Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 550
Filtrar
1.
J Sci Food Agric ; 2021 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34786708

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Probiotics are defined as microorganisms that can exert health benefits for the host. Among the recognized probiotics, Lactobacillus paracasei are one of the most frequently used probiotics in humans. The L. paracasei strain M11-4, isolated from fermented rice, which could ferment soymilk within a short curd time, and fermented soymilk presented high viability, acceptable flavor and antioxidant activity, which revealed that the strain maybe have a potential antioxidant value. Therefore, it is necessary to further explore the antioxidant activity of L. paracasei strain M11-4. RESULTS: The radical scavenging activities, lipid peroxidation inhibition, and reducing power of L. paracasei M11-4 were the highest in the fermentation culture without cells, while the activities of other antioxidant enzymes of L. paracasei M11-4 were high in the cell-free extract and bacterial suspension. Moreover, L. paracasei M11-4 exerted its antioxidant effect by upregulating the gene expression of its antioxidant enzymes, thioredoxin (Trx) and glutathione (GSH) systems when hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 ) existed. Supplementation of rats with L. paracasei M11-4 effectively alleviated D-galactose-induced oxidative damage in the liver and serum and prevented D-galactose-induced changes to intestinal microbiota. Supplementation with L. paracasei M11-4 also reduced the elevated expression of Trx and GSH system genes induced by D-galactose. CONCLUSION: L. paracasei M11-4 has good antioxidant properties both in vitro and in vivo and the antioxidant mechanism of it was studied at the molecular level. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

2.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(22)2021 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34829979

RESUMO

Influenza is a respiratory virus that alone or in combination with secondary bacterial pathogens can contribute to the development of acute pneumonia in persons >65 years of age. Host innate immune antiviral signaling early in response to influenza is essential to inhibit early viral replication and guide the initiation of adaptive immune responses. Using young adult (3 months) and aged adult mice infected with mouse adapted H1N1 or H3N2, the results of our study illustrate dysregulated and/or diminished activation of key signaling pathways in aged lung contribute to increased lung inflammation and morbidity. Specifically, within the first seven days of infection, there were significant changes in genes associated with TLR and RIG-I signaling detected in aged murine lung in response to H1N1 or H3N2. Taken together, the results of our study expand our current understanding of age-associated changes in antiviral signaling in the lung.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34742603

RESUMO

Our aim was to evaluate the clinical effect and feasibility of immediate implant placement combined with flap surgery with no bone grafting and non-submerged healing in the maxillary molar area. Thirty-five patients with failed single teeth in the molar area were selected. After minimally invasive extraction of the tooth, the flaps were elevated, and an implant inserted immediately; thereafter a healing abutment was connected. The mucoperiosteal flaps were sutured around the abutment without tension, and a permanent repair was performed six months later. During the study period, the implant survival rate, cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) data, torque value, and the results of a subjective satisfaction survey conducted with a visual analogue scale (VAS), were evaluated to assess the procedure's therapeutic effect and feasibility. All 35 teeth were successfully implanted immediately after flap surgery. The mean (SD) torque value was 42.79 (5.70) N∙cm at the time of placement. During the six-month follow up and after one year of restoration, all 35 teeth showed no loosening, shedding of implants and restoration, or inflammation around the site. The mean (SD) value of the bony space around the implant immediately after the operation was 2.47 (0.56) mm. The bony spaces were filled with new bone after six months postoperatively. The mean (SD) VAS for satisfaction was 8.71 (1.05). Immediate implant placement combined with flap surgery without bone grafting and non-submerged healing is feasible for the maxillary molar area and produces a satisfactory clinical effect.

4.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 21(6): 3274-3282, 2021 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34739782

RESUMO

Spray-forming Al-Cu-Mg alloy was compressed to 70% deformation at 300-450 °C and strain rates of 0.01-10.00 s-1 on a Gleeble-3180 system. The microstructures of the hot deformed, sprayforming, nano-sized Al-Cu-Mg alloys were studied through electron backscatter diffraction. Constitutive equation and parameter Z were established to describe the deformation behavior of the alloy at high temperature, and the Q value was 155.67 KJ·mol-1. 3D power dissipation and processing maps were analyzed under strain values of 0.3, 0.6, 0.9, and 1.2. When the strain was increased from 0.6 to 0.9, the processing performance changed remarkably. Dynamic recovery occurred at low temperature and high strain rate, whereas dynamic recrystallization took place at increased temperature and low strain rate. The region in 400-450 °C and 0.01 s-1-0.08 s-1 exhibited an improved processing performance.


