptosis of the lung tissues were assessed. Untransfected and apoptosis signal­regulating kinase 1 (ASK1)­overexpressing Beas­2B cells were treated with LPS in the absence or presence of apelin­36, and subsequently the levels of inflammation and apoptosis were assessed. The results obtained showed that the level of apelin­36 was increased in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of LPS­treated rats. Co­treatment with apelin­36 alleviated LPS­induced lung injury and pulmonary edema, reduced the levels of pro­inflammatory cytokines, including interleukin­6, monocyte chemoattractant protein­1 and tumor necrosis factor­α, in BALF, and inhibited apoptosis in the lung tissues. The presence of apelin­36 also blocked the activation of LPS­induced ASK1, p38, c­Jun N­terminal kinase and extracellular signal­regulated kinase in lung tissues. In vitro studies performed with Beas­2B cells showed that the addition of apelin­36 led to an increase in the cell viability of LPS­induced Beas­2B cells in a concentration­dependent manner. Additionally, co­treatment with 1 µM apelin­36 prevented LPS­induced inflammation and apoptosis. However, overexpression of ASK1 significantly reversed the inhibitory effects of apelin­36 on LPS­induced inflammation and apoptosis. Taken together, the results of the present study demonstrated that apelin­36 was able to protect against LPS­induced lung injury both in vivo and in vitro, and these actions may be dependent on inhibition of the ASK1/mitogen­activated protein kinase signaling pathway.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33168605

RESUMO

The rising frequency of MDR/XDR pathogens is making more frequent the inappropriate empirical antimicrobial therapy (IEAT) in nosocomial pneumonia, which is associated with increased mortality. We aim to determine the short-term benefits of appropriate empirical antimicrobial treatment (AEAT) with C/T compared with IEAT with piperacillin/tazobactam(TZP) in MDR Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) pneumonia. Twenty-one pigs with pneumonia caused by XDR PA strain (susceptible to C/T but resistant to TZP) were ventilated up to 72h. Twenty-four hours after bacterial challenge, animals were randomized to receive 2-day treatment with either intravenous saline (untreated) or 50-25 mg/kg of C/T (AEAT) or 200-25 mg/kg of TZP (IEAT), every 8h. The primary outcome was the PA burden in lung tissue and the histopathology injury. PA burden in tracheal secretions and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid, the development of antibiotic resistance and inflammatory markers were secondary outcomes. Overall PA lung burden was 5.30[4.00-6.30], 4.04[3.64-4.51], and 4.04[3.05-4.88] log10CFU/g in the untreated, AEAT and IEAT groups, respectively(p=0.299), without histopathological differences (p=0.556). In contrast, in tracheal secretions (p<0.001) and BAL fluid(p=0.002), bactericidal efficacy was higher in AEAT group. Increased minimum inhibitory concentration to TZP was found in 3 animals, while resistance to C/T did not develop. IL-1ß was significantly downregulated by AEAT, in comparison to other groups(p=0.031). In a mechanically ventilated swine model of XDR P. aeruginosa pneumonia, appropriate initial treatment with C/T decreased respiratory secretions' bacterial burden, prevented development of resistance, achieved pharmacodynamic target and may reduce systemic inflammation. Yet, after only 2 days of treatment, P. aeruginosa tissue concentrations were moderately affected.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33170478

