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1.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 151(2): 331-342, 2023 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36696316

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Currently, there is a lack in therapy that promotes the reepithelialization of diabetic wounds as an alternative to skin grafting. Here, the authors hypothesized that extracellular vesicles from adipose-derived stem cells (ADSC-EVs) could accelerate wound closure through rescuing the function of keratinocytes in diabetic mice. METHODS: The effect of ADSC-EVs on the biological function of human keratinocyte cells was assayed in vitro. In vivo, 81 male severe combined immune deficiency mice aged 8 weeks were divided randomly into the extracellular vesicle-treated diabetes group (n = 27), the phosphate-buffered saline-treated diabetes group (n = 27), and the phosphate-buffered saline-treated normal group (n = 27). A round, 8-mm-diameter, full-skin defect was performed on the back skin of each mouse. The wound closure kinetics, average healing time, reepithelialization rate, and neovascularization were evaluated by histological staining. RESULTS: In vitro, ADSC-EVs improved proliferation, migration, and proangiogenic potential, and inhibited the apoptosis of human keratinocyte cells by suppressing Fasl expression with the optimal dose of 40 µg/mL. In vivo, postoperative dripping of ADSC-EVs at the dose of 40 µg/mL accelerated diabetic wound healing, with a 15.8% increase in closure rate and a 3.3-day decrease in average healing time. ADSC-EVs improved reepithelialization (18.2%) with enhanced epithelial proliferation and filaggrin expression, and suppressed epithelial apoptosis and Fasl expression. A 2.7-fold increase in the number of CD31-positive cells was also observed. CONCLUSION: ADSC-EVs improve diabetic wound closure and angiogenesis by enhancing keratinocyte-mediated reepithelialization and vascularization. CLINICAL RELEVANCE STATEMENT: ADSC-EVs could be developed as a regenerative medicine for diabetic wound care.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Vesículas Extracelulares , Camundongos , Masculino , Humanos , Animais , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/terapia , Adipócitos , Células-Tronco/patologia , Fosfatos
2.
Antioxidants (Basel) ; 12(1)2023 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36671053

RESUMO

Oxidative stress is a phenomenon caused by an imbalance between the production and accumulation of reactive oxygen species in cells and tissues that eventually leads to the production of various diseases. Here, we investigated the antioxidant effects of the extract from Sonchus brachyotus DC. (SBE) based on the 0.2% oxazolone-induced intestinal oxidative stress model of zebrafish. Compared to the model group, the treatment group alleviated oxazolone-induced intestinal tissue damage and reduced the contents of malondialdehyde, reactive oxygen species, IL-1ß, and TNF-α and then increased the contents of superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase, and IL-10. The 16s rDNA gene sequencing findings demonstrated that SBE could increase the relative abundance of Fusobacteriota, Actinobacteriota, and Firmicutes and decrease the relative abundance of Proteobacteria. Based on the correlation analysis between the oxidative stress biomarkers and intestinal flora, we found that the trends of oxidative stress biomarkers were significantly correlated with intestinal microorganisms, especially at the genus level. The correlations of MDA, IL-1ß, and TNF-α were significantly negative with Shewanella, while SOD, GSH-Px, and IL-10 were significantly positive with Cetobacterium, Gemmobacter, and Flavobacterium. Consequently, we concluded that the antioxidant effect of SBE was realized through the interaction between oxidative stress biomarkers and gut microbiota.

