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1.
World J Clin Cases ; 9(28): 8388-8403, 2021 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34754848

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is a global threat caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2. AIM: To develop and validate a risk stratification tool for the early prediction of intensive care unit (ICU) admission among COVID-19 patients at hospital admission. METHODS: The training cohort included COVID-19 patients admitted to the Wuhan Third Hospital. We selected 13 of 65 baseline laboratory results to assess ICU admission risk, which were used to develop a risk prediction model with the random forest (RF) algorithm. A nomogram for the logistic regression model was built based on six selected variables. The predicted models were carefully calibrated, and the predictive performance was evaluated and compared with two previously published models. RESULTS: There were 681 and 296 patients in the training and validation cohorts, respectively. The patients in the training cohort were older than those in the validation cohort (median age: 63.0 vs 49.0 years, P < 0.001), and the percentages of male gender were similar (49.6% vs 49.3%, P = 0.958). The top predictors selected in the RF model were neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, age, lactate dehydrogenase, C-reactive protein, creatinine, D-dimer, albumin, procalcitonin, glucose, platelet, total bilirubin, lactate and creatine kinase. The accuracy, sensitivity and specificity for the RF model were 91%, 88% and 93%, respectively, higher than those for the logistic regression model. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of our model was much better than those of two other published methods (0.90 vs 0.82 and 0.75). Model A underestimated risk of ICU admission in patients with a predicted risk less than 30%, whereas the RF risk score demonstrated excellent ability to categorize patients into different risk strata. Our predictive model provided a larger standardized net benefit across the major high-risk range compared with model A. CONCLUSION: Our model can identify ICU admission risk in COVID-19 patients at admission, who can then receive prompt care, thus improving medical resource allocation.

2.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 145: 112449, 2021 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34808557

RESUMO

Testicular development during juvenile is crucial for subsequent male reproductive function. However, it remains poorly understood about the contribution of the testis microenvironment to human germ cell maturation. Therefore, we systematically analyzed scRNA-seq transcriptome and found the dramatic changes in cell-type composition in human testis during puberty. Then we constructed cell-cell communication networks between germ cells and somatic cells in the juvenile testis, which may be achieved via immune-related pathways. Our results showed that maturation-promoting factors are the switches of the Sertoli cells that drive sperm maturation. Furthermore, we found that Bisphenol A(BPA) enhanced the maturation and growth of germ cells through the Sertoli cell's secretory protein. Finally, our results indicate Bisphenol A would lead to the dysregulation of secreted protein expression in Sertoli cells during spermatogenesis, which in turn has direct cytotoxicity to Sertoli cells. Bisphenol A is one of the underlying causes of non-obstructive azoospermia (NOA). In summary, our results reveal the reproductive toxicity and molecular mechanism of Bisphenol A in Sertoli cells and male reproduction. Provide a reference for the toxicity of Bisphenol A to human reproduction.

3.
BMC Infect Dis ; 21(1): 955, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34525962

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Our goal is to further elucidate the clinical condition and prognosis of patients with severe acute COVID-19 with EBV reactivation. METHOD: This is a retrospective single-center study of COVID-19 patients admitted to the intensive care unit of Wuhan No. 3 Hospital (January 31 to March 27, 2020). According to whether Epstein-Barr virus reactivation was detected, the patients were divided into an EBV group and a Non-EBV group. Baseline data were collected including epidemiological, larithmics, clinical and imaging characteristics, and laboratory examination data. RESULTS: Of the 128 patients with COVID-19, 17 (13.3%) were infected with Epstein-Barr virus reactivation. In the symptoms,the rate of tachypnoea in the EBV group was apparently higher than that in the Non-EBV group. In lab tests, the lymphocyte and albumin of EBV group decreased more significantly than Non-EBV group, and the D-dimer and serum calcium of EBV group was higher than Non-EBV group. Regarding the infection index, CRP of EBV group was apparently above the Non-EBV group, and no significant difference was found in procalcitonin of the two groups. The incidence of respiratory failure, ARDS, and hypoproteinaemia of EBV group had more incidence than Non-EBV group. The 28-day and 14-day mortality rates of EBV group was significantly higher than that of Non-EBV group. CONCLUSIONS: In the COVID-19 patients, patients with EBV reactivation had higher 28-day and 14-day mortality rates and received more immuno-supportive treatment than patients of Non-EBV group.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , Estado Terminal , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/complicações , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/epidemiologia , Herpesvirus Humano 4 , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , SARS-CoV-2 , Ativação Viral
4.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 29(4): 1295-1300, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34362519