RESUMO

The aim of this study is to investigate the clinical features and outcome of interstitial lung disease (ILD)-onset rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and anti-citrullinated protein antibody (ACPA)-positive ILD-only patients. Arthritis-onset and ILD-onset RA-ILD and ACPA-positive ILD-only patients consecutively admitted to Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 2008 to December 2017 were enrolled and followed-up. Their demographic, clinical, and laboratory features as well as outcome were collected and analyzed. Compared with arthritis-onset RA-ILD (n = 166, median arthritis-to-ILD interval: 60 months), the ILD-onset RA-ILD (n = 75, median ILD-to-arthritis interval: 2 months) had less rheumatoid nodules and higher titer of ACPA, and manifested more stable ILD (median estimated progression-free survival: 120 vs. 100 months, p = 0.019). Elder age (≥ 65 years) at ILD diagnosis and UIP pattern were associated with ILD progression by both univariate and Cox hazards modeling analysis (p < 0.05). In ACPA-positive ILD-only patients (n = 41), arthritis developed in 7 (17.1%) female patients after a median interval of 24 months. ACPA-positive ILD who subsequently developed arthritis exhibited higher frequency of rheumatoid factor (RF), higher titer of ACPA, and higher levels of ESR and CRP (p < 0.05). Multivariate regression analysis showed that positive RF (OR 12.55, 95% CI 1.31 to 120.48) was the independent risk factor for arthritis development in ACPA-positive ILD-only patients. ILD-onset RA-ILD had more stable ILD compared with arthritis-onset RA-ILD. ACPA-positive ILD patients with positive RF are at increased risk of developing RA.

6.
BMC Med Educ ; 20(1): 395, 2020 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33129310

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Realistic, portable, and scalable lectures, cadaveric models, 2D atlases and computer simulations are being combined more frequently for teaching anatomy, which result in major increases in user satisfaction. However, although digital simulations may be more portable, interesting, or motivating than traditional teaching tools, whether they are superior in terms of student learning remain unclear. This paper presents a study in which the educational effectiveness of a virtual reality (VR) skull model is compared with that of cadaveric skulls and atlases. The aim of this study was to compare the results of teaching with VR to results of teaching with traditional teaching methods by administering objective questionnaires and perception surveys. METHODS: A mixed-methods study with 73 medical students was conducted with three different groups, namely, the VR group (N = 25), cadaver group (N = 25) and atlas group (N = 23). Anatomical structures were taught through an introductory lecture and model-based learning. All students completed the pre- and post-intervention tests, which comprised a theory test and an identification test. The theory test consisted of 18 multiple-choice questions, and the identification test consisted of 25 fill-in-the-blank questions. RESULTS: The participants in all three groups had significantly higher total scores on the post-intervention test than on the pre-intervention test; the post-intervention test score in the VR group was not statistically significantly higher than the post-intervention test score of the other groups (VR: 30 [IQR: 22-33.5], cadaver: 26 [IQR: 20-31.5], atlas: 28[IQR: 20-33]; p > 0.05). The participants in the VR and cadaver groups provided more positive feedback on their learning models than the atlas group (VR: 26 [IQR: 19-30], cadaver: 25 [IQR: 19.5-29.5], atlas: 12 [IQR: 9-20]; p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The skull virtual learning resource (VLR) was equally efficient as the cadaver skull and atlas in teaching anatomy structures. Such a model can aid individuals in understanding complex anatomical structures with a higher level of motivation and tolerable adverse effects.

7.
Anal Methods ; 2020 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33150889

RESUMO

Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) is a disease biomarker, which can reflect the existence of tumors. The accurate detection of CEA in clinical samples is highly valuable for diagnosis of tumors. Herein, we developed an enzyme-free fluorescent biosensor for highly sensitive detection of CEA based on an aptamer-induced entropy-driven circuit. The aptamer hairpin specifically bound to CEA to expose the locked domain. Then, the exposed domain could trigger disassembly of multiple fluorophore strands from the three-strand complexes with the aid of fuel strands, leading to the production of remarkable amplified fluorescent signals. The one-step and homogeneous method exhibited high specificity and a wide linear range from 10 pg mL-1 to 500 ng mL-1 with a low limit of detection of 4.2 pg mL-1. What's more, the whole detection process could be performed within 45 min and did not involve the use of any protein enzymes and antibodies. The developed strategy could also be applied to detect CEA in clinical samples with satisfactory results. Therefore, the strategy is an alternative sensing method for the detection of CEA.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33218844

