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1.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 28(5): 592-594, Set.-Oct. 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376669

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Introduction: The ankle joint is the most load-bearing joint of the human body. The health consciousness of people is increasing day by day, the probability of ankle sports injuries is also increasing. Objective: Analyze the applying sports medicine ultrasound value to rehabilitate anterior talofibular tendon injury. Methods: Seventy- two patients with anterior talofibular injury in a particular hospital were divided into control and observation groups to observe the effect of recovery, recovery time, and degree of ligament injury during rehabilitation treatment. Results: In the observation group, the complete recovery rate was 91.67%, incomplete recovery (8.33%), recovery time was (2.36±0.9) months. The complete recovery rate of the control group is (77.78%), the incomplete recovery (22.2%), the recovery time (3.58±0.42) months. Patients in the experimental group had a higher grade of ligament injury III than those in the control group during each rehabilitation period; the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusions: Sports medical ultrasound can determine the degree of anterior talofibular ligament rupture after injury, providing a basis for the clinical formulation of the treatment plan. Evidence Level II; Therapeutic Studies - Investigating the result.


RESUMO Introdução: A articulação do tornozelo é a articulação do corpo humano que mais suporta carga. A consciência da saúde das pessoas está aumentando de dia para dia, a probabilidade de lesões esportivas no tornozelo também está aumentando. Objetivo: Analisar o valor de aplicação do ultra-som de medicina esportiva para a reabilitação de lesão no tendão talofibular anterior. Métodos: Setenta e dois pacientes com lesão talofibular anterior em um determinado hospital foram divididos em grupos de controle e observação para observar o efeito da recuperação, o tempo de recuperação e o grau de lesão ligamentar durante o tratamento da reabilitação. Resultados: No grupo de observação, a taxa de recuperação completa foi de 91,67%, a recuperação incompleta (8,33%), o tempo de recuperação foi de (2,36±0,9) meses. A taxa de recuperação completa do grupo de controle é de (77,78%), a recuperação incompleta (22,2%), o tempo de recuperação (3,58±0,42) meses. Os pacientes do grupo experimental tiveram maior grau de lesão ligamentar III do que os do grupo controle durante cada período de reabilitação, a diferença foi estatisticamente significativa (P<0,05). Conclusões: A ultra-sonografia médica esportiva pode determinar o grau de ruptura do ligamento talofibular anterior após a lesão, fornecendo uma base para a formulação clínica do plano de tratamento. Nível de evidência II; Estudos Terapêuticos - Investigação de Resultados.


RESUMEN Introducción: La articulación del tobillo es la que más carga soporta del cuerpo humano. La conciencia de la salud de las personas aumenta día a día, la probabilidad de lesiones deportivas en el tobillo también aumenta. Objetivo: Analizar el valor de la aplicación de ultrasonidos en medicina deportiva para la rehabilitación de la lesión del tendón talofibular anterior. Métodos: Setenta y dos pacientes con lesión talofibular anterior en un hospital particular fueron divididos en grupos de control y de observación para observar el efecto de la recuperación, el tiempo de recuperación y el grado de lesión del ligamento durante el tratamiento de rehabilitación. Resultados: En el grupo de observación, la tasa de recuperación completa fue del 91,67%, la recuperación incompleta (8,33%), el tiempo de recuperación fue de (2,36±0,9) meses. La tasa de recuperación completa del grupo de control fue (77,78%), la recuperación incompleta (22,2%), el tiempo de recuperación (3,58±0,42) meses. Los pacientes del grupo experimental tuvieron un mayor grado de lesión del ligamento III que el grupo de control durante cada periodo de rehabilitación, la diferencia fue estadísticamente significativa (P<0,05). Conclusiones: La ecografía médico-deportiva puede determinar el grado de rotura del ligamento talofibular anterior tras la lesión, proporcionando una base para la formulación clínica del plan de tratamiento. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - Investigación de resultados.

