Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 26
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Tipo de estudo
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32250512

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The safety and efficacy of superior vena cava (SVC) isolation using second-generation cryoballoon (CB) ablation remain unknown. METHODS: A total of 26 (3.2%) patients with SVC-related paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF) from a consecutive series of 806 patients who underwent second-generation CB were included. Pulmonary vein isolation was initially achieved by CB ablation. If the SVC trigger was determined, the electrical isolation of SVC isolation was performed using the second-generation CB. RESULTS: Real-time SVC potential was observed in all patients. Isolation of the SVC was successfully accomplished in 21 (80.8%) patients. The mean number of freeze cycles in each patient was 2.1 ± 1.1. The mean time to isolation and ablation duration were 22.5 ± 14.2 seconds and 94.5 ± 22.3 seconds, respectively. A transient phrenic nerve (PN) injury was observed in five patients (19.2%). There were two patients (7.7%) experienced reversible sinus node injury during the first application. During a mean follow-up period of 13.2 ± 5.8 months, four patients (15.4%) had atrial arrhythmia recurrences. CONCLUSION: Isolation of SVC using the second-generation 28-mm CB is feasible when SVC driver during AF is identified. Vigilant monitoring of PN function during CB ablation of SVC is needed to avoid PN injury.

2.
J Cardiol ; 75(4): 368-373, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31522792

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The safety and efficacy of superior vena cava (SVC) isolation (SVCI) using second-generation cryoballoon (CB) ablation remains unknown. METHODS: Electrical isolation of SVC was attempted using the second-generation CB ablation catheter in 14 canines. Ablation duration was randomized to either 90 s (7 canines) or 120 s (7 canines). SVC venography was performed to identify the SVC-right atrium (RA) junction. The 28-mm CB was positioned above SVC-RA junction. Repeat electrophysiological assessment in the live animals was conducted 40-60 days post-ablation, after which animals were euthanized for histological examination. RESULTS: Acute SVCI was successfully performed in all canines. No significant differences in numbers of freezes (1.7 ±â€¯0.8 vs. 1.5 ±â€¯0.5, p = 0.658), time to isolation (TTI) (24.3 ±â€¯8.1s vs. 22.7 ±â€¯9.0s, p = 0.297), temperature at isolation (-23.4 ±â€¯12.5 °C vs. -21.5 ±â€¯11.1 °C, p = 0.370), and nadir temperature (-51.2 ±â€¯6.2 °C vs. -53.3 ±â€¯7.0 °C, p = 0.195) were observed between the 90-s and 120-s groups. There were no procedural complications except one transient sinus bradycardia in the 120-s group. After ablation, animals survived for 51 ±â€¯5 days. Chronic SVCI was achieved in 6 of 7 (85.7%) SVCs in the 90-s group and 7 of 7 SVCs (100%) in the 120-s group (p = 0.299). Histological analysis revealed that a circumferential transmural lesion was achieved in all isolated SVCs. No sinus node (SN) and phrenic nerve injuries were observed. The minimum distance between ablation lesion and SN was 5.1 ±â€¯3.0 mm. CONCLUSIONS: The second-generation CB ablation catheter is both safe and effective in achieving SVC isolation in a canine model. Effective SVCI was found in the 90-s dosing strategy.

4.
J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol ; 30(9): 1560-1568, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31111602

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ventricular tachycardia (VT) is frequently encountered in patients with repaired and unrepaired congenital heart disease (CHD), causing significant morbidity and sudden cardiac death. Data regarding underlying VT mechanisms and optimal ablation strategies in these patients remain limited. OBJECTIVE: To describe the electrophysiologic mechanisms, ablation strategies, and long-term outcomes in patients with CHD undergoing VT ablation. METHODS: Forty-eight patients (mean age 41.3 ± 13.3 years, 77.1% male) with CHD underwent a total of 57 VT ablation procedures at two centers from 2000 to 2017. Electrophysiologic and follow-up data were analyzed. RESULTS: Of the 77 different VTs induced at initial or repeat ablation, the underlying mechanism in 62 (81.0%) was due to scar-related re-entry; the remaining included four His-Purkinje system-related macrore-entry VTs and focal VTs mainly originating from the outflow tract region (8 of 11, 72.7%). VT-free survival after a single procedure was 72.9% (35 of 48) at a median follow-up of 53 months. VT-free survival after multiple procedures was 85.4% (41 of 48) at a median follow-up of 52 months. There were no major complications. Three patients died during the follow-up period from nonarrhythmic causes, including heart failure and cardiac surgery complication. CONCLUSION: While scar-related re-entry is the most common VT mechanism in patients with CHD, importantly, nonscar-related VT may also be present. In experienced tertiary care centers, ablation of both scar-related and nonscar-related VT in patients with CHD is safe, feasible, and effective over long-term follow-up.

