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1.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1180: 267-276, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31784968

RESUMO

The advances in the Internet and related technologies may lead to changes in professional roles of psychiatrists and psychotherapists. The application of artificial intelligence (AI) and electronic measurement-based care (eMBC) in the treatment of depressive disorder has addressed more interest. AI could play a role in population health management and patient administration as well as assist physicians to make a decision in the real-world clinical practice. The eMBC strengthens MBC through web/mobile devices and telephone consulting services, to monitor disease progression, and customizes the MBC interface in electronic medical record systems (EMRs).


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Transtorno Depressivo/terapia , Internet , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde , Humanos
2.
Mol Biol Rep ; 2019 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31784857

RESUMO

Juvenile hormone (JH) plays a pivotal role in insect reproduction. The Krüppel-homolog 1 (Kr-h1) is a JH-inducible zinc finger transcription factor that has also been found to play a role in insect reproduction, however, its function varies across species. In this study, we cloned SfKr-h1 from Sogatella furcifera and investigated its role in ovarian development. The open reading frame of SfKr-h1 is 1 800 bp encoding 599 amino acids. The putative amino acid sequence of SfKr-h1 contains eight putative C2H2-type zinc finger domains and is highly homologous with the Kr-h1s of other hemipteran species. Expression of SfKr-h1 peaked 96 h after adult emergence and was highest in the ovary. RNA interference (RNAi) knockdown of SfKr-h1 substantially reduced the transcription of SfVg, and arrested ovarian development. These results suggest that SfKr-h1 is critical for normal ovarian development in S. furcifera.

3.
J Clin Immunol ; 2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31686315

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 (STAT1) is a transcription factor that mediates cellular responses to interferons (IFNs) and other cytokines and growth factors in diverse cell types. STAT1 gain-of-function (GOF) mutations result in an unexpectedly wide range of clinical features. It remains unclear why STAT1 GOF mutations result in such a broad spectrum of phenotypes. METHODS: We analyzed the clinical, molecular, and phenotypic characteristics of nine Chinese patients with STAT1 GOF mutations. RESULTS: This study enrolled nine patients with STAT1 GOF mutations including five novel mutations. We discuss the molecular and phenotypic characterization such as unique Penicillium marneffei lymphadenitis. Patients with STAT1 GOF mutations had defects in both innate and adaptive immunity, including impaired T cell receptor (TCR) diversity; reduced numbers of naïve and effector memory CD4+ T cells, memory B cells, and NK cells; and defects in the production of IL-17A and IFN-γ. In addition, experiments with primary immune cells revealed that enhanced STAT1 phosphorylation resulted from not only lower rates of STAT1 dephosphorylation but also increased total STAT1 expression. CONCLUSIONS: Our report provides the first comprehensive overview of the molecular genetics, clinical heterogeneity, and underlying immunological abnormalities of patients with STAT1 GOF mutations in China. In further study, to find the relationship between different STAT1 GOF mutations and clinical phenotype as well as the mechanism of increased total STAT1 expression will be needed.

4.
Clin Lab ; 65(11)2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31710441

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Circular RNAs (circRNAs), which are expressed aberrantly in tissues and body fluids in individuals with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), may serve as promising biomarkers for diagnosis of HCC. We performed a meta-analysis of the overall diagnostic performance of circRNAs for diagnosis of HCC. METHODS: PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, and Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) were searched for eligible studies. The quality of all included literature was evaluated using the Quality Assessment for Studies of Diagnostic Accuracy 2 (QUADAS-2) checklist. Statistical analyses were conducted using STATA 12.0 and Meta-Disc 1.4 software. RESULTS: A total of 6 studies, 2 of which identified up-regulated circRNAs and 4 of which identified down-regulated circRNAs, were included in the meta-analysis. The pooled sensitivity, specificity, and area under the curve (AUC) were 0.75 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.71 - 0.78), 0.82 (95% CI: 0.78 - 0.85), and 0.90, respectively. Stratified analyses showed that the diagnostic efficacy of down-regulated circRNAs for diagnosis of HCC was inferior to that of up-regulated circRNAs (sensitivity: 0.69 vs. 0.91; specificity: 0.78 vs. 0.94; diagnostic odds ratio (DOR): 9.12 vs. 128.97; AUC: 0.83 vs. 0.99). CONCLUSIONS: Abnormally expressed circRNAs may be diagnostic indicators of HCC. Additional studies are needed to confirm whether circRNAs are diagnostic biomarkers of HCC.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31721468

