Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 322
Filtrar
1.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 183: 113214, 2021 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33836431

RESUMO

Light absorption and interfacial engineering of photoactive materials play vital roles in photoexcited electron generation and electron transport, and ultimately boost the performance of photoelectrochemical (PEC) biosensing. In this work, a novel high-performance photoelectrochemical (PEC) biosensing platform was fabricated based on nonmetallic plasmonic tungsten oxide hydrate nanosheets (WO3•H2O) coupling with nitrogen doped graphene quantum dots (N-GQDs) by a facile one-step hydrothermal approach. The localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) properties were achieved by oxygen vacancy engineered WO3·H2O (dWO3•H2O), which could greatly extend the light absorption from visible light to near-infrared light. Moreover, by coupling with N-GQDs, the as-fabricated heterojunction (dWO3•H2O@N-GQD) provided a much enhanced photoelectric response due to the efficient charge transfer. By conjugation with E.coli O157:H7 aptamer, a novel PEC aptasensor based on dWO3•H2O@N-GQD heterojunction was fabricated with a high sensitivity for detection of E.coli O157:H7. The limit of detection (LOD) of this PEC aptasensor is 0.05 CFU/mL with a linear detection range from 0.1 to 104 CFU/mL. Moreover, high reproducibility and good accuracy could also be achieved for analysis in milk samples. This work could provide a promising platform for the development of PEC bioanalysis and offer an insight into the non-metallic plasmonic materials based heterojunctions for high-performances PEC biosensing.

2.
Environ Sci Technol ; 2021 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33710877

RESUMO

Elucidation of the chemical components of airborne fine particulate matter (PM2.5) facilitates the characterization of atmospheric contamination sources and associated human exposure risks. In the present study, we employed a high-throughput analytical approach to investigate the abundance and distribution of 163 plastic additives in ambient PM2.5 collected from 94 different sites across the Pearl River Delta region, China. These chemicals are from six categories, including organophosphate esters (OPEs), phthalate esters (PAEs), PAE replacements, bisphenol analogues, UV stabilizers, and antioxidants. Ninety-three of them exhibited a detection frequency greater than 50% in PM2.5, while the combined concentrations of target plastic additives ranged from 610 to 49,400 µg/g (median: 3500 µg/g) across sites. By category, concentrations of PAEs (median: 2710 µg/g) were one to three orders of magnitude greater than those of other groups, followed by PAE replacements (540 µg/g) and OPEs (76.2 µg/g). Chemical-dependent exposure risks to PM2.5-bound plastic additives were characterized via the estimated daily intake and hazard quotient (HQ) approaches, which resulted in two different risk prioritization systems. Although the HQ approach suggested no or very low health concerns when considering individual chemicals, the complexity of co-concurrent chemicals in PM2.5 raises the concern on potential health risks from exposure to airborne particles and a cocktail of chemical components.

3.
Appl Microbiol Biotechnol ; 105(5): 2033-2042, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33582833

RESUMO

Liver cancer, one of the most common types of cancer in the world, is the second leading cause of death for cancer patients. For liver cancer, there is an urgent need for an effective treatment with no or less toxic side effects. Lactonic sophorolipids (LSL), as a potential anticancer drug, has attracted wide attention of pharmaceutical researchers with its good biological activities. The effects of LSL and cell death inhibitors were measured by MTT test on HepG2 cells. Meanwhile, the morphology of the cells was observed under a microscope. The apoptosis rate was detected by flow cytometry, and the expression levels of enzyme activity of Caspase-3 and Caspase-9 were measured by detection kits. Meanwhile, mRNA levels of Apaf-1, Caspase-3, Bax, and Bcl-2 were measured by quantitative real-time RT-PCR; protein levels of Caspase-3, Cleaved Caspase-3, Bax, and Bcl-2 were measured by western blot. LSL can inhibit the proliferation of cells, and it is possible to induce apoptosis in cells. The HepG2 cells with LSL co-culture exhibited typical apoptotic morphology, and the expression levels of enzyme activity of Caspase-3 and Caspase-9 increased (P< 0.05). We also found that LSL increases cell apoptosis rate and regulates the expression of genes and proteins associated with apoptosis through the Caspase-3 pathway. These results indicate that LSL may be one of the potential drug candidates to inhibit the proliferation and induce apoptosis in HepG2 cells.Key points• LSL, which is of good biological activities such as anti-bacterium, virus elimination, and inflammatory response elimination, has been firstly used to intervene in vitro to investigate its effect on HepG2 cell proliferation.• LSL can inhibit the proliferation of cells, and it is possible to induce apoptosis in HepG2 cells through the Caspase-3 pathway.• The mechanism of LSL action on HepG2 cell proliferation was firstly also discussed, which provides a certain experimental reference for the clinical treatment of liver cancer.

4.
Sci Total Environ ; 766: 142365, 2021 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33601665

RESUMO

Emerging evidence suggests associations between Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) exposure and asthma, but the findings are inconsistent. The current study sought to investigate whether perfluorooctanesulfonate (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoate (PFOA) could contribute to asthma exacerbation and to clarify the underlying biological mechanisms. The objectives are a) to determine whether PFOS or PFOA could aggravate the mouse asthma and pulmonary inflammation b) to investigate whether PFOS and PFOA regulate the balance of Th1/Th2 through the JAK-STAT signaling pathway and aggravated asthma. Ovalbumin (OVA) induced asthmatic mice were exposed to PFOS or PFOA by gavage. PFOS and PFOA serum level and toxicity in organs were assessed; and the impacts on respiratory symptoms, lung tissue pathology, T helper cell (Th2) response, and STAT6 pathway activity were also evaluated. In vitro Jurkat cells were used to study the mechanisms of PFOS and PFOA mediated Th1 and Th2 responses. Both PFOS and PFOA exacerbated lung tissue inflammation (greater number of eosinophils and mucus hyperproduction), upregulated Th2 cytokine production (IL-4 and IL-13), and promoted Th2 cells and STAT6 activation. Furthermore, PFOS and PFOA enhanced the Th2 response in Jurkat cells via STAT6 activation; and the effect of PFOS exposure on GATA-3, IL-4 and IFN-γ was blocked after the expression of STAT6 was suppressed in Jurkat cells, however, the effects of PFOA exposure were only partially blocked. PFOS and PFOA aggravated inflammation among OVA-induced asthmatic mice, by promoting the Th2 response in lymphocytes and disturbing the balance of Th1/Th2 through the JAK-STAT signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Asma , Fluorcarbonetos , Ácidos Alcanossulfônicos , Animais , Asma/induzido quimicamente , Caprilatos , Fluorcarbonetos/toxicidade , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Pulmão , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C
5.
Exp Biol Med (Maywood) ; : 1535370220986769, 2021 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33535808

RESUMO

IMPACT STATEMENT: For glioma treatment, gene therapy/virotherapy approach is a promising candidate. The Ras gene is reported to play a vital role in the RAS/RAF/mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway in gliomas. Thus, targeting the Ras gene should be a reasonable potential therapeutic method for glioma. In the present study, we used cytokine-induced killer (CIK) cells as secondary vectors to systemically deliver recombinant adenovirus KGHV500 to glioma xenografts and investigated the anti-tumor efficiency of recombinant adenovirus KGHV500 in vitro and in vivo. Our results expand evidence that targeting Ras is a useful and potential therapeutic strategy for gliomas. We believe that anti-p21Ras scFv delivered by recombinant adenovirus and CIK cells may play an important role in the therapy of Ras-driven cancers.

6.
Cell Rep Phys Sci ; : 100288, 2021 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33432308

RESUMO

The novel coronavirus pandemic is sweeping the world and causing global crises. The lack of effective methods of early diagnosis and accurate detection may result in severe infection as well as mortality. Therefore, it is urgently required that rapid, selective, and accurate techniques for detecting pathogenic viruses are developed. Nanotechnology-based biosensors are finding many applications in biological detection, which may address these issues and realize direct detection of molecular targets in real time. Among various nanoplatforms, optical nanobiosensors have aroused much interest due to their inherent advantages of high sensitivity and direct readout. In this review, a summary of recent progress on the optical biosensors based on nanotechnology for pathogenic virus detection is provided, with focus on quantum dots (QDs), upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs), noble metal nanoparticles, and organic fluorescent molecules-based nanoprobes and chemiluminescence assays. These representative studies demonstrate appealing performance as biosensors and hold great promise for clinical diagnosis.

