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1.
Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 55(10): 957-961, 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33036511

RESUMO

Objective: The aim of this study was to design and perform "Tap-hammer"system that can be used to elicit vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (VEMP) in normal adults and to report the preliminary results of this system. Methods: A triggered Tap-hammer was designed, made and connected with an electric recording system, to form as a system for Tap-VEMP recording. Twenty healthy adult volunteers (7 males and 13 females, aged 20 to 37 years, 40 ears in total) were recruited for air-conducted sound VEMP (ACS-VEMP) and Tap-VEMP examinations. Waveforms and parameters of both VEMPs were recorded and analyzed. SPSS 22.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Results: The response rates of ACS-, Tap-ocular VEMP (oVEMP) and ACS-, Tap-cervical VEMP (cVEMP) were both 100% (40/40). The mean±SD n1 latency, p1 latency, n1-p1 interval, amplitude, and asymmetry ratio (AR%) of Tap-oVEMP were (9.80±2.51)ms, (13.90±3.26)ms, (4.09±1.43)ms, (16.43±9.61)µV, (22.68±17.35)% respectively. The mean±SD p1 latency, n1 latency, p1-n1 interval, amplitude, and asymmetry ratio (AR%) of Tap-cVEMP were (13.26±2.07)ms, (21.84±2.89)ms, (8.58±2.10)ms, (457.65±274.94)µV, (20.42±13.46)% respectively. Both n1 latency and p1 latency of Tap-VEMPs were shorter than those in ACS-VEMPs (P<0.05). No statistical difference could be found between the two stimulation methods in the parameters of n1-p1 interval, amplitude, and asymmetry ratio(P>0.05). Conclusion: The Tap-hammer system can elicit VEMP responses in healthy young people. This system can be used as an alternative stimulation method for bone conduction VEMP.

3.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(18): 9238, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33015759

RESUMO

Since this article has been suspected of research misconduct and the corresponding authors did not respond to our request to prove originality of data and figures, "Long noncoding RNA ZFPM2-AS1 promotes the tumorigenesis of renal cell cancer via targeting miR-137, by J.-G. Liu, H.-B. Wang, G. Wan, M.-Z. Yang, X.-J. Jiang, J.-Y. Yang, published in Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2019; 23 (13): 5675-5681-DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_201907_18304-PMID: 31298319" has been withdrawn. The Publisher apologizes for any inconvenience this may cause. https://www.europeanreview.org/article/18304.

4.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32892596

RESUMO

Objective: To discuss the stability of mixed standard application solution by volatilization organic matter (benzene, toluene, xylene, ethylbenzene, acetone, butanone, Ethyl acetate, butyl ester, trichloroethylene) in workplace air. Methods: A total of 11 kinds volatilization organic compounds were separated by capillary chromatographic column, and detected with flame ionization detector. The stability of mixed standard application solution was judged by studying three paratemers during the placement period, such as the linear correlation coefficient of the standard curve, the relative response values of the highest and lowest concentration levels and the accuracy of the measured values of the quality control samples. Results: Within 187 days, the linear correlation coefficient of each compound was ≥0.999. The changes of relative response values at the highest and lowest concentration levels were both <10%; The measured values of toluene were all in the reference range. Conclusion: The mixed standard application solution is stable and reliable within 187 days of storage.

5.
Clin Radiol ; 2020 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32917350

RESUMO

AIM: To use sound touch elastography (STE) to assess the changes of renal cortex among different complications following renal transplantation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 31 patients with renal dysfunction after renal transplantation underwent an ultrasound-guided biopsy for pathological examination with conventional and STE ultrasound. The maximum elastic modulus (Emax) was determined, and the biopsy specimen was evaluated for evidence of significant differences among four different complications: drug-induced renal damage, acute rejection, chronic allograft nephropathy (CAN), and BK virus (BKV) nephropathy. Receiver operator characteristics were used to compare the diagnostic efficacy of STE ultrasound according to the pathological results. RESULTS: The quantitative index Emax of the STE technique was statistically significant among the four different complications (p<0.05). The distribution of the magnitude of Emax in the renal cortex was BKV nephropathy > CAN > acute rejection > drug induced renal damage. The renal cortex Emax was statistically different for the severity of renal fibrosis and tubular atrophy (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Each of the four different complications of transplantation influenced the Emax of the renal cortex differently. Emax can be used to assess the severity of renal fibrosis and tubular atrophy.