Assuntos
Ligas , Temperatura Alta , Temperatura Baixa , Elétrons
5.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 21(6): 3325-3330, 2021 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34739789

RESUMO

High-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), X-ray diffractometry (XRD), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), and hardness testing are used to investigate the evolution of the long strip-shaped S' phase of spray-formed fine-grained Al-Cu-Mg alloy during rapid cold stamping deformation. The elongated S' phase of the extruded Al-Cu-Mg alloy is subjected to twisting, brittle fracturing, redissolution, and necking during rapid cold stamping deformation. As a result, the morphology, size, distribution, and orientation relationship with the matrix of the long strip-shaped S' phase changed significantly. The regularly distributed long strip-shaped nanoscale precipitates evolved into irregularly distributed short rod-shaped S' phases and diffusely distributed granular reprecipitates. The twist and brittle fracture of the long strip-shaped S' phase significantly increased the contact surface between the precipitated phase and the aluminum matrix, improved the interfacial distortion energy of the precipitated phase and the aluminum matrix, and promoted the redissolution of the S' phase. The supersaturation state is reached, thus resulting in reprecipitation, which then lowered the matrix free energy. The hardness of the extruded Al-Cu-Mg alloy increased from 54.2 HB to 128.1 HB during the rapid cold stamping process.


Assuntos
Ligas , Cobre , Alumínio , Dureza , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão
6.
Pain Physician ; 24(8): E1191-E1198, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34793639

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Regional anesthesia has been used to reduce acute postsurgical pain and to  prevent chronic pain. The best technique, however, remains controversial. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the short- and long-term postoperative analgesic efficacy of ultrasound-guided quadratus lumborum block (QLB) in open gastrointestinal surgery. STUDY DESIGN: A randomized, double-blinded, controlled trial. SETTING: Operating room; postoperative recovery room and ward. METHODS: One hundred eighteen patients underwent elective gastrointestinal surgery randomly assigned into 2 groups (QLB group or control group). Before anesthetic induction, QLB was performed bilaterally under ultrasound guidance using 20 mL of 0.375% ropivacaine or saline solution at each abdominal wall. The primary outcome was cumulative oxycodone consumption within 24 h after surgery. The secondary outcomes were acute pain intensity, incidence of chronic pain, and incidence of postoperative nausea or vomiting (PONV), dizziness, and pruritus. RESULTS: The cumulative oxycodone consumption was significantly lower in the QLB group during the first 6, 6-24, 24, and 48 h postoperatively when compared to the control group. At rest or during coughing, the numeric rating scale scores were significantly lower at 1, 3, 6, and 12 h postoperatively in the QLB group compared to the control group. There were no significant differences between the 2 groups regarding the incidence of chronic postoperative pain at 3 or 6 months after surgery. Significant differences were found in the incidence of PONV between the two groups, but other complications, such as dizziness and pruritus, did not differ significantly. LIMITATIONS: We did not confirm the QLB effectiveness with sensory level testing after local anesthetic injection. Cumulative oxycodone consumption could have been affected by the patients' use of oxycodone for nonsurgical pain. CONCLUSIONS: Ultrasound-guided QLB provided superior short-term analgesia and reduced oxycodone consumption and the incidence of PONV after gastrointestinal surgery. However, the incidence of chronic pain was not significantly affected by this anesthetic technique.

