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1.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2022: 1817721, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35535357

RESUMO

Astrocyte plays important roles in the pathogenesis of ischemic stroke and reperfusion injury. They intensively participate in the energy metabolism of the brain, while their heterogeneity and function after ischemic stroke remain controversial. By employing single-cell sequencing of mice cortex at 12 h after transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO) and comparing with the similar published datasets of 24h after tMCAO, we uncover the cellular phenotypes and dynamic change of astrocytes at the acute phase of ischemic stroke. In this study, we separately identified 3 major subtypes of astrocytes at the 12 h-tMCAO-system and 24 h-tMCAO-system, indicated the significant differences in the expression of genes and metabolic pathways in the astrocytes between the two time nodes after ischemic stroke, and detected the major change in the energy metabolism. These results provided a comprehensive understanding of the characteristic changes of astrocytes after ischemic stroke and explored the potential astrocytic targets for neuroprotection.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , AVC Isquêmico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Animais , Astrócitos/metabolismo , Isquemia Encefálica/patologia , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/metabolismo , AVC Isquêmico/genética , Redes e Vias Metabólicas , Camundongos , RNA/metabolismo , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/patologia
2.
Front Oncol ; 12: 881896, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35530336

RESUMO

Penile metastasis of prostate cancer is rare, with a poor prognosis, and only a limited number of relevant cases have been reported so far. With the application of 18F-PSMA-1007 PET/CT, the biochemical recurrence of prostate cancer can be detected at an early stage for providing important evidence, facilitating clinical decision-making. Here, we have reported a case of solitary penile metastatic recurrence in the context of mild PSA progression (PSA: 0.072 ng/ml). This case highlights the preferable sensitivity of 18F-PSMA-1007 PET/CT imaging in prostate cancer.

3.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 294: 115367, 2022 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35562090

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Post stroke depression (PSD), which happens in 40%-60% stroke patients, is one of the most common complications after cerebrovascular accident. Shugan Jieyu Capsule (SGJYC), a traditional Chinese medicine, has been widely prescribed for PSD in China. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study designed and conducted a PRISMA compliant meta-analysis to evaluate the efficacy of SGJYC in treating adults with PSD of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) under the condition that none PRISMA-compliant systematic evaluation or meta-analysis was conducted to fully evaluate the efficacy of SGJYC. METHODS: The study protocol has been registered in PROSPERO with registration number CRD42021250162. PubMed, ScienceDirect, CNKI, and Wanfang Databases were systematically searched to include eligible RCTs which used SGJYC and other antidepressants or placebo for the treatment of PSD adults with the Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD). The Cochrane Risk of Bias 2 (RoB2) tool was used to evaluate the quality of included RCTs. Outcome measures including HAMD continuous data, efficacy data, and remission data were extracted for meta-analysis on a random-effects model. Adequate essential analyses including subgroup analysis, sensitivity analysis, and meta-regression analysis were performed according to the characteristics of RCTs to test the reliability and robustness of the overall effect sizes. Publication bias was detected with funnel plot, Egger's test, and Begg's test. The evidence strength of this meta-analysis was assessed with the GRADE method. RESULTS: A total of 63 eligible RCTs and 6036 participants were included. The RoB2 found that the overall risk of included RCTs was high. The MD of continuous data was 3.59 (95% CI: [2.63, 4.55]) with statistical significance (P < 0.00001) and significant heterogeneity (Chi2 = 2083.77, I2 = 97%, p < 0.00001). The OR of efficacy data was 2.12 (95% CI: [1.82, 2.47]) with statistical significance (P < 0.00001) and insignificant heterogeneity (Chi2 = 60.52, I2 = 22%, P = 0.09). The OR of remission data was 1.66 (95% CI: [1.45, 1.91]) with statistical significance (P < 0.00001) and insignificant heterogeneity (Chi2 = 26.45, I2 = 0%, P = 0.96). Adequate essential analyses found consistent results of overall effect sizes and most publication bias analyses found insignificant results. The overall evidence strength was assessed as moderate. CONCLUSION: The moderate evidence strength from this PRISMA-compliant meta-analysis found that SGJYC has notable efficacy in treating adults with PSD, although the quality of included RCT was low. The high-quality RCTs with large-sample, multi-centers, and long follow-up periods are still warranted to improve the evidence quality of SGJYC for PSD in further study.