RESUMO

AIM: Valuable and convenient prognostic predictors are essential for targeted therapy of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Patients with early-stage cancer and EGFR mutations who's neutrophils-to-lymphocytes rate (NLR) could be prognostic factor to evaluate efficacy. However, the prognostic role of NLR in patients receiving ALK inhibitors has not been established. Additionally, the relation between the efficacy of ALK inhibitors and derived NLR (dNLR), platelets-to-lymphocytes rate (PLR), white blood cells (WBC) and hemoglobin (HGB) are still unknown. METHODS: This is a retrospective single-center study and enrolled 113 staged IIIB-IV ALK-positive NSCLC patients who had received crizotinib treatment. Pretreatment NLR, dNLR, PLR, WBC, HGB were collected and calculated. Cox regression analysis were conducted to study the prognostic roles of NLR, dNLR, PLR, WBC, and HGB on progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). Z-test was utilized to identify the difference among all predictive factors' receiver-operating characteristics (ROC) curves. RESULTS: The median PFS and OS were 10.1 and 23.4 months. Elevated NLR, dNLR, PLR and decreased HGB were associated with worse PFS (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.078-2.304, P = 0.018; 95% CI, 1.043-2.222, P = 0.028; 95% CI, 1.257-2.757, P = 0.002; 95% CI, 0.368-0.843, P = 0.005, respectively) and OS (95% CI, 1.698-5.721, P < 0.001; 95% CI, 1.273-3.984, P = 0.005; 95% CI, 2.174-6.347, P < 0.001; 95% CI, 0.246-0.710, P = 0.001, respectively). Z-test revealed there were no significant differences between single factors or combination of them to predict the efficacy. CONCLUSIONS: Trend of NLR, dNLR, PLR and WBC could be used to identify patients progress status in ALK-positive NSCLC patients receiving crizotinib. Combination of all biomarkers is no superior to single biomarker.

6.
Cell Death Differ ; 2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31685978

RESUMO

Cancer cells reprogram their energy metabolic system from the mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) pathway to a glucose-dependent aerobic glycolysis pathway. This metabolic reprogramming phenomenon is known as the Warburg effect, a significant hallmark of cancer. However, the detailed mechanisms underlying this event or triggering this reprogramming remain largely unclear. Here, we found that histone H2B monoubiquitination (H2Bub1) negatively regulates the Warburg effect and tumorigenesis in human lung cancer cells (H1299 and A549 cell lines) likely through controlling the expression of multiple mitochondrial respiratory genes, which are essential for OXPHOS. Moreover, our work also suggested that pyruvate kinase M2 (PKM2), the rate-limiting enzyme of glycolysis, can directly interact with H2B in vivo and in vitro and negatively regulate the level of H2Bub1. The inhibition of cell proliferation and nude mice xenograft of human lung cancer cells induced by PKM2 knockdown can be partially rescued through lowering H2Bub1 levels, which indicates that the oncogenic function of PKM2 is achieved, at least partially, through the control of H2Bub1. Furthermore, PKM2 and H2Bub1 levels are negatively correlated in cancer specimens. Therefore, these findings not only provide a novel mechanism triggering the Warburg effect that is mediated through an epigenetic pathway (H2Bub1) but also reveal a novel metabolic regulator (PKM2) for the epigenetic mark H2Bub1. Thus, the PKM2-H2Bub1 axis may become a promising cancer therapeutic target.

