Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 3.783
Filtrar
1.
J Environ Manage ; 325(Pt B): 116562, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36308967

RESUMO

Vegetation change reflects sensitive responses of ecosystem environment to global climate change as well as land use. It is well known that land use type and its transformation affect vegetation change. However, how the changes in land use intensity (LUI) within different land use types impact vegetation and the interactions with other drivers remain poorly understood. We measured the LUI of Jiangsu Province, China, within the main land use types in 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010, 2015 and 2018 by combining remote sensing-based land use data with representative county scale economic and social indicators. Structural equation models (SEMs) were built to quantify the influences of long term LUI on vegetation change interacting with economic development, climate change and topographical conditions in transformed land, cropland, rural settlements and urbanized land, respectively. Seventy percent of significant vegetation change existed in non-transformed land use types. Although the area with a vegetation greening trend is larger than that with a vegetation browning trend, the vegetation browning areas is prominent in urbanized lands and some croplands in south basins. The constructed SEMs suggested the dominant negative effect of fast economic development regardless of land use types, while LUI played important and different direct and indirect effects on affecting vegetation change significantly interacting with economic development and climate change in different land use types. The LUI increasing led a vegetation greening in cropland, and stronger than climate warming with both positive direct and indirect effects for influencing climate change. The LUI change took negative effects on vegetation change in rural and urban areas, while a positive indirect effect of LUI increasing in urbanized land signaled the positive results of human managements. We then provided some land use-specific suggestions on basin scale for land management in Jiangsu. Our results highlight the necessity of long-term LUI quantification and promote the understanding of its effects on vegetation change interacted with other drivers within different land use types. This can be very helpful for sustainable land use and managements in regions with fast economic development.


Assuntos
Mudança Climática , Ecossistema , Humanos , Desenvolvimento Econômico , Modelos Teóricos , China
2.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 630(Pt A): 629-637, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36272217

RESUMO

HYPOTHESIS: A well-defined discoidal bicelle composed of three lipids, specifically zwitterionic long-chain 1,2­dipalmitoyl phosphocholine (DPPC) and short-chain 1,2­dihexanoyl phosphocholine (DHPC) doped with anionic 1,2­dipalmitoyl phosphoglycerol (DPPG) provides a generalized template for the synthesis of hydrophobic polymer nano-rings. The lipid molar ratio of DPPC/DHPC/DPPG is 0.71/0.25/0.04. The detailed investigation and discussion were based on styrene but tested on three other vinyl monomers. EXPERIMENTS: The structure of nano-rings is identified through the detailed analysis of small angle X-ray/neutron scattering (SAXS and SANS) data and transmission electron micrographs (TEM), supported by the differential scanning calorimetric (DSC) data before and after polymerization. The investigation covers samples with a styrene-to-lipid ratio ranged varied from 1:50 to 1:10. FINDINGS: The styrene monomers are initially located at both the discoidal planar (long-chain lipid rich) and rim (short-chain lipid rich) regions. During polymerization, they migrate to the more fluid rim regionsection. The formation mechanism involves the interplay of hydrophobic interaction, mismatched miscibility of polystyrene between the ordered and disordered phases, and crystallinity of the long lipid acyl chains. This facile synthesis is proven applicable for several hydrophobic monomers. The well-defined nano-rings greatly enhance the interfacial area and have the potential to be the building blocks for functional materials, if monomers are incorporated with desirable functions, for future applications.


Assuntos
Fosforilcolina , Polímeros , Espalhamento a Baixo Ângulo , Polimerização , Difração de Raios X , Éteres Fosfolipídicos , Estirenos , Bicamadas Lipídicas/química
3.
EClinicalMedicine ; 55: 101717, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36386039

