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1.
Cell ; 179(5): 1057-1067.e14, 2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31730849

RESUMO

The transition to a terrestrial environment, termed terrestrialization, is generally regarded as a pivotal event in the evolution and diversification of the land plant flora that changed the surface of our planet. Through phylogenomic studies, a group of streptophyte algae, the Zygnematophyceae, have recently been recognized as the likely sister group to land plants (embryophytes). Here, we report genome sequences and analyses of two early diverging Zygnematophyceae (Spirogloea muscicola gen. nov. and Mesotaenium endlicherianum) that share the same subaerial/terrestrial habitat with the earliest-diverging embryophytes, the bryophytes. We provide evidence that genes (i.e., GRAS and PYR/PYL/RCAR) that increase resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses in land plants, in particular desiccation, originated or expanded in the common ancestor of Zygnematophyceae and embryophytes, and were gained by horizontal gene transfer (HGT) from soil bacteria. These two Zygnematophyceae genomes represent a cornerstone for future studies to understand the underlying molecular mechanism and process of plant terrestrialization.

2.
J Proteome Res ; 2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31773964

RESUMO

The mission of the Chromosome-Centric Human Proteome Project (C-HPP) to discover Missing Proteins (MP) has become increasingly difficult due to the remaining low-abundance, high-hydrophobicity or low-molecular-weight MPs. We have reported two approaches to resolving these identification problems for the low-abundance and high-hydrophobicity MPs. In this study, to improve the identification of low-abundance MPs with high hydrophobicity, we combined two approaches and obtained MPs from several different cancer cell lines. Their membrane fractions were isolated by ultracentrifugation, and the low-abundance proteins were enriched at the protein level with the ProteoMiner kit. After that, the peptides from the enriched proteins were separated by high concentrations of organic solvents according to their hydrophobicity as the first dimension of separation at the peptide level, and the second and third dimensions of separation involved a high pH reversed-phase and an acid reversed-phase column, respectively. In total, 16 MPs (at least 2 non-nested unique peptides with ≥9 amino acids) with 61 unique peptides were identified from 4 human cancer cell lines, including 2, 8, 2 and 7 MPs from HeLa, HCT116, SNU-1 and HepG2 cells, respectively. Furthermore, all MPs were verified with two non-nested unique peptides through parallel reaction monitoring (PRM) by matching the peptides with their chemically synthesized peptides. Interestingly, 2 additional MPs were verified from the same cell line by PRM assay, although the 2 non-nested unique peptides with ≥9 amino acids for each MP were identified from different MS injections or cell lines by DDA. Thus a total of 18 MPs were dig out in this study. The data are available via ProteomeXchange (PXD014058) and PeptideAtlas (PASS01388).

3.
Cell Stem Cell ; 2019 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31761722

RESUMO

Increased understanding of the functions of lactate has suggested a close relationship between lactate homeostasis and normal brain activity because of its importance as an energy source and signaling molecule. Here we show that lactate levels affect adult hippocampal neurogenesis. Cerebrovascular-specific deletion of PTEN causes learning and memory deficits and disrupts adult neurogenesis with accompanying lactate accumulation. Consistently, administering lactate to wild-type animals impairs adult hippocampal neurogenesis. The endothelial PTEN/Akt pathway increases monocarboxylic acid transporter 1 (MCT1) expression to enhance lactate transport across the brain endothelium. Moreover, cerebrovascular overexpression of MCT1 or deletion of Akt1 restores MCT1 expression, decreases lactate levels, and normalizes hippocampal neurogenesis and cognitive function in PTEN mutant mice. Together, these findings delineate how the brain endothelium maintains lactate homeostasis and contributes to adult hippocampal neurogenesis and cognitive functions.