3.
J Immunol ; 2022 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35922065

RESUMO

The thymus is a primary lymphoid organ for T cell development. Increasing evidence found that the thymus is also an important site for development of innate lymphoid cells (ILCs). ILCs generated in thymi acquire unique homing properties that direct their localization into barrier tissues such as the skin and intestine, where they help local homeostasis. Mechanisms underlying the developmental programming of unique tissue-homing properties of ILCs are poorly understood. We report in this article that thymic stroma-derived Notch signaling is differentially involved in thymic generation of a population of NK1.1+ group 1 ILCs (ILC1s) with the CCR10+ skin-homing property in adult and neonatal mice. We found that thymic generation of CCR10+NK1.1+ ILC1s is increased in T cell-deficient mice at adult, but not neonatal, stages, supporting the notion that a large number of developing T cells interfere with signals required for generation of CCR10+NK1.1+ ILC1s. In an in vitro differentiation assay, increasing Notch signals promotes generation of CCR10+NK1.1+ ILC1s from hematopoietic progenitors. Knockout of the Notch ligand Delta-like 4 in thymic stroma impairs generation of CCR10+NK1.1+ ILC1s in adult thymi, but development of CCR10+NK1.1+ ILC1s in neonatal thymi is less dependent on Delta-like 4-derived Notch signals. Mechanistically, the Notch signaling is required for proper expression of the IL-7R CD127 on thymic NK1.1+ ILC1s, and deficiency of CD127 also impairs thymic generation of CCR10+NK1.1+ ILC1s at adult, but not perinatal, stages. Our findings advanced understanding of regulatory mechanisms of thymic innate lymphocyte development.

4.
Arch Insect Biochem Physiol ; : e21952, 2022 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35909310

RESUMO

Papilio machaon was assigned as the type species for all butterflies by Linnaeus and P. bianor is a congener but exhibits a great difference in morphology (especially larva and adult color pattern) and larval host plants from P. machaon. Thus, they are the ideal models to investigate genetic mechanisms underlying morphology and plasticity between congeners. The reference genomes of both species were dissected in our previous studies, but little is known about their regulatory genome and the epigenetic regulation of gene expression throughout developmental stages. Here, we profiled the chromatin accessibility and gene expression of three developmental stages (the 4th instar larva [L4], the 5th instar larva [L5], and pupa [P]) using transposase accessible chromatin sequencing (ATAC-seq) and RNA-seq. Results showed that many accessible chromatin peaks were identified at three developmental stages (peak number, P. machaon: 44,977 [L4], 36,919 [L5], 47,147 [P]; P. bianor: 20,341 [L4], 44,668 [L5], 62,249 [P]). Moreover, the number of differentially accessible peaks and differentially expressed genes between larval stages of each butterfly species are significantly fewer than that between larval and pupal stages, suggesting a higher similarity within larvae and a significant difference between larvae and pupae. This study added the annotated information of chromatin accessibility genome-wide of the two papilionid species and will promote the investigation of gene regulation in butterfly evolution.

5.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 119: 33-43, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35934463

RESUMO

The stronger coordination ability of mercury ions with organic ligands than the metal ions in metal organic framework (MOFs) provides an accessible way to separate mercury ions from solution using specific MOFs. In this study, a Co-based MOF (ZIF-67, Co(mIM)2) was synthesized. It did not introduce specific functional groups, such as -SH and -NH2, into its structure through complicated steps. It separate Hg2+ from wastewater with a new strategy, which utilized the stronger coordination ability of Hg2+ with the nitrogen atom on the imidazole ring of the organic ligand than the Co2+ ions. Hg2+ replaced Co2+ nodes from ZIF-67 and formed a more stable precipitate with mIM. The experimental results showed that this new strategy was efficient. ZIF-67 exhibited Hg2+ adsorption capacity of 1740 mg/g, much higher than the known MOFs sorbents. mIMs is the reaction center and ZIF-67 can improve its utilization. The sample color faded from purple to white due to the loss of cobalt ion. It is a great feature of ZIF-67 that allows users to judge whether the sorbent is deactivated intuitively. ZIF-67 can be sustainable recycled by adding organic ligands to the solution after treatment due to its simple synthesis method at room temperature. It's a high-efficient and sustainable sorbent for Hg2+ separation from wastewater.