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical characteristic of coagulation, possible causes and countermeasures of patients with severe corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19). METHODS: The clinical data of the 142 patients diagnosed as COVID-19 at Wuhan Third Hospital in Wuhan, China, from February 10 to February 16, 2020 were collected and analyzed retrospective. Among the patients, 17 cases of dead patients were divided into observe group, and 125 cases of cured patients were divided into control group. The clinical characteristics, laboratory tests, influencing factors, anticoagulant therapy, embolization and bleeding events of the two groups were observed. RESULTS: The average hospital stay time in 142 patients was 22 d. For the 17 dead patients in the observe group, the average hospital stay time was 9.9 d, and the D-dimer, prothrombin time, WBC count and Padua score of the patients in the observe group were significantly higher as compared with the patients in the control group. PT(OR=1.064, 95%CI 1.012-1.119) and D-D(OR=1.045, 95%CI 1.027-1.064) were the independent risk factors that causing the death of COVID-19 patients. Among the patients, 36(25.4%) patients received low-molecular-weight heparin for anticoagulant therapy, with the average course of 9.6 d. The cumulative incidence of the embolism of the patients in the observe group was 7(41.2%), while 2(11.8%) patients developed to deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE), 3 (17.6%) patients occurred acute cerebral infarction and 2 (11.8%) patients occurred acute myocardial infarction. 3 (17.6%) dead patients revealed dominant disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). CONCLUSION: Most patients with severe COVID-19 shows a variety of risk factors for thrombus, and those with coagulation dysfunction shows a high dead rate and rapid disease progression. Therefore, coagulation indicators should be dynamically monitored, and mechanical and drug prevention should be actively carried out.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Coagulação Intravascular Disseminada , Anticoagulantes , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , SARS-CoV-2
5.
J Glob Health ; 11: 05017, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34326998

RESUMO

Background: The antiviral therapy has been considered as an ordinary intervention for COVID-19 patients. However, the effectiveness of antiviral therapy is uncertain. This study was designed to determine the association between the antiviral therapy and in-hospital mortality among severe COVID-19 patients. Methods: This study enrolled severe COVID-19 patients admitted to four designated hospitals in Wuhan, China. The use of antiviral treatments, demographics, laboratory variables, co-morbidities, complications, and other treatments were compared between survival and fatal cases. The association between antiviral agents and in-hospital mortality were analyzed. Results: In total, 109 severe COVID-19 patients (mean age 65.43) were enrolled for analysis, among which, 61 (56.0%) patients were discharged alive, and 48 (44.0%) died during hospitalization. We found no association between lopinavir/ritonavir (LPV/r) treatment and the in-hospital mortality (odds ratio (OR) = 0.195, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.023-1.679). Besides, ribavirin (OR = 0.738, 95% CI = 0.344-1.582), oseltamivir (OR = 0.765, 95% CI = 0.349-1.636), and interferon-alpha (IFN-α) (OR = 0.371, 95% CI = 0.112-1.236) were not associated with the in-hospital mortality. However, arbidol monotherapy (OR = 5.027, 95% CI = 1.795-14.074) or the combination of arbidol and oseltamivir (OR = 5.900, 95% CI = 1.190-29.247) was associated with an increased in-hospital mortality. In addition, the multiple logistic regression identified a significant association between the use of arbidol and the in-hospital mortality (adjusted OR = 4.195, 95% CI = 1.221-14.408). Conclusions: Our findings indicated that LPV/r, IFN-α, ribavirin, or oseltamivir have no beneficial effects on the prognosis of severe COVID-19 patients, whereas the use of arbidol is associated with increased in-hospital mortality.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Indóis , Idoso , COVID-19/tratamento farmacológico , COVID-19/mortalidade , China/epidemiologia , Mortalidade Hospitalar/tendências , Humanos , Indóis/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
6.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 6(1): 187, 2021 05 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34035222

