Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.882
Filtrar
1.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(2): 789-801, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31383074

RESUMO

Magnetic Ni0.5Cu0.5Fe2O4/SiO2 nanocomposites were prepared via a solution combustion process, and were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Energy dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (EDX) and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). The magnetic Ni0.5Cu0.5Fe2O4/SiO2 nanocomposites were employed to remove Congo red (CR) from aqueous solution, and the adsorption process was optimized by response surface methodology (RSM). The optimum conditions were the silica content of 12.6 wt%, the calcination temperature of 501 °C and the pH value of 7.13. The adsorption kinetics and the adsorption isotherm of CR onto magnetic Ni0.5Cu0.5Fe2O4/SiO2 nanocomposites at room temperature were investigated, and the intraparticle diffusion kinetics model and Redlich-Peterson isotherm model fitted well the respective process.

2.
J Clin Ultrasound ; 2019 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31486083

RESUMO

Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a serious complication of premature infants, portal venous gas (PVG) under X-ray, and ultrasound is a typical manifestation of this disease. We report a case of a very low birth weight (VLBW) infant with PVG unexpectedly detected by ultrasound before the onset of NEC. After positive ultrasound result, clinical manifestations, X-ray, and lab tests confirmed the diagnosis of NEC. This is the first report of a similar case, demonstrating the value of ultrasonography in prediction or early diagnosis of NEC, which may change our understanding of the disease and the timing of examination.

3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(36): e16763, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31490364

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: It is reported that both adductor canal block (ACB) and femoral nerve block (FNB) are commonly used methods for postoperative analgesia in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. Currently, no record has compared the efficacy of postoperative pain relief and the influence to quadriceps strength between them. This study aims to provide a protocol to compare the efficacy and safety between ACB and FNB for the postoperative analgesia of ACL reconstruction. METHODS: This study will be performed in accordance with the guideline of the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-analysis Protocols. Online databases including PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Wanfang database, and the Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure database will be systematically searched from their inception up May 31, 2019. All randomized controlled trials will be included in present meta-analysis. The quality of enrolled literatures will be evaluated by using the Cochrane Collaboration Risk of bias Tool. Statistical analysis will be calculated by the Review Manager 5.3. RESULTS: This review will investigate the efficacy and safety of ACB compared with FNB in patients undergoing ACL reconstruction. The primary outcomes are visual analog scale, cumulative opioid consumption during 24 hours after surgery, numerical rating scale, and the time to first straight-leg raise. The secondary outcomes include maximal voluntary isometric contraction, stretching torque at 3, 6 months' follow-up, and adverse effects. CONCLUSION: Findings of this systematic review and meta-analysis will summarize the current evidence in postoperative analgesia for ACL reconstruction and also provide implications for clinical practice.

4.
EBioMedicine ; 2019 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31474552

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The objective of the current study was to study the molecular mechanism(s) underlying cardiac troponin I autoantibody (cTnIAAb) binding to cardiomyocyte and resultant myocardial damage/dysfunction. METHODS: cTnIAAb was purified from serum of 10 acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients with left ventricular remodeling. Recombinant human cTnI was used to generate three mouse-derived monoclonal anti-cTnI antibodies (cTnImAb1, cTnImAb2, and cTnImAb3). The target proteins in cardiac myocyte membrane bound to cTnImAb and effect of cTnIAAb and cTnImAb on apoptosis and myocardial function were determined. FINDINGS: We found that cTnIAAb/cTnImAb1 directly bound to the cardiomyocyte membraneα-Enolase (ENO1) and triggered cell apoptosis via increased expression of ENO1 and Bax, decreased expression of Bcl2, subsequently activating Caspase8, Caspase 3, phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) while inhibiting Akt activity. This cTnIAAb-ENO1-PTEN-Akt signaling axis contributed to increased myocardial apoptosis, myocardial collagen deposition, and impaired systolic dysfunction. INTERPRETATION: Results obtained in this study indicate that cTnIAAb is involved in the process of ventricular remodeling after myocardial injury. FUND: The National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant#: 81260026).

