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1.
Ultrason Sonochem ; 36: 70-77, 2017 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28069241

RESUMO

2-Methacryloyloxy ethyl trimethyl ammonium chloride (TMA) is a potent polymeric plasma DNA (pDNA) carrier. The present study shows that TMA/pDNA polyplexes could be internalized into cells efficiently, but could not mediate gene transfection on its own. The transfection process of TMA/pDNA polyplexes is turned on only when ultrasound (US) was applied 4-8h after incubating TMA/pDNA polyplexes with target cells (with a gene expression 1000 times that of the immediate US group). US is a widely used physical method for gene delivery; its transfection efficiency can be significantly enhanced when combined with cationic polymer vectors. Traditionally, US is given simultaneously with genetic materials, carriers and microbubbles to exert maximal efficacy. The unique on-off phenomenon of TMA/pDNA polyplexes, controlled by US exposure, was found to relate to the endosomal escape effect of US since the polyplexes colocalized well with the lysosome marker if no US was given or was given at inappropriate times. The proposed delivery system using US and TMA carriers has potential in many pharmaceutical applications requiring precise temporal and spatial release control.


Assuntos
DNA/química , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Espaço Intracelular/metabolismo , Compostos de Amônio Quaternário/química , Ondas Ultrassônicas , Animais , DNA/genética , DNA/metabolismo , Camundongos , Células NIH 3T3 , Transfecção
2.
Langmuir ; 31(22): 6130-6, 2015 Jun 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25985827

RESUMO

Polyethylenimine (PEI) and poly(2-(dimethylamino) ethyl methacrylate) (PDMAEMA) have both been used for DNA delivery. PDMAEMA has been shown to exhibit better gene transfection efficiency but lower expression ability than PEI. We mixed the two polymers at different ratios to investigate whether the resulting "dual" polyplex (PEI/PDMAEMA/DNA) could enhance both gene transfection efficiency and DNA expression ability. Experimental results showed a significant increase in DNA internalization and DNA expression for the PDMAEMA/PEI/DNA polyplexes at a ratio of 1:3 or 1:9 (PDMAEMA: PEI), depending on cell type, in comparison with PEI/DNA, PDMAEMA/DNA, and PDMAEMA/PEI/DNA at other ratios. PDMAEMA/PEI/DNA polyplexes did not reduce cell viability. In contrast to with the conventional approach using covalently modified PEI, the proposed "combination" approach provided a more convenient and effective way to improve transgene expression efficiency.


Assuntos
DNA/genética , Técnicas de Transferência de Genes , Metacrilatos/química , Nylons/química , Polietilenoimina/química , Transgenes/genética , Animais , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Metacrilatos/farmacologia , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Células NIH 3T3 , Nylons/farmacologia , Polietilenoimina/farmacologia , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/genética
3.
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces ; 118: 254-60, 2014 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24794801

RESUMO

Three well-defined diblock copolymers made of poly(sulfobetaine methacrylate) (poly(SBMA)) and poly(propylene oxide) (PPO) groups were synthesized by atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) method. They were physically adsorbed onto three types of surfaces having different topography, including smooth flat surface, convex surface, and indented surface. Chemical state of surfaces was characterized by XPS while the various topographies were examined by SEM and AFM. Hydrophilicity of surfaces was dependent on both the surface chemistry and the surface topography, suggesting that orientation of copolymer brushes can be tuned in the design of surfaces aimed at resisting bacterial attachment. Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Streptococcus mutans and Escherichia coli with green fluorescent protein (E. coli GFP) were used in bacterial tests to assess the resistance to bacterial attachment of poly(SBMA)-covered surfaces. Results highlighted a drastic improvement of resistance to bacterial adhesion with the increasing of poly(SBMA) to PPO ratio, as well as an important effect of surface topography. The chemical effect was directly related to the length of the hydrophilic moieties. When longer, more water could be entrapped, leading to improved anti-bacterial properties. The physical effect impacted on the orientation of the copolymer brushes, as well as on the surface contact area available. Convex surfaces as well as indented surfaces wafer presented the best resistance to bacterial adhesion. Indeed, bacterial attachment was more importantly reduced on these surfaces compared with smooth surfaces. It was explained by the non-orthogonal orientation of copolymer brushes, resulting in a more efficient surface coverage of zwitterionic molecules. This work suggests that not only the control of surface chemistry is essential in the preparation of surfaces resisting bacterial attachment, but also the control of surface topography and orientation of antifouling moieties.


Assuntos
Aderência Bacteriana/efeitos dos fármacos , Metacrilatos/farmacologia , Polímeros/farmacologia , Propilenoglicóis/farmacologia , Incrustação Biológica , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Íons , Microscopia de Força Atômica , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Staphylococcus epidermidis/efeitos dos fármacos , Streptococcus mutans/efeitos dos fármacos , Propriedades de Superfície , Água/química
4.
Langmuir ; 30(22): 6489-96, 2014 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24832682

RESUMO

In this work, the hemocompatibility of polyampholyte copolymers from the mixed-charge copolymerization of negatively charged 3-sulfopropyl methacrylate (SA) and positively charged [2-(methacryloyloxy)ethyl] trimethylammonium (TMA) was studied. Charge-bias variation of the prepared poly(SA-co-TMA) copolymers can be controlled using the regulated SA and TMA monomer ratio via homogeneous free radical copolymerization. A systematic study of how charge-bias variations in poly(SA-co-TMA) copolymers affect the hemocompatibility in human blood plasma was reported. The hydrodynamic size of prepared polymers and copolymers is determined to illustrate the correlations between intermolecular cationic/anionic associations and the blood compatibility of polySA, poly(SA-co-TMA), and polyTMA suspensions in human blood plasma. It was found that the protein resistance and hydration capability of prepared copolymers can be effectively controlled by regulating the charge balance of the SA/TMA compositions in poly(SA-co-TMA). The results suggest that polyampholyte copolymers of poly(SA-co-TMA) with overall charge neutrality have a high hydration capability and the best antifouling, anticoagulant, and antihemolytic activities as well as zwitterionic sulfobetaine-based homopolymers when in contact with blood plasma at human body temperature.


