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1.
Eur J Neurol ; 2021 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33932063

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Restless legs syndrome (RLS) was suggested as a prodromal symptom of Parkinson's disease (PD). Olfactory or taste dysfunction can also occur preceding PD diagnosis. However, whether RLS is associated with chemosensory dysfunction remains unknown. We thus aim to investigate the association between RLS and perceived olfactory and taste dysfunction. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional analysis including 90,337 Chinese adults free of neurodegenerative diseases in the Kailuan study in 2016. Presence of RLS was defined using revised RLS diagnostic criteria or Cambridge-Hopkins questionnaire for RLS. Perceived olfactory and taste dysfunction was collected via a questionnaire. The association between RLS and perceived olfactory and taste dysfunction was assessed using logistic regression model, adjusting for potential cofounders such as age, sex, and medical history. RESULTS: RLS was associated with high odds of having perceived olfactory and/or taste dysfunction (adjusted odds ratio =5.92; 95% confidence interval, 3.11-11.3). The significant association persisted when using the Cambridge-Hopkins questionnaire (adjusted odds ratio =5.55; 95% confidence interval, 2.37-13.0) or when excluding participants with major chronic diseases. CONCLUSION: RLS was associated with increased odds of perceived olfactory and taste dysfunction.

2.
Gerontology ; : 1-11, 2021 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33823511

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The evidence supporting the use of antiresorptive and anabolic agents for fracture prevention in elderly patients is still inconclusive. Whether it is too late to alter the course of the disease in this age-group has remained uncertain. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to determine the efficacy and safety of antiresorptive and anabolic agents in elderly patients. METHODS: PubMed, Web of Science, MEDLINE, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and post hoc analyses of RCTs reporting efficacy outcomes or adverse events of antiresorptive and anabolic agents in elderly patients. Statistical heterogeneity was assessed with the Cochran Q χ2 test and I2 statistic. All results were expressed as relative risk (RR) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). RESULTS: The meta-analysis included 1 RCT and 11 post hoc analyses of data from 10 double-blind placebo-controlled RCTs. Antiresorptive therapy significantly reduced the pooled incidence of vertebral fractures (RR = 0.43; 95% CI = 0.35-0.53; and p < 0.001). It was also associated with lower risk of nonvertebral and hip fractures (RR = 0.84; 95% CI = 0.74-0.96; and p = 0.009 and RR = 0.75; 95% CI = 0.58-0.97; and p = 0.028, respectively). For any adverse events, no difference was observed between antiresorptive agents and placebo groups (RR = 1.01; 95% CI = 1.00-1.02; and p = 0.23). CONCLUSIONS: Both antiresorptive and anabolic agents represented potentially important osteoporosis treatments, showing significant effects on reducing vertebral, nonvertebral, or hip fracture risk, and were well-tolerated by elderly patients. Even in the elderly, maybe it is not too late to alter the course of the disease.

3.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(6)2021 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33809259

RESUMO

In cancer, CD8+ T cells enter a dysfunctional state which prevents them from effectively targeting and killing tumor cells. Tumor-infiltrating CD8+ T cells consist of a heterogeneous population of memory-like progenitor, effector, and terminally exhausted cells that exhibit differing functional and self-renewal capacities. Our recently published work has shown that interleukin (IL)-21-producing CD4+ T cells help to generate effector CD8+ T cells within the tumor, which results in enhanced tumor control. However, the molecular mechanisms by which CD4+ helper T cells regulate the differentiation of effector CD8+ T cells are not well understood. In this study, we found that Basic Leucine Zipper ATF-Like Transcription Factor (BATF), a transcription factor downstream of IL-21 signaling, is critical to maintain CD8+ T cell effector function within the tumor. Using mixed bone marrow chimeras, we demonstrated that CD8+ T cell-specific deletion of BATF resulted in impaired tumor control. In contrast, overexpressing BATF in CD8+ T cells enhanced effector function and resulted in improved tumor control, bypassing the need for CD4+ helper T cells. Transcriptomic analyses revealed that BATF-overexpressing CD8+ T cells had increased expression of costimulatory receptors, effector molecules, and transcriptional regulators, which may contribute to their enhanced activation and effector function. Taken together, our study unravels a previously unappreciated CD4+ T cell-derived IL-21-BATF axis that could provide therapeutic insights to enhance effector CD8+ T cell function to fight cancer.

4.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(8)2021 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33924035

RESUMO

The nucleotide-binding site-leucine-rich repeat (NBS-LRR) gene family is the largest group of plant disease resistance (R) genes widespread in response to viruses, bacteria, and fungi usually involved in effector triggered immunity (ETI). Forty members of the Chinese cabbage CC type NBS-LRR family were investigated in this study. Gene and protein characteristics, such as distributed locations on chromosomes and gene structures, were explored through comprehensive analysis. CC-NBS-LRR proteins were classified according to their conserved domains, and the phylogenetic relationships of CC-NBS-LRR proteins in Brassica rapa, Arabidopsis thaliana, and Oryza sativa were compared. Moreover, the roles of BrCC-NBS-LRR genes involved in pathogenesis-related defense were studied and analyzed. First, the expression profiles of BrCC-NBS-LRR genes were detected by inoculating with downy mildew and black rot pathogens. Second, sensitive and resistant Chinese cabbage inbred lines were screened by downy mildew and black rot. Finally, the differential expression levels of BrCC-NBS-LRR genes were monitored at 0, 1, 3, 6, 12 and 24 h for short and 0, 3, 5, 7, 10 and 14 days for long inoculation time. Our study provides information on BrCC-NBS-LRR genes for the investigation of the functions and mechanisms of CC-NBS-LRR genes in Chinese cabbage.

5.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 558: 51-56, 2021 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33895551

RESUMO

The quorum-sensing (QS) system between the phages and their hosts is important for the phage lysis-lysogeny decision. In Vibrio cholerae, the QS system consists of a LuxR-type receptor VqmA (VqmAVc) and an autoinducer molecule 3,5-dimethylpyrazin-2-ol (DPO). A VqmA homolog encoded by vibriophage VP882 (VqmAPhage) can intervene the host QS system via binding to both the host-produced DPO and its cognate promoter (Pqtip) to induce the phage lysogeny-to-lysis transition, whereas VqmAVc cannot influence the VqmAPhage-induced pathway, suggesting an asymmetry regulation. In this study, we report the crystal structure of VqmAPhage-DPO complex at 2.65 Å and reveal that the mechanism of DPO recognition is conserved in VqmA homologs. Besides, we identify a non-classical palindrome sequence in Pqtip, which can be effectively recognized by VqmAPhage but not VqmAVc. The sequence contains an interval longer than that in the vqmR promoter recognized by VqmAVc. In addition, the two DBD regions in the VqmAPhage dimer exhibit more relaxed architecture than that of the reported VqmAVc, which is likely to be in the conformation that may easily bind to target promoter containing a longer interval. In summary, our findings provide a structural and biochemical basis for the DBD-dependent DNA recognition in different promoter regions in the phage lysogeny-to-lysis decision communication system, and provide clues for developing phage therapies against Vibrio cholerae infection.

6.
J Hazard Mater ; 416: 125849, 2021 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33894437

RESUMO

Spent hydrodesulfurization (HDS) catalysts, containing considerable amount of pollutants and metals including vanadium (V), molybdenum (Mo), aluminum (Al), and nickel (Ni), are considered as hazardous wastes which will result in not only ecosystem damage but also squandering resource. Herein, a process featuring blank roasting-alkaline leaching is proposed to recover spent HDS catalyst. During roasting, low-valence compounds convert to high-valence oxides which can be leached out by NaOH solution. Afterwards, leaching solution is subjected to crystallization to separate metals. The results show that for samples roasted at 650 °C, 97% V, 96% Mo, and 88% Al are leached out at optimal condition; for samples roasted at 1000 °C, selective leaching of 91% V and 96% Mo respectively, are realized, with negligible Al being dissolved. NiO is insoluble in strong alkali leaving in residue. The advantages of this process are that first, the leaching of V, Mo, and Al can be manipulated by controlling roasting conditions, providing flexible process design. Second, leaching solution can be fully recycled. Finally, mild leaching condition and clean separation of V, Mo, and Al is achieved, proving fundamental information for peer researches to facilitate their future research on the development of more efficient and cleaner technologies.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33743156

RESUMO

In this study, a cleaner approach to a 'sandwich' chrome-less tanning for cattle hide upper suede leather based on polycarboxylate/montmorillonite nanocomposite (PCM) has been developed. The chromium was reduced both in tanning process and retanning process. Hydrothermal stability, mechanical strength, and organoleptic properties of the leather were closed to traditional chrome tanning. The important advantage of the cleaner tanning approach is that the chromium load in wastewater decreased from 2302 mg/L in tanning process and 2919 mg/L in retanning process to 131 and 257 mg/L, respectively. Moreover, SEM analyses demonstrated that the leather tanned by PCM achieved loose fiber structure and flaky montmorillonite deposition both in intra-triple and inter-triple helix. XRD results suggested that basic chromium sulfate and PCM may form more complexation with the helix chain of collagen fiber, resulting in structural distortion of collagen molecules without destroying the triple helical structure. EDS liner scanning indicated the distribution of chromium on the cross section of the leather. Trypsin degradation curves revealed the cleaner approach might increase the degradation of leather, and the economic analysis results showed that the tanning costs could be reduced and increased the economic benefits.

8.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 21(1): 207, 2021 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33711956

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Along with progress in embryo cryopreservation, especially the vitrification, freeze all strategy has become more acceptable than ever. Some studies have found comparable or higher live birth rate with frozen embryo transfer (FET) than with fresh embryo transfer(ET)in gonadotropin releasing hormone antagonist (GnRH-ant) protocol. However from our literature research, there have been no reports about live birth rate comparison between fresh ET and FET with gonadotropin releasing hormone agonist (GnRH-a) long protocol. The aim of this study is to retrospectively investigate whether patients benefit from freeze all strategy in GnRH-a protocol using real-world data. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study, in which women undergoing fresh ET or FET with GnRH-a long protocol at Chongqing Reproductive and Genetics Institute from January 2016 to December 2018 were evaluated. The primary outcome was live birth rate. The secondary outcomes were implantation rate, clinical pregnancy rate, pregnancy loss and ectopic pregnancy rate. RESULTS: A total of 7,814 patients met inclusion criteria, implementing 5,216 fresh ET cycles and 2,598 FET cycles, respectively. The demographic characteristics of the patients were significantly different between fresh ET and FET groups, except BMI. After controlling for a broad range of potential confounders including age, infertility duration, BMI, AMH, number of oocytes retrieved and of available embryos, multivariate logistic regression analysis demonstrated that there was no significant difference in clinical pregnancy rate, ectopic pregnancy rate and pregnancy loss rate between two groups (all P > 0.05). However, the implantation rate and live birth rate in fresh ET group were significantly higher than FET group (P < 0.001 and P = 0.012, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Under GnRH-a long protocol, compared to FET, fresh ET was associated with higher implantation rate and live birth rate in infertile patients that underwent in vitro fertilization (IVF). The freeze all strategy should be individualized and made with caution especially with GnRH-a long protocol.

9.
Clin Lab ; 67(3)2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33739043

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anemia is common in patients with severe chronic liver disease, but its role in HBV-related decompensated cirrhosis (DeCi) is still unclear. We therefore aimed to assess the impact of anemia on prognosis in HBV-DeCi patients. METHODS: One hundred thirty-three patients diagnosed with HBV-DeCi were retrospectively collected. RESULTS: A total of 113 (85.0%) patients suffered from anemia in our cohort. The low hemoglobin (Hb) level group exhibited a significantly increased 28-day mortality rate compared with the high Hb group. Hb level was a predictor of 28-day mortality in HBV-DeCi patients. CONCLUSIONS: Reduced Hb levels were associated with unfavorable prognosis in HBV-DeCi patients, and more attention should be paid to anemia in routine clinical assessments of liver cirrhosis.

10.
Theranostics ; 11(9): 4078-4089, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33754049

RESUMO

Inflammatory cytokines produced by muscularis macrophages largely contribute to the pathological signs of postoperative ileus (POI). Electroacupuncture (EA) can suppress inflammation, mainly or partly via activation of vagal efferent. The goal of this study was to investigate the mechanisms by which EA stimulation at an hindlimb region ameliorates inflammation in POI. Methods: Intestinal motility and inflammation were examined after 24 h after intestinal manipulation (IM)-induced POI in mice. Local immune response in the intestinal muscularis, expression of macrophages, α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (α7nAChR), Janus kinase 2 (JAK2) and signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) were determined by flow cytometry, Western Blot, qPCR and immunofluorescence. The effects of α7nAChR antagonists (methyllycaconitine and α-bungarotoxin) and JAK2/STAT3 inhibitors (AG490 and WP1066) were also administered in a subset of mice prior to EA. In the parasympathetic pathways, intestinal motility and inflammation were determined after cervical vagotomy and sub-diaphragmatic vagotomy. The expression of gamma absorptiometry aminobutyric acid (GABAA) receptor in dorsal motor nucleus of vagal (DMV) cholinergic neurons was assessed by immunofluorescence and the response to DMV microinjection of bicuculine (antagonist of GABAA receptor) or muscimol (agonist of GABAA receptor) were assessed. Results: EA suppressed intestinal inflammation and promoted gastrointestinal motility. Mechanistically, EA activated the α7nAChR-mediated JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway in macrophages which reduced the production of inflammatory cytokines. Furthermore, we also demonstrated that hindlimb region stimulation drove vagal efferent output by inhibiting the expression of GABAA receptor in DMV to ameliorate inflammation. Conclusions: The present study revealed that EA of hindlimb regions inhibited the expression of GABAA receptor in DMV neurons, whose excited vagal nerve, in turn suppressed IM-induced inflammation via activation of α7nAChR-mediated JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway.

11.
J Vis Exp ; (168)2021 02 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33720115

RESUMO

Nucleosides/nucleotides are building blocks of nucleic acids, parts of cosubstrates and coenzymes, cell signaling molecules, and energy carriers, which are involved in many cell activities. Here, we describe a rapid and reliable method for the absolute qualification of nucleoside/nucleotide contents in plants. Briefly, 100 mg of homogenized plant material was extracted with 1 mL of extraction buffer (methanol, acetonitrile, and water at a ratio of 2:2:1). Later, the sample was concentrated five times in a freeze dryer and then injected into an HPLC-MS/MS. Nucleotides were separated on a porous graphitic carbon (PGC) column and nucleosides were separated on a C18 column. The mass transitions of each nucleoside and nucleotide were monitored by mass spectrometry. The contents of the nucleosides and nucleotides were quantified against their external standards (ESTDs). Using this method, therefore, researchers can easily quantify nucleosides/nucleotides in different plants.


Assuntos
Métodos Analíticos de Preparação de Amostras , Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Nucleosídeos/análise , Nucleotídeos/análise , Arabidopsis/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Calibragem , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Metaboloma , Nucleosídeos/química , Nucleotídeos/química , Padrões de Referência , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
12.
J Obstet Gynaecol Res ; 47(5): 1780-1788, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33783096

RESUMO

AIM: The main purpose of our study is to determine the current research status of assisted reproductive technology (ART) and birth defects by means of co-word analysis, to explore the hot spots and weak points of current research, and to provide ideas and opinions for follow-up researchers. METHODS: The PubMed database was used to investigate the knowledge structures of the applied words ART and birth defects. The published literature was searched until December 31, 2018. The extracted MeSH terms were quantified using the Bibliographic Item Co-Occurrence Matrix Builder and the high-frequency MeSH terms were determined. According to the MeSH term-source article matrix, hierarchical cluster analysis was performed using SPSS 19.0. The high frequency MeSH term co-occurrence matrix was constructed to support strategic diagram and social network analysis (SNA). RESULTS: According to the search strategy, 1635 papers were included. Of all the extracted MeSH terms, 105 high frequency MeSH terms were identified and the hotspots were classified into nine categories. In the strategic diagram, research on the effects of prenatal diagnosis methods and ART on the development of offspring has been well developed. In contrast, research on reproductive ethics, epigenetics, and epidemiology is relatively immature, indicating the need for future research. For SNA results, the position status of each component is described by the center value. CONCLUSIONS: By providing a quantitative bibliometric study, it can help with the overall command of the latest topic and guide researchers in their new projects.

13.
Appl Microbiol Biotechnol ; 105(6): 2351-2361, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33635357

RESUMO

Aeromonas veronii can cause a variety of diseases such as sepsis in humans and animals. However, there has been no effective way to eradicate A. veronii. In this study, the intracellular antibacterial activities of the C-terminal aminated marine peptide N6 (N6NH2) and its D-enantiomer (DN6NH2) against A. veronii were investigated in macrophages and in mice, respectively. The result showed that DN6NH2 with the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of 1.62 µM is more resistant to cathepsin B than N6NH2 (3.23 µM). The penetration percentages of the cells treated with 4-200 µg/mL fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-DN6NH2 were 52.5-99.6%, higher than those of FITC-N6NH2 (27.0-99.1%). Both N6NH2 and DN6NH2 entered macrophages by macropinocytosis and an energy-dependent manner. DN6NH2 reduced intracellular A. veronii by 34.57%, superior to N6NH2 (19.52%). After treatment with 100 µg/mL DN6NH2, the levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and IL-1ß were reduced by 53.45%, 58.54%, and 44.62%, respectively, lower than those of N6NH2 (15.65%, 12.88%, and 14.10%, respectively); DN6NH2 increased the IL-10 level (42.94%), higher than N6NH2 (7.67%). In the mice peritonitis model, 5 µmol/kg DN6NH2 reduced intracellular A. veronii colonization by 73.22%, which was superior to N6NH2 (32.45%) or ciprofloxacin (45.67%). This suggests that DN6NH2 may be used as the candidate for treating intracellular multidrug-resistant (MDR) A. veronii. KEY POINTS: • DN6NH2 improved intracellular antibacterial activity against MDR A. veronii. • DN6NH2 entered macrophages by micropinocytosis and enhanced the internalization rates. • DN6NH2 effectively protected the mice from infection with A. veronii.

14.
Postgrad Med ; 133(4): 428-435, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33554703

RESUMO

Objective: Sex-related differences are well established among stroke patients, including the incidence and prevalence of stroke being higher among men than among women. However, the sex-related factors for differences in the outcomes of strokes of undetermined source (SUSs) have not been well described, especially in the Chinese population. We assessed the sex-related differences in the factors associated with outcomes among patients with SUSs in China.Method: Between January 2011 and December 2018, we recruited 205 patients diagnosed with SUSs from Kailuan General Hospital (China). The clinical features, risk factors, and outcome data were collected for the patients at 3 and 12 months after their strokes.Results: There were higher frequencies of hyperlipidemia (27.8% vs. 26.4%), smoking (41.4% vs. 5.6%), and alcohol consumption (21.8% vs. 0%) for male patients than for female patients. However, women were more likely than men to have hypertension (63.9% vs. 46.6%), diabetes (27.8% vs. 20.3%), and atrial fibrillation (9.7% vs. 5.3%); they were also more likely to be obese (16.7% vs. 12.0%). There were no significant differences in outcome between the sexes. Among men, severe strokes were associated with higher case fatality and disability risks at 12 months after stroke onset; hyperlipidemia was a risk factor for recurrence within 3 months of the initial stroke. Among women, severe strokes also increased the risk of disability; in women, high total cholesterol (TC) and age were associated with poor outcomes.Conclusion: The factors associated with outcomes in SUS differed by sex. For male patients, more severe stroke and hyperlipidemia were associated with poor outcomes in SUS. Risk factors for poor outcomes in female patients were stroke severity, age, and TC level. These findings suggest that taking measures to manage blood lipid levels and severe stroke among patients with SUS is important for both male and female patients and is crucial for reducing the burden of stroke in China.

15.
Appl Microbiol Biotechnol ; 105(4): 1489-1504, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33534018

RESUMO

Streptococcus dysgalactiae, considered one of the main pathogens that causes bovine mastitis, is a serious threat to humans and animals. However, the excessive use of antibiotics and the characteristic of S. dysgalactiae forming biofilms in mastitic teat canal have serious clinical implications. In this study, in vivo and in vitro multiple mechanisms of action of P2, a mutant of fungal defensin plectasin, against S. dysgalactiae were systematically and comprehensively investigated for the first time. P2 showed potent antibacterial activity against S. dysgalactiae (minimum inhibitory concentration, MIC = 0.23-0.46 µM) and rapid bactericidal action by 3.0 lg units reduction in 2-4 h. No resistant mutants appeared after 30-d serial passage of S. dysgalactiae in the presence of P2. The results of electron microscopy and flow cytometer showed that P2 induced membrane damage of S. dysgalactiae, causing the leakage of cellular content and eventually cell death. Besides, P2 effectively inhibited early biofilm formation, eradicated mature biofilms, and killed 99.9% persisters which were resistant to 100 × MIC vancomycin; and confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) also revealed the potent antibacterial and antibiofilm activity of P2 (the thickness of biofilm reduced from 18.82 to 7.94 µm). The in vivo therapeutic effect of P2 in mouse mastitis model showed that it decreased the number of mammary bacteria and alleviated breast inflammation by regulating cytokines and inhibiting bacterial proliferation, which were superior to vancomycin. These data indicated that P2 maybe a potential candidate peptide for mastitis treatment of S. dysgalactiae infections. KEY POINTS: •P2 showed potential in vitro antibacterial characteristics towards S. dysgalactiae. •P2 eradicated biofilms, killed persisters, and induced cell death of S. dysgalactiae. •P2 could effectively protect mice from S. dysgalactiae infection in gland.

16.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33540971

RESUMO

Objective:To investigate the effects of postoperative surgical treatment of infantile adenoidal hypertrophy on children, the recurrence rate, and the changes in immune levels before and after surgery. Methods:Low temperature plasma ablation was performed in 11 infants with adenoidal hypertrophy to evaluate the risk of postoperative anesthesia and the effect of surgery on recurrence rate and immunity. Results:During the follow-up period of 3 to 6 months, 2 patients had recurrence(18.18%), including 1 case with round pillow hyperplasia and 1 case with tonsil reactive hyperplasia. Three months after surgery, the immune level did not decrease significantly compared with that before surgery. No serious complications occurred in all children. Infants with adenoidal hypertrophy fall asleep, snoring, open mouth breathing, and belching seriously affect the quality of sleep and growth. Children who have been ineffective for more than 2 months undergo low-temperature plasma ablation. General anesthesia is safer. After that, the sleep quality of the children was significantly improved, and the immunity did not decrease significantly. Conclusion:Low temperature plasma ablation in infants with adenoidal hypertrophy is safe and effective, but it is not a routine treatment. Clinical symptoms are easy to repeat. The indications for surgery should be appropriately weighed.


Assuntos
Tonsila Faríngea , Tonsila Faríngea/cirurgia , Criança , Humanos , Hipertrofia/cirurgia , Lactente , Respiração Bucal , Tonsila Palatina , Ronco
18.
J Mater Chem B ; 9(7): 1833-1845, 2021 02 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33511386

RESUMO

In this work, magnetic molybdenum disulfide (mMoS2) was synthesized firstly. Then, layer-by-layer (LbL) self-assembly technology was used for the preparation of chitosan/carboxymethylcellulose functionalized mMoS2 nanocomposites. The nanocomposites with the diameter of 0.4 µm did not easily agglomerate in biological suspensions, thus had good dispersion and stability. Simultaneously, mMoS2-CS/CMC strongly inhibited the adsorption of non-specific proteins to mMoS2. In a drug loading experiment, in which doxorubicin hydrochloride (DOX) was used as a model drug, it was found that the drug loading capacity of mMoS2-CS/CMC was high and the drug loading rate could reach 86%. When the drug was released, mMoS2-CS/CMC-DOX showed an obvious pH-dependent release behavior. In cellular studies, the nanocomposites were easily taken up by tumor cells, and mainly located in the cytoplasm. The pure carrier materials had good biocompatibility with no obvious cytotoxicity, but they could cause dose-dependent cytotoxicity after DOX loading. Moreover, mMoS2-CS/CMC had an excellent photothermal effect, and an in vivo study showed that after it was injected into mice, more nanocomposites concentrated in the tumor site than mMoS2, indicating the tumor targeting properties. Therefore, the modification of mMoS2 with chitosan and sodium carboxymethylcellulose will promote the development of tumor therapy.

19.
Food Chem ; 347: 129036, 2021 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33508589

RESUMO

3-(Methylthio)-1-propanol, reminiscent of cauliflower and cooked vegetable aroma, is an important sulfur compound in Baijiu. It is important to develop a method to increase 3-(methylthio)-1-propanol content to improve flavor quality of products. In this study, a synthetic microbial community was employed to enhance the content of 3-(methylthio)-1-propanol by multi-module division of labor approach. Firstly, the synthetic pathway of 3-(methylthio)-1-propanol was reconstructed and classified into three modules. Later, the hyper producers in each module were isolated and negative interaction between the members was relieved. Finally, a synthetic microbial community was constructed using three species containing one hyper producer from each module. Furthermore, the transcription characteristics of the species in each module were validated by metatranscriptomic analysis. The constructed synthetic microbial community can be used to biosynthesize 3-(methylthio)-1-propanol for Baijiu. This work provided a novel and workable strategy to design synthetic microbial community to enhance the flavor feature of other fermented foods.


Assuntos
Bacillus/metabolismo , Compostos de Enxofre/metabolismo , Bacillus/genética , Técnicas de Cultura Celular por Lotes , Biomassa , Proteínas Fúngicas/genética , Proteínas Fúngicas/metabolismo , Lactobacillus/genética , Lactobacillus/metabolismo , Metionina/análise , Metionina/metabolismo , RNA Bacteriano/química , RNA Bacteriano/isolamento & purificação , RNA Bacteriano/metabolismo , RNA Fúngico/química , RNA Fúngico/isolamento & purificação , RNA Fúngico/metabolismo , Saccharomyces/genética , Saccharomyces/metabolismo , Compostos de Enxofre/química
20.
Carbohydr Polym ; 255: 117378, 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33436209

RESUMO

Growing attention has been focused on modifications of starch using electric field, but electrode corrosion and metal contamination remain unavoidable during the process. To solve these problems, the magneto-induced electric field was used to assist corn starch hydrolysis due to its thermal effect. Results indicated that the method accelerated corn starch acid hydrolysis and decreased the treatment time. The reducing sugar content increased to 0.59 g/L after a 60 s treatment, which was 353.44 % higher than the 20 s treatment, while the average degree of polymerization reached a minimum. The treated starch showed increased solubility and swelling power, as well as decreased freeze-thaw stability. X-ray diffraction, fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and scanning electron microscopy results suggested that the physicochemical changes of corn starch were due to the thermal effect of the induced electric field. This study is expected to provide an important basis for applying new electric field hydrolysis technology to starch modification.

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