4.
Am J Hum Genet ; 2019 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31679651

RESUMO

Recurrent miscarriage (RM) affects millions of couples globally, and half of them have no demonstrated etiology. Genome sequencing (GS) is an enhanced and novel cytogenetic tool to define the contribution of chromosomal abnormalities in human diseases. In this study we evaluated its utility in RM-affected couples. We performed low-pass GS retrospectively for 1,090 RM-affected couples, all of whom had routine chromosome analysis. A customized sequencing and interpretation pipeline was developed to identify chromosomal rearrangements and deletions/duplications with confirmation by fluorescence in situ hybridization, chromosomal microarray analysis, and PCR studies. Low-pass GS yielded results in 1,077 of 1,090 couples (98.8%) and detected 127 chromosomal abnormalities in 11.7% (126/1,077) of couples; both members of one couple were identified with inversions. Of the 126 couples, 39.7% (50/126) had received former diagnostic results by karyotyping characteristic of normal human male or female karyotypes. Low-pass GS revealed additional chromosomal abnormalities in 50 (4.0%) couples, including eight with balanced translocations and 42 inversions. Follow-up studies of these couples showed a higher miscarriage/fetal-anomaly rate of 5/10 (50%) compared to 21/93 (22.6%) in couples with normal GS, resulting in a relative risk of 2.2 (95% confidence interval, 1.1 to 4.6). In these couples, this protocol significantly increased the diagnostic yield of chromosomal abnormalities per couple (11.7%) in comparison to chromosome analysis (8.0%, chi-square test p = 0.000751). In summary, low-pass GS identified underlying chromosomal aberrations in 1 in 9 RM-affected couples, enabling identification of a subgroup of couples with increased risk of subsequent miscarriage who would benefit from a personalized intervention.

5.
FEBS Open Bio ; 2019 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31622538

RESUMO

Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT), which is thought to have the potential to correct dysbiosis of gut microbiota, has been used to treat inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) for almost a decade. Here, we report an interventional prospective cohort study performed to elucidate the extent of and processes underlying microbiota engraftment in IBD patients after FMT treatment. The cohort included two categories of patients: (1) patients with moderate to severe Crohn's disease (CD)(Harvey-Bradshaw Index ≥ 7, n = 11) and (2) patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) (Montreal classification S2 and S3, n = 4). All patients were treated with a single FMT (via mid-gut, from healthy donors) and follow-up visits were performed at baseline, 3 days, one week, and one month after FMT (missing time points included). At each follow-up time point, fecal samples and clinical metadata were collected. For comparative analysis, 10 fecal samples from 10 healthy donors were included to represent the diversity level of normal gut microbiota. Additionally, the metagenomic data of 25 fecal samples from 5 individuals with metabolic syndrome who underwent autologous FMT treatment were downloaded from a previous published paper to represent fluctuations in microbiota induced during FMT. All fecal samples underwent shotgun metagenomic sequencing. We found that 3 days after FMT, 11 out of 15 recipients were in remission (3 out of 4 UC recipients; 8 out of 11 CD recipients). Generally, bacterial colonization was observed to be lower in CD recipients than in UC recipients at both species and strain levels. Furthermore, across species, different strains displayed disease-specific displacement advantages under two-disease status. Finally, most post-FMT species (> 80%) could be properly predicted (AUC > 85%) using a random forest classification model, with the gut microbiota composition and clinical parameters of pre-FMT recipients acting as factors that contribute to prediction accuracy.

6.
J Proteome Res ; 2019 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31592669

RESUMO

Identifying more missing proteins (MPs) is an important mission of C-HPP. With the number of identified MPs being attenuated year by year (2,949 to 2,129 MPs from 2016 to 2019), we have realized that the difficulty of exploring the remaining MPs is a challenge in technique. Herein, we propose a comprehensive strategy to effectively enrich, separate, and identify proteins with low molecular weights, aiming at the discovery of MPs. Basically, a protein extract from human placenta was passed through a C18 SPE column, and the bound proteins that were eluted were further separated with an SDS-PAGE gel or a 50 kDa cutoff filter. The separated proteins were subjected to trypsin digestion, and the MS/MS signals were searched against data sets with two different digestion modes (full-trypsin and semitrypsin). The strategy was adopted, resulting in the identification of 4 MPs with 8 unique peptides (≥2 non-nested unique peptides with ≥9 amino acids). Importantly, the identification of 6 out of 8 of the unique peptides derived from the MPs was further supported by parallel reaction monitoring, which confirmed the identification of 3 MPs from human placenta tissues (Q6NT89: TMF-regulated nuclear protein 1; A0A183: late cornified envelope protein 6A; and Q6UWQ7: insulin growth factor-like family member 2, mapped to chromosomes 1, 1, and 19, respectively). The three proteins ranged in length from 80 aa to 227 aa. The study not only establishes a feasible strategy for analyzing proteins with low molecular weights but also fills a small part of a large gap in the list of MPs. The data obtained in this study are available via ProteomeXchange (PXD014083) and PeptideAtlas (PASS01389).