6.
Yi Chuan ; 41(8): 686-702, 2019 Aug 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31447420

RESUMO

Spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) are male germline stem cells that reside in the basement membrane of the seminiferous tubule in the testis. SSCs are characterized by their capability of self-renewal to maintain the stem cell pool throughout the lifespan and commitments to germ line after puberty, thus transmitting the genetic information from parents to the SSC-derived progenies. SSCs can be isolated from testis, propagated in vitro, and induced to differentiate into varied germ cells. Although significant progress has been made in the field of rodent SSCs, the SSCs of large animals have advanced slowly. Studies on SSCs of large animal models can offer insights into the physiological and pathological mechanism of human reproduction. Moreover, SSCs of agricultural large animals can be used as an essential tool for multiplication of elite animal individuals, and generation of genetically modified livestock with valuable economic traits. In this review, we summarize the recent progress on SSCs of large animal models for agricultural and medical purposes, and discuss the present problems and future prospects. This review can give an overall view of large animal SSCs as respect to their applications in novel alternative reproductive technologies, generation of transgenic animals, treatment of male infertility and regenerative medicine.

7.
J Environ Manage ; 248: 109341, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31382192

RESUMO

In this work, we have assembled Bi2WO6 nanoparticles on the surface of honeycomb-like porous carbon skeleton (PCS) via a hydrothermal route to achieve a new type of PCS@Bi2WO6 hybrid composite photocatalysts. The PCS@Bi2WO6 hybrid structures are determined by SEM, TEM and XPS characterizations. UV-vis DRS investigation suggests an enhanced visible-light absorption of the PCS@Bi2WO6 composites. Transient photocurrent response, EIS and PL spectroscopy characterizations demonstrate that the composites exhibit an efficient separation of photoproduced electron/hole pairs. The photocatalytic performance of the composites were evaluated by using RhB as the model pollutant and simulated sunlight as the light source. It is revealed that the PCS@Bi2WO6 hybrid composites manifest much enhanced photocatalytic performance. The 5 wt%PCS@Bi2WO6 composite manifests the highest photocatalytic activity, which is ca. 2.1 times as large as that of bare Bi2WO6 nanoparticles. This can be mainly ascribed to two factors: (1) The photogenerated electron/hole pairs in Bi2WO6 are efficiently separated due to the electron transfer between Bi2WO6 and PCS; and (2) PCS induces enhanced visible-light absorption and the visible-light-excited electrons in PCS could also take part in the photocatalytic reactions.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31435645

RESUMO

The relationship of carcinogenesis and DNA methyltransferases has attracted extensive attention in tumor research. We reported previously that inhibition of de novo DNA methyltransferase 3a (Dnmt3a) in murine B16 melanoma cells significantly suppressed tumor growth and metastasis in xenografted mouse model. Here, we further demonstrated that knockdown of Dnmt3a enhanced the proliferation in anchor-independent conditions of B16 cells, but severely disrupted its multipotent differentiation capacity in vitro. Furthermore, transforming growth factor ß1, a key trigger in stem cell differentiation and tumor cell epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), mainly induced apoptosis, but not EMT in Dnmt3a-deficient B16 cells. These data suggested that Dnmt3a is required for maintaining the tumor stemness of B16 cells and it assists B16 cells to escape from death during cell differentiation. Thus it is hypothesized that not only extraordinary self-renewal ability, but also the capacity of multipotent differentiation is necessary for the melanoma tumorigenesis. Inhibition of multipotent differentiation of tumor cells may shed light on the tumor treatment.

9.
Poult Sci ; 2019 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31376353

RESUMO

The liver is an important organ that has pivotal functions in the synthesis of several vital proteins, the metabolism of various biologically useful materials, the detoxification of toxic substances, and immune defense. Most liver functions are not mature at a young age and many changes happen during postnatal liver development, which lead to differential functions of the liver at different developmental stages. However, the transcriptome details of what changes occur in the liver after birth and the molecular mechanisms for the regulation of the developmental process are not clearly known in chickens. Here, we used RNA-sequencing to analyze the transcriptome of chicken liver from the prenatal (at an embryonic day of 13) to the postnatal stages (at 5 wk and 42 wk of age). A total of approximately 161.17 Gb of raw data were obtained, with 4,127 putative and 539 differentially expressed lncRNAs, and with 13,949 putative and 6,370 differentially expressed mRNAs. Coexpression of lncRNAs-mRNAs in hepatic transcriptome analysis showed that the liver plays important roles in providing energy for organisms through the mitochondrial respiratory chain in chickens, meanwhile, acting as a crucial part of antioxidant stress. The developmental transcriptome date revealed that antioxidant defenses are likely to act on chicken embryo development and that significant functional changes during postnatal liver development are associated with the liver maturation of chickens. These results provide a timeline for the functional transcriptome transition from the prenatal to adult stages in chickens and will be helpful to reveal the underlying molecular mechanisms of liver development.