6.
Eur Phys J E Soft Matter ; 43(9): 56, 2020 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32920738

RESUMO

It has been accepted that low-frequency vibrational modes are causally correlated to fundamental plastic rearrangement events in amorphous solids, irrespective of the structural details. But the mode-event relationship is far from clear. In this work, we carry out case studies using atomistic simulations of a three-dimensional Cu50Zr50 model glass under athermal, quasistatic shear. We focus on the first four plastic events, and carefully trace the spatiotemporal evolution of the associated low-frequency normal modes with applied shear strain. We reveal that these low-frequency modes get highly entangled with each other, from which the critical mode emerges spontaneously to predict a shear transformation event. But the detailed emergence picture is event by event and shear-protocol dependent, even for the first plastic event. This demonstrates that the instability of a plastic event is a result of extremely complex multiple-path choice or competition, and there is a strong, elastic interaction among neighboring instability events. At last, the generality of the present findings is shown to be applicable to covalent-bonded glasses.

7.
J Laryngol Otol ; : 1-8, 2020 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32933596

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the benefit of Bonebridge devices in patients with single-sided deafness. METHOD: Five patients with single-sided deafness who were implanted with Bonebridge devices were recruited in a single-centre study. Participants' speech perception and horizontal sound localisation abilities were assessed at 6 and 12 months post-operatively. Speech intelligibility in noisy environments was measured in three different testing conditions (speech and noise presented from the front, speech and noise presented from the front and contralateral (normal ear) side separately, and speech presented from the ipsilateral (implanted Bonebridge) side and noise from the contralateral side). Sound localisation was evaluated in Bonebridge-aided and Bonebridge-unaided conditions at different stimuli levels (65, 70 and 75 dB SPL). RESULTS: All participants showed a better capacity for speech intelligibility in quiet environments with the Bonebridge device. The speech recognition threshold with the Bonebridge device was significantly decreased at both short- and long-term follow up in the speech presented from the ipsilateral (implanted Bonebridge) side and noise from the contralateral side condition (p < 0.05). Additionally, participants maintained similar levels of sound localisation between the Bonebridge-aided and unaided conditions (p > 0.05). However, the accuracy of localisation showed some improvement at 70 dB SPL and 75 dB SPL post-operatively. CONCLUSION: The Bonebridge device provides the benefit of improved speech perception performance in patients with single-sided deafness. Sound localisation abilities were neither improved nor worsened with Bonebridge implantation at the follow-up assessments.

9.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(37): 2913-2918, 2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32993250

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the surgical opportunity of the transvaginal cervicoisthmic cerclage in the treatment of the cervical incompetence and the effect on the pregnancy outcomes. Methods: A Retrospective controlled trial was carried out between January 2014 and December 2018 in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital in Zhejiang, China and a total of 1 027 patients with cervical incompetence underwent the transvaginal cerclage. According to the different surgical opportunity, the patients were divided into two groups: the conception cerclage (n=736) and the preconception cerclage (n=291), and the former were divided into two subgroups depending on the condition of the cervix, the history indicated conception cerclage (n=511) and the ultrasound indicated conception cerclage (n=225). Main outcome measures were the gestational age, term delivery rate, the fetal weight and the fetal survival rate. Results: After the cerclage, the gestational age was (36±4) weeks, the term delivery rate was 69.6% (710/1 020), the fetal weight was (3 038±624)g and the fetal survival rate was 94.7% (966/1 020). Compared with the ultrasound indicated conception cerclage subgroup, the gestational age, the term delivery rate, and the fetal weight were all significantly higher in the history indicated conception cerclage subgroup [(37±4) vs (36±5) weeks, t=2.691; 72.8% vs 62.7%,χ(2)=7.593; (3 091±594) vs (2 963±756) g, t=2.396; all P<0.05], but the fetal survival rate was comparable in these two groups(95.3% vs 92.9%, χ(2)=1.772, P>0.05). There were no significant differences in the gestational age, the term delivery rate, the fetal weight and fetal survival rate between the history indicated conception cerclage and the preconception cerclage (all P>0.05). Conclusion: The transvaginal cervicoisthmic cerclage is a promising and safe technique for improving obstetric outcomes in women with cervical incompetence, and the history indicated conception cerclage is better than the ultrasound indicated cerclage.