4.
Nanoscale ; 2022 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35579051

RESUMO

Moiré superlattices formed by the stacking of two-dimensional (2D) transition metal dichalcogenide lattices on substrate lattices have been reported to imply a crucial effect on the electronic properties of 2D materials (e.g., band gap, doping level) and their physical properties. Herein, we report the direct observation of various striped moiré superstructures for monolayer WSe2 on the Au(100) facet, due to the lattice symmetry difference and relative rotation. The periodicities or the inter-stripe distances for striped superstructures fall in a range of 0-15 nm or 0-3 nm after relatively low or high temperature annealing processes, respectively. The diverse striped moiré superstructures then served as perfect platforms for examining the electronic band gap tunability for monolayer WSe2/Au(100) by using scanning tunneling microscopy/spectroscopy (STM/STS), which increases from ∼1.59 eV to ∼1.90 eV with increasing moiré periods from ∼1.62 to ∼11.58 nm. The coupling strength of monolayer WSe2/Au(100) with various striped patterns is thus proposed to be modulated by the different relative orientations. This work should hereby provide some fundamental references for the domain orientation control, interface coupling strength, and application explorations of two-dimensional layered materials in future electronics and optoelectronics.

5.
Phys Med Biol ; 2022 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35487206

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The quantitative and routine imaging capabilities of cone-beam CT (CBCT) are hindered from clinical applications due to the severe shading artifacts of scatter contamination. The scatter correction methods proposed in the literature only consider the anatomy of the scanned objects while disregarding the impact of incident x-ray energy spectra. The multiple-spectral model is in urgent need for CBCT scatter estimation. APPROACH: In this work, we incorporate the multiple spectral diagnostic multidetector CT (MDCT) labels into the pixel-to-pixel (Pix2pix) GAN to estimate accurate scatter distributions from CBCT projections acquired at various imaging volume sizes and x-ray energy spectra. The Pix2pix GAN combines the residual network as the generator and the PatchGAN as the discriminator to construct the correspondence between the scatter-contaminated projection and scatter distribution. The network architectures and loss function of Pix2pix GAN are optimized to achieve the best performance on projection-to-scatter transition. RESULTS: The CBCT data of a head phantom and abdominal patients are applied to test the performance of the proposed method. The error of the corrected CBCT image using the proposed method is reduced from over 200 HU to be around 20 HU in both phantom and patient studies. The mean structural similarity index (SSIM) of the CT image is improved from 0.2 to around 0.9 after scatter correction using the proposed method compared with the MC-simulation method, which indicates a high similarity of the anatomy in the images before and after the proposed correction. The proposed method achieves higher accuracy of scatter estimation than using the Pix2pix GAN with the U-net generator. SIGNIFICANCE: The proposed scheme is an effective solution to the multiple spectral CBCT scatter correction. The scatter-correction software using the proposed model will be available at: https://github.com/YangkangJiang/Cone-beam-CT-scatter-correction-tool.

6.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 17(1): 227, 2022 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35410239

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Lower limb alignment is crucial in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Previous studies have shown that robotics and personalized three-dimensional (3D) preoperative planning could improve postoperative alignment accuracy compared with conventional TKA, but comparison between the above two techniques has never been reported. The authors hypothesized that robotics may be superior to personalized 3D preoperative planning in terms of postoperative alignment in primary TKA, with similar patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) but higher cost and longer operative time. METHODS: A consecutive series of patients who received TKA in our center from September 2020 to January 2021 were enrolled retrospectively. After 1:2 matching, 52 and 104 patients were included and divided into study group for robotics and control group for personalized 3D preoperative planning, respectively. Multiple postoperative alignment angles were measured, and clinical features such as operation and tourniquet time, length of hospital stay and hemoglobin (Hb) were recorded. Knee Society Score (KSS) and Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) were used to evaluate clinical results. RESULTS: Compared with control group, robotics group had significantly lower frontal femoral component angle (FFC) and frontal tibial component angle (FTC) absolute deviation (P < 0.05). It also had less outliers in hip-knee-ankle angle (HKA), FTC, lateral femoral component angle (LFC) and lateral tibial component angle (LTC) (P < 0.05). Hb loss of robotics group was significantly lower than control group (P < 0.001), while the operation and tourniquet time were longer (P < 0.001). There was no significant difference in KSS and WOMAC scores between two groups. CONCLUSION: Compared with control group, patients in robotics group had significantly less malalignment, malposition, Hb loss, but similar PROMs. The operations in robotics group spent longer operation time and cost more compared with control group. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, ChiCTR2000036235. Registered 22 August 2020, http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=59300 . LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: III.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Prótese do Joelho , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Osteoartrite do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Retrospectivos
7.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 12(7)2022 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35407318

