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1.
J Hazard Mater ; 401: 123278, 2021 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32634658

RESUMO

Previous studies found that exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) was associated with type 2 diabetes (T2D) prevalence. However, the potential mechanism is still unclear. In this study, we investigated 3031 Chinese urban adults to discover the relationship between PAH exposure and plasma Interleukin-22 (IL-22) and potential role of IL-22 in the association between PAH and fasting plasma glucose (FPG) or risk of T2D. After adjustment for potential confounders, significant dose-response relationships were observed between several urinary PAH metabolites with FPG and the prevalence of T2D. Each 1-U increase in ln-transformed value of 2-hydroxynaphthalene (2-OHNa), 2-hydroxyphenanthrene (2-OHPh), 3-hydroxyphenanthrene (3-OHPh), 4-hydroxyphenanthrene (4-OHPh), 9-hydroxyphenanthrene (9-OHPh), 1-hydroxypyrene (1-OHP) or total PAH metabolites was significantly associated with a 0.053, 0.026, 0.037, 0.045, 0.051, 0.041 or 0.047 unit decrease in IL-22 level, respectively. In addition, plasma IL-22 level was negatively associated with FPG and prevalence of T2D in a dose-dependent manner. Mediation analysis showed that IL-22 mediated 8.48 %, 3.87 %, 6.64 %, 6.47 %, and 8.67 % of the associations between urinary 2-OHNa, 1-OHPh, 3-OHPh, 4-OHPh, and 9-OHPh with the prevalence of T2D, respectively. These results indicated that urinary PAHs metabolites were inversely associated with plasma levels of IL-22, but positively related to FPG and the T2D prevalence. Downregulation of IL-22 might play a significant role in mediating PAHs exposure-associated risk increasement of T2D.

2.
Eur Radiol ; 2020 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33156386

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the longitudinal changes of microvascular function in different myocardial regions after myocardial infarction (MI) using myocardial blood flow derived by dynamic CT perfusion (CTP-MBF), and compare CTP-MBF with the results of cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) and histopathology. METHODS: The CTP scanning was performed in a MI porcine model 1 day (n = 15), 7 days (n = 10), and 3 months (n = 5) following induction surgery. CTP-MBF was measured in the infarcted myocardium, penumbra, and remote myocardium, respectively. CMR perfusion and histopathology were performed for validation. RESULTS: From baseline to follow-up scans, CTP-MBF presented a stepwise increase in the infarcted myocardium (68.51 ± 11.04 vs. 86.73 ± 13.32 vs. 109.53 ± 26.64 ml/100 ml/min, p = 0.001) and the penumbra (104.92 ± 29.29 vs. 120.32 ± 24.74 vs. 183.01 ± 57.98 ml/100 ml/min, p = 0.008), but not in the remote myocardium (150.05 ± 35.70 vs. 166.66 ± 38.17 vs. 195.36 ± 49.64 ml/100 ml/min, p = 0.120). The CTP-MBF correlated with max slope (r = 0.584, p < 0.001), max signal intensity (r = 0.357, p < 0.001), and time to max (r = - 0.378, p < 0.001) by CMR perfusion. Moreover, CTP-MBF defined the infarcted myocardium on triphenyl tetrazolium chloride staining (AUC: 0.810, p < 0.001) and correlated with microvascular density on CD31 staining (r = 0.561, p = 0.002). CONCLUSION: CTP-MBF could quantify the longitudinal changes of microvascular function in different regions of the post-MI myocardium, which demonstrates good agreement with contemporary CMR and histopathological findings. KEY POINTS: • The CT perfusion-based myocardial blood flow (CTP-MBF) could quantify the microvascular impairment in different myocardial regions after myocardial infarction (MI) and track its recovery over time. • The assessment of CTP-MBF is in good agreement with contemporary cardiac MRI and histopathological findings, which potentially facilitates a rapid approach for pathophysiological insights following MI.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33145731

