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1.
ACS Nano ; 2020 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32356972

RESUMO

Specific labeling of biomarkers with bright and high photostable fluorophores is vital in fluorescent imaging applications. Here, we report a general strategy to develop single-molecule dendritic nanodots with finely tunable optical properties for in vivo fluorescent imaging. The well-defined nanodots are based on the divergent growth of biodegradable polylysine dendrimers with a fluorophore as the core. By tuning the size and surface chemistry, we obtained fluorescent nanodots with excellent brightness and photostability, favorable pharmacokinetics, and multivalent tumor-targeting capability. The nanodots provided robust, stable, long-lasting, and specific fluorescence enhancement in tumor tissue with an in situ tumor-to-normal ratio (TNR) of ∼3 and lasting over 5 days and an ex vivo TNR up to ∼17, holding considerable promise for cancer imaging and image-guided surgery. This strategy significantly improves the in vivo performance of fluorophores and can be applied to other modality imaging probes.

2.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 35(1): 1050-1059, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32299262

RESUMO

Tubulin polymerisation inhibitors exhibited an important role in the treatment of patients with prostate cancer. Herein, we reported the medicinal chemistry efforts leading to a new series of benzothiazoles by a bioisosterism approach. Biological testing revealed that compound 12a could significantly inhibit in vitro tubulin polymerisation of a concentration dependent manner, with an IC50 value of 2.87 µM. Immunofluorescence and EBI competition assay investigated that compound 12a effectively inhibited tubulin polymerisation and directly bound to the colchicine-binding site of ß-tubulin in PC3 cells. Docking analysis showed that 12a formed hydrogen bonds with residues Tyr357, Ala247 and Val353 of tubulin. Importantly, it displayed the promising antiproliferative ability against C42B, LNCAP, 22RV1 and PC3 cells with IC50 values of 2.81 µM, 4.31 µM, 2.13 µM and 2.04 µM, respectively. In summary, compound 12a was a novel colchicine site tubulin polymerisation inhibitor with potential to treat prostate cancer.

3.
J Chromatogr A ; 1620: 461013, 2020 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32201037

RESUMO

Dummy molecularly imprinted microspheres (DMIMs) were synthesized by Pickering emulsion polymerization and used as the matrix solid-phase dispersion extraction (MSPD) sorbent for sample pre-treatment of azole fungicides in fish samples. Alpha-(2,4-Dichlorophenyl)-1H-imidazole-1-ethanol (DCE) was used as the fragment dummy template for the imprinting of climbazole (CBZ), clotrimazole (CMZ) and miconazole (MNZ). The morphology of the microspheres were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and nitrogen adsorption measurements, narrow diameter distribution (20-50 µm) with regular spherical shape and high surface area (SBET = 408.91 ± 6.72 m2 g-1) were achieved. Good class-selectivity of the DMIMs was found for CBZ, CMZ and MNZ by static adsorption experiments. The imprinted microspheres as MSPD sorbent was then evaluated for the extraction and purification of CBZ, CMZ and MNZ in fish samples. The extracted azole fungicides were detected by HPLC-DAD analysis at 225 nm. MSPD conditions including elution, mass ratio of sample/sorbent and washing were carefully evaluated. The optimized MSPD method have good recoveries (89.2-101.5%) and reproducibility (RSDs 1.6-4.8%, n = 5) for fish samples spiked at 0.5, 2.5 and 12.5 µg g-1. The limits of detection (LODs) were 0.045, 0.036 and 0.033 µg g-1 for CBZ, CMZ and MNZ, respectively. The results show that this method has a good application prospect for the pretreatment of azole fungicides in fish samples.

4.
Eur J Med Chem ; 190: 112113, 2020 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32058237

RESUMO

Cobalamin-dependent methionine synthase (MetH) is involved in the process of tumor cell growth and survival. In this study, a novel series of N5-electrophilic substituted tetrahydropteroate analogs without glutamate residue were designed as non-classical antifolates and evaluated for their inhibitory activities against MetH. In addition, the cytotoxicity of target compounds was evaluated in human tumor cell lines. With N5-chloracetyl as the optimum group, further structure research on the benzene substituent and on the 2,4-diamino group was also performed. Compound 6c, with IC50 value of 12.1 µM against MetH and 0.16-6.12 µM against five cancer cells, acted as competitive inhibitor of MetH. Flow cytometry studies indicated that compound 6c arrested HL-60 cells in the G1-phase and then inducted late apoptosis. The molecular docking further explained the structure-activity relationship.