RESUMO

Methods and materials that effectively remove heavy metals, such as lead and copper, from wastewater are urgently needed. In this study, steel slag, a low-cost byproduct of steel manufacturing, was utilized as a substrate material for carbon nanotube (CNT) growth by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) to produce a new kind of efficient and low-cost absorbent without any pretreatment. The synthesis parameters of the developed CNT-steel slag composite (SS@CNTs) were optimized, and its adsorption capacities for Pb(II) and Cu(II) were evaluated. The results showed that the optimal growth time, synthesis temperature and acetylene flow rate were 45 min, 600 °C and 200 sccm (standard cubic centimeter per minute), respectively. The SS@CNTs composite had a high adsorption capacity with a maximum removal amount of 427.26 mg·g-1 for Pb(II) and 132.79 mg·g-1 for Cu(II). The adsorption proceeded rapidly during the first 15 min of adsorption and reached equilibrium at approximately 90 min. The adsorption processes were in accordance with the isotherms of the Langmuir model and the pseudo-second-order model, while the adsorption thermodynamics results indicated that the removal for both metals was an endothermic and spontaneous process. This study showed that compared with other adsorbent materials, the SS@CNTs composite is an efficient and low-cost adsorbent for heavy metals such as lead and copper.

8.
Front Mol Neurosci ; 15: 842865, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35359572

RESUMO

Background and Purpose: Phenotypic modulation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) plays an important role in the development of intracranial aneurysms (IAs). Growing evidence has demonstrated that circular RNAs (circRNAs) may serve as a potential modulator of VSMC phenotype in various vascular diseases. This study aimed to assess the potential function of circRNAs in the rupture of IAs and VSMC phenotypic modulation. Methods: Using surgically dissected human ruptured (n = 8) and unruptured (n = 8) IA lesions, differentially expressed circRNAs were screened by transcriptomic sequencing and verified using qRT-PCR. Based on the screened circRNA, we predicted and screened the combined miRNA and downstream mRNAs to construct circRNA-miRNA-mRNA networks. Further in vitro experiments were performed to investigate the relationship between the validated circRNA and the phenotypic switching of VSMCs. Results: We found 1,373 differentially expressed genes in ruptured versus unruptured aneurysms. The top five dysregulated circRNAs were selected for qRT-PCR validation. We found hsa_circ_0031608 was both highly expressed in ruptured IAs and pro-inflammatory transformation of VSMCs. Then, a regulatory circRNA-miRNA-mRNA with one circRNA node, six miRNA nodes, and 84 mRNA nodes was constructed. GO analysis and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis were performed on mRNAs in the network. Then, a PPI network was built based on these mRNAs and five hub genes were identified (FOXO3, DICER1, CCND2, IGF1R, and TNRC6B) by the cytoHubba plugin in Cytoscape software. In vitro, overexpression of hsa_circ_0031608 influenced the expression of VSMC phenotypic markers validated by qPCR and Western blotting. Furthermore, hsa_circ_0031608 promoted the migration and proliferation capacity of VSMCs. Conclusion: hsa_circ_0031608 regulated the phenotypic modulation of VSMCs and played an important role in the rupture of IAs. The specific mechanism should be further studied and confirmed.