7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(44): e17748, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31689828

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous evidence directly evaluating the efficacy and safety of abiraterone and enzalutamide treatment for castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) is limited. We aim to include more randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to comprehensively assess the efficacy and safety of abiraterone and enzalutamide treatment. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, and ClinicalTrial.gov were systematically searched. Pooled hazard ratios (HRs) were calculated using Stata 12.0 software. The comparison of the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) response rate and adverse events (AEs) between the treatment and control groups were performed using RevMan 5.3 software. RESULTS: Eight eligible RCTs with 6,490 patients were selected. Pooled HRs were 0.72 for overall survival, 0.45 for radiographic progression-free survival (rPFS), and 0.36 for PSA PFS. abiraterone and enzalutamide could significantly increase the PSA response rate OR = 8.67, 95%CI 4.42-17.04) and any AE occurrence (OR = 1.98, 95%CI 1.46-2.68). The treatment group had more occurrence of fatigue (OR = 1.34, 95%CI 1.20-1.49), back pain (OR = 1.15, 95%CI 1.01-1.15), hot flush (OR = 1.76, 95%CI 1.50-2.06), diarrhea (OR=1.22, 95%CI 1.07-2.40) and arthralgia (OR = 1.34, 95%CI 1.16-1.54). Particularly, AEs of special interest including any grade hypertension (OR = 2.06, 95%CI 1.71-2.47), hypokalemia (OR = 1.80, 95%CI 1.42-2.30) and fluid retention or edema (OR = 1.38, 95%CI 1.17-1.63) also occurred less in the control group. Moreover, a higher incidence of high-grade hypertension (OR = 2.60, 95%CI 1.79-3.79) and extremity pain (OR = 4.46, 95%CI 2.81-7.07) was observed in the treatment group. CONCLUSION: The survival benefits of abiraterone and enzalutamide for CRPC were evident and promising, while the risk of AE occurrence was also acceptably higher in the treatment group than in the placebo group.


Assuntos
Androstenos/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Feniltioidantoína/análogos & derivados , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Feniltioidantoína/uso terapêutico , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31781514

RESUMO

Introduction: Helicobacter pylori infection consistently leads to chronic and low degree of inflammatory response in gastric mucosa and is closely related with gastrointestinal and extra-gastric diseases. Effects of local microbiome in the stomach have been studied in adults and children with H. pylori infection. It is, however, not known whether the intestinal microbial community differs in children with varying H. pylori infection. The aim of this study is to characterize the altered composition of microbiome induced by H. pylori infection and in gastritis. Materials and Methods: This study involved 154 individuals, including 50 children affected by H. pylori-induced gastritis, 42 children with H. pylori-negative gastritis, and 62 healthy controls. Gut microbiome composition was analyzed using 16S rRNA gene-based pyrosequencing. Fecal bacterial diversity and composition were then compared. Results: On the basis of an analysis of similarities and differences, we found that children with H. pylori-induced gastritis exhibited gut bacteria dysbiosis. The ratio of Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes (F:B) at the phylum level had dramatically decreased in H. pylori-positive gastritis group (HPG) and H. pylori-negative gastritis group (HNG), compared with the healthy control group (HCG). At the family and genus levels, relative abundance of Bacteroidaceae and Enterobacteriaceae was prevalent in HPG and HNG, whereas relative abundance of Lachnospiraceae, Bifidobacteriaceae, and Lactobacillaceae was seen in HCG. Prevalence of different taxa of gut microbiome at the class, order, family, and genus levels was also observed among the three groups. Conclusions: Gastritis can cause changes in composition of fecal microbiome, which is exacerbated by H. pylori infection. These changes in gut microbiome may be related to drug resistance and development of chronic gastrointestinal diseases.

10.
Mol Neurodegener ; 14(1): 39, 2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31684998

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Spinocerebellar ataxia type 3 (SCA3) is the most common subtype of autosomal dominantly inherited spinocerebellar ataxias (SCAs). No validated blood biomarker is available to assess either disease progression or therapeutic response. Neurofilament light chain (NfL) was recently proposed as a serum biomarker for many neurodegenerative disorders. The present study investigated whether NfL was a promising serum biomarker for SCA3. METHODS: Seventeen SCA3 patients and 9 controls were enrolled in cohort A, and 116 SCA3 individuals (preclinical and patients) and 91 controls were recruited as cohort B. We assessed whether serum NfL correlated with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) NfL in cohort A and correlations between serum NfL levels and clinical features and brain volumes were determined in cohort B. The single-molecule array method was used to measure serum NfL levels. Disease severity was determined using the scale for the assessment and rating of ataxia (SARA) and the international cooperative ataxia rating scale (ICARS). Cerebellar and brainstem volumes were assessed using MRI neuroimaging measurements. RESULTS: Serum/CSF NfL levels in cohort A were elevated in SCA3 patients, and serum and CSF NfL exhibited a significant positive correlation (r = 0.9179, p < 0.0001). Levels of serum NfL in cohort B were significantly higher in preclinical SCA3 (15.03 ± 7.49 vs 6.88 ± 2.72 pg/ mL, p < 0.0001) and manifest SCA3 subjects (37.56 ± 13.47 vs 9.07 ± 6.02 pg/ mL, p < 0.0001) compared to those in controls. Serum NfL concentrations increased from early disease stage to the next stage. Levels of serum NfL in ATXN3 mutation carriers were positively associated with SARA (r = 0.5458, p < 0.0001) and ICARS scores (r = 0.5522, p < 0.0001). Significant negative associations with cerebellar volumes (r = - 0.4217, p = 0.0003) and brainstem volumes (r = - 0.4263, p = 0.0003) were observed. All changes remained significant after adjustment for age and CAG repeat. CONCLUSIONS: Levels of serum NfL were significantly elevated in SCA3 individuals and correlated with disease severity. Serum NfL is a promising serum biomarker of disease onset and progression, and a potential candidate biomarker of treatment response in SCA3.

11.
Acta Crystallogr C Struct Chem ; 75(Pt 11): 1475-1481, 2019 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31686657

RESUMO

A new cyanide-bridged FeIII-MnII heterobimetallic coordination polymer (CP), namely catena-poly[[[N,N'-(1,2-phenylene)bis(pyridine-2-carboxamidato)-κ4N,N',N'',N''']iron(III)]-µ-cyanido-κ2C:N-[bis(4,4'-bipyridine-κN)bis(methanol-κO)manganese(II)]-µ-cyanido-κ2N:C], {[FeMn(C18H12N4O2)(CN)2(C10H8N2)2(CH3OH)2]ClO4}n, (1), was prepared by the self-assembly of the trans-dicyanidoiron(III)-containing building block [Fe(bpb)(CN)2]- [bpb2- = N,N'-(1,2-phenylene)bis(pyridine-2-carboxamidate)], [Mn(ClO4)2]·6H2O and 4,4'-bipyridine, and was structurally characterized by elemental analysis, IR spectroscopy, single-crystal X-ray crystallography and powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD). Single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis shows that CP 1 possesses a cationic linear chain structure consisting of alternating cyanide-bridged Fe-Mn units, with free perchlorate as the charge-balancing anion, which can be further extended into a two-dimensional supramolecular sheet structure via inter-chain π-π interactions between the 4,4'-bipyridine ligands. Within the chain, each MnII ion is six-coordinated by an N6 unit and is involved in a slightly distorted octahedral coordination geometry. Investigation of the magnetic properties of 1 reveals an antiferromagnetic coupling between the cyanide-bridged FeIII and MnII ions. A best fit of the magnetic susceptibility based on the one-dimensional alternating chain model leads to the magnetic coupling constants J1 = -1.35 and J2 = -1.05 cm-1, and the antiferromagnetic coupling was further confirmed by spin Hamiltonian-based density functional theoretical (DFT) calculations.