5.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 39(1): 32, 2020 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32039741

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Exosomes are essential for tumor growth, metastasis, and are used as novel signaling molecules in targeted therapies. Therefore, exosomal miRNAs can be used in new diagnostic and therapeutic approaches due to their involvement in the development of cancers. However, the detailed biological function, potential molecular mechanism and clinical application of exo-miR-15b-3p in gastric cancer (GC) remains unclear. METHODS: miR-15b-3p mRNA levels in tissues, serum, cells and exosomes were analyzed using qRT-PCR assays. qRT-PCR, immunohistochemical and western blotting analyses were utilized for the determination of DYNLT1 expression. The interrelationship connecting miR-15b-3p with DYNLT1 was verified using Dual-luciferase report, western blotting and qRT-PCR assays. Fluorescent PKH-26 or GFP-Lv-CD63 labeled exosomes, as well as Cy3-miR-15b-3p, were utilized to determine the efficacy of the transfer of exo-miR-15b-3p between BGC-823 and recipient cells. Several in vitro assays and xenograft tumor models were conducted to determine exo-miR-15b-3p impact on GC progression. RESULTS: This is the first study to confirm high miR-15b-3p expression in GC cell lines, tissues and serum. Exosomes obtained from 108 GC patient serum samples and GC cell-conditioned medium were found to show upregulation of exo-miR-15b-3p, with the area under the ROC curve (AUC) being 0.820 [0.763-0.876], which is superior to the AUC of tissues and serum miR-15b-3p (0.674 [0.600-0.748] and 0.642 [0.499-0.786], respectively). In addition, high exo-miR-15b-3p expression in serum was found to accurately predict worse overall survival. SGC-7901 and GES-1 cells are capable of internalizing BGC-823 cell-derived exosomes, allowing the transfer of miR-15b-3p. Migration, invasion, proliferation and inhibition of apoptosis in vitro and in vivo were enhanced by exo-miR-15b-3p, by restraining DYNLT1, Cleaved Caspase-9 and Caspase-3 expression. CONCLUSIONS: This study identified a previously unknown regulatory pathway, exo-miR-15b-3p/DYNLT1/Caspase-3/Caspase-9, which promotes GC development and GES-1 cell malignant transformation. Therefore, serum exo-miR-15b-3p may be a potential GC diagnosis and prognosis biomarker, which can be used in precise targeted GC therapy.

7.
Surg Endosc ; 2020 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31953729

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is used to treat early esophageal cancer and precancerous lesions. Patients undergoing ESD are prone to esophageal stenosis, which impairs therapeutic efficacy and quality of life. This retrospective study aimed to investigate the potential association between patient demographics and esophageal lesion characteristics with the risk of esophageal stenosis following ESD. METHODS: For this retrospective study 190 consecutive patients who underwent ESD between January 2013 and January 2015 were recruited. Data on patient demographics, esophageal lesion-related factors, operation details, esophageal stenosis occurrence and measures taken to prevent or treat stricture were collected, and the normality of distribution of each indicator was assessed with a Kolmogorov-Smirnov test. Stenosis risk factors were then identified using univariate and multivariate logistic regression. RESULTS: Post-ESD esophageal stenosis occurred in 51 cases. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to identify independent risk factors. A history of EMR/ESD (OR = 4.185, 95% CI: 1.511-11.589), resection circumferential diameter (OR = 1.721, 95% CI: 1.135-2.610), non-en bloc resection (OR = 7.413, 95% CI: 2.398-22.921), submucosal infiltration (OR = 3.449, 95% CI: 1.014-11.734) and circumferential resection range (OR = 57.493, 95% CI: 17.236-191.782) were identified as independent risk factors for post-ESD esophageal stenosis. Spraying porcine fibrin adhesive on the resection bed reduced neither the incidence of postoperative stenosis nor the extent of postoperative dilation. CONCLUSION: Post-ESD esophageal stenosis is significantly related to size and circumferential range of lesion resection. EMR/ESD history, non-en bloc resection and submucosal infiltration may be additional risk factors.