3.
J Natl Cancer Inst ; 2023 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36622036

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cancer rates in rural areas across the United States have different patterns than in urban areas. This study examines associations between rurality and incidence for the top five cancers in California and evaluates whether these associations vary jointly by sex, race, and ethnicity. METHODS: We use 2015-2019 California Cancer Registry data to compare incidence rate ratios (IRRs) and trends for breast, prostate, lung, colorectal, and skin (melanoma) cancers. We leverage census tract aggregation zones and seven levels of % rural population (0%, >0-<10%, 10-<20%, 20-<30%, 30-<40%, 40-<50%, and 50+%). RESULTS: Zones with higher proportions of rural population were significantly associated with lower incidence of female breast cancer and prostate cancer, though the trends were not significant overall. Zones with higher proportions of rural population were significantly associated with higher incidence of lung cancer and melanoma. There were no statistically significant trends for colorectal cancer overall. Comparing areas with ≥50% rural population with areas with 0% rural population, the IRR for lung cancer in Hispanic females was higher (IRR = 1.43, 95% CI (1.17, 1.74)) than in Hispanic males (IRR = 0.90, 95% CI (0.72, 1.11)). Also in areas with ≥50% rural population, the IRR for melanoma was higher in Hispanic females (IRR = 1.75, 95% CI (1.23, 2.45)) than non-Hispanic White females (IRR = 0.87 95% CI (0.80, 0.95)). CONCLUSION: Our findings show that rurality is associated with cancer incidence and underscore the importance of examining rural disparities jointly with sex, race and ethnicity by cancer site.

4.
Food Res Int ; 163: 112273, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36596184

RESUMO

Dry-cured mackerel is favored by consumers for its suitable salty flavor. Herein, the dynamic changes of volatile compounds and lipids in the mackerel, and the lipidomics based on UPLC-Orbitrap/MS technique during dry-cured processing were investigated. The results showed that endogenous lipases activities in dry-cured mackerel decreased. The dry-cured processing of mackerel had significant effects on its lipid classes and content. The contents of Arachidonic acid (C20:4n6), docosapentaenoic acid (C22:5n3), linoleic acid (LA, C18:2n6), alpha-linolenic acid (C18:3n3), eicosatrienoic acid (C20:3n3) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, C22:6n3) increased during dry-cured processing. A total of 38 kinds of volatile compounds were detected in the dry-cured mackerel, 12 of which were derived from fatty acid oxidation. Among 30 lipid metabolites (FC ≥ 2 and VIP > 2), phosphatidylethanolamine (PE, 19:0/22:6) accounted for the highest content, and its difference between three stages was the most obvious. Glycerophospholipid and sphingolipid metabolisms were the most important metabolic pathways involved in dry-cured processing.


Assuntos
Lipidômica , Perciformes , Animais , Ácido Linoleico , Ácido Araquidônico , Ácidos Docosa-Hexaenoicos
5.
Nanotechnology ; 2023 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36649649

RESUMO

Battery safety calls for solid state batteries and how to prepare solid electrolytes with excellent performance are of significant importance. In this study, hybrid solid electrolytes combined with organic PVDF-HFP and inorganic active fillers are studied. The modified active fillers of Li7-x-3yAlyLa3Zr2-xTaxO12 are obtained by co-element doping with Al and Ta when LLZO is synthesized by calcination. And an high room temperature ionic conductivity of 5.357×10-4 S/cm is exhibited by ATLLZO ceramic sheet. The composite solid electrolyte PVDF-HFP/LiTFSI/ATLLZO (PHL-ATLLZO) is prepared by solution casting method, and its electrochemical properties are investigated. The results show that when the contents of lithium salt LiTFSI and active filler ATLLZO are controlled at 40 wt% and 10%, respectively, the ionic conductivity of the resulting composite solid electrolyte is as high as 2.686×10-4 S/cm at room temperature, and a wide electrochemical window of 4.75 V is exhibited. The LiFePO4/PHL-ATLLZO/Li all-solid-state battery assembled based on the composite solid-state electrolyte exhibits excellent cycling stability at room temperature. The cell assembled by casting the composite solid-state electrolyte on the cathode surface shows a discharge specific capacity of 134.3 mAh/g and 96.2% capacity retention after 100 cycles at 0.2C. The prepared composite solid-state electrolyte demonstrates excellent electrochemical performance.

6.
J Agric Food Chem ; 71(1): 276-287, 2023 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36588523

RESUMO

Exploring new herbicide targets based on natural product derivatives is an important research aspect for the generation of innovative pesticides. Ferulic acid ethyl ester (FAEE), a natural product derivative from ferulic acid, has significant herbicidal activity mainly by inhibiting the normal growth of weed seedling roots. However, the FAEE target protein underlying its herbicidal activity has not been identified. In this study, we synthesized an FAEE probe to locate its site of action. We discovered that FAEE entry point was via the root tips. Fourteen major binding proteins were identified using Drug affinity responsive target stability (DARTS) combined with LC-MS/MS, which included 3-ketoacyl-acyl carrier protein synthase I (KAS I) and phenylalanine ammonia-lyase I (PAL I). The KAS I and PAL I proteins/genes expression was changed significantly after exposure to FAEE, as evidenced by combined transcriptomic and proteomic analysis. A molecular docking assay indicated that KAS I and FAEE had a strong binding ability. Combined with previous studies on FAEE mechanism of action, and based on our results, we conclude that FAEE targeting KAS I lead to the blockage of the fatty acid synthesis pathway and result in plant death.


Assuntos
3-Oxoacil-(Proteína de Transporte de Acila) Sintase , Herbicidas , Raízes de Plantas , 3-Oxoacil-(Proteína de Transporte de Acila) Sintase/química , 3-Oxoacil-(Proteína de Transporte de Acila) Sintase/metabolismo , Cromatografia Líquida , Ésteres , Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo , Herbicidas/farmacologia , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Proteômica , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Raízes de Plantas/efeitos dos fármacos
7.
Neural Regen Res ; 18(3): 587-593, 2023 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36018182

RESUMO

Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a prodrome of Alzheimer's disease pathology. Cognitive impairment patients often have a delayed diagnosis because there are no early symptoms or conventional diagnostic methods. Exosomes play a vital role in cell-to-cell communications and can act as promising biomarkers in diagnosing diseases. This study was designed to identify serum exosomal candidate proteins that may play roles in diagnosing MCI. Mass spectrometry coupled with tandem mass tag approach-based non-targeted proteomics was used to show the differentially expressed proteins in exosomes between MCI patients and healthy controls, and these differential proteins were validated using immunoblot and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. Correlation of cognitive performance with the serum exosomal protein level was determined. Nanoparticle tracking analysis suggested that there was a higher serum exosome concentration and smaller exosome diameter in individuals with MCI compared with healthy controls. We identified 69 exosomal proteins that were differentially expressed between MCI patients and healthy controls using mass spectrometry analysis. Thirty-nine exosomal proteins were upregulated in MCI patients compared with those in control patients. Exosomal fibulin-1, with an area under the curve value of 0.81, may be a biomarker for an MCI diagnosis. The exosomal protein signature from MCI patients reflected the cell adhesion molecule category. In particular, higher exosomal fibulin-1 levels correlated with lower cognitive performance. Thus, this study revealed that exosomal fibulin-1 is a promising biomarker for diagnosing MCI.

8.
Pestic Biochem Physiol ; 188: 105260, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36464365

RESUMO

Commelina communis L. is a troublesome weed in agronomic fields and increasingly threatens the yield security of corn in north-eastern China. Previously, we found that a C. communis population (JL-1) has evolved resistance to atrazine. Although the potential genetic and enzymic differences contributing to atrazine resistance in this population have been investigated, the specific molecular mechanisms underlying C. communis resistance are still poorly understood. Here, the expression level of the target gene PsbA and the non-target-site resistance (NTSR) mechanism for this population were studied. The results showed that the decline in chlorophyll content in JL-1 leaves was less than in the susceptible JS-10 population following atrazine treatment. JL-1 exhibited an enhanced expression of the PsbA gene compared with JS-10 of 7.28- and 14.28-fold higher at 0 and 24 h after treatment with atrazine, respectively. The cytochrome P450 monooxygenase (P450) inhibitor piperonyl butoxide (PBO) increased the phytotoxicity of atrazine in both populations of C. communis. Seven candidate genes associated with NTSR of Jl-1 were identified through RNA-seq and validated by quantitative real-time PCR, including 5 upregulated genes involved in herbicide metabolism. In addition, the activities of glutathione S-transferases and P450s in JL-1 were increased compared with JS-10. Collectively, PsbA gene overexpression and enhanced metabolism are likely to be responsible for JL-1 resistance to atrazine.


Assuntos
Atrazina , Commelina , Herbicidas , Atrazina/toxicidade , Herbicidas/farmacologia , China , Clorofila
9.
Front Oncol ; 12: 1057930, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36465353

RESUMO

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is one of the most fatal types of solid tumors, associated with a high prevalence of cachexia (~80%). PDAC-derived cachexia (PDAC-CC) is a systemic disease involving the complex interplay between the tumor and multiple organs. The endocrine organ-like tumor (EOLT) hypothesis may explain the systemic crosstalk underlying the deleterious homeostatic shifts that occur in PDAC-CC. Several studies have reported a markedly heterogeneous collection of cachectic mediators, signaling mechanisms, and metabolic pathways, including exocrine pancreatic insufficiency, hormonal disturbance, pro-inflammatory cytokine storm, digestive and tumor-derived factors, and PDAC progression. The complexities of PDAC-CC necessitate a careful review of recent literature summarizing cachectic mediators, corresponding metabolic functions, and the collateral impacts on wasting organs. The EOLT hypothesis suggests that metabolites, genetic instability, and epigenetic changes (microRNAs) are involved in cachexia development. Both tumors and host tissues can secrete multiple cachectic factors (beyond only inflammatory mediators). Some regulatory molecules, metabolites, and microRNAs are tissue-specific, resulting in insufficient energy production to support tumor/cachexia development. Due to these complexities, changes in a single factor can trigger bi-directional feedback circuits that exacerbate PDAC and result in the development of irreversible cachexia. We provide an integrated review based on 267 papers and 20 clinical trials from PubMed and ClinicalTrials.gov database proposed under the EOLT hypothesis that may provide a fundamental understanding of cachexia development and response to current treatments.

10.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 1020670, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36467059

RESUMO

Ganciclovir (GCV) is a prodrug nucleoside analogue and is clinically used as antiviral drug for the treatment of cytomegalovirus (CMV) and other infections. Based on the potential anti-inflammatory activity of GCV, this study aimed to investigate the therapeutic effects of ganciclovir on dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced ulcerative colitis (UC), which may involve cyclic GMP-AMP synthase (cGAS)-stimulator of interferon genes (STING) pathways. Our results demonstrated that incubation of GCV (50 µM) inhibited cGAS-STING pathway in macrophage RAW264.7 cells. Then, it was found that intestinal cGAS-STING pathways were upregulated in UC patients, Crohn's disease colitis (CD) patients, and DSS-induced colitis mice. Intraperitoneal injection of low-dose GCV (10 mg/kg/day) attenuated DSS-induced colitis and abdominal pain in mice. GCV treatment significantly inhibited the upregulation of cGAS-STING pathway in DSS-induced colitis mice. Moreover, DSS-induced colitis and gut dysbiosis was markedly attenuated in STING deficient mice compared with that of wild-type (WT) mice. Finally, there was lacking therapeutic effect of GCV on DSS-induced colitis in STING deficient mice. Together, our results indicated that low-dose GCV ameliorated DSS-induced UC in mice, possibly through inhibiting STING signaling in colonic macrophages, indicating that GCV may be useful for the treatment of UC.

11.
Front Neurol ; 13: 1005890, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36468043

RESUMO

Epilepsy is a common neurological disease. At present, there are about 70 million epilepsy patients in the world, half of them are women, and 30-40% of women with epilepsy are of childbearing potential. Patients with epilepsy who are of childbearing potential face more challenges, such as seizures caused by hormonal fluctuations and the risk of adverse effects on the mother and baby from taking anti-seizure medications (ASMs). Breast milk is one of the best gifts that a mother can give her baby, and breastfeeding can bring more benefits to the baby. Compared with healthy people, people with epilepsy have more concerns about breastfeeding because they are worried that ASMs in their milk will affect the growth and development of the baby, and they are always faced with the dilemma of whether to breastfeed after childbirth. Regarding, whether women with epilepsy can breastfeed while taking ASMs, and whether breastfeeding will adversely affect the baby is still an important topic of concern for patients and doctors. This article reviews the existing research on breastfeeding-related issues in women with epilepsy to guide clinical practice, and improve the breastfeeding compliance of women with epilepsy.

12.
Neurochem Res ; 2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36454394

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator-1α (PGC-1α), regulated by AMPK, is an important regulator of mitochondrial fusion. At present, whether the AMPK/PGC-1α signaling pathway regulates mitochondrial dynamics in epileptic rats is still unknown. METHODS: Adult male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into fourgroups: the control group (0.9% saline, n = 5), the EP groups (lithium-pilocarpine was used to induce epilepsy, and tissues were harvested at 6 and 24 h, every time point, n = 5), the EP + Compound C group (the specific inhibitor of PGC-1α, 15 mg/kg in 2% DMSO, n = 5), and the EP + DMSO group (0.9% saline + 2% DMSO, n = 5). To investigate whether PGC-1α participates in seizures by regulating the expression of mitofusin1/2(MFN1/2)in rats. RESULTS: In this study, the behavioral results indicate that the seizure susceptibility of the rats to epilepsy was increased when the expression of PGC-1α was inhibited. Subsequently, Western blot results suggested that the expression level of both MFN1 and MFN2 in the hippocampus was higher at 6 and 24 h after an epileptic seizure. Besides, the expression of PGC-1α and MFN2 was significantly decreased in the hippocampus when the epileptic rats were treated with Compound C. Furthermore, the immunofluorescence analysis of the localization of MFN1/2 and PGC-1α showed that MFN1/2 was mainly expressed in neurons but not astrocytes in the hippocampus and cerebral cortex of rats. Meanwhile, PGC-1α colocalized with the excitatory post-synaptic marker PSD95, suggesting that PGC-1α may regulate the seizure susceptibility of the rats by mediating excitatory post-synaptic signaling. CONCLUSION: The AMPK/PGC-1α signaling pathway may play an important role in the lithium-pilocarpine-induced epileptic rat model by mediating the expression of fusion proteins.

13.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 28(6): 682-685, Nov.-Dec. 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376742

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Introduction Athletes are prone to local muscle fatigue due to high-intensity training and to long-term accumulation of musculoskeletal injuries. Musculoskeletal complications represent a large proportion of occupational health problems and, for this reason, have received increased attention from the sports industry. In this sense, studies on muscle fatigue should be intensified. Objective Verify muscle fatigue and injury involving the strain characteristics of lower limb joints in the eccentric and centripetal contraction of the jump. Methods A total of 691 individuals aged 20 to 40 years were selected. Fatigue was caused by active muscle contraction. The characteristic curves of active muscle contraction in different isometric, isotonic, and isokinetic training were analyzed. The degree of fatigue caused by three different sports states was tested by experimentation. The corresponding active muscle contraction characteristics were also analyzed. The potential for homeostasis at different ages was compared. Results The delay in recovery to fatigue is directly proportional to the athlete's age. The return to post-exercise relief proportion from fatigue gradually decreases. Conclusion The experimental results showed that active muscle contraction could reduce exercise fatigue to some extent. This beneficial biochemical property of active muscle contraction is not found in people with advanced age. The findings have a guiding potential for the relief of sports fatigue. Evidence Level II; Therapeutic Studies - Investigating the result.


RESUMO Introdução Os esportistas estão propensos à fadiga muscular local devido ao treinamento de alta intensidade, e ao acúmulo de lesões musculoesqueléticas a longo prazo. As complicações musculoesqueléticas representam uma grande fatia dos problemas de saúde ocupacional e por isso têm recebido maior atenção da indústria esportiva. Nesse sentido, os estudos sobre a fadiga muscular devem ser aprofundados. Objetivo Verificar a fadiga e lesão muscular envolvendo as características de esforço das articulações dos membros inferiores na contração excêntrica e contração centrípeta do salto. Métodos Foram selecionados 691 indivíduos com idade entre 20 a 40 anos. A fadiga foi ocasionada por contração muscular ativa. Foram analisadas as curvas características da contração muscular ativa em diferentes estados nos treinos isométrico, isotônico e isocinético. O grau de fadiga causado por três estados esportivos diferentes foi testado através de experimentos. Também foram analisadas as características de contração muscular ativa correspondentes. O potencial de homeostase em diferentes idades foi comparado. Resultados O retardo na recuperação à fadiga é diretamente proporcional a idade do esportista. A proporção de retorno ao alívio pós-exercício sobre a fadiga diminui gradualmente. Conclusão Os resultados experimentais mostram que a contração muscular ativa pode reduzir até certo ponto a fadiga ao exercício. Os efeitos dessas propriedades bioquímicas benéficas da contração muscular ativa não são encontrados em pessoas com idade avançada. Os achados tem um potencial orientador para o alívio da fadiga esportiva. Nível de evidência II; Estudos Terapêuticos - Investigação de Resultados.


RESUMEN Introducción Los deportistas son propensos a la fatiga muscular local debido al entrenamiento de alta intensidad, y a la acumulación de lesiones musculoesqueléticas a largo plazo. Las complicaciones musculoesqueléticas representan una gran parte de los problemas de salud laboral y por ello han recibido una mayor atención por parte de la industria del deporte. En este sentido, hay que profundizar en los estudios sobre la fatiga muscular. Objetivo Verificar la fatiga muscular y las lesiones que implican las características de esfuerzo de las articulaciones de los miembros inferiores en la contracción excéntrica y centrípeta del salto. Métodos Se seleccionaron 691 individuos de entre 20 y 40 años. La fatiga fue causada por la contracción muscular activa. Fueron analizadas las curvas características de la contracción muscular activa en diferentes estados en el entrenamiento isométrico, isotónico e isocinético. El grado de fatiga provocado por tres estados deportivos diferentes se comprobó mediante experimentos. También se analizaron las correspondientes características de la contracción muscular activa. Se comparó el potencial de homeostasis a diferentes edades. Resultados El retraso en la recuperación a la fatiga es directamente proporcional a la edad del deportista. La proporción de retorno al alivio de la fatiga después del ejercicio disminuye gradualmente. Conclusión Los resultados experimentales muestran que la contracción muscular activa puede reducir la fatiga del ejercicio en cierta medida. Los efectos de estas propiedades bioquímicas beneficiosas de la contracción muscular activa no se encuentran en las personas mayores. Los hallazgos tienen un potencial orientador para el alivio de la fatiga deportiva. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - Investigación de resultados.

14.
Int J Infect Dis ; 128: 91-97, 2022 Dec 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36581188

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To quantify the seasonal and antigenic characteristics of influenza to help understand influenza activity and inform vaccine recommendations. METHODS: We employed a generalized linear model with harmonic terms to quantify the seasonal pattern of influenza in China from 2005-2017, including amplitude (circulatory intensity), semiannual periodicity (given two peaks a year), annual peak time, and epidemic duration. The antigenic differences were distinguished as antigenic similarity between 2009 and 2020. We categorized regions above 33° N, between 27° N and 33° N, and below 27° N as the north, central, and south regions, respectively. RESULTS: We estimated that the amplitude in the north region (median: 0.019, 95% CI: 0.018-0.021) was significantly higher than that in the central region (median: 0.011, 95% CI: 0.01-0.012, P <0.001) and south region (median: 0.008, 95% CI: 0.007-0.008, P <0.001) for influenza A virus subtype H3N2 (A/H3N2). The A/H3N2 in the central region had a semiannual periodicity (median: 0.548, 95% CI: 0.517-0.577), while no semiannual pattern was found in other regions or subtypes/lineages. The antigenic similarity was low (below 50% in the 2009-2010, 2014-2015, 2016-2018, and 2019-2020 seasons) for A/H3N2. CONCLUSION: Our study depicted the seasonal pattern differences and antigenic differences of influenza in China, which provides information for vaccination strategies.

15.
Small ; : e2204690, 2022 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36494156

RESUMO

Silicon is an excellent candidate for the next generation of ultra-high performance anode materials, with the rapid iteration of the lithium-ion battery industry. High-quality silicon sources are the cornerstone of the development of silicon anodes, and silicon cutting waste (SCW) is one of them while still faces the problems of poor performance and unclear structure-activity relationship. Herein, a simple, efficient, and inexpensive purification method is implemented to reduce impurities in SCW and expose the morphology of nanosheets therein. Furthermore, HF is used to modulate the abundant native O in SCW after thermodynamic and kinetic considerations, realizing the mechanical support for the internal Si in the form of an amorphous SiO2 shell. Afterward, SCNS@SiO2 -2.5 with a 1.0 nm thick SiO2 shell exhibits a reversible capacity of 1583.3 mAh g-1 after 200 cycles at 0.8 A g-1 . Ultimately, the molecular dynamics simulations profoundly reveal that the amorphous SiO2 shell is transformed into the extremely ductile Lix SiOy shell to ditch stress and relieve strain during the lithiation/delithiation process.

16.
Am J Cancer Res ; 12(11): 5183-5204, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36504898

RESUMO

Methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 (MECP2), an epigenetic regulatory factor, promotes the carcinogenesis and progression of a number of cancers. However, its role in the migration and invasion of gastric cancer (GC), as well as the underlying molecular mechanisms, remain unclear. In this study, we found that MECP2 promoted the migration, invasion and metastasis of GC cells. Investigation of the molecular mechanism revealed that MECP2 repressed F-box and WD40 domain protein 7 (FBXW7) transcription in GC by binding to the methylated CpG sites in the FBXW7 promoter region. MECP2 expression was markedly negatively correlated with the FBXW7 level in GC tissues. FBXW7 expression was significantly downregulated in GC tissues and cell lines, and low FBXW7 expression was correlated with unfavorable clinicopathologic features. FBXW7 inhibited cell migration and invasion by regulating the Notch1/c-Myc/mTOR signaling pathways, and knockdown of FBXW7 reversed the effects of silencing MECP2. Moreover, MECP2 upregulated the Notch1/c-Myc/mTOR signaling pathways by inhibiting FBXW7 expression at the transcriptional level. This study demonstrates that MECP2 promotes the migration and invasion of GC cells by modulating the Notch1/c-Myc/mTOR signaling pathways via suppression of FBXW7 transcription. These findings suggest that MECP2 may be a novel effective therapeutic target in GC.

17.
Front Plant Sci ; 13: 1050104, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36507415

RESUMO

Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) widely exist in the soil ecosystem. It has been confirmed that AMF can affect the root exudates of the host, but the chain reaction effect of changes in the root exudates has not been reported much. The change of soil microorganisms and soil enzyme vigor is a direct response to the change in the soil environment. Root exudates are an important carbon source for soil microorganisms. AMF colonization affects root exudates, which is bound to have a certain impact on soil microorganisms. This manuscript measured and analyzed the changes in root exudates and allelopathic effects of root exudates of maize after AMF colonization, as well as the enzymatic vigor and bacterial diversity of maize rhizosphere soil. The results showed that after AMF colonization, the contents of 35 compounds in maize root exudates were significantly different. The root exudates of maize can inhibit the seed germination and seedling growth of recipient plants, and AMF colonization can alleviate this situation. After AMF colonization, the comprehensive allelopathy indexes of maize root exudates on the growth of radish, cucumber, lettuce, pepper, and ryegrass seedlings decreased by 60.99%, 70.19%, 80.83%, 36.26% and 57.15% respectively. The root exudates of maize inhibited the growth of the mycelia of the pathogens of soil-borne diseases, and AMF colonization can strengthen this situation. After AMF colonization, the activities of dehydrogenase, sucrase, cellulase, polyphenol oxidase and neutral protein in maize rhizosphere soil increased significantly, while the bacterial diversity decreased but the bacterial abundance increased. This research can provide a theoretical basis for AMF to improve the stubble of maize and the intercropping mode between maize and other plants, and can also provide a reference for AMF to prevent soil-borne diseases in maize.

18.
J Microbiol Biotechnol ; 33(2): 1-10, 2022 Dec 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36575858

RESUMO

The skin is a dynamic ecosystem on which diverse microbes reside. The interkingdom interaction between microbial species in the skin microbiota is thought to influence the health and disease of the skin although the roles of the intra- and interkingdom interactions remain to be elucidated. In this context, the interactions between Malassezia and Staphylococcus, the most dominant microorganisms in the skin microbiota, have gained attention. This study investigated how the interaction between Malassezia and Staphylococcus affected the antifungal susceptibility of the fungus to the azole antifungal drug ketoconazole. The susceptibility was significantly decreased when Malassezia was co-cultured with Staphylococcus. We found that acidification of the environment by organic acids produced by Staphylococcus influenced the decrease of the ketoconazole susceptibility of M. restricta in the co-culturing condition. Furthermore, our data demonstrated that the significant increased ergosterol content and cell membrane and wall thickness of the M. restricta cells grown in the acidic environment may be the main cause of the altered azole susceptibility of the fungus. Overall, our study suggests that the interaction between Malassezia and Staphylococcus influences the antifungal susceptibility of the fungus and that pH has a critical role in the polymicrobial interaction in the skin environment.

19.
Int Marit Health ; 73(4): 203-212, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36583408

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Marine fishermen experience high levels of environmental and relationship stress and anxiety. The current study explored the role of stress in the relationship between neuroticism and anxiety symptoms among marine fishermen. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants (fishermen from Tanmen in Qionghai city, Hainan Province) completed three questionnaires: the NEO-Five-Factor Inventory-Neuroticism Subscale (NEO-FFI-N); the Mental Stressor Investigation Questionnaire (MSIQ); and the Mood and Anxiety Symptoms Questionnaire-30-item-Anxious Arousal Subscale (MASQ-D30-AA) within 1 week before embarking on a fishing trip and then again within 1 week after their return to port. The data were subjected to correlational analyses and structural equation modelling. RESULTS: Positive correlations were found between NEO-FF-N (neuroticism) score, MSIQ score (total stress), MSIQ work-relationship score, ship environmental stress score, and MASQ score (anxiety symptoms). Regression analyses showed environmental stress had a significant moderating effect on the relationship between neuroticism and anxiety symptoms, and further analysis showed a mediating effect of work-relationship stress on the relationship between neuroticism and anxiety symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: Marine fishermen with high environmental stress had greater anxiety symptoms than those with low environmental stress. Neuroticism in marine fishermen further affects anxiety symptoms by affecting the level of work-relationship stress.


Assuntos
Ansiedade , Estresse Ocupacional , Humanos , Neuroticismo , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Ansiedade/diagnóstico , Transtornos de Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Transtornos de Ansiedade/diagnóstico , Inquéritos e Questionários , Depressão
20.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(24)2022 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36555790

RESUMO

Kaji-ichigoside F1 (KF1), a natural oleanane-type triterpenoid saponin, is the main active constituent from Rosa roxburghii. In the southwest regions of China, particularly in Guizhou Province, this plant was used as a Miao ethnic medicine to prevent and treat dyspepsia, dysentery, hypoimmunity, and neurasthenia. In the present study, the neuroprotective effect of KF1 was evaluated against N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)-induced neurotoxicity in vivo and in vitro. An NMDA-induced PC12 cell neurotoxicity assay showed that KF1 effectively improved cellular viability, inhibited the release of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and reduced cell apoptosis. Furthermore, KF1-treated NMDA-induced excitotoxicity mice displayed a remarkable capacity for improving spatial learning memory in the Y-maze and Morris water maze tests. In addition, KF1 increased the levels of the neurotransmitters 5-hydroxytryptamine, dopamine, and monoamine oxidase and reduced the calcium ion concentration in the hippocampus of mice. Hematoxylin and eosin and Nissl staining indicated that KF1 effectively reduced the impairment of neurons. Furthermore, Western blot assays showed that KF1 decreased NMDAR1 expression. In contrast, the NMDAR2B (NR2B), glutamate receptor (AMPA), TrkB, protein kinase B (AKT), mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), PSD95, and synapsin 1 were upregulated in NMDA-induced PC12 cells and an animal model. These results suggest that KF1 has a remarkable protective effect against NMDA-induced neurotoxicity, which is directly related to the regulation of the NMDA receptor and the activation of the α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionic acid receptor (AMPAR) and BDNF/AKT/mTOR signaling pathways.


Assuntos
Fármacos Neuroprotetores , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt , Animais , Camundongos , Ratos , Fator Neurotrófico Derivado do Encéfalo/metabolismo , N-Metilaspartato/metabolismo , Neuroproteção , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Receptores de N-Metil-D-Aspartato/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo
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