5.
J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol ; 30(6): 865-876, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30834593

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Nonpulmonary vein (non-PV) triggers of atrial fibrillation (AF) are targets for ablation but their localization remains challenging. The aim of this study was to describe P-wave (PW) morphologic characteristics and intra-atrial activation patterns and timing from multipolar coronary sinus (CS) and crista terminalis (CT) catheters that localize non-PV triggers. METHODS AND RESULTS: Selective pacing from six right and nine left atrial common non-PV trigger sites was performed in 30 consecutive patients. We analyzed 12 lead ECG features based on PW duration, amplitude and morphology, and patterns and timing of multipolar activation for all 15 sites. Regionalization and then precise localization required criteria present in at least 70% of assessments at each pacing site. The algorithm was then prospectively evaluated by four blinded observers in a validation cohort of 18 consecutive patients undergoing the same pacing protocol and 60 consecutive patients who underwent successful non-PV trigger ablation. The algorithm for site regionalization included 1) negative PW in V1, ≥30 µV change in PW amplitude across the leads V1-V3, and PW duration ≤100 milliseconds in lead 2 and 2) unique intra-atrial activation patterns and timing noted in the multipolar catheters. Specific ECG and intra-atrial activation timing characteristics included in the algorithm allowed for more precise site localization after regionalization. In the prospective evaluation, the algorithm identified the site of origin for 72% of paced and 70% of spontaneous non-PV trigger sites. CONCLUSION: An algorithm based on PW morphology and intra-atrial multipolar activation pattern and timing can help identify non-PV trigger sites of origin.

6.
Europace ; 21(7): 1106-1115, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30887036

RESUMO

AIMS: Inadvertent puncture of the aortic root (AR) is a well-known complication of transseptal puncture (TSP). Strategies for handling of this potentially lethal complication have not been identified yet. In this study, we present typical anatomical locations and clinical management of aortic root puncture (ARP) due to TSP. METHODS AND RESULTS: All patients with ARP were retrospectively collected from seven hospitals. Aortic root puncture was identified and classified regarding angiographical and intraoperative findings in cardiac surgery: (i) TSP from the right atrium (RA) to the non-coronary sinus (NCS), (ii) TSP from RA to the non-coronary sinutubular junction (STJ), and (iii) TSP from RA to the ascending aorta (AA). A total of 24 patients with inadvertent ARP were identified. In 19 patients, penetration of the aorta was accomplished by the inner dilator, in 5 patients by the complete sheath. Previous cardiac surgery had been performed in six patients. There were 13 RA-to-NCS punctures, 2 RA-to-STJ punctures, and 9 RA-to-AA punctures. No cardiac tamponade (CT) occurred in patients with RA-to-NCS and RA-to-STJ punctures. In 8 of 9 patients with RA-to-AA puncture, CT occurred immediately requiring urgent pericardiocentesis and surgical repair. Two patients died after surgical repair. In the 16 patients without surgical therapy, no shunt from the AR to the RA was observed 3 months after the procedure. CONCLUSION: Aortic root puncture due to mislead TSP via NCS or STJ is usually not associated with a severe clinical course while ARP into the AA via the epicardial space generally leads to CT requiring surgical repair.