7.
Mikrochim Acta ; 188(1): 9, 2021 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33389210

RESUMO

A novel dual-functional nanoprobe was designed and synthesized by facile assembly of quinoline derivative (PEIQ) and meso-tetra (4-carboxyphenyl) porphine (TCPP) via electrostatic interaction for simultaneous sensing of fluorescence of Zn2+ and pH. Under the single-wavelength excitation at 400 nm, this nanoprobe not only exhibits "OFF-ON" green fluorescence at 512 nm by specific PEIQ-Zn2+ chelation, but also presents red fluorescence enhancement at 654 nm by H+-triggered TCPP release. The nanoprobe demonstrated excellent sensing performance with a good linear range (Zn2+, 1-40 µM; pH, 5.0-8.0), low detection limit (Zn2+, 0.88 µM), and simultaneous response towards Zn2+ and pH in pure aqueous solution within 2 min. More importantly, this dual-functional nanoprobe demonstrates the capability of discerning cancerous cells from normal cells, as evidenced by the fact that cancerous HepG2 cells in tumor microenvironment exhibit substantially higher red fluorescence and significantly lower green fluorescence than normal HL-7702 cells. The simultaneous, real-time fluorescence imaging of multiple analytes in a living system could be significant for cell analysis and tracking, cancer diagnosis, and even fluorescence-guided surgery of tumors.

9.
J Mater Chem B ; 9(4): 1096-1106, 2021 01 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33427278

RESUMO

Instead of directly stimulating osteogenesis, endowing an implant surface with a favourable osteoimmunomodulatory (OIM) function has emerged as a new effective strategy to enhance osteointegration. Though metal-phenolic coatings have demonstrated to possess an immunomodulatory function, their potential application in manipulating an osteoimmune response has not been well explored. Herein, in order to develop a simple, rapid and universal coating method to impart excellent OIM to hard tissue implants, tannic acid (TA) and Mg2+ were selected to form a coating on Ti plate based on metal-phenolic chemistry. Besides its virtues of simplicity, ultrafastness, low-cost, and versatility, another merit for the coating method is that it can easily combine the unique functions of metal ions and phenolic ligands. The chelated Mg2+ can not only activate macrophage polarization towards the anti-inflammatory phenotype but also directly stimulate the osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow-derived stem cells (BMSCs). TA motifs rendered the coating with an excellent reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenging capacity. TA and Mg2+ showed synergistic effects on regulating macrophage biological behaviour, suppressing its polarization towards the M1 phenotype, and promoting its polarization towards the M2 phenotype. In vivo histological analysis also demonstrated that the TA/Mg2+ coating could effectively inhibit the host response. Finally, the formed osteoimmune environment obviously enhanced the osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs. The above results demonstrated that the designed TA/Mg2+ coating not only possessed the function of directly stimulating osteogenesis but also the function of manipulating OIM to a desired one. Hence, it has great potential to be applied on advanced hard tissue implants to enhance osteointegration.


Assuntos
Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Imunomodulação/efeitos dos fármacos , Magnésio/farmacologia , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Próteses e Implantes , Taninos/farmacologia , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis/síntese química , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis/química , Magnésio/química , Camundongos , Tamanho da Partícula , Células RAW 264.7 , Propriedades de Superfície , Taninos/química
10.
Environ Pollut ; 270: 116211, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33348139

RESUMO

Evidence concerning effects of ambient air pollution on homocysteine (HCY) metabolism is scarce. We aimed to explore the associations between ambient particulate matter (PM) exposure and the HCY metabolism markers and to evaluate effect modifications by folate, vitamin B12, and methylenetetrahyfrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T gene polymorphism. Between December 1, 2017 and January 5, 2018, we conducted a panel study in 88 young college students in Guangzhou, China, and received 5 rounds of health examinations. Real-time concentrations of PMs with aerodynamic diameter ≤2.5 (PM2.5), ≤1.0 (PM1.0), and ≤0.1 (PM0.1) were monitored, and the serum HCY metabolism markers (i.e., HCY, S-Adenosylhomocysteine [SAH], and S-Adenosylmethionine [SAM]) were repeatedly measured. We applied linear mixed effect models combined with a distributed lag model to evaluate the associations of PMs with the HCY metabolism markers. We also explored effect modifications of folate, vitamin B12, and the MTHFR C677T polymorphism on the associations. We observed that higher concentrations of PM2.5 and PM1.0 were associated with higher serum levels of HCY, SAH, SAM, and SAM/SAH ratio (e.g., a 10 µg/m3 increase in PM2.5 during lag 0 day and lag 5 day was significantly associated with 1.3-19.4%, 1.3-28.2%, 6.2-64.4%, and 4.8-28.2% increase in HCY, SAH, SAM, and SAM/SAH ratio, respectively). In addition, we observed that the associations of PM2.5 with the HCY metabolism markers were stronger in participants with lower B vitamins levels. This study demonstrated that short-term exposure to PM2.5 and PM1.0 was deleteriously associated with the HCY metabolism markers, especially in people with lower B vitamins levels.