7.
Front Immunol ; 12: 732209, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34650557

RESUMO

Background: Perioperative hypersensitivity reaction (HR) is an IgE-FcϵRI-mediated hypersensitivity reaction with degranulation and activation of mast cells and basophils. Several studies have focused on assessing the degranulation and activation of mast cells and basophils to diagnose and predict the prognosis of drug induced HR. However, it is challenging to isolate sufficiently pure mast cells and basophils from human sources to investigate. Effective biomarkers to assess mast cells and basophils activation in vivo could potentially have high diagnostic and prognostic values. In the present study, we investigated EVs pelleted from serum in patients with succinylated gelatin induced HR. Methods: Extracellular vesicles (EVs) were isolated using a total exosome isolation kit and ultracentrifugation, characterized by Western blot, transmission electron microscopy, and nanoparticle tracking analysis. Basophils were isolated from fresh peripheral blood by negative selection using Basophil Isolation Kit II. Human mast cell line was stimulated with IL4. The expression levels of proteins related to the hypersensitive response were evaluated by Western blotting and flow Cytometer. Histamine and tryptase levels were tested using a commercial ELISA kit, and gene expression of inflammatory mediators was evaluated by qRT-PCR. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the specificity and sensitivity of biomarker in predicting HR. Results: The concentration of EVs and protein expression level of CD63, FcϵRI, CD203c and tryptase were significantly (p< 0.05) increased in HR samples. The expression level of mast cell/basophil specific CD203c were significantly increased in EVs derived from serum and basophils of HR patients, and the CD203c+-EVs production in mast cells is dramatically increased in the presence of IL4, which positively correlated with histamine, tryptase and inflammatory mediators. Moreover, the ROC curve of EVs concentration and CD203c expression indicated that CD203c+-EVs had a strong diagnostic ability for HR. Conclusion: Serum CD203c+-EVs serves as a novel diagnostic and prognostic biomarker for HR.

9.
Opt Express ; 29(20): 31408-31417, 2021 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34615233

RESUMO

Elucidation of the underlying physics for laser-induced periodic surface structures (LIPSSs) is of great importance for their controllable fabrication. We here demonstrate a periodic structure transition from normal to anomalous morphology, upon femtosecond laser irradiation on 50-nm thick Cr/Si films in an air pressure-tunable chamber. As the air pressure gradually decreases, the amount of surface oxide induced by preceding laser pulses is found to reduce, and eventually triggering the structure evolution from the anomalously oriented subwavelength to normally oriented deep-subwavelength LIPSSs. The intriguing structure transition is explained in terms of the competitive excitation between the transverse-electric scattered surface wave and transverse-magnetic hybrid plasmon wave, which is ruled by the thickness of the preformed oxide layer indeed.

10.
Dentomaxillofac Radiol ; : 20210272, 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34644186

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the size and morphology of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) articular disc and condyle in young asymptomatic adults by using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and to provide a reference for clinical diagnosis and scientific study of temporomandibular disorders (TMD). METHODS: Overall, 93 undergraduate volunteers without TMD were enrolled from the freshmen pool at the Qingdao University. All participants underwent MRI of the oblique sagittal and oblique coronal TMJ planes. The articular disc and condyle were subsequently measured, and their morphology was evaluated. The obtained data were then grouped and analyzed statistically. Finally, intragroup correlation coefficient (ICC) was used to evaluate the interobserver measurement reliability. RESULTS: We totally received 186 TMJ imaging samples. Based on our analysis, disc's anterior band in young asymptomatic adult females were thicker than males of the same age (p = 0.024). Moreover, the media-lateral dimensions of the condylar head of adult females were shorter than males of equal age (P<0.001). The bilateral articular disc morphology was the same in 72.4% of subjects while the condylar morphology was the same in 63.4% of participants. Finally, using measurement reliability assessment, we demonstrated that our conclusions are reliable (ICC ≥0.7). CONCLUSION: The thickness of the anterior band of the disc and the media-lateral dimensions of the condylar head were gender-related. Additionally, the morphology of the bilateral articular disc and condyle was different among the subset of young asymptomatic adults.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34713399