RESUMO

Background: Early detection and prognosis prediction of colorectal cancer (CRC) can significantly reduce CRC-related mortality. Recently, circulating tumour DNA (ctDNA) methylation has shown good application foreground in the early detection and prognosis prediction of multiple tumours. Methods: This multicentre cohort study evaluated ctDNA methylation haplotype patterns based on archived plasma samples (collected between 2010 and 2018) from 1138 individuals at two medical centres: Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center (Shanghai, China) and Southern Medical University Nanfang Hospital (Guangzhou, Guangdong, China), including 366 healthy individuals, 182 patients with advanced adenoma (AA), and 590 patients with CRC. Samples were processed using the ColonES assay, a targeted bisulfite sequencing method that detects ctDNA methylation haplotype patterns in 191 genomic regions. Among these 1138 samples, 748 were used to develop a classification model, and 390 served as a blinded cohort for independent validation. The study is registered at https://register.clinicaltrials.gov with the unique identifier NCT03737591. Results: The model obtained from unblinded samples discriminated patients with CRC or AA from normal controls with high accuracy. In the blinded validation set, the ColonES assay achieved sensitivity values of 79.0% (95% confidence interval (CI), 66%-88%) in AA patients and 86.6% (95% CI, 81%-91%) in CRC patients with a specificity of 88.1% (95% CI, 81%-93%) in healthy individuals. The model area under the curve (AUC) for the blinded validation set was 0.903 for AA samples and 0.937 for CRC samples. Additionally, the prognosis of patients with high preoperative ctDNA methylation levels was worse than that of patients with low ctDNA methylation levels (p = 0.001 for relapse-free survival and p = 0.004 for overall survival). Interpretation: We successfully developed and validated an accurate, noninvasive detection method based on ctDNA methylation haplotype patterns that may enable early detection and prognosis prediction for CRC. Funding: The Grant of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No.81871958), National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 82203215), Shanghai Science and Technology Committee (No. 19140902100), Scientific Research Fund of Fudan University (No.IDF159052), Shanghai Municipal Health Commission (SHWJRS 2021-99), and Shanghai Sailing Program (22YF1408800).

4.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 302(Pt A): 115843, 2023 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36265676

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Sailuotong (SLT) is a standardized herbal medicine formula made from extracts of ginseng (the dried root and rhizome of Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer), ginkgo (the leaves of Ginkgo biloba L.), and saffron (the stigma of Crocus sativus L.). It is prescribed compatibly for the treatment of vascular dementia (VaD) following the TCM principle of Qi-invigorating and Blood-activating. Ginseng is widely used as a tonic for the restoration of strength in China. Ginkgo and saffron have been traditionally used for a long time as medicines with the main effect of promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis. AIM OF THE STUDY: SLT has been proven to be a promising medicine for VaD by existing pharmacological and clinical evidence. To understand how the formula herbs and their active ingredients cooperate to produce comprehensive effects, the present study aimed to establish a highly sensitive and accurate quantitative method to reveal the plasma exposure profile of SLT in humans. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Multiplex quantitation of a total of 17 SLT-derived components in human plasma was fulfilled by using online SPE for sample extractions followed by LC-MS/MS determinations. Among them, 8 ginsenoside (Rg1, Re, F1, Rf, Rb1, Rb2, Rc and Rd) were determined in ESI+ mode, and ginkgo flavonoids of quercetin, kaempferol, isorhamnetin were in ESI- mode. Improved sensitivity was achieved through optimizing the condition of sample extraction and LC separation, as well as mass parameters. 4 ginkgolides, including ginkgolide A, B, C and bilobalide, and 2 crocins of crocin-1 and its metabolite crocetin, were analyzed concurrently in negative ion mode, and their stability was ensured by a series of protective solutions. RESULTS: The lower limit of quantitation was achieved to be extremely sensitive at 0.078 ng/mL for all ginsenosides, 0.033 ‒ 0.2 ng/mL for ginkgo flavonoids, 0.75 or 1.5 ng/mL for ginkgolides and 3 ng/mL for crocins. The methods were fully validated to be accurate and precise, and applicability was demonstrated by the analysis of clinical samples from 2 healthy volunteers. CONCLUSION: The developed methods should be useful in further detailed clinical pharmacokinetic research for clarifying the effect mechanism of SLT and formulating its rational therapeutic regimens.