7.
J Interv Card Electrophysiol ; 56(3): 271-278, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30617678

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We aimed to investigate the characteristics of focal atrial tachycardias (ATs) arising from the pulmonary veins (PVs), as well as the safety and long-term efficacy of cryoballoon (CB) versus radiofrequency (RF) ablation in this population. METHODS: Eighty-three patients with ATs arising from PVs from a consecutive series of 487 patients who underwent CB and RF ablation were retrospectively reviewed. Patients who had a prior history of atrial fibrillation (AF) were excluded. The AT origin was confirmed during the conventional electrophysiological study and activation mapping. The ablation approach was at the discretion of the operators. RESULTS: Thirty-five patients were managed with focal ablation, 25 were ablated with unilateral PV isolation (PVI), and the remaining 23 were performed with CB ablation. All procedures were successfully ablated. There was no significant difference in procedure time between CB group and RF focal group (43.7 ± 11.8 min vs. 45.8 ± 11.2 min, P = 0.121), whereas the fluoroscopy time in CB group was longer than in RF PVI group (10.1 ± 2.5 min vs. 8.4 ± 2.8 min, P < 0.001). There was 1 recurrence in CB group, 4 recurrences of AT in RF focal group, and 2 recurrence in RF PVI group (P = 0.643). Repeat ablation was performed in 6 of 7 patients. Seventy-eight patients were available for long-term follow-up. At a mean of 5.4 ± 4.6-year follow-up, 77 of 78 patients were free from AT without antiarrhythmic medication after 1.1 ± 0.3 procedures. No patient had procedural complications and developed AF during the follow-up period. CONCLUSIONS: CB ablation is an effective and safe tool to treat ATs originating from the PVs. The ATs originating from the PVs represent an isolated clinical process and are not likely to be the forerunner of a more diffuse process leading to the development of PV AF.

8.
J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol ; 30(4): 541-549, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30661263

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: While the left sinus of Valsalva (LSV) is a frequent origin of ventricular arrhythmias (VAs). Uncommonly, VAs with right bundle branch block (RBBB) morphology may be successfully terminated from the LSV. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the electrocardiographic and electrophysiologic characteristics of VAs with RBBB which were successfully eliminated from the LSV. METHODS: We identified patients with VAs successfully ablated from the LSV from January 2014 to December 2017 and compared electrophysiologic characteristics and ablation sites of those VAs with RBBB versus a control group of patients with left bundle branch block morphology. RESULTS: We identified 18 patients with RBBB and predominant "R" waves in the precordial leads. In 12 (66.7%) patients, a small "s" wave in lead V2 and positive "R" in the remaining pericardial leads could be seen. Overall, a single "V" potential was seen in 72.2% of patients in the study group, while discrete potentials were recorded in 80% of the patients in the control group. The majority (88.9%) of the VAs could only be terminated at the nadir of the LSV in the study group. After mean follow-up of 33 ± 14 months, 93.8% and 92% were free of VAs after initial ablation in study and control group, respectively (P = 0.99). CONCLUSION: Some VAs with predominant monophasic "R" wave in precordial leads could be terminated from LSV, especially a small "s" wave in lead V2 was recorded. The nadir of LSV is highly successful for RBBB VAs and single electrogram was recorded at the target for most of the cases.

9.
J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol ; 30(4): 557-564, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30661266

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dextrocardia with situs inversus is a rare cardiac positional anomaly. Catheter ablation procedures performed in this set of patients have not been sufficiently reported. METHODS: A total of 10 patients with dextrocardia and situs inversus who received catheter ablation for supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) were included from a cohort of over 20 000 cases of catheter ablation for SVT in three centers from 2005 to 2016. All patients underwent electrophysiologic study and catheter ablation of SVT. Ablation targets were selected based on different tachycardia mechanisms with the primary endpoint of noninduction of tachycardia. RESULTS: The average age was 32.4 ± 5.6 years. Congenitally corrected transposition of great arteries (TGA) with situs inversus and D-looping of the ventricles and aorta (congenitally corrected TGA {I,D,D}) was found in four patients, while the other six patients exhibited mirror-image dextrocardia {I,L,L}. The mechanisms of SVT were atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia in four patients, atrioventricular reentrant tachycardia in three, typical atrial flutter in one, intra-atrial reentrant tachycardia in one, and focal atrial tachycardia in one. Immediate procedural success was achieved in 9 out of 10 patients with no procedural complications. During a follow-up period of 6.3 ± 3.5 years on average, all patients remained free from recurrent tachycardia. CONCLUSIONS: For patients with dextrocardia and situs inversus, catheter ablation of SVT is safe and feasible. Differences in catheter maneuver and fluroscopy projection, along with difficulties in distorted anatomy are major obstacles for successful ablation.

10.
J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol ; 30(1): 32-38, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30288848

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The procedural findings and clinical outcome of second-generation cryoballoon (CB2) ablation in patients with variant pulmonary vein (PV) anatomy have not been fully investigated. METHODS: A total of 424 consecutive patients who underwent PV isolation with CB2 were included. Computed tomographic (CT) scan was performed in all patients before the procedure. The study population was divided into common PV, accessory PV, and nonvariant PV groups according to the CT scan. Procedural findings and clinical outcome between the three groups were compared. RESULTS: Variant PV anatomy was observed in 118 of 424 (27.8%) patients. PV isolation was successfully achieved in all patients in three groups with low rates of need for touch-up ablation (P = 0.974). Total procedure time was longer in the accessory PV group compared with nonvariant PV group (53.7 ± 12.9 vs 49.5 ± 8.8 minutes; P < 0.001). More number of applications per patient were required in accessory PV group compared with the nonvariant PV and common PV groups (7.5 ± 2.1 vs 6.5 ± 1.6, P < 0.001; 7.5 ± 2.1 vs 6.8 ± 1.4, P = 0.027, respectively). No significant difference in phrenic nerve (PN) injury was observed between the three groups (P = 0.693). During mean follow-up duration of 16.1 ± 3.3 months, there was no significant difference in rates of atrial fibrillation (AF) recurrences in the three groups (13 of 43 common PV group, 21 of 75 accessory PV group, and 80 of 306 nonvariant PV group, P = 0.178). CONCLUSION: Variant PV patterns are common in patients undergoing ablation for drug-resistant AF. CB2 ablation appears to be a reasonable strategy in the setting of the variant PV anatomy with a small increase in procedure time and the number of cryoapplications.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Criocirurgia , Veias Pulmonares/anormalidades , Veias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Potenciais de Ação , Adulto , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Fibrilação Atrial/fisiopatologia , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Criocirurgia/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Veias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Veias Pulmonares/fisiopatologia , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Heart Rhythm ; 16(6): 863-870, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30576879

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Radiofrequency (RF) ablation of intramural septal ventricular tachycardia (VT) in patients with nonischemic cardiomyopathy (NICM) is challenging. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the outcomes of simultaneous unipolar RF ablation for intramural septal VT in NICM. METHODS: We included patients with NICM and mid-myocardial septal substrate referred for VT ablation. After failed prolonged sequential unipolar RF lesions, simultaneous unipolar RF was delivered using 2 open-irrigated catheters at the site of earliest activation and/or best entrainment or pace mapping and at an anatomically adjacent/opposite site (up to 40 W for up to 3 minutes; RF energy independently titrated for each catheter to achieve an impedance drop of at least 15% from the baseline values). RESULTS: A total of 6 patients (mean age 62±13 years; mean left ventricular ejection fraction 38%±17%) were included. The clinical VTs were mapped at the anterior interventricular septum in 2 (33%) patients and at the inferior septum in 4 (67%). In all patients, prolonged sequential unipolar RF at the best activation/entrainment/pace-mapping site and at an anatomically opposite/adjacent site failed to eliminate VT. In 3 cases (50%), late VT termination with VT reinducibility was observed after sequential unipolar RF. Simultaneous unipolar ablation was then delivered, resulting in VT elimination and noninducibility in all patients. No procedural complications and no steam pops were observed. After a median follow-up of 20 months (range 13-20 months), 4 patients (67%) remained free of VT recurrence. CONCLUSION: In patients with NICM and intramural septal VT refractory to conventional RF ablation, simultaneous unipolar RF ablation is a safe and effective alternative ablation approach to improve long-term VT control.

12.
J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol ; 30(3): 366-373, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30575168

