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1.
Front Oncol ; 11: 785394, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34722323

RESUMO

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.3389/fonc.2021.650173.].

2.
J Clin Lab Anal ; : e24084, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34724252

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Alveolar echinococcosis (AE) is a zoonotic disease caused by the larval stage of Echinococcus multilocularis parasitizing in the human liver, causing local pathological changes in the liver and manifesting as hyperplasia, liver fibrosis, atrophy, degeneration, and necrosis. Here, we report a method that can simultaneously isolate hepatocytes and hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) from mice infected with Echinococcus multilocularis. METHODS: A mouse model of AE was established. Hepatocytes and HSCs were isolated from mouse liver using a two-step method combining in situ collagenase perfusion and gradient centrifugation. Expressions of Alb, Desmin, and α-SMA were detected with immunofluorescence to identify the isolated hepatocytes and HSCs. RESULTS: The viability and purity of hepatocytes and HSCs both reached 90% or above. For hepatocytes, clear cell boundaries were observed, and the nuclei were round or oval, with clear nucleoli. There was a homogeneous distribution of the hepatocyte marker Alb in the cytoplasm of hepatocytes. Lipid droplets and Desmin expression were observed in the cytoplasm of freshly isolated HSCs. During the activation of HSCs, the lipid droplets gradually decreased and disappeared with a high expression of α-SMA. CONCLUSION: Hepatocytes and HSCs are simultaneously isolated. This may provide a research tool to investigate the interaction between hepatocytes and HSCs and to investigate the mechanism of Echinococcus multilocularis infection-induced liver pathological changes.

3.
Front Psychol ; 12: 663168, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34777081

RESUMO

Anaphora is the main linguistic means to establish discourse coherence, and anaphora resolution is the psychological process to maintain this coherence. Chinese discourse is characterized with providing multiplicity of linguistic clues to readers by employing various referential apparatuses such as pronoun anaphora, zero anaphora, and so on. As a way of avoiding repeated reference to an object that is mentioned beforehand, zero anaphora is frequently employed in discourse. The production and resolution of zero anaphora largely concerns some constraints underlying psychological mechanisms. We particularly focus on zero anaphora resolution in the present study to try to discover some specific aspects of the underlying mechanism, hoping to find out some factors unique to the resolution process. We designed the first two experiments to probe into the psychological reality when participants were presented with sentences containing either pronoun anaphora or zero anaphora or both under discourse condition with topic continuity in Experiment 1a and topic discontinuity in Experiment 1b. We did not find any significant difference in the reaction time between zero anaphora resolution and pronoun anaphora resolution, indicating that zero anaphora possibly works within the processing mechanism on which pronoun anaphora resolution depends. However, we found significantly longer time in reading the first sentence in any of the discourse, showing that the first-mention effect exists in anaphora resolution. We further explored the time course of zero anaphora resolution by measuring the reaction time during the period when participants read sentences that varied according to the location where zero anaphora occurred under two conditions: topic continuity (Experiment 2a) vs. topic discontinuity (Experiment 2b). The strategies of searching for the referential information were found divergent: the exhaustive searching strategy was adopted when the topics within a discourse were kept continuous and the heuristic searching strategy was employed when the topics were discontinuous. The design of Experiment 5 took the factor of voice type and situation consistency into consideration, investigating in what way do those factors influence the resolution of zero anaphora. The voice type, according to the results, plays a significant role for its exclusively close relationship with the first-mention effect.

4.
Int J Hypertens ; 2021: 9672994, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34777859

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the prevalence of hypertension in the population without awareness of hypertension in a rural area, a cross-sectional study was carried out. Methods: Blood pressures were measured in residents over 60 years during the National Basic Public Health Service project carrying on in a rural town of Shandong province. Combined with detail information of the hypertension disease history, the status of prevalence of hypertension was calculated. Basic information and clinical laboratory examinations were analyzed with Student' t or t' or chi-square test for univariate analysis. Multinomial logistic analysis was used in exploring multiple variables. Results: According to the individual history and blood pressure levels, the awareness rate of hypertension in the population over 60 years old was 50.3% (1285/2554, 95% CI: 48.3-52.3%). The prevalence of hypertension was 55.1% (1270/2304, 95% CI: 53.1-57.2%) in the population without awareness of hypertension, in which the proportion of stage 1 hypertension was 58.8% (747/1270), stage 2 hypertension was 28.9% (367/1270), and stage 3 hypertension was 12.3% (156/1270). The prevalence of hypertension in men was 54.4% (611/1124, 95% CI: 51.4-57.3%), which was almost the same as that in women (55.8%, 659/1180, 95% CI: 53.0-58.7%) (X 2 = 0.515, P=0.473). The prevalence of hypertension increased with age (X 2 trend = 11.848, P=0.001). Age, BMI, total cholesterol, triglyceride, and drinking rate were positively correlated with the prevalence of hypertension, that is, the higher the level of these factors, the higher the prevalence of hypertension; on the contrary, LDL and smoking rate might be negatively correlated with the prevalence of hypertension, which means, the higher the prevalence of hypertension, the lower the level of these two indicators. Binary and multinominal logistic results showed that age, BMI, and drinking had stronger effects on the higher blood pressure level. Conclusions: The awareness rate of hypertension among the elderly in a rural area needs to be further improved. In the prevention and control of hypertension, close attention should be paid to the group of elder, high BMI index, high levels of total cholesterol and triglyceride, and drinking habits.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34813270

RESUMO

Ladder-type fused aromatic systems are important core structures of small molecule acceptors for organic solar cells (OSCs). In this study, a new ladder-type donor building block, based on the benzo[1,2-b:4,5-b']dithiophene (BDT) unit where the 3,7 positions of the BDT thiophene rings and the 3' position of the thiophene rings of the vertical BDT were fused to construct a seven-ring core structure named f-DTBDT, was investigated. In the f-DTBDT structure, the fusion of the BDT core and the thiophene rings at the 4,8 positions of BDT constrains all of the aromatic rings in a coplanar structure. The newly designed f-DTBDT was successfully employed as a core donor building block and conjugated with three electron-withdrawing acceptors (2-(3-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-inden-1-ylidene) malononitrile (2HIC), 2-(5,6-difluoro-3-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-inden-1-ylidene)malononitrile (2FIC), and 2-(5,6-dichloro-3-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-inden-1-ylidene)malononitrile (2ClIC)) as acceptor-donor-acceptor (A-D-A)-type acceptor materials for OSCs. Characterization results showed that the three synthesized A-D-A acceptors of DTBDT-IC, DTBDT-4F, and DTBDT-4Cl have high absorption behavior in the vis-NIR region as result of an intramolecular charge transfer interaction engendered by f-DTBDT and the ending group. The absorption regions of the acceptors were complementary with that of polymer PM6. Also, the frontier orbital energy levels of the new acceptors and wide-band-gap PM6 are well matched. Bulk heterojunction OSCs were fabricated using PM6 and the acceptors, and the highest power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 10.15% was obtained when using PM6:DTBDT-4F as the active layer.

7.
Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes ; 14: 4505-4512, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34795495

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the prevalence and control of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in a rural area, a cross-sectional study was carried out. Methods: Blood glucose was determined in residents over 60 years during the National Basic Public Health Service project carrying on in a rural town of Shandong province. Combined with detail information of diabetic history, the prevalence rate of this disease was calculated with a cutoff of more than 7.0 mmol/L of fasting plasma glucose (FPG). Furthermore, according to FPG levels, the control rate of diabetes was evaluated. Basic information and clinical laboratory tests were analyzed with proper methods for univariate analysis. Multivariable logistic analysis was used to explore multiple variables associated with the control effect of T2DM. Results: The prevalence rate of T2DM was 13.5% (95% CI 12.4%~14.7%) without age difference in residents over 60-year old (X 2= 1.078, P = 0.898). And the rate was higher in the female (16.1%, 95% CI 14.4%~17.8%) than that in the male (11.3%, 95% CI 9.7%~12.9%). The control rate of diabetes was 44.5% (95% CI 39.4-49.6%, cutoff <6.1 mmol/L for FPG) and 59.6% (95% CI 54.5-64.6%, cutoff <7.0 mmol/L for FPG), respectively. Most T2DM residents had balance foods, and a high proportion of drugs or insulin were used; however, the proportion of keeping exercise and modifying behaviors was low. Nearly 80% of the diabetic individuals used at least one drug or insulin. However, the more drugs or insulin used, the higher the FPG level was. Conclusion: A relative high level of T2DM prevailed in the rural area under fast economy-transforming. T2DM was controlled poor and measures should be further optimized to achieve ideal effect, especially for the use of anti-diabetic drugs.

8.
Int J Med Sci ; 18(16): 3697-3707, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34790042

RESUMO

Bone is an active tissue, being constantly renewed in healthy individuals with participation of the immune system to a large extent. Any imbalance between the processes of bone formation and bone resorption is linked to various inflammatory bone diseases. The immune system plays an important role in tissue formation and bone resorption. Recently, many studies have demonstrated complex interactions between the immune and skeletal systems. Both of immune cells and cytokines contribute to the regulation of bone homeostasis, and bone cells, including osteoblasts, osteoclasts, osteocytes, also influence the cellular functions of immune cells. These crosstalk mechanisms between the bone and immune system finally emerged, forming a new field of research called osteoimmunology. Therefore, the immune microenvironment is crucial in determining the speed and outcome of bone healing, repair, and regeneration. In this review, we summarise the role of the immune microenvironment in bone regeneration from the aspects of immune cells and immune cytokines. The elucidation of immune mechanisms involved in the process of bone regeneration would provide new therapeutic targets for improving the curative effects of bone injury treatment.

9.
Infect Drug Resist ; 14: 4657-4666, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34764660

RESUMO

Purpose: To study the in vitro and in vivo antibacterial activities of polymyxin B (PB) and other five antimicrobial agents, including imipenem (IMP), meropenem (MEM), tigecycline (TGC), sulbactam (SUL), and rifampicin (RIF), alone or in combination against carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (CRAB). Methods: Microbroth dilution method was used to determine the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of ten strains of CRAB against six antibacterial drugs, and the checkerboard method was used to determine the fractional inhibitory concentration index (FICI). A mouse pneumonia model was established by intranasal instillation of Ab5075 to evaluate the antibacterial activity in vivo. Results: The resistance rate of ten CRAB strains to IMP, MEM, and SUL was 100%, that to PB and TGC was 0%, and that to RIF was 20%. When PB was used in combination with the other five antibiotics in vitro, it mainly showed synergistic and additive effects on CRAB. The synergistic effect of PB and RIF was maximal, followed by MEM and IMP but was weak with SUL and TGC. In vivo, compared to the model group (untreated with antibiotics), treatment group (six antibiotics alone and PB combined with the other five antibiotics) reduced the bacterial load in the lung tissue and the serum inflammatory factors (IL-1ß, IL-6, and TNF-α). The bacterial load and the inflammatory factors of the combined group decreased significantly than that of the single group (P<0.05). The IL-6 and TNF-α values of the PB combined with the RIF group were significantly lower than the two drugs used individually. Conclusion: The combination of PB and IMP, MEM, and RIF exerted robust in vitro synergistic effects on CRAB isolates. The combination of PB and the other five antimicrobial agents had a better effect in the mouse pneumonia model than single agent, while the combination of PB and RIF had the best effect.

10.
BMC Genomics ; 22(1): 786, 2021 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34727889

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Eggshell is a bio-ceramic material comprising columnar calcite (CaCO3) crystals and organic proteinaceous matrix. The size, shape and orientation of the CaCO3 crystals influence the microstructural properties of chicken eggshells. However, the genetic architecture underlying eggshell crystal polymorphism remains to be elucidated. RESULTS: The integral intensity of the nine major diffraction peaks, total integral intensity and degree of orientation of the crystals were measured followed by a genome-wide association study in 839 F2 hens. The results showed that the total integral intensity was positively correlated with the eggshell strength, eggshell thickness, eggshell weight, mammillary layer thickness and effective layer thickness. The SNP-based heritabilities of total integral intensity and degree of orientation were 0.23 and 0.06, respectively. The 621 SNPs located in the range from 55.6 to 69.1 Mb in GGA1 were significantly associated with TA. PLCZ1, ABCC9, ITPR2, KCNJ8, CACNA1C and IAPP, which are involved in the biological process of regulating cytosolic calcium ion concentration, can be suggested as key genes regulating the total integral intensity. CONCLUSIONS: The findings greatly advance the understanding of the genetic basis underlying the crystal ultrastructure of eggshell quality and thus will have practical significance in breeding programs for improving eggshell quality.


Assuntos
Galinhas , Casca de Ovo , Animais , Galinhas/genética , Ovos , Feminino , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
11.
Front Mol Biosci ; 8: 739227, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34746231

RESUMO

Background: Emergence agitation (EA) in adult patients under general anesthesia leads to increased postoperative complications and heavy medical burden. Unfortunately, its pathogenesis has not been clarified until now. The purpose of the present study was to explore the relationship between preoperative serum metabolites and EA. Methods: We used an untargeted metabolic analysis method to investigate the different metabolomes in the serum of EA patients and non-EA patients undergoing elective surgical procedures after the induction of general anesthesia. A Richmond Agitation-Sedation Scale score ≥ +2 was diagnosed as EA during postoperative emergence. Non-EA patients were matched with EA patients according to general characteristics. Preoperative serum samples of the two groups were collected to investigate the association between serum metabolites and EA development. Results: The serum samples of 16 EA patients with 34 matched non-EA patients were obtained for metabolic analysis. After screening and alignment with databases, 31 altered metabolites were detected between the two groups. These metabolites were mainly involved in the metabolism of lipids, purines, and amino acids. Analyses of receiver-operating characteristic curves showed that the preoperative alterations of choline, cytidine, glycerophosphocholine, L-phenylalanine, oleamide, and inosine may be associated with adult EA. Conclusion: Multiple metabolic abnormalities (including those for lipids, purines, and amino acids) and other pathological processes (e.g., neurotransmitter imbalance and oxidative stress) may contribute to EA. Several altered metabolites in serum before surgery may have predictive value for EA diagnosis. This study might afford new metabolic clues for the understanding of EA pathogenesis.

12.
Lab Chip ; 2021 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34761772

RESUMO

Microfluidics has been the most promising platform for drug screening with a limited number of cells. However, convenient on-chip preparation of a wide range of drug concentrations remains a large challenge and has restricted wide acceptance of microfluidics in precision medicine. In this paper, we report a digital microfluidic system with an innovative control structure and chip design for on-chip drug dispensing to generate concentrations that span three to four orders of magnitude, enabling single drug or combinatorial multi-drug screening with simple electronic control. Specifically, we utilize droplet ejection from a drug drop sitting on a special electrode, named a drug dispenser, under high-voltage pulse actuation to deliver the desired amount of drugs to be picked up by a cell suspension drop driven by low-voltage sine wave actuation. Our proof-of-principle validation for this technique as a convenient single and multi-drug screening involved testing of the drug toxicity of two chemotherapeutics, cisplatin (Cis) and epirubicin (EP), towards MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells and MCF-10A normal breast cells. The results are consistent with those screened based on traditional 96-well plates. These findings demonstrate the reliability of the drug screening system with an on-chip drug dispenser. This system with fewer cancer cells, less drug consumption, a small footprint, and high scalability with regard to concentration could pave the way for drug screening on biopsied primary tumor cells for precision medicine or any concentration-related research.

13.
World J Gastroenterol ; 27(35): 5967-5977, 2021 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34629813

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Perivascular epithelioid cell tumor (PEComa) is an uncommon tumor of mesenchymal origin. Cases of PEComa in the liver are extremely rare. AIM: To analyze the clinicopathological features and treatment of hepatic PEComa and to evaluate the prognosis after different treatments. METHODS: Clinical and pathological data of 26 patients with hepatic PEComa were collected. All cases were analyzed by immunohistochemistry and clinical follow-up. RESULTS: This study included 17 females and 9 males, with a median age of 50 years. Lesions were located in the left hepatic lobe in 13 cases, in the right lobe in 11, and in the caudate lobe in 2. The median tumor diameter was 6.5 cm. Light microscopy revealed that the tumor cells were mainly composed of epithelioid cells. The cytoplasm contained heterogeneous eosinophilic granules. There were thick-walled blood vessels, around which tumor cells were radially arranged. Immunohistochemical analysis of pigment-derived and myogenic markers in PEComas revealed that 25 cases were HMB45 (+), 23 were Melan-A (+), and 22 SMA (+). TFE3 and Desmin were negative in all cases. All the fluorescence in situ hybridization samples were negative for TFE3 gene break-apart probe. Tumor tissues were collected by extended hepatic lobe resection or simple hepatic tumor resection as the main treatments. Median follow-up was 62.5 mo. None of the patients had metastasis or recurrence, and there were no deaths due to the disease. CONCLUSION: Hepatic PEComa highly expresses melanin and smooth muscle markers, and generally exhibits an inert biological behavior. The prognosis after extended hepatic lobe resection and simple hepatic tumor resection is semblable.


Assuntos
Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Neoplasias de Células Epitelioides Perivasculares , Gerenciamento Clínico , Feminino , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Fígado , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias de Células Epitelioides Perivasculares/cirurgia , Prognóstico
14.
Front Aging Neurosci ; 13: 741263, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34658843

RESUMO

Postoperative neurocognitive disorders (po-NCD), including postoperative delirium (POD) and delayed neurocognitive recovery (dNCR), are common in geriatric surgical patients. However, the ideal diagnostic biomarkers to predict individual risks of po-NCDs have not been identified. In this study, proteomic analysis was used to detect dysregulated proteins in three cognitive-related brain regions, the hippocampus, prefrontal cortex, and temporal lobe, of aged dNCR rats. The common affected proteins in these three brain regions were further verified by real-time polymerase chain reaction and western blotting. Furthermore, serum samples from aged rats with dNCR and elderly hip fracture patients with POD were also assessed with enzyme linked immunosorbent assays to investigate the biomarker potential of these dysregulated proteins. The increased expression levels of haptoglobin, caseinolytic protease (ClpP), and alpha-2 macroglobulin (A2M) as well as decreased expression levels of 14-3-3ß/α and biliverdin reductase-A (BVR-A) were validated by proteomic analysis in the hippocampus, prefrontal cortex, and temporal lobe of aged dNCR rats. The increased expression of haptoglobin and decreased expression of 14-3-3ß/α were further demonstrated in the three brain regions by western blotting. Moreover, increased levels of S100A6 and BVR-A in the hippocampus, S100A6 in the prefrontal cortex, and A2M in the temporal lobe were also observed. More intriguingly, both decreased serum 14-3-3ß/α and increased A2M in geriatric POD patients as well as decreased serum ClpP in aged dNCR rats were verified. These results not only indicate potential diagnostic biomarkers for po-NCD but also provide directions for further pathological investigations. Clinical Trial Registration: www.ClinicalTrials.gov, identifier [ChiCTR1900027393].

15.
Front Plant Sci ; 12: 745290, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34659315

RESUMO

Durum wheat is one of the important food and cash crops. The main goals in current breeding programs are improving its low yield potential, kernel characteristics, and lack of resistance or tolerance to some biotic and abiotic stresses. In this study, a nascent synthesized hexaploid wheat Lanmai/AT23 is used as the female parent in crosses with its AB genome donor Lanmai. A tetraploid line YL-443 with supernumerary spikelets and high resistance to stripe rust was selected out from the pentaploid F7 progeny. Somatic analysis using multicolor fluorescence in situ hybridization (mc-FISH) revealed that this line is a disomic substitution line with the 4B chromosome pair of Lanmai replaced by the 4D chromosome pair of Aegilops tauschii AT23. Comparing with Lanmai, YL-443 shows an increase in the number of spikelets and florets per spike by 36.3 and 75.9%, respectively. The stripe rust resistance gene Yr28 carried on the 4D chromosome was fully expressed in the tetraploid background. The present 4D(4B) disomic substitution line YL-443 was distinguished from the previously reported 4D(4B) lines with the 4D chromosomes from Chinese Spring (CS). Our study demonstrated that YL-443 can be used as elite germplasm for durum wheat breeding targeting high yield potential and stripe rust resistance. The Yr28-specific PCR marker and the 4D chromosome-specific KASP markers together with its unique features of pubescent leaf sheath and auricles can be utilized for assisting selection in breeding.

16.
Biology (Basel) ; 10(10)2021 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34681113

RESUMO

The black rockfish, Sebastes schlegelii, is a typical viviparous teleost, which belongs to the family Scorpaenidae. Due to its high economic and ecological values, S. schlegelii has been widely cultured in East Asian countries. With the enlargement of cultivation scale, bacterial and viral diseases have become the main threats to the farming industry of S. schlegelii, which have resulted in significant economic losses. In this study, Illumina shotgun sequencing, single-molecule real-time (SMRT) sequencing, 10× genomics and high-throughput chromosome conformation capture (Hi-C) technologies were collectively applied to assemble the genome of S. schlegelii. Then, we identified the antimicrobial peptide genes (AMPs) in the S. schlegelii genome. In total, 214 AMPs were identified in the S. schlegelii genome, which can be divided into 33 classes according to the annotation and cataloging of the Antimicrobial Peptides Database (APD3). Among these AMPs, thrombin-derived C-terminal peptide (TCP) was the dominant type, followed by RegIIIgamma and chemokine. The amino acid sequences of the TCP, cgUbiquitin, RegIIIalpha, RegIIIgamma, chemokine shared 32.55%, 42.63%, 29.87%, 28.09%, and 32.15% similarities among the same type in S. schlegelii. Meanwhile, the expression patterns of these AMPs in nine healthy tissues and at different infection time points in intestine were investigated. The results showed that the numbers and types of AMPs that responded to Edwardsiella tarda infection gradually increased as the infection progressed. In addition, we analyzed the phylogenetic relationships of hepcidins in teleost. The identification of AMPs based on the whole genome could provide a comprehensive database of potential AMPs, and benefit for the understanding of the molecular mechanisms of immune responses to E. tarda infection in S. schlegelii. This would further offer insights into an accurate and effective design and development of AMP for aquaculture therapy in the future.

17.
An Acad Bras Cienc ; 93(suppl 3): e20210373, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34644724

RESUMO

Simazine was one of the most commonly used herbicides and was widely used to control broadleaf weeds in agriculture and forestry. Its widespread use had caused wide public concern for its high ecological toxicity. In order to remove simazine residues, 2 strains capable of effectively degrading simazine were isolated from the soil and named SIMA-N5 and SIMA-N9. SIMA-N5 was identified as Bacillus licheniformis by 16SrRNA sequence analysis, and SIMA-N9 was Bacillus altitudinis. According to the degradation ratio of simazine in a certain period of time, the degradation ability of different strains was evaluated. The degradation efficiency of simazine (5 mg/L) by SIMA-N9 could reach about 98% in 5d, and the strain SIMA-N5 could reach 94% under the same conditions. In addition, the addition of Pennisetum rhizosphere soil during the process of degrading simazine by strain SIMA-N9 could effectively improve the degradation efficiency. The strain SIMA-N9 has been developed as a microbial agent for the bioremediation of simazine contamination in soil. The new microbial agent developed by using SIMA-N9 has achieved satisfactory application effects. Based on the research results already obtained in this study, it was considered that strain SIMA-N9 and its live bacterial agent could play an important role in bioremediation of simazine pollution. This study could not only provide a set of solutions to the simazine pollution, but also provide a reference for the treatment of other pesticide pollution.


Assuntos
Herbicidas , Simazina , Bacillus , Bactérias/genética , Biodegradação Ambiental , Simazina/análise , Microbiologia do Solo
18.
Am J Transl Res ; 13(9): 10469-10476, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34650716

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the development path of key disciplines in Guang'an Hospital based on the construction of West China's compact medical consortium hospitals. METHODS: The urological medical staff and facilities in Guang'an Hospital were selected as the study subjects. The urological medical staff were interviewed, and a detailed investigation and analysis of the current development of urology and the allocation of experts and medical equipment and resources were performed, so as to promote the development of key disciplines in Guang'an Hospital. RESULTS: We aim to focus on the operational targets of the compact medical consortium while remaining committed to the construction of disciplines of urology. Meanwhile, the relationship between patients and health care providers was coordinated in regard to health care services. The mean of compactness of the dimensions involved in the targets of the operational body of patients was 4.71, while that of the improvement of the medical and health environment was 4.88. The allocated proportion of healthcare resources was optimized, and the operational efficiency was improved. If an excellent medical service experience was provided, the obtained data are statistically significant. CONCLUSION: Based on the medical consortium, the assessment model of scientific experimental methods, and with the goal of improving the quality of medical treatment regarding urology, the responsibilities of urologists are further defined. A standardized training plan was conducted, with assessment systems of disciplines and better access systems of urologists are formulated and improved, and therefore the construction of key disciplines is promoted, thereby providing more references for the construction and development of key disciplines of urology.

19.
Small ; : e2103997, 2021 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34713581

RESUMO

Wound care is still worthy of concern, and effective measures such as electrical stimulating therapy (EST) have sparked compellingly for wound repair. Especially, portable and point-of-care EST devices get extremely desired but these are often limited by inevitable external power sources, lack of biological functions, and mechanical properties conforming to skin tissue. Herein, a dress-on-person self-powered nanocomposite bioactive repairer of wound is designed. As such, the cooperation of the film prepared by layer-by-layer self-assembling 2-hydroxypropyltrimethyl ammonium chloride chitosan (HTCC), alginate (ALG), and poly-dopamine/Fe3+ nanoparticles (PFNs), with a self-powered nanogenerator (SN) driven by motion into a nanocomposite repairer (HAP/SN-NR) is conducted. The HAP/SN-NR not only guides cell behavior (proliferation and migration rate ≈61.7%, ≈52.3%), but also facilitates neovascularization (enhanced CD31 expression >4-fold) through its self-powered EST, and the endogenous wound closure with no inflammatory in rats owing to reactive oxygen species (ROS)-clearance of HAP/SN-NR in vitro/vivo through responsively releasing poly-dopamine nanoparticles at wound pH. Enormous efforts illustrate that the repairer is endowed with high self-adhesion to tissue, self-healing, and biodegradation, accelerating wound healing (50% closure ≈5 days). This strategy sheds light on novel multifunctional portable sensor-type dressings and propels the development of intelligent medical devices.

20.
J Immunother Cancer ; 9(9)2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34593618

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Viral-based immunotherapy can overcome resistance to immune checkpoint blockade (ICB) and fill the unmet needs of many patients with cancer. Oncolytic viruses (OVs) are defined as engineered or naturally occurring viruses that selectively replicate in and kill cancer cells. OVs also induce antitumor immunity. The purpose of this study was to compare the antitumor effects of live oncolytic vaccinia viruses versus the inactivated versions and elucidate their underlying immunological mechanisms. METHODS: We engineered a replication-competent, oncolytic vaccinia virus (OV-GM) by inserting a murine GM-CSF gene into the thymidine kinase locus of a mutant vaccinia E3L∆83N, which lacks the Z-DNA-binding domain of vaccinia virulence factor E3. We compared the antitumor effects of intratumoral (IT) delivery of live OV-GM versus heat-inactivated OV-GM (heat-iOV-GM) in a murine B16-F10 melanoma bilateral implantation model. We also generated vvDD, a well-studied oncolytic vaccinia virus, and compared the antitumor effects of live vvDD vs heat-inactivated vvDD (heat-ivvDD) in a murine A20 B-cell lymphoma bilateral tumor implantation model. RESULTS: Heat-iOV-GM infection of dendritic cells (DCs) and tumor cells in vitro induced type I interferon and proinflammatory cytokines and chemokines, whereas live OV-GM did not. IT live OV-GM was less effective in generating systemic antitumor immunity compared with heat-iOV-GM. Similar to heat-iOV-GM, the antitumor effects of live OV-GM also require Batf3-dependent CD103+ dendritic cells. When combined with systemic delivery of ICB, IT heat-iOV-GM was more effective in eradicating tumors, compared with live OV-GM. IT heat-ivvDD was also more effective in treating murine A20 B-cell lymphoma, compared with live vvDD. CONCLUSIONS: Tumor lysis induced by the replication of oncolytic vaccinia virus has a limited effect on the generation of systemic antitumor immunity. The activation of Batf3-dependent CD103+ DCs is critical for antitumor effects induced by both live OV-GM and heat-iOV-GM, with the latter being more potent than live OV-GM in inducing innate and adaptive immunity in both locally injected and distant, non-injected tumors. We propose that evaluations of both innate and adaptive immunity, induced by IT oncolytic viral immunotherapy at injected and non-injected tumors, should be included as potential biomarkers for host responses to viral therapy.

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