5.
Front Surg ; 9: 1022439, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36338642

RESUMO

Our study aims to evaluateand compare the long-term results of endovenous laser (EVLA) and microwave ablation (EMA) combined with high ligation in treating varicose veins (VVs). A total of 122 patients (150 legs) underwent EMA combined with high ligation, and 127 patients (167 legs) underwent EVLA procedures (980 nm) combined with high ligation in this retrospective study. Outcomes included the Aberdeen Varicose Vein Questionnaire (AVVQ) score, the Venous Clinical Severity Score (VCSS), clinical recurrence of VVs and patient satisfaction duringthe 5-year follow-up.During the 5-year follow-up, patients who underwent the EVLA procedure showed a higher recurrence of VVs than those who underwent the EMA procedure (22.75% vs. 13.33%, P = 0.03, odds ratio (OR): 1.91, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.06-3.45), especially at the primary site (6% vs. 14.37%, P = 0.01; OR: 2.63; 95% CI: 1.21-5.72). VV recurrence within 3 years was higher in patients who underwent EVLA than in those who underwent the EMA procedure (73.68% vs. 40%, P = 0.01; OR: 4.2; 95% CI: 1.37-12.86). Compared with those at baseline, the AVVQ score, VCSS and EQ-5D score improved significantly at 5 years for patients who underwent either procedure (P < 0.01); however, the VCSS and AVVQ score were higher for patients who underwent the EVLA procedure (P = 0.05). The patient reintervention rate was higher for EVLA than for EMA (14.79% vs. 7.33%, P = 0.033; OR: 2.19; 95% CI: 2.06-5.34). Our results confirmed that EMA and EVLA improve the QoL of patients and that EMA combined with high ligation demonstrates lower 5-year recurrence, especially at primary sites.

6.
Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat ; 18: 2543-2557, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36349346

RESUMO

Objective: The efficacy of medication and psychotherapy for adolescent depression is controversial, so we conducted a meta-analysis to evaluate the efficacy of combination therapy. Methods: We followed the PRISMA checklist in completing the meta-analysis. Relevant literature was searched in PubMed, Web of Science and Embase, Chinese databases CNKI and WanFang Data. We included the literature on the comparison of the fluoxetine plus psychotherapy or cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and each treatment alone for adolescent depression published in 1980-2021. All statistical analyses were performed using Stata software. Results: After careful review, a total of 489 relevant articles were retrieved, and 13 studies were finally included. In comparison with the control group (fluoxetine alone), fluoxetine plus CBT achieved higher response rate (RR=1.12, 95% CI: 1.04, 1.21), lower incidence of adverse Reactions (RR=0.62,95% CI:0.40,0.96), lower proportion of suicide or self-injury (RR=0.94,95% CI:0.74,1.20), and lower one-year recurrence rate (RR=0.27, 95% CI: 0.16, 0.45). Before treatment, there were no significant differences in Hamilton Depression Scale score (HAMD), Children's Depression Rating Scale Revised (CDRS-R) score, and Clinical Global Impression (CGI) Severity score. After treatment, HAMD score (SMD=-1.01, 95% CI:-1.39,-0.63), CDRS-R score (SMD= -0.10,95% CI:-0.26,-0.07), and CGI score (SMD = -0.22, 95% CI: -0.54, -0.10) were significantly lower in the combined treatment group than in the control group. Conclusion: Adolescents simultaneously treated with fluoxetine and CBT had significantly reduced incidence of depressive symptoms, suicide or NSSI, adverse reactions, and one-year recurrence of symptoms, than adolescents treated with fluoxetine alone. This indicates fluoxetine plus CBT may be superior to fluoxetine alone for the clinical treatment of adolescent depression.