9.
BMJ Open ; 12(3): e053765, 2022 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35232782

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine the predictors of 90-day mortality despite successful reperfusion. DESIGN: Subgroup analysis of a multicentre randomised clinical trial (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03469206). SETTING: This study used data from the Direct Intra-arterial thrombectomy in order to Revascularize AIS patients with large vessel occlusion Efficiently in Chinese Tertiary hospitals: a Multicenter randomized clinical Trial (DIRECT-MT). PARTICIPANTS: 622 patients enrolled in DIRECT-MT. RESULTS: Overall successful reperfusion rate was 82.0% (510/622), and 18.5% (115/622) of patients died within 90 days. Univariate analysis identified increased risks of mortality for age ≥70 years, history of diabetes mellitus, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score on admission ≥17, NIHSS score after thrombectomy (24±6 hours) ≥11, Alberta Stroke Program Early Computed Tomography Score (ASPECTS) <9, glucose level at hospital arrival ≥130 mg/dL, location of internal carotid artery occlusion, embolisation into a new territory, symptomatic intracranial haemorrhage (ICH) and a decreased risk of mortality for smoking. In multivariable analysis, smoking (OR 0.38; 95% CI 0.17 to 0.83; p=0.015), NIHSS score on admission ≥17 (OR 3.14; 95% CI 1.77 to 5.55; p<0.001), glucose level at hospital arrival ≥130 mg/dL (OR 2.54; 95% CI 1.51 to 4.27; p<0.001), symptomatic ICH (OR 11.70; 95% CI 4.74 to 28.89; p<0.001) and NIHSS score after thrombectomy (24±6 hours) ≥11 (OR 12.04; 95% CI 5.09 to 28.46; p<0.001) were significant independent predictors of 90-day mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Symptomatic ICH and high post-thrombectomy NIHSS score are strong predictor of 90-day mortality in acute ischaemic stroke treated with mechanical thrombectomy despite successful reperfusion, as well as high NIHSS score and high glucose level at hospital arrival. However, further studies need to be performed to confirm the association between smoking and mortality.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , Procedimentos Endovasculares , AVC Isquêmico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Idoso , Isquemia Encefálica/diagnóstico por imagem , Isquemia Encefálica/cirurgia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Glucose , Humanos , Hemorragias Intracranianas , Reperfusão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Trombectomia/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35324445

RESUMO

Due to the high robustness to artifacts, steady-state visual evoked potential (SSVEP) has been widely applied to construct high-speed brain-computer interfaces (BCIs). Thus far, many spatial filtering methods have been proposed to enhance the target identification performance for SSVEP-based BCIs, and task-related component analysis (TRCA) is among the most effective ones. In this paper, we further extend TRCA and propose a new method called Latency Aligning TRCA (LA-TRCA), which aligns visual latencies on channels to obtain accurate phase information from task-related signals. Based on the SSVEP wave propagation theory, SSVEP spreads from posterior occipital areas over the cortex with a fixed phase velocity. Via estimation of the phase velocity using phase shifts of channels, the visual latencies on different channels can be determined for inter-channel alignment. TRCA is then applied to aligned data epochs for target recognition. For the validation purpose, the classification performance comparison between the proposed LA-TRCA and TRCA-based expansions were performed on two different SSVEP datasets. The experimental results illustrated that the proposed LA-TRCA method outperformed the other TRCA-based expansions, which thus demonstrated the effectiveness of the proposed approach for enhancing the SSVEP detection performance.


Assuntos
Interfaces Cérebro-Computador , Algoritmos , Eletroencefalografia , Potenciais Evocados Visuais , Humanos , Exame Neurológico , Estimulação Luminosa
11.
Arthroplasty ; 4(1): 7, 2022 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35236506

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to compare the short-term clinical results of slight femoral under-correction with neutral alignment in patients with preoperative varus knees who underwent total knee arthroplasty. METHODS: The medical records and imaging data were retrospectively collected from patients who had undergone total knee arthroplasty in our hospital from January 2016 to June 2019. All patients had varus knees preoperatively. Upon 1:1 propensity score matching, 256 patients (256 knees) were chosen and divided into a neutral alignment group (n=128) and an under-correction group (n=128). The patients in the neutral group were treated with the neutral alignment. In the under-correction group, the femoral mechanical axis had a 2° under-correction. The operative time, tourniquet time and the length of hospital stay in the two groups were recorded. The postoperative hip-knee-ankle angle, frontal femoral component angle and frontal tibial component angle were measured. Patient-reported outcome measures were also compared. RESULTS: The operative time, tourniquet time and the length of hospital stay in the under-correction group were significantly shorter than the neutral alignment group (P<0.05). At the 2-year follow-up, the under-correction group had a larger varus alignment (P<0.05) and a larger frontal femoral component angle (P<0.05), and the frontal tibial component angles of the two groups were comparable. Compared with the neutral alignment group, the slight femoral under-correction group had significantly better patient-reported outcome measures scores (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: For varus knees treated with total knee arthroplasty, alignment with a slight femoral under-correction has advantages over the neutral alignment in terms of the shorter operative time and better short-term clinical results. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: III.

