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1.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32003123

RESUMO

Preeclampsia is a severe pregnancy-related disease that is found in 3%-5% of pregnancies worldwide and is primarily related to the decreased proliferation and invasion of trophoblast cells and abnormal uterine spiral artery remodelling. However, studies on the pathogenesis of placental trophoblasts are insufficient, and the aetiology of PE remains unclear. Here, we report that endothelial protein C receptor (EPCR), a transmembrane glycoprotein, was down-regulated in placentas from preeclamptic patients. Moreover, lack of EPCR significantly reduced the trophoblast cell proliferation, invasion and tube formation capabilities. Microscale thermophoresis analysis showed that EPCR directly bound to protease-activated receptor 1 (PAR-1), a G protein-coupled receptor. This change resulted in a substantial reduction in active Rac1 and caused excessive actin rearrangement. Our findings reveal a previously unidentified role of EPCR in the regulation of trophoblast proliferation, invasion and tube formation through promotion of actin polymerization, which is required for normal placental development.

2.
Analyst ; 145(3): 797-804, 2020 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31894762

RESUMO

Detecting trace amounts of copper ions (Cu2+) is of high importance since copper is an essential element in the environment and the human body. Despite the recent advances in Cu2+ detection, the current approaches still suffer from insensitivity and lack of in situ detection in living cells. In the present work, a fluorescent nanosensor based on porphyrinic metal-organic framework nanoparticles (MOF-525 NPs) is proposed for sensitive and selective monitoring of Cu2+ in aqueous solution and living cells. The MOF-525 NPs with attractive properties, including ultrasmall size, good water dispersity and intense red fluorescence, are prepared via a facile and environment-friendly hydrothermal route. The fluorescence signal of MOF-525 NPs could be quenched statically by Cu2+ with high selectivity due to the strong affinity of Cu2+ to the porphyrin ligand in MOF-525. The proposed fluorescent nanosensor has a linear response in the range of 1.0-250 nM with a low detection limit of 220 pM. Furthermore, it is successfully employed for the detection of Cu2+ in water samples and the intracellular imaging of Cu2+ in living cells, demonstrating its great potential in the sensing and biological fields.

3.
Brain Struct Funct ; 225(1): 345-363, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31863185

RESUMO

Anatomically interconnected, the ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) and amygdala interact in emotion processing. However, no meta-analyses have focused on studies that reported concurrent vmPFC and amygdala activities. With activation likelihood estimation (ALE) we examined 100 experiments that reported concurrent vmPFC and amygdala activities, and distinguished responses to positive vs. negative emotions and to passive exposure to vs. active regulation of emotions. We also investigated whole-brain experiments for other regional activities. ALE and contrast analyses identified convergent anterior and posterior vmPFC response to passive positive and negative emotions, respectively, and a subregion in between to mixed emotions. A smaller area in the posterior ventral vmPFC is specifically involved in regulation of negative emotion. Whereas bilateral amygdala was involved during emotional exposure, only the left amygdala showed convergent activities during active regulation of negative emotions. Whole-brain analysis showed convergent activity in left ventral striatum for passive exposure to positive emotions and downregulation of negative emotions, and in the posterior cingulate cortex and ventral precuneus for passive exposure to negative emotions. These findings highlight contrasting, valence-specific subregional vmPFC as well as other regional responses during passive exposure to emotions. The findings also suggest that hyperactivation of the vmPFC is associated with diminished right amygdala activities during regulation of negative emotions. Together, the findings extend the literature by specifying the roles of subregional vmPFC and amygdala activities in emotion processing.

4.
Sci Total Environ ; 699: 134397, 2020 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31677469

RESUMO

Children are vulnerable to air pollution-induced lung function deficits, and the prevalence of obesity has been increasing in children. To evaluate the joint effects of long-term PM1 (particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter ≤ 1.0 µm) exposure and obesity on children's lung function, a cross-sectional sample of 6740 children (aged 7-14 years) was enrolled across seven northeastern Chinese cities from 2012 to 2013. Weight and lung function, including forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1), peak expiratory flow (PEF), and maximal mid-expiratory flow (MMEF), were measured according to standardized protocols. Average PM1, PM2.5, PM10 and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) exposure levels were estimated using a spatiotemporal model, and sulphur dioxide (SO2) and ozone (O3) exposure were estimated using data from municipal air monitoring stations. Two-level logistic regression and general linear models were used to analyze the joint effects of body mass index (BMI) and air pollutants. The results showed that long-term air pollution exposure was associated with lung function impairment and there were significant interactions with BMI. Associations were stronger among obese and overweight than normal weight participants (the adjusted odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) for PM1 and lung function impairments in three increasing BMI categories were 1.50 (1.07-2.11) to 2.55 (1.59-4.07) for FVC < 85% predicted, 1.44 (1.03-2.01) to 2.51 (1.53-4.11) for FEV1 < 85% predicted, 1.34 (0.97-1.84) to 2.04 (1.24-3.35) for PEF < 75% predicted, and 1.34 (1.01-1.78) to 1.93 (1.26-2.95) for MMEF < 75% predicted). Consistent results were detected in linear regression models for PM1, PM2.5 and SO2 on FVC and FEV1 impairments (PInteraction < 0.05). These modification effects were stronger among females and older participants. These results can provide policy makers with more comprehensive information for to develop strategies for preventing air pollution induced children's lung function deficits among children.


Assuntos
Poluição do Ar/estatística & dados numéricos , Exposição Ambiental/estatística & dados numéricos , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Cidades , Feminino , Volume Expiratório Forçado , Humanos , Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Dióxido de Nitrogênio/análise , Sobrepeso , Ozônio/análise , Material Particulado/análise , Testes de Função Respiratória , Dióxido de Enxofre , Capacidade Vital
5.
Water Res ; 171: 115387, 2020 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31877477

RESUMO

This work synthesized catalytic CuFe2O4 tailored ceramic membrane (CuFeCM), and systematically investigated the intercorrelated oxidation - filtration mechanism of peroxymonosulfate (PMS)/CuFeCM catalytic filtration for treating humic acid (HA). PMS/CuFeCM filtration exhibited enhanced HA removal efficiency while reduced the irreversible fouling resistance as compared with the conventional CM filtration. Results from HA characterizations showed that PMS/CuFeCM catalytic filtration oxidized HA into conjugated structures of smaller molecular weight. The unsaturated bonds further caused the re-agglomeration of HA, hence enhancing the size exclusion of CuFeCM. Meanwhile, oxidized HA particles with changing physicochemical properties reduced the total attractive interaction energy between CuFeCM and HA, mainly attributed to the reduced acid-base interaction energy according to the Extended Derjaguin-Landau-Verwey-Overbeek (XDLVO) analysis. The changing of HA properties and HA-CuFeCM physicochemical interactions rendered more re-agglomerated HA particles retained above membrane with less attachment, which induced decreasing irreversible fouling resistance and facilitated easier external fouling removal by hydraulic cleaning. Overall, the PMS/CuFeCM configuration demonstrated in this study could provide a new insight into the synergistic oxidation - filtration interaction mechanism of hybrid catalytic ceramic membrane filtration process.


Assuntos
Substâncias Húmicas , Purificação da Água , Cerâmica , Membranas Artificiais , Peróxidos
6.
Sci Total Environ ; 709: 135802, 2020 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31887498

RESUMO

Although carbon black (CB) particles have potential hazards to human health, the toxicological studies on CB are still limited. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of oxidative stress induced by ultrafine CB particles on apoptosis in vivo and vitro. Male C57BL/6 mice were inhalation exposed to CB for 28 days, and 16HBE cells were treated by CB particles and also added antioxidant (NAC). Antioxidant enzymes activities (CAT, SOD, GSH-Px) and ROS in the lungs and cells were evaluated. Apoptosis-related proteins (Bcl-2, Bax, Cleaved Caspase-3, pro-Caspase-3, Caspase-7, Caspase-8, Caspase-9, PARP-1) were tested by Western blot (WB), immunohistochemistry (IHC), and real-time PCR. The reduction of antioxidant enzymes activities and the addition of ROS in CB exposure groups were observed, and the gene and apoptosis-related proteins levels were increased in CB exposure mice. The results of CB-treated 16HBE cells were consistent with those of mice, and apoptosis rate was increased in CB-treated 16HBE cells. When the cells were treated with NAC, ROS induced by CB decreased, SOD and CAT activities of CB-treated 16HBE cells were increased. Apoptosis rate of 16HBE cells treated with NAC and CB was significantly decreased, and the expression of C-Caspase-3 was also decreased. Therefore, oxidative stress induced by ultrafine CB particles can elicit apoptosis in vivo and vitro. Antioxidants can significantly reduce oxidative damage and apoptosis induced by CB.