RESUMO

Over several decades, arsenic (As) toxicity in the biosphere has affected different flora, fauna, and other environmental components. The majority of these problems are linked with As mobilization due to bacterial dissolution of As-bearing minerals and its transformation in other reservoirs such as soil, sediments, and ground water. Understanding the process, mechanism, and various bacterial species involved in these processes under the influence of some ecological variables greatly contributes to a better understanding of the fate and implications of As mobilization into the environments. This article summarizes the process, role, and various types of bacterial species involved in the transformation and mobilization of As. Furthermore, insight into how Fe(II) oxidation and resistance mechanisms such as methylation and detoxification against the toxic effect of As(III) was highlighted as a potential immobilization and remediation strategy in As-contaminated sites. Furthermore, the significance and comparative advantages of some useful analytical tools used in the evaluation, speciation, and analysis of As are discussed and how their in situ and ex situ applications support assessing As contamination in both laboratory and field settings. Nevertheless, additional research involving advanced molecular techniques is required to elaborate on the contribution of these bacterial consortia as a potential agronomic tool for reducing As availability, particularly in natural circumstances. Graphical abstract. Courtesy of conceptual model: Aminu Darma.

12.
Small ; : e2103756, 2021 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34708524

RESUMO

2D layered organic-inorganic perovskites have attracted substantial attention due to their high stability and promising optoelectronic properties. However, in-depth insights on the anisotropic carrier transport properties of these 2D perovskites are remaining challenging, while they are significant for further designing the high-performance device applications. Here, the carrier transport properties within 2D perovskite single crystals are investigated and a layered-carrier-transport model is developed through the non-invasive and non-destructive surface-enhanced Raman scattering techniques. The carrier transport features of 2D perovskites show clearly the thickness-, applied voltage- and anisotropy-dependent behaviors, which are demonstrated to origin from the quantum confinement effect. The findings elucidate the carrier transport mechanisms within 2D perovskites from their molecular level through Raman spectroscopy, thus providing a promising way for exploring the photo-physical properties in wide-ranged halide perovskites and designing highly efficient perovskite optoelectronic devices.

13.
Micromachines (Basel) ; 12(10)2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34683288

RESUMO

The nucleation of graphene at different locations in the quartz boat was studied, and the lowest nucleation density of graphene in the quartz boat was found. The nucleation density of graphene is the lowest at the bottom of the quartz boat near the gas inlet side. Based on the above results, a simple and reproducible way is proposed to significantly suppress the nucleation density of graphene on the copper foil during the chemical vapor deposition process. Placing the copper foil with an area of 1.3 cm × 1 cm in the middle of the bottom of the quartz boat or further back, and placing two copper pockets in front of the copper foil, an ultra-low nucleation density of ~42 nucleus/cm2 was achieved on the back of the copper foil. Single-crystal monolayer graphene with a lateral size of 800 µm can be grown on the back of copper foils after 60 min of growth. Raman spectroscopy revealed the single-crystal graphene to be in uniform monolayers with a low D-band intensity.

14.
Environ Res ; : 112190, 2021 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34624269

RESUMO

Mercury (Hg) contamination and accumulation in food crops is a global threat posing potential health risk to humans. However, Hg phytoavailability in soil-pepper system and its influencing factors largely remain unknown. In this study, a greenhouse pot experiment was conducted to grow peppers using 21 Chinese agricultural soils with varied soil properties and aged Hg levels. Mercury concentration in pepper leaves and fruits ranged from 0.021 to 0.057 mg kg-1 and 0.005-0.022 mg kg-1 respectively, while fruit Hg content in three soils (Anhui, Hubei, Beijing) exceeded the safety limit. Fruit Hg concentration was better positively correlated with soil Mg(NO3)2-extractable Hg content (r = 0.7, P < 0.0001) than soil total Hg content (r = 0.45, P < 0.0001). Highest bioconcentration factor (BCF, ratio of Hg plant to Hg soil) yielded in acidic soils, while the lowest BCF occurred in alkaline soils. Path analysis indicated available-Hg (R2 = 0.40) and total-Hg (R2 = 0.40) had direct positive effects on the pepper fruit Hg concentration, while direct negative effects including pH (R2 = -0.86), organic matter (R2 = -0.7), crystalline-Fe (R2 = -0.68). Those agreed with the stepwise multiple linear regression analysis which yielded a regression predictive model (R2 = 0.73, P < 0.0001). Soil available-Hg, total-Hg, pH, organic matter and crystalline-Fe & Mn were the most influencing factors of Hg phytoavailability. These results provide new insights into the phytoavailability of Hg in soil-pepper system, thus facilitating the management of pepper cultivation in Hg-enriched soils.