12.
Oncoimmunology ; 11(1): 2057892, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35355680

RESUMO

Carbon ion radiotherapy (CIRT) is an emerging type of radiotherapy for the treatment of solid tumors. In recent years, evidence accumulated that CIRT improves the therapeutic outcome in patients with otherwise poor response to immune checkpoint blockade. Here, we aimed at identifying the underlying mechanisms of CIRT-induced tumor immunogenicity and treatment efficacy. We used human U2OS osteosarcoma cells for the in vitro assessment of immunogenic cell death and established several in vivo models of melanoma in mice. We treated the animals with conventional radiation, CIRT, PD-1-targeting immune checkpoint blockade or a sequential combinations of radiotherapy with checkpoint blockade. We utilized flow cytometry, polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) and immunoblot analysis, immunofluorescence, immunohistochemistry, as well as enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) to assess biomarkers of immunogenic cell death in vitro. Treatment efficacy was studied by tumor growth assessment and the tumor immune infiltrate was analyzed by flow cytometry and immunohistochemistry. Compared with conventional radioimmunotherapy, the combination of CIRT with anti-PD-1 more efficiently triggered traits of immunogenic cell death including the exposure of calreticulin, the release of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), the exodus of high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) as well as the induction of type-1 interferon responses. In addition, CIRT plus anti-PD-1 led to an increased infiltration of CD4+, and CD8+ lymphocytes into the tumor bed, significantly decreased tumor growth and prolonged survival of melanoma bearing mice. We herein provide evidence that CIRT-triggered immunogenic cell death, enhanced tumor immunogenicity and improved the efficacy of subsequent anti-PD-1 immunotherapy.


Assuntos
Radioterapia com Íons Pesados , Melanoma , Animais , Humanos , Morte Celular Imunogênica , Imunoterapia/métodos , Melanoma/tratamento farmacológico , Melanoma/radioterapia , Camundongos , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
J Neurointerv Surg ; 2022 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35232755

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Most trials comparing endovascular treatment (EVT) alone versus intravenous thrombolysis with alteplase (IVT) + EVT in directly admitted patients with a stroke are non-inferiority trials. However, the margin based on the level of uncertainty regarding non-inferiority of the experimental treatment that clinicians are willing to accept to incorporate EVT alone into clinical practice remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: To characterize what experienced stroke clinicians would consider an acceptable level of uncertainty for hypothetical decisions on whether to administer IVT or not before EVT in patients admitted directly to EVT-capable centers. METHODS: A web-based, structured survey was distributed to a cross-section of 600 academic neurologists/neurointerventionalists. For this purpose, a response framework for a hypothetical trial comparing IVT+EVT (standard of care) with EVT alone (experimental arm) was designed. In this trial, a similar proportion of patients in each arm achieved functional independence at 90 days. Invited physicians were asked at what level of certainty they would feel comfortable skipping IVT in clinical practice, considering these hypothetical trial results. RESULTS: There were 180 respondents (response rate: 30%) and 165 with complete answers. The median chosen acceptable uncertainty suggesting reasonable comparability between both treatments was an absolute difference in the rate of day 90 functional independence of 3% (mode 5%, IQR 1-5%), with higher chosen margins observed in interventionalists (aOR 2.20, 95% CI 1.06 to 4.67). CONCLUSION: Physicians would generally feel comfortable skipping IVT before EVT at different certainty thresholds. Most physicians would treat with EVT alone if randomized trial data suggested that the number of patients achieving functional independence at 90 days was similar between the two groups, and one could be sufficiently sure that no more than 3 out of 100 patients would not achieve functional independence at 90 days due to skipping IVT.