10.
Kaohsiung J Med Sci ; 2019 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31373759

RESUMO

Epilepsy is one of the most common neurological disorders in humans. Recently, long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been reported to be important players in neurological diseases. Herein, this study aimed to examine the effect of lncRNA GAS5 on the occurrence of epilepsy in rat and cell models of epileptic seizure. The expression of lncRNA GAS5 was measured in the established rat and cell models. The binding sites between lncRNA GAS5 and miR-135a-5p, as well as those between miR-135a-5p and 3' untranslated region of KCNQ3 were predicted by miRDB and Targetscan, separately, followed by verification using dual-luciferase reporter gene assay. The expression of miR-135a-5p was measured in response to the overexpression of lncRNA GAS5. The mRNA and protein levels of KCNQ3 were examined in response to overexpression of miR-135a-5p. Next, the latency of epilepsy and frequency of epileptic seizures were assessed in rats injected with Lv-shGAS5 and Lv-miR-135a-5p in epileptic seizure model. In the rat and cell models, lncRNA GAS5 was highly expressed when epileptic seizure was induced. The expression of miR-135a-5p was decreased by overexpression of lncRNA GAS5. Meanwhile, the mRNA and protein levels of KCNQ3 were decreased in response to knockdown of miR-135a-5p. After the treatment of Lv-shGAS5 and Lv-miR-135a-5p, the average latent period of epilepsy was prolonged and the frequency of seizures was decreased. The key findings of the present study provide evidence emphasizing that lncRNA GAS5 functions as a competitive endogenous RNA of miR-135a-5p to increase expression of KCNQ3, and lncRNA GAS5 silencing inhibited the occurrence and progression of epilepsy.

11.
J Food Biochem ; 43(8): e12891, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31368556

RESUMO

Three commercial yeasts strains, namely, Saccharomyces cerevisiae SY, DV10, and Drop Acid Yeast, were used for Dangshan pear wine fermentation. Monitoring main physical and chemical indexes and scoring comprehensive sensory characteristics to find a suitable yeast to produce Dangshan pear wine. The fermentation cycle of SY was short (15 days), and the SY-fermented wine had a suitable sugar-acid ratio, with a residual sugar content of 3.13 ± 0.05 g/L, total acid content of 3.40 ± 0.11 g/L, and ethanol content of 14.1 ± 0.27% (v/v). Additionally, 42 flavor compounds were detected in fermented Dangshan pear wine, and the total amount of flavor compounds was highest in the SY wine (2,584.72 µg/L). Combined with the comprehensive sensory evaluation scores, these results suggest that Saccharomyces cerevisiae SY was the most suitable strain to produce Dangshan pear wine. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: In this study, we compared the physical and chemical indicators of pear wine brewed by different Saccharomyces cerevisiae in the process of fermentation and the final quality of pear wine products. It was concluded that the pear wine produced by Saccharomyces cerevisiae SY had good quality. The study found a strain suitable for the fermentation of pear wine and provided a theoretical basis for the industrial production of pear wine. Next, we can try to use Saccharomyces cerevisiae SY for large-scale production of pear wine and try to sell it on the market.