8.
Mod Rheumatol ; 30(1): 141-148, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30605008

RESUMO

Objective: The aim of this meta-analysis was to investigate the association of neutrophil lymphocyte ratio (NLR) with AS (ankylosing spondylitis) patients.Methods: PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Elsevier Science Direct and Google Scholar databases (up to 30 September 2018) were searched to collect all pertinent articles. The pooled standard mean difference (SMD) with 95% confidence interval (CI) was calculated by the random effects model.Results: Totally 10 studies contained 765 AS patients and 701 healthy controls were included in our meta-analysis. The results indicated that there were significant statistical differences between AS patients and healthy controls in NLR (SMD = 0.418, 95%CI = 0.239-0.598, p < .001). Meanwhile, the results of subgroup analysis showed, in the subgroup of C-reactive protein (CRP) ≥10 and the two subgroups of BASDAI (the Bath AS Disease Activity Index), NLR levels in AS were significantly higher than in control (all p < .001). The results of subgroup analysis and meta-regression suggested that BASDAI and CRP were likely associated with NLR in AS patients.Conclusion: The current meta-analysis provides evidence that NLR is a reasonable measure to detect systemic inflammation in AS patients. Besides, NLR may be able to indicate disease activity in patients with AS.

9.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 27(4): 4190-4196, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31828703

RESUMO

Under the background of global climate change, the present study aimed to evaluate the effects of daily mean temperature and diurnal temperature range (DTR) on the non-accidental mortality. Poisson generalized linear model (PGLM) combined with distributed lag non-linear model (DLNM) was used to evaluate these effects after adjusting the relative humidity and major air pollutants. All effects were presented as relative risk (RR), with 75th percentiles of daily mean temperature and DTR compare with their lowest RRs corresponding values. Daily mean temperature was associated with the non-accidental mortality with a U-shaped curve, and the non-accidental mortality increased by 1.8% (95% CI: 0.7~3.0%) when the temperature was 24.4 °C (20 °C as the reference). Additionally, the non-accidental mortality increased by 1.4% (95% CI: 0.1~2.7%) on lag6 day when DTR was 11.3 °C (7 °C as the reference). The elderly (≥ 65 years) were more susceptible to daily mean temperature and DTR, and females were more susceptible to high DTR effect than males. Our study provides evidence that daily mean temperature and DTR are significantly associated with non-accidental mortality and have delayed effects. Both females and elderly people are vulnerable to the potential adverse effects.

10.
Mol Ther Nucleic Acids ; 19: 393-404, 2019 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31887550

RESUMO

Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) H19 is associated with inflammatory diseases, but the molecular mechanism of H19 in the inflammatory process of ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is unclear. Here, we investigated the role of H19 and its downstream molecules in the inflammation of AS by microarray analysis, qRT-PCR, western blot, and dual-luciferase reporter assay. H19 small interfering RNA (siRNA) (Si-H19) and adenovirus (AD-H19) were used to decrease and increase H19 expression, respectively. 42 annotated lncRNAs were identified, and H19 was overexpressed. H19, vitamin D receptor (VDR), and transforming growth factor ß (TGF-ß) can bind to microRNA22-5p (miR22-5p) and miR675-5p. Si-H19 significantly downregulated miR22-5p and upregulated miR675-5p expression; Si-H19 decreased the protein and mRNA expression of VDR and decreased the cytokine and mRNA levels of interleukin-17A (IL-17A) and IL-23. These results were verified by AD-H19. In addition, miR22-5p and miR675-5p inhibitors increased the protein and mRNA expression of VDR and increased the cytokine and mRNA levels of IL-17A and IL-23. These results were also confirmed by miRNA mimics. Furthermore, H19 directly interfered with miR22-5p and miR675-5p expression, whereas the two miRNAs directly inhibited VDR expression. Overall, the H19-miR22-5p/miR675-5p-VDR-IL-17A/IL-23 signaling pathways have important roles in the pathogenesis of AS.