RESUMO

Davidia involucrata Baill. (dove tree) is unique Tertiary relic plant in China, also known as 'living fossil' and 'giant panda'. The MADS-box family gene SOC1 is involved in the regulatory pathway that integrates flowering signals to promote flowering at the optimal time. In this study, we isolated and identified two dove tree SOC1 homologues, named DiSOC1-a and DiSOC1-b. These two sequences possess highly conserved domains MADS-box and SOC1-motif, as well as the semi-conserved region K-box. DiSOC1-a and DiSOC1-b were expressed at varying levels in all tested tissues of dove tree and shared high levels of expression in the flower buds. The expression tendencies of both genes in bract were initially upward and then downward and were highest in young bracts. Neither DiSOC1-a nor DiSOC1-b was expressed in immature leaves. Proteins encoded by DiSOC1-a and DiSOC1-b were located in the nucleus. In addition, ectopic overexpression of both genes in WT Arabidopsis promoted early flowering and the growth of the main bolt. Taken together, these results suggest that DiSOC1-a and DiSOC1-b are involved in the flowering initiation and the main bolt growth process of dove tree. Our results provide a foundation for horticultural breeding to control flowering time of dove tree.

9.
Redox Biol ; 38: 101771, 2020 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33189984

RESUMO

Septic cardiomyopathy is characterized by impaired contractive function with mitochondrial dysregulation. Songorine is a typical active C20-diterpene alkaloid from the lateral root of Aconitum carmichaelii, which has been used for the treatment of heart failure. This study investigated the protective role of songorine in septic heart injury from the aspect of mitochondrial biogenesis. Songorine (10, 50 mg/kg) protected cardiac contractive function against endotoxin insult in mice with Nrf2 induction. In cardiomyocytes, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) evoked mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and redistributed STIM1 to interact with Orai1 for the formation of calcium release-activated calcium (CRAC) channels, mediating calcium influx, which were prevented by songorine, likely due to ROS suppression. Songorine activated Nrf2 by promoting Keap1 degradation, having a contribution to enhancing antioxidant defenses. When LPS shifted metabolism away from mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) in cardiomyocytes, songorine upregulated mitochondrial genes involved in fatty acid ß-oxidation, tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle and electron transport chain in a manner dependent on Nrf2, resultantly protecting the capability of OXPHOS. Songorine increased luciferase report gene activities of nuclear respiratory factor-1 (Nrf1) and mitochondrial transcription factor A (Tfam) dependently on Nrf2, indicative of the regulation of Nrf2/ARE and NRF1 signaling cascades. Songorine promoted PGC-1α binding to Nrf2, and the cooperation was required for songorine to activate Nrf2/ARE and NRF1 for the control of mitochondrial quality and quantity. In support, the beneficial effects of songorine on cardioprotection and mitochondrial biogenesis were diminished by cardiac Nrf2 deficiency in mice subjected to LPS challenge. Taken together, these results showed that Nrf2 transcriptionally promoted mitochondrial biogenesis in cooperation with PGC-1α. Songorine activated Nrf2/ARE and NRF1 signaling cascades to rescue cardiomyocytes from endotoxin insult, suggesting that protection of mitochondrial biogenesis was a way for pharmacological intervention to prevent septic heart injury.