12.
Nat Microbiol ; 2019 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31406333

RESUMO

A(H3N2) virus predominated recent influenza seasons, which has resulted in the rigorous investigation of haemagglutinin, but whether neuraminidase (NA) has undergone antigenic change and contributed to the predominance of A(H3N2) virus is unknown. Here, we show that the NA of the circulating A(H3N2) viruses has experienced significant antigenic drift since 2016 compared with the A/Hong Kong/4801/2014 vaccine strain. This antigenic drift was mainly caused by amino acid mutations at NA residues 245, 247 (S245N/S247T; introducing an N-linked glycosylation site at residue 245) and 468. As a result, the binding of the NA of A(H3N2) virus by some human monoclonal antibodies, including those that have broad reactivity to the NA of the 1957 A(H2N2) and 1968 A(H3N2) reference pandemic viruses as well as contemporary A(H3N2) strains, was reduced or abolished. This antigenic drift also reduced NA-antibody-based protection against in vivo virus challenge. X-ray crystallography showed that the glycosylation site at residue 245 is within a conserved epitope that overlaps the NA active site, explaining why it impacts antibody binding. Our findings suggest that NA antigenic drift impacts protection against influenza virus infection, thus highlighting the importance of including NA antigenicity for consideration in the optimization of influenza vaccines.

13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(33): e16905, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31415437

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prognosis of patients with coronary artery disease is mainly related to the extent of myocardium at risk. Proximal coronary arteries, especially the proximal left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD), supply a large part of the myocardium. In this analysis, we aimed to systematically compare the post percutaneous coronary interventional (PCI) outcomes observed with proximal vs non-proximal lesions of the left and right coronary arteries. METHODS: MEDLARS Online, Excerpta Medica database, www.ClinicalTrials.gov, and the Cochrane databases were searched for relevant studies comparing the post PCI outcomes reported on proximal vs non-proximal lesions of the coronary arteries. RevMan software version 5.3 was used to analyze the data to generate respective results. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were derived to represent the results appropriately. RESULTS: Six studies with a total number of 11,109 participants who were enrolled between 1990 and 2015 were included in this analysis. The current results showed major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) (OR: 1.28, 95% CI: 1.14-1.45; P = .0001) and mortality (OR: 1.70, 95% CI: 1.43-2.03; P = .00001) to be significantly higher with proximal compared to non-proximal coronary lesions irrespective of the follow-up time periods. However, re-infarction (OR: 1.05, 95% CI: 0.80-1.38; P = .71), repeated revascularization (OR: 1.08, 95% CI: 0.92-1.27; P = .35) and stent thrombosis (OR: 0.59, 95% CI: 0.27-1.31; P = .20) were not significantly different.When patients specifically with LAD lesions were compared with associated non-proximal lesions, mortality was still significantly higher with proximal lesions (OR: 2.26, 95% CI: 1.52-3.36; P = .0001). However, when patients with right proximal coronary artery lesions were compared with the corresponding non-proximal lesions, no significant difference was observed in mortality. CONCLUSION: In-hospital and long-term MACEs and mortality were significantly higher in patients with proximal compared to non-proximal coronary lesions following PCI. In addition, mortality was significantly higher in patients with proximal LAD lesions whereas no significant difference was observed in patients with right proximal coronary artery lesions. Larger trials should further confirm these hypotheses.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Vasos Coronários/patologia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Brain Imaging Behav ; 2019 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31468373

RESUMO

As a relay center between the cerebral cortex and various subcortical brain areas, the thalamus is repeatedly associated with the dysfunction of brain-gut interaction in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). However, the regional morphological alterations of the thalamus in IBS are not well defined. We acquired structural magnetic resonance data from 34 patients with IBS and 34 demographically similar healthy subjects. Data processing was performed using FMRIB's Integrated Registration and Segmentation Tool (FIRST). Volumetric analysis and surface-based vertex analysis were both carried out to characterize the morphology of the thalamus and other subcortical structures. Our results suggested that the majority (31 cases) of the patients with IBS had diarrhea-predominant symptoms. Volumetric analysis revealed a larger normalized volume of the right thalamus and left caudate nucleus in patients with IBS than in healthy controls. Surface analysis indicated that the difference arose mainly from the laterodorsal nucleus of the right thalamus, and the body of the left caudate nucleus. In addition, patients with IBS had different hemispheric asymmetries of the thalamus (rightward) and caudate nucleus (leftward) from controls (leftward for the thalamus and rightward for the caudate nucleus). In general, our results indicated that patients with diarrhea-predominant IBS had enlarged thalamus and caudate nucleus volumes, as well as altered hemispheric asymmetries of these two structures, compared with healthy controls. The neuroimaging evidence of these structural alterations helps clarify the underlying pathophysiology of diarrhea-predominant IBS.