7.
Front Public Health ; 10: 1000371, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36330103

RESUMO

Introduction: The COVID-19 pandemic introduced unprecedented challenges to both the physical and psychological health of postpartum women. The aim of this study was to determine how the COVID-19 pandemic affected the diet, physical activity and mental health of women 6 months following a hypertensive disorder of pregnancy. Methods: Mixed methods sub-study of the Blood Pressure Postpartum trial, which recruited women following a hypertensive disorder of pregnancy from six Sydney metropolitan hospitals. Cross sectional analysis of baseline quantitative data, collected at 6-months postpartum from March 2019-February 2022, and qualitative data analysis from semi-structured telephone interviews, was performed. Dates of COVID-19 lockdowns for Sydney, Australia were collected from government websites. Diet (vegetable, fruit, alcohol, take away intake) and physical activity (walking, vigorous activity, strength training frequency and duration) were assessed using the self-report NSW Population Health Survey. Depression and anxiety were assessed using the Edinburgh Depression Scale and GAD-7 scale, respectively. Outcome data were compared between women who completed surveys "In Lockdown" vs. "Not in Lockdown" as well as "Prior to any Lockdown" vs. "During or Following any Lockdown". Results: Of 506 participants, 84 women completed the study surveys "In Lockdown," and 149 completed the surveys "Prior to any Lockdown." Thirty-four participants were interviewed. There were no statistically significant differences in diet, physical activity, depression and anxiety among women who completed the survey "In Lockdown" vs. "Not in Lockdown." "Prior to any Lockdown," participants were more likely to do any walking (95% vs. 89%, p = 0.017), any vigorous activity (43% vs. 30%, p = 0.006) or any strength training (44% vs. 33%, p = 0.024), spent more time doing vigorous activity (p = 0.003) and strength training (p = 0.047) and were more likely to drink alcohol at least monthly (54% vs. 38%, p < 0.001) compared with "During or Following any Lockdown." Conclusions: Our findings suggest that the confinements of lockdown did not markedly influence the mental health, diet and physical activity behaviors of women 6 months following hypertensive pregnancy. However, physical activity levels were reduced following the emergence of COVID-19, suggesting targeted efforts may be necessary to re-engage postpartum women with exercise. Trial registration: https://anzctr.org.au/Trial/Registration/TrialReview.aspx?id=376286&isReview=true, identifier: ACTRN12618002004246.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Estilo de Vida , Saúde Mental , Pandemias
8.
Anal Biochem ; : 114996, 2022 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36427556

RESUMO

Sleep debt (SD) is one of the important triggers for causing not only physiological and mental illness but also dangerous work. Therefore, achieving an early and objective assessment of SD is of great significance in the precaution against SD-related diseases and unsafe work. Here, an ultrasensitive electrochemical immunosensor was constructed for analysis of SD biomarker amyloid-ß (Aß). The gold nanoparticles/chitosan-coated polyaniline-functionalized activated carbon (AuNPs/AC@PANI@CS) composites were employed as the sensing platforms. Since PANI and AC can form an effective conductive path, it can effectively enhance the penetration of electrolytes on the electrode surface and the rapid transport of charges and ions, significantly enhancing the electrochemical response signal of the immunosensor. Under the optimized experimental conditions, the fabricated immunosensor had a wide linear range of 1.95 pg mL-1 to 1000.00 pg mL-1, with a low detection limit of 0.014 pg mL-1. This study not only provides an effective method for the accurate and rapid detection of Aß, but also offers a novel evaluation strategy for the objective assessment of SD and the study of related pathological mechanisms.

9.
Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat ; 18: 2649-2659, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36387946

RESUMO

Purpose: To investigate cerebral blood flow (CBF) characteristics in individuals with generalized tonic‒clonic seizures (GTCS) during the interictal phase using voxel-based analysis of 3D pseudocontinuous arterial spin labeling (PCASL). Patients and Methods: Patients with GTCS (GTCS group) (during the interictal period) and healthy volunteers (control group) underwent head MR imaging with a 3.0T MR scanner with a 3D PCASL sequence. CBF was compared between the two groups. Spearman correlations of CBF in regions of interest (ROIs) in GTCS patients with the duration of disease and age of onset were analyzed and corrected using the false discovery rate (FDR). Results: Twenty patients with GTCS (GTCS group) and twenty healthy volunteers (control group) were recruited for this study. On 3D PCASL, (1) GTCS patients had lower CBF in the brainstem, right cerebellum, right inferior temporal gyrus, parahippocampal gyrus, superior frontal gyrus, middle frontal gyrus, triangular part of inferior frontal gyrus, left temporal pole of superior temporal gyrus and thalamus and had higher CBF in the bilateral superior parietal gyri, precuneus, precentral gyri, postcentral gyri, and left dorsolateral superior frontal gyrus than controls. (2) The CBF of the right temporal pole of the middle temporal gyrus was negatively correlated with the duration of disease (PFDRcorrected<0.05), with a correlation coefficient r of -0.7333 and a PFDRcorrected value of 0.04. Conclusion: Voxel-based analysis of 3D PCASL imaging can be used to sensitively detect brain perfusion differences in GTCS patients. The decrease in CBF in the right temporal pole of the middle temporal gyrus may be associated with disease onset. These findings may offer new perspectives on the pathogenesis of GTCS and the underlying pathophysiological changes associated with perfusion.

