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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36735717

RESUMO

Purpose: Acupuncture has been used for almost half a century to treat and prevent cardiovascular (CV) problems. However, most of its effects are poorly understood, and there are few studies based on bibliometric analysis of the general trends in acupuncture therapy in cardiovascular disorders (CVD). Thus, we aimed to show the present state and trends in this sector during the last few years. Methods: Articles were obtained from the Web of Science Core Collection (WOSCC) from its inception to May 30, 2021. The acquired information from the articles was analyzed by The Online Bibliometric Analysis Platform website (https://bibliometric.com), Citespace and VOSviewer in respective form in order to assess and forecast the hottest areas and trends in this field. Results: The final analysis included a total of 384 articles and reviews. Over the years, the number of publications has gradually increased. The United States and University of California Irvine were the country and institution that contributed the most to the field. John C Longhurst was the most productive author; Li P the most cited author. Co-occurrence analysis revealed 5 branches (including acupuncture, blood pressure, electroacupuncture, stimulation, cardiovascular responses) and 12 clusters. Recent keyword bursts included "reflex," "arcuate nucleus," "electroacupuncture," "cardiovascular disease" and "hypertension." Conclusion: Yearly publications continue to increase every decade, indicating a bright future in this scientific field. Acupuncture's function in CVD is a future study priority.

2.
J Plant Physiol ; 282: 153929, 2023 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36724592

RESUMO

Cycloastragenol (CAG) is a tetra-cyclic triterpenoid allelochemical. It has been widely studied in animals but rarely in plants. Here, we reported that a model allelochemical CAG inhibited primary root elongation of Arabidopsis by reducing the sizes of both the meristem and elongation zones. Phospholipase Dδ(PLDδ), hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), and auxin affected this process. After treatment with CAG, the expression of PLDδ and the activity of the Phospholipase D(PLD) enzyme increased in WT. Mutants analysis demonstrated that PLDδ negatively regulated the primary root elongation by CAG treatment. CAG treatment stimulated the accumulation of H2O2 in roots. The production of H2O2 was derived from cell wall peroxidase. Mutants analysis showed that PLDδ positively regulated the production of H2O2 by CAG treatment. CAG also decreased auxin content in the root tip by affecting the expression of auxin synthesis-related genes. PLDδ was involved in the auxin reduction mediated by CAG, but H2O2 did not participate in this process. In conclusion, PLDδ, auxin, and H2O2 mediated the inhibition of primary root growth by CAG in Arabidopsis.

3.
Med Image Anal ; 85: 102740, 2023 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36682155

RESUMO

Three-dimensional (3D) deformable image registration is a fundamental technique in medical image analysis tasks. Although it has been extensively investigated, current deep-learning-based registration models may face the challenges posed by deformations with various degrees of complexity. This paper proposes an adaptive multi-level registration network (AMNet) to retain the continuity of the deformation field and to achieve high-performance registration for 3D brain MR images. First, we design a lightweight registration network with an adaptive growth strategy to learn deformation field from multi-level wavelet sub-bands, which facilitates both global and local optimization and achieves registration with high performance. Second, our AMNet is designed for image-wise registration, which adapts the local importance of a region in accordance with the complexity degrees of its deformation, and thereafter improves the registration efficiency and maintains the continuity of the deformation field. Experimental results from five publicly-available brain MR datasets and a synthetic brain MR dataset show that our method achieves superior performance against state-of-the-art medical image registration approaches.

