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1.
Climacteric ; : 1-9, 2020 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32026732

RESUMO

Objective: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of ethyl acetate extract of Polygonum orientale L. (POE) on ameliorating postmenopausal osteoporosis in ovariectomized (OVX) rats.Methods: Six-month-old female rats were randomly divided into seven groups: sham-operated; OVX; OVX with estradiol valerate; OVX with alendronate; and OVX with POE in graded doses (3.75, 5.0, or 7.5 g/kg/day). Administration began at week 6 after ovariectomy for 12 weeks. A comprehensive assessment of bone quality was performed, including serum biochemical markers, serum inflammatory factors, bone oxidative stress markers, bone mechanics, and bone histomorphometry.Results: POE treatment significantly decelerated OVX-induced body weight gain without affecting the uterus index and produced a significant decrease in the levels of serum bone turnover markers (p < 0.05 or p < 0.01). Biomechanical testing demonstrated that POE (5.0 and 7.5 g/kg/day) treatments significantly prevented the reduction in maximum stress and Young's modulus in OVX rats (p < 0.05). Compared with the OVX group, POE (3.75, 5.0, or 7.5 g/kg/day) treatments significantly increased trabecular bone mineral density by 35.03, 38.42, and 42.02%, respectively.Conclusion: Our findings suggest that POE has potential effects in regulation of bone metabolism and prevention of bone loss in postmenopausal osteoporosis.

2.
Poult Sci ; 99(2): 1124-1134, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32036964

RESUMO

Curcumin has antioxidant functions, regulates the intestinal microbial composition, and alleviates mycotoxin toxicity. The present study aimed to explore whether curcumin could alleviate ochratoxin A (OTA)-induced liver injury via the intestinal microbiota. A total of 720 mixed-sex 1-day-old White Pekin ducklings were randomly assigned into 4 groups: CON (control group, without OTA), OTA (fed a diet with 2 mg/kg OTA), CUR (ducks fed a diet with 400 mg/kg curcumin), and OTA + CUR (2 mg/kg OTA plus 400 mg/kg curcumin). Each treatment consisted of 6 replicates and 30 ducklings per replicate. Treatment lasted for 21 D. Results were analyzed by a two-tailed Student t test between 2 groups. Our results demonstrated that OTA treatment had the highest serum low-density lipoprotein (LDL) level among 4 groups. Compared with OTA group, OTA + CUR decreased serum LDL level (P < 0.05). OTA decreased liver catalase (CAT) activity in ducks (P < 0.05), while addition of curcumin in OTA group increased liver CAT activity (P < 0.05). 16S ribosomal RNA sequencing suggested that curcumin increased the richness indices (ACE index) and diversity indices (Simpson index) compared with OTA group (P < 0.05) and recovered the OTA-induced alterations in composition of the intestinal microbiota. Curcumin supplementation relieved the decreased abundance of butyric acid producing bacteria, including blautia, butyricicoccus, and butyricimonas, induced by OTA (P < 0.05). OTA also significantly influenced the metabolism of the intestinal microbiota, such as tryptophan metabolism and glyceropholipid metabolism. Curcumin could alleviate the upregulation of oxidative stress pathways induced by OTA. OTA treatment also increased SREBP-1c expression (P < 0.05). The curcumin group had the lowest expression of FAS and PPARG mRNA (P < 0.05) and the highest expression of NRF2 and HMOX1 mRNA. These results indicated that curcumin could alleviate OTA-induced oxidative injury and lipid metabolism disruption by modulating the cecum microbiota.

3.
Neoplasma ; 2020 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32039631

RESUMO

This study aimed to create prognostic signatures to predict AML patients' survival using alternative splicing (AS) events. The AS data, RNA sequencing data, and the survival statistics of 136 AML patients were obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and TCGASpliceSeq databases. Total 34,984 AS events generated from 8,656 genes, 2,583 of which were survival-associated AS events, were identified using univariate Cox regression. The prognostic models constructed using independent survival-associated AS events revealed that low-risk splicing better predicted patients' survival. ROC analysis indicated that the predictive efficacy of the alternate terminator model was best in the area under the curve at 0.781. Enrichment analysis revealed several important genes (TP53, BCL2, AURKB, PPP2R1B, FOS, and BIRC5) and pathways, such as the protein processing pathway in the endoplasmic reticulum, RNA transport pathway, and HTLV-I infection pathway. The splicing network of splicing events and factors revealed interesting interactions, such as the positive correlation between HNRNPH3 and CALHM2-13010-AT, which may indicate the potential splicing regulatory mechanism. Taken together, survival-associated splicing events and the prognostic signatures for predicting survival can help provide an overview of splicing in AML patients and facilitate clinical practice. The splicing regulatory network may improve the understanding of spliceosomes in AML.

4.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(2): 843-850, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32016990

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the influence of micro ribonucleic acid (miR)-29 on neuronal apoptosis in rats with cerebral infarction by regulating the protein kinase B (Akt) signaling pathway. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 36 Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into three groups, including: Sham group (n=12), Model group (n=12), and Inhibitor group (n=12). Common carotid artery, external carotid artery, and internal carotid artery were only exposed in the Sham group. However, the ischemia-reperfusion model was established by the suture method in the other two groups. After modeling, artificial cerebrospinal fluid was injected into the lateral ventricle in the rats of the Sham and Model groups. Similarly, miR-29 inhibitor was injected into the lateral ventricle in the rats of the Inhibitor group. At 24 h postoperatively, the sampling was performed. Zea-Longa score was used to evaluate the neurological deficit of rats. Meanwhile, the expressions of B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) and Bcl-2 associated X protein (Bax) in cerebral tissues were detected via immunohistochemistry. The protein expression levels of Akt and phosphorylated Akt (p-Akt) were determined using Western blotting. Furthermore, the expression of miR-29 and cell apoptosis were detected via quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction (qPCR) and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT) dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL) assay, respectively. RESULTS: Compared with Sham group, Model, and Inhibitor groups had substantially raised the Zea-Longa scores (p<0.05). The Zea-Longa score in the Model group was markedly lower than that of the Inhibitor group (p<0.05). The positive expression level of Bax was remarkably upregulated (p<0.05). However, the positive expression level of Bcl-2 declined dramatically in both Model group and Inhibitor group when compared with the Sham group (p<0.05). Besides, the Model group exhibited significantly lower positive expression level of Bax and higher positive expression level of Bcl-2 than the Inhibitor group (p<0.05). The relative protein expression level of p-Akt markedly increased in the Model and Inhibitor groups when compared with the Sham group (p<0.05). However, it was considerably higher in the Model group than that of the Inhibitor group (p<0.05). In comparison with the Sham group, both Model group and Inhibitor group exerted substantially elevated expression level of miR-29 (p<0.05). The relative expression level of miR-29 in the Model group was significantly upregulated when compared with the Inhibitor group (p<0.05). The apoptosis rate of cells in both Model group and Inhibitor group was markedly higher than that of the Sham group (p<0.05). Furthermore, the Model group showed remarkably lower apoptosis rate than the Inhibitor group (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: MiR-29 inhibits neuronal apoptosis in cerebral infarction rats by upregulating the Akt signaling pathway, thereby serving as a protector.

5.
Cell Signal ; 69: 109556, 2020 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32027949

RESUMO

Septic lung injury is one of main causes of high mortality in severe patients. Inhibition of excessive inflammatory response is considered as an effective strategy for septic lung injury. Previous studies have shown that cannabinoid receptor 2 (CB2), a G protein-coupled receptor, play an important role in immunosuppression. Whether CB2 can be used as a therapeutic target for septic lung injury is unclear. The aim of this study is to explore the role of CB2 in sepsis and its potential mechanism. In this study, treatment with HU308, a specific agonist of CB2, could reduce lung pathological injury, decrease the level of inflammatory cytokines and strengthen the expression of autophagy-related gene after cecal ligation puncture (CLP)-induced sepsis in mice. Similar results were obtained in RAW264.7 macrophages after LPS treatment. Furthermore, the effect of HU308 could be blocked by autophagy blocker 3-MA in vivo and in vitro. These results suggest that CB2 serves as a protective target for septic lung injury by decreasing inflammatory factors, which is associated with the enhancement of autophagy.

6.
Osteoporos Int ; 2020 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32047950

RESUMO

The original version of this article, published on 25 November 2019, unfortunately contained a mistake.

7.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(1): 47-53, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914569

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the health literacy and relevant factors of cancer prevention consciousness in Chinese urban residents from 2015 to 2017. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 16 provinces covered by the Cancer Screening Program in Urban China from 2015 to 2017. A total of 32 257 local residents aged ≥18 years old who could understand the investigation procedure were included in the study by using the cluster sampling method and convenient sampling method. All local residents were categorized into four groups, which contained 15 524 community residents, 8 016 cancer risk assessment/screening population, 2 289 cancer patients and 6 428 occupational population, respectively. The self-designed questionnaire was used to collect the information of demographic characteristics and cancer prevention consciousness focusing on nine common risk factors, including smoking, alcohol, fiber food, food in hot temperature or pickled food, chewing betel nut, helicobacter pylori, moldy food, hepatitis B infection, estrogen, and exercise. The logistic regression model was adopted to identify the influencing factors. Results: The overall health literacy of the cancer prevention consciousness was 77.4% (24 980 participants), with 77.4% (12 018 participants), 79.9% (6 406 participants), 77.2% (1 766 participants) and 74.5% (4 709 participants) in each group (P<0.001). The correct response rates for nine risk factors ranged from 55.2% to 93.0%. The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that compared with community residents, people with primary school level education or below, and the number of people living together in the family <3, the cancer risk assessment/screening intervention population, cancer patients, those with junior high school level educationor above and the number of people living in the family ≥3 had better health literacy of the cancer prevention consciousness (all P values <0.05). Compared with females, 39 years old and below, government-affiliated institutions or civil servants, from the eastern region, males, older than 40 years, company or enterprise employees, and from the middle or western region had worse health literacy of the cancer prevention consciousness (all P values <0.05). Conclusion: The health literacy of the cancer prevention consciousness in Chinese urban residents should be improved. The cancer screening intervention, gender, age, education, occupation, the number of people co-living in the family, and residential region were associated with the health literacy of the cancer prevention consciousness.


Assuntos
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Alfabetização em Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias/prevenção & controle , População Urbana , Adolescente , Adulto , China , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores Socioeconômicos , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos
8.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(1): 54-61, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914570

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the consciousness of the cancer early detection among urban residents and identify the influencing factors from 2015 to 2017. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 16 provinces covered by the Cancer Screening Program in Urban China from 2015 to 2017. A total of 32 257 local residents aged ≥18 years old who could understand the investigation procedure were included in the study by using the cluster sampling method and convenient sampling method. All local residents were categorized into four groups, which contained 15 524 community residents, 8 016 cancer risk assessment/screening population, 2 289 cancer patients and 6 428 occupational population, respectively. Self-designed questionnaires were used to collect population, socioeconomic indicators, self-cancer risk assessment, regular participation in physical examination and other information. The multivariate logistic regression model was used to identify the factors of people who had not regularly participated in the regular physical examination in the past five years. Results: The self-assessment results of 32 357 residents showed that there were 27.54% (8 882) of total study population with self-reported cancer risk, 45.48% (14 671) without cancer risk and 26.98% (8 704) with unclear judgement on their own cancer risk. Among population with cancer risk, 79.84% (7 091) considered physical examination accounted. In the past five years, there were 21 105 (65.43%) residents participated in regular physical examination and 11 148 (34.56%) participated in non-scheduled one, respectively. The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that compared with unmarried and western region residents, divorced, middle and eastern region residents had a stronger consciousness to participate in the regular physical examination (P<0.05). Compare with residents with annual household income less than 20 000 CNY in 2014, cancer risk assessment/screening intervention population, and self-assessment with cancer risk, residents with annual household income between 20 000 CNY and 59 000 CNY in 2014, occupational population, community residents, cancer patients, self-reported cancer-free risk, and self-assessment with unclear judgement of cancer risk were less likely to participate in the regular physical examination (all P values <0.05). Conclusion: From 2015 to 2017, the Chinese urban residents had a acceptable consciousness of the cancer early detection. The marital status, annual household income, population group and self-assessment of cancer risk were related to the consciousness of the cancer early detection of people who had not participated in the regular physical examination in the past five years.


Assuntos
Detecção Precoce de Câncer/psicologia , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , População Urbana , Adolescente , Adulto , China , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Fatores Socioeconômicos , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos
9.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(1): 62-68, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914571

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the consciousness of the cancer early diagnosis among urban residents and identify the related factors from 2015 to 2017. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 16 provinces covered by the Cancer Screening Program in Urban China from 2015 to 2017. A total of 32 257 local residents aged ≥18 years old who could understand the investigation procedure were included in the study by using the cluster sampling method and convenient sampling method. All local residents were categorized into four groups, which contained 15 524 community residents, 8 016 cancer risk assessment/screening population, 2 289 cancer patients and 6 428 occupational population, respectively. The general demographic characteristics, the consciousness of the cancer early diagnosis (whether people would have a willingness or encourage their relatives/friends to confirm the abnormal results once which were detected from the physical examination) and other information were collected by using the self-designed questionnaire. The non-conditional logistic regression model was used to identify the relateol factors related to the consciousness of the cancer early diagnosis. Results: As for residents with abnormal result from the physical examination, 89.29% (28 802) of residents would choose to seek medical treatment for further diagnosis. If their relatives/friends had abnormal results from the physical examination, 89.55% (28 886) of residents would encourage their relatives/friends to confirm the diagnosis in time. The non-conditional logistic regression model analysis showed that compared with the public institution staff/civil servants, annual household income less than 20 000 CNY, the western region and the cancer risk assessment/screening intervention population, the company staff, annual household income about 40 000 CNY and more, and the residents from the middle and eastern region had a stronger consciousness to seek further diagnosis; while the unemployed residents and community residents were less likely to seek further diagnosis (P<0.05). Conclusions: From 2015 to 2017, the Chinese urban residents had a good consciousness of the cancer early diagnosis. Occupation, annual household income, residential region and population group were related to the consciousness of the cancer early diagnosis.


Assuntos
Detecção Precoce de Câncer/psicologia , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , População Urbana , Adolescente , Adulto , China , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Fatores Socioeconômicos , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos
10.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(1): 69-75, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914572

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the consciousness of the cancer early treatment and its demographic and socioeconomic factors. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 16 provinces covered by the Cancer Screening Program in Urban China (CanSPUC) from 2015 to 2017. A total of 32 257 local residents aged ≥18 years old who could understand the investigation procedure were included in the study by using the cluster sampling method and convenient sampling method. All local residents were categorized into four groups, which contained 15 524 community residents, 8 016 cancer risk assessment/screening population, 2 289 cancer patients and 6 428 occupational population, respectively. The questionnaire collected personal information, the consciousness of the cancer early treatment and relevant factors. The Chi square test was used to compare the difference between the consciousness of the cancer early treatment and relevant factors among the four groups. The logistic regression model was used to analyze the influencing factors related to the consciousness of the cancer early treatment. Results: With the assumption of being diagnosed as precancer or cancer, 89.97% of community residents, 91.84% of cancer risk assessment/screening population, 93.00% of cancer patients and 91.52% of occupational population would accept active treatments (P<0.001). If the immediate family members were diagnosed as precancer or cancer, people who would encourage their family members to receive early treatment in the four groups accounted for 91.96%, 91.94%, 92.44% and 91.55%, respectively (P<0.001). The company employees, annual household income with 40 000 yuan and more and other three groups had a relatively better consciousness of the cancer early treatment (P<0.05). Male, widowed, unemployed and from the central and western regions had a relatively worse consciousness of the cancer early treatment (P<0.05). Conclusion: Residents in urban China participants had a good consciousness of the cancer early treatment. The marital status, occupation, annual household income and residential regions were major factors related to the consciousness of the cancer early treatment.


Assuntos
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Neoplasias/terapia , Tempo para o Tratamento/estatística & dados numéricos , População Urbana , Adolescente , Adulto , China , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores Socioeconômicos , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos
11.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(1): 76-83, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914573

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the health literacy of the cancer prevention and treatment among urban residents of China, and explore the related factors. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 16 provinces covered by the Cancer Screening Program in Urban China (CanSPUC) from 2015 to 2017. A total of 32 257 local residents aged ≥18 years old who could understand the investigation procedure were included in the study by using the cluster sampling method and convenient sampling method. All local residents were categorized into four groups, which contained 15 524 community residents, 8 016 cancer risk assessment/screening population, 2 289 cancer patients and 6 428 occupational population, respectively. The health literacy of the cancer prevention, early discovery, early diagnosis, early treatment and the demands of cancer prevention and treatment knowledge was analyzed. The level of health literacy among different groups were calculated and compared. The binary logistic regression model was used to analyze the influencing factors of the health literacy of the cancer prevention and treatment. Results: The level of health literacy of the cancer prevention and treatment was 56.97% among all study population; in each group it was 55.01% for community residents, 59.08% for cancer risk assessment/screening population, 61.99% for cancer patients and 57.31% for occupational population, respectively (P<0.001). The level of health literacy of the cancer prevention and treatment of residents aged 50 to 69 years old, other occupational groups, unmarried, the central and western region residents and the group with unclear self-assessment of cancer risk was significantly lower than that of residents younger than 40 years old, personnel of public institutions/civil servants, married, the eastern region residents and the group whose self-assessment without cancer risk (P<0.05) . The level of health literacy of cancer prevention and treatment of females, people who went to high school or over, cancer risk assessment/screening population, cancer patients and occupational population was significantly higher than that of males, people who had an education level of primary school or below and community residents (P<0.05) . Conclusion: The health literacy of the cancer prevention and treatment of urban residents in China was relatively high, but there was still room for improvement. Gender, age, educational level, occupation, region, marital status, self-assessment of cancer risk, and type of respondents were the key influencing factors of the health literacy of the cancer prevention and treatment. Male, 50-69 years old, lower educational level, central and western regions, unclear cancer risk self-assessment, and without specific environmental exposure to cancer prevention and treatment knowledge or related risk factors were the characteristics of the key intervention group of the health literacy of the cancer prevention and treatment.


Assuntos
Alfabetização em Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias/prevenção & controle , População Urbana , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , China , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores Socioeconômicos , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos
12.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(1): 84-91, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914574

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the demand and access to the cancer prevention and treatment knowledge and related factors among urban residents in China from 2015 to 2017. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 16 provinces covered by the Cancer Screening Program in Urban China from 2015 to 2017. A total of 32 257 local residents aged ≥18 years old who could understand the investigation procedure were included in the study by using the cluster sampling method and convenient sampling method. All local residents were categorized into four groups, which contained 15 524 community residents, 8 016 cancer risk assessment/screening population, 2 289 cancer patients and 6 428 occupational population, respectively. The self-designed questionnaire was used to collect the information of general demographic characteristics, the demand and access to cancer prevention and treatment knowledge, and the influencing factors of the attitude. The Chi-square test was used to analyze the difference of the demand of the cancer prevention knowledge among different groups and the corresponding factors of the cancer prevention and treatment knowledge were analyzed by using the logistic regression model. Results: The proportion of residents who need the cancer prevention and treatment knowledge was 79.5%. The demand rate of the inducement, symptom and diagnosis methods of cancer in the occupational population was highest, about 66.8%, 71.0% and 20.8%, respectively. The demand rate of treatment methods and cost in current cancer patients was the highest, about the 45.9% and 21.9%, respectively. The top three sources to acquire the cancer prevention and treatment knowledge were "broadcast or television" (69.5%), "books, newspapers, posters or brochures" (44.7%) and "family and friends" (33.8%). The multivariate analysis showed that compared with public institution personnel/civil servants, unmarried/cohabiting/divorced/widowed and others, annual household income less than 20 000 CNY, from the eastern region, people without cancer diagnosis and people with self-assessment of cancer risk, the demand rate of cancer prevention and treatment knowledge was higher in enterprise personnel/workers, married, annual household income between 60 000 CNY and 150 000 CNY, from the central region, people with cancer and people with unclear cancer risk (all P values <0.05). Conclusion: There was a high demand for the cancer prevention and treatment knowledge among urban residents in China from 2015 to 2017. The main access to the knowledge is from the radio or television. The occupation, marital status, annual household income, residential region, health status and risk of disease were the main factors of the demand of the cancer prevention and treatment knowledge.