Assuntos
Mercúrio , Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Íons , Mercúrio/química , Estruturas Metalorgânicas/química , Águas Residuárias , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
6.
Front Physiol ; 13: 927507, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35936889

RESUMO

Objective: The aim of the study was to compare the effects of APRV and LTV ventilation on pulmonary permeability in severe ARDS. Methods: Mini Bama adult pigs were randomized into the APRV group (n = 5) and LTV group (n = 5). A severe ARDS animal model was induced by the whole lung saline lavage. Pigs were ventilated and monitored continuously for 48 h. Results: Compared with the LTV group, CStat was significantly better (p < 0.05), and the PaO2/FiO2 ratio showed a trend to be higher throughout the period of the experiment in the APRV group. The extravascular lung water index and pulmonary vascular permeability index showed a trend to be lower in the APRV group. APRV also significantly mitigates lung histopathologic injury determined by the lung histopathological injury score (p < 0.05) and gross pathological changes of lung tissues. The protein contents of occludin (p < 0.05), claudin-5 (p < 0.05), E-cadherin (p < 0.05), and VE-cadherin (p < 0.05) in the middle lobe of the right lung were higher in the APRV group than in the LTV group; among them, the contents of occludin (p < 0.05) and E-cadherin (p < 0.05) of the whole lung were higher in the APRV group. Transmission electron microscopy showed that alveolar-capillary barrier damage was more severe in the middle lobe of lungs in the LTV group. Conclusion: In comparison with LTV, APRV could preserve the alveolar-capillary barrier architecture, mitigate lung histopathologic injury, increase the expression of cell junction protein, improve respiratory system compliance, and showed a trend to reduce extravascular lung water and improve oxygenation. These findings indicated that APRV might lead to more profound beneficial effects on the integrity of the alveolar-capillary barrier architecture and on the expression of biomarkers related to pulmonary permeability.

7.
Chem Biol Interact ; : 110085, 2022 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35940284

RESUMO

Benzo(a)pyrene (BaP) is a well-known environmental endocrine pollutant, which has ovarian toxicity in mammals. Ovarian corpus luteum (CL), as the main source of progesterone synthesis in early pregnant female, requires a large number of mitochondria for energy supply. We previously demonstrated that BaP and its metabolite benzo(a)pyren-7, 8-dihydrodiol-9, 10-epoxide (BPDE) inhibited the ovarian melatonin receptors (MTRs) expression and decreased the levels of estrogen and progesterone during early pregnancy in mice. Emerging researches show that MTRs also exist on mitochondrial membrane and participate in the regulation of mitochondrial function. However, the relationship between BaP, MTRs on mitochondrial membrane and mitochondrial function remains unknown. Consequently, this study focuses on the effect and potential mechanism of BaP on ovarian luteal mitochondrial function during early pregnancy. We found that BaP and its metabolite BPDE decreased MTRs in early pregnant CL and luteinized KGN cells, especially in mitochondria. Furthermore, BaP or BPDE up-regulated the expression of SIRT3, Mfn2 and Drp-1, damaged mitochondrial morphology and decreased the MMP and the ATP levels, thereby causing mitochondrial dysfunction. Notably, activation of the MTRs on mitochondrial membrane by MTRs agonist ramelteon partially alleviated BPDE-induced up-regulation of SIRT3, Mfn2 and Drp-1, reduced mitochondrial fragmentation and enhanced the MMP and the ATP levels, thus restoring the expression of steroid rate-limiting enzymes. Together, these findings firstly proved that BaP and BPDE down-regulate MTRs on mitochondrial membrane, and further injure mitochondrial function in early pregnant rats' CL, which provides a new insight for understanding the exact mechanism of the BaP-induced ovarian toxicity.

8.
Mater Today Bio ; 16: 100360, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35937574

RESUMO

Periodontitis is a bacterial-induced, chronic inflammatory disease characterized by progressive destruction of tooth-supporting structures. Pathogenic bacteria residing in deep periodontal pockets after traditional manual debridement can still lead to local inflammatory microenvironment, which remains a challenging problem and an urgent need for better therapeutic strategies. Here, we integrated the advantages of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) and hydrogels to prepare an injectable nanocomposite hydrogel by incorporating dexamethasone-loaded zeolitic imidazolate frameworks-8 (DZIF) nanoparticles into the photocrosslinking matrix of methacrylic polyphosphoester (PPEMA) and methacrylic gelatin (GelMA). The injectable hydrogel could be easily injected into deep periodontal pockets, achieving high local concentrations without leading to antibiotic resistance. The nanocomposite hydrogel had high antibacterial activity and constructs with stable microenvironments maintain cell viability, proliferation, spreading, as well as osteogenesis, and down-regulated inflammatory genes expression in vitro. When evaluated on an experimental periodontitis rat model, micro-computed tomography and histological analyses showed that the nanocomposite hydrogel effectively reduced periodontal inflammation and attenuated inflammation-induced bone loss in a rat model of periodontitis. These findings suggest that the nanocomposite hydrogel might be a promising therapeutic candidate for treating periodontal disease.

9.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 13: 817523, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35937825

RESUMO

Introduction: Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a common complication of Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) for male patients and it is considered to be associated with different causes including hyperglicemia-induced vascular endothelial cell damages. However, the possible central neural mechanisms shared by these two diseases remain unclear. This study aimed to explore the changes of brain activity and their relationships with the clinical characteristics in patients with diabetic ED. Methods: The data of resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging were acquired in 31 T2DM patients with ED (DM-ED) and 31 matched healthy controls (HCs). The whole-brain regional homogeneity (ReHo) values were calculated and compared between groups. In addition, Pearson correlation analysis was performed to evaluate the relationships between brain regions with altered ReHo values and clinical characteristics in the patient group. Results: The DM-ED group exhibited increased ReHo values in the right middle frontal gyrus (orbital part) and decreased ReHo values in the left superior frontal gyrus (dorsolateral), paracentral lobule, precuneus and bilateral supplementary motor area when compared with the HCs group. Moreover, significantly negative correlations were found between ReHo values of the left superior frontal gyrus (dorsolateral) and IIEF-5 scores, as well as the level of HbA1c in the DM-ED group. Conclusion: The altered spontaneous brain activity in cognitive-related regions revealed by ReHo values might provide new insights into the neurological pathophysiology underlying DM-ED and serve as potential neuroimaging biomarkers for detecting and evaluating ED in diabetes patients.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Disfunção Erétil , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Encéfalo/patologia , Mapeamento Encefálico/métodos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/patologia , Disfunção Erétil/complicações , Disfunção Erétil/etiologia , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Masculino
10.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 42(8): 863-70, 2022 Aug 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35938328

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of acupuncture on the brain functional activities of the patients with primary dysmenorrhea based on the resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI), and to provide visual evidence for the central mechanism of acupuncture in treatment of primary dysmenorrhea. METHODS: Forty-two patients of primary dysmenorrhea were enrolled and randomly divided into an observation group (21 cases, 1 case dropped off) and a control group (21 cases, 2 cases dropped off, 3 cases withdrawal). In the observation group, acupuncture was exerted at Sanyinjiao (SP 6) and Guanyuan (CV 4), started 5-7 days before menstrual flow, once a day till menstrual onset, for a total of 3 menstrual cycles. No intervention was applied in the control group. The scores of visual analogue scale (VAS) and Cox menstrual symptom scale (CMSS) were observed in both groups before and after treatment. Based on rs-fMRI, the data of resting-state functional magnetic resonance were collected from two groups before and after treatment. Combined with functional connectivity strength (FCS) and functional connectivity (FC) analysis, the differences of brain regions before and after treatment were compared between the two groups and the correlation was analyzed between their functional connectivity changes and the improvements in VAS and CMSS scores of the patients in the observation group. RESULTS: In the observation group, the scores of VAS and CMSS were all decreased after treatment (P<0.05), while the scores related to the symptom time in CMSS was reduced in comparison with that before treatment in the control group (P<0.05). The score reducing ranges of VAS and CMSS in the observation group were larger than the control group (P<0.05). Compared before treatment, FCS of the right middle cingulate cortex and the left cuneus was increased, while FCS of the left inferior parietal lobule was decreased after treatment in the observation group. In the control group, FCS of the left orbital frontal cortex was increased after treatment. Compared with the control group, FCS of the left anterior insula was increased in the observation group after treatment. FC analysis was performed using the left anterior insula as the seed point. In comparison with the control group, FC of the left anterior insula was increased either with the inferior temporal gyrus or with the right hippocampus; and was decreased either with the middle occipital lobe or with the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in the observation group after treatment. In the observation group, FC between the left anterior insula and the right hippocampus was positively correlated with the improvements in symptom severity (r =0.385, P<0.05) and symptom time (r =0.510, P<0.05) of CMSS, and FC between the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and the left anterior insula was negatively correlated with the improvement in symptom severity of CMSS after treatment (r =-0.373, P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The anterior insula may be the key brain region in treatment of primary dysmenorrhea with acupuncture. Acupuncture may relieve dysmenorrhea and the related symptoms through strengthening the functional connectivity of anterior insula-limbic system and anterior insula-control network.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Dismenorreia , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Dismenorreia/diagnóstico por imagem , Dismenorreia/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos
11.
Cells ; 11(15)2022 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35954224

RESUMO

Farm animal salivary glands hold great potential as efficient bioreactors for production of human therapeutic proteins. Nerve growth factor (NGF) is naturally expressed in animal salivary glands and has been approved for human clinical treatment. This study aims to employ transgenic (TG) pig salivary gland as bioreactors for efficient synthesis of human NGF (hNGF). hNGF-TG pigs were generated by cloning in combination with piggyBac transposon-mediated gene transfer. These hNGF-TG pigs specifically expressed hNGF protein in their salivary glands and secreted it at high levels into saliva. Surgical and nonsurgical approaches were developed to efficiently collect saliva from hNGF-TG pigs. hNGF protein was successfully purified from collected saliva and was verified to be biologically active. In an additional step, the double-transgenic pigs, where the endogenous porcine NGF (pNGF) gene was replaced by another copy of hNGF transgene, were created by cloning combined with CRISPR/Cas9-mediated homologous recombination. These double-transgenic pigs expressed hNGF but not pNGF, thus avoiding possible "contamination" of hNGF with pNGF protein during purification. In conclusion, TG pig salivary glands can be used as robust bioreactors for a large-scale synthesis of functional hNGF or other valuable proteins. This new animal pharming method will benefit both human health and biomedicine.


Assuntos
Fator de Crescimento Neural , Glândulas Salivares , Animais , Animais Geneticamente Modificados , Reatores Biológicos , Humanos , Fator de Crescimento Neural/metabolismo , Glândulas Salivares/metabolismo , Suínos , Transgenes
12.
Molecules ; 27(15)2022 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35956753

RESUMO

As an important biomarker in urine, the level of uric acid is of importance for human health. In this work, a Cu(II) functionalized metal-organic framework (Cu2+@Tb-MOFs) is designed and developed as a novel fluorescence probe for wide-range uric acid detection in human urine. The study shows that this fluorescence platform demonstrated excellent pH-independent stability, high water tolerance, and good thermal stability. Based on the strong interaction between metal ions and uric acid, the designed Cu2+@Tb-MOFs can be employed as efficient turn-on fluorescent probes for the detection of uric acid with wide detection range (0~104 µM) and high sensitivity (LOD = 0.65 µM). This probe also demonstrates an anti-interference property, as other species coexisted, and the possibility for recycling. The sensing mechanisms are further discussed at length. More importantly, we experimentally constructed a molecular logic gate operation based on this fluorescence probe for intelligent detection of uric acid. These results suggest the Cu(II) functionalized metal-organic framework can act as a prominent candidate for personalized monitoring of the concentration of uric acid in the human urine system.


Assuntos
Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Corantes Fluorescentes , Humanos , Íons , Espectrometria de Fluorescência/métodos , Ácido Úrico
13.
Surg Endosc ; 2022 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35962228

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to compare the timing of interval appendectomy (IA) and its impact on post-operative outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed for adult patients diagnosed with appendicitis between 2006 and 2017. IA was defined as a follow-up appendectomy > 1 week and < 2 years after the initial presentation. Time intervals were divided into 4 groups based on patient quartiles: 1-6 weeks, 7-9 weeks, 10-15 weeks, and > 15 weeks. The primary outcome measure was length of stay (LOS). Secondary outcomes included 30-day readmission and IA post-operative complications. Tertiary outcomes included 30-day mortality and colonoscopy suggesting neoplasm or Inflammatory Bowel Disease. RESULTS: A total of 5069 patients' records whose interval appendectomy fell > 1 week and < 2 years after initial presentation were analyzed. Among them, 1006 (19.85%) underwent an initial percutaneous abscess drainage at diagnosis. The median timing for IA was 9.2 weeks. Patients with IA at 1-6 weeks were more likely to have longer LOS when compared to 7-9 weeks (ratio 1.33, 95% CI 1.2-1.48) and 10-15 weeks (ratio 1.38, 95% CI 1.25-1.52). IA between 7 and 9 weeks (ratio 0.81, 95% CI 0.73-0.89) and 10-15 weeks (ratio 0.78, 95% CI 0.71-0.86) was associated with significantly shorter LOS compared to those receiving the operation after 15 weeks. Further, patients requiring abscess drainage (ratio 1.2, 95% CI 1.13-1.34) or those with comorbidities (ratio 1.51, 95% CI 1.39-1.63) were more likely to have longer LOS at IA. Socioeconomic and demographic differences including Black, Hispanic, and those with Medicare and Medicaid insurance had a greater LOS after their IA. CONCLUSION: LOS remains lowest among patients undergoing IA between 7-9 weeks and 10-15 weeks after initial appendicitis presentation. Patients with lower socioeconomic status or from racial minorities had a longer LOS after IA.

14.
J Clin Lab Anal ; : e24646, 2022 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35944186

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to investigate the expression levels of Th9 CD4+ T cells and IL-9 secretion in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of patients with primary Sjogren's syndrome. Further, this study aimed to investigate the role of Th9 cells in the occurrence and development of pSS. METHODS: A total of 20 pSS patients and 20 healthy people, matched with age and gender, were selected as the experimental and control group, respectively. Flow cytometry and ELISA were used to detect the expression of Th9 cytokines in peripheral blood mononuclear cells and IL-9 in serum, respectively. These factors were then correlated to other clinical indicators. RESULTS: The levels of Th9 CD4+ T cells and IL-9 of pSS patients were significantly higher than those of the control group. Th9 CD4+ T cells and IL-9 levels in peripheral blood of pSS patients were negatively correlated with salivary flow rate, while IL-9 level was positively correlated with globulin. The transcription levels of IL-9 and immune-related genes including IL-4, IL-7, IL-17, SMAD3, STAT5 and JAK3 were dramatically increased in serum of pSS patients. CONCLUSION: The expression levels of Th9 in peripheral blood and serum IL-9 of patients with pSS were significantly increased, which were correlated with clinical immunological indexes. Together, these data suggest that Th9 cells and IL-9 may be involved in the pathogenesis of pSS.

15.
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther ; : 103057, 2022 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35944848

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is a major complication of Primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) patients.It is one of the main factors leading to the death of patients. The aimed of this study is to evaluate the value of serum Raman spectroscopy combined with machine learning algorithms in the discriminatory diagnosis of patients with Primary Sjögren's syndrome associated with interstitial lung disease (pSS-ILD). METHODS: Raman spectroscopy was performed on the serum of 30 patients with pSS, 28 patients with pSS-ILD and 30 healthy controls (HC). First, the data were pre-processed using baseline correction, smoothing, outlier removal and normalization operations. Then principal component analysis (PCA) is used to reduce the dimension of data. Finally, support vector machine(SVM), k nearest neighbor (KNN) and random forest (RF) models are established for classification. RESULTS: In this study, SVM, KNN and RF were used as classification models, where SVM chooses polynomial kernel function (poly). The average accuracy, sensitivity, and precision of the three models were obtained after dimensionality reduction. The Accuracy of SVM (poly) was 5.71% higher than KNN and 6.67% higher than RF; Sensitivity was 5.79% higher than KNN and 8.56% higher than RF; Precision was 6.19% higher than KNN and 7.45% higher than RF. It can be seen that the SVM (poly) had better discriminative effect. In summary, SVM (poly) had a fine classification effect, and the average accuracy, sensitivity and precision of this model reached 89.52%, 91.27% and 89.52%, respectively, with an AUC value of 0.921. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that serum RS combined with machine learning algorithms is a valuable tool for diagnosing patients with pSS-ILD. It has promising applications.

16.
Exp Biol Med (Maywood) ; : 15353702221113828, 2022 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35946168

RESUMO

Brain metastasis (BM) is one of the rare metastatic sites of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC). ICC with BM can seriously affect the quality of life of patients and lead to a poor prognosis. The aim of this study was to establish two nomograms to estimate the risk of BM in ICC patients and the prognosis of ICC patients with BM. Data on 19,166 individuals diagnosed with ICC were retrospectively collected from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database. Independent risk factors and prognostic factors were identified by the logistic and the Cox regression, respectively. Next, two nomograms were developed, and their discrimination was estimated by concordance index (C-index) and calibration plots, while the clinical benefits of the prognostic nomogram were evaluated using the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves, the decision curve analysis (DCA), and the Kaplan-Meier analyses. The independent risk factors for BM were T stage, N stage, surgery, alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) level, and tumor size. T stage, surgery, radiotherapy, and bone metastasis were prognostic factors for overall survival (OS). For the prognostic nomogram, the C-index was 0.759 (95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.745-0.773) and 0.764 (95% CI = 0.747-0.781) in the training and the validation cohort, respectively. The calibration curves revealed a robust agreement between predictions and actual observations probability. The area under curves (AUCs) for the 3-, 6-, and 9-month OS were 0.721, 0.727, and 0.790 in the training cohort and 0.702, 0.777, and 0.853 in the validation cohort, respectively. The DCA curves yielded remarkable positive net benefits over a wide range of threshold probabilities. The Kaplan-Meier analysis illustrated that the nomogram could significantly distinguish the population with different survival risks. We successfully established the two nomograms for predicting the incidence of BM and the prognosis of ICC patients with BM, which may assist clinicians in choosing more effective treatment strategies.

17.
Future Oncol ; 2022 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35947016

RESUMO

Aim: To explore the possibility of gastric juice (GJ)- and serum-derived SNCG as a potential biomarker for the early diagnosis of gastric cancer (GC). Materials & methods: GJ and serum samples were collected from 87 patients with GC, 38 patients with gastric precancerous lesions and 44 healthy volunteers. The levels of SNCG in GJ and serum samples were detected by ELISA. Results: The levels of SNCG in GJ and serum were significantly higher in the GC group when compared with the GPL group or the control group. The expression of SNCG in GJ and serum was associated with tumor node metastasis stage, lymph node metastasis, tumor size and drinking, and it is important for the diagnosis and prognosis of GC (p < 0.05). Conclusion: The findings highlight the significance of SNCG in GC diagnosis and prognosis and implicate SNCG as a promising candidate for GC treatment.


Gastric cancer (GC) has high morbidity and mortality rates due to its concealment in the early stage. At present, CEA, CA19-9, CA125, CA724, AFP, CA242 and CA50 are commonly used for the diagnosis of GC, but the effects are not satisfactory. Thus, a better biomarker for the diagnosis of GC is required. This study found that SNCG is highly expressed in the gastric juice and serum of GC patients and contributes to GC's progression. Detection of SNCG in gastric juice and serum is an ideal method for early diagnosis of GC with high specificity and sensitivity. Furthermore, SNCG has great value in the prognosis evaluation of GC, and high expression of SNCG predicts shorter survival for patients with GC, which provides a valuable reference for the clinical diagnosis and treatment of GC.

18.
Anim Reprod Sci ; 244: 107049, 2022 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35930939

RESUMO

Since pig was successfully cloned in 2000, somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) became a promising technique in preserving and expanding the genetics of superior boars. Assessing the safety, growth performance, and reproductive performance of cloned pigs and their progeny is critical for their wide application. In this study, three superior Duroc boars were used to construct 61,736 SCNT-cloned embryos. The semen quality and reproductive performance of the cloned Duroc pigs and the growth performances of their progeny were evaluated. Results showed that the cloned pigs derived from superior boars produced semen with normal quality and exhibited similar reproductive performance as the donor boars, whose progenies showed greater growth performance than those derived from non-cloned pigs under the same feed condition. The results shed light on the application of cloning technology in the conservation and expansion of the genetic resources of Duroc pigs.

19.
Microbiol Spectr ; : e0082922, 2022 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35938813

RESUMO

Acinetobacter baumannii is a well-known human opportunistic pathogen in nosocomial infections, and the emergence of multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii has become a complex problem for clinical anti-infective treatments. The ways this organism obtains multidrug resistance phenotype include horizontal gene transfer and other mechanisms, such as altered targets, decreased permeability, increased enzyme production, overexpression of efflux pumps, metabolic changes, and biofilm formation. A CRISPR-Cas system generally consists of a CRISPR array and one or more operons of cas genes, which can restrict horizontal gene transfer in bacteria. Nevertheless, it is unclear how CRISPR-Cas systems regulate antibiotic resistance in Acinetobacter baumannii. Thus, we sought to assess how CRISPR-Cas affects biofilm formation, membrane permeability, efflux pump, reactive oxygen species, and quorum sensing to clarify further the mechanism of CRISPR-Cas regulation of Acinetobacter baumannii antibiotic resistance. In the clinical isolate AB43, which has a complete I-Fb CRISPR-Cas system, we discovered that the Cas3 nuclease of this type I-F CRISPR-Cas system regulates Acinetobacter baumannii quorum sensing and has a unique function in changing drug resistance. As a result of quorum sensing, synthase abaI is reduced, allowing efflux pumps to decrease, biofilm formation to become weaker, reactive oxygen species to generate, and drug resistance to decrease in response to CRISPR-Cas activity. These observations suggest that the CRISPR-Cas system targeting endogenous abaI may boost bacterial antibiotic sensitivity. IMPORTANCE CRISPR-Cas systems are vital for genome editing, bacterial virulence, and antibiotic resistance. How CRISPR-Cas systems regulate antibiotic resistance in Acinetobacter baumannii is almost wholly unknown. In this study, we reveal that the quorum sensing regulator abaI mRNA was a primary target of the I-Fb CRISPR-Cas system and the cleavage activity of Cas3 was the most critical factor in regulating abaI mRNA degradation. These results advance our understanding of how CRISPR-Cas systems inhibit drug resistance. However, the mechanism of endogenous targeting of abaI by CRISPR-Cas needs to be further explored.

20.
FASEB J ; 36(9): e22472, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35959877

RESUMO

The mechanisms underlying acute kidney injury (AKI) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) progression include interstitial inflammation, cellular senescence, and oxidative stress (OS). Although vanin-1 (VNN1) plays an important role in OS, its contribution to the AKI-CKD transition remains unknown. Here, we explored the roles and mechanisms of VNN1 in the progression of the AKI-CKD transition. We observed that VNN1 expression was upregulated after ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury and high VNN1 expression levels were associated with poor renal repair after I/R injury. In VNN1 knockout (KO) mice, recovery of serum creatinine and blood urea nitrogen levels after I/R injury was accelerated and renal fibrosis was inhibited after severe I/R injury. Furthermore, in VNN1 KO mice, senescence of renal tubular cells was inhibited after severe I/R injury, as assessed by P16 expression and SA-ß-Gal assays. However, our results also revealed that VNN1 KO renal tubular cells did not resist senescence when OS was blocked. To elucidate the mechanism underlying VNN1-mediated regulation of senescence during the AKI-CKD transition, retinoblastoma 1 (RB1) was identified as a potential target. Our results suggest that the reduced senescence in VNN1 KO renal tubular cells was caused by suppressed RB1 expression and phosphorylation. Collectively, our results unveil a novel molecular mechanism by which VNN1 promotes AKI-CKD transition via inducing senescence of renal tubular cells by activating RB1 expression and phosphorylation after severe renal injury. The present study proposes a new strategy for designing therapies wherein VNN1 can be targeted to obstruct the AKI-CKD transition.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Traumatismo por Reperfusão , Injúria Renal Aguda/genética , Injúria Renal Aguda/metabolismo , Animais , Senescência Celular , Fibrose , Rim/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/metabolismo
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