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ripple mapping displays every deflection of a bipolar electrogram and enables the visualization of conduction channels (RMCC) within postinfarction ventricular scar to guide ventricular tachycardia (VT) ablation. The utility of RMCC identification for facilitation of VT ablation in the setting of arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) has not been described. OBJECTIVE: We sought to (a) identify the slow conduction channels in the endocardial/epicardial scar by ripple mapping and (b) retrospectively analyze whether the elimination of RMCC is associated with improved VT-free survival, in ARVC patients. METHODS: High-density right ventricular endocardial and epicardial electrograms were collected using the CARTO 3 system in sinus rhythm or ventricular pacing and reviewed for RMCC. Low-voltage zones and abnormal myocardium in the epicardium were identified by using standardized late-gadolinium-enhanced (LGE) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) signal intensity (SI) z-scores. RESULTS: A cohort of 20 ARVC patients that had undergone simultaneous high-density right ventricular endocardial and epicardial electrogram mapping was identified (age 44 ± 13 years). Epicardial scar, defined as bipolar voltage less than 1.0 mV, occupied 47.6% (interquartile range [IQR], 30.9-63.7) of the total epicardial surface area and was larger than endocardial scar, defined as bipolar voltage less than 1.5 mV, which occupied 11.2% (IQR, 4.2 ± 17.8) of the endocardium (P < 0.01). A median 1.5 RMCC, defined as continuous corridors of sequential late activation within scar, were identified per patient (IQR, 1-3), most of which were epicardial. The median ratio of RMCC ablated was 1 (IQR, 0.6-1). During a median follow-up of 44 months (IQR, 11-49), the ratio of RMCC ablated was associated with freedom from recurrent VT (hazard ratio, 0.01; P = 0.049). Among nine patients with adequate MRI, 73% of RMCC were localized in LGE regions, 24% were adjacent to an area with LGE, and 3% were in regions without LGE. CONCLUSION: Slow conduction channels within endocardial or epicardial ARVC scar were delineated clearly by ripple mapping and corresponded to critical isthmus sites during entrainment. Complete elimination of RMCC was associated with freedom from VT.

13.
J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol ; 29(7): 958-965, 2018 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29858877

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: To assess the predictors of hemoptysis using second-generation cryoballoon (CB). METHODS: Thirty patients with hemoptysis after second-generation CB ablation and 60 age-, gender-, and body mass index-matched controls were recruited. Anatomic parameters were obtained from preprocedural cardiac computed tomography (CT). Pulmonary vein isolation was performed with 28-mm balloon using single 3-minute freeze technique. RESULTS: Clinical and procedural characteristics were similar between the groups. A shorter distance between left superior PV (LSPV) and left main bronchus (LMB) was associated with hemoptysis (7.8 ± 4.3 mm vs. 12.5 ± 3.5 mm, P < 0.001), whereas no significant difference in the distance between right superior PV (RSPV) and right main bronchus (RMB) was found between groups (11.9 ± 3.5 mm vs. 12.9 ± 4.6 mm, P = 0.089). Additionally, the mean thickness of the connective tissue interposed between RSPV and RMB was significantly thicker than that between LSPV and LMB in both groups (both P < 0.001). A stepwise logistic multivariate analysis identified only the LMB-LSPV distance as an independent predictor of hemoptysis (odd ratio [OR] 2.676; 95% CI 1.121-4.843, P < 0.001). A cutoff value ≤ 9.5 mm predicted hemoptysis after CB ablation with 93.8% sensitivity and 75.0% specificity. CONCLUSION: Hemoptysis is a relatively rare event following second-generation CB ablation. The bronchi location obtained from CT aids in identifying high-risk population for the complication.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Venoso Central/efeitos adversos , Criocirurgia/efeitos adversos , Hemoptise/diagnóstico por imagem , Veias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Veias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Hemoptise/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Heart Rhythm ; 15(11): 1626-1633, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29803021

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Catheter ablation of ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) originating from the para-Hisian region could be challenging because of a potential damage to atrioventricular conduction system. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of catheter ablation of VAs originating from the para-Hisian region via a systematic direct approach from aortic sinus cusps (ASCs). METHODS: Twenty-one consecutive patients with VAs with para-Hisian origin were included. Electrophysiological mapping of the entire right ventricle was initially performed, and then retrograde ASC mapping was performed when the earliest ventricular activation was recorded in the His bundle region. Ablation was preferentially performed within ASCs in all patients. RESULTS: Radiofrequency energy delivery resulted in the elimination of VAs in 17 of 21 patients (81%). In the remaining 4 patients, radiofrequency application was initiated at the target site of the right ventricular septum around the His bundle region and clinical VAs were finally successfully eliminated without junctional rhythm in 2 of 4 patients. During a mean follow-up of 34.8 ± 11.3 months, 1 of the 19 acute successful patients had VA recurrence. No procedure-related complications occurred during ablation or follow-up. CONCLUSION: Catheter ablation of VAs originating from the para-Hisian region via a direct approach from ASCs may be safe and effective in most unselected patients.