Assuntos
Cerclagem Cervical , Incompetência do Colo do Útero/cirurgia , China , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 58(10): 776-781, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32993265

RESUMO

Objective: To examine the value of serum protein induced by vitamin K absence or antagonist-Ⅱ (PIVKA-Ⅱ) detection in the early diagnosis and surveillance of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Methods: The clinical data of 215 patients with HCC admitted to Department of Hepatobiliary-Pancreatic Surgery of China-Japan Union Hospital of Jilin University from October 2017 to May 2018 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 172 males and 43 females, aged of (59.0±9.3) years old (range 34 to 86 years old). In addition, there were 85 non HCC patients were enrolled in the control group, 42 males and 43 females, aged (54.2±11.3) years old (range 22 to 80 years old). The blood sample of 3 ml was drawn from the elbow vein at 6∶00 am on the next day of admission, and then was kept in low temperature away from light, and sent for PIVKA-Ⅱ detection on the same day. The positive value of AFP was ≥20 µg/L and PIVKA-Ⅱ was ≥32 AU/L. The data were analyzed statistically by χ(2) test, t test or rank sum test. The correlation between AFP, PIVKA-Ⅱ and tumor maximum diameter was analyzed by linear regression. Results: The sensitivity of PIVKA-Ⅱ detection only for the diagnosis of HCC in all stages was significantly higher than AFP or equivalent to AFP, the overall sensitivity of PIVKA-Ⅱ and AFP was 85.1% and 52.1%, respectively. But the specificity of PIVKA-Ⅱ was lower than that of AFP, they were 78.8% and 96.5%, respectively. In particularly, in the earlier stage of HCC (Ⅰa) , the sensitivity of PIVAK-Ⅱ to HCC was 64.5%, while the AFP was only 26.3%. Combined detection of PIVKA-Ⅱ and AFP significantly improved the diagnostic rate of HCC to 88.4%, and the specificity to 76.5%. Moreover, there was a positive correlation between PIVKA-Ⅱ level and the maximum tumor diameter (r(2)=0.587, P<0.05), but there was no correlation between the AFP level and the maximum tumor diameter (r(2)=0.296, P>0.05). The positive rate of PIVKA-Ⅱ in the diagnosis of HCC with vascular invasion was also significantly higher than that of AFP (P<0.01) . Conclusions: PIVKA-Ⅱ can be used as a serological marker for HCC screening and diagnosis. In particular, PIVKA-Ⅱ detection was significantly sensitive than AFP in the earlier stage of HCC. Combined detection of PIVKA-Ⅱ and AFP can effectively improve the diagnostic rate of HCC in all stages. The significant elevation of PIVKA-Ⅱ is also helpful to determine the tumor aggressiveness, vascular invasion and prognosis of HCC patients.

11.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(9): 685-690, 2020 Sep 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32878407

RESUMO

Curcumin is a plant-derived polyphenol extracted from the rhizome of turmeric. As curcumin has such favorable properties as anti-inflammation, anti-oxidation, anti-angiogenesis, immune regulation, anti-bacterial and pro-apoptosis and showed few side effects, the application of curcumin in prevention and treatment of periodontal diseases is promising. This article reviewed the research progress of curcumin in the prevention and treatment of periodontitis.


Assuntos
Curcumina/uso terapêutico , Periodontite/tratamento farmacológico , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico
12.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 55(9): 617-623, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32957750