Assuntos
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias/prevenção & controle , População Urbana , Adolescente , Adulto , China , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos
13.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(1): 43-54, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31957817

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Tumor-derived exosomes have been repeatedly studied as tumor antigens, suppressing T-cell signaling molecules and promoting apoptosis in ovarian cancer (OC). Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been recognized as major regulators in tumorigenesis, including OC. For this study, we try to find out the mechanism of exosomes and lncRNA FAL1 in OC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After the extraction and identification of exosomes, the internalization of exosomes was observed. Invasion and migration experiments were conducted to investigate the effect of SKOV3 cells-secreted exosomes on OC tumorigenesis and metastasis. Furthermore, the in vivo findings were verified via xenograft tumors in nude mice. FAL1 was knocked out on exosomes. OC cells treated with exosomes were co-cultured with lncRNA FAL1 or/and PTEN to measure cell invasion and migration. RESULTS: SKOV3-secreted exosomes were absorbed and internalized by OC cells. After exosome treatment, the migration and invasion of OC cells were enhanced, tumors in nude mice were larger and heavier, metastasis was increased, and lncRNA FAL1 expression was increased. When lncRNA FAL1 was knocked out, the promoting effects of SKOV3 cells-secreted exosomes on OC cell metastasis were weakened, along with increased PTEN level and decreased AKT phosphorylation level. In HO-8910PM cells treated with siRNA-FAL1 exosomes and siRNA-PTEN, cell invasion and migration, and AKT phosphorylation were restored. CONCLUSIONS: SKOV3-secreted exosomes inhibited the PTEN/AKT signaling pathway by transferring lncRNA FAL1, thus inhibiting OC cell metastasis in vitro and in vivo.

14.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 58(1): 13-16, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31902163

RESUMO

Large hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common malignancies and was mistaked as "advanced and unresectable" . Liver resection is still the best curable treatment for HCC.The resection of large HCC is very difficult, which seriously restrict the progress of liver surgery.Our study proved that solitary large HCC (SLHCC) has unique clinicopathological and molecular biological characteristics.No matter how big the tumor size is, it belongs to early stage if there is no vascular invasion.Liver resection should be aggressively recommended for the patients with SLHCC, in which they can obtain good outcome, with 40% 5-year survival rate.We has also defined the borderline resectable hepatocellular carcinoma, and suggested that strictly master and correctly judge the surgical indications, syntheticly evaluate the surgical safety and patient's tolerability for liver resection.After that, with hands of experienced surgeons, liver resection for SLHCC can be safely and reliablely performed.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Hepatectomia/métodos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Hepatectomia/tendências , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia
15.
Nanoscale ; 12(1): 277-288, 2020 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31825044

RESUMO

Based on the density functional theory and nonequilibrium Green's function methods, we launch a systematic study of the magnetic properties and thermoelectric effects in silicene-based devices constructed by using zigzag silicene nanoribbons (ZSiNRs). By modulating the adsorption site, it is found that the ground state of ZSiNRs varies from an antiferromagnetic state to a ferromagnetic state. Meanwhile, a spin-degenerate semiconductor evolves into a spin semiconductor. The spin and charge thermoelectric figure of merits have an almost equal value of about 60 in the narrow device, which originates from the spin-dependent conductance dips and high spin-filtering effects. Moreover, a thermally-driven pure spin current in the silicene-based devices is obtained in the absence of the gate voltage, and its magnitude is effectively enhanced as the device width increases. Our results suggest that the silicene-based devices have very good prospects for spin caloritronics.

16.
Lett Appl Microbiol ; 70(2): 95-101, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31705810

RESUMO

Candida albicans is an opportunistic fungus, which causes vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC). The aim of this study was to evaluate Mrr2 mutation and its expression levels and Candida drug resistance 1 (Cdr1) in C. albicans associated with fluconazole (FCA) resistance. We identified 80 isolates of C. albicans from 155 vaginal secretions and performed FCA drug sensitivity tests, using M27-A3 micro-broth dilution. We extracted DNA, sequenced Mrr2, and performed reverse transcriptase-quantitative PCR polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) to detect mRNA expression levels of Mrr2 and Cdr1. In total, 40 isolates were sensitive, 10 were dose-dependently sensitive, and 30 were resistant to FCA. Mrr2 mutation occurred in 56·67% isolates, which was significantly higher than that in the FCA sensitive group (26·08%, P < 0·05). The mRNA expression level of Cdr1 in the FCA resistant group was significantly higher than that in the sensitive group Cdr1 (0·42 ± 0·294 vs 0·25 ± 0·289, P < 0·05). The odds ratio of FCA-resistant occurrence in C. albicans with Mrr2 mutation and high expression levels was 47·5 times higher than C. albicans without Mrr2 mutation and low expression levels. The results may provide new insights for improving VVC treatment. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: Significance and Impact of the Study: Candida albicans is an opportunistic fungus, which causes vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC). Fluconazole (FCA) is the most widely used drug in VVC infection. However, the widespread use of FCA has severely increased the incidence of FCA-resistant fungus. Therefore, the mechanism underlying FCA resistance in C. albicans must be elucidated urgently. This study demonstrated that high expression of Cdr1 and Mrr2 may directly be linked to C. albicans resistance to FCA, and high expression of Mrr2 may promote high expression of Cdr1 and mediate resistance of C. albicans to FCA. The results may provide new insights for improving VVC treatment.

17.
Clin Oncol (R Coll Radiol) ; 32(1): e1-e9, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31375307

RESUMO

Lung cancer is a common cancer associated with high mortality rates worldwide. Unfortunately, it usually presents at a late stage, precluding the chance of curative therapy. The discovery of oncogenic driver mutations in patients with non-small cell lung cancer over the past 20 years has led to new molecular targeted therapies that have dramatically improved treatment efficacy and quality of life. New generations of therapy that target the drug-resistant mutations have also quickly evolved, benefiting patients who are refractory or intolerant to first-line targeted therapy. Eastern patients, from Southeast Asia, Japan and China, are known to have a higher incidence of epidermal growth factor receptor mutation. Therefore, compared with the West, more patients would benefit from these recent advances. In contrast, survival of patients without driver mutations has benefited from advances in novel therapeutics, including the immune checkpoint inhibitors. The current review aims to highlight the recent developments in the management of advanced-stage non-small cell lung cancer and to compare the differences in clinical practice between Eastern and Western countries.

18.
J Environ Radioact ; 212: 106131, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31885365

RESUMO

To understand the dynamic mechanisms governing soil-to-plant transfer of selenium (Se), technetium-99 (99Tc) and iodine (I), a pot experiment was undertaken using 30 contrasting soils after spiking with 77Se, 99Tc and 129I, and incubating for 2.5 years. Two grass species (Agrostis capillaris and Lolium perenne) were grown under controlled conditions for 4 months with 3 cuts at approximately monthly intervals. Native (soil-derived) 78Se and127I, as well as spiked 77Se, 99Tc and 129I, were assayed in soil and plants by ICP-MS. The grasses exhibited similar behaviour with respect to uptake of all three elements. The greatest uptake observed was for 99Tc, followed by 77Se, with least uptake of 129I, reflecting the transformations and interactions with soil of the three isotopes. Unlike soil-derived Se and I, the available pools of 77Se, 99Tc and 129I were substantially depleted by plant uptake across the three cuts with lower concentrations observed in plant tissues in each subsequent cut. Comparison between total plant offtake and various soil species suggested that 77SeO42-, 99TcO4- and 129IO3-, in soluble and adsorbed fractions were the most likely plant-available species. A greater ratio of 127I/129I in the soil solid phase compared to the solution phase confirmed incomplete mixing of spiked 129I with native 127I in the soil, despite the extended incubation period, leading to poor buffering of the spiked available pools. Compared to traditional expressions of soil-plant transfer factor (TFtotal), a transfer factor (TFavailable) expressed using volumetric concentrations of speciated 'available' fractions of each element showed little variation with soil properties.

19.
J Affect Disord ; 262: 304-309, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31733918

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Given the high burden and prevalence of depression, various guidelines underscore the role of healthcare providers in supplying advice on physical activity (PA) as a potential modifying factor influencing the incidence and severity of depressive symptoms in adults. We aimed to investigate the extent to which healthcare providers provide PA advice to adults with depressive symptoms in the US. METHODS: Data on adults aged 20-64 years (n = 4971) in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Study between 2011 and 2016 were analysed. Depressive symptoms were assessed using the Patient Health Questionnaire and response options were categorised as "none or minimal", "mild", "moderate-severe". Receipt of PA advice from a healthcare provider was self-reported. We restricted our study sample to adults free from chronic diseases. RESULTS: Higher odds of receiving advice to exercise were reported among adults with mild (OR = 1.7, 95% CI: 1.3-2.3) and moderate-severe depressive symptoms (OR = 1.7, 95% CI: 1.0-2.8). Furthermore, exercise advice was more commonly reported among adults who were overweight, obese, Hispanic, Asian, being insured with private insurance, with education higher than high school, and had access to a routine place for health care. LIMITATIONS: Social and culutral aspects of overweight/obesity may prohibit generalizations. Cross sectional design does not allow for causal realtionships. CONCLUSIONS: In the US, fewer than one in three adults experiencing symptoms of depression report having received exercise advice from a healthcare provider. Providing such advice may be a sustainable clinical strategy in reducing the incidence and severity of depression symptoms.

20.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 57(12): 902-907, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31826593

RESUMO

Objectives: To evaluate the efficacy of minimally invasive surgery in patients with late severe tricuspid regurgitation after cardiac surgery, and to evaluate the role of leaflets augmentation technique in tricuspid valvuloplasty. Methods: From January 2015 to June 2019, 85 patients undergoing tricuspid valve repair procedure with minimally invasive approach at Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Guangdong provincial People's Hospital were enrolled. There were 22 males and 63 females, aging of (53.6±12.4) years (range: 15 to 75 years). The interval between the prior and current operations was (16.0±7.3) years (range: 0.2 to 35.0 years). The diameter of right atrium and right ventricle was (77.3±17.2) mm and (61.0±8.4) mm, respectively. Tricuspid regurgitation was severe or extremely severe, the tricuspid regurgitation area was (19.0±10.3) cm(2). All patients underwent minimally invasive tricuspid valvuloplasty or tricuspid valve replacement on beating-heart with totally endoscopic technique and port-access approach through right chest wall. The operations included tricuspid valve replacement and tricuspid valvuloplasty, the technique of tricuspid valvuloplasty including leaflets augmentation with patch, ring implantation, chordae tendineaes reconstruction, release of papillary muscle, edge to edge method, etc. Postoperative hospitalization days, the time of ICU stay, blood transfusion rate, ventilator time and the results of echocardiography were recorded. Follow-up was completed regularly by WeChat, telephone and outpatient visit. Results: Sixty-five patients underwent tricuspid valve repair, and 20 patients underwent tricuspid valve replacement because of prosthetic failure and plasty failure. Five patients died during hospitalization, with mortality rate 5.9%. One patient was transferred to local hospital for anti-infection treatment, the other 79 patients were discharged from hospital in well condition and followed-up. The postoperative hospitalization time was 7.0 (5.5) days (M(Q(R))) days, the mean ventilator time was 18.0 (16.2) hours, and the mean ICU stay time was 68.0 (75.5) hours. There were 35 patients without blood conduction transfusion, the transfusion rate was only 58.9% (50/85). Four cases of severe, 9 cases of moderate and 67 cases of mild to zero tricuspid regurgitation were examined before being discharged, with tricuspid regurgitation area of (2.8±3.5) cm(2) (range: 0 to 19.1 cm(2)). The follow-up time was 1 to 38 months. Two patients died during follow-up, one patient died from infective endocarditis and mitral perivalvular leakage, the other one died of intractable right heart failure. One patient was implanted with permanent pacemaker due to Ⅲ atrioventricular block. Valvular re-replacement was performed in 2 patients who were re-admitted for the artificial valve infection and mechanical valve obstruction. No re-operation of tricuspid valve. Conclusions: Totally endoscopic minimally invasive technique provided satisfactory surgical outcomes for critically sick patients with severe tricuspid regurgitation following cardiac surgery. The application of leaflets augmentation technique achieved ideal repair effect for previously unrepairable lesions.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/métodos , Feminino , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Reoperação , Resultado do Tratamento , Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/etiologia , Adulto Jovem
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