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1.
J Med Chem ; 62(5): 2265-2285, 2019 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30785748

RESUMO

Recently, our research group reported the identification of BMS-986104 (2) as a differentiated S1P1 receptor modulator. In comparison to fingolimod (1), a full agonist of S1P1 currently marketed for the treatment of relapse remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS), 2 offers several potential advantages having demonstrated improved safety multiples in preclinical evaluations against undesired pulmonary and cardiovascular effects. In clinical trials, 2 was found to exhibit a pharmacokinetic half-life ( T1/2) longer than that of 1, as well as a reduced formation of the phosphate metabolite that is required for activity against S1P1. Herein, we describe our efforts to discover highly potent, partial agonists of S1P1 with a shorter T1/2 and increased in vivo phosphate metabolite formation. These efforts culminated in the discovery of BMS-986166 (14a), which was advanced to human clinical evaluation. The pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) relationship as well as pulmonary and cardiovascular safety assessments are discussed. Furthermore, efficacy of 14a in multiple preclinical models of autoimmune diseases are presented.

2.
J Med Chem ; 59(24): 11138-11147, 2016 12 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28002964

RESUMO

We describe a highly efficient route for the synthesis of 4a (BMS-986104). A key step in the synthesis is the asymmetric hydroboration of trisubstituted alkene 6. Particularly given the known difficulties involved in this type of transformation (6 → 7), the current methodology provides an efficient approach to prepare this class of compounds. In addition, we disclose the efficacy of 4a in a mouse EAE model, which is comparable to 4c (FTY720). Mechanistically, 4a exhibited excellent remyelinating effects on lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) induced demyelination in a three-dimensional brain cell culture assay.


Assuntos
Encefalomielite Autoimune Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Naftalenos/farmacologia , Receptores de Lisoesfingolipídeo/agonistas , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Linfócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Estrutura Molecular , Naftalenos/síntese química , Naftalenos/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
3.
J Med Chem ; 58(10): 4278-90, 2015 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25905990

RESUMO

An empirical approach to improve the microsomal stability and CYP inhibition profile of lead compounds 1a and 1b led to the identification of 5 (BMS-341) as a dissociated glucocorticoid receptor modulator. Compound 5 showed significant improvements in pharmacokinetic properties and, unlike compounds 1a-b, displayed a linear, dose-dependent pharmacokinetic profile in rats. When tested in a chronic model of adjuvant-induced arthritis in rat, the ED50 of 5 (0.9 mg/kg) was superior to that of both 1a and 1b (8 and 17 mg/kg, respectively).


Assuntos
Artrite Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores das Enzimas do Citocromo P-450/farmacologia , Compostos Heterocíclicos com 3 Anéis/farmacologia , Receptores de Glucocorticoides/metabolismo , Tiadiazóis/farmacologia , Animais , Sangue/efeitos dos fármacos , Sangue/metabolismo , Técnicas de Química Sintética , Citocromo P-450 CYP3A , Inibidores do Citocromo P-450 CYP3A/química , Inibidores do Citocromo P-450 CYP3A/farmacologia , Inibidores das Enzimas do Citocromo P-450/química , Inibidores das Enzimas do Citocromo P-450/farmacocinética , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Cães , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos/métodos , Estabilidade de Medicamentos , Compostos Heterocíclicos com 3 Anéis/química , Compostos Heterocíclicos com 3 Anéis/farmacocinética , Humanos , Masculino , Ratos Endogâmicos Lew , Receptores de Glucocorticoides/agonistas , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Tiadiazóis/química , Tiadiazóis/farmacocinética , Fator de Transcrição AP-1/metabolismo
4.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 24(7): 1843-5, 2014 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24613378

RESUMO

We describe novel alkylsulfones as potent CCR2 antagonists with reduced hERG channel activity and improved pharmacokinetics over our previously described antagonists. Several of these new alkylsulfones have a profile that includes functional antagonism of CCR2, in vitro microsomal stability, and oral bioavailability. With this improved profile, we demonstrate that two of these antagonists, 2 and 12, are orally efficacious in an animal model of inflammatory recruitment.


Assuntos
Receptores CCR2/antagonistas & inibidores , Sulfonas/química , Animais , Cicloexanos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Humanos , Camundongos , Conformação Molecular , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
5.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 22(3): 1384-7, 2012 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22225639

RESUMO

We report the synthesis of 3-phenylsulfonylmethyl cyclohexylaminobenzamides (4) as CCR2 inhibitors for the potential treatment of inflammatory diseases. Several of the compounds display nanomolar binding affinity for CCR2. The in vitro structure-activity relationships of 4 are described, and are also reconciled with those from the related 2-phenylsulfonylmethyl series.


Assuntos
Amidas/síntese química , Aminobenzoatos/síntese química , Modelos Moleculares , Receptores CCR2/antagonistas & inibidores , Enxofre/química , Amidas/química , Amidas/farmacologia , Aminobenzoatos/química , Aminobenzoatos/farmacologia , Animais , Ciclização , Humanos , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Camundongos , Microssomos/enzimologia , Estrutura Molecular , Ligação Proteica/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos , Estereoisomerismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Especificidade por Substrato , Enxofre/farmacologia
6.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 20(8): 2425-30, 2010 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20346664

RESUMO

We describe the design, synthesis, and evaluation, of gamma-lactams as glycinamide replacements within a series of di- and trisubstituted cyclohexane CCR2 antagonists. The lactam-containing trisubstituted cyclohexanes proved to be more potent than the disubstituted analogs, as trisubstituted analog, lactam 13, displayed excellent activity (CCR2 binding IC(50)=1.0 nM and chemotaxis IC(50) = 0.5 nM) and improved metabolic stability over its parent glycinamide.


Assuntos
Cicloexanos/farmacologia , Glicina/análogos & derivados , Lactamas/química , Receptores CCR2/antagonistas & inibidores , Animais , Quimiotaxia/efeitos dos fármacos , Cicloexanos/química , Glicina/química , Camundongos
7.
Org Lett ; 11(6): 1421-4, 2009 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19243133

RESUMO

A novel synthesis of 3-substituted 4(3H)-quinazolinones via HATU-mediated coupling of 4-hydroxyquinazolines with primary amines has been developed. Under mild reaction conditions, the products were achieved in good yield from commercially available starting materials.


Assuntos
Aminas/química , Técnicas de Química Combinatória , Quinazolinonas/síntese química , Estrutura Molecular , Quinazolinonas/química
8.
J Biol Chem ; 283(34): 22992-3003, 2008 Aug 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18574238

RESUMO

The amyloid-beta (Abeta) peptide, which likely plays a key role in Alzheimer disease, is derived from the amyloid-beta precursor protein (APP) through consecutive proteolytic cleavages by beta-site APP-cleaving enzyme and gamma-secretase. Unexpectedly gamma-secretase inhibitors can increase the secretion of Abeta peptides under some circumstances. This "Abeta rise" phenomenon, the same inhibitor causing an increase in Abeta at low concentrations but inhibition at higher concentrations, has been widely observed. Here we show that the Abeta rise depends on the beta-secretase-derived C-terminal fragment of APP (betaCTF) or C99 levels with low levels causing rises. In contrast, the N-terminally truncated form of Abeta, known as "p3," formed by alpha-secretase cleavage, did not exhibit a rise. In addition to the Abeta rise, low betaCTF or C99 expression decreased gamma-secretase inhibitor potency. This "potency shift" may be explained by the relatively high enzyme to substrate ratio under conditions of low substrate because increased concentrations of inhibitor would be necessary to affect substrate turnover. Consistent with this hypothesis, gamma-secretase inhibitor radioligand occupancy studies showed that a high level of occupancy was correlated with inhibition of Abeta under conditions of low substrate expression. The Abeta rise was also observed in rat brain after dosing with the gamma-secretase inhibitor BMS-299897. The Abeta rise and potency shift are therefore relevant factors in the development of gamma-secretase inhibitors and can be evaluated using appropriate choices of animal and cell culture models. Hypothetical mechanisms for the Abeta rise, including the "incomplete processing" and endocytic models, are discussed.


Assuntos
Secretases da Proteína Precursora do Amiloide/metabolismo , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/metabolismo , Regulação Enzimológica da Expressão Gênica , Animais , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Butiratos/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hidrocarbonetos Halogenados/farmacologia , Camundongos , Ligação Proteica , Estrutura Terciária de Proteína , Ratos , Especificidade por Substrato
9.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 17(14): 3910-5, 2007 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17502143

RESUMO

We report the synthesis of benzoazepine-derived cyclic malonamides (2) and aminoamides (3) as gamma-secretase inhibitors for the potential treatment of Alzheimer's disease. The in vitro structure-activity relationships of 2 and 3 along with dog pharmacokinetic results are described.


Assuntos
Amidas/farmacologia , Secretases da Proteína Precursora do Amiloide/antagonistas & inibidores , Azepinas/química , Azepinas/farmacologia , Azepinas/síntese química , Ciclização , Modelos Moleculares , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
10.
Biopolymers ; 71(6): 717-29, 2003.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-14991680

RESUMO

A series of novel nonpeptide inhibitors of the pp60(c-Src) (Src) SH2 domain is described that exploit multifunctional group replacement of the phenylphosphate moiety of phosphotyrosine (pTyr). Relative to an x-ray structure of citrate complexed to the pTyr binding site of the Src SH2 domain, these nonpeptide ligands illustrate the systematic replacement of the phosphate group by multiple nonhydrolyzable, mono- or dianionic functionalities. Specifically, several phenylalanine (Phe) analogs incorporating key 4' and 3' substituents were synthesized and incorporated into a bicyclic benzamide template previously reported (W. C. Shakespeare et al., Proceedings of the National Academy of Science USA, 2000, Vol. 97, pp. 9373-9378). These pTyr mimetics included 4',3'-diphosphono-Phe (Dpp), 4',3'-dicarboxymethyloxy-Phe (Dcp), and 4'-phosphono-3'-carboxymethyloxy-Phe (Cpp). Noteworthy were nonpeptide inhibitors 8-11 that were 5- to 10-fold more potent than the cognate tetrapeptide ligand Ac-pTyr-Glu-Glu-Ile-NH(2) in binding to the Src SH2 domain.


Assuntos
Peptídeos/química , Fosfotirosina/química , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas pp60(c-src)/antagonistas & inibidores , Domínios de Homologia de src , Sítios de Ligação , Materiais Biomiméticos/química , Materiais Biomiméticos/farmacologia , Desenho de Drogas , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Modelos Moleculares , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
11.
Mini Rev Med Chem ; 2(5): 475-88, 2002 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12370048

RESUMO

The structural and functional characterization of Src homology-2 (SH2) domains and their relationship to catalytic proteins (e.g., kinases, phosphatases, and lipases) or non-catalytic proteins (e.g., upstream adapters, and downstream transcription factors) has significantly impacted our understanding of signal transduction pathways and the identification of promising therapeutic targets for drug discovery. Such SH2-containing proteins are known to be intimately involved in the regulation of a number of cellular processes, including growth, mitogenesis, motility, metabolism, and gene transcription. Molecular recognition and biochemical selectivity exists for various SH2 domains based on their binding to phosphotyrosine (pTyr) and contiguous C-terminal amino acids of cognate protein 'partners' in a sequence-dependent manner (i.e., -pTyr-AA(1)-AA(2)-AA(3)-) which result in the formation of signal transduction protein complexes in cells. In recent years, drug discovery efforts have advanced peptidomimetic and nonpeptide inhibitors of such protein-protein interactions based on mimicking pTyr-containing peptide ligands as well as SH2 structure-based de novo design of nonpeptide templates that can capture key binding sites on the target protein. Noteworthy are peptidomimetic and nonpeptide inhibitors of Src, Lck, Grb2, PI-3K, and Zap70 from pioneering efforts that led to the first examples of cellularly and in vivo active SH2 inhibitors. This mini-review highlights key achievements in SH2 inhibitor drug discovery with an emphasis on peptidomimetic and nonpeptide lead compounds in terms of structure-based design, key chemical and biological properties, and proof-of-concept studies relative to further defining the role(s) of SH2 domains in signal transduction processes, cellular functions, and in vivo disease models.


Assuntos
Mimetismo Molecular , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Domínios de Homologia de src/efeitos dos fármacos , Conformação Molecular , Peptídeos/química , Transdução de Sinais , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
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