4.
Ren Fail ; 45(1): 2153697, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36645059

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: National holidays are associated with high mortality in some diseases, but little is known about patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD). The research aimed to investigate the impact of national holidays on the health outcomes of PD patients. METHODS: Over ten years, all episodes of unplanned hospitalization, death, and peritonitis in PD patients were collected in our center. Seven national holidays in China were chosen, and non-holiday days were selected as the control period. The effect of national holidays was observed by comparing the hospitalization, death, and peritonitis rates between holiday and non-holiday groups. RESULTS: There were 297 events in all holiday periods and 1247 in non-holiday periods. There is no significant difference in hospitalization rate between holiday and non-holiday groups (32.4% ± 6.4% vs. 29.2% ± 3.4%, p = 0.175). So is the death rate [6.3% (4.8-12.3%) vs.5.0% (4.2-8.9%), p = 0.324] and peritonitis rate [0.19 (0.13-0.53) vs. 0.22 (0.18-0.27), p = 0.445] between the two groups. Significant differences were observed in the distribution of peritonitis causes between the two groups (p = 0.017). The rate of secondary to other infections in the holiday group was significantly higher than in the non-holiday group (25.0 vs. 10.3%, p = 0.015). CONCLUSION: Our study suggested no national holiday effect on health outcomes of PD patients based on ten-year data in our center.


Assuntos
Diálise Peritoneal , Peritonite , Humanos , Diálise Peritoneal/efeitos adversos , Hospitalização , Peritonite/epidemiologia , Peritonite/etiologia , Fatores de Risco , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde
5.
Epigenetics Chromatin ; 16(1): 2, 2023 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36617567

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sex determination and differentiation are complex and delicate processes. In female chickens, the process of sex differentiation is sensitive and prone to be affected by the administration of aromatase inhibitors, which result in chicken sex reversal and infertility. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying sex differentiation and infertility in chicken sex reversal remain unclear. Therefore, we established a sex-reversed chicken flock by injecting an aromatase inhibitor, fadrozole, and constructed relatively high-resolution profiles of the gene expression and chromatin accessibility of embryonic gonads. RESULTS: We revealed that fadrozole affected the transcriptional activities of several genes, such as DMRT1, SOX9, FOXL2, and CYP19A1, related to sex determination and differentiation, and the expression of a set of gonadal development-related genes, such as FGFR3 and TOX3, by regulating nearby open chromatin regions in sex-reversed chicken embryos. After sexual maturity, the sex-reversed chickens were confirmed to be infertile, and the possible causes of this infertility were further investigated. We found that the structure of the gonads and sperm were greatly deformed, and we identified several promising genes related to spermatogenesis and infertility, such as SPEF2, DNAI1, and TACR3, through RNA-seq. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides clear insights into the exploration of potential molecular basis underlying sex differentiation and infertility in sex-reversed chickens and lays a foundation for further research into the sex development of birds.


Assuntos
Galinhas , Infertilidade , Embrião de Galinha , Animais , Feminino , Masculino , Galinhas/genética , Diferenciação Sexual/genética , Fadrozol/metabolismo , Fadrozol/farmacologia , Sequenciamento de Cromatina por Imunoprecipitação , RNA-Seq , Processos de Determinação Sexual , Sêmen , Gônadas/metabolismo , Inibidores da Aromatase/metabolismo , Cromatina/genética , Cromatina/metabolismo , Infertilidade/genética , Infertilidade/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento
6.
Pharmacol Res ; : 106674, 2023 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36702425

RESUMO

Liver cancer is one of the most common malignancies, with severe morbidity and mortality. While considerable progress has been made in liver cancer treatment, the 5-year overall survival (OS) of patients has not improved significantly. Reasons include the inadequate capability of early screening and diagnosis, a high incidence of recurrence and metastasis, a high degree of tumor heterogeneity, and an immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment. Therefore, the identification and validation of specific and robust liver cancer biomarkers are of major importance for early screening, timely diagnosis, accurate prognosis, and the prevention of tumor progression. In this review, we highlight some of the latest research progress and potential applications of liver cancer biomarkers, describing hotspots and prospective directions in biomarker discovery.