RESUMO

Intercellular cross-talk plays important roles in cancer progression and metastasis. Yet how these cancer cells interact with each other is still largely unknown. Exosomes released by tumor cells have been proved to be effective cell-to-cell signal mediators. We explored the functional roles of exosomes in metastasis and the potential prognostic values for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Exosomes were extracted from HCC cells of different metastatic potentials. The metastatic effects of exosomes derived from highly metastatic HCC cells (HMH) were evaluated both in vitro and in vivo. Exosomal proteins were identified with iTRAQ mass spectrum and verified in cell lines, xenograft tumor samples, and functional analyses. Exosomes released by HMH significantly enhanced the in vitro invasion and in vivo metastasis of low metastatic HCC cells (LMH). S100 calcium-binding protein A4 (S100A4) was identified as a functional factor in exosomes derived from HMH. S100A4rich exosomes significantly promoted tumor metastasis both in vitro and in vivo compared with S100A4low exosomes or controls. Moreover, exosomal S100A4 could induce expression of osteopontin (OPN), along with other tumor metastasis/stemness-related genes. Exosomal S100A4 activated OPN transcription via STAT3 phosphorylation. HCC patients with high exosomal S100A4 in plasma also had a poorer prognosis. In conclusion, exosomes from HMH could promote the metastatic potential of LMH, and exosomal S100A4 is a key enhancer for HCC metastasis, activating STAT3 phosphorylation and up-regulating OPN expression. This suggested exosomal S100A4 to be a novel prognostic marker and therapeutic target for HCC metastasis.

7.
Ann Palliat Med ; 10(4): 3937-3950, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33894714

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has resulted in an overwhelmed challenge to the healthcare system worldwide. METHODS: A case-control study of COVID-19 patients in Wuhan Third Hospital was conducted. 96 deceased COVID-19 patients and 230 discharged patients were included as the case group and control group, respectively. Demographic, epidemiological, clinical and laboratory variables on admission were collected from electronic medical records. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression were adopted to investigate the independent predictors of mortality. A nomogram was formed for predicting the mortality risk. RESULTS: The multivariate stepwise logistic model demonstrated that age of 60+ years (OR =4.426, 95% CI: 1.955-10.019), comorbidity of cerebrovascular disease (OR =7.084, 95% CI: 1.545-32.471), white blood cell (WBC) count >9.5×109/L (OR =7.308, 95% CI: 1.650-32.358), platelet count <125×109/L (OR =5.128, 95% CI: 2.157-12.191), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) >40 U/L (OR =2.554, 95% CI: 1.253-5.206), cystatin C >1.1 mg/L (OR =4.132, 95% CI: 2.118-8.059), C reactive protein (CRP) ≥100 mg/L (OR =2.830, 95% CI: 1.311-6.109), creatine kinase isoenzymes (CK-MB) >24 U/L (OR =6.015, 95% CI: 2.119-17.07) and D-dimer >5 µg/L (OR =4.917, 95% CI: 1.619-14.933) were independent predictors of mortality of COVID-19 patients. The nomogram demonstrated a well discriminatory accuracy for mortality prediction with a C-index of 0.903. CONCLUSIONS: The determinants identified may help to determine patients at high risk of death at an early stage and guide the optimal treatment.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , SARS-CoV-2
8.
Brief Bioinform ; 22(5)2021 09 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33497436

RESUMO

Fertility refers to the ability of animals to maintain reproductive function and give birth to offspring, which is an important indicator to measure the productivity of animals. Fertility is affected by many factors, among which environmental factors may also play key roles. During the past years, substantial research studies have been conducted to detect the factors related to fecundity, including genetic factors and environmental factors. However, the identified genes associated with fertility from countless previous studies are randomly dispersed in the literature, whereas some other novel fertility-related genes are needed to detect from omics-based datasets. Here, we constructed a fertility index factor database FifBase based on manually curated published literature and RNA-Seq datasets. During the construction of the literature group, we obtained 3301 articles related to fecundity for 13 species from PubMed, involving 2823 genes, which are related to 75 fecundity indicators or 47 environmental factors. Eventually, 1558 genes associated with fertility were filtered in 10 species, of which 1088 and 470 were from RNA-Seq datasets and text mining data, respectively, involving 2910 fertility-gene pairs and 58 fertility-environmental factors. All these data were cataloged into FifBase (http://www.nwsuaflmz.com/FifBase/), where the fertility-related factor information, including gene annotation and environmental factors, can be browsed, retrieved and downloaded with the user-friendly interface.


Assuntos
Animais Domésticos/genética , Mineração de Dados , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Fertilidade , Anotação de Sequência Molecular , Software , Animais
9.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 60(1): 304-315, 2021 01 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32766690

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Liver damage is a common manifestation and can be life-threatening in adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD), an autoinflammatory disease. The hallmark of AOSD is activation of neutrophils, whose infiltration in liver is suspected to promote tissue injury. Here we aimed to identify a candidate biomarker and to validate its association with liver damage in AOSD. METHODS: Transcriptome analysis of neutrophils from treatment-naïve active AOSD patients and healthy donors was performed. Lipocalin-2 (LCN2) expression was assessed in neutrophils, plasma and liver biopsies of AOSD. The correlations of LCN2 with different variables and its ability to identify liver damage from AOSD patients were analysed. RESULTS: LCN2, a novel biomarker in hepatic inflammation, was found to be upregulated in AOSD neutrophils by RNA sequencing and confirmed at the mRNA and protein levels. Plasma levels of LCN2 were significantly higher in AOSD patients than healthy controls, RA and SLE patients. Plasma LCN2 levels were closely correlated with inflammatory markers, systemic score, HScore and cytokines. Moreover, LCN2 levels were increased in active AOSD with liver involvement and independently associated with liver dysfunction. Enhanced expression of LCN2 was detected in liver biopsies from three patients with ongoing liver injury. Furthermore, the area under the curve value of LCN2 for identifying AOSD with liver injury from other liver diseases was 0.9694. CONCLUSION: Our results reveal that neutrophils-derived LCN2 is higher in plasma and liver tissue in AOSD patients than in healthy controls, and it could serve as a potent biomarker for identifying AOSD with systemic inflammation, especially liver damage caused by hyperinflammation.


Assuntos
Lipocalina-2/metabolismo , Fígado/metabolismo , Doença de Still de Início Tardio/metabolismo , Adulto , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Inflamação/metabolismo , Inflamação/patologia , Lipocalina-2/sangue , Fígado/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Doença de Still de Início Tardio/sangue , Doença de Still de Início Tardio/diagnóstico , Doença de Still de Início Tardio/patologia
10.
PeerJ ; 8: e9885, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32953279

RESUMO

Objectives: Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) has become a pandemic outbreak. Risk stratification at hospital admission is of vital importance for medical decision making and resource allocation. There is no sophisticated tool for this purpose. This study aimed to develop neural network models with predictors selected by genetic algorithms (GA). Methods: This study was conducted in Wuhan Third Hospital from January 2020 to March 2020. Predictors were collected on day 1 of hospital admission. The primary outcome was the vital status at hospital discharge. Predictors were selected by using GA, and neural network models were built with the cross-validation method. The final neural network models were compared with conventional logistic regression models. Results: A total of 246 patients with COVID-19 were included for analysis. The mortality rate was 17.1% (42/246). Non-survivors were significantly older (median (IQR): 69 (57, 77) vs. 55 (41, 63) years; p < 0.001), had higher high-sensitive troponin I (0.03 (0, 0.06) vs. 0 (0, 0.01) ng/L; p < 0.001), C-reactive protein (85.75 (57.39, 164.65) vs. 23.49 (10.1, 53.59) mg/L; p < 0.001), D-dimer (0.99 (0.44, 2.96) vs. 0.52 (0.26, 0.96) mg/L; p < 0.001), and α-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase (306.5 (268.75, 377.25) vs. 194.5 (160.75, 247.5); p < 0.001) and a lower level of lymphocyte count (0.74 (0.41, 0.96) vs. 0.98 (0.77, 1.26) × 109/L; p < 0.001) than survivors. The GA identified a 9-variable (NNet1) and a 32-variable model (NNet2). The NNet1 model was parsimonious with a cost on accuracy; the NNet2 model had the maximum accuracy. NNet1 (AUC: 0.806; 95% CI [0.693-0.919]) and NNet2 (AUC: 0.922; 95% CI [0.859-0.985]) outperformed the linear regression models. Conclusions: Our study included a cohort of COVID-19 patients. Several risk factors were identified considering both clinical and statistical significance. We further developed two neural network models, with the variables selected by using GA. The model performs much better than the conventional generalized linear models.

