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1.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 267, 2023 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36609579

RESUMO

Microwave absorbing materials for high-temperature harsh environments are highly desirable for aerodynamically heated parts and engine combustion induced hot spots of aircrafts. This study reports ceramic composites with excellent and stable high-temperature microwave absorption in air, which are made of polymer-derived SiOC reinforced with core-shell nanophase structure of ZrB2/ZrO2. The fabricated ceramic composites have a crystallized t-ZrO2 interface between ZrB2 and SiOC domains. The ceramic composites exhibit stable dielectric properties, which are relatively insensitive to temperature change from room temperature to 900 °C. The return loss exceeds - 10 dB, especially between 28 and 40 GHz, at the elevated temperatures. The stable high-temperature electromagnetic (EM) absorption properties are attributed to the stable dielectric and electrical properties induced by the core-shell nanophase structure of ZrB2/ZrO2. Crystallized t-ZrO2 serve as nanoscale dielectric interfaces between ZrB2 and SiOC, which are favorable for EM wave introduction for enhancing polarization loss and absorption. Existence of t-ZrO2 interface also changes the temperature-dependent DC conductivity of ZrB2/SiOC ceramic composites when compared to that of ZrB2 and SiOC alone. Experimental results from thermomechanical, jet flow, thermal shock, and water vapor tests demonstrate that the developed ceramic composites have high stability in harsh environments, and can be used as high-temperature wide-band microwave absorbing structural materials.

2.
Ann Med ; 55(1): 175-189, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36661308

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune disease associated with an increased risk of death, but its underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. Circular RNAs (circRNAs) have recently been implicated in various biological processes. The aim of this study was to investigate the key circRNAs related to RA. METHODS: A microarray assay was used to identify the differentially expressed circRNAs (DEcircRNAs) in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from patients with RA compared to patients with osteoarthritis (OA) and healthy controls. Then, quantitative real-time PCR was applied to verify the DEcircRNAs, and correlations between the levels of DEcircRNAs and laboratory indices were analysed. We also performed extensive bioinformatic analyses including Gene Ontology (GO), Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genome (KEGG) pathway and potential circRNA-miRNA-mRNA network analyses to predict the function of these DEcircRNAs. RESULTS: A total of 35,342 and 6146 DEcircRNAs were detected in RA patients compared to controls and OA patients, respectively. Nine out of the DEcircRNAs in RA were validated by real-time PCR. There were correlations between the levels of DEcircRNAs and some of the laboratory indices. GO analyses revealed that these DEcircRNAs in RA were closely related to cellular protein metabolic processes, gene expression, the immune system, cell cycle, posttranslational protein modification and collagen formation. Functional annotation of host genes of these DEcircRNAs was implicated in several significantly enriched pathways, including metabolic pathways, ECM-receptor interaction, the PI3K-Akt signalling pathway, the AMPK signalling pathway, leukocyte transendothelial migration, platelet activation and the cAMP signalling pathway, which might be responsible for the pathophysiology of RA. CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this study may help to elucidate the role of circRNAs in the specific mechanism underlying RA.Key messagesMicroarray assays showed that a total of 35,342 and 6146 DEcircRNAs were detected in RA patients compared to controls and OA patients, respectively.Nine out of the DEcircRNAs in RA were validated by real-time PCR, and the levels of the DEcircRNAs were related to some of the laboratory indices.GO analyses revealed that the DEcircRNAs in RA were closely related to cellular protein metabolic processes, gene expression, the immune system, etc.Functional annotation of host genes of the DEcircRNAs in RA was implicated in several significantly enriched pathways, including metabolic pathways, ECM-receptor interaction, the PI3K-Akt signalling pathway, etc.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , MicroRNAs , Osteoartrite , Humanos , RNA Circular/genética , RNA Circular/metabolismo , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , MicroRNAs/genética , Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Osteoartrite/genética , Osteoartrite/metabolismo
3.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 21(1): 13, 2023 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36639772

RESUMO

Macrophage polarization determines the production of cytokines that fuel the initiation and evolution of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Thus, modulation of macrophage polarization might represent a potential therapeutic strategy for RA. However, coordinated modulation of macrophages in the synovium and synovial fluid has not been achieved thus far. Herein, we develop a biomimetic ApoA-I mimetic peptide-modified neutrophil membrane-wrapped F127 polymer (R4F-NM@F127) for targeted drug delivery during RA treatment. Due to the high expression of adhesion molecules and chemokine receptors on neutrophils, the neutrophil membrane coating can endow the nanocarrier with synovitis-targeting ability, with subsequent recruitment to the synovial fluid under the chemotactic effects of IL-8. Moreover, R4F peptide modification further endows the nanocarrier with the ability to target the SR-B1 receptor, which is highly expressed on macrophages in the synovium and synovial fluid. Long-term in vivo imaging shows that R4F-NM@F127 preferentially accumulates in inflamed joints and is engulfed by macrophages. After loading of the anti-inflammatory drug celastrol (Cel), R4F-NM@F127-Cel shows a significant reduction in hepatotoxicity, and effectively inhibits synovial inflammation and alleviates joint damage by reprogramming macrophage polarization. Thus, our results highlight the potential of the coordinated targeted modulation of macrophages as a promising therapeutic option for the treatment of RA.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Nanopartículas , Humanos , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Biomimética , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/metabolismo , Citocinas , Nanopartículas/uso terapêutico
4.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 228: 615-623, 2023 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36581033

RESUMO

Surface-enhanced Raman scattering is a rapid, highly sensitive and non-destructive technique, whereas, it was still limited to designing different types of enhancing substrates or using probe molecules to only identify single biomolecules. Especially, some special biomolecules have weak Raman signals in solid state, so it is a huge challenge to obtain their enhanced Raman signals in liquid. To solve the problem, a double-enhanced Raman scattering (DERS) detection platform was developed in this study based on silver nanoparticles that were prepared by using an appropriate amount of sodium borohydride and guided by calcium ions to form good "hot spots". This enabled one to successfully obtain fingerprints of various types of biomolecules under the identical experimental conditions. The addition of sodium borohydride as reducing agent could protect silver nanoparticles from oxidation, and biomolecules were adsorbed on the exposed silver surface and demonstrated their initially enhanced Raman signals. Furthermore, the "hot spots" formed by silver nanoparticles without silver oxide coating could further enhance the Raman signal of biomolecules, making the enhancement factor up to 10 [8]. To sum up, the possibility of fast identification of different species of biomolecules via DERS has wide application prospects in the fields of biomarker detection and medical diagnosis.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Análise Espectral Raman/métodos , Prata
5.
Food Res Int ; 162(Pt A): 111974, 2022 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36461222

RESUMO

The proportion of seed tannins in wine is higher than that of skin tannins during normal winemaking practices. The interaction between grape skin cell wall and seed tannin could alter seed tannin extraction and wine tannin profiles during winemaking. However, the influence of grape skin cell wall ripeness in the interaction is still unclear. The purpose of this work was to study the influence of grape skins cell wall ripeness on seed tannins extraction and the final wine tannin profiles during alcoholic fermentation. The percentage of seed tannins extraction increases according to the skin cell wall maturity, and the higher the mDP of tannins, the larger the difference of tannins extraction. During alcoholic fermentation, seed tannins are adsorbed to the skin cell wall and desorb gradually into wine. For the final wine, cell wall maturity was positively correlated with tannins concentration and negatively correlated with G%. The results indicate that grape skin cell walls of different ripeness modulate seed tannins profiles in wine by controlling seed tannins release and adsorption-desorption of tannins during alcoholic fermentation.


Assuntos
Taninos , Vinho , Fermentação , Parede Celular , Sementes , Benzopiranos
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(48): e32006, 2022 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36482608

RESUMO

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) co-infection has become a pressing global public health problem. Although tuberculosis (TB) is both treatable and curable, it has been exacerbated by the HIV/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) epidemic. HIV-MTB co-infected patients have a variety of disease-specific, and treatment-related factors that can adversely affect their treatment outcomes. This study was conducted to assess the outcomes of TB treatment and its associated factors among HIV-MTB co-infected patients in Sichuan, Southwest China. A retrospective study was performed on HIV-MTB co-infected patients who were diagnosed and registered in TB designated hospitals in Sichuan from January 1, 2016, to December 31, 2020. Data were collected from patients' electronic medical records regarding their demographic, clinical, and social support information, and categorical data, such as sex, were reported using numbers and percentages. χ2 and t-tests were conducted to compare groups in relation to different levels of medical institutions. A binary logistic regression model was used to identify the factors associated with unsuccessful TB treatment outcomes. For logistic regression analysis performed using an α of 0.05, odds ratios (ORs) and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated for various risk factors. A total of 3677 registered HIV-MTB co-infected patients were enrolled. After adjusting for other variables, male, advanced age, receiving TB treatment at the municipal medical institution, being diagnosed with external pulmonary TB, referral or tracing, being sputum smear positive, not initiating antiretroviral therapy (ART) and not using fixed-dose combinations were the main risk factors for treatment failure of HIV-MTB co-infected patients in Sichuan province. Sex, age, hospital level, patient source, other diagnostic factors (e.g., sputum smear results, anatomical site of TB), and factors of therapeutic schemes (e.g., antiretroviral therapy, fixed-dose combinations) may serve as risk factors to estimate the likely treatment outcome of HIV-TB co-infection.


Assuntos
Coinfecção , Infecções por HIV , Humanos , Masculino , HIV , Estudos Retrospectivos , Coinfecção/tratamento farmacológico , Coinfecção/epidemiologia , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Protoplasma ; 2022 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36385311

RESUMO

Tea plant, an important beverage crop, is cultivated worldwide. Lignification can improve the hardness of tea plant, which is of great significance for tea quality. Jasmonates (JAs) and cytokinin are plant hormones that control processes of plant development and secondary metabolite accumulation. Hydroxycinnamoyl-CoA shikimate/quinate hydroxycinnamoyl transferase (HCT) is primarily involved in lignin biosynthesis. The effects of exogenous application of JAs and cytokinin on lignin biosynthesis and related HCT gene expression profiles in tea plants are still unclear. In order to investigate the effects of exogenous JAs and cytokinin on lignin accumulation, anatomical structures, and CsHCT gene profiles in tea plants, we treated tea plants with methyl jasmonate (MeJA) and cytokinin (6-BA). MeJA and 6-BA treatments triggered the lignification at 6 and 12 d in tea leaves. The combined treatment resulted in an increase in lignin content at 6 d, which was 1.32 times of that at 0 d for 'Mengshan 9.' The CsHCTs in clade 2 (CsHCT5, CsHCT6, CsHCT7, and CsHCT8) were mainly expressed in leaves. We found that exogenous MeJA and cytokinin might be able to antagonistically regulate tea plant lignin accumulation through the mediation of CsHCT expression. This study revealed that HCTs play potential important roles involved in lignin biosynthesis of tea plant development and hormonal stimuli.

8.
Small ; : e2205694, 2022 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36366925

RESUMO

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) can generate reactive oxygen species (ROS) to cause cell apoptosis and induce immunogenic cell death (ICD) to activate immune response, becoming a promising antitumor modality. However, the overexpressions of indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) and programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) on tumor cells would reduce cytotoxic T cells infiltration and inhibit the immune activation. In this paper, a simple but effective nanosystem is developed to solve these issues for enhanced photodynamic immunotherapy. Specifically, it has been constructed a self-delivery biomedicine (CeNB) based on photosensitizer chlorine e6 (Ce6), IDO inhibitor (NLG919), and PD1/PDL1 blocker (BMS-1) without the need for extra excipients. Of note, CeNB possesses fairly high drug content (nearly 100%), favorable stability, and uniform morphology. More importantly, CeNB-mediated IDO inhibition and PD1/PDL1 blockade greatly improve the immunosuppressive tumor microenvironments to promote immune activation. The PDT of CeNB not only inhibits tumor proliferation but also induces ICD response to activate immunological cascade. Ultimately, self-delivery CeNB tremendously suppresses the tumor growth and metastasis while leads to a minimized side effect. Such simple and effective antitumor strategy overcomes the therapeutic resistance against PDT-initiated immunotherapy, suggesting a potential for metastatic tumor treatment in clinic.

9.
Eur J Med Res ; 27(1): 227, 2022 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36329534

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Septic shock is associated with increased mortality. Predicting mortality, including early prediction for septic shock patients in intensive care units (ICUs), remains an important challenge. METHOD: We searched the Medical Information Mart for Intensive Care IV database. Odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of the relationships between shock index (SI), modified SI (MSI), and diastolic SI (DSI) of patients with septic shock requiring vasopressors and 3-day/in-hospital mortality were calculated using logistic regression models. The time-course changes of these parameters were compared between survivors and non-survivors. The performance of the different parameters was described by the area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve (AUC) and compared with DeLong analysis. RESULTS: A total of 1266 patients with septic shock requiring vasopressors were identified. The 3-day mortality rate and in-hospital mortality rate were 8.7% and 23.5%, respectively. Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed significant associations between pre-vasopressor SI/MSI/DSI and 3-day mortality in patients with septic shock requiring vasopressors in fully adjusted models (Ps for trend < 0.01). The AUCs of pre-vasopressor SI, MSI, and DSI were 0.746, 0.710, and 0.732 for 3-day mortality, respectively. There were significant differences in the time-course of SI, MSI, and DSI between survivors and non-survivors at 3-day/in-hospital mortality among patients with septic shock requiring vasopressors (repeated-measures ANOVA, inter-subjects difference P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Pre-vasopressor SI, MSI, and DSI values identified patients with septic shock requiring vasopressors who are at increased risk of early death. Of these easy-to-acquire values, SI and MSI show a comparatively better performance.


Assuntos
Choque Séptico , Choque , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Área Sob a Curva , Prognóstico
10.
Lipids Health Dis ; 21(1): 98, 2022 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36209126

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although obesity is caused by different factors, individual susceptibility to obesity differs among people under the same circumstances. The microbiota in the caecum or fresh faeces and metabolites in blood or urine contribute to obesity resistance; however, the microbiota or metabolites in the small intestine have not been extensively studied. METHODS: To investigate the relationship between the microbiota or metabolites in the small intestine and susceptibility to obesity, eighty-eight male C57BL/6 mice were fed a high-fat diet (HFD) for 8 weeks to establish two models of obesity and obesity resistance. For further study, six mice were chosen from among the obesity models, and twelve mice were randomly chosen from among the obesity resistance models. After fasting plasma glucose and behavioural testing, the mice were fed in single cages for another 4 weeks to observe their weight and food intake. All mice were sacrificed at 20 weeks of age. Serum ALT, AST, HDL, LDL, TG and TC levels were measured using an automatic biochemical analyser. The microbiota and metabolites in the small intestine contents were analysed using 16 S sequencing and an ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatographic system, respectively. Transcripts in the jejunum were evaluated using full-length transcriptome sequencing and verified by qPCR. RESULTS: The results showed that HFD induced depression and anxiety behaviours and higher fasting plasma glucose, ALT, AST, HDL, LDL, TG and TC levels in the obese mice; however, these levels were improved in obese resistance mice. The correlation analysis showed that the phosphatidylcholine, TG, and phosphatidylethanolamine levels were higher in obese mice and correlated positively with intestinal microflora (Desulfovibrio and Gemella) and the Cxcl10 gene. A higher abundance of Clostridium_sensu_stricto_1 in obesity-resistant mice correlated negatively with the metabolite contents (neuromedin N and enkephalin L) and Pck1 gene expression and correlated positively with certain metabolites (5-hydroxy-L-tryptophan, cinnamyl alcohol and 1 H-indole-3-acetamide) and genes expression (Gdf15, Igfbp6 and Spp1). CONCLUSION: Clostridium_sensu_stricto_1, neuromedin N, enkephalin L, Pck1, 5-hydroxy-L-tryptophan, Cxcl10 and cinnamyl alcohol may be novel biomarkers in the small intestine for obesity/obesity resistance. These might be helpful for obesity prevention or for treating obese patients.


Assuntos
Glicemia , Fosfatidiletanolaminas , Animais , Biomarcadores , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Encefalinas , Intestino Delgado/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Obesos , Obesidade/metabolismo , Fosfatidilcolinas , Propanóis , Triptofano
11.
Pak J Med Sci ; 38(7): 1766-1770, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36246677

RESUMO

Objective: To observe the changes of blood gas and serum indexes in patients with acute heart failure complicated with respiratory failure treated by noninvasive ventilator-assisted ventilation. Methods: The records of patients with acute heart failure and respiratory failure, treated in our hospital from June 2019 to June 2021, were selected and stratified based on the received therapy. Of a total of 168 patients, 81 received continuous low flow oxygen therapy (control group) and 87 received noninvasive ventilator (NIV)-assisted ventilation therapy (NIV group). The blood gas and serum indexes of the two groups were compared and analyzed. Results: After 48 hours of treatment, the blood oxygen saturation (SaO2), arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2) and oxygenation index (PaO2/FiO2) in patients in the NIV group were higher than those in the control group, while the expression of arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO2) was lower than that in the control group (P<0.05). After 24 hours and 48 hours of treatment, there was an increase in the expression of N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-pro BNP) and Cardiac troponin I (cTnI) in both groups. The expression of NT-pro BNP and cTnI in the NIV group was significantly lower than that in the control group (P<0.05). Conclusion: In patients with acute heart failure and respiratory failure, noninvasive ventilator-assisted ventilation results in improved blood gas analysis indexes and lower levels of heart disease markers, NT-pro BNP and cTnI.

12.
Zhongguo Yi Liao Qi Xie Za Zhi ; 46(5): 481-484, 2022 Sep 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36254472

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Non-contact continuous blood pressure monitoring is significant in vital sign monitoring. Frequency modulated continuous wave (FMCW) radar is suitable for non-contact wave signal extraction. A heartbeat-guided blood pressure monitoring algorithm using FMCW radar is proposed. METHODS: The target heart rate is detected and pulse wave signal is extracted based on FMCW reflected signals. The variational mode decomposition (VMD) is introduced to alleviate the interferences of human breath and slight body movements. The pulse wave signal is extracted based on target heart rate. Blood pressure related features of pure pulse waveform are extracted to obtain blood pressure based on its estimation model. RESULTS: Experiments are conducted indoor among 15 participants sitting in a nature state. The average accuracy of diastolic blood pressure (DBP) is 94.3% and that of systolic blood pressure is 94.4%. CONCLUSIONS: The experimental results demonstrate the robustness and effectiveness of the proposed algorithm, which makes it possible to further achieve long-term real-time non-contact blood pressure monitoring.


Assuntos
Radar , Processamento de Sinais Assistido por Computador , Algoritmos , Pressão Sanguínea , Determinação da Pressão Arterial , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Sinais Vitais
13.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 635: 19-29, 2022 12 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36252333

RESUMO

Nobiletin can regulate lipid metabolism and protect the central nervous system. However, its role in the enteric nervous system (ENS) of obese subjects is still unclear. To investigate the ENS protective effects and mechanism of nobiletin in obese mice, male C57BL/6 mice were fed a chow diet and a high-fat diet (HFD) for 8 weeks. The identified obese and control mice were grouped and administered vehicle, nobiletin 40 mg/kg, 100 mg/kg or 200 mg/kg daily for 4 weeks. The major indexes of obesity, intestinal transit rate, PGP9.5, nNOS, TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-10, Bcl2 and Bax were measured. The full-length transcriptome was used to analyze differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in the colon. The results indicated that nobiletin effectively improved major indexes of obesity and bowel motility function, suppressed the expression of TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6 and Bax, and upregulated the expression of IL-10, Bcl2, PGP9.5 and nNOS. Based on full-length transcriptome sequencing, nobiletin regulated lipid metabolism and inflammation via the PPAR and NOD-like receptor signaling pathways. Trem2 expression was significantly reduced in obese mice. However, Trem2 expression was significantly increased after nobiletin treatment in obese mice. The enrichment analysis showed that Trem2 plays an important role in enteric neuroinflammation. In conclusion, nobiletin regulates lipid metabolism and inflammation in obese mice. Trem2 is a potential target of nobiletin for ENS protection in obese mice.


Assuntos
Interleucina-10 , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa , Animais , Masculino , Camundongos , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2 , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Interleucina-6 , Glicoproteínas de Membrana , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Obesos , Obesidade/tratamento farmacológico , Obesidade/metabolismo , Receptores Imunológicos , Motilidade Gastrointestinal
14.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 14(42): 47685-47695, 2022 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36219729

RESUMO

Na superionic conductor-structured phosphates have attracted wide interest due to their high working voltage and fast Na+ migration facilitated by the robust 3D open framework. However, they usually suffer from low-rate capability and inferior cycling stability due to the low intrinsic electronic conductivity and limited activated Na+ ions. Herein, a doping protocol with Na+ in the V3+ site is developed to activate extra electrochemical Na+ ions and expand the migration path of Na+, leading to the improvement of the electronic conductivity and diffusion kinetics. It is also disclosed that the generated stronger Na-O bonds with high ionicity significantly conduce to the enhanced structural stability in the Na+-substituted Na3.05V1.975Na0.025(PO4)3/C cathode. The obtained composite can deliver an excellent rate capacity of 83.8 mA h g-1 at 20 C and a moderate cycling persistence of 91.3% over 1500 cycles at 10 C with great fast-charging properties. The reversible structure evolution is confirmed by the ex situ XRD, XPS, and ICP characterization. This work sheds light on awakening electroactive Na+ ions and designing phosphates with superior electrochemical stability for practical Na-ion batteries.

15.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 246: 114177, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36244176

RESUMO

Oxidative stress in plants caused by UV-B stress has always been a great challenge to the yield of agricultural products. Carbon dots (CDs) with enzyme-like activity have been developed, and inhibiting oxidative stress in animals has been achieved, but little is known about abiotic stress resistance in plants, especially UV-B stress. In this study, CDs were synthesized from Scutellaria baicalensis via a hydrothermal method. The ability of CDs to scavenge reactive oxygen species (ROS) in vivo and in vitro and to enhance antioxidant resistance in vivo was evaluated. The results show that CDs promoted the nutrient assimilation ability of lettuce seedlings and protected the plants from UV-B stress by increasing the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), peroxidase (POD), catalase (CAT), glutathione reductase (GR), and ascorbate peroxidase (APX). Moreover, the antioxidant metabolism of plants can be activated by CDs and the expression levels of aquaporin (AQP) genes PIP1 and PIP2 are also up-regulated. These results facilitate the design and fabrication of CDs to meet the challenge of abiotic stress in food production.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Alface , Alface/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Scutellaria baicalensis/metabolismo , Carbono/metabolismo , Catalase/metabolismo , Ascorbato Peroxidases/metabolismo , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
16.
PLoS One ; 17(9): e0272928, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36048820

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Postoperative abdominal adhesion is one of most common complications after abdominal operations. 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxyamide ribonucleoside (AICAR) is an adenosine 5'-monophosphate activated protein kinase (AMPK) pathway agonist that inhibits inflammation, reduces cell fibrosis and cellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) injury, promotes autophagy and mitochondrial function. This study aimed to explore the mechanism of AICAR in inhibiting adhesion formation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty rats were randomly divided into five groups. All of the rats except the sham group received cecal abrasion to establish an adhesion model. The rats in the sodium hyaluronate group were treated with 2 mL sodium hyaluronate before closing the peritoneal cavity. The AICAR 1 and 2 groups were treated with 100 mg/kg and 200 mg/kg AICAR, respectively. Seven days after the operation, all of the rats were euthanized, and the adhesion condition was evaluated by Nair's system. Inflammation was assessed by Eosin-hematoxylin (HE) staining and transforming growth factor-ß (TGF-ß1) detection. Oxidative stress effect was determined by ROS, nitric oxide (NO) level, superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase, glutathione peroxidase (Gpx) and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels in adhesion tissue. Then, Sirius red picric acid staining was used to detect the fiber thickness. Immunohistochemical staining of cytokeratin-19 (CK-19), alpha-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) was also performed. Finally, HMrSV5 cells were treated with TGF-ß1 and AICAR, the mRNA expression of E-cadherin, α-SMA and vimentin was assessed by q-PCR and cellular immunofluorescent staining. RESULTS: The rats in the AICAR-treated group had fewer adhesion formation incidences and a reduced Nair's score. The inflammation was determined by HE staining and TGF-ß1 concentration. The ROS, SOD, Catalase, Gpx, MDA levels and fiber thickness were decreased by AICAR treatments compared to the control. However, the NO production, Nrf2 levels and peritoneal mesothelial cell integrity were promoted after AICAR treatments. In vitro work, AICAR treatments reduced E-cadherin, α-SMA and vimentin mRNA level compared to that in the TGF-ß1 group. CONCLUSION: AICAR can inhibit postoperative adhesion formation by reducing inflammation, decreasing oxidative stress response and promoting peritoneal mesothelial cell repair.


Assuntos
Ribonucleosídeos , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1 , Aminoimidazol Carboxamida/análogos & derivados , Animais , Caderinas/metabolismo , Catalase/metabolismo , Ácido Hialurônico , Inflamação , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/genética , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Ratos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Ribonucleosídeos/metabolismo , Ribonucleotídeos , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Aderências Teciduais/tratamento farmacológico , Aderências Teciduais/prevenção & controle , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/metabolismo , Vimentina/metabolismo
17.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Basis Dis ; 1868(12): 166558, 2022 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36174877

RESUMO

Cardiovascular diseases are closely associated with dysfunction of vascular endothelial cells (VECs), which can be influenced by various intrinsic and extrinsic factors, including fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21), but the effects of serum FGF21 on VECs remain unclear. We performed a cross-sectional study nested within a prospective cohort to assess the range of physiological concentrations of fasting serum FGF21 in 212 healthy individuals. We also treated human umbilical VECs (HUVECs) with recombinant FGF21 at different concentrations. The effects of FGF21 treatment on glycolysis, nitric oxide release and reduction of intracellular reactive oxygen species were assessed. The cells were also collected for RNA transcriptomic sequencing to investigate the potential mechanisms induced by FGF21 treatment. In addition, the roles of SIRT1 in the regulation of FGF21 were evaluated by SIRT1 knockdown. The results showed that the serum FGF21 concentration in healthy individuals ranged from 15.70 to 499.96 pg/mL and was positively correlated with age and pulse wave velocity. FGF21 at 400 pg/mL was sufficient to enhance glycolysis, increase nitric oxide release and protect cells from H2O2-induced oxidative damage. The upregulated genes after FGF21 treatment were mostly enriched in metabolic pathways, whereas the downregulated genes were mostly enriched in inflammation and apoptosis signaling pathways. Moreover, SIRT1 may be involved in the regulation of some genes by FGF21. In conclusion, our data indicate that FGF21 at a level within the physiological concentration range has a beneficial effect on HUVECs and that this effect may partly depend on the regulation of SIRT1.


Assuntos
Células Endoteliais , Sirtuína 1 , Estudos Transversais , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Fatores de Crescimento de Fibroblastos , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Estudos Prospectivos , Análise de Onda de Pulso , RNA/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Sirtuína 1/genética , Sirtuína 1/metabolismo
18.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 24(38): 23903-23909, 2022 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36165323

RESUMO

Nd0.6Sr0.4Fe1-xZnxO3-δ perovskite oxides were prepared by solid state synthesis and applied as solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) cathodes. XRD showed the high uniformity of the synthesized powder. The addition of Zn reduces the coefficient thermal expansion (CTE), and the average CTE is 15.9279 × 10-6 K when the added Zn content is 0.1. Nd0.6Sr0.4Fe0.96Zn0.04O3-δ showed the highest conductivity of 108.78 S cm-1 at 700 °C. EIS indicated that an appropriate amount of Zn doping can improve the oxygen transport capacity. A single cell with Nd0.6Sr0.4Fe0.96Zn0.04O3-δ as the cathode showed a peak power density of 306.37 mW cm-2 at 800 °C, proving that the introduction of an appropriate amount of Zn can improve the electrochemical performance of a material.

19.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 13: 984828, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36093108

RESUMO

Background: The impact of lifestyle factors on circulating fibroblast growth factor 21 (cFGF21) remains unclear. We conducted this systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the association between lifestyle factors and cFGF21 levels. Methods: We included studies that evaluated the effects of different lifestyles on cFGF21 concentration in adults, which included smoking, exercise, diets, alcohol consumption and weight loss. Random effects models or fixed effects models were used for meta-analysis to calculate the standardized mean difference (SMD) and 95% confidence interval according to the heterogeneity among studies. Study quality was assessed using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale for cohort studies, the Joanna Briggs Institution Checklist for cross-sectional studies, and the PEDro scale for experimental studies. Results: A total of 50 studies with 1438 individuals were included. Overall, smoking, a hypercaloric carbohydrate-rich diet, a hypercaloric fat-rich diet, amino acid or protein restriction, excessive fructose intake and alcohol consumption significantly upregulated cFGF21 levels (p<0.05), whereas fish oil intake and calorie restriction with sufficient protein intake significantly decreased cFGF21 (p<0.05). Compared to the preexercise cFGF21 level, the cFGF21 level significantly increased within 3 hours postexercise (p<0.0001), while it significantly decreased in the blood sampled >6 h postexercise (p=0.01). Moreover, higher exercise intensity resulted in higher upregulation of cFGF21 at 1-hour post exercise (p=0.0006). Conclusion: FGF21 could serve as a potential biomarker for the assessment of different lifestyle interventions. When it is used for this purpose, a standard study protocol needs to be established, especially taking into consideration the intervention types and the sampling time post-intervention. Systematic Review Registration: https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/prospero/display_record.php?ID=CRD42021254758, identifier CRD42021254758.


Assuntos
Estilo de Vida , Redução de Peso , Estudos Transversais , Dieta , Fatores de Crescimento de Fibroblastos , Humanos
20.
J Obstet Gynaecol Res ; 48(11): 2879-2887, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36059077

RESUMO

AIM: Objective to investigate the feasibility, safety, and short-term efficacy of laparoscopic radical hysterectomy without uterine lifter combined with self-locking nylon band. METHODS: The clinical data of 152 patients who underwent a laparoscopic radical hysterectomy in the Department of gynecology and oncology of Changzhou maternal and child health hospital from January 2017 to June 2020 were analyzed retrospectively, including 97 patients who used uterine lifter (traditional laparoscopic radical hysterectomy) and 55 patients who underwent operation without uterine lifter but combining with self-locking nylon band (modified laparoscopic radical hysterectomy). The differences in operation time, intraoperative blood loss, the width of excised parauterine tissue, the length of the excised vaginal wall, postoperative pathology and short-term prognosis between the two groups were compared and analyzed. RESULTS: There were no significant differences between the two groups in operation time, intraoperative blood loss, the width of parauterine tissue, and the length of the vaginal wall (p > 0.05). There were no significant differences in the number of lymph nodes, pelvic lymph node metastasis rate and depth of cervical interstitial infiltration between the two groups (p > 0.05), the infiltration rate of lymphatic vascular space in the traditional group was higher than that in the improved group (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: It is feasible and safe for laparoscopic radical hysterectomy without uterine lifter combining with a self-locking nylon band to seal the vaginal wall. The uterine lifter may lead to lymphatic vascular space infiltration of tumor cells.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Feminino , Criança , Humanos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Nylons , Resultado do Tratamento , Histerectomia/métodos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Excisão de Linfonodo/métodos , Estadiamento de Neoplasias
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