10.
Front Physiol ; 13: 1035726, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36388117

RESUMO

Pre-eclampsia (PE) is a type of hypertensive disorder during pregnancy, which is a serious threat to the life of mother and fetus. It is a placenta-derived disease that results in placental damage and necrosis due to systemic small vessel spasms that cause pathological changes such as ischemia and hypoxia and oxidative stress, which leads to fetal and maternal damage. In this study, four types of risk factors, namely, clinical epidemiology, hemodynamics, basic biochemistry, and biomarkers, were used for the initial selection of model parameters related to PE, and factors that were easily available and clinically recognized as being associated with a higher risk of PE were selected based on hospital medical record data. The model parameters were then further analyzed and screened in two subgroups: early-onset pre-eclampsia (EOPE) and late-onset pre-eclampsia (LOPE). Dynamic gestational week prediction model for PE using decision tree ID3 algorithm in machine learning. Performance of the model was: macro average (precision = 76%, recall = 73%, F1-score = 75%), weighted average (precision = 88%, recall = 89%, F1-score = 89%) and overall accuracy is 86%. In this study, the addition of the dynamic timeline parameter "gestational week" made the model more convenient for clinical application and achieved effective PE subgroup prediction.

11.
Cell Mol Biol Lett ; 27(1): 101, 2022 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36418936

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: RNA N6-methyladenosine (m6A) is involved in mammalian spermatogenesis. In both germ cells and Leydig cells, ALKBH5 regulates spermatogenesis and androgen synthesis in an m6A-dependent manner. However, it is unclear whether ALKBH5 plays a role in testicular Sertoli cells, which constitute the blood-testis barrier (BTB) through cell junctions between adjacent Sertoli cells. METHODS: ALKBH5 expression in the testes of humans and mice was detected by immunohistochemical staining and immunofluorescence staining. BTB integrity was evaluated by BTB assay. m6A-seq was performed to screen for BTB-related molecules regulated by ALKBH5. m6A immunoprecipitation-quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR), RNA immunoprecipitation-qPCR, western blot, coimmunoprecipitation, and polysome fractionation-qPCR analyses were performed to explore the mechanisms of ALKBH5 in BTB. Transmission electron microscopy was applied to observe the BTB ultrastructure. RESULTS: ALKBH5 in Sertoli cells is related to the integrity of the BTB. Subsequently, the m6A level on Cdh2 mRNA, encoding a structural protein N-cadherin in the BTB, was found to be regulated by ALKBH5. IGF2BP1/2/3 complexes and YTHDF1 promoted Cdh2 mRNA translation. In addition, we found that basal endoplasmic specialization, in which N-cadherin is a main structural protein, was severely disordered in the testes of Alkbh5-knockout mice. CONCLUSIONS: Our study revealed that ALKBH5 regulates BTB integrity via basal endoplasmic specialization by affecting Cdh2 mRNA translation.


Assuntos
Barreira Hematotesticular , Células de Sertoli , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Animais , Barreira Hematotesticular/metabolismo , Células de Sertoli/metabolismo , Biossíntese de Proteínas , Caderinas/genética , Caderinas/metabolismo , Camundongos Knockout , RNA/metabolismo , Mamíferos , Antígenos CD/metabolismo , Homólogo AlkB 5 da RNA Desmetilase/metabolismo
13.
ACS Sens ; 2022 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36417704

RESUMO

Light activation is an effective method to improve sensor performance at room temperature (RT). This work realized the effective detection of trace-level NO2 at RT under visible light by combining ZnO with the excellent photocatalyst BiOI. A 1.5 atom % BiOI-ZnO-based sensor under 520 nm light exhibited optimal sensing properties with the maximum responses (13.9 to 1 ppm NO2), fast response/recovery time (66 s/47 s to 1 ppm), and a low detection limit of 25 ppb (theoretically 0.34 ppb). In the meantime, the sensor also possessed excellent selectivity, repeatability, and stability. The excellent properties were attributed to the high concentration of oxygen vacancies and the prolonged lifetime of photogenerated carriers. In addition, the observed photovoltaic effect of the sensor at RT indicated that the sensor held application prospects in the photovoltaic self-power field.

14.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 156: 113931, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36411620

RESUMO

Hepatic fibrosis is a chronic inflammatory process with hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) activation. Peroxiredoxin 6 (PRDX6), a multifunctional protein, was reported to protect against liver injury induced by ischemia/reperfusion and high-fat diet. However, the effect of PRDX6 on hepatic fibrosis remains unclear. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were treated with carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) for 4-8 weeks to induce hepatic fibrosis. Here, we found that PRDX6 was mainly expressed in hepatocytes and significantly upregulated in CCl4-induced liver fibrosis. To clarify the impact of PRDX6 in hepatic fibrosis, we constructed a PRDX6 knockout (PRDX6-/-) rat model by using CRISPR/Cas9 method. We found that PRDX6 deficiency accelerated CCl4-induced liver fibrosis. Furthermore, we found that PRDX6 knockout promoted α-SMA expression in normal and fibrotic conditions, especially in hepatic fibrosis. PRDX6 knockout significantly upregulated Col1α1 and Col3α1 in fibrotic tissues. To explore the underlying mechanisms, we identified mesencephalic astrocyte-derived neurotrophic factor (MANF), a suppressor for hepatic fibrosis and NF-κB pathway, as an interacting protein of PRDX6. PRDX6 promoted MANF secretion by binding to the C-terminus of MANF, which did not depend on its peroxidase and PLA2 activities. Similarly, MANF increased PRDX6 protein level and promoted its secretion. Additionally, PRDX6 knockout increased p65 level either in cytoplasm or nuclei in HSCs under fibrotic condition. In conclusion, PRDX6 is an effective inhibitor for hepatic fibrosis through a non-enzymic dependent interacting with MANF, which will offer a potential target for hepatic fibrosis therapy.


Assuntos
Células Estreladas do Fígado , Peroxirredoxina VI , Ratos , Masculino , Animais , Células Estreladas do Fígado/metabolismo , Peroxirredoxina VI/genética , Peroxirredoxina VI/farmacologia , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Fibrose , Cirrose Hepática/metabolismo , Fatores de Crescimento Neural/genética , Fatores de Crescimento Neural/metabolismo
15.
Biomolecules ; 12(11)2022 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36358916

RESUMO

LHON is a common blinding inherited optic neuropathy caused by mutations in mitochondrial genes. In this study, by using skin fibroblasts derived from LHON patients with the most common m.G11778A mutation and healthy objects, we performed proteomic analysis to document changes in molecular proteins, signaling pathways and cellular activities. Furthermore, the results were confirmed by functional studies. A total of 860 differential expression proteins were identified, containing 624 upregulated and 236 downregulated proteins. Bioinformatics analysis revealed increased glycolysis in LHON fibroblasts. A glycolysis stress test showed that ECAR (extra-cellular acidification rate) values increased, indicating an enhanced level of glycolysis in LHON fibroblasts. Downregulated proteins were mainly enriched in oxidoreductase activity. Cellular experiments verified high levels of ROS in LHON fibroblasts, indicating the presence of oxidative damage. KEGG analysis also showed the metabolic disturbance of fatty acid in LHON cells. This study provided a proteomic profile of skin fibroblasts derived from LHON patients bearing m.G11778A. Increased levels of glycolysis, decreased oxidoreductase activity and fatty acid metabolism could represent the in-depth mechanisms of mitochondrial dysfunction mediated by the mutation. The results provided further evidence that LHON fibroblast could be an alternative model for investigating the devastating disease.


Assuntos
Atrofia Óptica Hereditária de Leber , Humanos , Atrofia Óptica Hereditária de Leber/genética , Atrofia Óptica Hereditária de Leber/metabolismo , DNA Mitocondrial/genética , Proteômica , Oxirredutases/metabolismo , Mutação , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Glicólise , Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo
16.
Entropy (Basel) ; 24(11)2022 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36359698

RESUMO

In the context of the COVID-19 global epidemic, it is particularly important to use limited medical resources to improve the systemic control of infectious diseases. There is a situation where a shortage of medical resources and an uneven distribution of resources in China exist. Therefore, it is important to have an accurate understanding of the current status of the healthcare system in China and to improve the efficiency of their infectious disease control methods. In this study, the MP-SBM-Shannon entropy model (modified panel slacks-based measure Shannon entropy model) was proposed and applied to measure the disposal efficiency of the medical institutions responding to public health emergencies (disposal efficiency) in China from 2012 to 2018. First, a P-SBM (panel slacks-based measure) model, with undesirable outputs based on panel data, is given in this paper. This model measures the efficiency of all DMUs based on the same technical frontier and can be used for the dynamic efficiency analysis of panel data. Then, the MP-SBM model is applied to solve the specific efficiency paradox of the P-SBM model caused by the objective data structure. Finally, based on the MP-SBM model, undesirable outputs are considered in the original efficiency matrix alignment combination for the deficiencies of the existing Shannon entropy-DEA model. The comparative analysis shows that the MP-SBM-Shannon model not only solves the problem of the efficiency paradox of the P-SBM model but also improves the MP-SBM model identification ability and provides a complete ranking with certain advantages. The results of the study show that the disposal efficiency of the medical institutions responding to public health emergencies in China shows an upward trend, but the average combined efficiency is less than 0.47. Therefore, there is still much room for improvement in the efficiency of infectious disease prevention and control in China. It is found that the staffing problem within the Center for Disease Control and the health supervision office are two stumbling blocks.

17.
World J Gastroenterol ; 28(42): 6002-6016, 2022 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36405385

RESUMO

Gastrointestinal cancer (GIC) has high morbidity and mortality as one of the main causes of cancer death. Preoperative risk stratification is critical to guide patient management, but traditional imaging studies have difficulty predicting its biological behavior. The emerging field of radiomics allows the conversion of potential pathophysiological information in existing medical images that cannot be visually recognized into high-dimensional quantitative image features. Tumor lesion characterization, therapeutic response evaluation, and survival prediction can be achieved by analyzing the relationships between these features and clinical and genetic data. In recent years, the clinical application of radiomics to GIC has increased dramatically. In this editorial, we describe the latest progress in the application of radiomics to GIC and discuss the value of its potential clinical applications, as well as its limitations and future directions.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gastrointestinais , Humanos , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/terapia , Diagnóstico por Imagem
18.
Front Genet ; 13: 1036402, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36353107

RESUMO

To investigate the potential relationship between Ikaros family genes and skin cutaneous melanoma (SKCM), we undertook a pan-cancer analysis of the transcriptional signature and clinical data of melanoma through multiple databases. First, 10,327 transcriptomic samples from different cancers were included to determine the overall characteristics and clinical prognoses associated with Ikaros gene expression across cancer types. Second, differentially expressed genes analysis, prognostic evaluation, and gene set enrichment analysis were employed to investigate the role of Ikaros (IKZF) genes in SKCM. Third, we evaluated the relationship between Ikaros family genes and SKCM immune infiltrates and verified the findings using the GEO single-cell sequencing dataset. The results show that Ikaros genes were widely expressed among different cancer types with independently similar patterns as follows: 1. IKZF1 and IKZF3, and 2. IKZF2 and IKZF4-5. IKZF2 and IKZF5 were downregulated in the primary tumor, and IKZF1-3 expression decreased significantly as the T-stage or metastasis increased in SKCM. Moreover, high IKZF1-3 expression was associated with better overall survival, disease-specific survival, and progression-free interval. IKZF3 is an independent prognostic factor of SKCM. Among Ikaros genes, the expression of IKZF1 and IKZF3 positively correlated with the infiltration level of CD4+ T cells and CD8+ T cells, B cells, and Tregs in SKCM and negatively correlated with the infiltration level of M0 and M1 macrophages. Moreover, single-cell sequencing data analysis revealed that IKZF1 and IKZF3 were mainly expressed by immune cells. Correlation analysis shows the immune factors and drug responses associated with IKZF3 expression. In conclusion, the present study is the first, to our knowledge, to identify a pan-cancer genomic signature of the Ikaros gene family among different cancers. Expression of these family members, particularly high levels of IKZF3, indicate positive immunological status and beneficial clinical outcomes of SKCM. IKZF3 may therefore serve as potential targets for immunotherapy of melanoma.