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the oncologic outcomes of different laparoscopic radical hysterectomy. Methods: From January 2011 to December 2014, the laparoscopic operation cases of cervical cancer at stage Ⅰb1, Ⅰb2, Ⅱa1 and Ⅱa2, including the histologic subtypes of squamous-cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma and adenosquamous carcinoma, were collected in five clinical centers. The data were divided into two groups according to the surgical procedures, that is, modified laparoscopic-vaginal radical hysterectomy (mLVRH) and total laparoscopic radical hysterectomy (TLRH). The overall survival rate (OS), disease-free survival rate (DFS) at 5 years were retrospectively analyzed in this study. Results: There were 674 cases in total, including 377 cases of mLVRH, 297 cases of TLRH. (1) The OS at 5 years: the mLVRH was 96.1% and the TLRH was 92.0%, and the mLVRH was higher than that of TLRH (P=0.010). Stratify analysis, including stage of disease (Ⅰb1 and Ⅱa1), histologic subtypes (squamous-cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma), lymph node metastasis, revealed that, ① Stage of disease: in stage Ⅰb1, the OS at five years of mLVRH was higher than that in TLRH group (98.6% vs 93.6%, P=0.012). In stage Ⅱa1, there was significant difference between the two groups, the OS at five years of mLVRH and TLRH were 93.6% and 77.6% (P=0.007). ② Histologic subtypes: for the OS at five years of squamous-cell carcinoma, mLVRH and TLRH were 96.1% and 92.3%, and there was significant difference (P=0.046); for adenocarcinoma, the OS at five years were 91.0% and 88.6%, and there was no difference between two groups (P=0.230). ③ Lymph node metastasis: the mLVRH and TLRH with lymph node metastasis, the OS at five years were 98.6% and 96.4%; the mLVRH and TLRH without lymph node metastasis, the OS at five years were 89.3% and 80.8%. There were no significant differences between the two groups,respectively (P=0.156, P=0.093). (2) The DFS at 5 years: there was no significant difference between mLVRH and TLRH (94.1% vs 90.9%, P=0.220). Stratify analysis for stage of disease, the mLVRH group was higher than that in the TLRH group in stage Ⅰb1 (97.0% vs 92.8%, P=0.039). However, for stage Ⅱa1, there was no significant difference between mLVRH and TLRH group (88.2% vs 75.8%, P=0.074). Conclusions: The results of this retrospective study indicated that different laparoscopy surgical procedures had diverse oncologic outcomes. The OS at 5 years of the mLVRH is superior to the TLRH. The DFS at 5 years in Ⅰb1 stage, the mLVRH is higher than the TLRH. Therefore, the modified laparoscopy is still an alternative surgery for early cervical cancer patients when following the principle of no-tumor-exposure.


Assuntos
Histerectomia/métodos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/cirurgia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia
13.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 32(4): 419-422, 2020 Jun 29.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32935521

RESUMO

This paper summarizes the changes in the policy associated with schistosmiasis control in the new era, analyzes the background of Health China Strategy and its association with the current schistosomiasis control program in China, describes several schistosomiasis control models and proposes some suggestions responding to the challenges in current schistosomiasis control program of China, so as to provide insights into the development of the effective control strategy for schistosomiasis.


Assuntos
Erradicação de Doenças , Políticas , Esquistossomose , China , Humanos , Esquistossomose/prevenção & controle
14.
Insect Mol Biol ; 2020 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32940384

RESUMO

The ELAV/Hu family is a conserved multigene family of pan-neuronal RNA-binding protein involved in post-transcriptional regulation in metazoans. In Drosophila, three members of this family, ELAV, RBP9 and FNE, are involved in neuronal differentiation, gene expression regulation and so on. This family is less well characterized in Bombyx mori. Two orthologs BmELAV-like-1 (BmEL-1) and BmELAV-like-2 (BmEL-2) share 55%-71% and 47%-62% identity with that of in Drosophila and humans, respectively. Bmel-1 is ubiquitously expressed while Bmel-2 is expressed in the head and ovaries specifically. Proteins encoded by both genes are localized in nuclear and cytoplasm. The weight of body, cocoon, pupae and cocoon shell are differently affected in Bmel-1- /-2- mutants created using CRISPR/Cas9 technology. Mutations of both genes increase the expression of four silk protein genes, Fib-L, Fib-H, P25 and Ser-1. In addition, the oviposition ability of Bmel-2- females is decreased. This study not only provides valuable insights into the functional roles of Bmelav-like genes in the growth, cocoon characters and regulation of silk protein genes expression, but also provides useful information for silkworm variety breeding.