12.
J Prosthodont Res ; 2019 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31690540

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate bond durability when applying 2 phosphate ester monomer-containing self-adhesive resin cements alone, versus a combination of phosphate ester monomer-containing primer conditioning plus 2 conventional resin cements requiring primers, to zirconia after different artificial aging methods. METHODS: We cemented air-abraded zirconia plates to composite resin cylinders with self-adhesive resin cements (MS; RU) alone or cemented them with traditional resin cements (ZRV; ZVN) after pre-conditioning with a zirconia primer. A shear bond strength (SBS) test were performed after subjecting them to 19 different aging conditions (n = 15) comprising 30,000× thermocycles, air storage at room temperature (RT), water storage at RT, or at 37 °C for 24 h, 1 week, 1, 3, 6, and 12 months. Zirconia powders mixed with zirconia primer or 2 self-adhesive resin cements were characterized by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. RESULTS: Groups MS and ZVN obtained the highest SBS after all of aging methods. SBS after 6 months of storage was similar to SBS after 24 h of storage, while both were higher than SBS after 1 year of storage. Water storage at 37 °C provided higher SBS than RT water storage did. We detected a Zr-O-P bond in both self-adhesive resin cement/zirconia powder mixtures. CONCLUSIONS: Application of self-adhesive resin cements alone could be an alternative to pre-conditioning with a zirconia primer followed by the application of conventional resin cements. Formation of Zr-O-P bonds contributed to the bonding improvement of self-adhesive resin cements. Different aging conditions affected SBS values.

13.
J Nat Prod ; 82(11): 2994-3001, 2019 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31674782

RESUMO

Flavipesines A and B (1 and 2) and asperchalasines E-H (3-6), two cytochalasans with an unusual ring system and four merocytochalasans possessing a 5/6/11/5/5/6 ring system, were isolated from Aspergillus flavipes, along with three related compounds (7-9). Their structures, including absolute configurations, were determined on the basis of data from HRESIMS, NMR, ECD, molecular modeling, and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Flavipesines A and B (1 and 2) represent the first examples of cytochalasans possessing a 5/6/7/6 ring system with a C-18-O-C-21 bridge. Compounds 3, 7, and 9 show moderate inhibitory activities against isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1). This is the first report on the IDH1 inhibitory activities of cytochalasans.

14.
J Insect Sci ; 19(6)2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31745557

RESUMO

Juvenile hormone (JH) is responsible for repressing larval metamorphosis and inducing vitellogenesis and egg production in insects. Methoprene-tolerant (Met) is known to be an intracellular receptor and transducer of JH. We examined the role of Met in ovarian development in the rice pest Sogatella furcifera (Horváth). We first cloned and sequenced S. furcifera Met (SfMet). The SfMet protein belongs to the basic helix-loop-helix/Per-Arnt-Sim (bHLH-PAS) family with a bHLH domain and two PAS domains (PAS-A and PAS-B). SfMet was expressed in all developmental stages and tissues but was most highly expressed in the ovaries of adult females. Furthermore, RNA interference (RNAi) mediated silencing of SfMet substantially reduced the expression of SfVg, decreased yolk protein deposition and blocked oocyte maturation and ovarian development. These results demonstrate that SfMet plays a key role in female reproduction in S. furcifera and suggest that targeting this gene could be an effective way of controlling this pest.

15.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1089: 19-24, 2019 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31627814

RESUMO

The processes of planetary accretion or formation of the Earth and other celestial objects can be studied by using the 182Hf-182W chronometer which requires precise measurements of tungsten isotope ratios. Many comparative measurements for the isotopic composition of tungsten have been performed using either thermal ionization mass spectrometry (TIMS) or multi-collector inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (MC-ICP-MS). Yet, calibrated measurements of tungsten isotope ratios, and, in turn, isotopic abundances and atomic weight, are still lacking. In this study, we report the first independent measurements of all tungsten isotope ratios in five commercial tungsten reagents, including the new NRC candidate isotopic reference material WOLF-1 by MC-ICP-MS with use of the-state-of-the-art optimized regression mass bias correction model and NIST SRM 989 isotopic rhenium as calibrator.