7.
Gigascience ; 8(10)2019 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574156

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The African eggplant (Solanum aethiopicum) is a nutritious traditional vegetable used in many African countries, including Uganda and Nigeria. It is thought to have been domesticated in Africa from its wild relative, Solanum anguivi. S. aethiopicum has been routinely used as a source of disease resistance genes for several Solanaceae crops, including Solanum melongena. A lack of genomic resources has meant that breeding of S. aethiopicum has lagged behind other vegetable crops. RESULTS: We assembled a 1.02-Gb draft genome of S. aethiopicum, which contained predominantly repetitive sequences (78.9%). We annotated 37,681 gene models, including 34,906 protein-coding genes. Expansion of disease resistance genes was observed via 2 rounds of amplification of long terminal repeat retrotransposons, which may have occurred ∼1.25 and 3.5 million years ago, respectively. By resequencing 65 S. aethiopicum and S. anguivi genotypes, 18,614,838 single-nucleotide polymorphisms were identified, of which 34,171 were located within disease resistance genes. Analysis of domestication and demographic history revealed active selection for genes involved in drought tolerance in both "Gilo" and "Shum" groups. A pan-genome of S. aethiopicum was assembled, containing 51,351 protein-coding genes; 7,069 of these genes were missing from the reference genome. CONCLUSIONS: The genome sequence of S. aethiopicum enhances our understanding of its biotic and abiotic resistance. The single-nucleotide polymorphisms identified are immediately available for use by breeders. The information provided here will accelerate selection and breeding of the African eggplant, as well as other crops within the Solanaceae family.

8.
EBioMedicine ; 47: 373-383, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492563

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The gut microbiota plays important roles in modulating host metabolism. Previous studies have demonstrated differences in the gut microbiome of T2D and prediabetic individuals compared to healthy individuals, with distinct disease-related microbial profiles being reported in groups of different age and ethnicity. However, confounding factors such as anti-diabetic medication hamper identification of the gut microbial changes in disease development. METHOD: We used a combination of in-depth metagenomics and metaproteomics analyses of faecal samples from treatment-naïve type 2 diabetic (TN-T2D, n = 77), pre-diabetic (Pre-DM, n = 80), and normal glucose tolerant (NGT, n = 97) individuals to investigate compositional and functional changes of the gut microbiota and the faecal content of microbial and host proteins in Pre-DM and treatment-naïve T2D individuals to elucidate possible host-microbial interplays characterizing different disease stages. FINDINGS: We observed distinct differences characterizing the gut microbiota of these three groups and validated several key features in an independent TN-T2D cohort. We also demonstrated that the content of several human antimicrobial peptides and pancreatic enzymes differed in faecal samples between three groups. INTERPRETATION: Our findings suggest a complex, disease stage-dependent interplay between the gut microbiota and the host and point to the value of metaproteomics to gain further insight into interplays between the gut microbiota and the host. FUND: The study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 31601073), the National Key Research and Development Program of China (No. 2017YFC0909703) and the Shenzhen Municipal Government of China (No. JCYJ20170817145809215). The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.

9.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 4201, 2019 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31519986

RESUMO

As Charles Darwin anticipated, living fossils provide excellent opportunities to study evolutionary questions related to extinction, competition, and adaptation. Ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba L.) is one of the oldest living plants and a fascinating example of how people have saved a species from extinction and assisted its resurgence. By resequencing 545 genomes of ginkgo trees sampled from 51 populations across the world, we identify three refugia in China and detect multiple cycles of population expansion and reduction along with glacial admixture between relict populations in the southwestern and southern refugia. We demonstrate multiple anthropogenic introductions of ginkgo from eastern China into different continents. Further analyses reveal bioclimatic variables that have affected the geographic distribution of ginkgo and the role of natural selection in ginkgo's adaptation and resilience. These investigations provide insights into the evolutionary history of ginkgo trees and valuable genomic resources for further addressing various questions involving living fossil species.