RESUMO

Changes in the preconception ambient temperature (PAT) can affect the gametogenesis, disturbing the development of the embryo, but the health risks of PAT on the developing fetus are still unclear. Here, based on the National Free Preconception Health Examination Project in the rural areas of Henan Province, we evaluate the effects of PAT on preterm birth (PTB). Data of 1,231,715 records from self-reported interviews, preconception physical examination, early gestation follow-up, and postpartum follow-up were collected from 1 January 2013 to 31 December 2016. Generalized additive models were used to assess the cumulative and lag effects of PAT upon PTB. The significant cumulative effects of mean temperature within 2 weeks and 3 weeks on the risk of PTB, especially upon late PTB (34-36 weeks) (P < 0.05), were observed. Exposure to extreme heat (> 90th percentile) within 2 weeks (RR = 1.470) and 3 weeks (RR = 1.375) before conception could increase the risk of PTB. After stratifying PTB, exposure to extreme heat within 2 weeks before conception can increase the risks of early (< 34 weeks) and late PTB (P < 0.05). Besides, exposure to extreme cold (< 10th percentile) within 3 weeks or longer before conception can elevate the risk of PTB, especially late PTB. The significant lag effects of temperature changes on the risk of early PTB (lag-8 days or earlier) were observed. In conclusion, the risk of PTB was susceptible to PAT changes within 2 weeks or longer before conception. Our findings provide (i) guidance for rural couples to make pregnancy plans and (ii) scientific evidence for the government to formulate policies to prevent PTB.

4.
Eur Radiol ; 2020 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33180165

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess the clinical value of multimodal photoacoustic/ultrasound (PA/US) articular imaging scores, a novel imaging method which can reflect the micro-vessels and oxygenation level of inflamed joints of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Seven small joints were examined by the PA/US imaging system. A 0-3 scoring system was used to semi-quantify the PA and power-Doppler (PD) signals, and the sums of PA and PD scores (PA-sum and PD-sum scores) of the seven joints were calculated. The relative oxygen saturation (SO2) values of the inflamed joints were measured and classified into 3 PA+SO2 patterns. The correlations between the PA/US imaging scores and the disease activity scores were assessed. RESULTS: Thirty-one patients of RA and a total of 217 joints were examined using the PA/US system. The PA-sum had high positive correlations with the standard clinical scores of RA (DAS28 [ESR] ρ = 0.754, DAS28 [CRP] ρ = 0.796, SDAI ρ = 0.836, CDAI ρ = 0.837, p < 0.001), which were superior to the PD-sum (DAS28 [ESR] ρ = 0.651, DAS28 [CRP] ρ = 0.676, SDAI ρ = 0.716, CDAI ρ = 0.709, p < 0.001). For the patients with high PA-sum scores, significant differences between hypoxia and hyperoxia were identified in pain visual analog score (p = 0.020) and patient's global assessment (p = 0.026). The PA+SO2 patterns presented moderate and high correlation with PGA (ρ = 0.477, p = 0.0077) and VAS pain score (ρ = 0.717, p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: The PA scores have significant correlations with standard clinical scores for RA, and the PA+SO2 patterns are also related with clinical scores that reflect pain severity. PA may have clinical potential in evaluating RA. KEY POINTS: • Multimodal photoacoustic/ultrasound imaging is a novel method to assess micro-vessels and oxygenation of local lesions. • Significant correlations between multimodal imaging parameters and clinical scores of RA patients were verified. • The multimodal PA/US system can provide objective imaging parameters, including PA scores of micro-vessels and relative SO2 value, as a supplementary to disease activity evaluation.

5.
Plant Sci ; 301: 110669, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33218635

RESUMO

Low temperature at the germination stage is one of the major abiotic stresses limiting rice (Oryza sativa L.) production, especially in regions where rice seeds are sown directly. However, few relevant genetic loci and genes have been identified. In this study, we report the phenotypic analysis of low temperature germination (LTG) in 200 indica rice varieties and a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of LTG in this collection using 161,657 high-quality SNPs, which were identified via genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS) of all the rice varieties. A total of 159 genetic loci were detected, and they were evenly distributed on all 12 chromosomes. Among them, 51 loci were detected more than twice; in particular, 23 loci were detected repeatedly in both the wet and dry seasons, and 569 genes were predicted in the 200-kb genomic region harbouring these 23 loci. Furthermore, 14,742 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified using RNA sequencing. By integrating GWAS and RNA sequencing, 179 candidate DEGs were obtained. Sequence variation in the region of loci 95 was analyzed using 20 varieties with extreme phenotype. The polymorphisms of three DEGs (Os07g0585500, Os07g0585700, Os07g0585900) were associated with their phenotypes. Haplotype analysis of the three genes demonstrated that almost all the varieties with the same haplotype as japonica Nipponbare on the three DEGs showed high LTG ability. These findings provide valuable information for understanding the genetic control of LTG and performing molecular breeding with marker-assisted selection in indica rice.

6.
Anal Chem ; 2020 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33166462

RESUMO

Modulating the active sites of oxygen vacancies (OVs) to enhance the catalytic properties of nanomaterials has attracted much research interest in various fields, but its intrinsic catalytic mechanism is always neglected. Herein, we establish an efficient strategy to promote the electrochemical detection of Pb(II) by regulating the concentration of OVs in α-MoO3 nanorods via doping Ce3+/Ce4+ ions. α-MoO3 with the Ce-doped content of 9% (C9M) exhibited the highest detection sensitivity of 106.64 µM µA-1 for Pb(II), which is higher than that achieved by other metal oxides and most precious metal nanomaterials. It is found that C9M possessed the highest concentration of OVs, which trapped some electrons for strong affinity interaction with Pb(II) and provided numerous atomic level interfaces of high surface free energy for catalysis reactions. X-ray absorption fine structure spectra and density functional theory calculation indicate that Pb(II) was bonded with the surface-activated oxygen atoms (Os) around Ce ions and obtained some electrons from Os. Besides, the longer Pb-O bonds on C9M were easier to break, causing a low desorption energy barrier to effectively accelerate Pb(II) desorbing to the electrode surface. This study helps to understand the changes in electronic structure and catalytic performance with heteroatom doping and OVs in chemically inert oxides and provide a reference for designing high-active electrocatalytic interfaces to realize ultrasensitive analysis of environmental contaminants.

7.
Environ Pollut ; : 116051, 2020 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33189448

RESUMO

Bisphenol AF (BPAF) is an emerging environmental pollutant. Although BPAF is widely spread in the environment and human surroundings, its interference with ovarian function has not been fully elucidated. The aim of this study was to identify the mechanism underlying the effect of BPAF on the apoptosis of KGN cells, which maintain the physiological characteristics of ovarian granulosa cells. Our results indicated that BPAF induces KGN cell apoptosis in a concentration- and time-dependent manner. Meanwhile, BPAF exposure significantly promoted the expression of pro-apoptotic proteins, including Bax, Bid and Bak, while the expression of anti-apoptotic proteins, such as Bcl-2, Bcl-xL and Mcl-1, decreased significantly. We further detected a significant increase in intracellular ROS levels in response to high concentrations of BPAF exposure. After blocking the corresponding pathway, it was found that ROS mediates ASK1 and JNK activation. Furthermore, the role of Ca2+ overload and estrogen receptor ß (ERß) in BPAF-induced KGN cell apoptosis was also confirmed by using inhibitors. These results suggest that BPAF has potential reproductive toxicity for females, and ROS-ASK1-JNK axis may play a key role in BPAF-induced ovarian dysfunction. In addition, Ca2+ overload and ERß pathway activation may also be an important mechanism of reproductive toxicity of BPAF.

8.
Dalton Trans ; 2020 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33191419

RESUMO

By employing the ligand azotetrazolyl-2,7-dihydroxynaphthalene (H3ATD), two linear trinuclear mixed-valence cobalt complexes [CoIICoIII2(HATD)4(H2O)4]·4DMA·3H2O (1, DMA = N,N-dimethylacetamide) and [CoIICoIII2(HATD)4(DMF)2(H2O)2]·2DMF·2H2O (2, DMF = N,N-dimethylformamide) were synthesized. Two [2 × 2] grid-like tetranuclear ion-pair complexes [CoII2CoIII2(HATD)4(bpp)2(H2O)2][CoIII(HATD)2]2·8DMF·6H2O (3, bpp = 2,6-di(pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine) and [CoII2CoIII2(HATD)4(bpp)2(H2O)2][CoIII(HATD)2]2·8DMSO·4MeOH (4, DMSO = dimethyl sulphoxide) were obtained by the reaction of complex 1/2 with tridentate-chelating bpp in DMF and DMSO, respectively. The single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis indicated that complexes 1 and 2 have a similar core, in which the DMA in 1 acts as a guest molecule, and the DMF in 2 acts as a coordinated molecule and guest molecule. Complexes 3 and 4 are isostructural. All the Co(ii) ions in 1-4 are present in a distorted octahedral geometry. The ac susceptibility measurements show that all complexes display frequency-dependent peaks in the out-of-phase (χm'') component of the alternating-current (ac) magnetic susceptibility data, which is the characteristic behavior of single molecule magnets (SMMs).

10.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 51(6): 822-827, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33236607

RESUMO

Objective: To study dietary patterns during the second trimester of pregnancy and to investigate the relationship between dietary patterns and gestational weight gain (GWG). Methods: A prospective cohort study was conducted to select healthy singleton pregnant women at 8-14 weeks of gestation in a maternal and child health care institution in Chengdu city. Food items and quantities were collected at 8-14, 24-28, 32-36 weeks of gestation by using the 3-day 24-hour dietary recall and energy intakes were calculated. Dietary patterns during the second trimester were established by factor analysis and factor scores were calculated. The weight of pregnant women was measured at 8-14, 24-28 weeks of gestation and 1 week before delivery, and the total GWG and the GWG rates in the second and third trimesters were calculated. Multiple linear regression analyses were used to analyze the association between dietary patterns and GWG. Results: A total of 1 004 samples were included. Three dietary patterns were identified: Milk-egg-whole grain pattern, Beverage-dessert pattern and Traditional pattern. The average total GWG was (13.2±4.5) kg. The average weight gain rate was (0.4±0.2) kg/week in the second trimester. The average weight gain rate was (0.5±0.3) kg/week in the third trimester. After adjusting for confounding factors including maternal age, body mass index before pregnancy, dietary energy intake, physical activity, multiple linear regression analysis showed that the factor score of Beverage-dessert pattern was positively associated with the total GWG and the weight gain rate in the third trimester ( ß=0.370, 95% confidence interval ( CI): (0.103, 0.636), P=0.007; ß=0.014, 95% CI: (0.000, 0.027), P=0.049, respectively), and the factor score of Traditional pattern was negatively associated with the total GWG ( ß=-0.285, 95% CI: (-0.555, -0.015), P=0.039). There was no association between the Milk-egg-whole grain pattern and GWG. Conclusion: Dietary patterns during the second trimester of pregnancy are associated with GWG. The Beverage-dessert pattern may increase the total GWG and weight gain rate in the third trimester. The traditional pattern may help control the total GWG.

11.
Phytopathology ; 2020 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33245255

RESUMO

The Gram-negative (G-) bacterial species Pectobacterium actinidiae causes summer canker in kiwifruit plants. However, little is known about its virulence factors and the mechanisms of genetic adaptation. We aimed to identify the key determinants that control the virulence of P. actinidiae to kiwifruit by genomic and functional analyses. Within four P. actinidiae isolates, low genetic variability displayed and shared an average 98.7% and 82% in genome-level sequence similarity and coding genes. Phylogenetic analysis, based on both the bulk of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and genomes single-copy genes, revealed that P. actinidiae strains cluster into a sole clade, whichclosly related to the clades of P. odoriferum, the pathogen of vegetable soft rot from a completely different host range. By comparison with these two clades of genomes, 746 unique core orthologs/genes were enriched in the clades of P. actinidiae, especially for the key virulence determinants involved in the biosynthesis of secretion systems (type III, III and IV), iron, flagellar and the quorum-sensing system. Our results provide insights into the pathogenomics basis underlying the genetic diversification and evolution of pathogenicity in the species of P. actinidiae.

12.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 14(10): e0008772, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33057334

RESUMO

Tsutsugamushi disease (TD) is an acute infectious disease caused by Orientia tsutsugamushi. This study aimed to analyze the epidemiological features of TD, investigate chigger mites and their hosts, and investigate the meteorological factors affecting TD incidence and the host of O. tsutsugamushi in Xiamen city, China. Data on reported TD cases were collected from 2006 to 2018. Spearman's correlation test were used for identifying the relationship between meteorological factors and TD incidence and whether meteorological factors affect the host of O. tsutsugamushi. The incidence of reported TD increased gradually from 2006, reached a peak of 4.59 per 100,000 persons in 2014, and then decreased gradually. The TD incidence was seasonal, with epidemic periods occurred mainly in summer and autumn. Patients aged 40-60 years had the highest proportion of cases, accounting for 44.44% of the total cases. Farmers had the largest number of cases among all occupational groups. Rattus Norvegicus was the most common host, accounting for the largest proportion of rats (73.00%), and the highest rat density was observed in March and October every year. There were significant positive correlations between the number of reported cases and average temperature, sunshine duration, and rainfall as well as between rat density and average temperature. On phylogenetic analysis, 7 sequences of hosts and human TD cases obtained from health records demonstrated the highest similarities to the Kato, Karp, and Gilliam strains. No correlations were observed between rat density, and sunshine duration and rainfall. The transmission of TD in Xiamen city, China, was seasonal, and its incidence was affected by several meteorological factors including average temperature, sunshine duration, and rainfall. However, the host of O. tsutsugamushi was only affected by average temperature.

13.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 11: 567955, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33117283

RESUMO

Fetuin-A is a multifunctional glycoprotein that has been implicated in insulin resistance and bone metabolism. We assessed whether fetuin-A is associated with poor or excessive fetal growth. In the Shanghai Birth Cohort, we conducted a nested case-control study of 60 trios of small-for-gestational-age (SGA, birth weight <10th percentile), optimal-for-gestational-age (OGA, 25-75th, the reference) and large-for-gestational-age (LGA, >90th percentile) infants matched by sex and gestational age. Cord plasma concentrations of fetuin-A and fetal growth factors [insulin, proinsulin, insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I and IGF-II] were measured. Cord plasma fetuin-A concentrations were higher in SGA (809.4 ± 306.9 µg/ml, P = 0.026) and LGA (924.2 ± 375.9 µg/ml, P < 0.001) relative to OGA (680.7 ± 262.1 µg/ml) newborns, and were not correlated to insulin, proinsulin, IGF-I and IGF-II (all P > 0.2). Higher fetuin-A concentrations were associated with increased risks of SGA [OR = 1.67 (1.08-2.58) per SD increment, P = 0.024] and LGA [OR = 2.36 (1.53-3.66), P < 0.001]. Adjusting for maternal and neonatal characteristics and fetal growth factors, the elevated risk changed little for LGA [adjusted OR = 2.28 (1.29-4.01), P = 0.005], but became non-significant for SGA (P = 0.202). Our study is the first to demonstrate that fetuin-A may be involved in excessive fetal growth. This association is independent of fetal growth factors.

14.
Can Respir J ; 2020: 2379814, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33082890

RESUMO

Background: Tracheal stenosis is able to lead to airway obstruction. Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety profile of Montgomery T-tube implantation in patients with tracheal stenosis. Methods: Fifty-two patients with tracheal stenosis diagnosed between 2016 and 2019 were included in this retrospective cohort study. The patients were divided into observation group (n = 25 cases) and control group (n = 27). The therapeutic effect, arterial blood gas analysis, arterial oxygen partial pressure (PaO2), arterial carbon dioxide partial pressure (PaCO2), shortness of breath score, airway diameter change, dyspnea score, quality of life, and safety were compared between the two groups before and after treatment. Results: The therapeutic effect of the observation group gained better results than that of the control group (84.00% vs. 62.96%). One week after operation, the pH value, SaO2, PaCO2, shortness of breath score, airway diameter change, dyspnea score, life quality, and incidence of postoperative complications in the observation group exerted better results as compared to the control group. Conclusion: The implantation of Montgomery T-tube has effective function in terms of improving the symptoms of dyspnea and the life quality of patients with safety profile in patients harboring tracheal stenosis.

16.
Eur J Oncol Nurs ; 49: 101836, 2020 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33120218

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of home-based exercise on exercise capacity, cancer-related fatigue, insomnia, pain, appetite loss, coughing, anxiety, depression, and quality of life of patients with lung cancer. METHODS: We conducted a search using English and Chinese databases, namely PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, ProQuest, the Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Chinese Biomedical Literature (CBM), Wanfang Data, and China Science and Technology Journal Database (VIP) up to December 4, 2018. We selected randomized controlled trials and quasi-experimental trials that compared the effects of home-based exercise and routine guidance on exercise capacity, cancer-related fatigue, insomnia, pain, appetite loss, coughing, anxiety, depression, and quality of life of patients with lung cancer. The effect size was calculated using mean difference and 95% confidence interval, data were analyzed using the Stata version 12.0 software. RESULTS: We retrieved seven randomized controlled trials and seven quasi-experimental trials involving 694 patients in total. Home-based exercise significantly improved exercise capacity, reduced cancer-related fatigue, insomnia, anxiety, and depression, and improved quality of life (P < .05). However, it did not significantly reduce pain, appetite loss, and coughing symptoms (P > .05). CONCLUSIONS: Home-based exercise is a beneficial approach to improving exercise capacity, some symptoms, and quality of life of patients with lung cancer. Home-based exercise should be routinely recommended by health professionals when patients with lung cancer are discharged from hospital.

17.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 208: 111429, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33039870

RESUMO

Bisphenol A (BPA) is widely distributed in the environment and human surroundings and is closely related to the occurrence of many chronic diseases including female infertility. Although BPA-induced granulosa cell apoptosis has been widely reported, the underlying mechanisms remain unknown. In this study, we evaluated the induction effect of BPA exposure on apoptosis and mechanisms of regulation in KGN cells (a human granulosa-like tumor cell line). Our results indicated that BPA induced apoptosis of KGN cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner. BPA exposure significantly promoted the expression of pro-apoptotic proteins and decreased mitochondrial membrane potential. We also observed that high concentrations of BPA significantly promoted the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and calcium ion (Ca2+) accumulation. The involvement of ROS and Ca2+ in BPA-induced KGN cell apoptosis was confirmed by pretreatment with NAC (an antioxidant) and BAPTA-AM (a calcium chelator). After inhibitors pretreatment to block the corresponding signaling pathways, it was found that BPA-induced phosphorylation of JNK and ASK1 proteins and apoptosis of KGN cells were significantly inhibited. We pretreated with G15 (a GPER inhibitor) and found that BPA-induced ROS generation and Ca2+ accumulation and apoptosis were significantly inhibited. These results suggest that BPA exposure induces KGN cell apoptosis through GPER-dependent activation of the ROS/Ca2+-ASK1-JNK signaling pathway. Our study provides mechanisms by which BPA induced apoptosis of granulosa cells and ovarian dysfunction.

18.
Respir Res ; 21(1): 257, 2020 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33032592

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) spread rapidly around the world. We aimed to describe the epidemiological characteristics and the entire evolution of COVID-19 in Wuhan, and to evaluate the effect of non-pharmaceutical intervention by the government. METHODS: The information of COVID-19 cases until Mar 18, 2020 in Wuhan were collected from the national infectious disease surveillance system in Hubei province. RESULTS: A total of 49,973 confirmed cases were reported until Mar 18, 2020 in Wuhan. Among whom, 2496 cases died and the overall mortality was 5.0%. Most confirmed cases (25,619, 51.3%) occurred during Jan 23 to Feb 4, with a spike on Feb 1 (new cases, 3374). The number of daily new cases started to decrease steadily on Feb 19 (new cases, 301) and decreased greatly on Mar 1 (new cases, 57). However, the mortality and the proportion of severe and critical cases has been decreasing over time, with the lowest of 2.0 and 10.1% during Feb 16 to Mar 18, 2020, respectively. The percentage of severe and critical cases among all cases was 19.6%, and the percentage of critical and dead cases aged over 60 was 70.1 and 82.0%, respectively. CONCLUSION: The number of new cases has dropped significantly after the government taking the isolation of four types of personnel and the community containment for 14 days. Our results indicate that the mortality and proportion of severe and critical cases gradually decreased over time, and critical and dead cases are more incline to be older individuals.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Órgãos Governamentais , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Isolamento Social , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Adulto Jovem
19.
Anal Chem ; 92(22): 15137-15144, 2020 11 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33119272

RESUMO

Pluripotency of a DNA tetrahedron (DNATT) has made the iconic framework a compelling keystone in biosensors and biodevices. Herein, distinct from the well-tapped applications in substrate fabrication, we focus on exploring their tracing and signaling potentials. A homologous family of four isostructural DNATT, i.e., DNATTα/ß/γ/δ, was engineered to form a sensor circuitry, in which a target-specific monolayer of thiolated DNATTγ pinned down the analyte jointly with the reciprocal DNATTδ into a sandwich complex; the latter further rallied an in situ interdigital relay of biotinylated DNATTα/ß into a microsized hyperlink dubbed polyDNATT. Its scale and growth factors were illuminated rudimentarily in transmission electron microscopy and confocal laser scanning microscopy. Using a nonsmall-cell lung cancer-related microRNA (hsa-miR-193a-3p) as the subject, a compound DNA-backboned construct was synthesized, fusing all building blocks together. Its superb tacticity and stereochemical conformality avail the templating of a horseradish peroxidase train, which boosted the paralleled catalytic surge of proton donors, resulting in an attomolar detection limit and a broad calibration range of more than seven orders of magnitude. Such oligomerization bested the conventional hybridization chain reaction laddering at both biomechanical stability and stoichiometric congruency. More significantly, it demonstrates the flexibility of DNA architectures and their multitasking ability in biosensing.

20.
Theranostics ; 10(24): 10874-10891, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33042259

RESUMO

Rationale: Men and postmenopausal women are more prone to developing non-alcoholic fatty liver disease/steatohepatitis (NAFLD/NASH) than premenopausal women. However, the pathological links and underlying mechanisms of this disparity are still elusive. The sex-difference in hepatic very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) assembly and secretion may contribute to NAFLD development. Estrogen-related receptor alpha (ERRα) is a key regulator of several metabolic processes. We hypothesized that ERRα plays a role contributing to the sex-difference in hepatic VLDL assembly and secretion. Methods: VLDL secretion and essential genes governing said process were assessed in male and female mice. Liver-specific ERRα-deficient (ERRαLKO) mice were generated to assess the rate of hepatic VLDL secretion and alteration in target gene expression. Overexpression of either microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (Mttp) or phospholipase A2 G12B (Pla2g12b) by adenovirus was performed to test if the fatty liver phenotype in male ERRαLKO mice was due to defects in hepatic VLDL secretion. Female ERRαLKO mice were put on a diet high in saturated fat, fructose and cholesterol (HFHC) to promote NASH development. Wild type female mice were either ovariectomized or treated with tamoxifen to induce a state of estrogen deficiency or disruption in estrogen signaling. Adenovirus was used to overexpress ERRα in these mice to test if ERRα was sufficient to rescue the suppressed VLDL secretion due to estrogen dysfunction. Finally, wild type male mice on a high-fat diet (HFD) were treated with an ERRα inverse agonist to assess if suppressing ERRα activity pharmacologically would lead to fatty liver development. Results: ERRα is an indispensable mediator modulating hepatic triglyceride-rich very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL-TG) assembly and secretion through coordinately controlling target genes apolipoprotein B (Apob), Mttp and Pla2g12b in a sex-different manner. Hepatic VLDL-TG secretion is blunted in ERRαLKO mice, leading to hepatosteatosis which exacerbates endoplasmic reticulum stress and inflammation paving ways for NASH development. Importantly, ERRα acts downstream of estrogen/ERα signaling in contributing to the sex-difference in hepatic VLDL secretion effecting hepatic lipid homeostasis. Conclusions: Our results highlight ERRα as a key mediator which contributes to the sex disparity in NAFLD development, suggesting that selectively restoring ERRα activity in the liver may be a novel strategy for treating NAFLD/NASH.

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