10.
J Food Sci ; 2020 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33216375

RESUMO

In this work, levels of cyromazine and its metabolite melamine in chicken products and its transfer factors (TFs) and dietary risks assessment for Chinese consumers are presented. Cyromazine was added to chicken feed at doses of 5, 25, and 50 mg/kg for 42 days. Cyromazine residues were found in frequently consumed chicken products (meat, heart, liver, gizzard, and eggs), with liver and eggs displaying the highest concentrations (0.935 and 1.281 mg/kg, respectively). Low levels of melamine residues (<0.029 mg/kg) were detected in chicken products from chickens treated with 25 and 50 mg/kg cyromazine, but not in eggs from chickens treated with 5 mg/kg cyromazine. The TFs for the investigated chicken products varied from 0.0074 to 0.0229 across the dosage levels. The chronic exposure assessment showed that 0.001 to 0.190% of the acceptable daily intake (0.06 mg/kg body weight [b.w.]/day) of cyromazine was consumed through chicken products among the various age and gender groups of Chinese consumers. The acute exposure assessments of different age and gender groups were 0.0004% to 0.178% of the acute reference dose (0.1 mg/kg b.w.). Although the results suggest that the risk associated with cyromazine residues in chicken products was low in China, the possible risk associated with cyromazine residues in chicken products should not be ignored while cyromazine remains a legal feed additive. PRACTICAL APPLICATION: The present analytical method could be used for cyromazine and melamine detection in different chicken products, and dietary risk assessments of cyromazine provided a support for the work of regulatory bodies to conduct surveillance programs regarding food safety evaluation of cyromazine.

11.
Poult Sci ; 99(11): 6031-6044, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33142522

RESUMO

In this study, we evaluated the prevalence of Salmonella in retail raw chickens in Shaanxi Province, China, on a monthly basis. In addition, we studied the antibiotic susceptibility, serotype, and genotype of Salmonella isolates and explored their relationships with sampling time, location, market type, and chicken type. The results showed that Salmonella was more prevalent in chickens sampled during the spring and summer than during the autumn and winter. Thirty-nine serotypes were identified from 406 Salmonella isolates, of which Salmonella typhimurium (16.7%) was the most prevalent. Other prevalent serotypes included S. thompson (12.8%), S. essen (9.1%), S. infantis (6.9%), S. rissen (5.7%), and S. enteritidis (5.4%). Approximately 71.4% of the 406 isolates were resistant to 3 or more antibiotics, 11.8% to 12 or more, and 1.7% to all 14 antibiotics tested. The most frequently detected resistance was to trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (82.0%), followed by nalidixic acid (71.9%) and tetracycline (59.4%). The frequencies of resistance to ampicillin, chloramphenicol, and amoxicillin/clavulanic acid were moderately high (∼50% each). Resistance to kanamycin, ceftiofur, streptomycin, gentamicin, and ciprofloxacin was less common (<40% each). Serotype distribution and antibiotic susceptibility of Salmonella isolates were related to sampling time, location, chicken type, and market type. Isolates recovered from the same sampling time, market type, location, and chicken type commonly exhibited identical or similar genotypes and antibiotic resistance profiles. However, DNA profiles and antibiotic resistance phenotypes of isolates within some serotypes were diverse. Our results revealed that multiple Salmonella subtypes with antibiotic resistance were prevalent in retail raw chickens in Shaanxi Province. Our study findings provide information for developing preventive measures against contamination of retail foods with Salmonella.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33188385

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Nowadays, real-world data can be used to improve currently available dosing guidelines and to support regulatory approval of drugs for use in neonates by overcoming practical and ethical hurdles. This proof-of-concept study aimed to assess the population pharmacokinetics of azlocillin in neonates using real-world data, to make subsequent dose recommendations and to test these in neonates with early-onset sepsis (EOS). METHODS: This prospective, open-label, investigator-initiated study of azlocillin in neonates with EOS was conducted using an adaptive two-step design. First, a maturational pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic model of azlocillin was developed, using an empirical dosing regimen combined with opportunistic samples resulting from waste material. Second, a Phase II clinical trial (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT03932123) of this newly developed model-based dosing regimen of azlocillin was conducted to assure optimized target attainment [free drug concentration above MIC during 70% of the dosing interval ('70% fT>MIC')] and to investigate the tolerance and safety in neonates. RESULTS: A one-compartment model with first-order elimination, using 167 azlocillin concentrations from 95 neonates (31.7-41.6 weeks postmenstrual age), incorporating current weight and renal maturation, fitted the data best. For the second step, 45 neonates (30.3-41.3 weeks postmenstrual age) were subsequently included to investigate target attainment, tolerance and safety of the pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic model-based dose regimen (100 mg/kg q8h). Forty-three (95.6%) neonates reached their pharmacokinetic target and only two neonates experienced adverse events (feeding intolerance and abnormal liver function), possibly related to azlocillin. CONCLUSIONS: Target attainment, tolerance and safety of azlocillin was shown in neonates with EOS using a pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic model developed with real-world data.