15.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 39(8): 901-6, 2019 Aug 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31397140

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To realize real-time measurement and recording of temperature parameters inside acupoints during acupuncture treatment. METHODS: The fine wire thermocouple was embedded in hollow needle body as acupoint detection probe. According to the structure of acupoint temperature signal processing circuit, the Agilent 34420A nanovolt/micro-eurometer was used to design the technology method of acupoint temperature data acquisition, and an acupoint temperature collection platform was established. In addition, a verification experiment was conducted to verify the feasibility and stability of the system. RESULTS: The contrast experiment with mercury thermometer measurement showed that the temperature measurement curve of the designed acupoint temperature data collection platform was highly consistent with that of the standard thermometer, which verified the stability and reliability of the designed temperature measurement platform. The experiment of animal in-vivo measurement showed that the acupoint temperature probe had good feasibility for in-vivo acupoint temperature measurement. CONCLUSION: Acupoint temperature probe and acupoint temperature data collection technology can measure the temperature inside acupoints, and ensured the accuracy and veracity of the results. As an experimental method of acupoints temperature parameter collection, it can quantitatively record the temperature changes during the acupuncture treatment.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31388948

RESUMO

To efficiently separate photoexcited electron/hole pairs is one of the key points for achieving excellent photocatalysts with high photocatalytic performances. To achieve this aim, here we have assembled CaTiO3 (CTO) nanoparticles onto BiOBr microplates, thus constructing novel Z-scheme CTO@BiOBr heterojunction composite photocatalysts. Observation by scanning/transmission electron microscopy confirms the good decoration of CTO nanoparticles (15-50 nm) on the surface of BiOBr microplates (diameter 0.7-2.2 µm, thickness 70-110 nm). Simulated sunlight was used as the light source, and rhodamine B (RhB) in aqueous solution was used as the model pollutant to assess the photodegradation activity of the samples. It is demonstrated that the CTO@BiOBr composites with an appropriate CTO content exhibit much enhanced photodegradation performances. In particular, the 10%CTO@BiOBr composite with a CTO mass fraction of 10%, which photocatalyzes 99.9% degradation of RhB at 30 min of photocatalysis, has a photocatalytic activity which is about 1.8 and 23.6 times larger than that of bare BiOBr microplates and CTO nanoparticles, respectively. This can be explained as the result of the Z-scheme electron transfer and efficient separation of photoexcited electron/hole pairs, as evidenced by photoluminescence, photocurrent response, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy investigations.

17.
Curr Neurovasc Res ; 2019 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31258086

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The vascular morphology and the characteristics of atherosclerotic plaques in the middle cerebral artery (MCA) have not been fully studied with high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (HR-MRI). PURPOSE: HR-MRI was applied to investigate vascular morphology and atherosclerotic plaque in patients with symptomatic MCA stenosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 343 patients with symptomatic MCA stenosis were enrolled in this study. All patients were examined by HR-MRI to analyze the morphology of MCA and the M1 segment (MCA-M1), the characteristics and the location of the plaques. RESULTS: The proportion of L-shaped MCA-M1 decreased, and the proportion of S-shaped MCA-M1 increased with age. The anterior plaques were the most common in all patients. The superior plaques were relatively common in patients with L-shaped and U-shaped MCA-M1, while the inferior plaques were relatively common in patients with inverted U-shaped and S-shaped MCA-M1. Among all the plaques, the majority were isointense or heterogeneous. The MCA-M1 morphology had no direct relationship with the common risk factors of atherosclerosis and the clinical outcomes of the patients after 12 months of follow up. CONCLUSION: The morphology of MCA-M1 is not directly related to the plaque burden or the degree of stenosis in patients with symptomatic MCA stenosis. The morphology of MCA-M1 is not associated with the risk factors of atherosclerosis, or the clinical outcomes of the patients.