Assuntos
Complexo Vitamínico B , China , Homocisteína , Humanos , Metilenotetra-Hidrofolato Redutase (NADPH2)/genética , Oxirredutases , Material Particulado , Polimorfismo Genético
11.
Mol Med Rep ; 23(1): 1, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33179101

RESUMO

Huangqi, the dried root of Radix Astragali, is an essential herb in Traditional Chinese Medicine and has been used to promote hematopoiesis for centuries. Astragalus polysaccharide (ASPS), the bioactive compound of Huangqi, serves a crucial role in hematopoiesis. The aim of the present study was to investigate the hematopoietic effects, in particular the thrombopoietic effects, and the molecular mechanisms of ASPS using an irradiation­induced myelosuppressive mouse model. Colony­forming unit assays, flow cytometric analysis of apoptosis, ELISAs, Giemsa staining and western blotting were performed to determine the hematopoietic and anti­apoptotic effects of ASPS. The results demonstrated that ASPS enhanced the recovery of red blood cells at day 21 following treatment, as well as platelets and white blood cells at day 14. In addition, ASPS promoted colony formation in all lineages (megakaryocytes, granulocyte monocytes, erythroid cells and fibroblasts). The morphological study of the bone marrow demonstrated that tri­lineage hematopoiesis was preserved in the ASPS­ and thrombopoietin (TPO)­treated groups compared with the control group. The overall cellularity (mean total cell count/area) of the ASPS­treated group was similar to that of the TPO­treated group. Additionally, in vitro experiments indicated that treatment with 100 µg/ml ASPS exhibited the maximum effect on colony formation. ASPS attenuated cell apoptosis in megakaryocytic cells via inhibiting the mitochondrial caspase­3 signaling pathway. In conclusion, ASPS promoted hematopoiesis in irradiated myelosuppressive mice possibly via enhancing hematopoietic stem/progenitor cell proliferation and inhibiting megakaryocytes apoptosis.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33269927

RESUMO

Multiplexed detection of viral nucleic acids is important for rapid screening of viral infection. In this study, we present a molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) nanosheet-modified dendrimer droplet microarray (DMA) for rapid and sensitive detection of retroviral nucleic acids of human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) and human immunodeficiency virus-2 (HIV-2) simultaneously. The DMA platform was fabricated by omniphobic-omniphilic patterning on a surface-grafted dendrimer substrate. Functionalized MoS2 nanosheets modified with fluorescent dye-labeled oligomer probes were prepatterned on positively charged amino-modified omniphilic spots to form a fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) sensing microarray. With the formation of separated microdroplets of sample on the hydrophobic-hydrophilic micropattern, prepatterned oligomer probes specifically hybridized with the target HIV genes and detached from the MoS2 nanosheet surface due to weakening of the adsorption force, leading to fluorescence signal recovery. As a proof of concept, we used this microarray with a small sample size (<150 nL) for simultaneous detection of HIV-1 and HIV-2 nucleic acids with a limit of detection (LOD) of 50 pM. The multiplex detection capability was further demonstrated for simultaneous detection of five viral genes (HIV-1, HIV-2, ORFlab, and N genes of SARS-COV-2 and M gene of Influenza A). This work demonstrated the potential of this novel MoS2-DMA FRET sensing platform for high-throughput multiplexed viral nucleic acid screening.

13.
Curr Protoc Chem Biol ; 12(4): e87, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33275330

RESUMO

Small molecule microarray (SMM) technology has become a powerful tool used in high-throughput screening for target-based drug discovery. One area in which SMMs have found use is the identification of small molecule ligands for RNA. RNAs with unique secondary or tertiary three-dimensional structures are considered to be attractive targets for small molecules. Complex RNA structures can form hydrophobic pockets suitable for small molecule binding, representing an opportunity for developing novel therapeutics. Our lab has previously taken a target-based approach, screening a single target against many small molecules on an SMM platform. Here, we report a screening protocol for SMMs to investigate multiple RNAs simultaneously using multi-color imaging. By introducing a mixture containing different fluorophore-labeled RNAs, the fluorescence signal of each binding event can be observed simultaneously. Thus, the specificity of a hit compound binding to one RNA target over other highly abundant RNAs (such as tRNA or rRNA) can be easily evaluated. © 2020 Wiley Periodicals LLC. Basic Protocol: RNA screening on SMMs by multi-color imaging Support Protocol 1: Preparation of SMM slides Support Protocol 2: Fluorophore labeling of RNA through maleimide chemistry.

14.
J Extracell Vesicles ; 10(1): e12003, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33304472

RESUMO

Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is the most common cancer with high metastatic potential that occurs in the epithelial cells of the nasopharynx. Distant metastases are the primary cause for treatment failure and mortality of NPC patients. However, the underlying mechanism responsible for the initiation of tumour cell dissemination and tumour metastasis in NPC is not well understood. Here, we demonstrated that epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) was highly expressed in tumour tissues of NPC patients with distant metastases and was associated with a decrease in reactive oxygen species (ROS). We also revealed that extracellular vesicles (EVs) transfer occurred from highly to poorly metastatic NPC cells, mediating cell-cell communication and enhancing the metastatic potential of poorly metastatic NPC cells. Further experiments indicated that EVs derived from highly metastatic NPC cells induced the up-regulation of EGFR and down-regulation of ROS in low metastatic NPC cells. Mechanistically, EGFR-rich EVs-mediated EGFR overexpression down-regulated intracellular ROS levels through the PI3K/AKT pathway, thus promoting the metastatic potential of poorly metastatic NPC cells. Strikingly, treatment with EVs secreted from highly metastatic NPC cells was significantly associated with rapid NPC progression and shorter survival in xenografted mice. These findings not only improve our understanding of EVs-mediated NPC metastatic mechanism but also have important implications for the detection and treatment of NPC patients accompanied by aberrant EGFR-rich EVs transmission.

15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(51): e23166, 2020 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33371061

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: To identify the risk factors associated with velamentous cord insertion (VCI) and investigate the association between adverse pregnancy outcomes and VCI in singleton pregnancies and those with vasa previa.A total of 59,976 single cases admitted from Qinhuangdao Maternal and Child Health Hospital and Qinhuangdao Beidaihe Hospital from January 2004 to January 2014 were included in this study. We retrospectively analyzed the perinatal complications, neonatal complications, and the clinical features, as well as the Color Doppler ultrasonography findings of the velamentous placenta and placenta previa.We reviewed the clinical data of 59,976 women with singleton pregnancies delivered in Qinhuangdao Maternal and Child Health Hospital and Qinhuangdao Beidaihe Hospital from January 2004 to January 2014. Risk factors and the risks of adverse pregnancy outcomes including admission to a neonatal unit, fetal death, preterm delivery, low birth weight of <2500 g, the infant being small for its gestation age, low Apgar scores (<7) at 1 and 5 minute were evaluated separately among women with and without VCI by means of logistic regression analyses.The prevalence of velamentous umbilical cord insertion was 0.84%, and the prevalence of vasa previa was 0.0017%. The independent risk factors for VCI were nulliparity, obesity, fertility problems, placenta previa, and maternal smoking. VCI was associated with a 1.83-, 2.58-, 3.62-, and 1.41-fold increase in the risk of retention in the neonatal unit, preterm delivery (<37 gestation weeks), low birth weight, and small-for-gestational age, compared to pregnancies involving normal cord insertion. Of the women with VCI, 16.1% underwent emergency cesarean section compared to 8.9% (P < .001) of women without VCI.The prevalence of VCI was 0.84% in singletons. The results suggest that VCI is a moderate risk condition resulted in increased risks of prematurity and impairment of fetal growth.


Assuntos
Placenta Prévia/epidemiologia , Resultado da Gravidez/epidemiologia , Cordão Umbilical/patologia , Vasa Previa/epidemiologia , Adulto , Índice de Apgar , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Morte Fetal/etiologia , Humanos , Recém-Nascido de Baixo Peso , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal/estatística & dados numéricos , Placenta Prévia/diagnóstico por imagem , Gravidez , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Ultrassonografia Doppler em Cores , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal , Cordão Umbilical/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasa Previa/diagnóstico , Adulto Jovem
16.
Acta Ophthalmol ; 2020 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33354932

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diabetic retinopathy and chronic kidney disease are both major complications of diabetes mellitus. We explored the relationship between retinal vessel density (VD) and albuminuria in diabetic patients without conventionally defined diabetic retinopathy. METHODS: The cross-sectional community-based Kailuan Diabetic Retinopathy Study included patients with type 2 diabetes without diabetic retinopathy who participated in the community-based longitudinal Kailuan study and who had undergone ocular fundus photography, kidney function assessment, and optical coherence tomographic angiography (OCT-angiography) for the assessment the retinal perfusion density (PD) and retinal VD. RESULTS: The study included 447 patients (mean age: 60.9 ± 9.7 years). Higher PD and VD were associated with a lower urinary albumin-creatinine ratio (uACR) (macular region: p = 0.007: standardized regression coefficient beta: -0.14; and p = 0.008, beta: -0.13, respectively; parafoveal region: p = 0.006, beta: -0.14; and p = 0.007, beta: -0.14, respectively) after adjusting for age and ocular axial length. In a reverse manner, higher uACR was associated with lower PD and VD (macular region: p = 0.009, beta: -0.14; and p = 0.01, beta: -0.14, respectively; parafoveal region: p = 0.008, beta: -0.14; and p = 0.01, beta: -0.14, respectively), after adjusting for diabetes duration, blood pressure, serum concentration of C-reactive protein and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and ocular axial length. In a multivariable model, the prevalence of macroalbuminuria increased by 11% (95% CI: 2%, 18%) and 17% (95% CI: 3%, 30%), respectively, for each mm-1 decrease in VD and each unit decrease in PD. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: After adjusting for systemic and ocular parameters, diabetic patients without diabetic retinopathy showed a reduction in OCT-angiographic retinal vascular measurements in association with systemic parameters indicating chronic kidney disease. Optical coherence tomographic (OCT)-angiographic retinal microvascular parameters may serve as markers for chronic kidney disease.

17.
Br J Ophthalmol ; 2020 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33199301

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Different glial-autoantibodies-related paediatric optic neuritis (ON) are associated with different clinical characteristics and prognosis that require different treatments. Because glial autoantibody detection is not available in some parts of the world and there is often a delay in obtaining results, clinical factors that can be used to predict the subtype of paediatric ON are needed. METHODS: This was a single-centre retrospective cohort study. Children who presented with their first ON attack and with complete clinical data were included in the analysis. Single and multiple parameters for predicting paediatric myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein immunoglobin-associated ON (MOG-ON) and aquaporin-4 immunoglobin-related ON (AQP4-ON) were calculated. RESULTS: 78 paediatric patients had their first ON attack from January 2016 to December 2019, of whom 69 were included in the final analysis, including 33 MOG-ON cases, 17 AQP4-ON cases and 19 Seronegative-ON cases. For predicting paediatric MOG-ON, the most sensitive predictors were 'male or optic disc swelling (ODS) or bilateral' (sensitivity 0.97 (95% CI 0.82 to 1.00)) and 'follow-up visual acuity (VA) ≤0.1 logMAR or ODS' (sensitivity 0.97 (95% CI 0.82 to 1.00)), and the most specific factor was 'Age ≤11 y and simultaneous CNS involvement' (specificity 0.97 (95% CI 0.84 to 1.00)). For predicting paediatric AQP4-ON, the most sensitive predictor was 'Female or without ODS' (sensitivity 1.00 (95% CI 0.77 to 1.00)), and the most specific factors were Neurological history (sensitivity 0.94 (95% CI 0.83 to 0.98)) and follow-up VA >1.0 logMAR (sensitivity 0.96 (95% CI 0.86 to 0.99)). CONCLUSION: According to our data from a Chinese paediatric cohort, using multiple parameters increases the sensitivity and specificity of diagnosing paediatric MOG-ON and AQP4-ON. These can assist clinicians in diagnosing and treating paediatric ON when glial autoantibody status is not available.

18.
Mol Med Rep ; 22(6): 4485-4491, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33173966

RESUMO

In December 2019, an emergence of pneumonia was detected in patients infected with a novel coronavirus (CoV) in Wuhan (Hubei, China). The International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses named the virus severe acute respiratory syndrome­CoV­2 and the disease CoV disease­19 (COVID­19). Patients with COVID­19 present with symptoms associated with respiratory system dysfunction and hematological changes, including lymphopenia, thrombocytopenia and coagulation disorders. However, to the best of our knowledge, the pathogenesis of COVID­19 remains unclear. Therefore, understanding the mechanisms underlying the hematological changes that manifest during COVID­19 may aid in the development of treatments and may improve patient prognosis.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/sangue , Pneumonia Viral/sangue , Anticorpos Antivirais/imunologia , Complexo Antígeno-Anticorpo/imunologia , Antivirais/farmacologia , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Betacoronavirus/imunologia , Microambiente Celular , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Síndrome da Liberação de Citocina/sangue , Síndrome da Liberação de Citocina/etiologia , Síndrome da Liberação de Citocina/prevenção & controle , Citocinas/sangue , Testes Diagnósticos de Rotina , Endotélio Vascular/patologia , Testes Hematológicos , Hematopoese/efeitos dos fármacos , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/patologia , Humanos , Hipoalbuminemia/etiologia , Fígado/fisiopatologia , Pulmão/fisiopatologia , Linfopenia/etiologia , Linfopenia/fisiopatologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/etiologia , Trombocitopenia/etiologia , Trombocitopenia/fisiopatologia , Trombofilia/etiologia
19.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(21)2020 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33143160

RESUMO

Tumor cells metastasize to distal organs mainly through hematogenous dissemination, where they experience considerable levels of fluid shear stress. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) plays a critical role in tumor metastasis. However, how fluid shear stress influences the EMT phenotype of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) in suspension has not been fully understood. The role of shear-induced EMT in cell survival under blood shear flow remains unclear. This study shows that the majority of breast CTCs underwent apoptosis under shear flow and the surviving cells exhibited mesenchymal phenotype, suggesting that fluid shear stress induces EMT. Mechanistically, fluid shear stress-activated Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) signaling, inhibition/activation of which suppressed/promoted the EMT phenotype. In particular, shear flow facilitated the JNK-dependent transition of epithelial CTCs into the mesenchymal status and maintained the pre-existing mesenchymal cells. Importantly, the induction of EMT suppressed the pro-apoptosis gene p53 upregulated modulator of apoptosis (PUMA) and enhanced the survival of suspended CTCs in fluid shear stress, which was rescued by overexpressing PUMA or silencing JNK signaling, suggesting that shear-induced EMT promotes CTC survival through PUMA downregulation and JNK activation. Further, the expressions of EMT markers and JUN were correlated with poor patient survival. In summary, our findings have demonstrated that fluid shear stress induces EMT in suspended CTCs via JNK signaling that promotes their survival in shear flow. This study thus unveils a new role of blood shear stress in CTC survival and facilitates the development of novel therapeutics against tumor metastasis.

20.
Environ Sci Technol ; 54(21): 13771-13777, 2020 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33086790

RESUMO

Organophosphate esters (OPEs) represent an important group of industrial additives with broad applications. However, their occurrences and fate in the atmospheric environment have not been sufficiently investigated. Our study focused on four novel OPEs, including tris(2,4-di-tert-butylphenyl) phosphate (AO168 = O), bis(2,4-di-tert-butylphenyl) pentaerythritol diphosphate, triisodecyl phosphate, and trisnonylphenol phosphate, and characterized their organophosphite antioxidant (OPA) precursors and selected transformation products, in airborne fine particles from South China. House dust from South China was also studied for comparison. Among these four OPEs, exceedingly high concentrations were determined for AO168 = O (i.e., median: 25 500 ng/g in PM2.5, 52 900 ng/g in PM1.0, and 10 700 ng/g in indoor dust), reaching 1 order of magnitude greater than those of traditional OPEs. Their OPA precursors were not detectable in airborne particles but hypothesized as one of the sources for airborne OPEs. In addition, potential transformation products of AO168 = O, including bis(2,4-di-tert-butylphenyl) phosphate (B2,4DtBPP) and 2,4-di-tert-butylphenol (2,4DtBP), also exhibited broad distributions. The levels of 2,4DtBP even surpassed those of AO168 = O in particles. The links between OPAs, OPEs, and other transformation products indicate the complexity of OPE-related chemicals in atmospheric environments. These links should be taken into consideration for a better characterization of OPEs' environmental and health risks.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...