7.
Insights Imaging ; 14(1): 2, 2023 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36600110

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To improve the current imaging understanding of MRI or CT for hepatic epithelioid haemangioendothelioma (HEHE) to aid in its successful preoperative diagnosis. METHODS: The imaging features of 15 patients (median age 38.6, range 20-71; 7 M/8 F) from eight institutions with pathologically confirmed HEHE were retrospectively analysed. Additionally, the CT/MR imaging features of 180 patients in 15 literature publications were collected, analysed and compared with our case series. RESULTS: Fifteen patients underwent CT and MRI (n = 2), CT (n = 9) or MR (n = 8) scans. A total of 92.9% (13/14) of the patients were initially diagnosed with other lesions on imaging. A total of 86.7% (13/15) were multifocal. Nodules (11/15, 73.3%) were predominantly peripheral in distribution (12/15, 80.0%). Some cases were associated with hepatic capsular retraction (13/15, 86.7%), "target signs" (8/15, 53.3%) and "lollipop signs" (5/15, 33.3%). Peripheral enhancement of various shapes in the early phase with a progressive centripetal filling was the most common pattern of enhancement (12/15, 80.0%). Abnormal vascularity was seen in 50.7% (6/15) of the patients. Suspicious tumour thromboses in the inferior vena cava were seen in 3 (20.0%) of the patients. Two of the 15 patients (13.3%) had a history of smoking. CONCLUSIONS: HEHEs have common distinctive features, including multifocal lesions that are predominantly peripheral, "target signs", "lollipop signs", hepatic capsular retraction and peripheral enhancement of various shapes in the early phase with progressive centripetal filling. Additional aggressive imaging features that may be valuable clues to the diagnosis can be identified by CT or MRI.

8.
Lab Chip ; 23(3): 542-552, 2023 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36647749

RESUMO

Rice false smut (RFS) has brought serious food safety problems to the world. Reliable diagnostic tools are needed for the field detection of RFS. Traditional polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is inefficient due to sample transport and preparation, which cannot adapt to the needs of field detection. Herein, we successfully developed a simple, portable microfluidic test platform to rapidly detect RFS. To simplify the operation, we integrated spore purification, nucleic acid release, and amplification into one chip. A micro air pump was used to separate the spores from the impurities and complete the collection of the spores through the airflow. We rapidly lysed spores and released nucleic acids by the benzyl chloride method. The loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) products could be combined with SYBR Green I to observe the results visually. On-chip sample tests showed that the spore collection efficiency was approximately 78%. By providing on-chip detection results, the chip had 100% specificity and a detection limit of 100 copies/reaction. At the same time, the stability (CV < 5%) and quantitative ability (R2 = 0.989) of the chip were also guaranteed. Through the visual detection of large samples, the on-chip detection results were highly concordant with the classical RT-PCR detection results, and the detection timeliness was greatly enhanced. Compared with RT-PCR, the single-sample detection time was shortened by about twenty minutes. The proposed micro-diagnostic tool did not require any large end-point detection instruments and avoided the complicated operation of nucleic acid extraction. As a result, in the future, our microfluidic chip could be used for rapid and real-time monitoring and early warning of rice false smut spores in rice paddies.


Assuntos
Ácidos Nucleicos , Oryza , Ácidos Nucleicos/análise , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Microfluídica , Análise de Sequência com Séries de Oligonucleotídeos
9.
J Mol Model ; 29(2): 60, 2023 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36719603

RESUMO

CONTEXT: The massive emission of carbon dioxide in the world causes global warming and a series of increasingly serious ecological problems. It is urgent to find efficient adsorbent for large-scale CO2 capture. Graphene as a solid adsorbent has exhibited great potential and development prospects in gas adsorption. Doping atoms at defect sites in composite graphene is considered as one of the promising approaches to enhance the gas adsorption ability. Nevertheless, composite graphene doping with different atoms has not been explored to a large extent so far. METHODS: In this work, vacancy graphenes with single C-vacancy (VI-G) and with double C-vacancies (VII-G) are doped with nitrogen atoms and metal atoms M (M = Co, Mo, Mn, Fe) to form composite configurations. The Perdew-Burke-Ernzerho (PBE) functional is used under the generalized gradient approximation (GGA) basis set. A comprehensive study of the adsorption effect and charge transfer characteristics of CO2 molecule on different composite graphene configurations is carried out through DFT calculation. By analyzing the adsorption energy, adsorption distance, energy band structure, and atomic Mulliken population, it is found that the composite graphene doped with metal atoms such as Co-3N-VI, Mo-3N-VI, Mn-3N-VI, Fe-3N-VI, and Mo-4N-VII significantly enhanced the CO2 adsorption. Further analysis of charge density and density of states (DOS) demonstrates that CO2 adsorption on M-3N-VI and M-4N-VII reached the same conclusion. Thus, it is concluded that appropriate metal atoms can enhance the adsorption characteristics.

10.
Sci Total Environ ; 867: 161509, 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36638982

RESUMO

The Tibetan Plateau is the third pole of the world, with an essential role in regulating Northern Hemisphere climate. Previous studies showed that atmospheric aerosols over the Tibetan Plateau are influenced by biomass burning (BB) products from South and Southeast Asia. In fact, open biomass burning (OBB) is also an important form of BB in Southeast Asian countries, causing serious springtime air pollution yearly. However, there are still scientific gaps in the contribution of OBB to surrounding regional aerosols, especially on the Tibetan Plateau. In order to quantify this contribution, we collected samples of fine particulate matter and derived the concentrations of major water soluble ion, water soluble organic carbon (WSOC), and total carbon (TC) and total nitrogen (TN) as well as the dual isotopic compositions of carbon and nitrogen (δ13C and δ15N) during March-June on the southeastern Tibetan Plateau. δ13C and δ15N showed no significant difference (p > 0.05) between the OBB and non-OBB periods. Furthermore, both δ13C and δ15N (-25.7 ± 0.7 ‰ and 8.0 ± 3.6 ‰) values calculated during the whole sampling period were similar to the BB value, indicating that the primary source of TC and TN in aerosols was BB, whether OBB or non-OBB burning periods. TC and TN concentrations during the OBB period (6.5 ± 2.9 µg m-3 and 1.2 ± 0.4 µg m-3, respectively) were significantly higher than during the non-OBB period (4.1 ± 1.7 µg m-3, with p = 0.014, and 0.7 ± 0.3 µg m-3, with p = 0.013, respectively). Active fire data and surface smoke concentrations further indicated that BB emissions from Southeast Asia were higher during the OBB period. This suggests that OBB-related high BB emissions significantly enhanced atmospheric aerosols concentrations on the southeastern Tibetan Plateau.

11.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 406, 2023 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36624131

RESUMO

This study investigated whether the amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (ALFF) and functional connectivity (FC) features could be used as potentially neurological markers to identify chronic insomnia (CI) using resting-state functional MRI and machine learning method logistic regression (LR). This study included 49 CI patients and 47 healthy controls (HC). Voxel-wise features, including the amplitude of low-frequency fluctuations (ALFF) and functional connectivity (FC), were extracted from resting-state functional magnetic resonance brain images. Then, we divided the data into two independent cohorts for training (44 CI patients and 42 HC patients), and independent validation (5 CI patients and 5 HC patients) by using logistic regression. The model was evaluated using 20 rounds of fivefold cross­validation for training. In particular, a two-sample t-test (GRF corrected, p-voxel < 0.001, p-cluster < 0.05) was used for feature selection during the model training. Finally, single­shot testing of the final model was performed on the independent validation cohort. A correlation analysis (Bonferroni correction, p < 0.05/4) was also conducted to determine whether the features contributing to the prediction were correlated with clinical characteristics, including the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI), self-rating anxiety scale (SAS), and self-rating depression scale (SDS). Results showed that resting-state features had a discrimination accuracy of 86.40%, with a sensitivity of 93.00% and specificity of 79.80%. The area under the curve (AUC) was 0.89 (all [Formula: see text]< 0.001). The ALFF and FC features showed significant differences between the CI patients and HC. The regions contributing to the prediction mainly included the anterior cingulate, prefrontal cortex, orbital part of the frontal lobe, angular gyrus, cingulate gyrus, praecuneus, parietal lobe, temporal gyrus, superior temporal gyrus, and middle temporal gyrus. Furthermore, some specific functional connectivity among related regions was positively correlated with the ISI, and also negatively related to the SDS in correlation analysis. Our current study suggested that ALFF and FC in the regions contributing to diagnostic identification might serve as potential neuromarkers for CI.


Assuntos
Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Encéfalo/patologia , Mapeamento Encefálico/métodos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos
12.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 44(1): 30-37, 2023 Jan 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36635792

RESUMO

In order to explore the pollution characteristics and health risks of heavy metals in PM2.5 in Tianjin, heavy metal samples (Pb, Cd, Cr, As, Zn, Mn, Co, Ni, Cu, and V) in PM2.5 were analyzed from November 2020 to March 2021 using the Xact-625 heavy metal online analyzer. The spatial and temporal distribution characteristics were analyzed using the HYSPLIT model, and the health risks of heavy metals were analyzed using the US EPA risk assessment model. The results indicated that the average total concentration of the 10 heavy metal elements was (261.56±241.74) ng·m-3, among which the concentrations of Cr ï¼»converted Cr(Ⅵ)ï¼½ and As were higher than the annual average limit of the National Ambient Air Quality Standard (GB 3095-2012). According to the back trajectory results, the medium-distance transmissions from northwest areas (NO.1), the long-distance transmissions from northwest areas (NO.2), the transmissions from southwest areas (NO.3), and the transmissions from northeast areas (NO.4) were the major sources in Tianjin City. The heavy metals of different air masses presented different pollution characteristics and health risks; the concentration of PM2.5, the total concentration of the 10 heavy metal elements, and the total carcinogenic risk of the five heavy metal elements of the NO.3 air mass were the highest, whereas the total non-carcinogenic risk of the 10 heavy metal elements of the NO.2 air mass was higher than that of the other two air mass. The health risk assessment showed that Mn posed non-carcinogenic risks to children, and Cr and As presented carcinogenic risk. Meanwhile, Cd of the NO.3 air masses also presented carcinogenic risk.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados , Material Particulado , Criança , Humanos , Material Particulado/análise , Estações do Ano , Calefação , Cádmio , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Metais Pesados/análise , Medição de Risco , Carcinógenos , China
13.
Lab Chip ; 23(2): 400, 2023 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36519965

RESUMO

Correction for 'Detection of airborne pathogens with single photon counting and a real-time spectrometer on microfluidics' by Ning Yang et al., Lab Chip, 2022, https://doi.org/10.1039/D2LC00934J.

14.
J Med Virol ; 95(1): e28396, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36504005

RESUMO

Multiple treatment modalities for Kaposi sarcoma (KS) have been reported, including chemotherapy, radiation therapy, surgical excision, electrochemotherapy, and cryotherapy. Common topical treatments include timolol, imiquimod, and alitretinoin. We searched our institutional database for patients with ICD-9 or 10 codes for KS seen by a dermatologist with experience in KS management from July 1, 2004 to January 1, 2022. We screened patient charts to include patients who received combination therapy of cryotherapy followed by topical imiquimod three times a week for 2 months (n = 9). Patients were followed in the clinic every 3 months. Time to resolution was assessed by photographic evidence of resolution as determined by a dermatologist and corroborated with clinical documentation in patient charts. Median age (IQR) at KS diagnosis was 58 (27.5) years. All patients were male (n = 9, 100%). Majority were white (n = 7, 78%) and non-Hispanic (n = 8, 89%). Five (56%) had classic KS, one (11%) had HIV-associated KS, and three (33%) were HIV-negative men who have sex with men. Median time to resolution was 30.5 weeks, with a median of two treatments. In our study, 93% (n = 42/45) of lesions and 89% (n = 8/9) of patients experienced complete resolution during a median (range) duration of follow-up of 58 (13-209) weeks. Side effects were limited to pain during cryotherapy, occasional blister formation after cryotherapy, and mild inflammation due to imiquimod. No infections were observed. Combination therapy of cryotherapy and topical imiquimod may be an efficacious and comparatively low-risk treatment for limited, cutaneous KS.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , Sarcoma de Kaposi , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Neoplasias Cutâneas , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Feminino , Imiquimode/uso terapêutico , Sarcoma de Kaposi/tratamento farmacológico , Homossexualidade Masculina , Crioterapia , Imunoterapia , Infecções por HIV/terapia
15.
Mitochondrial DNA B Resour ; 7(11): 2018-2020, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36451969

RESUMO

In this study, the complete mitochondrial genome of Niwaella nigrolinea (Cypriniformes: Cobitidae) from Zhejiang, China, was determined for the first time. We found that the sequenced length of the complete mitochondrial genome of N. nigrolinea was 16,565 bp. The genome contained 13 protein-coding genes, 22 transfer RNAs, two ribosomal RNAs, and two non-coding regions, identical to most other vertebrates. Our phylogenetic analysis results confirmed that N. nigrolinea was close to an unclassified Cobitis sp. and the fishes of the genus Cobitis. These data would contribute to the genetic conservation genetics and stock evaluation of N. nigrolinea.

16.
Biomater Sci ; 2022 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36468623

RESUMO

Until now, treatment of refractory tumors and uncontrolled metastasis by cancer immunotherapy has not yet achieved satisfactory therapeutic results due to the insufficient in vivo immune response. Here, we proposed the construction of a therapeutic cancer nanovaccine Fe@OVA-IR820 with ferroptosis-inducing and photothermal properties for boosting cancer immunotherapy. Fe3+ ions were chelated inside the exogenous antigen ovalbumin (OVA) by biomineralization to form the nanovaccine, to which the photosensitizer IR820 was loaded by electrostatic incorporation. After intratumoral injection, in situ immunogenic cell death (ICD) was triggered as a result of Fe3+-dependent ferroptosis. Endogenous neoantigens and damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs) were released because of ICD and worked synergically with the exogenous OVA to provoke the immune response, which was further amplified by the photothermal effect after near-infrared irradiation. The enhanced recruitment and infiltration of T cells were observed and resulted in the suppression of the primary tumor. The therapeutic regiment that combined Fe@OVA-IR820 nanovaccine with cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated protein 4 (CTLA-4) checkpoint blockade significantly boosted anti-cancer immunity and inhibited the growth of distal simulated metastases. Therefore, we proposed Fe@OVA-IR820 nanovaccine combined checkpoint blockade as a potential therapeutic strategy for melanoma treatment.

17.
Sensors (Basel) ; 22(23)2022 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36501884

RESUMO

The demands for model accuracy and computing efficiency in fault warning scenarios are increasing as high-speed railway train technology continues to advance. The black box model is difficult to interpret, making it impossible for this technology to be widely adopted in the railway industry, which has strict safety regulations. This paper proposes a fault early warning machine learning model based on feature contribution and causal inference. First, the contributions of the features are calculated through the Shapley additive explanations model. Then, causal relationships are discovered through causal inference models. Finally, data from causal and high-contribution time series are applied to the model. Ablation tests are conducted with the Naïve Bayes, Gradient Boosting Decision Tree, eXtreme Gradient Boosting, and other models in order to confirm the efficiency of the method based on early warning data regarding the on-site high-speed train traction equipment circuit board failure. The findings indicate that the strategy improves the evaluation markers, including the early warning accuracy, precision, recall, and F1 score, by an average of more than 10%. There is a 35% improvement in the computing efficiency, and the model can provide feature causal graph verification for expert product decision-making.


Assuntos
Indústrias , Aprendizado de Máquina , Teorema de Bayes , Falha de Equipamento , Registros
18.
Animals (Basel) ; 12(24)2022 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36552503

RESUMO

Hematological and plasma biochemical examination are crucial in the veterinary care of sugar gliders, which are increasingly popular in Taiwan and the United States. However, published research of the species' reference interval and related influencing factors were rare. The objectives of this study were to establish the hematological and plasma biochemical reference values for captive sugar gliders in Taiwan and to evaluate the influence of factors including age, gender, neuter status, location, season, diet, caging arrangement, and other pets in the household. A total of 42 clinically healthy pet sugar gliders were recruited. Morphometrical measurements and physiological data were collected, and hematological and plasma biochemical examinations were performed. The reference value of each index was calculated using Reference Value Advisor (RVA) software, following the American Society for Veterinary Clinical Pathology (ASVCP) guidelines. Normality of data distribution was tested, and data transformation was conducted. The parametric method and robust method were used to determine reference limits. Univariate analysis was performed, and multiple regression models were built for each hematological and plasma biochemical parameter. Red blood cell, hematocrit, and hemoglobin levels were higher in males, compared to females, while they were lower in the neutered group, compared to the intact group. Relative neutrophil counts were higher in elder sugar gliders, while relative lymphocyte counts were lower. Aspartate transaminase levels were higher in elder sugar gliders, while albumin levels were lower. Blood urea nitrogen levels were highest in spring. The blood profile and related effects presented in this study can provide useful information for veterinary care in pet sugar gliders.

19.
Foods ; 11(24)2022 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36553801

RESUMO

An electronic nose (E-Nose) and gas chromatography-ion mobility spectrometry (GC-IMS) were used to analyze the volatile flavor compounds (VFCs) of the enzymatic hydrolysate of Lanmaoa asiatica and its Maillard reaction products (MRPs). E-Nose sensors have strong response signals to sulfide, nitrogen oxides, alcohols, and aldehyde ketone, and the aroma profile was increased after the Maillard reaction (MR). According to GC-IMS, A total of 84 known compounds were identified. Aldehydes, ketones and alcohols are the main VFCs. After MR, the concentrations of some alcohols decreased, and the concentration of pyrazines and ketones increased. Principal component analysis (PCA) and similarity analysis showed that the enzymatic hydrolysate and MRPs were different and could be effectively distinguished. In conclusion, this study clarified the changes in VFCs before and after the MR. The results can provide a theoretical basis for the quality control and flavor changes during the processing of Lanmaoa asiatica and provide a new method for flavor analysis of edible mushrooms and their products.

20.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 9: 1024942, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36482916

RESUMO

Background: Visfatin is considered to be a "novel pro-inflammatory cytokine." Neuroinflammatory response is one of the important mechanisms of postoperative delirium (POD). The relationship between preoperative plasma visfatin and POD is unclear. Objective: To investigate the relationship between preoperative plasma visfatin concentrations and POD (primary outcome) in older hip fracture patients and to explore whether it affects POD through inflammatory factors. Materials and methods: This prospective cohort study enrolled 176 elderly patients who were scheduled for hip fracture surgery. Preoperative plasma was collected on the morning of surgery, and visfatin levels were measured. Interleukin (IL)-1 and IL-6 were measured using patients' plasma collected on the first day after surgery. We used the 3-min diagnostic interview for Confusion Assessment Method-defined delirium (3D-CAM) twice daily within the 2 days after surgery to assess whether POD had occurred. Restricted cubic splines and piecewise regression were used to explore the relationship between preoperative plasma visfatin concentrations and POD, and further mediation analysis was used to verify whether visfatin plays a role in POD through regulating inflammatory factors. Results: The incidence of POD was 18.2%. A J-shaped association was observed between preoperative plasma visfatin levels and POD. The risk of POD decreased within the lower visfatin concentration range up to 37.87 ng/ml, with a hazard ratio of 0.59 per 5 ng/ml [odds ratio (OR) = 0.59, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.37-0.95], but the risk increased above this concentration (P for non-linearity < 0.001, with a hazard ratio of 1.116 per 10 ng/ml; OR = 1.10, 95% CI = 1.02-1.23). Mediation effect analysis showed that when the plasma visfatin concentration was higher than 37.87 ng/ml, the effect of visfatin on POD was mediated by IL-6 (p < 0.01). A significant indirect association with postoperative plasma IL-6 was observed between preoperative plasma visfatin and POD (adjusted ß = 0.1%; 95% CI = 4.8∼38.9%; p < 0.01). Conclusion: Visfatin is the protective factor in POD when the preoperative plasma visfatin concentration is below 37.87 ng/ml, but when it exceeds 37.87 ng/ml, the visfatin concentration is a risk factor for POD, which is mediated by postoperative plasma IL-6. The results suggest that preoperative visfatin may have a dual effect on the POD occurrence. Clinical trial registration: [www.ClinicalTrials.gov], identifier [ChiCTR21 00052674].

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