13.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 19372, 2020 11 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33168922

RESUMO

Patients with mono-lateral pneumonia and severe respiratory failure can be positioned in lateral decubitus, with the healthy lung dependent, to improve ventilation-perfusion coupling. Oxygenation response to this manoeuvre is heterogeneous and derecruitment of dependent lung has not been elucidated. Nine pigs (32.2 ± 1.2 kg) were sedated and mechanically ventilated. Mono-lateral right-sided pneumonia was induced with intrabronchial challenge of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. After 24 h, lungs were recruited and the animals were randomly positioned on right or left side. After 3 h of lateral positioning, the animals were placed supine; another recruitment manoeuvre was performed, and the effects of contralateral decubitus were assessed. Primary outcome was lung ultrasound score (LUS) of the dependent lung after 3-h lateral positioning. LUS of the left non-infected lung worsened while positioned in left-lateral position (from 1.33 ± 1.73 at baseline to 6.78 ± 4.49; p = 0.005). LUS of the right-infected lung improved when placed upward (9.22 ± 2.73 to 6.67 ± 3.24; p = 0.09), but worsened in right-lateral position (7.78 ± 2.86 to 13.33 ± 3.08; p < 0.001). PaO2/FiO2 improved in the left-lateral position (p = 0.005). In an animal model of right-lung pneumonia, left-lateral decubitus improved oxygenation, but collapsed the healthy lung. Right-lateral orientation further collapsed the diseased lung. Our data raise potential clinical concerns for the use of lateral position in mono-lateral pneumonia.

14.
BMC Pulm Med ; 20(1): 292, 2020 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33172427

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pulmonary benign metastasizing leiomyoma (PBML) is a rare disease characterized by leiomyoma of benign histopathology existing in the lungs. Because of its rarity, limited literature with a single case or small number of cases has been regarding to the clinical course, pathology or management of PBML. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed of all PBML cases diagnosed and managed at Peking Union Medical College Hospital (PUMCH) from 2001 to 2019. The clinical characteristics, pathology, treatment and outcomes of each case were studied. RESULTS: There were 25 PBML patients identified in the 19-year period in PUMCH, and 23 patients' data was analyzed. The median age at diagnosis was 46 years. There were 7 patients (30.4%) diagnosed with postmenopausal status. Two patients (8.7%) had no uterine leiomyoma, and 3 patients (13.0%) had no gynecologic surgery history. Immunohistochemistry of most lesions demonstrated positive for desmin, SMA and Estrogen/Progesterone Receptors; and negative for S-100 were shown in 7 cases. After curative or diagnostic surgeries for the PBML, several treatments from observation to medical or surgical castration were performed. Nine premenopausal patients preserved their ovaries at first. At a median follow-up of 8 years, 3 patients finally had oophorectomy. CONCLUSIONS: PBML is a rare disease and should be treated by individualization according to the patients' age, symptoms and extent of lesion. Curative surgery for patients with limited lesions can achieve the complete response. For patients that are young and asymptomatic, close observation is recommended as the first choice. All patients should undergo long-term surveillance.

15.
FASEB J ; 2020 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33197070

RESUMO

Spermatogenesis is an important biological process in male reproduction. The interaction between male germ cells and somatic cells during spermatogenesis, is necessary for male reproductive activities. This cellular heterogeneity has made it difficult to profile distinct cell types at different stages of development. Here, we present the first comprehensive, unbiased single-cell transcriptomic study of sheep spermatogenesis using 10× genomics single cell sequencing (scRNA-seq). We collected scRNA-seq data from 11 772 cells from the adult sheep testis and identified all known germ cells (including early primary spermatocytes, late primary spermatocytes, round spermatids, elongated spermatids, and sperm), and somatic cells (Sertoli cells and Leydig cells), as well as one somatic cell that unexpectedly contained leukocytes. The functional enrichment analysis indicated that several pathways of cell cycle, gamete generation, protein processing, and mRNA surveillance pathways were significantly enriched in testicular germ cell types, and ribosome pathway was significantly enriched in testicular somatic cell types. Further analysis identified several stage-specific marker genes of sheep germ cells, such as EZH2, SOX18, SCP2, PCNA, and PRKCD. Our research explored for the first time of the changes in the transcription level of various cell types during the process of sheep spermatogenesis, providing new insights for sheep spermatogenesis and spermatogenic cell development.

16.
IUBMB Life ; 2020 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33205540

RESUMO

Nasal-type natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (NKTCL) is an aggressive malignancy with poor survival outcomes that is relatively resistant to chemotherapy. N6-Methyladenosine (m6A) modification, the most prevalent modification of eukaryotic messenger RNA, is involved in the progression of various tumors. However, it is unclear whether it has a physiological role in NKTCL development. To address this question, we probed its function and molecular mechanisms in NKTCL. Initially, we demonstrated that Wilms' tumor 1-associated protein (WTAP), a major RNA N6-adenosine methyltransferase, was obviously upregulated in human NKTCL cell lines (YTS and SNK-6 cells), compared with normal NK cells. Functionally, depletion of WTAP noticeably repressed proliferation and facilitated apoptosis in YTS and SNK-6 cells. Moreover, intervention of WTAP evidently prohibited NKTCL cell chemotherapy resistance to cisplatin, as reflected by a lower inhibition of cell viability and decreased expression of drug resistance-associated protein expression MRP-1 and P-gp in YTS and SNK-6 cells. With regard to the mechanism, we revealed that WTAP enhanced dual-specificity phosphatases 6 (DUSP6) expression by increasing m6A levels of DUSP6 mRNA transcript, leading to oncogenic functions in NKTCL. Interestingly, WTAP contributed to the progression and chemotherapy sensitivity of NKTCL by stabilizing DUSP6 mRNA in an m6A-dependent manner. Taken together, these findings uncovered a critical function for WTAP-guided m6A methylation and identified DUSP6 as an important target of m6A modification in the regulation of chemotherapy resistance in NKTCL oncogenesis. This study highlights WTAP as a potential therapeutic target of NKTCL treatment.

17.
Oncol Rep ; 44(5): 2317-2318, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33000270

RESUMO

The authors of the above article drew to our attention that they had identified three instances of data overlapping between data panels, suggesting that data purportedly showing results obtained under different experimental conditions had been derived from the same original source. Comparing between the two figures, two pairs of panels in Fig. 4B (the Mimics control and blank experiments for the U87 and U251 cell lines) were shown to be overlapping, and a further pair of panels showed overlapping data in Fig. 6B (the data panels for the miR­375 mi + .pCDNA/RWDD3 and miR­375 mi + .pCDNA experiments for the U87 cell line). The authors were able to re­examine the original data files and retrieve the correct data panels. The errors in these figures arose through inadvertently assembling Figs. 4 and 6 incorrectly. The revised versions of Figs. 4 and 6, featuring the corrected data panels for the Mimics control and blank experiments for the U87 and U251 cell lines in Fig. 4B, and the correct data for the U87 cell line in Fig. 6B, are shown opposite and on the next page, respectively. Note that the corrections to the data shown in these Figures do not affect the overall conclusions reported in the paper. The authors are grateful to the Editor of Oncology Reports for allowing them the opportunity to publish this Corrigendum, and apologize to the readership for any inconvenience caused. [the original article was published in Oncology Reports 39: 1825-1834, 2018; DOI: 10.3892/or.2018.6261].