11.
Ann Transl Med ; 8(13): 816, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32793661

RESUMO

Background: As a global pandemic, COVID-19 has aroused great concern in the last few months and a growing number of related researches have been published. Therefore, a bibliometric analysis of these publications may provide a direction of hot topics and future research trends. Methods: The global literatures about COVID-19 published between 2019 and 2020 were scanned in the Web of Science collection database. "COVID-19" "Novel Coronavirus" "2019-nCoV" and "SARS-CoV-2" were used as the keywords to reach the relevant publications. VOSviewer was applied to perform the bibliometric analysis of these articles. Results: Totally 3,626 publications on the topic of COVID-19 were identified and "COVID-19" with a total link strength of 2,649 appeared as the most frequent keyword, which had a strong link to "pneumonia" and "epidemiology". The mean citation count of the top 100 most cited articles was 96 (range, 26-883). Most of them were descriptive studies and concentrated on the clinical features. The highest-ranking journal was British medical journal with 211 publications and the most cited journal was Lancet with 2,485 citation counts. Eleven articles written by Christian Drosten from Berlin Institute of Virology have been cited for 389 times and 40 articles from Chinese Academy of Sciences have been cited for 1,597 times which are the most cited author and organization. The number of collaborators with China is 44 and the total link strength is 487. The main partners of China are USA, England and Germany. The published literatures have focused on three topics: disease management, clinical features and pathogenesis. Conclusions: The current growth trends predict a large increase in the number of global publications on COVID-19. China made the most outstanding contribution within this important field. Disease treatment, spike protein and vaccine may be hotspots in the future.

12.
Crit Care ; 24(1): 394, 2020 07 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32631393

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The global numbers of confirmed cases and deceased critically ill patients with COVID-19 are increasing. However, the clinical course, and the 60-day mortality and its predictors in critically ill patients have not been fully elucidated. The aim of this study is to identify the clinical course, and 60-day mortality and its predictors in critically ill patients with COVID-19. METHODS: Critically ill adult patients admitted to intensive care units (ICUs) from 3 hospitals in Wuhan, China, were included. Data on demographic information, preexisting comorbidities, laboratory findings at ICU admission, treatments, clinical outcomes, and results of SARS-CoV-2 RNA tests and of serum SARS-CoV-2 IgM were collected including the duration between symptom onset and negative conversion of SARS-CoV-2 RNA. RESULTS: Of 1748 patients with COVID-19, 239 (13.7%) critically ill patients were included. Complications included acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in 164 (68.6%) patients, coagulopathy in 150 (62.7%) patients, acute cardiac injury in 103 (43.1%) patients, and acute kidney injury (AKI) in 119 (49.8%) patients, which occurred 15.5 days, 17 days, 18.5 days, and 19 days after the symptom onset, respectively. The median duration of the negative conversion of SARS-CoV-2 RNA was 30 (range 6-81) days in 49 critically ill survivors that were identified. A total of 147 (61.5%) patients deceased by 60 days after ICU admission. The median duration between ICU admission and decease was 12 (range 3-36). Cox proportional-hazards regression analysis revealed that age older than 65 years, thrombocytopenia at ICU admission, ARDS, and AKI independently predicted the 60-day mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Severe complications are common and the 60-day mortality of critically ill patients with COVID-19 is considerably high. The duration of the negative conversion of SARS-CoV-2 RNA and its association with the severity of critically ill patients with COVID-19 should be seriously considered and further studied.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Idoso , COVID-19 , China/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Estado Terminal , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
13.
J Cancer ; 11(15): 4384-4396, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32489457

RESUMO

Host and tumorous inflammation actively affect liver metastasis of colorectal cancer (CRC). Neutrophils have been recognized as one active participant in metastasis procedure, with controversial roles however. Activated neutrophils release extracellular traps (NETs) which are involved in infection and multiple pathological conditions. NETs on cancer metastasis is getting recognized but less elucidated in mechanism. How NETs interact with cancer cells is still largely unknown. In this study, we found that neutrophils from CRC patients, especially those with liver metastatic, underwent remarkably enhanced NETs. Clinically, sera and pathological NETs marker closely correlated with onset of liver metastasis. Through in vivo and in vitro studies, we proved that increased NETs positively contribute to onset of CRC liver metastasis. Digesting NETs with DNase 1 diminished the increased liver metastasis associated with NETs. In detail, NETs trapped CRC cells in liver and exerted no cytotoxicity on tumor cells, but boosted tumorous proliferation and invasion capacity. We further found this enhanced malignancy of trapped CRC cells was due to the elevated tumorous interleukin (IL)-8 expression triggered by NETs. Blocking IL-8 activity effectively abrogated the enhanced proliferation and invasion triggered by NETs. Moreover, overproduced IL-8 in turn activate neutrophils towards NETs formation, thus forming a positive loop optimizing CRC liver metastasis. Collectively, our study propose a novel positive feedback between elevated tumorous IL-8 and NETs to promote CRC liver metastasis, and identify potential strategy against liver metastasis.

15.
Cell Metab ; 32(2): 176-187.e4, 2020 08 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32592657

RESUMO

Statins are lipid-lowering therapeutics with favorable anti-inflammatory profiles and have been proposed as an adjunct therapy for COVID-19. However, statins may increase the risk of SARS-CoV-2 viral entry by inducing ACE2 expression. Here, we performed a retrospective study on 13,981 patients with COVID-19 in Hubei Province, China, among which 1,219 received statins. Based on a mixed-effect Cox model after propensity score-matching, we found that the risk for 28-day all-cause mortality was 5.2% and 9.4% in the matched statin and non-statin groups, respectively, with an adjusted hazard ratio of 0.58. The statin use-associated lower risk of mortality was also observed in the Cox time-varying model and marginal structural model analysis. These results give support for the completion of ongoing prospective studies and randomized controlled trials involving statin treatment for COVID-19, which are needed to further validate the utility of this class of drugs to combat the mortality of this pandemic.


Assuntos
Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Anti-Hipertensivos/uso terapêutico , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Reposicionamento de Medicamentos/métodos , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/uso terapêutico , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2 , Betacoronavirus/efeitos dos fármacos , COVID-19 , Comorbidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Síndrome da Liberação de Citocina/tratamento farmacológico , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Peptidil Dipeptidase A/efeitos dos fármacos , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , SARS-CoV-2
16.
Crit Care ; 24(1): 219, 2020 05 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32410714

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A COVID-19 outbreak started in Wuhan, China, last December and now has become a global pandemic. The clinical information in caring of critically ill patients with COVID-19 needs to be shared timely, especially under the situations that there is still a largely ongoing spread of COVID-19 in many countries. METHODS: A multicenter prospective observational study investigated all the COVID-19 patients received in 19 ICUs of 16 hospitals in Wuhan, China, over 24 h between 8 AM February 2h and 8 AM February 27, 2020. The demographic information, clinical characteristics, vital signs, complications, laboratory values, and clinical managements of the patients were studied. RESULTS: A total of 226 patients were included. Their median (interquartile range, IQR) age was 64 (57-70) years, and 139 (61.5%) patients were male. The duration from the date of ICU admission to the study date was 11 (5-17) days, and the duration from onset of symptoms to the study date was 31 (24-36) days. Among all the patients, 155 (68.6%) had at least one coexisting disease, and their sequential organ failure assessment score was 4 (2-8). Organ function damages were found in most of the patients: ARDS in 161 (71.2%) patients, septic shock in 34 (15.0%) patients, acute kidney injury occurred in 57 (25.2%) patients, cardiac injury in 61 (27.0%) patients, and lymphocytopenia in 160 (70.8%) patients. Of all the studied patients, 85 (37.6%) received invasive mechanical ventilation, including 14 (6.2%) treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) at the same time, 20 (8.8%) received noninvasive mechanical ventilation, and 24 (10.6%) received continuous renal replacement therapy. By April 9, 2020, 87 (38.5%) patients were deceased and 15 (6.7%) were still in the hospital. CONCLUSIONS: Critically ill patients with COVID-19 are associated with a higher risk of severe complications and need to receive an intensive level of treatments. COVID-19 poses a great strain on critical care resources in hospitals. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, ChiCTR2000030164. Registered on February 24, 2020, http://www.chictr.org.cn/edit.aspx?pid=49983&htm=4.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Cuidados Críticos , Surtos de Doenças , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Idoso , COVID-19 , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Front Immunol ; 11: 409, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32265910