16.
Clin Genitourin Cancer ; 17(6): 464-469.e3, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31594734

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Focal therapy for localized prostate cancer (PCa) remains investigational. We aimed to investigate the oncologic outcomes of focal laser ablation (FLA) and compare them with those of radical prostatectomy (RP). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients treated with FLA or RP for localized PCa between 2004 and 2015 were identified from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database. Kaplan-Meier curves and multivariate Cox proportional hazard models were utilized to calculate the survival benefits. Propensity score (PS) matching and adjusted standardized mortality ratio weighting (SMRW) models were used to balance the 2 groups. Subgroup analyses according to tumor stage, prostate-specific antigen level, and Gleason score were also conducted. RESULTS: A total of 12,875 patients were included, of whom 12,433 were treated with RP, whereas 442 were treated with FLA; 321 pairs of patients were eventually matched. Baseline characteristics were well-balanced by PS matching. The mean follow-up was 59.62 months for the RP group and 62.26 months for the FLA group. Before matching, the FLA group had lower but statistically insignificant cancer-specific mortality (CSM) (hazard ratio [HR], 0.61; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.15-2.45; P = .4879) and higher any-cause mortality (ACM) (HR, 2.35; 95% CI, 1.38-3.98; P = .0016) compared with the RP group, which was supported by the outcomes in the PS-matched cohort (CSM: HR, 0.82; 95% CI, 0.18-3.67; P = .7936; ACM: HR, 2.35; 95% CI, 1.38-3.98; P = .0016) and the SMRW model (CSM: HR, 0.61; 95% CI, 0.15-2.44; P = .4877; ACM: HR, 2.01; 95% CI, 1.18-3.42; P = .0103). CONCLUSION: Our study suggests that FLA had a higher risk of ACM but an insignificantly lower risk of CSM compared with RP. More high-quality trials are needed to confirm and expand our findings.

17.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 144: 244-253, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31593897

RESUMO

The wild Chinese grapevines (Vitis spp.) show varying levels of resistance to powdery mildew caused by Erysiphe necator that is an economically important disease of cultivated grapevines (Vitis vinifera). However, little information is available regarding the cytological mechanisms of powdery mildew resistance in these wild relatives. Here, we studied the cytological responses of three wild Chinese grapevine accessions after they were infected with E. necator (En) NAFU1 in comparison to the susceptible V. vinifera cv. 'Thompson Seedless' grape. The hyphal growth and sporulation of En NAFU1 were significantly restricted in wild species compared to 'Thompson Seedless', which appears to be associated with early cell wall deposition at the attempt sites, encasement of haustoria, and hypersensitive response-like cell death of penetrated epidermal cells. Moreover, endogenous free salicylic acid (SA) was more abundant in wild Chinese Vitis species than in 'Thompson Seedless' under pathogen-free condition. During En NAFU1 colonization, SA conjugates accumulated higher in wild grapevines than in 'Thompson Seedless'. In addition, the species-specific expression patterns of defense-associated genes during En NAFU1 colonization indicated that mechanisms underlying powdery mildew resistance are divergent among different wild Chinese Vitis species. These results contribute to understanding of mechanisms underlying defense responses of wild Chinese Vitis species against powdery mildew.