16.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 20(1): 369, 2020 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32795258

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether the offspring of subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) pregnant rats still have abnormal cardiac development, and whether early intervention with L-T4 can improve the abnormality of these offspring. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the effect of early L-T4 intervention on the heart development of offspring of SCH pregnant rats and its possible molecular mechanism. METHODS: Eighty female Wistar rats were randomly divided into Sham group (placebo control), SCH group, LT4-E10 group (L-T4 treatment started on the 10th day of gestation), and LT4-E13 group (L-T4 treatment started on the 13th day of gestation). Each group was further divided into E16 (16th day of gestation), E18 (18th day of gestation), P5 (5th day postnatal day), and P10 (10th day postnatal day) subgroups. The levels of serum TT4 and TSH, the ratio of heart weight to body weight of offspring rats, the expression of metabolic enzymes, and the histopathology of cardiomyocytes were determined. To elucidate the effects of L-T4 on cardiac development of offspring of SCH pregnant rats, the expression levels of GATA4, Nkx2-5 and proteins involved in BMP4/Smad4 signaling pathway were detected by immunohistochemistry, real time quantitative polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting to elucidate the molecular mechanism of L-T4 regulating the heart development of the offspring of SCH pregnant rats. RESULTS: Compared with Sham group, serum TSH was significantly increased in SCH pregnant rats. Moreover, early L-T4 intervention significantly reduced the levels of serum TSH. Compared with the offspring in the SCH group, early L-T4 intervention significantly increased the heart weight, heart weight to body weight ratio, the activities of succinate dehydrogenase (SDH), Na+/K+-ATPase and Ca2+-ATPase, but reduced myocardial cell shrinkage and nuclear staining, hyperemia/congestion and vacuolar degeneration. In addition, early L-T4 intervention not only significantly increased the mRNA and protein expression of Gata4 and Nkx2-5, but also increased the protein expression involved in BMP4/Smad4 signal pathway in myocardium of the offspring of SCH pregnant rats. CONCLUSIONS: Early L-T4 intervention can regulate the cardiac development of the offspring of SCH pregnant rats by activating BMP4/Smad4 signaling pathway and increasing the expression of Gata4 and Nkx2-5 proteins.

17.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(15): 7909, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32767303

RESUMO

Since this article has been suspected of research misconduct and the corresponding authors did not respond to our request to prove originality of data and figures, "The role of miR-99b in mediating hepatocellular carcinoma invasion and migration, by C.-J. Liu, J.-H. Yang, F.-Z. Huang, J.-H. Yang, C.-P. Liu, X.-H. Mao, W.-M. Yi, X.-B. Shen, C. Peng, M.-F. Chen, B. Jiang, J.-S. Wu, published in Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2018; 22 (8): 2273-2281-DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_201804_14815-PMID: 29762829" has been withdrawn. The Publisher apologizes for any inconvenience this may cause. https://www.europeanreview.org/article/14815.

18.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 55(6): 390-394, 2020 Jun 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32842245

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the therapeutic effect of programmed cell death receptor 1 (PD-1) inhibitor in drug-resistant recurrent gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (GTN). Methods: Clinicopathological features, previous treatments, PD-1 inhibitor treatment and prognosis of 8 patients with drug-resistant recurrent GTN treated with PD-1 inhibitor pembrolizumab, in Peking Union Medical College Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from August 2018 to June 2019 were collected and retrospectively analyzed. Results: (1) Clinicopathological features: the average age of onset of 8 GTN patients was 32.9 years old (31-39 years old); pathological types: choriocarcinoma in 7 cases, epithelioid trophoblastic tumor in 1 case. International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stages: stage Ⅲ in 5 cases, stage Ⅳ in 3 cases; FIGO score: 4 patients with 7-12 points (high-risk group) and 4 patients with ≥13 points (ultra high-risk group). All the 8 patients had lung metastasis, 2 patients with brain metastasis, 1 patient with kidney and 1 patient with intestinal metastasis. (2) Previous treatments: ① Chemotherapy: 8 patients with GTN received an average of 21.1 courses (5-30 courses) of chemotherapy; the main route was systemic intravenous chemotherapy. One patient received intrathecal methotrexate chemotherapy due to brain metastasis. ② Surgery: 7 of 8 patients with GTN received surgical treatment, including 5 cases of pelvic surgury, 6 cases of pulmonary lobectomy and 1 case of right hemicolectomy. ③ Radiotherapy: 2 of 8 patients with GTN received radiotherapy, among which 1 patient received radiotherapy for lung for 8 times due to lung metastasis, and the other one received radiotherapy for lung, right sacroiliac joint and skull for a total of 22 times. (3) PD-1 inhibitor treatment: 8 patients with GTN received PD-1 inhibitor treatment with a mean course of 9 (2-12 courses). Six patients appeared Ⅰ-Ⅱ grade of immune related adverse events (AE), and no severe AE occurred. (4) Prognosis: after 2-3 courses of PD-1 inhibitor treatment, serum ß-hCG level came to normalization in 4 patients. They were followed up for 2-7 months without any recurrence after 0-9 courses of consolidation treatment. One patient received 12 courses of PD-1 inhibitor treatment. The serum ß-hCG level normalized after the 6th courses but increased 1 months later, and then received bevacizumab treatment due to the progression of the disease. The remaining 3 patients received other chemotherapy regiments due to disease progression during PD-1 inhibitor treatment. Conclusions: PD-1 could be used as a remedial treatment for drug-resistant recurrent GTN, with a high effective rate and relatively mild AE. However, more cases need to be accumulated clinically and efficacy should be comprehensively evaluated in combination with pathology and immunohistochemical examination.