Assuntos
Mapeamento Potencial de Superfície Corporal/métodos , Fascículo Atrioventricular/fisiopatologia , Ablação por Cateter/métodos , Seio Aórtico/cirurgia , Taquicardia Ventricular/cirurgia , Adulto , Angiografia , Fascículo Atrioventricular/cirurgia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taquicardia Ventricular/diagnóstico , Taquicardia Ventricular/fisiopatologia , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Heart Rhythm ; 15(8): 1148-1157, 2018 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29625278

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Right atrial (RA) dual-loop reentrant tachycardia has been described in patients who have undergone open heart surgery. However, the prevalence, electrophysiological (EP) substrate, and ablation outcomes have been poorly characterized. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence, EP substrate, and ablation outcomes for RA dual-loop reentrant tachycardia after cardiac surgery. METHODS: We identified all patients with atrial tachycardia (AT) after cardiac surgery. We compared EP findings and outcomes of those with RA dual-loop reentrant tachycardia to a control group of patients with RA macroreentrant arrhythmias in the setting of linear RA free-wall (FW) scar. RESULTS: Of the 127 patients with 152 postsurgical ATs, 28 of the ATs (18.4%) had RA dual-loop reentry and 24 of 28 (85.7%) had tricuspid annular reentry combined with FW incisional reentry. An incision length >51.5 mm along the FW predicted the substrate for a second loop. In 22 of 23 patients (95.7%) with initial ablation in the cavotricuspid isthmus, a change in the interval between Halod to CSp could be recorded, and 15 of 23 patients (65.2%) had coronary sinus activation pattern change. Complete success was achieved in 25 of 28 patients (89.3%) in the dual-loop reentry group and in 64 of 69 patients (92.8%) in the control group. After mean follow-up of 33.9 ± 24.2 months, 24 of 28 patients (85.7%) and 60 of 69 patients (86.95%) were free of arrhythmias after the initial procedure in the 2 groups, respectively. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of RA dual-loop reentry is 18.4% of ATs with prior atriotomy scar. A long incision should alert physicians to the possibility of a second loop at the FW. Halo and coronary sinus activation patterns provide important clues to circuit transformation.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Ablação por Cateter/métodos , Técnicas Eletrofisiológicas Cardíacas/métodos , Sistema de Condução Cardíaco/fisiopatologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Taquicardia por Reentrada no Nó Atrioventricular/epidemiologia , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Sistema de Condução Cardíaco/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Taquicardia por Reentrada no Nó Atrioventricular/etiologia , Taquicardia por Reentrada no Nó Atrioventricular/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Pacing Clin Electrophysiol ; 41(6): 635-642, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29603258

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The "Crosstalk" technique: if pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) of the superior one is not achieved due to a gap in the inferior part, it could be done during inferior vein cryoablation. This maneuver minimizes the total energy delivery time and number of lesions. We aimed to correlate the likelihood of crosstalk phenomenon with certain anatomic characteristics. METHODS: A total of 676 patients undergoing a first ablation procedure for paroxysmal or persistent atrial fibrillation (470 first-generation cryoballoon [CB] and 206 second-generation CB) between June 2014 and December 2016 were included. RESULTS: "Crosstalk" phenomenon occurred in 32 patients (18 first-generation CB, 14 second-generation CB). Compared to 54 control patients without crosstalk, the angle between left superior pulmonary vein (LSPV) and left atrial (LA) roof-plane, left pulmonary common ostia were significant parameters associated with crosstalk (odds ratio [OR] = 1.20, ±95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.11-1.31, P < 0.001; OR = 5.67, ±95% CI: 1.08-28.69, P = 0.04). As for angle between LSPV and LA roof-plane, the cut-off value was 28.68° with a sensitivity of 72.22%, a specificity of 81.25%, and an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.87 to predict the possibility of crosstalk technique application to get isolated in LSPV. Among the crosstalk group, there was no statistical difference between first-generation CB and second-generation CB in pulmonary anatomic characteristics. CONCLUSION: Crosstalk technique can be effective in patients with AF undergoing CB ablation using with both first and second-generation CBs. Anatomic characteristics predictive of crosstalk include a left common ostia and smaller angle between the LSPV and LA roof-plane.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Criocirurgia/instrumentação , Veias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico por imagem , Técnicas de Imagem de Sincronização Cardíaca , Meios de Contraste , Eletrocardiografia , Desenho de Equipamento , Humanos , Imageamento Tridimensional , Iohexol/análogos & derivados , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Veias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Heart Rhythm ; 15(7): 987-993, 2018 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29501666