11.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(49): 46124-46131, 2019 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31714736

RESUMO

Photonic shape memory (SM) polymers based on liquid crystalline blue phase (BP) films have been fabricated by self-assembly and subsequent photopolymerization of liquid-crystal mixtures. These freestanding BP films exhibit narrow photonic band gaps and high reflectivity in the visible wavelength range. Multiple blue-shift colors are achieved by SM programming process at different mechanical pressures. The blue-shift colors can be attributed to a decrease of effective BP pitch along the viewing direction caused by the compressed deformation of the BP films, which are confirmed by a three-dimensional interometric profile. The deformed BP films can recover to their original shapes and reflecting colors by heating the polymer films to temperatures above the glass-transition temperature. Quantitative relationships between the shape change and optical response are established for understanding this SM effect. What is more, the temporary photonic patterns can be reversibly written and erased for dozens of cycles without apparent degradation, making these freestanding BP films appealing as rewritable photonic papers and optical sensors.

12.
Autoimmunity ; 52(7-8): 281-288, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31656088

RESUMO

Objectives: To explore the genetic interaction between Wnt/ß-catenin signalling pathway genes and ankylosing spondylitis (AS) in the Chinese population.Methods: Six single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in DKK1, LRP5, LRP6, and SOST genes were genotyped in 673 AS patients and 687 healthy controls by using SNPs can Technic. Single marker genetic association analysis was performed. Haplotypes were constructed after linkage disequilibrium analysis; additive, multiplicative, and higher-order interactions were analysed.Results: The DKK1 gene rs1569198 polymorphism was significantly associated with AS susceptibility in females (χ2 = 4.55, p = .03), but the association disappeared after Bonferroni correction. Moreover, a haplotype (T-G) in the DKK1 gene showed a protective role in AS susceptibility in females (p = .04). Significant additive interactions were observed between DKK1: rs1896368 and LRP5: rs3736228, relative excess risk due to interaction (RERI) = 0.40, 95% CI = 0.08 - 0.71; attributable proportion due to interaction (AP) = 51%, 95% CI = 0.07 - 0.94, DKK1: rs1569198 and LRP5: rs3736228 (RERI = 0.49, 95% CI = 0.12 - 0.86; AP = 49%, 95% CI = 0.17 - 0.82), LRP5: rs3736228 and SOST: rs4792909 (RERI = 0.33, 95% CI = 0.002 - 0.65; AP = 41%, 95% CI = 0.01 - 0.81) in the dominant model.Conclusions: Our research implies a potential gene-gene interaction, thus revealing the importance of the Wnt/ß-catenin signalling pathway for understanding the genetic architecture of AS.

13.
Mol Cells ; 42(11): 763-772, 2019 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31659886

RESUMO

Periodontitis is characterized by the loss of periodontal tissues, especially alveolar bone. Common therapies cannot satisfactorily recover lost alveolar bone. Periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs) possess the capacity of self-renewal and multilineage differentiation and are likely to recover lost alveolar bone. In addition, periodontitis is accompanied by hypoxia, and hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) is a master transcription factor in the response to hypoxia. Thus, we aimed to ascertain how hypoxia affects runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2), a key osteogenic marker, in the osteogenesis of PDLSCs. In this study, we found that hypoxia enhanced the protein expression of HIF-1α, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and RUNX2 ex vivo and in situ. VEGF is a target gene of HIF-1α, and the increased expression of VEGF and RUNX2 proteins was enhanced by cobalt chloride (CoCl2, 100 µmol/L), an agonist of HIF-1α, and suppressed by 3-(5'-hydroxymethyl-2'-furyl)-1-benzyl indazole (YC-1, 10 µmol/L), an antagonist of HIF-1α. In addition, VEGF could regulate the expression of RUNX2, as RUNX2 expression was enhanced by human VEGF (hVEGF165) and suppressed by VEGF siRNA. In addition, knocking down VEGF could decrease the expression of osteogenesis-related genes, i.e., RUNX2, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and type I collagen (COL1), and hypoxia could enhance the expression of ALP, COL1, and osteocalcin (OCN) in the early stage of osteogenesis of PDLSCs. Taken together, our results showed that hypoxia could mediate the expression of RUNX2 in PDLSCs via HIF-1α-induced VEGF and play a positive role in the early stage of osteogenesis of PDLSCs.