18.
Oncol Rep ; 44(6): 2792, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33125093

RESUMO

The authors of the above article drew to our attention that, in the above paper, they had identified three instances of data overlapping between data panels, suggesting that data purportedly showing results obtained under different experimental conditions had been derived from the same original source. Comparing among the data panels, two pairs of panels in Fig. 4B were shown to be overlapping, and a further pair of panels showed overlapping data in Fig. 6B. The authors were presented with an opportunity to correct their figures in a Corrigendum, although it has subsequently come to light that the replacement figures themselves featured problems with overlapping data. Given the errors that have been identified in the compilation of the figures in this article, the Editor of Oncology Reports has decided that this article should be retracted from the publication owing to a lack of overall confidence in the presented data. The authors all agree to the retraction of this article, and the Editor and the authors apologize for any inconvenience that might result from this retraction. [the original article was published in Oncology Reports 39: 1825-1834, 2018; DOI: 10.3892/or.2018.6261].

19.
Sci Total Environ ; 755(Pt 2): 142530, 2020 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33039931

RESUMO

As the largest contributor to production-based emissions, electricity generation sector has led to huge carbon emission transmissions. This is the first attempt to explore the latest features of carbon emission transmissions from electricity sector to the final domestic consumption of China in 2002-2015, combining MRIO-based Structural Path Analysis and transmission-based emission method. Results show that: (1) Although inter-provincial transmissions are increasing significantly, emission transmissions within intra-provincial trading are dominated. (2) 30 provinces are classified into two types, i.e., consumption centers and production centers. Both the inter-provincial transmission paths in consumption centers and production centers show the grid-level agglomeration and provincial heterogeneity. The inflow paths in consumption centers are mainly sourced from the production of Eastern China and South China, while the outflow paths for production centers are caused by the consumption in Central China, Guangdong and Jiangsu. Inter-provincial linkages are intensified and perform the feature of territorial propinquity. (3) Both intra-grid and inter-grid transmission nodes show an agglomeration trend of "electricity sector < intermediate sectors < electricity sector < consumption". These intermediate sectors include manufacture sectors, energy-intensive sectors and service sector. This paper provides policy implications on promoting low-carbon electricity cooperation across provinces and managing intermediate transmissions along supply chain.

20.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 17172, 2020 10 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33057094

RESUMO

We aimed to provide evidence for radiotherapy treatment regimens in patients with clinically recurrent ovarian cancer. We analyzed the survival and prognostic factors in 43 patients who were treated for recurrent ovarian cancer at 58 tumor sites using three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) or intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) during January 2006-December 2017. t years 1, 2, and 3, overall survival (OS) rate was 82.4%, 68.4%, and 57.9%; local control (LC) rate was 100%, 100% and 80%; recurrence free survival (RFS) rate was 86.8%, 66.6%, and 61.1%; and disease-free survival (DFS) rate was 79.7%, 56.7%, and 46.8%, respectively. The radiotherapy technique was determined to be an independent prognostic factor for survival; the survival rate of patients was significantly improved with IMRT compared to 3D-CRT (P = 0.035). Radiotherapy dose was an independent prognostic factor; survival rate improved when patients were treated with a radiation dose ≥ 60 Gy as compared to < 60 Gy (P = 0.046). Elective nodal prophylactic radiation therapy (ENRT) did not lead to a significant improvement in survival when compared to involved-field radiation therapy (IFRT). The toxicities of 3D-CRT and IMRT were tolerable. One patient (2.3%) had grade 3 acute gastrointestinal (GI) toxicity, 2 (4.6%) grade 3 late GI toxicity, 5 (11.6%) grade 3 hematological toxicity, and 2 (4.6%) had grade 4 hematological toxicity. IMRT improved LC and OS in patients with recurrent ovarian cancer after surgery and multiple chemotherapy; toxicities were tolerable. The IMRT technique and radiotherapy dose of ≥ 60 Gy had independent prognostic significance for the survival of such patients.

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