15.
Trials ; 22(1): 566, 2021 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34521466

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Non-alcohol fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common chronic liver disease in the world, with a high incidence and no effective treatment. At present, the targeted therapy of intestinal microbes for NAFLD is highly valued. Lycium barbarum polysaccharide (LBP), as the main active ingredient of Lycium barbarum, is considered to be a new type of prebiotic substance, which can improve NAFLD by regulating the gut microbiota. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of LBP supplementation in modulating gut microbiota for NAFLD patients. METHODS: This randomized, double-blind, placebo-control study will be conducted in the physical examination center of the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region People's Hospital. A total of 50 patients with NAFLD confirmed by abdominal ultrasound, laboratory tests, and questionnaire surveys will be recruited and randomly assigned into the control group (maltodextrin placebo capsules) and the intervention group (LBP supplementation capsules) for 3 months. Neither patients, nor investigators, nor data collectors will know the contents in each capsule and the randomization list. The primary outcome measure is the level of ALT concentration relief after the intervention. Secondary outcomes include gut microbiota abundance and diversity, intestinal permeability, patient's characteristic demographic data and body composition, adverse effects, and compliance from patients. DISCUSSION: LBPs are potential prebiotics with the property of regulating host gut microbiota. Our previous studies have documented that LBP supplement can improve the liver damage and the gut microflora dysbiosis in NAFLD rats. This treatment would provide a more in-depth understanding of the effect of this LBP supplementation. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese Clinical Trial Register, ChiCTR2000034740 . Registered on 17 July 2020.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Animais , Suplementos Nutricionais , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/diagnóstico , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/tratamento farmacológico , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Ratos
16.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 11(9)2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34578705

RESUMO

We report the formation of a sole long nanowire structure and the regular nanowire arrays inside a groove on the surface of Fe-based metallic glass upon irradiation of two temporally delayed femtosecond lasers with the identical linear polarization parallel and perpendicular to the groove, respectively. The regular structure formation can be well observed within the delay time of 20 ps for a given total laser fluence of F = 30 mJ/cm2 and within a total laser fluence range of F = 30-42 mJ/cm2 for a given delay time of 5 ps. The structural features, including the unit width and distribution period, are measured on a one-hundred nanometer scale, much less than the incident laser wavelength of 800 nm. The degree of structure regularity sharply contrasts with traditional observations. To comprehensively understand such phenomena, we propose a new physical model by considering the spin angular momentum of surface plasmon and its enhanced inhomogeneous magnetization for the ferromagnetic metal. Therefore, an intensive TE polarized magnetic surface wave is excited to result in the nanometer-scaled energy fringes and the ablative troughs. The theory is further verified by the observation of nanowire structure disappearance at the larger time delays of two laser pulses.

17.
J Neurosci ; 41(39): 8163-8180, 2021 09 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34385359

RESUMO

Sox10 is a well known factor to control oligodendrocyte (OL) differentiation, and its expression is regulated by Olig2. As an important protein kinase, Akt has been implicated in diseases with white matter abnormalities. To study whether and how Akt may regulate OL development, we generated OL lineage cell-specific Akt1/Akt2/Akt3 triple conditional knock-out (Akt cTKO) mice. Both male and female mice were used. These mutants exhibit a complete loss of mature OLs and unchanged apoptotic cell death in the CNS. We show that the deletion of Akt three isoforms causes downregulation of Sox10 and decreased levels of phosphorylated FoxO1 in the brain. In vitro analysis reveals that the expression of FoxO1 with mutations on phosphorylation sites for Akt significantly represses the Sox10 promoter activity, suggesting that phosphorylation of FoxO1 by Akt is important for Sox10 expression. We further demonstrate that mutant FoxO1 without Akt phosphorylation epitopes is enriched in the Sox10 promoter. Together, this study identifies a novel FoxO1 phosphorylation-dependent mechanism for Sox10 expression and OL differentiation.SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT Dysfunction of Akt is associated with white matter diseases including the agenesis of the corpus callosum. However, it remains unknown whether Akt plays an important role in oligodendrocyte differentiation. To address this question, we generated oligodendrocyte lineage cell-specific Akt1/Akt2/Akt3 triple-conditional knock-out mice. Akt mutants exhibit deficient white matter development, loss of mature oligodendrocytes, absence of myelination, and unchanged apoptotic cell death in the CNS. We demonstrate that deletion of Akt three isoforms leads to downregulation of Sox10, and that phosphorylation of FoxO1 by Akt is critical for Sox10 expression. Together, these findings reveal a novel mechanism to regulate Sox10 expression. This study may provide insights into molecular mechanisms for neurodevelopmental diseases caused by dysfunction of protein kinases.


Assuntos
Encéfalo/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular/fisiologia , Oligodendroglia/citologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição SOXE/metabolismo , Medula Espinal/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose/fisiologia , Feminino , Proteína Forkhead Box O1/genética , Proteína Forkhead Box O1/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Oligodendroglia/metabolismo , Fosforilação , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Fatores de Transcrição SOXE/genética , Substância Branca/metabolismo
18.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 8: 655686, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34409047

RESUMO

Objective: Investigate whether machine learning can predict pulmonary complications (PPCs) after emergency gastrointestinal surgery in patients with acute diffuse peritonitis. Methods: This is a secondary data analysis study. We use five machine learning algorithms (Logistic regression, DecisionTree, GradientBoosting, Xgbc, and gbm) to predict postoperative pulmonary complications. Results: Nine hundred and twenty-six cases were included in this study; 187 cases (20.19%) had PPCs. The five most important variables for the postoperative weight were preoperative albumin, cholesterol on the 3rd day after surgery, albumin on the day of surgery, platelet count on the 1st day after surgery and cholesterol count on the 1st day after surgery for pulmonary complications. In the test group: the logistic regression model shows AUC = 0.808, accuracy = 0.824 and precision = 0.621; Decision tree shows AUC = 0.702, accuracy = 0.795 and precision = 0.486; The GradientBoosting model shows AUC = 0.788, accuracy = 0.827 and precision = 1.000; The Xgbc model shows AUC = 0.784, accuracy = 0.806 and precision = 0.583. The Gbm model shows AUC = 0.814, accuracy = 0.806 and precision = 0.750. Conclusion: Machine learning algorithms can predict patients' PPCs with acute diffuse peritonitis. Moreover, the results of the importance matrix for the Gbdt algorithm model show that albumin, cholesterol, age, and platelets are the main variables that account for the highest pulmonary complication weights.

19.
Healthcare (Basel) ; 9(7)2021 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34356224

RESUMO

As an important part of human resources, college graduates are the most vigorous, energetic, and creative group in society. The employment of college graduates is not only related to the vital interests of graduates themselves and the general public, but also related to the sustainable and healthy development of higher education and the country's prosperity through science and education. However, the outbreak of COVID-19 at the end of 2019 has left China's domestic labor and employment market in severe condition, which has a significant impact on the employment of college graduates. Based on the situation, the Chinese government has formulated a series of employment promotion policies for college graduates in accordance with local conditions to solve the current difficulties in employment of college graduates during the COVID-19Pandemic. Do these policies meet the expectations of the people? Is the policy implementation process reasonable? All these issues need to be tested and clarified urgently. This paper takes the employment promotion policy of college graduates under the COVID-19 as the research object, uses the PMC index model to screen the policy texts, obtains two perfect policy texts, and uses the Weibo comments to construct the evaluation model of policy measures support degree to analyze the social effects of employment promotion policies for college graduates. The results show that the public's support degree with the employment promotion policies for college graduates under COVID-19 needs to be improved. Among them, the public has a neutral attitude towards position measures and transference measures but is obviously dissatisfied with subsidy measures and channel measures. Finally, suggestions for improving policy are given to make the employment policy in line with public opinion and effectively relieve the job hunting pressure of college graduates.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...