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Criteria for identification of anatomic ventricular tachycardia substrates in arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) on late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) are unclear. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to define (1) the association of regional right ventricular (RV) epicardial voltage amplitude with the distribution of LGE; and (2) appropriate image signal intensity (SI) thresholds for ventricular tachycardia substrate identification in ARVC. METHODS: Preprocedural LGE-CMR and epicardial electrogram mapping were performed in 10 ARVC patients. The locations of epicardial electrogram map points, obtained during sinus rhythm with intrinsic conduction or RV pacing, were retrospectively registered to the corresponding LGE image regions. Standardized SI z-scores (standard deviation distance from the mean) were calculated for each 10-mm region surrounding map points. RESULTS: In patient-clustered, generalized estimating equations models that included 3205 epicardial electroanatomic points and corresponding SI measures, bipolar (-1.43 mV/z-score; P <.001) and unipolar voltage amplitude (-1.22 mV/z-score; P <.001) were associated with regional SI z-scores. In contrast to the QRS-late potential (LP) interval (P = .362), the LP activation index, defined as electrogram duration divided by QRS-LP, was associated with regional SI z-scores (P <.001). SI z-score thresholds >0.05 (95% confidence interval -0.05 to 0.15) and <-0.16 (95% confidence interval -0.26 to 0.06) corresponded to bipolar voltage measures <0.5 and >1.0 mV, respectively. CONCLUSION: Increased RV gadolinium uptake is associated with lower epicardial bipolar and unipolar electrogram voltage amplitude. Standardized LGE-CMR SI z-scores may augment preprocedural planning for identification of low-voltage zones and abnormal myocardium in ARVC.


Assuntos
Displasia Arritmogênica Ventricular Direita/fisiopatologia , Ablação por Cateter/métodos , Mapeamento Epicárdico/métodos , Gadolínio DTPA/farmacologia , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Taquicardia Ventricular/fisiopatologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Displasia Arritmogênica Ventricular Direita/complicações , Displasia Arritmogênica Ventricular Direita/diagnóstico , Meios de Contraste/farmacologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Sistema de Condução Cardíaco/fisiopatologia , Frequência Cardíaca , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Imageamento Tridimensional , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taquicardia Ventricular/etiologia , Taquicardia Ventricular/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem
18.
Pacing Clin Electrophysiol ; 41(1): 14-21, 2018 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29087000

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The study sought to evaluate the procedural and biophysical factors related to acute pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) guided by real-time pulmonary vein (PV) potential recordings. METHODS: A total of 180 consecutive patients with drug-resistant atrial fibrillation (AF) undergoing CB2 (second-generation version of cryoballoon) ablation were enrolled. Real-time monitoring of PV potentials was obtained using an inner lumen spiral mapping catheter. RESULTS: Acute isolation was achieved in all PVs without touch-up ablation. Real-time assessment of PV disconnection was possible in 611 of 711 (85.9%) PVs. A total of 617 (86.8%) PVs were isolated during the initial freeze. Longer time cycle integration (TCI) (TTI * freeze cycle, TCI) (254.6 ± 112.8 seconds vs 74.1 ± 59.7 seconds, P < 0.001), time to isolation (TTI) (94.3 ± 34.0 seconds vs 46.3 ± 26.2 seconds, P < 0.001), higher nadir temperature (-45.5 ± 5.3°C vs -50.4 ± 5.5°C, P < 0.001), longer time to -40°C (77.3 ± 22.7 seconds vs 55.7 ± 23.2 seconds, P < 0.001), faster interval rewarming time at 0°C (9.4 ± 4.3 seconds vs 12.4 ± 4.9 seconds, P = 0.008), and total balloon rewarming time (38.1 ± 11.6 seconds vs 47.7 ± 14.0 seconds, P = 0.003) were observed in PVs with acute reconduction. TTI ≤ 65 seconds predicted absence of acute reconnection with 84.2% sensitivity and 75.7% specificity, whereas TCI ≤ 119 seconds presented 94.7% sensitivity and 80.2% specificity. At a mean follow-up of 4.7 ± 1.4 months, 82.2% of patients were free of AF. None of those with PV reconnections suffered from AF recurrences. CONCLUSIONS: The ablation using CB2 is effective in achieving acute PVI. Real-time assessment of PVI could be achieved during CB application in 86% of PVs. The incidence of spontaneous PV reconnection is very low, observed in just 3% of isolated PVs. TTI ≤ 65 seconds and TCI ≤ 119 seconds predicted absence of acute PV reconnection. Although they may identify effective cryoapplications in the acute phase, their performance still needs to be verified in the long term.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Criocirurgia/métodos , Veias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico por imagem , Ecocardiografia , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Europace ; 20(10): 1666-1674, 2018 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29244066