7.
Front Oncol ; 9: 895, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31681557

RESUMO

Though current pathological methods are greatly improved, they provide rather limited functional information. Cell-in-cell structures (CICs), arising from active cell-cell interaction, are functional surrogates of complicated cell behaviors within heterogeneous cancers. In light of this, we performed the subtype-based CIC profiling in human breast cancers by the "EML" multiplex staining method, and accessed their values as prognostic factors by Cox univariate, multivariate, and nomogram analysis. CICs were detected in cancer specimens but not in normal breast tissues. A total of five types of CICs were identified with one homotypic subtype (91%) and four heterotypic subtypes (9%). Overall CICs (oCICs) significantly associated with patient overall survival (OS) (P = 0.011) as an independent protective factor (HR = 0.423, 95% CI, 0.227-0.785; P = 0.006). Remarkably, three CICs subtypes (TiT, TiM, and MiT) were also independent prognostic factors. Among them, higher TiT, from homotypic cannibalism between tumor cells, predicted longer patient survival (HR = 0.529, 95% CI, 0.288-0.973; P = 0.04) in a way similar to that of oCICs and that (HR = 0.524, 95% CI, 0.286-0.962; P = 0.037) of heterotypic TiM (tumor cell inside macrophage); conversely, the presence of MiT (macrophage inside tumor cell) predicted a death hazard of 2.608 (95% CI, 1.344-5.063; P = 0.05). Moreover, each CIC subtype tended to preferentially affect different categories of breast cancer, with TiT (P < 0.0001) and oCICs (P = 0.008) targeting luminal B (Her2+), TiM (P = 0.011) targeting HR- (Her2+/HR- and TNBC), and MiT targeting luminal A (P = 0.017) and luminal B (Her-) (P = 0.006). Furthermore, nomogram analysis suggested that CICs impacted patient outcomes in contributions comparable (for oCICs, TiT, and TiM), or even superior (for MiT), to TNM stage and breast cancer subtype, and incorporating CICs improved nomogram performance. Together, we propose CICs profiling as a valuable way for prognostic analysis of breast cancer and that CICs and their subtypes, such as MiT, may serve as a type of novel functional markers assisting clinical practices.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31689201

RESUMO

he development of the next-generation sequencing (NGS) technologies has led to massive amounts of VCF (Variant Call Format) files, which have been the standard formats developed with 1000 Genomes Project. At the same time, with the widespread use of biomedical ontologies in the biomedical community, more and more applications have accepted the Web Ontology Language (OWL) as the dominant data format for the specifications of biomedical ontology descriptions, leading to the rapid growth of OWL-based biomedical ontology scale. In this paper, we seek to explore an effective method for the management of VCF-based genetic variants and OWL-based biological ontologies using the MongoDB database. Considering many current applications (such as the short genetic variations database dbSNP, etc.) are transitioning to the new design by using JSON (JavaScript Object Notation) to support future massive data expansion and interchanges. We firstly propose a series of rules for the mapping from VCF and OWL files to JSON files, and then present rule-based algorithms for transforming VCF-based genetic variants and OWL-based biological ontologies into JSON objects. On this basis, we introduce effective approaches of integrating the mapped JSON files in MongoDB. Finally, we complement this work with a set of experiments to show the performance of our proposed approaches. The source code of the proposed approaches could be freely available at https://github.com/lyotvincent/AJIA.

9.
Wei Sheng Yan Jiu ; 48(5): 751-756, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31601315

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between environmental tobacco smoke( ETS) and blood pressure in children. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted to study the effects of ETS and children's blood pressure among 1623 children aged 5 to 17 years, who were selected randomly from 10 primary and secondary schools in Shenyang from 2012-2013, Liaoning Province. The basic information of children was collected through questionnaires, including demographic characteristics, living environment, history of disease and passive smoking status. We also measured the height, weight and blood pressure of these children. Multiple Logistic regression analyses were used to determine whether ETS was associated with the risk of hypertension after adjustment for potential confounders. RESULTS: Nearly half of the participants( 37%, n = 600) had current ETS exposures, and in for 34% of the children( n = 514), their current ETS exposure was from tobacco use by their father. The adjusted odds ratios( a OR) for hypertension and ETS exposure in utero were 1. 59( 95% CI 1. 02-2. 48) in males and 2. 88( 95% CI 1. 82-4. 56) in females. Current ETS exposure( a OR = 2. 22, 95% CI 1. 47-3. 34) and current ETS exposure from the child's father( a OR = 2. 20, 95% CI 1. 46-3. 31), in addition different intensity of ETS exposure during workdays and during days off were associated with a higher rate of hypertension only in females. CONCLUSION: Prenatal and postnatal ETS exposure was significantly associated with increased odds of hypertension in children, especially in females.


Assuntos
Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Exposição Materna/estatística & dados numéricos , Poluição por Fumaça de Tabaco/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Razão de Chances , Gravidez , Fumar/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
Front Genet ; 10: 844, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31572449

RESUMO

Background and Aims: Genetic variants in the gene SERPINC1 have been shown to be associated with antithrombin deficiency, which subsequently contributes to the susceptibility to venous thrombosis. However, several other studies have shown conflicting results regarding the association of SERPINC1 gene polymorphisms (rs2227589) with the risk of thrombosis. Hence, in the present study, we conducted a case-control study to further evaluate the association between the variant rs2227589 with antithrombin deficiency in pulmonary embolism (PTE). A pooled systematic analysis was also conducted to evaluate the risk of rs2227589 in venous thromboembolism (VTE) among multiple populations. Methods: This case-control study involved 101 patients and 199 healthy controls. The allele frequency of SERPINC1 variant rs2227589 was analyzed by Sequenom assay. Antithrombin anticoagulant activity was detected using an automatic coagulation analyzer. In addition, a pooled systematic analysis on 10 cohorts consisting of 5,518 patients with VTE and 8,935 controls was performed. Results: In total, 27 (26.7%) PTE subjects were diagnosed as having antithrombin deficiency. Our results showed that antithrombin plasma activity was slightly lower in T allele carriers than that in C allele carriers. However, there was no significant correlation between rs2227589 genotype and antithrombin anticoagulant activity. The recessive model showed that rs2227589 was significantly associated (p = 0.026) with an increased risk {odds ratio [OR]: 2.31, 95% confidence interval [CI] (1.09-4.89)} of Chinese PTE. The pooled systematic analysis of all case-control study and meta-analysis showed that rs2227589 polymorphism was associated with an increased risk of VTE in the additive model [OR: 1.09, 95% CI (1.01-1.18), P = 0.029] and dominant model [OR: 1.10, 95% CI (1.01-1.20), P = 0.034]. Conclusions: Our study demonstrated that variant rs2227589 is associated with an increased risk of PTE in a Chinese population but no correlation with antithrombin anticoagulant activity. However, pooled systematic analysis of multiple populations showed a significant association between rs2227589 and the risk of VTE in the additive and dominant genetic model.

11.
Environ Int ; 133(Pt A): 105160, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31518937

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Greater levels of serum per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are known to be associated with higher uric acid which itself leads to a number of chronic diseases. However, whether this association varies across PFAS isomers which recently have been found to be associated with human health remains unknown. OBJECTIVES: To address this research gap, we explored isomer-specific associations between serum PFAS and uric acid in Chinese adults. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of associations between serum PFAS isomer and serum uric acid in 1612 participants from the Isomer of C8 Health Project. We used multivariable linear and logistic regression models to analyze serum isomers of perfluorooctanoate (PFOA), perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), and other PFASs as continuous and categorical predictors of uric acid, adjusted for confounders. The association was also stratified by kidney function stage based on estimated glomerular filtration rate (GF-1, GF-2, GF-3a, and GF-3b/4). RESULTS: We found positive associations between serum PFAS isomer concentrations and uric acid. Uric acid levels were greater for each log-unit increase in branched PFOA (ß = 0.30, 95% CI: 0.21, 0.40), linear PFOA (ß = 0.18, 95% CI: 0.09, 0.26), branched PFOS (ß = 0.09, 95% CI: 0.02, 0.17) and linear PFOS (ß = 0.06, 95% CI: -0.01, 0.14) concentration. The associations between PFAS and uric acid showed an inverted 'U' shaped pattern across kidney function stages. For example, uric acid level was greater with each log-unit increase in total-PFOA among GF-1 (ß = 0.21, 95% CI: 0.06, 0.37), this relationship was greater in GF-3a (ß = 0.49, 95% CI: 0.09, 0.89) and decreased in GF-3b/4 (ß = -0.22, 95% CI: -0.83, 0.39). We also found the odds of hyperuricemia increased linearly with increasing branched PFOA in quartiles (odds ratio = 2.67, 95% CI: 1.86, 3.85 at the highest quartile). CONCLUSION: We report novel results in which PFAS associations with uric acid varied according to isomer and adult kidney function. Besides, our findings are consistent with previous epidemiologic studies in finding a positive association between serum PFAS concentrations and serum uric acid, especially for PFOA. Our results indicate that more research is needed to more clearly assess the impact of PFAS isomers on human health, which will help to refine regulation policies for PFAS.

12.
Math Biosci Eng ; 16(4): 3195-3214, 2019 04 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31499609

RESUMO

The only rubella vaccine available in North America is the RA27/3 strain (isolated from the kidney of a rubella-infected fetus and attenuated) licensed in 1979, which substituted HPV77/DE5 strain vaccine due to concerns about waning immunity. The first dengue vaccine (Dengvaxia CYDTDV) was first registered in Mexico in December, 2015, which is a live recombinant tetravalent dengue vaccine. Rubella vaccine was applied since 1969, but tetravalent dengue vaccine is being used in large scale nowadays. In the past, based on unavailable information regarded to rubella vaccine, mathematical models were used to design vaccination schemes in order to avoid congenital rubella syndrome (CRS). Currently, knowing that vaccine does not result in CRS, rubella vaccination is modelled as usual childhood infection. This experience of updated biological knowledge that influenced mathematical modellings of rubella vaccination is taken into account to reflect about the tetravalent dengue vaccine. We also address a discussion about the security of vaccination strategies.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra Dengue , Dengue , Modelos Teóricos , Vacina contra Rubéola , Rubéola (Sarampo Alemão) , Anticorpos Antivirais/imunologia , Criança , Dengue/imunologia , Dengue/prevenção & controle , Vacinas contra Dengue/imunologia , Humanos , Rubéola (Sarampo Alemão)/imunologia , Rubéola (Sarampo Alemão)/prevenção & controle , Vacina contra Rubéola/imunologia , Vacinação
13.
Planta ; 250(6): 1897-1910, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31485773

RESUMO

MAIN CONCLUSION: A homologue of the ribosomal protein L22e, Rpf84, regulates root nodule symbiosis by mediating the infection process of rhizobia and preventing bacteroids from degradation in Robinia pseudoacacia. Ribosomal proteins (RPs) are known to have extraribosomal functions, including developmental regulation and stress responses; however, the effects of RPs on symbiotic nodulation of legumes are still unclear. Ribosomal protein 22 of the large 60S subunit (RPL22), a non-typical RP that is only found in eukaryotes, has been shown to function as a tumour suppressor in animals. Here, a homologue of RPL22, Rpf84, was identified from the leguminous tree R. pseudoacacia. Subcellular localization assays showed that Rpf84 was expressed in the cytoplasm and nucleus. Knockdown of Rpf84 by RNA interference (RNAi) technology impaired the infection process and nodule development. Compared with the control, root and stem length, dry weight and nodule number per plant were drastically decreased in Rpf84-RNAi plants. The numbers of root hair curlings, infection threads and nodule primordia were also significantly reduced. Ultrastructure analyses showed that Rpf84-RNAi nodules contained fewer infected cells with fewer bacteria. In particular, remarkable deformation of bacteroids and fusion of multiple symbiosomes occurred in infected cells. By contrast, overexpression of Rpf84 promoted nodulation, and the overexpression nodules maintained a larger infection/differentiation region and had more infected cells filled with bacteroids than the control at 45 days post inoculation, suggesting a retarded ageing process in nodules. These results indicate for the first time that RP regulates the symbiotic nodulation of legumes and that RPL22 may function in initiating the invasion of rhizobia and preventing bacteroids from degradation in R. pseudoacacia.

14.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 27(4): 1208-1214, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31418381

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the anti-apoptotic effect of Angelica polysaccharide (APS) on cryopreservated platelets and its mechanism. METHODS: The platelets were divided into 4 group: control group(4 ℃ stored platelets),APS group (APS-treated platelets stored at 4 ℃), LY294002 group (LY294002-treated platelets stored at 4 ℃) and LY294002+APS group(LY294002+APS treated platelets stored at 4 ℃ ). The expression of platelet membrane glycoprotein CD41 and CD61, as well as the platelet apoptotic rate, Caspase 3 expression and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) were detected by flow cytometry; the anti-apoptotic mechanism of APS by PI3K /AKT signaling pathway was analyzed by Western blot assay. RESULTS: The apoptosis rate of platelets in LY294002 group obviously increased, the activity of CD41 and CD61 expression gradually decreased along with the enhancement of LY294002 concentrations (r=-0.953); compared with control group, the apoptosis rate of platelets in LY294002 group was enhanced significantly(P<0.05),while the apoptosis rate of platelets in LY294002+APS group significantly was reduced(P<0.05) as compare with LY294002 group, which suggest that APS has an anti-apoptotic effect on the cryopreserved platelets. APS decreased the expression of Caspase-3 and inhibited the reduction of mitochondrial membrane potential induced by LY294002, moreover, APS could increase the activation of PI3K /AKT pathway in Plt. CONCLUSION: APS has an anti-apoptotic effect on the cryopreserved platelets through activating the PI3K /AKT pathway, decreasing the expression of apoptosis protease Caspase-3 and inhibiting the reduction of MMP.


Assuntos
Angelica , Apoptose , Plaquetas , Cromonas , Morfolinas , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Polissacarídeos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt
15.
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci ; 60(10): 3689-3695, 2019 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31469896

RESUMO

Purpose: To examine the role of ocular axial length as an ocular parameter for the prevalence and severity of diabetic retinopathy (DR). Methods: The cross-sectional Kailuan Diabetic Retinopathy Study included patients with diabetes who participated in the community-based longitudinal Kailuan Study and who had undergone ocular fundus photography. The fundus photographs were graded using the Early Treatment of Diabetic Retinopathy Study criteria. Results: The study included 1096 patients with diabetes (mean age: 60.8 ± 9.4 years; axial length: 23.37 ± 0.92 mm). In binary regression analysis, a higher DR prevalence was associated with shorter axial length (P = 0.007; odds ratio [OR]: 0.81; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.70, 0.95) after adjusting for longer known duration of diabetes (P = 0.02; OR: 1.13; 95%CI: 1.02, 1.24) and higher fasting blood glucose concentration (P < 0.001; OR: 1.38; 95%CI: 1.26, 1.52). A more severe DR stage was associated (regression coefficient r: 0.46) with shorter ocular axial length (P = 0.047; standardized regression coefficient ß: -0.06) after adjusting for higher fasting blood glucose (P < 0.001; ß: 0.41) and longer known duration of diabetes (P = 0.045; ß: 0.07). Longer axial length was associated with a lower DR prevalence (P = 0.003; ß: -0.10) after adjusting for younger age (P < 0.001), male sex (P < 0.001), higher body mass index (P = 0.016), and lower fasting blood glucose concentration (P = 0.036). Conclusions: After adjusting for systemic risk factors, DR prevalence decreased by 19% (95%CI: 5, 30) for each millimeter increase in axial length. With longer axial length being a surrogate for axial myopia, the marked increase in myopia prevalence worldwide may lead to a relative decrease in the prevalence and incidence of DR in future.


Assuntos
Comprimento Axial do Olho/fisiopatologia , Retinopatia Diabética/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Glicemia/metabolismo , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/fisiopatologia , Retinopatia Diabética/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco
16.
J Cell Mol Med ; 23(10): 7099-7104, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31338992

RESUMO

Pathogenic mutation of protein C (PROC) gene results into the deficiency of PROC activity. This study aimed to identify the pathogenic genetic variants and to explore the functional consequence in Chinese familial venous thrombosis (VTE). Whole exome sequencing was performed to identify the pathogenic variants of anticoagulant factors. Serum coagulation and anti-coagulation factors activity were assayed to evaluate the genetic association. Functional study of PROC antigen secretion deficiency was conducted in VTE subjects and in vitro cell lines. One rare pathogenic variant (p.Ala178Pro) was identified in the four VTE subjects but not in the normal subjects from the family. An inframeshift variant (rs199469469) was also identified in a paediatric subject of the pedigree. Further evaluation of serum PROC activity levels in p.Ala178Pro variants VTE carriers showed significantly lower PROC activity compared to non-carriers. Furthermore, in vitro study showed that the p.Ala178Pro mutant cells had a consistent reduction in concentration of PROC antigen. In conclusions, our study demonstrated the pathogenic variant (p.Ala178Pro) contributed to PROC type I activity deficiency, which may be due to decreased secretion of PROC.

17.
Database (Oxford) ; 20192019 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31343683

RESUMO

Resource Description Framework (RDF) is widely used for representing biomedical data in practical applications. With the increases of RDF-based applications, there is an emerging requirement of novel architectures to provide effective supports for the future RDF data explosion. Inspired by the success of the new designs in National Center for Biotechnology Information dbSNP (The Single Nucleotide Polymorphism Database) for managing the increasing data volumes using JSON (JavaScript Object Notation), in this paper we present an effective mapping tool that allows data migrations from RDF to JSON for supporting future massive data explosions and releases. We firstly introduce a set of mapping rules, which transform an RDF format into the JSON format, and then present the corresponding transformation algorithm. On this basis, we develop an effective and user-friendly tool called RDF2JSON, which enables automating the process of RDF data extractions and the corresponding JSON data generations.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Bases de Dados Factuais , Disseminação de Informação , Linguagens de Programação
18.
J Sep Sci ; 42(19): 3067-3076, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31347249

RESUMO

Ligustrazine was the active ingredient of the traditional Chinese medicine Chuanxiong Rhizoma. However, the content of ligustrazine is very low. We proposed a hypothesis that ligustrazine was produced by the mutual effects between endophytic Bacillus subtilis and the Ligusticum chuanxiong Hort. This study aimed to explore whether the endophytic B. subtilis LB5 could make use of Chuanxiong Rhizoma fermentation matrix to produce ligustrazine and clarify the mechanisms of action preliminarily. Ultra high performance liquid chromatography with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry analysis showed the content of ligustrazine in Chuanxiong Rhizoma was below the detection limit (0.1 ng/mL), while B. subtilis LB5 produced ligustrazine at the yield of 1.0268 mg/mL in the Chuanxiong Rhizoma-ammonium sulfate fermentation medium. In the fermented matrix, the reducing sugar had a significant reduction from 12.034 to 2.424 mg/mL, and rough protein content increased from 2.239 to 4.361 mg/mL. Acetoin, the biosynthetic precursor of ligustrazine, was generated in the Chuanxiong Rhizoma-Ammonium sulfate (151.2 mg/mL) fermentation medium. This result showed that the endophytic bacteria B. subtilis LB5 metabolized Chuanxiong Rhizoma via secreted protein to consume the sugar in Chuanxiong Rhizoma to produce a considerable amount of ligustrazine. Collectively, our preliminary research suggested that ligustrazine was the interaction product of endophyte, but not the secondary metabolite of Chuanxiong Rhizoma itself.

19.
Molecules ; 24(13)2019 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31277200

RESUMO

Integrating graphene with other nanomaterials has created a variety of graphene nanocomposites with extraordinary chemical, optical, mechanical, and electrical properties [...].


Assuntos
Grafite/química , Nanocompostos/química , Técnicas Biossensoriais , Quitosana/química , Óxido de Zinco/química
20.
J Orthop Translat ; 17: 55-63, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31194093

RESUMO

Isolating active mesenchymal stem cells from a heterogeneous population is an essential step that determines the efficacy of stem cell therapy such as for osteoarthritis. Nowadays, the gold standard of cell sorting, fluorescence-activated cell sorting, relies on labelling surface markers via antibody-antigen reaction. However, sorting stem cells with high stemness usually requires the labelling of multiple biomarkers. Moreover, the labelling process is costly, and the high operating pressure is harmful to cell functionality and viability. Although label-free cell sorting, based on physical characteristics, has gained increasing interest in the past decades, it has not shown the ability to eliminate stem cells with low stemness. Cell motility, as a novel sorting marker, is hence proposed for label-free sorting active stem cells. Accumulating evidence has demonstrated the feasibility in manipulating directional cell migration through patterning the biophysical, biochemical or both gradients of the extracellular matrix. However, applying those findings to label-free cell sorting has not been well discussed and studied. This review thus first provides a brief overview about the effect of biophysical and biochemical gradients of the extracellular matrix on cell migration. State-of-the-art fabrication techniques for generating such gradients of hydrogels are then introduced. Among current research, the authors suggest that hydrogels with dual-gradients of biochemistry and biophysics are potential tools for accurate label-free cell sorting with satisfactory selectivity and efficiency. Translational potential of this article: The reviewed label-free cell sorting approaches enable us to isolate active cell for cytotherapy. The proposed system can be further modified for single-cell analysis and drug screening.

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