18.
Ren Fail ; 41(1): 987-994, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31662023

RESUMO

To evaluate the relationship between the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) rs2066853 gene polymorphism and the risk of male infertility. PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) were searched for relevant case-control studies up to 31 July 2019. Odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (95% CI) were used to assess the strength of associations. Finally, seven case-control studies involving 1247 cases and 1762 controls were included in this meta-analysis. The pooled results showed that there was no significant association between AHR rs2066853 gene polymorphism and male infertility risk (A vs. G: OR = 1.08, 95% CI = 0.83-1.39; AA vs. GG: OR = 1.16, 95% CI = 0.65-2.04; AA vs. GA + GG: OR = 1.17, 95% CI = 0.66-2.07; AA + GA vs. GG: OR = 0.99, 95% CI = 0.85-1.15). Subgroup analysis by ethnicity showed the same result. However, significant association was found between AHR rs2066853 gene polymorphism and male infertility risk in oligoasthenotspermia (A vs. G: OR = 2.52, 95% CI = 1.72-3.70). In conclusion, our meta-analysis indicated that AHR rs2066853 gene polymorphism might be associated with an increased susceptibility to oligoasthenotspermia.

19.
Wei Sheng Yan Jiu ; 48(4): 573-576, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31601354

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To discuss the optimum cut-off of body fat percentage among Chinese adult people according to current BMI cut-off, and compare with WHO standard of body fat percentage. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey included plenty of hospitals throughout the country from September to December 2017, a total of 46618 residents' body composition data. BMI and BF% were measured by biological impedance analysis, took BMI established by WGOC as reference standard, and ROC curve analysis was used to determine the optimum BF% cut-off. Comparison between optimum cut-off and WHO standard was made by relevance rate, sensitivity, specificity and kappa index. Partial correlation, curve estimation and regression model were used to discuss the relationship between BMI and BF%. RESULTS: The average BMI and BF% was(24. 07±3. 16) and(21. 57±9. 16)% in males, and(23. 76±3. 38) and(27. 65±9. 94)% in females. The optimum BF% cut-off to evaluate obesity were 27. 4% in males, and 34. 3% in females. Compared with WHO standard, the optimum BF% cut-off above had a lower relevance rate and sensitivity, and a higher specificity and consistency. There was a statistical difference between BMI and BF% method when diagnosing obesity(P<0. 05). The partial correlation index r=0. 637, and curvilinear model was much suitable than linear model. CONCLUSION: Compared with BMI, BF% had poor accuracy and consistency to predict obesity. BMI method may cause more people to escape diagnosis, especially in aging males.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo , Composição Corporal , Sobrepeso , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Obesidade
20.
Transfusion ; 59(10): 3205-3213, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31571260

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Radiation and filtration have achieved satisfactory results in inactivation or removal of tumor cells mixed in salvage blood, but some drawbacks remain. This study evaluated the inactivation on HCT116 cells mixed in simulative salvage blood by riboflavin photochemical treatment. METHODS: HCT116 cells were added to the whole blood to simulate contaminated salvaged blood. The mixed blood was added with riboflavin of 50 µmol/L final concentration and illuminated by ultraviolet light. The samples were divided into control group and Experimental Groups 1 (18 J/cm2 ), 2 (23.4 J/cm2 ), and 3 (28.8 J/cm2 ). An autotransfusion system (Cell Saver Elite, Haemonetics) was used to simulate the intraoperative blood salvage procedure to deal with whole blood. The apoptosis rate and tumorigenicity of HCT116 cells and the superimposed damage to red blood cells (RBCs) were evaluated. RESULTS: The apoptosis rates of HCT116 in Experimental Groups 1, 2, and 3 were much higher than that in the control group. Tumor growth was found in the control group, but no tumor growth was found in the three experimental groups. The hemolysis rates in the three experimental groups were significantly higher than that in the control group, but much lower than the quality standard of RBCs at the end of preservation. The concentration of adenosine triphosphate in RBCs was comparable in the control and experimental groups. CONCLUSION: Riboflavin at a 50 µmol/L final concentration and 18 J/cm2 ultraviolet illumination can effectively inactivate HCT116 cells in salvaged blood, with minimum damage to the structure and function of RBCs, and the main quality indexes of salvaged RBCs were within the standard range.

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