14.
J Phys Chem A ; 123(46): 10019-10029, 2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31661964

RESUMO

Two-dimensional (2D) heterostructures of black phosphorus (BP)/bismuth vanadate (BVO) have attracted much attention due to their potential uses in photocatalytic water splitting. However, the interfacial photoinduced electron- and hole-transfer dynamics are not explored computationally. Herein, we have used density functional theory (DFT) calculations and DFT-based fewest-switches surface-hopping dynamics simulations to investigate the light-driven electron and hole dynamics taking place at the interface of BP and the BVO(010) surface. Our results show that the BP monolayer is adsorbed on BVO(010) via van der Waals interaction. Upon irradiation, the electron transfer takes place from BP to BVO(010) within 500 fs but with two distinct processes. In the first phase, the electron transfer proceeds adiabatically and is mainly driven by atomic motions. In the second phase, the electron transfer decays very slowly. The hole-transfer dynamics from BVO(010) to BP exhibits a similar ultrafast decay in the first stage followed by a slow decay; however, there is a comparable amount of hole trapped in a BP state due to a large energy gap from its higher state. These insights may be useful for the design of novel photocatalytic water-splitting materials.

15.
Front Neurosci ; 13: 820, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31481866

RESUMO

Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) has shown great promise as a medical treatment of depression. The effectiveness of TMS treatment at high frequency has been well investigated; however, low-frequency TMS in depression treatment has rarely been investigated in depression-induced cognitive deficits. Herein, this study was carried out to assess the possible modulatory role of low-frequency pulsed magnetic field (LFPMF) on reversing cognitive impairment in a model of depression induced by chronic unpredictable stress (CUS). Wistar rats were randomly allocated into four groups as follows: a control group (CON), a control applied with LFPMF (CON + LFPMF), a CUS group, and a CUS treated with LFPMF (CUS + LFPMF) group. During 8 weeks of CUS, compared to those in the CON group, animals not only gained less weight but also exhibited anhedonia, anxiety, and cognitive decline in behavioral tests. After 2-week treatment of LFPMF, a 20 mT, 1 Hz magnetic stimulation, it reversed the impairment of spatial cognition as well as hippocampal synaptic function including long-term potentiation and related protein expression. Thus, LFPMF has shown effectively improvements on depressant behavior and cognitive dysfunction in CUS rats, possibly via regulating synaptic function.

16.
Nutr Res ; 69: 9-19, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31430609

RESUMO

Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) are not only involved in individual growth and metabolism, but they are also associated with inflammation and homeostasis of articular cartilage and bone. Recent studies have identified the involvement of IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 in the development of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Nevertheless, the results were inconsistent, and the relevant data were not synthetically assessed. Therefore, this review aimed to systematically evaluate the associations of serum IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 levels with the development of RA. Several databases were used to retrieve relevant publications (up to January 2018). Pooled standard mean difference (SMD) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were demonstrated using a forest plot. A total of 27 studies from 19 publications were included. Meta-analysis results showed that RA patients had lower serum IGF-1 levels when compared to controls (SMD = -0.650, 95% CI = -1.184 to -0.115, P = .017). However, there was no significant association between serum IGFBP-3 levels and RA (SMD = 0.590, 95% CI = -1.323 to 2.504, P = .545). Subgroup analyses further showed that serum IGF-1 levels in RA patients are discrepant in terms of race, age, and measurement type (all P < .05). In conclusion, the decreased levels of serum IGF-1 were closely associated with the development of RA. Future longitudinal studies are needed to validate the link between serum IGF-1 levels with RA pathogenesis as well as the effects of IGF-1 on RA treatment.

17.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 75: 105834, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31465914

RESUMO

Periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs) exhibit potential for osteogenesis in vitro and in vivo and are a candidate cell type for periodontal regeneration for the treatment of periodontitis. However, periodontitis is accompanied by hypoxia, and it is not clear how hypoxia affects the osteogenesis of PDLSCs. In this study, we found that the expression of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) and transforming growth factor-ß1 (TGF-ß1) is enhanced in the osteogenesis of PDLSCs under nonhypoxic conditions. TGF-ß1 can induce the stabilization of HIF-1α through the phosphorylation of mothers against decapentaplegic homolog 3 (Smad3) in PDLSCs, and in turn, HIF-1α inhibits the mRNA and protein expression of TGF-ß1 and inhibits the phosphorylation of Smad3 in PDLSCs. In addition, both HIF-1α and TGF-ß1 reduce the expression of crucial osteogenic gene runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2) and the mineralization of PDLSCs in normoxia. In conclusion, our results showed that TGF-ß1 can induce the stabilization of HIF-1α in PDLSCs under nonhypoxic conditions, that HIF-1α can negatively regulate the TGF-ß1/Smad3 signal pathway in PDLSCs, and that TGF-ß1 and HIF-1α can synergistically inhibit the osteogenesis of PDLSCs.


Assuntos
Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/fisiologia , Osteogênese , Ligamento Periodontal/citologia , Células-Tronco/fisiologia , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/fisiologia , Adolescente , Diferenciação Celular , Hipóxia Celular , Células Cultivadas , Criança , Humanos
18.
Heliyon ; 5(8): e02141, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31453390

RESUMO

Human unmyelinated tactile afferents (CT afferents) in hairy skin are thought to be involved in the transmission of affective aspects of touch. How the perception of affective touch differs across human skin has made substantial progress; however, the majority of previous studies have mainly focused on the relationship between stroking velocities and pleasantness ratings. Here, we investigate how stroking hardness affects the perception of affective touch. Affective tactile stimulation was given with four different hardness of brushes at three different forces, which were presented to either palm or forearm. To quantify the physical factors of the stimuli (brush hardness), ten naïve, healthy participants assessed brush hardness using a seven-point scale. Based on these ten participants, five more participants were added to rate the hedonic value of brush stroking using a visual analogue scale (VAS). We found that pleasantness ratings over the skin resulted in a preference for light, soft stroking, which was rated as more pleasant when compared to heavy, hard stroking. Our results show that the hairy skin of the forearm is more susceptible to stroking hardness than the glabrous of the palm in terms of the perception of pleasantness. These findings of the current study extend the growing literature related to the effect of stroking characteristics on pleasantness ratings.

19.
J Neurophysiol ; 122(5): 1918-1927, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31461363

RESUMO

Perceptual learning, which is not limited to sensory modalities such as vision and touch, emerges within a training session and between training sessions and is accompanied by the remodeling of neural connections in the cortex. However, limited knowledge exists regarding perceptual learning between training sessions. Although tactile studies have paid attention to between-session learning effects, there have been few studies asking fundamental questions regarding whether the time interval between training sessions affects tactile perceptual learning and generalization across tactile tasks. We investigated the effects of different training time intervals on the consecutive performance of a tactile angle discrimination (AD) task and a tactile orientation discrimination (OD) task training on tactile angle discriminability. The results indicated that in the short-interval training group, AD task performance significantly improved in the early stage of learning and nearly plateaued in the later stage, whereas in the long-interval training group, significant improvement was delayed and then also nearly plateaued in the later stage; additionally, improved OD task performance resulted in improved AD task performance. These findings suggest that training time interval affects the early stage of learning but not the later stage and that generalization occurs between different types of tactile tasks.NEW & NOTEWORTHY Perceptual learning, which constitutes important foundations of complicated cognitive processes, is learning better perception skills. We demonstrate that training time interval can affect the early stage of learning but not the later stage. Moreover, a tactile orientation discrimination training task can also improve tactile angle discrimination performance. These findings may expand the characteristics of between-session learning and help understand the mechanism of the generalization across tactile tasks.

20.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 10209, 2019 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31308453

RESUMO

This study was conducted to clarify the associations of tumor necrosis factor-α induced protein 3 (TNFAIP3) and TNFAIP3-interacting protein 1 (TNIP1) genetic polymorphisms with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) susceptibility. Five single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in TNFAIP3 gene and four in TNIP1 gene were genotyped in 667 AS patients and 667 matched healthy controls. Genotypes and haplotype analysis were conducted by using SPSS 23.0 and Haploview 4.2 software. The T allele and CT genotype in TNFAIP3 rs10499194 were significantly associated with a reduced AS risk (T allele vs. C allele, OR = 0.619, 95% CI = 0.430-0.889, P = 0.009; CT vs. CC, OR = 0.603, 95% CI = 0.416-0.875, P = 0.007). However, no association remained significant after Bonferroni correction. The rs13207033A- rs10499194T haplotype of TNFAIP3 conferred a protective effect on AS susceptibility. Stratification analyses suggested that rs10499194 polymorphism decreased the risk of AS in the male subgroup, subgroup aged ≥ 29, HLA-B27 positive subgroup as well as the subgroups of BASFI < 4 and BASDAI < 4 (all P < 0.05). Furthermore, the functional annotation suggested a potential function of rs10499194 mutation. Our results demonstrated that TNFAIP3 rs10499194 polymorphism may be associated with a reduced risk of AS.

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