RESUMO

Aims: We aimed to examine the electrocardiographic and electrophysiologic characteristics of anterograde-conducting decremental accessory pathways (DAP) and to identify surrogate criteria to distinguish short atrioventricular (SAV) DAP from atriofascicular (AF) AP and long atrioventricular (LAV) DAP. Methods and results: We identified all patients with DAPs and analysed electrocardiographic and electrophysiologic characteristics. Distal insertion sites were examined using existing criteria, including V-H interval, ventricular activation at the right ventricular apex, and around tricuspid annulus during antidromic atrioventricular re-entrant tachycardia (A-AVRT) or complete pre-excitation and evaluated the AV node-like properties according to the response to adenosine and radiofrequency ablation. Out of 45 patients with DAPs, 28 (62.2%) had SAV-DAP (13 with definite AF-AP, 2 with definite LAV-DAP, 2 indeterminate). In all, 50% of SAV-DAPs and 53.3% of AF-AP/LAV-DAPs had 'rS' pattern in lead III. Longer QRS duration (159.9 ± 17.4 ms vs. 139.2 ± 14.3 ms, P < 0.0001) during full pre-excitation or A-AVRT differentiated SAV-DAP from AF-AP. The QRS-V(His) interval was longer for those with SAV-DAP compared vs. AF-AP/LAV-DAP (45.3 ± 2.4 ms vs. 22.9 ± 2.5 ms, P < 0.0001) and a cut-off value of 33.0 ms differentiated the two (sensitivity 81.3%, specificity 87.5%). Conclusion: The majority of the SAV-DAPs are located at the TA free wall. An 'rS' pattern in lead III is frequently seen in SAV-DAP as well as AF-AP/LAV-DAPs. Measuring the QRS-V(His) interval would be helpful to distinguish SAV-DAP from AF-AP/LAV-DAP.


Assuntos
Feixe Acessório Atrioventricular/fisiopatologia , Potenciais de Ação/fisiologia , Feixe Acessório Atrioventricular/classificação , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Anomalia de Ebstein/fisiopatologia , Eletrocardiografia , Técnicas Eletrofisiológicas Cardíacas , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
20.
Europace ; 20(4): 673-681, 2018 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28160481

RESUMO

Aims: We sought to investigate the clinical, electrocardiographic, and electrophysiological characteristics of left upper septal fascicular ventricular tachycardia (LUS-VT). Methods and results: Eleven consecutive patients with LUS-VT were identified among 196 patients with left fascicular ventricular tachycardia (VT). Clinical VTs presented as paroxysmal in 8 patients and incessant in 3 patients. Six patients had previous left posterior fascicular VT ablation history. All VTs had narrow QRS complexes with QRS duration of 101.1 ± 9.2 ms. The frontal QRS axis was normal or right deviation. Precordial morphology was either right bundle branch block type or similar to that of sinus rhythm. A retrograde His with H-V interval of 21.9 ± 7.2 ms was recorded during VT. The earliest Purkinje potential (PP) to QRS interval during VT averaged 35.7 ± 4.5 ms. Clear diastolic potentials (DPs) with high frequency and low amplitude were found in only one patient. Ten patients were managed successfully by 11 ablation sessions, and 1 patient declined ablation. Successful targets at the left upper septum were sites with the earliest PP (9 cases) or with DP (1 case) during VT. After ablation, 2 cases (10%) developed new left anterior hemiblock or incomplete left bundle branch block. No VT recurred during a median follow-up period of 3.2 (range 1.0-12.7) years. Conclusion: LUS-VT presented as narrow QRS complex tachycardia. Some LUS-VTs occurred after ablation targeting left posterior fascicular VT. The VTs can be managed successfully by focal ablation at the left upper septum with a mild risk of fascicular injury.


Assuntos
Potenciais de Ação , Eletrocardiografia , Técnicas Eletrofisiológicas Cardíacas , Frequência Cardíaca , Ramos Subendocárdicos/fisiopatologia , Taquicardia Ventricular/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Ablação por Cateter/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Ramos Subendocárdicos/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taquicardia Ventricular/fisiopatologia , Taquicardia Ventricular/cirurgia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA