Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 496
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
J Cell Physiol ; 2020 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32037554

RESUMO

Endothelial glycocalyx degradation, critical for increased pulmonary vascular permeability, is thought to facilitate the development of sepsis into the multiple organ failure. Maresin conjugates in tissue regeneration 1 (MCTR1), a macrophage-derived lipid mediator, which exhibits potentially beneficial effects via the regulation of bacterial phagocytosis, promotion of inflammation resolution, and regeneration of tissue. In this study, we show that MCTR1 (100 ng/mouse) enhances the survival of mice with lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced (15 mg/kg) sepsis. MCTR1 alleviates LPS (10 mg/kg)-induced lung dysfunction and lung tissue inflammatory response by decreasing inflammatory cytokines (tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-1ß [IL-1ß], and IL-6) expression in serum and reducing the serum levels of heparan sulfate (HS) and syndecan-1. In human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) experiments, MCTR1 (100 nM) was added to the culture medium with LPS for 6 hr. MCTR1 treatment markedly inhibited HS degradation by downregulating heparanase (HPA) protein expression in vivo and in vitro. Further analyses indicated that MCTR1 upregulates sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) expression and decreases NF-κB p65 phosphorylation. In the presence of BOC-2 or EX527, the above effects of MCTR1 were abolished. These results suggest that MCTR1 protects against LPS-induced sepsis in mice by attenuating pulmonary endothelial glycocalyx injury via the ALX/SIRT1/NF-κB/HPA pathway.

2.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32022007

RESUMO

Here, the carrier dynamics of a π-conjugated polymer is monitored by voltage-dependent surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS). The conductive polymer poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) is employed as a metal-free SERS substrate. Under different voltage conditions, the SERS performance of the semiconductors' rectification characteristic is discussed. Our results open an unprecedented regime for conducting polymer-based SERS.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32012318

RESUMO

Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is a major type of esophageal cancer, accounting for about 90% of cases. Circular RNA UBAP2 (circUBAP2) is involved in the progression of several types of cancers. However, the role of circUBAP2 in ESCC remains unclear. In the present study, circUBAP2 expression was found to be upregulated in ESCC tumour tissues. Knockdown of circUBAP2 through infection with lentiviral vector encoding shRNA targeting circUBAP2 (sh-circUBAP2) inhibited the proliferation, migration and invasion of ESCC cells. In addition, circUBAP2 significantly promoted the proliferation, migration and invasion of ESCC cells. In vivo xenograft assay demonstrated that circUBAP2 downregulation suppressed the tumour growth of ESCC. Further mechanism investigations proved that circUBAP2 exerted its role via sponging microRNA (miR)-422a, and miR-422a directly targeted Rab10 in ESCC cells. These findings suggested that circUBAP2 acted as oncogene through regulating the miR-422a/Rab10 axis in ESCC.

4.
Environ Int ; 137: 105574, 2020 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32078871

RESUMO

Halogenated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons are carcinogenic and ubiquitous environmental organic pollutants. The abundance and sources of these compounds have not been studied in remote environments. We collected and analyzed air, soil, lichen, and moss samples from the Tibetan Plateau. Concentrations of chlorinated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons were 0.78-4.16 pg/m3 in air, 3.11-297 pg/g in soil, 260-741 pg/g in lichens, and 338-934 pg/g in mosses. Concentrations of brominated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons were 0.15-0.59 pg/m3 in air, 0.61-72.3 pg/g in soil, 33.5-64.9 pg/g in lichens, and 20.5-72.5 pg/g in mosses. The dominant congeners were 9- and 2-chlorophenanthrene, 1-chloropyrene, 3-chlorofluoranthene, and 1-bromopyrene. We found correlations between congener concentrations in lichens and in air, and lichens effectively predicted near-ground atmospheric concentrations of the pollutants. The enrichment of photochemically stable compounds in high-altitude environments is influenced by their physicochemical properties. Principal component analysis with multivariate linear regression of chlorinated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons measured in lichens provided an assessment of the relative source contributions, and suggested that in Medog County of Tibetan Plateau, 48% was likely from long-range combustion sources, 26% was from local burning sources, and 26% was from photochemical formation.

5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(5): e18983, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32000432

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Basilar invagination (BI) is a common deformity in the occipitocervical region. The traditional surgical method of BI is direct transoral decompression followed by posterior decompression and fixation. Posterior-only decompression and fixation have achieved good efficacy in the treatment of BI in recent years, but complications are common due to the operation in the upper cervical vertebra and the medulla oblongata region. Moreover, posterior-only occipitocervical fusion combined with an intraoperative 3-dimensional (3D) navigation system is relatively rare, and reports of this procedure combined with 3D printing technology have not been published. We present a case of BI treated with posterior-only occipitocervical fusion combined with 3D printing technology and 3D navigation system to reduce the risk of surgical complications. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 55-year-old patient with a history of neck pain and numbness of the extremities for 6 years developed a walking disorder for 1 year. DIAGNOSES: Atlantoaxial dislocation with BI. INTERVENTIONS: The patient underwent posterior-only occipitocervical fusion combined with intraoperative 3D navigation system and 3D printing technology. OUTCOMES: The patient's walking disorder was resolved and he was able to walk approximately 100 m by himself when he was allowed to get up and move around with the help of a neck brace. At 6 months postoperatively, the patient reported that the numbness of the limbs was reduced, and he could walk >500 m by himself. CONCLUSION: Occipitocervical fusion is one of the established techniques for the treatment of BI. The biggest advantage of the 2 technologies was that it ensured precise implant placement. The advantages of intraoperative 3D navigation systems are as follows: real-time intraoperative monitoring of the angle and depth of implant placement; the best nailing point can be determined at the time of implantation, rather than according to the operator's previous experience; and the extent of screw insertion is visible to the naked eye, rather than being dependent on the "hand feel" of the surgeon. At the same time, the 3D printing technology can be applied to clarify the relationship between blood vessels and bone around the implant to minimize injury to important structures during implantation.


Assuntos
Articulação Atlantoaxial/cirurgia , Imagem Tridimensional , Luxações Articulares/cirurgia , Impressão Tridimensional , Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Vértebras Cervicais/cirurgia , Descompressão Cirúrgica/métodos , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osso Occipital/cirurgia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
6.
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces ; 189: 110819, 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32023509

RESUMO

To improve mechanical, tribological and biological performances of polyetheretherketone (PEEK) for artificial joints applications, molybdenum disulfide (MoS2, MS) nanosheets were incorporated into PEEK to fabricate MS/PEEK biocomposites (MPC) with MS content of 4 w% (MPC4) and 8 w% (MPC8). The results revealed that the MS nanosheets with the size of about 400 nm and sheet thickness of about 70 nm were distributed into PEEK matrix, and surface roughness as well as hydrophilicity of MPC increased with the MS content increasing. Moreover, the compressive strength and shore hardness of the MPC were accordingly enhanced. Furthermore, the coefficient of friction of the MPC decreased while the wear resistance of the MPC increased with the MS content increasing in both water-sliding and dry-sliding contact. In addition, rat bone marrow derived stromal cells adhered and proliferated on the composites, indicating that the MPC had no adverse influences on cell behaviors, indicating good cytocompatibility. The results demonstrated that incorporation of MS nanosheets into PEEK produced biocomposites with improved mechanical, tribological and biological performances. MPC8 with no cytotoxicity would have a great potential for artificial joints applications.

7.
Environ Pollut ; 260: 113946, 2020 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32041007

RESUMO

Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) are cancerogenic organic pollutants that priority controlled by Stockholm Convention with globally 183 signatories now. Secondary nonferrous smelting plants are confirmed to be important sources in China due to its large industrial activities and high emissions of PCDD/Fs. It is important to prioritize source to achieve source emission reduction by conducting field monitoring on typical case plants. Here, the emission profiles and levels of PCDD/Fs were investigated in 25 stack gas samples collected from three secondary copper production (SeCu), two secondary zinc production (SeZn) and two secondary lead production (SePb). Both average mass concentration and toxic equivalency quantity (TEQ) concentrations of PCDD/Fs all generally decreased in the order: SeCu > SeZn > SePb. It is noteworthy that the mean TEQ concentration in stack gas from SeCu with oxygen-enrich melting furnace technology, at 2.7 ng I-TEQ/Nm3, was much higher than the concentrations of other smelting processes. The average emission factors and annual release amounts of PCDD/Fs from SeCu, SePb and SeZn investigated were 28.4, 1.5, 10.4 µg I-TEQ/t and 1.03, 0.023, 0.17 g I-TEQ/year, respectively. The ratios of 2,3,7,8-TCDF to 1,2,3,7,8-PeCDF and OCDD to 1,2,3,7,8,9-HxCDD varied to large extent for three metal smelting, which could be used as diagnostic ratios of tracing specific PCDD/Fs sources. Addition of copper-containing sludge into the raw materials might lead to higher PCDD/Fs emissions. It is important to emphasize and reduce the PCDD/Fs emissions from oxygen-enrich melting furnace from secondary copper productions.

8.
Chemosphere ; 250: 126161, 2020 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32092565

RESUMO

The widespread contamination of antibiotics and heavy metals results in imbalance in the ecosystem. However, the effect of the interaction between sulfamethazine (SM2) and copper (Cu) on soil enzymatic activities is unclear. Therefore, this study investigated the effect of single and combined artificial contamination of SM2 and Cu (0, 1.6 mmol kg-1 Cu and 0, 0.05, 0.2, 0.8 mmol kg-1 SM2) on soil enzymatic activities (urease, sucrose, phosphatase, and RubisCO). A single application of Cu at a concentration of 1.6 mmol kg-1 inhibited the urease, phosphatase and sucrase activities, while a stimulating effect on RubisCO activity was observed on day 7, 21, and 28 of incubation. The individual application of SM2 at higher concentration exhibited significant inhibition of sucrase, phosphatase, and urease activities while a stimulatory effect on RubisCO activity was observed on day 14 and 21 of incubation. The combined contamination of SM2 and Cu significantly inhibited the activities of urease, sucrase, and phosphatase. The effect of combined contamination of SM2 and Cu on the activity of RubisCO was different. The analysis results of interaction types show that there are synergistic or antagonistic effects between Cu and SM2, and these effects can amplify or reduce the effect of Cu or SM2 on soil enzyme activities. Integrated biological responses version 2 (IBRv2) analysis showed that the combined contamination of Cu and SM2 had a greater inhibitory or stimulatory effect on soil enzyme activities than the single contamination of Cu and SM2, depending upon dose and time.

9.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 15(1): 24, 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31964399

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a rare and complex genetic disorder caused by lacking expression of imprinted genes on the paternally derived chromosome 15q11-q13 region. This study aimed to characterize the perinatal features of 134 Chinese individuals with PWS. METHODS: This study included the patients of a PWS registry in China. Anonymous data of 134 patients were abstracted. Perinatal and neonatal presentations were analyzed, and compared between the two PWS genetic subtypes. We also compared the perinatal features of PWS patients with the general population and other previous reported large cohorts from France, UK and USA. RESULTS: This study included 134 patients with PWS (115 patients with 15q11-q13 deletion and 19 with maternal uniparental disomy). Higher mean maternal age was found in this cohort (30.5 vs. 26.7), particularly in the maternal uniparental disomy (UPD) group (36.0 vs. 26.7) comparing with the general population. 88.6% of mothers reported a decrease of fetal movements. 42.5 and 18.7% of mothers had polyhydramnios and oligohydramnios during pregnancy, respectively. 82.8% of the patients were born by caesarean section. 32.1% of neonates had birth asphyxia, 98.5% had hypotonia and 97.8% had weak cry or even no cry at neonatal period. Feeding difficulty existed in 99.3% of the infants, 94.8% of whom had failure to thrive. 69.4% of the infants ever used feeding tube during hospitalization, however, 97.8% of them discontinued tube feeding after discharge. Maternal age and pre-pregnancy weight were significantly higher in the UPD group (both P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Differential diagnosis of PWS should be highlighted if infants having following perinatal factors including polyhydramnios, decreased intrauterine fetal movements, caesarean section, low birth weight, feeding difficulty, hypotonia and failure to thrive. Higher maternal age may be a risk factor of PWS, especially for UPD. Further studies are needed for elucidating the mechanism of PWS.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31992611

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown inconsistent findings on the association between psychological distress and risk of mortality. This study aimed to address this inconsistent association using a large US population-based cohort. METHODS: This study used data from 1997 to 2009 US National Health Interview Survey, which were linked with National Death Index through 31 December 2011. Psychological distress was measured using Kessler-6 scale and was categorised into six groups based on scores as 0, 1-3, 4-6, 7-9, 10-12 and ≥13. Main outcomes were all-cause, cancer-specific and cardiovascular disease (CVD)-specific mortality. Analyses were completed in 2019. Cox proportional hazards models were used to determine the association between psychological distress and mortality. RESULTS: A total of 330 367 participants aged ≥18 years were included. During a mean follow-up of 8.2 years, 34 074 deaths occurred, including 8320 cancer-related and 8762 CVD-related deaths. There was a dose-response association between psychological distress and all-cause mortality. Compared with the 0 score category, adjusted HRs (95% CIs) for other categorical psychological distress scores, that is, 1-3, 4-6, 7-9, 10-12 and ≥13, were 1.09 (1.05 to 1.12), 1.22 (1.17 to 1.27), 1.38 (1.31 to 1.46), 1.49 (1.40 to 1.59) and 1.57 (1.47 to 1.68), respectively. Corresponding values for cancer-specific mortality were 1.06 (0.99 to 1.12), 1.13 (1.04 to 1.23), 1.27 (1.14 to 1.42), 1.38 (1.22 to 1.57) and 1.32 (1.15 to 1.51), respectively; those for CVD-specific mortality were 1.11 (1.05 to 1.18), 1.22 (1.12 to 1.32), 1.30 (1.17 to 1.45), 1.38 (1.20 to 1.58), and 1.46 (1.27 to 1.68), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: We found a dose-response relationship between psychological distress and all-cause and cause-specific mortality, emphasising the need for early prevention strategies among individuals with potential psychological distress.

11.
Environ Sci Technol ; 54(4): 2314-2322, 2020 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31951122

RESUMO

Polychlorinated naphthalenes (PCNs) are globally transported, carcinogenic, persistent organic pollutants (POPs) that were recently added to the Stockholm Convention with 184 parties. The Tibetan Plateau plays an important role in the global transportation and distribution of POPs. Knowledge of PCN sources and transportation on the Tibetan Plateau is important for their control globally. In this study, we quantified the congener-specific concentrations of PCNs in lichen, moss, soil, and air samples collected on the Tibetan plateau and found that common lichens were effective biomonitors for predicting atmospheric PCNs in this area. The physiochemical properties of the PCNs, the temperatures, and the lichen lipid contents were identified as important factors influencing PCN partitioning between lichens and air. Lichen-air partitioning equations were established and used to predict PCN concentrations in air in Southeast Tibet. The lichens could be used as PCN biomonitors to clarify their spatial variations, sources, and transportation in the southeast of the plateau. PCN concentrations in lichens increased with altitude, suggesting that high-mountain cold-trapping influenced the PCN transportation behavior. Principal component analysis and linear discriminant analysis showed that the major source of PCNs in this region was long-range atmospheric transportation via the Indian monsoon in summer and wind from Southwest Asia in winter. This study provides a novel method using PCN congener profiles as fingerprints and statistical models for studying the geochemical effects of conditions in high-mountain regions on the contamination behaviors of 75 congeners of the notorious PCNs.

12.
J Environ Manage ; 259: 110045, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31929030

RESUMO

China's rapid industrialization has induced water and energy shortage issue. Since water and energy resources are inextricably connected, the synergetic conservation of these two resources is conducive to China's sustainable development. In this paper, using a heterogeneous stochastic frontier model, we estimate the output and substitution elasticities of water and energy in China's industrial sector at the provincial level during the period of 2004-2014, in order to explore how to achieve synergetic conservation of water and energy resources by identifying the water-energy nexus. The results show that in China's industrial sector, the overall technical efficiency measured by the ratio of actual output to the ideal output in production frontier experienced a slight decline during the research period. The output elasticity (i.e., the changes in output caused by per unit change in a certain input) of water remains positive, while that of energy is negative in most years, indicating that water input increase contributes to industrial output growth, rather than energy input. Water and energy show a complementary relationship in most years, suggesting that a decrease in water input can reduce energy input. Therefore, to achieve the synergetic conservation of water and energy, the government should actively advance water-saving and energy-saving technologies by taking account of the differentiated production characteristics of different provincial-level industrial sector. In particular, when water and energy are complementary, the technological progress for saving either energy or water will be conducive to the synergetic conservation of these two resources.


Assuntos
Indústrias , Água , China , Elasticidade , Tecnologia
13.
Sci Total Environ ; 714: 136841, 2020 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31991271

RESUMO

It is crucial to decouple economic growth from environmental pollution in China. This study aims to evaluate China's decoupling level between PM2.5 emissions and economic growth from a regional investment perspective. Using the panel data of 30 Chinese provinces for the period of 1998-2016, this study combines decomposition analysis with decoupling analysis to identify the roles of conventional factors and three novel investment factors in the mitigation and decoupling of PM2.5 emissions in China and its four sub-regions. The results show that China's PM2.5 emissions were weakly decoupled to economic growth during the period of 1998-2016, as well as in China's four sub-regions. At the national level, investment scale played the dominant role while investment structure had a marginal effect in mitigating the decoupling level. In contrast, emission intensity was the largest driver in promoting the decoupling effect. At the regional level, emission intensity and investment efficiency accelerated the regional decoupling level, but the coupling effect from investment scale in the western region far exceeded those in other three sub-regions. At the provincial level, the investment structure of Inner Mongolia and investment scales of Xinjiang and Inner Mongolia had the greatest impacts on PM2.5 emission growth. Finally, several policy recommendations are raised for China to mitigate its PM2.5 emissions.

14.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 189: 109922, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31784107

RESUMO

We collected surface sediments from the Chaobai river, the dominant source of drinking water for Beijing, China, to assess the status of contamination by polychlorinated biphenyls and evaluate their sources. Total concentrations of polychlorinated biphenyls in the sediments ranged from 0.125 to 70.6 ng/g dry weight and correlated with the locations relating to painting operation such as printing factories and construction material markets. Dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls were present and corresponded with constituents of commercial polychlorinated biphenyl mixtures. Principal component analysis indicated two dominant sources of polychlorinated biphenyls in the sediments-deposition from airborne emissions and point-source pollution from factories. An ecological risk assessment concluded that there was only slight polychlorinated biphenyl pollution in the sediments of the Chaobai river, which was not likely to induce adverse biological effects. Our findings provide information for polychlorinated biphenyl risk assessment and recognition of the dominant sources of these compounds in drinking water in China.

15.
Environ Sci Technol ; 54(2): 842-850, 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31859492

RESUMO

Polychlorinated naphthalenes (PCNs) are highly toxic persistent organic pollutants (POPs) that are a relatively new addition to the Stockholm Convention as of 2015. The levels of unintentional emissions of PCNs from important industrial thermal sources on national scales are unclear but are important for understanding potential human exposure. In this study, an inventory was compiled of PCN emissions from priority industrial sources of unintentional POPs in China. Estimated emissions from four typical POP sources in the reference year (2014) in China were 511.6 kg by mass and 7650.8 mg of toxic equivalent. Waste incineration, secondary nonferrous smelting, electric arc furnace steelmaking, and iron ore sintering plants contributed 38.8, 15.4, 29.2, and 16.6%, respectively, to the total emissions. The Eastern Seaboard of China and the Hebei region in North China, which have intensive industrial activity and high population densities, were dominant contributors of PCNs. Only 18.6% of the counties where waste incineration plants were located emitted PCNs at a level higher than 1.00 × 10-1 mg of toxic equivalent, whereas 80% of the counties where metallurgical plants were located emitted PCNs at this level. These results indicate effective implementation of POP control in the waste incineration industry in China. This study clarifies the unintentionally emission levels of PCNs in China and provides important information for strategy development to control source emissions.

16.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(3): 3631-3641, 2020 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31880905

RESUMO

The fabrication of perovskite films with high crystallization quality, less defects, and fewer grain boundaries (uncoordinated ions) is one critical step to obtain excellent power conversion efficiency (PCE) and stability of perovskite solar cells (PSCs). In this work, we develop a novel method to control the perovskite growth toward better crystallinity and less defects using iodide ions (I-) and thiourea as additives for the first time (we define ITU for I- and thiourea). Grain boundaries in the perovskite films are significantly reduced compared to the traditional method. Moreover, concentration of the defects in perovskite films is decreased by nearly one-half. Based on high-quality films, the PSCs with a champion PCE of 20.39% present a stabilized output efficiency of 19.26% under one sun illumination compared to that of the control devices (17.75%). The devices also exhibit small hysteresis and excellent long-term and light stability. The devices can retain 80% of the initial PCE after 100 h of light soaking or 30 days of aging in ambient atmosphere. This work not only demonstrates a novel approach to passivate the defects by balancing iodide ions but also offers a strategy to control the perovskite film growth, which can be widely used in photoelectric devices.

17.
Stem Cell Res ; 42: 101687, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31869684

RESUMO

The human induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) line YAHKMUi001-A was derived from the dermal fibroblasts of a patient with Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF), with a mutation in the TBX1 gene (c.928G > A). The skin fibroblasts were obtained from a 4-year-old boy, and were infected with Sendai virus expressing the Yamanaka factors. The YAHKMUi001-A iPSC line expresses pluripotent stem cell markers, displays a normal karyotype, and has the capacity to differentiate into 3 germ layers. This cell line model can be a good tool to study the pathological mechanism of the TBX1 gene mutations associated with TOF.

18.
Cancer Genet ; 240: 33-39, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31726270

RESUMO

Circular RNAs (circRNAs), resulting from the non-canonical splicing of linear pre-mRNAs, have permanently altered our perspectives toward cancer recently, especially in carcinogenesis and cancer progression. However, the roles of circRNAs in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) remain largely unknown. In the current study, circRNAs expression profiles are screened in ESCC, using plasma samples from 10 ESCC patients, including different TNM stages and 5 normal controls. Characteristics of circRNAs including length, types, and the possibility of binding to proteins are analyzed. Candidate tumor-related circRNAs are then quantitated in ESCC tissues, plasmas and cell lines. ESCC tissues can secret circRNAs into plasma and patients with high plasma circ-SLC7A5 are associated with high TNM stage, tending to have shorter overall survival than those with high levels. In addition, the biological characteristics of circ-SLC7A5 including location, miRNAs binding, m6A modification were analyzed. Our study reveals a novel prognosis biomarker of circ-SLC7A5, providing a preliminary landscape of circRNA expression for detection of ESCC.

19.
Environ Int ; 136: 105436, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31887713

RESUMO

Polychlorinated naphthalenes are teratogenic environmental contaminants. Mother milk is the most important food for nursing infants. The World Health Organization actively promotes breastfeeding for its immunological, psychological, and economic advantages. We firstly measured concentrations of polychlorinated naphthalenes in human milk from 19 provinces in China and estimated their potential health risks to nursing infants and their possible sources. Concentrations ranged from 211.07 to 2497.43 pg/g lipid. The high prevalence of highly toxic hexachlorinated naphthalenes (Hexa-CN66/67) in human milk samples indicated a higher health risk in the sampling areas. Cancer risk posed to nursing infants was not significant, but potential non-carcinogenic adverse health effects were suggested and should be emphasized in some sampling areas. Unintentional emission of polychlorinated naphthalenes from industries that employ thermal processes appears to be the main source for PCNs in human milk in most sampling areas. Correlation analysis also suggested PCNs as impurities in polychlorinated biphenyl mixtures as a previously unrecognized source of polychlorinated naphthalenes in human milk.

20.
J Hypertens ; 2019 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31790055

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The clinical utility of screening for pediatric metabolic syndrome (MetS) in children and adolescents is still controversial. We examined the performance of pediatric MetS vs. clustering of cardiovascular risk factors (which are the components of MetS) for predicting high carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) in children and adolescents. METHODS: Participants included 2427 children and adolescents aged 6-17 years from population-based studies in three countries (Brazil, China and Italy). Pediatric MetS was defined using either the modified National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III criteria or the modified International Diabetes Federation criteria. Clustering of cardiovascular risk factors was calculated as the sum of five components of MetS (i.e. central obesity, elevated blood pressure, elevated triglycerides, reduced HDL-cholesterol and elevated fasting blood glucose). High cIMT was defined as cIMT at least 95th percentile values for sex and age developed from European children. RESULTS: Presence of one, two or at least three cardiovascular risk factors (using the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III criteria), as compared with none, was associated with gradually increasing odds of high cIMT [odds ratios (95% confidence intervals): 1.60 (1.29-1.99), 2.89 (2.21-3.78) and 4.24 (2.81-6.39), respectively]. High cIMT was also associated with presence (vs. absence) of MetS (odds ratio = 2.88, 95% confidence interval = 1.95-4.26). However, clustering of cardiovascular risk factors predicted high cIMT markedly better than MetS (area under the curve of 0.66 vs. 0.54, respectively). Findings were similar using the International Diabetes Federation criteria for pediatric MetS. CONCLUSION: In children and adolescents, a graded score based on five cardiovascular risk factors (used to define MetS) predicted high cIMT markedly better than MetS. These findings do not support the clinical utility of MetS for screening youth at increased cardiovascular risk, as expressed in this study by high cIMT.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA