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1.
Clin Transl Sci ; 2021 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34859601

RESUMO

Rivaroxaban is an oral anticoagulant that inhibits thrombin and blocks coagulation cascade through directly inactivating factors Xa. Despite rivaroxaban is widely used for prevention and treatment of venous thrombosis, and its common adverse reactions have been reported, including abnormal coagulation, mucosal hemorrhage, hematuria and intracranial hemorrhage. To explore potential drivers of individual differences in adverse reactions induced by rivaroxaban, we performed whole-exome sequencing and found that AKR7A3 rs1738023/rs1738025 and ABCA6 rs7212506 are susceptible sites for rivaroxaban-related bleeding in aged patients treated with rivaroxaban. Gene functional annotation and signaling pathway enrichment indicated that homozygous mutations in AKR7A3 and ABCA6 might alter normal rivaroxaban transport and metabolism, and lead to continuous accumulation of activated drugs and toxic substances in vivo. Our results suggested that inter-individual differences in bleeding events induced by rivaroxaban may be potentially driven by genetic alterations related to abnormal metabolism and transport of rivaroxaban.

2.
Microb Pathog ; 161(Pt A): 105276, 2021 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34728371

RESUMO

Potato scab caused by pathogenic Streptomyces is a serious soil-borne disease on potato. In this study, a new Streptomyces strain 5A-1 was isolated from potato samples in China. Based on morphological characteristics, 16S rDNA gene sequence analyses, it was identified as Streptomyces griseoplanus (Streptacidiphilus griseoplanus), pathogenicity of which was measured by the methods of small potato chips, radish slices and potato pot trial inoculation. Moreover, the pathogenic genes txtAB and tomA from the Streptomyces pathogenicity island (PAI) were detected. Determination of biological characteristics showed that the optimal temperature for the growth of S. griseoplanus strain 5A-1 was 25 °C, the optimal light condition was darkness, the optimal pH value was 8.5 and the most preferred carbon source and nitrogen source is glucose and aspartate, respectively. To our knowledge, it is the first report for S. griseoplanus, as a new pathogen, to cause potato scab.

3.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(6): 917-922, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34841754

RESUMO

Research and development of artificial biliary substitutes is an indispensable part of modern biliary surgery, bearing great clinical significance on the recovery of the normal functions of the biliary system. The implantation of artificial biliary substitutes may cause the blockage or stenosis of the biliary duct at the transplantation site, which is the most urgent problem in the research of artificial biliary substitutes. The fundamental cause of the problem is tissue hyperplasia caused by chronic inflammatory stimulation of artificial biliary substitutes. The regeneration of new bile duct tissue at the transplantation site can provide a solution to this problem. By looking at the literature from China and abroad, this paper reviewed the research and development of non-degradable artificial bile duct, degradable artificial bile duct and tissue-engineered artificial bile duct in order to provide reference for the further development of biliary replacements. Future studies should focus on the rapid formation of biliary epithelial layer on the tissue-engineered artificial biliary wall, the promotion of new biliary tissue formation, and the regulation of the degradation performance and mechanical properties of artificial biliary duct in order to fundamentally solve the problems encountered in the research of artificial biliary substitutes and accelerate the development of artificial biliary duct.


Assuntos
Ductos Biliares , Engenharia Tecidual , China , Constrição Patológica , Humanos
4.
Conscious Cogn ; 96: 103227, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34749155

RESUMO

We used the virtual hand illusion paradigm to investigate the effect of physical load on perceived agency and body ownership. Participants pulled a resistance band that required exerting a force of 1 N, 10 N, or 20 N while operating a virtual hand that moved in synchronous or out of sync with their own hand. Explicit agency and ownership ratings were obtained, in addition to intentional binding and skin conductance as implicit measures of agency and ownership. Physical load increased perceived subjective load but showed no main effect, while synchrony effects were found on all agency and ownership measures. Interestingly, load did interact with synchrony in implicit agency and explicit ownership, by reducing and eliminating synchrony effects as movement synchrony was reduced with higher physical load. Furthermore, consistent with previous claims, implicit agency increased with perceived effort associated with higher physical load.

5.
Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol ; 253: 109248, 2021 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34826614

RESUMO

With the intensification of water eutrophication around the world, cyanobacterial blooms have been becoming a common environmental pollution problem. The levels of microcystin-LR (MC-LR) and nitrite rise sharply during the cyanobacterial bloom period, which may have potential joint toxicity on aquatic organisms. In this study, adult male zebrafish were immersed into different joint solutions of MC-LR (0, 3, 30 µg/L) and nitrite (0, 2, 20 mg/L) for 30 days to explore the neurotoxic effects and underlying mechanisms. The results showed that single factor MC-LR or nitrite caused a concentration-dependent damage in brain ultrastructure and the effects of their joint exposure were much more intense. Downregulated expression of mbp and bdnf associated with myelination of nerve fibers further confirmed that MC-LR and nitrite could damage the structure and function of neuron. The decreases in dopamine content, acetylcholinesterase activity and related gene mRNA levels indicated that MC-LR and nitrite adversely affected the normal function of the dopaminergic and cholinergic systems in zebrafish brain. In addition, the significant increase in malondialdehyde content suggested the occurrence of oxidative stress caused by MC-LR, nitrite and their joint-exposure, which paralleled a significant decrease in antioxidant enzyme­manganese superoxide dismutase activity and its transcription level. In conclusion, MC-LR + Nitrite joint-exposure has synergistic neurotoxic effects on the structure and neurotransmitter systems of fish brain, and antioxidant capacity disruption caused by these two factors might be one of the underlying synergistic mechanisms. Therefore, there is a risk of being induced neurotoxicity in fish during sustained cyanobacterial bloom events.

6.
Mater Horiz ; 2021 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34793585

RESUMO

The traditional zeolites used in air separation are generally N2-selective adsorbents. It was found for the first time that the O2/N2 adsorption selectivity can be reversed by directly decorating the Ce metal ion sites of a traditional Y zeolite with imidazole molecules, which results in a novel O2 adsorbent. The O2/N2 selectivity changes from 0.9 to 1.6 under normal conditions, and most importantly, the O2 adsorbent is recyclable. The in situ XPS characterization results indicate that the imidazole modification can change the electronic state of Ce in the Y zeolite and increase its affinity for O2, which is confirmed by theoretical calculations. Dynamic breakthrough adsorption experiments show that the adsorbent has significant application potential in air separation.

7.
J Med Chem ; 64(21): 16213-16241, 2021 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34714078

RESUMO

Identification of low-dose, low-molecular-weight, drug-like inhibitors of protein-protein interactions (PPIs) is a challenging area of research. Despite the challenges, the therapeutic potential of PPI inhibition has driven significant efforts toward this goal. Adding to recent success in this area, we describe herein our efforts to optimize a novel purine carboxylic acid-derived inhibitor of the HDM2-p53 PPI into a series of low-projected dose inhibitors with overall favorable pharmacokinetic and physical properties. Ultimately, a strategy focused on leveraging known binding hot spots coupled with biostructural information to guide the design of conformationally constrained analogs and a focus on efficiency metrics led to the discovery of MK-4688 (compound 56), a highly potent, selective, and low-molecular-weight inhibitor suitable for clinical investigation.

8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(39): e27219, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34596119

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Cluster of differentiation 5 antigen-like (CD5L), derived from alveolar epithelial cells partly, is a secreted protein. It is shown that CD5L is associated with lung inflammation and systemic inflammatory diseases, but the relationship between CD5L and trauma-related acute lung parenchymal injury (PLI), acute lung injury or acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is unclear. This study aims to explore the value of serum CD5L levels in predicting trauma-associated PLI/ARDS and its potential clinical significance.This is a prospective observational study, and a total of 127 trauma patients were recruited from the emergency department (ED), and among them, 81 suffered from PLI/ARDS within 24 hours after trauma, and 46 suffered from trauma without PLI/ARDS. Fifty healthy subjects from the medical examination center were also recruited as controls for comparison. The serum CD5L level was measured within 24 hours of admission. The receiver operating characteristic analysis and logistic regression analysis were used to identify the correlation between high CD5L and trauma associated-PLI/ARDS within 24 hours following trauma.The trauma associated-PLI/ARDS subjects showed a significantly higher level of serum CD5L on emergency department admission within 24 hours after trauma compared with its level in non-trauma associated-PLI/ARDS subjects and healthy subjects. The initial CD5L concentration higher than 150.3 ng/mL was identified as indicating a high risk of PLI/ARDS within 24 hours following trauma (95% confidence interval: 0.674-0.878; P < .001). Moreover, CD5L was an independent risk factor for trauma associated-PLI/ARDS within 24 hours following trauma.CD5L could predict PLI/ARDS within 24 hours following trauma.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/sangue , Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose/sangue , Receptores Depuradores/sangue , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório/sangue , Ferimentos e Lesões/sangue , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/etiologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório/etiologia , Ferimentos e Lesões/complicações
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34636307

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sleep curtailment is a serious problem in many societies. Clinical evidence has shown that sleep deprivation is associated with mood dysregulation, formation of false memory, cardio-metabolic risk factors and outcomes, inflammatory disease risk, and all-cause mortality. The affective disorder dysregulation caused by insufficient sleep has become an increasingly serious health problem. However, to date, not much attention has been paid to the mild affective dysregulation caused by insufficient sleep, and there is no clear and standard therapeutic method to treat it. The Xiaoyao Pill is a classic Chinese medicinal formula, with the effect of dispersing stagnated hepatoqi, invigorating the spleen, and nourishing the blood. Therefore, it is most commonly used to treat gynecological diseases in China. In the present study, the effects of the Xiaoyao Pill on affective dysregulation of sleep-deprived mice and its underlying molecular mechanisms were investigated. METHODS: Forty adult female mice were used in the present study. The sleep deprivation model was established by improving the multi-platform water environment method. After 7 consecutive days of sleep deprivation, the mice were administrated low (LXYP, 0.32mg/kg) and high (HXYP, 0.64 mg/kg) doses of the Xiaoyao Pill for two weeks. Then, the body weight, behavioral deficits, and histopathology were evaluated. Meanwhile, the expression of c-fos protein and the concentrations of monoamine neurotransmitters in the hippocampus and prefrontal cortex were determined after two weeks of treatment. RESULTS: Xiaoyao Pill treatment significantly increased body weight and sucrose consumption and decreased the irritability scores of the sleep-deprived mice. Meanwhile, Xiaoyao Pill treatment prevented brain injury and inhibited the expression of c-fos protein in the hippocampus and prefrontal cortex. In addition, HXYP treatment significantly upregulated the levels of NE in the hippocampus and prefrontal cortex (p < 0.01). LXYP treatment significantly up-regulated the levels of 5-HT in the prefrontal cortex. Meanwhile, both HXYP and LXYP treatment significantly up-regulated the levels of DA in the prefrontal cortex (p < 0.05 or p < 0.01) of sleep-deprived mice. CONCLUSIONS: The present study demonstrates that Xiaoyao Pill treatment prevented the behavioral deficits of mice induced by sleep deprivation by promoting the recovery of brain tissue injury and up-regulating the levels of NE, 5-HT, and DA in the brain tissue.

10.
Allergy ; 2021 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34716993

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: MicroRNA (miR)-146a, as an important immune regulatory factor with an anti-inflammatory effect, plays a crucial role in regulatory T-cell (Tregs) differentiation and function in allergic rhinitis (AR). The present study aimed to investigate the regulatory mechanism employed by miR-146a to control Treg differentiation and function in AR. METHODS: Expression of miR-146a and STAT5b in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and nasal mucosa from patients with AR was detected by qPCR and Western blotting. Tregs were quantified by flow cytometry in miR-146a knockdown or STAT5b knockdown PBMCs. FOXP3, IL-10, and TGF-ß levels were detected by Western blotting or ELISA in miR-146a knockdown or STAT5b overexpressing PBMCs, as well as in STAT5b knockdown PBMCs overexpressing miR-146a. The effect of miR-146a on STAT5b was observed by luciferase assay and knockdown experiments. RESULTS: Levels of miR146a and STAT5b in the nasal mucosa or PBMCs were significantly lower in the AR group than in the control group. There were significantly fewer Tregs in miR-146a knockdown or STAT5b knockdown PBMCs compared to control PBMCs. Expression of FOXP3, IL-10, and TGF-ß was decreased in the miR-146a knockdown group but increased in the STAT5b overexpression group. In contrast, miR-146a overexpression increased the levels of these factors, but knockdown of STAT5b significantly inhibited this effect. Luciferase assay and knockdown experiments showed that miR-146a bound directly to STAT5b. CONCLUSIONS: miR-146a enhances Treg differentiation and function in AR by positively targeting STAT5b.

11.
J Hematol Oncol ; 14(1): 178, 2021 10 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34715882

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are considered as the major cause to tumor initiation, recurrence, metastasis, and drug resistance, driving poor clinical outcomes in patients. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have emerged as crucial regulators in cancer development and progression. However, limited lncRNAs involved in CSCs have been reported. METHODS: The novel lncROPM (a regulator of phospholipid metabolism) in breast CSCs (BCSCs) was identified by microarray and validated by qRT-PCR in BCSCs from breast cancer cells and tissues. The clinical significance of lncROPM was evaluated in two breast cancer cohorts and TANRIC database (TCGA-BRCA, RNAseq data). Gain- and loss-of-function assays were performed to examine the role of lncROPM on BCSCs both in vitro and in vivo. The regulatory mechanism of lncROPM was investigated by bioinformatics, RNA FISH, RNA pull-down, luciferase reporter assay, and actinomycin D treatment. PLA2G16-mediated phospholipid metabolism was determined by UHPLC-QTOFMS system. Cells' chemosensitivity was assessed by CCK8 assay. RESULTS: LncROPM is highly expressed in BCSCs. The enhanced lncROPM exists in clinic breast tumors and other solid tumors and positively correlates with malignant grade/stage and poor prognosis in breast cancer patients. Gain- and loss-of-function studies show that lncROPM is required for the maintenance of BCSCs properties both in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistically, lncROPM regulates PLA2G16 expression by directly binding to 3'-UTR of PLA2G16 to increase the mRNA stability. The increased PLA2G16 significantly promotes phospholipid metabolism and the production of free fatty acid, especially arachidonic acid in BCSCs, thereby activating PI3K/AKT, Wnt/ß-catenin, and Hippo/YAP signaling, thus eventually involving in the maintenance of BCSCs stemness. Importantly, lncROPM and PLA2G16 notably contribute to BCSCs chemo-resistance. Administration of BCSCs using clinic therapeutic drugs such as doxorubicin, cisplatin, or tamoxifen combined with Giripladib (an inhibitor of cytoplasmic phospholipase A2) can efficiently eliminate BCSCs and tumorigenesis. CONCLUSIONS: Our study highlights that lncROPM and its target PLA2G16 play crucial roles in sustaining BCSC properties and may serve as a biomarker for BCSCs or other cancer stem cells. Targeting lncROPM-PLA2G16 signaling axis may be a novel therapeutic strategy for patients with breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Mama/metabolismo , Mama/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/patologia
12.
Pathol Oncol Res ; 27: 1609852, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34566519

RESUMO

Introduction: Gastric cancer is one of the most common cancers. Although some progress has been made in the treatment of gastric cancer with the improvement of surgical methods and the application of immunotherapy, the prognosis of gastric cancer patients is still unsatisfactory. In recent years, there has been increasing evidence that tumor mutational load (TMB) is strongly associated with survival outcomes and response to immunotherapy. Given the variable response of patients to immunotherapy, it is important to investigate clinical significance of TMB and explore appropriate biomarkers of prognosis in patients with gastric cancer (GC). Material and Methods: All data of patients with gastric cancer were obtained from the database of The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). Samples were divided into two groups based on median TMB. Differently expressed genes (DEGs) between the high- and low-TMB groups were identified and further analyzed. We identified TMB-related genes using Lasso, univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis and validated the survival result of 11 hub genes using Kaplan-Meier Plotter. In addition, "CIBERSORT" package was utilized to estimate the immune infiltration. Results: Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), C > T transition were the most common variant type and single nucleotide variant (SNV), respectively. Patients in the high-TMB group had better survival outcomes than those in the low-TMB group. Besides, eleven TMB-related DEGs were utilized to construct a prognostic model that could be an independent risk factor to predict the prognosis of patients with GC. What's more, the infiltration levels of CD4+ memory-activated T cells, M0 and M1 macrophages were significantly increased in the high-TMB group compared with the low-TMB group. Conclusions: Herein, we found that patients with high TMB had better survival outcomes in GC. In addition, higher TMB might promote immune infiltration, which could provide new ideas for immunotherapy.

13.
Phys Rev E ; 104(2-1): 024118, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34525530

RESUMO

By using extensive tensor network calculations, we map out the phase diagram of the frustrated J_{1}-J_{2} Ising model on the square lattice. In particular, we focus on the cases with controversy in the phase diagram, especially the stripe transition in the regime g=|J_{2}/J_{1}|>1/2 (J_{2}>0,J_{1}<0). While recent studies claimed that the phase transition is of first order when 1/2

14.
J Extracell Vesicles ; 10(11): e12146, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34545708

RESUMO

Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) as a predominant cell component in the tumour microenvironment (TME) play an essential role in tumour progression. Our earlier studies revealed oxidized ATM activation in breast CAFs, which is independent of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs). Oxidized ATM has been found to serve as a redox sensor to maintain cellular redox homeostasis. However, whether and how oxidized ATM in breast CAFs regulates breast cancer progression remains poorly understood. In this study, we found that oxidized ATM phosphorylates BNIP3 to induce autophagosome accumulation and exosome release from hypoxic breast CAFs. Inhibition of oxidized ATM kinase by KU60019 (a small-molecule inhibitor of activated ATM) or shRNA-mediated knockdown of endogenous ATM or BNIP3 blocks autophagy and exosome release from hypoxic CAFs. We also show that oxidized ATM phosphorylates ATP6V1G1, a core proton pump in maintaining lysosomal acidification, leading to lysosomal dysfunction and autophagosome fusion with multi-vesicular bodies (MVB) but not lysosomes to facilitate exosome release. Furthermore, autophagy-associated GPR64 is enriched in hypoxic CAFs-derived exosomes, which stimulates the non-canonical NF-κB signalling to upregulate MMP9 and IL-8 in recipient breast cancer cells, enabling cancer cells to acquire enhanced invasive abilities. Collectively, these results provide novel insights into the role of stromal CAFs in promoting tumour progression and reveal a new function of oxidized ATM in regulating autophagy and exosome release.

15.
Environ Pollut ; 290: 118052, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34479164

RESUMO

In the transportation sector, the share of biofuels such as biodiesel is increasing and it is known that such fuels significantly affect NOx emissions. In addition to NOx emission from diesel engines, which is a significant challenge to vehicle manufacturers in the most recent emissions regulation (Euro 6.2), this study investigates NO2 which is a toxic emission that is currently unregulated but is a focus to be regulated in the next regulation (Euro 7). This manuscript studies how the increasing share of biofuels affects the NO2, NOx, and NO2/NOx ratio during cold-start (in which the after-treatment systems are not well-effective and mostly happens in urban areas). Using a turbocharged cummins diesel engine (with common-rail system) fueled with diesel and biofuel derived from coconut (10 and 20% blending ratio), this study divides the engine warm-up period into 7 stages and investigates official cold- and hot-operation periods in addition to some intermediate stages that are not defined as cold in the regulation and also cannot be considered as hot-operation. Engine coolant, lubricating oil and exhaust temperatures, injection timing, cylinder pressure, and rate of heat release data were used to explain the observed trends. Results showed that cold-operation NOx, NO2, and NO2/NOx ratio were 31-60%, 1.14-2.42 times, and 3-8% higher than the hot-operation, respectively. In most stages, NO2 and the NO2/NOx ratio with diesel had the lowest value and they increased with an increase of biofuel in the blend. An injection strategy change significantly shifted the in-cylinder pressure and heat release diagrams, aligned with the sudden NOx drop during the engine warm-up. The adverse effect of cold-operation on NOx emissions increased with increasing biofuel share.


Assuntos
Biocombustíveis , Gasolina , Temperatura Baixa , Dióxido de Nitrogênio , Emissões de Veículos
16.
J Fish Biol ; 2021 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34418098

RESUMO

Glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4) is comprehensively investigated in mammals, while the comparative research of GLUT4 in common carp is deficient. To investigate the function of GLUT4, carp glut4 was first isolated. The open reading frame of carp glut4 was 1518 bp in length, encoding 505 amino acids. A high-sequence homology was identified in carp and teleost, and the phylogenetic tree displayed that the carp GLUT4 was clustered with the teleost. A high level of glut4 mRNA was analysed in fat, red muscle and white muscle. After fasting treatment, glut4 mRNA expression was increased significantly in muscle. In the oral glucose tolerance test experiment, glut4 mRNA was also significantly elevated in muscle, gut and fat. Furthermore, intraperitoneal injection of insulin resulted in the upregulation of glut4 gene expression significantly in white muscle, gut and fat. On the contrary, the glut4 mRNA level in the white muscle, gut and fat was markedly downregulated after glucagon injection. These results suggest that GLUT4 might play important roles in food intake and could be regulated by nutrient condition, insulin and glucagon in common carp. Our study is the first to report on GLUT4 in common carp. These data provide a basis for further study on fish GLUT4.

17.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(35): 41600-41608, 2021 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34455785

RESUMO

The separation of xylene isomers is one of the most challenging issues in the chemical industry because of the similarity of their boiling points and kinetic diameters. This study focuses on the use of pillar-layer MOF-Co(aip)(bpy)0.5 for adsorption and separation of xylene isomers. It was found that Co(aip)(bpy)0.5 exhibited a significant para-selectivity in liquid-phase competitive adsorption of xylene isomers, and the competitive separation factors reached as high as 30 for p-xylene versus m-xylene and 16 for p-xylene versus o-xylene. Desorption experiments further confirmed the preferential adsorption of p-xylene on the adsorbent. Molecular simulations and calculations revealed that the order of interaction strengths for xylene molecules and the adsorbent framework was p-xylene ≫ o-xylene ≈ m-xylene, which illustrated the selective adsorption phenomena arising from the mechanism for microscopic interactions. This work broadens the application of pillar-layer MOF materials in the field of xylene isomer adsorption and separation.

18.
J Phys Condens Matter ; 33(47)2021 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34438384

RESUMO

We study the entanglement properties of non-Hermitian free fermionic models with translation symmetry using the correlation matrix technique. Our results show that the entanglement entropy has a logarithmic correction to the area law in both one-dimensional and two-dimensional systems. For any one-dimensional one-band system, we prove that each Fermi point of the system contributes exactly 1/2 to the coefficientcof the logarithmic correction. Moreover, this relation betweencand Fermi point is verified for more general one-dimensional and two-dimensional cases by numerical calculations and finite-size scaling analysis. In addition, we also study the single-particle and density-density correlation functions.

19.
Environ Int ; 157: 106824, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34411760

RESUMO

Hexafluoropropylene oxide dimer and trimer acids (HFPO-DA and HFPO-TA) are used as alternatives to legacy perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA); however, little is known about their human exposure risks. In this study, the concentrations of PFOA and HFPO were measured in major human exposure matrices and human bio-samples of local residents near a mega fluorochemical industrial park in Shandong, China, to characterize their external and internal exposures. Although HFPO-DA was detected in drinking water and indoor dust, it exhibited a considerably low bioaccumulation potential in animal-origin food and human samples (urine, hair, and serum), implying that it might be a benign alternative to PFOA. Although the estimated daily intake (EDI) of HFPO-TA was comparable to that of PFOA, its concentration in urine was higher than that of PFOA, implying that it might be eliminated faster than PFOA. A simple one-compartment pharmacokinetic model was applied to estimate the serum concentrations of the target compounds and subsequently compare them with the measured concentrations. The predicted concentration of PFOA in serum based on its concentration in urine and half-life was close to the measured value, confirming the distinct internal exposure of PFOA in the local residents. However, the measured concentrations of HFPO in serum were considerably lower than those predicted from the external EDI and urine concentrations, implying that they were eliminated faster than expected in humans. Various perfluoroalkyl substances were detected in human hair, and their compositions were similar to those in human serum, suggesting that hair is a good non-invasive indicator for long-term exposure to legacy long-chain perfluoroalkyl carboxylic acids and HFPOs. This study provided valuable information about the human exposure to legacy PFOA and HFPOs in highly impacted areas near point sources and necessitates studies on the toxicokinetics of HFPOs.


Assuntos
Ácidos Alcanossulfônicos , Água Potável , Fluorcarbonetos , Animais , Caprilatos/análise , China , Poeira , Fluorcarbonetos/análise , Humanos
20.
Exp Cell Res ; 407(1): 112789, 2021 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34418458

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Glycolysis reprogramming is deeply involved in the progression of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), in which HCC cells with stemness traits play important roles as well. Thus, whether platelet isoform of phosphofructokinase 1 (PFKP), a rate-limiting enzyme in glycolysis, contributes to the maintenance of stemness of HCC cells is worth investigation. METHODS: PFKP levels were compared between human hepatocellular carcinoma and adjacent normal tissues by Western blotting and immunohistochemistry. The relationship between PFKP expression and clinic pathological features was also analyzed. Furthermore, the colony formation capabilities and the levels of stemness markers (ALDH1, CD44, CD133, Sox-2) as well as ß-catenin were compared between HCC cells either undergoing PFKP silencing or overexpression. RESULTS: PFKP levels were higher in HCC as compared to normal hepatic tissues. Silencing PFKP decreased HCC proliferation, colony formation capabilities, and levels of stemness markers and ß-catenin; whereas overexpressing PFKP demonstrated the opposite effects. CONCLUSION: PFKP promoted HCC proliferation and contributed to the maintenance of HCC stemness. Silencing PFKP could restrain the stemness of HCC, suggesting that PFKP may be a potential therapeutic target for HCC treatment.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/metabolismo , Fosfofrutoquinase-1 Tipo C/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/fisiologia , Glicólise/fisiologia , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia
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