18.
J Bacteriol ; 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31262840

RESUMO

Pseudomonas stutzeri A1501 is a versatile nitrogen-fixing bacterium capable of living in diverse environments and coping with various oxidative stresses. NfiS, a regulatory noncoding RNA (ncRNA) involved in the control of nitrogen fixation in A1501, was previously shown to be required for optimal resistance to H2O2; however, the precise role of NfiS and the target genes involved in the oxidative stress response is entirely unknown. In this work, we systematically investigated the NfiS-based mechanisms underlying the response of this bacterium to H2O2 at the cellular and molecular levels. A mutant strain carrying a deletion of nfiS showed significant downregulation of oxidative response genes, especially katB, a catalase gene, and oxyR, an essential regulator for transcription of catalase genes. Secondary structure prediction revealed two binding sites in NfiS for katB mRNA. Complementation experiments using truncated nfiS genes showed that each of two sites is functional, but not sufficient, for NfiS-mediated regulation of oxidative stress resistance and nitrogenase activities. Microscale thermophoresis assays further indicated direct base-pairing between katB mRNA and NfiS at both sites 1 and 2, thus enhancing the half-life of the transcript. We also demonstrated that katB expression is dependent on OxyR and that both OxyR and KatB are essential for optimal oxidative stress resistance and nitrogenase activities. H2O2 at low concentrations was detoxified by KatB, leaving O2 as a by-product to support nitrogen fixation under O2-insufficient conditions. Moreover, our data suggest that the direct interaction between NfiS and katB mRNA is a conserved and widespread mechanism among P. stutzeri strains.IMPORTANCE Protection against oxygen damage is crucial for survival of nitrogen-fixing bacteria due to the extreme oxygen sensitivity of nitrogenase. This work exemplifies how the small ncRNA, NfiS, coordinates oxidative stress response and nitrogen fixation via base pairing with katB mRNA and nifK mRNA. Hence, NfiS acts as a molecular link to coordinate the expression of genes involved in oxidative stress response and nitrogen fixation. Our study provides the first insight into the biological functions of NfiS in oxidative stress regulation, and adds a new regulation level to the mechanisms that contribute to the oxygen protection of the MoFe nitrogenase.

19.
IUBMB Life ; 2019 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31290617

RESUMO

Mitochondrial dysfunction has been associated with the pathogenesis of a variety of neurodegenerative diseases. Sitagliptin is a dipeptidyl-peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor that has been approved for the treatment of type 2 diabetes (T2DM). In the current study, we report that sitagliptin increased the expression of PGC-1α, NRF1, and TFAM in human SH-SY5Y neuronal cells. Notably, our data indicate that sitagliptin promoted mitochondrial biogenesis by increasing the amount of mtDNA, the levels of mitochondria-related genes such as TOMM20, TOMM40, TIMM9, NDUFS3, ATP5C1, and the expression of oxidative phosphorylation subunits complex I and complex IV. Additionally, we found that sitagliptin induced a "gain of mitochondrial function" in SH-SY5Y cells by increasing the mitochondrial respiratory rate and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) production. Significantly, our results demonstrate that sitagliptin activated the transcriptional factor CREB by inducing its phosphorylation at Ser133. Inhibition of CREB using its specific inhibitor H89 abolished the effects of sitagliptin on the expression of PGC-1α, NRF1, and TFAM, as well as an increase in mtDNA amount and ATP production. These findings suggest that sitagliptin could become a potential agent for the treatment of neurological disorders.

20.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 9617659, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31317044

RESUMO

The yellow catfish (Pelteobagrus fulvidraco) is an important economic freshwater aquaculture species in Asia. However, little is known about its immune response to bacterial pathogen infection. Here, two cytokines, the proinflammatory cytokine interleukin-8 (IL-8) and the anti-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-10 (IL-10), were identified and characterized in the yellow catfish for the first time. We found that the full length of the IL-8 cDNA was 784 bp and contained an open reading frame (ORF) of 336 bp, while the IL-10 gene was 973 bp in length with a 549 bp of ORF. In addition, both the IL-8 and the IL-10 had similar tissue-specific expression patterns. They were more abundant in the spleen and lowest expressed in the liver. Furthermore, IL-10 but not IL-8 was significantly upregulated in the intestine of yellow catfish by feed supplementation of Clostridium butyricum (CB). More importantly, the expression levels of intestinal IL-10 and IL-8 were up- and downregulated by pathogen Aeromonas punctata stimuli with the presence of CB, respectively. Collectively, these results suggest that IL-10 and IL-8 mediate important roles in the immunity of yellow catfish, and feed supplementation of CB may able to reduce the intestinal inflammation caused by bacteria infections through regulating the expression of IL-10 and IL-8.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA