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1.
J Hazard Mater ; 402: 123491, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32736178

RESUMO

In this study, a promising process has been developed for selective recovery of valuable metals from spent lithium ion batteries (LIBs). First, reduction roasting which used spent anode powder as reduction agent and water immersion are applied to preferentially recover lithium. Subsequently, an ammonia leaching method is adopted to eff ;ectively separate nickel and cobalt from water immersion residue. Results indicate that Li2CO3, (NiO)m·(MnO)n, Ni, Co are the ultimate reduction products at 650 °C for 1 h with 5% anode powder. 82.2 % Li is preferentially leached via water immersion after reduction roasting and Li2CO3 products are obtained by evaporation crystallization. Thermodynamics shows that reducing ammonia leaching is feasible for water immersion residue. Amounts of 97.7 % Ni and 99.1 % Co can be selectively leached by NH3·H2O and (NH4)2SO3 while Mn remain in the residue as (NH4)2Mn(SO3)2·H2O, (NH4)2Mn(SO4)2·6H2O and (NH4)2Mn2(SO3)3 under the optimized conditions. Ammonia leaching kinetic show the activation energy of Ni and Co is 84.44 kJ/mol and 91.73 kJ/mol, which indicate the controlling steps are the chemical reaction. Summarily, the whole process achieves the maximum degree of selective recovery and reduces the environmental pollution caused by the multistep purification.

2.
Food Chem ; 338: 128018, 2021 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32932086

RESUMO

The umami-enhancing effect of typical kokumi-active γ-glutamyl peptides was verified by sensory evaluation. To investigate the umami-enhancing molecular mechanism of the peptide on monosodium glutamate (MSG) taste, a novel hypothetical receptor, taste type 1 receptor 3 (T1R3)-MSG complex, was constructed. These peptides demonstrated strong interactions with T1R3-MSG. Moreover, four amino acid residues, Glu-301, Ala-302, Thr-305, and Ser-306, were critical in ligand-receptor interactions. In detail, γ-Glu-γ-Glu-Val (γ-E-γ-EV) readily interacts with T1R3 through hydrogen bonds and hydrophobic interactions. While γ-E-γ-EV did not bind to MSG, γ-Glu-Val (γ-EV) and γ-Glu-Leu (γ-EL) showed high binding affinity to MSG and interacted with T1R3 through hydrophobic bonds suggesting that the interactions between dipeptides and T1R3-MSG were weaker than tripeptides. These results demonstrated that kokumi-active γ-glutamyl peptides could enhance the umami taste of MSG, and exhibit synergistic effects in activating T1R3. This study provides a theoretical reference for interactions between the novel umami-enhancing substances and umami receptor.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33130941

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The hypoxic microenvironments of solid tumours are complex and reduce the susceptibility of cancer cells to chemo- and radiotherapy. Conventional radiosensitisers have poor specificity, unsatisfactory therapeutic effects, and significant side effects. Anaerobic bacteria colonise and destroy hypoxic areas of the tumour and consequently enhance the effects of radiation. METHODS: In this study, we treated a Lewis lung carcinoma transplant mouse model with Bifidobacterium infantis (Bi) combined with its specific monoclonal antibody (mAb) and radiotherapy (RT) to investigate its ability to radiosensitise the tumour. The tumour metabolism and hypoxia in the tumour tissue were monitored by micro-18F-FDG and 18F-FMISO PET/CT imaging. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect phosphorylated histone (γ-H2AX), proliferation (Ki-67), platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecules (CD31), tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α), and glucose transporter 1 (Glut-1) levels. RESULTS: Tumour growth was slowed and survival time was markedly prolonged in mice subjected to the combination of B. infantis, specific antibody, and radiotherapy. Levels of HIF-1α, Glut-1, Ki-67, and CD31 expression, as well as uptake of FDG and FMISO, were the lowest in the combination-treated mice. In contrast, γ-H2AX and TNF-α expression levels were elevated and hypoxia in tumour tissue was reduced compared with controls. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, our data indicated that the curative effect of radiotherapy for lung cancer was enhanced by pre-treating mice with a combination of B. infantis and its specific monoclonal antibody.

4.
Food Chem ; : 128458, 2020 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33131956

RESUMO

Nε-(carboxymethyl) lysine (CML) is universally used as a marker of the occurrence of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) in foods. This study investigated the level changes of CML, chlorogenic acids (CQAs), lysine (Lys), fat and pH in coffee during roasting. The CML level went up slowly in the first 10 mins, then declined sharply during the next 2 mins, and kept increasing constantly in the following baking time, while the lowest CML level was obtained by roasting at 235 °C for 12 mins. The three CQAs isomers had different efficacy in affecting the levels of CML and other factors, indicating the CQAs isomers may play an important role in influencing the CML level. So it might be possible to regulate the formation of CML and gain better coffee quality via adjusting the levels of CQAs in baking process. This study provided important enlightenment on CML control during coffee baking.

5.
Anxiety Stress Coping ; : 1-14, 2020 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33190521

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: An efficient stress response comprises both quick reactivity and rapid recovery. Studies have found an enhanced stress response in Chinese people with high interdependent self-construal (ISC). ISC is a personality trait that is well-matched with Chinese collectivistic culture, and whether they exhibit an efficient stress response has not been exclusively examined. DESIGN: We conducted a novel experiment to examine the stress response change rate in Chinese participants with varying levels of ISC,then performed a validation analysis against previous data to examine the reliability of current results. METHODS: In our experiment, 84 healthy (42 high-ISC and 42 low-ISC), young, native Chinese were randomly assigned to either the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST), or the control condition. In the published study, 46 native Chinese participants (23 high-ISC and 23 low-ISC) had undergone the TSST. Data were collected throughout the two experiments. RESULTS: Compared to low-ISC participants, cortisol and subjective stress levels in high-ISC participants peaked sooner and declined rapidly, suggesting quick stress reactivity and rapid recovery. This finding was supported by the previous study. CONCLUSIONS: High-ISC individuals display an efficient stress response pattern, manifested by fast reactivity and rapid recovery, which may be adaptive in Chinese collectivistic culture.

6.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 12(21): 21129-21146, 2020 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33168781

RESUMO

Ovarian cancer refers to all sorts of cancerous growth that starts from the ovary. Dysregulation of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) is associated with ovarian cancer development and progression. Cellular expression and localization of LINC00452 in ovarian cancer cells were detected by qPCR and FISH. The roles of LINC00452 in ovarian carcinogenesis were characterized by MTT, transwell and colony-formation assays in vitro as well as xenograft mouse model. The underlying mechanism was explored by microarray, RIP, Co-IP and luciferase reporter assays. This study identified a novel lncRNA LINC00452 being elevated in both ovarian cancer cells and tumor tissues in patients. Such aberrant expression of LINC00452 was negatively correlated with relapse-free survival of ovarian cancer patients. Overexpression of LINC00452 potentiated CaOV3 cell viability, migration and invasion in vitro as well as xenograft tumor growth in vivo. Evidence from the current study suggests that the carcinogenicity of LINC00452 is partially due to competitive sponging of miR-501-3p followed with release of repression on the ROCK1, a key effector in Rho signaling pathway. Irrespective of its miRNA sponge function, LINC00452 is capable of preventing ROCK1 protein from ubiquitin/proteasome-mediated degradation via their mutual physical interaction. Our study makes LINC00452 a potential therapeutic target for ovarian cancer.

7.
Environ Res ; : 110496, 2020 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33220245

RESUMO

Synergistic adsorption and oxidative degradation (via persulfate activation) on metal-free carbonaceous materials are expected to be environmentally friendly and highly efficient approach toward contaminants removal. Herein, nitrogen and sulfur codoped mesoporous carbon (NSDMC) were firstly synthesized via co-carbonization of calcium citrate and thiourea without any templates. NSDMC samples exhibit remarkably enhanced adsorption capacity and oxidative degradation (by activating PDS) for chlorophenols elimination. Increased SBET and introduced N-containing functional groups are beneficial for chlorophenols adsorption, PDS accessibility and successive activation. Doped sulfur species (especially for thiophenic S) can enhance the electron-transport performance of NSDMC, further promoting PDS activation and chlorophenols degradation. It can be ascribed to the synergistic effect of N and S codoping. NSDMC-30 (containing 5.83 at.% nitrogen and 2.15 at.% sulfur, and possessing SBET of 1935.9 m2·g-1) exhibits the optimal adsorption and catalytic oxidation capability for 4-CP removal. Degradation rate constant of NSDMC-30 is 0.125 min-1, which is 3.0 times and 7.8 times higher than nitrogen-doped MC and pristine MC, respectively. Radicals quenching experiments and EPR tests demonstrate that non-radical pathways play dominant role for PDS activation and chlorophenols degradation. Based on the influences of catalyst loading, initial 4-CP concentration, and PDS dosage on degradation kinetics of 4-CP, the pre-adsorption is unveiled to be the critical step determining oxidation rate of chlorophenols. More importantly, the results of in-situ Raman and electrochemical tests show that the surface-confined and activated PDS complex (carbon-PDS*) and continuous electron transfer from co-adsorbed 4-CP are mainly responsible for the oxidative degradation of chlorophenols. The intermediate products and TOC removal indicate that chlorophenols can be efficiently degraded and mineralized by as-synthesized NSDMC via activating PDS. Besides, the present NSDMC/PDS system is also applicable for purification of actual polluted water samples. This work provides in-depth knowledge of carbon-driven nonradical process for PDS activation and contaminants remediation.

8.
Theranostics ; 10(26): 12144-12157, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33204334

RESUMO

Rationale: Capillaries are composed of endothelial cells and the surrounding mural cells, pericytes. Microvascular repair after injury involves not only the proliferation of endothelial cells but also pericyte-based vessel stabilization. Exogenous bone marrow derived-putative endothelial progenitor cells (b-pEPCs) have the potential for vascular repair; however, their effect on vascular structure stabilization and pericyte-related pathobiological outcomes in the injured kidney has not been fully examined. Methods: We applied ischemia-reperfusion (IR) to induce renal vascular injury and renal fibrosis in mice. Platelet-derived growth factor receptor ß (PDGFR-ß)-DTR-positive mice were generated to deplete pericytes, and exogenous b-pEPCs and the PDGFR-ß ligand, PDGF chain B (PDGF-BB), were employed to explore the relationship among b-pEPCs, pericytes, vascular repair, and early renal fibrosis. Results: Administration of b-pEPCs reduced IR-induced pericyte-endothelial detachment, pericyte proliferation, and myofibroblast transition via a paracrine mode, which preserved not only vascular stabilization but also ameliorated IR-initiated renal fibrosis. PDGF-BB upregulated the expression of PDGFR-ß, exacerbated vascular abnormality, and pericyte-myofibroblast transition, which were ameliorated by b-pEPCs administration. The exogenous b-pEPCs and their culture medium (CM) induced vascular injury protection, and renal fibrosis was blocked by selective deletion of pericytes. Conclusion: Exogenous b-pEPCs directly protect against IR-induced vascular injury and prevent renal fibrosis by inhibiting the activation of PDGFR-ß-positive pericytes.

9.
J Cell Physiol ; 2020 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33230843

RESUMO

Intestinal mucosal injury is one of the most significant complications of burns. In our previous study, it was found that autophagy could alleviate burn-induced intestinal injury, but the underlying mechanisms are still unclear. Irregular expression of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) is present in many diseases, including burns. However, the relationship between lncRNAs and intestinal mucosal injury requires further elucidation. In this study, we established a burn mice model and detected the expression level of autophagy-related proteins. Then, H19 content after autophagy intervention was tested in vitro and in vivo. The interaction of H19 with Let-7g and that of Let-7g with epidermal growth factor (EGF) were verified by dual-luciferase reporter assays. We found that the expression of the autophagy-associated proteins LC3-II and Beclin-1 was raised in the intestinal tract of the burn mice model. Similarly, the transfection of H19 raised autophagy levels. H19 was elevated after autophagy intervention in vitro and in vivo. H19 overexpression was able to promote IEC-6 cell migration and proliferation. Let-7g was suppressed by the overexpression of H19 and the combination of Let-7g mimic was able to abolish the physiological effect of H19. Moreover, the suppression of Let-7g increased the expression of EGF protein, which heightened IEC-6 cell migration and proliferation. Besides this, dual-luciferase assays revealed that Let-7g was a direct target of H19 as well as the EGF gene. Taken together, autophagy-mediated H19 increases in mouse intestinal tract after severe burn and functions as a sponge to Let-7g to regulate EGF, which suggests that H19 serves as a potential therapeutic target and biomarker for intestinal mucosal injury after burns.

10.
Food Chem ; : 128381, 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33097327

RESUMO

The key aroma compounds of six commercially available dry-cured Spanish mackerel (Scomberomorus niphonius, DCSM) were identified using electronic nose (E-nose), gas chromatography-olfactometry (GC-O), and two-dimensional gas chromatography-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GC × GC-TOFMS). A total of 38-55 aroma compounds were identified, and 21-26 of them, which presented high flavor dilution factors based on aroma extract dilution analysis, were quantified. Lastly, 9-14 key aroma compounds with high odor-active value, including 3-methyl-1-butanal, octanal, 1-octen-3-ol, nonanal, cis-4-decenal, ethyl caproate, (E)-2-octenal, (Z)-2-nonenal decanal, 3-methyl-1-butanol, 1-heptanol, 3-octanone, 2-octanol, and 6-methyl-5-hepten-2-one, were identified as the key aroma contributors in DCSM. Results also indicated that a longer dry-curing time would promote the generation of aroma compounds. The metabolism analysis implied that the auto-oxidation/oxidation of unsaturated fatty acids, such as oleic and linoleic acid, and the enzymatic degradation of l-leucine might be potential metabolic mechanisms.

11.
J Infect Dis ; 2020 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33119755

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The extent of human infections with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus, including mild and asymptomatic infections, is uncertain. METHODS: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of serosurveys for avian influenza A(H7N9) virus infections in humans published during 2013-2020. Three seropositive definitions were assessed to estimate pooled seroprevalence, seroconversion rate and seroincidence by types of exposures. We applied a scoring system to assess the quality of included studies. RESULTS: Of 31 included studies, pooled seroprevalence of A(H7N9)-virus antibodies from all participants was 0.02%, with poultry workers, close contacts, and general populations having seroprevalence of 0.1%, 0.2% and 0.02% based on the WHO-recommended definition, respectively. Although most infections were asymptomatic, evidence of infection was highest in poultry workers (5% seroconversion, 19.1% seroincidence per 100 person-years). Use of different virus clades did not significantly affect seroprevalence estimates. Most serological studies were of low to moderate quality and did not follow standardized seroepidemiological protocols or WHO-recommended laboratory methods. CONCLUSIONS: Human infections with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus have been uncommon, especially for general populations. Workers with occupational exposures to poultry and close contacts of A(H7N9) human cases had low risks of infection.

12.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 157: 70-78, 2020 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33091798

RESUMO

Aegilops tauschii Coss, a notorious wheat field weed, poses a serious threat to wheat in China. Tillers are an important agronomic tool for yield. In this study, a total of 12 Ae. tauschii populations were collected from China to investigate the effect of plant density on tiller occurrence and its phytohormonal regulation. We assayed the growth parameters of Ae. tauschii and the levels of endogenous hormones at different plant densities. The results showed that plant density had a significant effect on the quantity and quality of Ae. tauschii seeds produced per plant. In particular, the tiller and spike numbers per plant were negatively affected by plant density (P < 0.0001). The contents of 13 endogenous hormones in the tiller nodes changed in response to plant density. Among them, indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) and gibberellin (GA) positively responded to plant density. However, the reverse result was found for cytokinin (CTK). Interestingly, phylogenetic tree analysis of auxin (AeYUCCA), CK (AeIPT) and GA (AeCPS) biosynthesis related genes found that phylogenies in the Gramineae for the three different genes were various, hinting at horizontal gene transfer. Moreover, the dynamics of the expression of AeYUCCA, AeIPT and AeCPS were roughly consistent with their phytohormone contents during tillering stage. When externally sprayed on plants of Ae. tauschii, 2,4-D isooctyl ester and GA3 markedly reduced its tillering while 6-BA had no significant effect.

13.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 5411, 2020 10 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33110070

RESUMO

The novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was first reported in Wuhan, China, where the initial wave of intense community transmissions was cut short by interventions. Using multiple data sources, here we estimate the disease burden and clinical severity by age of COVID-19 in Wuhan from December 1, 2019 to March 31, 2020. Our estimates account for the sensitivity of the laboratory assays, prospective community screenings, and healthcare seeking behaviors. Rates of symptomatic cases, medical consultations, hospitalizations and deaths were estimated at 796 (95% CI: 703-977), 489 (472-509), 370 (358-384), and 36.2 (35.0-37.3) per 100,000 persons, respectively. The COVID-19 outbreak in Wuhan had a higher burden than the 2009 influenza pandemic or seasonal influenza in terms of hospitalization and mortality rates, and clinical severity was similar to that of the 1918 influenza pandemic. Our comparison puts the COVID-19 pandemic into context and could be helpful to guide intervention strategies and preparedness for the potential resurgence of COVID-19.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Fatores Etários , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , China/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Incidência , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Encaminhamento e Consulta/estatística & dados numéricos , Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
14.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 28(5): 1689-1693, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33067975

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficiency of red blood cell indices and fomulas for the differential diagnosis of the thalassemia trait (TT) and iron deficiency anemia (IDA) for children in Shenzhen area of Guangdong Province in China. METHODS: A total of 849 child patients from Shenzhen were enrolled, including 536 cases of TT and 313 cases of IDA. The sensitivity (SEN), specificity (SPE), positive predictive values (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), and Youden's indices (YI) were analyzed using five red blood cell indices ï¼»including red blood cell count, average red blood cell volune(MCV), average amount of red blood cell hemoglobin(CMH), red blood hemoglobin cancentration(MCHC), red blood cell distribution width(RDW)ï¼½ and 10 red blood cell paramter formulas including Mentzer, Green and King, Srivastava, Ricerca, RDWI, Sirdah, Huber-Herklotz, Ehsani, Shine and Lal, and England and Fraser. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn. RESULTS: Green and King was the most reliable index, as it had the highest YI (63.7%) and area under ROC curve (AUC) (0.875), the SEN and SPE was 82.5% and 81.2%. The YI, SEN, SPE, and AUC for RDWI were 62.8%, 79.1%, 83.7%, and 0.870, respectively. CONCLUSION: The formulas of Green and King and RDWI can be used for the differential diagnosis of TT and IDA, suitable for chidren in Shenzhen, China.


Assuntos
Anemia Ferropriva , Anemia Ferropriva/diagnóstico , Criança , China , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Índices de Eritrócitos , Eritrócitos , Humanos
15.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 117(44): 27111-27115, 2020 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33087578

RESUMO

Recently developed linker-mediated vitrimers based on metathesis of dioxaborolanes with various commercially available polymers have shown both good processability and outstanding performance, such as mechanical, thermal, and chemical resistance, suggesting new ways of processing cross-linked polymers in industry, of which the design principle remains unknown [M. Röttger et al., Science 356, 62-65 (2017)]. Here we formulate a theoretical framework to elucidate the phase behavior of the linker-mediated vitrimers, in which entropy plays a governing role. We find that, with increasing the linker concentration, vitrimers undergo a reentrant gel-sol transition, which explains a recent experiment [S. Wu, H. Yang, S. Huang, Q. Chen, Macromolecules 53, 1180-1190 (2020)]. More intriguingly, at the low temperature limit, the linker concentration still determines the cross-linking degree of the vitrimers, which originates from the competition between the conformational entropy of polymers and the translational entropy of linkers. Our theoretical predictions agree quantitatively with computer simulations, and offer guidelines in understanding and controlling the properties of this newly developed vitrimer system.

16.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 3343-3346, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33018720

RESUMO

Interactions between brain and heart play an important role for sleep quality and control. However, the influence mechanism was still unclear. This study aimed to further investigate this mechanism according to build an information transfer network of brain-heart coupling. This study included 24 healthy individuals and both of them underwent overnight polysomnography. The relative spectral powers of five frequency bands and the high frequency power of heart rate variability were extracted from six electroencephalogram (EEG) channels and electrocardiography (ECG) respectively. For each EEG channel, brain-heart interaction networks were built and a directionality analysis was conducted by using multivariate transfer entropy. Results revealed the bidirectionality of information transfer between brain and heart during sleep, and the information was dominantly transfer from heart to brain. The information transfer strength between brain and heart were significantly stronger than which between frequency bands in each EEG channels. Besides, the frequency bands and EEG channels had evident influence on these interactions. This study exposed more detailed characteristics of brain-heart interaction, which will facilitate the future study about the sleep control and the diagnose of sleep related disease.


Assuntos
Encéfalo , Sono , Eletroencefalografia , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Polissonografia
17.
Lancet Infect Dis ; 2020 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33031750

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Since 1997, epidemics of hand, foot, and mouth disease associated with enterovirus A71 (EV-A71) have affected children younger than 5 years in the Asia-Pacific region, including mainland China. EV-A71 vaccines have been licensed for use in children aged 6-71 months in China, but not for infants younger than 6 months. We aimed to assess the dynamics of maternal EV-A71 antibodies to inform choice of potential vaccination strategies to protect infants younger than 6 months, because they have a substantial burden of disease. METHODS: We did a longitudinal cohort study with mother-neonate pairs in local hospitals in southern China during 2013-18. We collected cord blood from neonates and venous blood from mothers at delivery. We followed up and collected blood samples from the children at ages 2, 4, 6, 12, 24, and 36 months and tested for the presence of neutralising antibodies against EV-A71 with virus neutralisation assays. Seropositivity, or protective titre, was defined as a neutralisation antibody titre of 16 or higher. We estimated the seroprevalence, geometric mean titre (GMT), and transfer ratio of maternal antibodies. We used a binomial distribution to derive the 95% CIs of seroprevalence. Seropositivity between mothers and neonates was compared by use of an agreement (κ), while GMTs were compared by use of paired Student's t tests. FINDINGS: Between Sept 20, 2013, and Oct 14, 2015, 1054 mothers with 1066 neonates were enrolled. The EV-A71 GMT was similar among pairs of neonates (22·7, 95% CI 20·8-24·9) and mothers (22·1, 95% CI 20·2-24·1; p=0·20). The mean transfer ratio of maternal antibodies was 1·03 (95% CI 0·98-1·08). Although 705 (66%) of 1066 neonates acquired protective concentrations of EV-A71 antibodies from mothers, these declined rapidly, with a half-life of 42 days (95% CI 40-44). The time to loss of protective immunity was extended to 5 months in neonates with mothers who had titres of 128 or higher. By age 30 months, 28% of children had become seropositive because of natural infection. INTERPRETATION: EV-A71 maternal antibodies were efficiently transferred to neonates, but declined quickly to below the protective threshold, particularly among those whose mothers had low antibody titres. Our findings suggest that maternal vaccination could be explored to provide neonatal protection against EV-A71 through maternal antibodies. Catch-up vaccination between ages 6 months to 5 years could provide protection to the approximately 30-90% of children that have not had natural EV-A71 infection by that age. FUNDING: National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars, National Natural Science Foundation of China.

18.
Cell Biol Int ; 44(12): 2570-2587, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32910511

RESUMO

Circular RNA (circRNA) is a novel noncoding RNA that is mostly found in humans and animals. Although the flux of circRNA research has increased in recent years, its precise function is still unclear. Some studies demonstrate that circRNAs can function as microRNA (miRNA) sponges involved in the regulation of competitive endogenous RNAs networks and play a crucial role in many biological processes. Other studies show that circRNAs play multiple biological roles in gastrointestinal diseases. However, the expression characteristics and function of circRNA in intestinal mucosal injury and repair after severe burn have not been reported. This study aims to screen differentially expressed circRNAs in intestinal mucosal injury and repair after severe burns and understand their underlying mechanisms. To test our hypothesis that circRNA may play a role in promoting repair in intestinal mucosa injury after severe burns, we collected the intestinal tissues of three severely burned mice and three pseudo-scalded mice and evaluated the expression of circRNAs via microarray analysis. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was also used to validate the circRNA microarray data by selecting six based on different multiples, original values, and p values. The host genes of all differentially expressed circRNAs and the downstream target genes of six selected DEcircRNAs were identified by Gene Ontology and the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway analysis. Meanwhile, we also created a circRNA-miRNA-mRNA network to predict the role and function of circRNAs in intestinal mucosal injury and repair after severe burns.

19.
Hypertension ; 76(4): 1219-1230, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32862709

RESUMO

Pathological cardiac hypertrophy is one of the major predictors and inducers of heart failure, the end stage of various cardiovascular diseases. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying pathogenesis of pathological cardiac hypertrophy remain largely unknown. Here, we provided the first evidence that STEAP3 (Six-Transmembrane Epithelial Antigen of Prostate 3) is a key negative regulator of this disease. We found that the expression of STEAP3 was reduced in pressure overload-induced hypertrophic hearts and phenylephrine-induced hypertrophic cardiomyocytes. In a transverse aortic constriction-triggered mouse cardiac hypertrophy model, STEAP3 deficiency remarkably deteriorated cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis, whereas the opposite phenotype was observed in the cardiomyocyte-specific STEAP3 overexpressing mice. Accordingly, STEAP3 significantly mitigated phenylephrine-induced cell enlargement in primary neonatal rat cardiomyocytes. Mechanistically, via RNA-seq and immunoprecipitation-mass screening, we demonstrated that STEAP3 directly bond to Rho family small GTPase 1 and suppressed the activation of downstream mitogen-activated protein kinase-extracellular signal-regulated kinase signaling cascade. Remarkably, the antihypertrophic effect of STEAP3 was largely blocked by overexpression of constitutively active mutant Rac1 (G12V). Our study indicates that STEAP3 serves as a novel negative regulator of pathological cardiac hypertrophy by blocking the activation of the Rac1-dependent signaling cascade and may contribute to exploring effective therapeutic strategies of pathological cardiac hypertrophy treatment.

20.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(15): 3689-3693, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32893559

RESUMO

Eleven compounds were isolated and purified from Sorghum vulgare root extract, through column chromatography over silica gel, MCI gel, and preparative HPLC. Their structures were established by MS, 1 D NMR and 2 D NMR data as sorgholide A(1), ß-sitosterol(2), stigmastero(3), daucosterol(4), 4-methoxycinnamic acid(5), taxiphyllin(6), chlorogenic acid(7), p-hydroxybenzaldehyde(8), succini acid(9), trans-p-hydroxycinnamic acid(10), obtusalin(11). Compounds 4,5 and 9-11 were reported from this species for the first time, and compound 1 is the first 24 ring dimeric double lactonol glycoside formed by reverse polymerization of p-hydroxyphenylacetate glucoside, named sorgholide A.


Assuntos
Glicosídeos Cardíacos , Sorghum , Glucosídeos , Glicosídeos , Fenóis
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