Assuntos
Doença Trofoblástica Gestacional/tratamento farmacológico , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Feminino , Doença Trofoblástica Gestacional/patologia , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Osteoporos Int ; 2020 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32778935

RESUMO

Vertebral fracture assessment (VFA) is cost-effective when it was incorporated in the routine screening for osteoporosis in community-dwelling women aged ≥ 65 years, which support guidelines, such as the National Osteoporosis Foundation (NOF) for the diagnostic use of VFA as an important addition to fracture risk assessment. INTRODUCTION: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of VFA as a screening tool to reduce future fracture risk in US community-dwelling women aged ≥ 65 years. METHODS: An individual-level state-transition cost-effectiveness model from a healthcare perspective was constructed using derived data from published literature. The time horizon was lifetime. Five screening strategies were compared, including no screening at all, central dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) only, VFA only, central DXA followed by VFA if the femoral neck T-score (FN-T) ≤ - 1.5, or if the FN-T ≤ - 1.0. Various initiation ages and rescreening intervals were evaluated. Oral bisphosphonate treatment for 5-year periods was assumed. Incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (2017 US dollars per quality-adjusted life-year (QALY) gained) were used as the outcome measure. RESULTS: The incorporation of VFA slightly increased life expectancy by 0.1 years and reduced the number of subsequent osteoporotic fractures by 3.7% and 7.7% compared with using DXA alone and no screening, respectively, leading to approximately 30 billion dollars saved. Regardless of initiation ages and rescreening intervals, central DXA followed by VFA if the FN-T ≤ - 1.0 was most cost-effective ($40,792 per QALY when the screening is initiated at age 65 years and with rescreening every 5 years). Results were robust to change in VF incidence and medication costs. CONCLUSION: In women aged ≥ 65 years, VFA is cost-effective when it was incorporated in routine screening for osteoporosis. Our findings support the National Osteoporosis Foundation (NOF) guidelines for the diagnostic use of VFA as an important addition to fracture risk assessment.

20.
Neoplasma ; 2020 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32749846

RESUMO

Siglec-15 (S15) is another important mechanism of tumor immune escape besides the PD-L1/PD-1 pathway and represents a new kind of immune checkpoint inhibitor. However, the associations of tumor Siglec-15 expression with clinicopathological characteristics and outcomes of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) in a tumor microenvironment (TME) have so far been unclear. A total of 324 NSCLC surgical samples on tumor microarray were used in this study for investigating the association of S15 expression with clinicopathological characteristics and overall survival rate (OS) as well as correlation with TILs using multiplex immunofluorescence staining and PD-L1. Results showed that the expression of S15 in adenocarcinoma was significantly higher than that in squamous cell carcinoma. S15 expression was positively correlated with CD8+ T cell density in the stroma. The expression rate of PD-L1 in lung squamous cell carcinoma was higher than that in lung adenocarcinoma. S15 expression was not associated with the prognosis of early NSCLC. The pathological mechanism of the co-expression of S15 and PD-L1 in resectable NSCLC remains to be further studied.

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