10.
Mol Psychiatry ; 2019 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31391545

RESUMO

Accumulating evidence suggests that gut microbiota plays a role in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia via the microbiota-gut-brain axis. This study sought to investigate whether transplantation of fecal microbiota from drug-free patients with schizophrenia into specific pathogen-free mice could cause schizophrenia-like behavioral abnormalities. The results revealed that transplantation of fecal microbiota from schizophrenic patients into antibiotic-treated mice caused behavioral abnormalities such as psychomotor hyperactivity, impaired learning and memory in the recipient animals. These mice also showed elevation of the kynurenine-kynurenic acid pathway of tryptophan degradation in both periphery and brain, as well as increased basal extracellular dopamine in prefrontal cortex and 5-hydroxytryptamine in hippocampus, compared with their counterparts receiving feces from healthy controls. Furthermore, colonic luminal filtrates from the mice transplanted with patients' fecal microbiota increased both kynurenic acid synthesis and kynurenine aminotransferase II activity in cultured hepatocytes and forebrain cortical slices. Sixty species of donor-derived bacteria showed significant difference between the mice colonized with the patients' and the controls' fecal microbiota, highlighting 78 differentially enriched functional modules including tryptophan biosynthesis function. In conclusion, our study suggests that the abnormalities in the composition of gut microbiota contribute to the pathogenesis of schizophrenia partially through the manipulation of tryptophan-kynurenine metabolism.

11.
Bioinformatics ; 2019 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31373607

RESUMO

MOTIVATION: T and B cell receptors (TCRs and BCRs) play a pivotal role in the adaptive immune system by recognizing an enormous variety of external and internal antigens. Understanding these receptors is critical for exploring the process of immunoreaction and exploiting potential applications in immunotherapy and antibody drug design. Although a large number of samples have had their TCR and BCR repertoires sequenced using high-throughput sequencing in recent years, very few databases have been constructed to store these kinds of data. To resolve this issue, we developed a database. RESULTS: We developed a database, the Pan Immune Repertoire Database (PIRD), located in China National GeneBank (CNGBdb), to collect and store annotated TCR and BCR sequencing data, including from Homo sapiens and other species. In addition to data storage, PIRD also provides functions of data visualisation and interactive online analysis. Additionally, a manually curated database of TCRs and BCRs targeting known antigens (TBAdb) was also deposited in PIRD. AVAILABILITY AND IMPLEMENTATION: PIRD can be freely accessed at https://db.cngb.org/pird.

12.
J Proteome Res ; 18(9): 3235-3244, 2019 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31364357

RESUMO

Database searches of MS/MS spectra are the main approach to peptide/protein identification in proteomics. Since most database search engines only utilize a small portion of the original MS/MS signals for peptide detection, how to improve the quality of MS/MS signals is a primary concern for enhancement of the peptide/protein identification rate. A fundamental issue is that some noise MS signals, informative or uninformative, have to be filtered out prior to database searching. Herein, an integrative preprocessing algorithm was designed, termed pClean, which incorporates three modules to preprocess MS/MS spectra, such as the removal of isobaric-labeling related ions, the reduction in isotopic peaks, the deconvolution of ions with higher charges, and the clearance of uninformative MS/MS signals. In contrast to the currently available approaches to MS/MS data preprocessing, pClean enables treatment of MS/MS spectra with high mass accuracy and favors filtering for the labeling or nonlabeling of peptides. Data sets at various scales gained from mass spectrometers with high resolution were used to assess the quality of peptides identified after pClean treatment and to compare the pClean improvement with those of other software programs. On the basis of the analysis of peptides identified and the Mascot ion score, pClean was proven to be effective in the removal of mass spectral noise and the reduction of random matching. Compared with other software programs, pClean appeared to be beneficial in terms of preprocessing performances for the enhancement of confidence scores and the increase in peptides identified. pClean is available at https://github.com/AimeeD90/pClean_release .

14.
Lung Cancer ; 134: 108-116, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31319968

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) testing in plasma in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has the potential to be a supplemental or surrogate tool for tissue biopsy. Detection of genomic abnormalities in ctDNA and their association with clinical characteristics in early-stage NSCLC need to be clarified. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Here, we comprehensively analyzed gene variations of 48 tumor tissues and 48 matched preoperative (pre-op) plasma and 25 postoperative (post-op) plasma from early-stage NSCLC patients using a targeted 546 genes capture-based next generation sequencing (NGS) assay. RESULTS: In early-stage NSCLC, the average mutation allele frequency (MAF) in pre-op plasma ctDNA was lower than that in tissue DNA (tDNA). The concordant gene variations between pre-op ctDNA and tDNA were difficult to detect. However, we found the tissue- pre-op plasma concordant ctDNA mutation detection ratio in lung squamous cell carcinoma (LUSC) was much higher than that in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD). We also established a LUSC-LUAD classification model by a least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) based approach to help separate LUAD from LUSC based on ctDNA profiling. This model included 14 gene mutations and extracted an accuracy of 89.2% in the training set and 91.5% in the testing set. Correlation analysis showed tDNA-ctDNA concordant ratio was related to histologic subtype, gene mutations and tumor size in early-stage NSCLC. CONCLUSION: This study suggests histology subtype and gene mutations could affect ctDNA detection in early-stage NSCLC. NGS-based ctDNA profile has the potential utility in LUSC-LUAD classification.

15.
Microbiome ; 7(1): 107, 2019 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31315667

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Early treatment is key for optimizing the therapeutic success of drugs, and the current initiating treatment that blocks the progression of bone destruction during the pre-arthritic stages remains unsatisfactory. The microbial disorder in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients is significantly reversed with effective treatment. Modulating aberrant gut microbiomes into a healthy state is a potential therapeutic approach for preventing bone damage. RESULTS: By using metagenomic shotgun sequencing and a metagenome-wide association study, we assessed the effect of Lactobacillus casei (L. casei) on the induction of arthritis as well as on the associated gut microbiota and immune disorders in adjuvant-induced arthritis (AIA) rats. Treatment of AIA rats with L. casei inhibited joint swelling, lowered arthritis scores, and prevented bone destruction. Along with the relief of arthritis symptoms, dysbiosis in the microbiome of arthritic rats was significantly reduced after L. casei intervention. The relative abundance of AIA-decreased Lactobacillus strains, including Lactobacillus hominis, Lactobacillus reuteri, and Lactobacillus vaginalis, were restored to normal and Lactobacillus acidophilus was upregulated by the administration of L. casei to the AIA rats. Moreover, L. casei downregulated the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines, which are closely linked to the effect of the L. casei treatment-associated microbes. Functionally, the maintenance of the redox balance of oxidative stress was involved in the improvement in the L. casei-treated AIA rats. CONCLUSION: A single bacterium, L. casei (ATCC334), was able to significantly suppress the induction of AIA and protect bones from destruction in AIA rats by restoring the microbiome dysbiosis in the gut, indicating that using probiotics may be a promising strategy for treating RA, especially in the early stage of the disease.

16.
Sci Data ; 6(1): 124, 2019 07 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31316072

RESUMO

Asparagus bean (Vigna. unguiculata ssp. sesquipedialis), known for its very long and tender green pods, is an important vegetable crop broadly grown in the developing Asian countries. In this study, we reported a 632.8 Mb assembly (549.81 Mb non-N size) of asparagus bean based on the whole genome shotgun sequencing strategy. We also generated a linkage map for asparagus bean, which helped anchor 94.42% of the scaffolds into 11 pseudo-chromosomes. A total of 42,609 protein-coding genes and 3,579 non-protein-coding genes were predicted from the assembly. Taken together, these genomic resources of asparagus bean will help develop a pan-genome of V. unguiculata and facilitate the investigation of economically valuable traits in this species, so that the cultivation of this plant would help combat the protein and energy malnutrition in the developing world.

17.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 3108, 2019 07 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31311932

RESUMO

Pulmonary lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma (LELC) is a rare and distinct subtype of primary lung cancer characterized by Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection. Herein, we reported the mutational landscape of pulmonary LELC using whole-exome sequencing, targeted deep sequencing and single-nucleotide polymorphism arrays. We identify a low degree of somatic mutation but widespread existence of copy number variations. We reveal predominant signature 2 mutations and frequent loss of type I interferon genes that are involved in the host-virus counteraction. Integrated analysis shows enrichment of genetic lesions affecting several critical pathways, including NF-κB, JAK/STAT, and cell cycle. Notably, multi-dimensional comparison unveils that pulmonary LELC resemble NPC but are clearly different from other lung cancers, natural killer/T-cell lymphoma or EBV-related gastric cancer in terms of genetic features. In all, our study illustrates a distinct genomic landscape of pulmonary LELC and provides a road map to facilitate genome-guided personalized treatment.

18.
Genetics ; 212(4): 1421-1428, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31196864

RESUMO

Present-day humans outside Africa descend mainly from a single expansion out ∼50,000-70,000 years ago, but many details of this expansion remain unclear, including the history of the male-specific Y chromosome at this time. Here, we reinvestigate a rare deep-rooting African Y-chromosomal lineage by sequencing the whole genomes of three Nigerian men described in 2003 as carrying haplogroup DE* Y chromosomes, and analyzing them in the context of a calibrated worldwide Y-chromosomal phylogeny. We confirm that these three chromosomes do represent a deep-rooting DE lineage, branching close to the DE bifurcation, but place them on the D branch as an outgroup to all other known D chromosomes, and designate the new lineage D0. We consider three models for the expansion of Y lineages out of Africa ∼50,000-100,000 years ago, incorporating migration back to Africa where necessary to explain present-day Y-lineage distributions. Considering both the Y-chromosomal phylogenetic structure incorporating the D0 lineage, and published evidence for modern humans outside Africa, the most favored model involves an origin of the DE lineage within Africa with D0 and E remaining there, and migration out of the three lineages (C, D, and FT) that now form the vast majority of non-African Y chromosomes. The exit took place 50,300-81,000 years ago (latest date for FT lineage expansion outside Africa - earliest date for the D/D0 lineage split inside Africa), and most likely 50,300-59,400 years ago (considering Neanderthal admixture). This work resolves a long-running debate about Y-chromosomal out-of-Africa/back-to-Africa migrations, and provides insights into the out-of-Africa expansion more generally.

19.
FEBS Open Bio ; 9(9): 1552-1560, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31250988

RESUMO

Helicobacter pylori infection (HPI) is a prevalent infectious disease associated with gastric ulcer, gastric cancer, and many nongastrointestinal disorders. To identify genes that may serve as microbial markers for HPI, we performed shotgun metagenomic sequencing of fecal samples from 313 Chinese volunteers who had undergone a C14 breath test. Through comparing differences in intestinal microbial community structure between H. pylori-positive and H. pylori-negative individuals, we identified 58 HPI-associated microbial species (P < 0.05, Wilcoxon test). A classifier based on microbial species markers showed high diagnostic ability for HPI (AUC = 0.84). Furthermore, levels of gut microbial vitamin B12 (VB12) biosynthesis and plasma VB12 were significantly lower in H. pylori-positive individuals compared with H. pylori-negative individuals (P < 0.05, Wilcoxon test). This study reveals that certain alterations in gut microbial species and functions are associated with HPI and shows that gut microbial shift in HPI patients may indirectly elevate the risk of VB12 deficiency.

20.
J Zhejiang Univ Sci B ; 20(5): 371-372, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31090262

RESUMO

The College of Life Sciences (CLS) remains one of the most prestigious-and the oldest-colleges in Zhejiang University. This special issue, which includes 16 reviews contributed by our alumni and faculties, is dedicated to mark the 90th Anniversary of CLS. The reviews provide a glimpse of current progresses in the areas of life sciences such as biochemical processes and their association with diseases (Ding et al., 2019; Hu et al., 2019; Jin et al., 2019; Nie and Yi, 2019), cancer biology (Feng, 2019; Huang et al., 2019; Leonard and Zhang, 2019; Zhu F et al., 2019), plant and environmental microbiology (Li et al., 2019; Yang et al., 2019; Zhu XR et al., 2019), cell cycle (Gao and Liu, 2019; Zhang et al., 2019), RNA biology (Gudenas et al., 2019; Luo et al., 2019), and protein structural biology (Yang and Tang, 2019).

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