14.
Stroke ; : STROKEAHA121037061, 2022 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35240861

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The added value of intravenous alteplase in reperfusing ischemic brain tissue in patients undergoing endovascular treatment and directly presented to an endovascular treatment-capable hospital is uncertain. We conducted this post hoc analysis of a randomized trial (DIRECT-MT [Direct Intraarterial Thrombectomy in Order to Revascularize Acute Ischemic Stroke Patients With Large Vessel Occlusion Efficiently in Chinese Tertiary Hospitals: A Multicenter Randomized Clinical Trial]) to explore the association of intravenous alteplase, early (preendovascular treatment) reperfusion, and clinical outcome and to determine factors which may modify alteplase treatment effect on early reperfusion. METHODS: In this post hoc analysis of the DIRECT-MT randomized trial comparing intravenous alteplase before endovascular treatment versus endovascular treatment only, 623 of 656 randomized patients, with adequate angiographic evaluation for early reperfusion assessment, were included. The association of intravenous alteplase and early reperfusion (defined as expanded Thrombolysis in Cerebral Infarction score ≥2a on angiogram) was assessed using unadjusted comparisons and multivariable logistic regression. RESULTS: Among 623 patients included (317 received intravenous alteplase and 306 did not), early reperfusion occurred in 91 (15%) patients and was associated with better functional outcome (modified Rankin Scale score, 0-2 of 49/91 [54%] versus 178/531 [34%]; adjusted odds ratio, 1.92 [95% CI, 1.15-3.21]; P<0.001). Intravenous alteplase was independently associated with early reperfusion (59/317 [19%] versus 32/306 [10%]; adjusted odds ratio, 2.06 [95% CI, 1.27-3.33]; P=0.003), and the alteplase effect was modified by time from randomization to groin puncture (dichotomized by median, ≤33 minutes; adjusted odds ratio, 1.06 [95% CI, 0.53-2.10] versus >33 minutes; adjusted odds ratio, 4.07 [95% CI, 1.86-8.86]; Pinteraction=0.012). CONCLUSIONS: For patients with large vessel occlusion directly presenting to an endovascular treatment-capable hospital, intravenous alteplase increases early reperfusion when endovascular treatment gets delayed more than approximately half an hour. Thus, intravenous alteplase should be considered if endovascular treatment delays are anticipated by the treating medical team. Registration: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov; Unique identifier: NCT03469206.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35294368

RESUMO

To develop multi-functional human-machine interfaces that can help disabled people reconstruct lost functions of upper-limbs, machine learning (ML) and deep learning (DL) techniques have been widely implemented to decode human movement intentions from surface electromyography (sEMG) signals. However, due to the high complexity of upper-limb movements and the inherent non-stable characteristics of sEMG, the usability of ML/DL based control schemes is still greatly limited in practical scenarios. To this end, tremendous efforts have been made to improve model robustness, adaptation, and reliability. In this article, we provide a systematic review on recent achievements, mainly from three categories: multi-modal sensing fusion to gain additional information of the user, transfer learning (TL) methods to eliminate domain shift impacts on estimation models, and post-processing approaches to obtain more reliable outcomes. Special attention is given to fusion strategies, deep TL frameworks, and confidence estimation. \textcolor{red}{Research challenges and emerging opportunities, with respect to hardware development, public resources, and decoding strategies, are also analysed to provide perspectives for future developments.