Assuntos
Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Polímeros/química , Materiais Biocompatíveis/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Metacrilatos/química , Polímeros/efeitos adversos
5.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 6(5): 3201-10, 2014 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24513459

RESUMO

This works reports a set of new functionalized polyethyleneimine (PEI) polymers, including a neutral PEGylated polymer PEI-g-PEGMA, a negatively charged polymer PEI-g-SA, and a zwitterionic polymer PEI-g-SBMA, and their use as antibiofouling coating agent for human teeth protection. Polymers were synthesized by Michael addition, XPS analysis revealed that each polymer could be efficiently coated onto hydroxyapatite, ceramic material used as a model tooth. Polymers carrying a negative net charge were more efficiently adsorbed, because of the establishment of electrostatic interactions with calcium ions. Protein adsorption tests revealed that two factors were important in the reduction of protein adsorption. Both the surface charge and the surface ability to bind and entrap water molecules had to be considered. PEI-g-SBMA, which zeta potential in PBS solution was negative, was efficient to inhibit the adsorption of BSA, a negative protein. On the other hand, it also resisted the adsorption of lysozyme, a positive protein, because zwitterionic molecules can easily entrap water and provide a very hydrophilic environment. Streptococcus mutans attachment tests performed unveiled that all modified polymers were efficient to resist this type of bacteria responsible for dental carries. Best results were also obtained with PEI-g-SBMA coating. This polymer was also shown to efficiently resist the adsorption of positively charged bacteria (Stenotrophomonas maltophilia). Tests performed on real human tooth showed that PEI-g-SBMA could inhibit up to 70% of bacteria adhesion, which constitutes a major result considering that surface of teeth is very rough, therefore physically promoting the attachment of proteins and bacteria.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/microbiologia , Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Materiais Dentários/síntese química , Durapatita/química , Metacrilatos/química , Polietilenoglicóis/química , Dente/microbiologia , Aderência Bacteriana/efeitos dos fármacos , Materiais Dentários/química , Humanos , Metacrilatos/síntese química , Polietilenoglicóis/síntese química , Streptococcus mutans/efeitos dos fármacos , Streptococcus mutans/fisiologia , Propriedades de Superfície
6.
Langmuir ; 29(32): 10183-93, 2013 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23906111

RESUMO

Stable biofouling resistance is significant for general filtration requirements, especially for the improvement of membrane lifetime. A systematic group of hyper-brush PEGylated diblock copolymers containing poly(ethylene glycol) methacrylate (PEGMA) and polystyrene (PS) was synthesized using an atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) method and varying PEGMA lengths. This study demonstrates the antibiofouling membrane surfaces by self-assembled anchoring PEGylated diblock copolymers of PS-b-PEGMA on the microporous poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) membrane. Two types of copolymers are used to modify the PVDF surface, one with different PS/PEGMA molar ratios in a range from 0.3 to 2.7 but the same PS molecular weights (MWs, ∼5.7 kDa), the other with different copolymer MWs (∼11.4, 19.9, and 34.1 kDa) but the similar PS/PEGMA ratio (∼1.7 ± 0.2). It was found that the adsorption capacities of diblock copolymers on PVDF membranes decreased as molar mass ratios of PS/PEGMA ratio reduced or molecular weights of PS-b-PEGMA increased because of steric hindrance. The increase in styrene content in copolymer enhanced the stability of polymer anchoring on the membrane, and the increase in PEGMA content enhanced the protein resistance of membranes. The optimum PS/PEGMA ratio was found to be in the range between 1.5 and 2.0 with copolymer MWs above 20.0 kDa for the ultrastable resistance of protein adsorption on the PEGylated PVDF membranes. The PVDF membrane coated with such a diblock copolymer owned excellent biofouling resistance to proteins of BSA and lysozyme as well as bacterium of Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus epidermidis and high stable microfiltration operated with domestic wastewater solution in a membrane bioreactor.


Assuntos
Incrustação Biológica/prevenção & controle , Polietilenoglicóis/química , Polivinil/química , Polivinil/síntese química , Animais , Bovinos , Escherichia coli/química , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Estrutura Molecular , Muramidase/química , Muramidase/metabolismo , Soroalbumina Bovina/química , Staphylococcus epidermidis/química , Propriedades de Superfície
7.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 25(3): 155-7, 2005 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16312917

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To search for a method for increasing therapeutic effect on hypertension and study on the mechanism. METHODS: Seventy-five cases were randomly divided into the treatment group (n=45) treated by acupuncture plus medicine, and the control group (n=30) treated by medicine. Their blood pressure and plasma neuropeptide Y (NPY) before and after treatment were investigated. RESULTS: Blood pressure and NPY content in both the two groups decreased significantly (P < 0.01), and the treatment group in decreasing blood pressure and NPY content was superior to the control group (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Acupuncture and medicine have cooperation in treatment of hypertension, which is performed possibly through decreasing NPY.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Neuropeptídeo Y , Terapia por Acupuntura , Pressão Sanguínea , Determinação da Pressão Arterial , Humanos , Neuropeptídeo Y/sangue
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