RESUMO

Introduction: Aerobic exercise improves lung inflammation in acute lung injury (ALI), but its mechanism remains unknown. Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) play an important role in LPS-induced ALI, and a positive correlation exists between NET formation and proinflammatory macrophage polarization. This study investigated whether aerobic exercise reduces the pro-inflammatory polarization of alveolar macrophages (AMs) by inhibiting the excessive release of NETs and then alleviating the inflammatory response of ALI. Methods: C57BL/6 male mice were randomly divided into four groups: sedentary group (CON), sedentary and extra-pulmonary LPS injection group (LPS), 5-weeks aerobic training intervention and LPS injection group (EXE+LPS), and DNase I plus LPS injection group (DNase+LPS). Twenty-four hours after drug injection, bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), AM, and lung tissues were obtained to detect inflammatory responses, NET formation, macrophage polarization, and protein activation. In the in vitro study, a murine AM cell line, designated MH-S, was stimulated with LPS, purified NETs, and NETs plus DNase I. Results: EXE+LPS and DNase+LPS mice exhibited reduced neutrophil infiltration, decreased NET release, and lower pro-inflammatory polarization of AM compared with LPS mice. Subsequently, Western blot showed inhibition of the phosphorylation of MAPK and NF-κB proteins of AMs in EXE+LPS and DNase+LPS mice compared with LPS mice. Lastly, stimulation of MH-S cells by NETs revealed a trend for pro-inflammatory cell polarization, with NF-κB protein activation at 8 h and ERK1/2 activation at 1, 2, and 8 h. Conclusions: Aerobic exercise alleviated ALI through NET-induced AM pro-inflammatory polarization involving ERK1/2 and NF-κB signaling.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/imunologia , Armadilhas Extracelulares/imunologia , Inflamação/imunologia , Macrófagos Alveolares/imunologia , Condicionamento Físico Animal/fisiologia , Animais , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Infiltração de Neutrófilos/imunologia , Distribuição Aleatória , Transdução de Sinais/imunologia
19.
J Hematol Oncol ; 13(1): 3, 2020 01 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31907001

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The propensity of the activated neutrophils to form extracellular traps (NETs) is demonstrated in multiple inflammatory conditions. In this study, we investigated the roles of NETs in metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and further explored the underlying mechanism of how NETs affect metastasis as well as the therapeutic value. METHODS: The neutrophils were isolated from the blood of human HCC patients and used to evaluate the formation of NETs. The expression of NET markers was detected in tumor specimens. A LPS-induced NET model was used to investigate the role of NETs on HCC metastasis. RNA-seq was performed to identify the key molecular event triggered by NETs, and their underlying mechanism and therapeutic significance were explored using both in vitro and in vivo assays. RESULTS: NET formation was enhanced in neutrophils derived from HCC patients, especially those with metastatic HCCs. NETs trapped HCC cells and subsequently induced cell-death resistance and enhanced invasiveness to trigger their metastatic potential, which was mediated by internalization of NETs into trapped HCC cells and activation of Toll-like receptors TLR4/9-COX2 signaling. Inhibition of TLR4/9-COX2 signaling abrogated the NET-aroused metastatic potential. A combination of DNase 1 directly wrecking NETs with anti-inflammation drugs aspirin/hydroxychloroquine effectively reduced HCC metastasis in mice model. CONCLUSIONS: NETs trigger tumorous inflammatory response and fuel HCC metastasis. Targeting NETs rather than neutrophils themselves can be a practice strategy against HCC metastasis.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Armadilhas Extracelulares/imunologia , Inflamação/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Animais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/imunologia , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Inflamação/imunologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/imunologia , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Metástase Neoplásica/imunologia , Metástase Neoplásica/patologia
20.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 562: 21-28, 2020 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31830628

RESUMO

Cleaner production of photocatalyst with efficient property and stable reusability is of great importance for the elimination of organic pollutants in wastewater. Herein, we present a bacterial cellulose (BC)-based nanocomposite membrane with enhanced adsorption and photocatalytic degradation for dyes under UV radiation, by using BC nanofibers as a three-dimensional soft template, coated with the polydoamine (PDA) as a functional layer and a protective agent for immobilization of titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles. Compared with commercial P25, the as-prepared BC/PDA/TiO2 composite presented higher adsorption capacity for methyl orange, Rhodamine B and methylene blue, and the photocatalytic properties within 30 min after irradiation were further improved. BC/PDA/TiO2 also showed good stability, proved by the 5.5% reduction in photocatalytic capability after five cyclic tests. We expect our design could provide a facile and green approach with excellent photo-degradation performance for organic pollutants, providing further applications for photocatalysis and wastewater treatment.


Assuntos
Celulose/química , Corantes/química , Indóis/química , Membranas Artificiais , Nanocompostos/química , Processos Fotoquímicos , Polímeros/química , Titânio/química , Raios Ultravioleta , Bactérias/química , Catálise
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