19.
Gland Surg ; 11(10): 1656-1664, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36353594

RESUMO

Background: Most patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma have a good prognosis. Excessive resection of thyroid and cervical lymph nodes is an important reason for affecting the quality of life of patients after surgery. Intraoperative rapid frozen pathological examination is an important step in the development of a surgical plan for thyroid cancer (especially micropapillary carcinoma); however, whether it affects the treatment outcome remains unclear. Methods: The clinicopathological data of papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC) patients who underwent surgery in our center from 1 January 2021 to 31 December 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients with unilateral low-risk PTMC who underwent radical surgery were selected as the main research subjects. The negative results of intraoperative frozen section of the central lymph node (CLN) of the affected side were the experimental group, and the positive results were the control group. Subjects with lesions larger than 10 mm and those who did not undergo intraoperative frozen section pathological examination were excluded. After excluding other risk factors for recurrence, we calculated the proportion of patients requiring radioactive iodine (RAI) treatment among those with metastases detected by intraoperative rapid frozen section pathology and its influencing factors. Patient data were analysed using SPSS version 20. Continuous variables were presented as means when symmetrical or as medians and ranges when asymmetrical. Categorical variables were presented as proportions. A P value <0.05 was considered significant. Results: A total of 564 PTMC patients were included, among whom 122 patients (21.6%) underwent total thyroidectomy due to the presence of metastases in the ipsilateral CLNs. Compared with the experimental group, the patients with male, young age and tumor located in the middle and lower pole in the control group had higher lymph node metastasis (P<0.05). Conclusions: The proportion of patients requiring postoperative RAI treatment for unilateral low-risk PTMC is relatively low, and the possibility that an intraoperative frozen pathological finding will change the treatment outcome is low. However, the need for postoperative RAI therapy notably increases when the intraoperative frozen pathological analysis reveals ipsilateral CLN metastases, especially in males, younger patients, and/or patients with lesions located in the middle and lower poles.

20.
Cancer ; 2022 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36367438

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study examined associations of device-measured physical activity and sedentary time with quality of life (QOL) and fatigue in newly diagnosed breast cancer patients in the Alberta Moving Beyond Breast Cancer (AMBER) cohort study. METHODS: After diagnosis, 1409 participants completed the SF-36 version 2 and the Fatigue Scale, wore an ActiGraph device on their right hip to measure physical activity, and an activPAL device on their thigh to measure sedentary time (sitting/lying) and steps. ActiGraph data was analyzed using a hybrid machine learning method (R Sojourn package, Soj3x) and activPAL data were analyzed using activPAL algorithms (PAL Software version 8). Quantile regression was used to examine cross-sectional associations of QOL and fatigue with steps, physical activity, and sedentary hours at the 25th, 50th, and 75th percentiles of the QOL and fatigue distributions. RESULTS: Total daily moderate and vigorous physical activity (MVPA) hours was positively associated with better physical QOL at the 25th (ß = 2.14, p = <.001), 50th (ß = 1.98, p = <.001), and 75th percentiles (ß = 1.25, p = .003); better mental QOL at the 25th (ß = 1.73, p = .05) and 50th percentiles (ß = 1.07, p = .03); and less fatigue at the 25th (ß = 4.44, p < .001), 50th (ß = 3.08, p = <.001), and 75th percentiles (ß = 1.51, p = <.001). Similar patterns of associations were observed for daily steps. Total sedentary hours was associated with worse fatigue at the 25th (ß = -0.58, p = .05), 50th (ß = -0.39, p = .06), and 75th percentiles (ß = -0.24, p = .02). Sedentary hours were not associated with physical or mental QOL. CONCLUSIONS: MVPA and steps were associated with better physical and mental QOL and less fatigue in newly diagnosed breast cancer patients. Higher sedentary time was associated with greater fatigue symptoms.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...