16.
Front Neurol ; 13: 811629, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35222248

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effect of endovascular thrombectomy (EVT) alone vs. EVT after an intravenous (IV) alteplase of ischemic stroke on a patient-reported anxiety/depression, and to identify predictors of patient-reported anxiety/depression by analyzing data from Direct Intraarterial Thrombectomy in Order to Revascularize the patients with Acute Ischemic Stroke with a Large Vessel Occlusion Efficiently in Chinese Tertiary Hospitals: a Multicenter Randomized Clinical Trial (DIRECT-MT). METHODS: Patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS), triggered by a large-vessel occlusion in the anterior circulation, were randomly allocated to undergo an EVT after IV alteplase (combination-therapy group) or an EVT alone (EVT-alone group) at a 1:1 ratio in DIRECT-MT. Patients in both groups were followed up for 90 days (±14 days) after stroke using a structured modified Ranking Scale (mRS), a Barthel Index (BI), and a 5-Dimensional European Quality of Life Scale (EQ-5D-5L). Patients who returned EQ-5D-5L were included. The EQ-5D-5L anxiety/depression dimension was used to analyze the patient-reported anxiety/depression. First, differences in patient-reported anxiety/depression were compared between the combination-therapy group and the EVT-alone group. Then, the baseline and influencing factors between the anxiety/depression group and no anxiety/depression group were analyzed using univariate regression analysis. Finally, variables with p < 0.1 in univariate regression were subjected to multivariable binary regression analysis to screen independent predictors for patient-reported anxiety /depression after ischemic stroke. RESULTS: : Five hundred fifteen patients returned the EQ-5D-5L in Direct-MT. Of these patients, 226 (43.88%) reported a level of anxiety/depression, and about 7% reported a severe or extremely severe anxiety/depression. The patient-reported anxiety/depression in the EVT-alone group was significantly higher than that in the combination-therapy group (48.26% vs. 39.45%, p = 0.04). The clinical outcomes were significantly different between the no Anxiety/Depression Group and the anxiety/depression group (mRS at 90 days:2 vs 3, p < 0.001; BI of 95 or 100 at 90 days: 73.36% vs 42.04%, p < 0.001; EQ-5D-5l utility indexes at 90 days:0.96 vs.57, p < 0.001). Logistic regression analysis showed that allocation to thrombolysis before EVT strategy was inversely associated with anxiety/depression [0.61(0.40, 0.94), p = 0.03], an insular cortex ischemia, and National Institute of Health Strocke Scale (NIHSS) at 7 days were positively associated with anxiety/depression [2.04(1.07, 3.90), p = 0.03; 1.07(1.03, 1.12), p < 0.001]. CONCLUSIONS: Patient-reported anxiety/depression may suggest that there is a benefit to administering intravenous alteplase before EVT. It may also indicate that it is better to provide IV alteplase before EVT, rather than EVT alone according to patient-reported anxiety/depression. Future research should consider not only the motor function impairments but also the patient-reported mental problems as measures of treatment efficacy in patients with stroke (DIRECT-MT ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT03469206).

17.
J Cell Mol Med ; 26(8): 2363-2376, 2022 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35224833

RESUMO

Bladder cancer (BLCA) is a common genitourinary cancer in patients, and tumour angiogenesis is indispensable for its occurrence and development. However, the indepth mechanism of tumour angiogenesis in BLCA remains elusive. According to recent studies, the tight junction protein family member occludin (OCLN) is expressed at high levels in BLCA tissues and correlates with a poor prognosis. Downregulation of OCLN inhibits tumour angiogenesis in BLCA cells and murine xenografts, whereas OCLN overexpression exerts the opposite effect. Mechanistically, the RT-qPCR analysis and Western blotting results showed that OCLN increased interleukin-8 (IL8) and p-signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) levels to promote BLCA angiogenesis. RNA sequencing analysis and dual-luciferase reporter assays indicated that OCLN regulated IL8 transcriptional activity via the transcription factor STAT4. In summary, our results provide new perspectives on OCLN, as this protein participates in the development of BLCA angiogenesis by activating the IL8/STAT3 pathway via STAT4 and may serve as a novel and unique therapeutic target.


Assuntos
Interleucina-8 , Ocludina , Fator de Transcrição STAT4 , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária , Animais , Humanos , Interleucina-8/genética , Interleucina-8/metabolismo , Camundongos , Neovascularização Patológica/genética , Ocludina/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/genética , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição STAT4/genética , Fator de Transcrição STAT4/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/patologia
18.
Sheng Li Xue Bao ; 74(1): 47-58, 2022 Feb 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35199125

RESUMO

The kidney is one of the main target organs involved in hypertension, and it regulates water and salt metabolism, blood volume and vascular resistance. High salt intake induces salt and water retention, persistent endothelial dysfunction and elevation of blood pressure in salt sensitive individuals. Dahl salt sensitive (Dahl-SS) rats, as a classic animal model for salt sensitive hypertension, have many similar stably inherited physiological characteristics to human with salt sensitive hypertension, such as salt sensitivity, hyperlipidemia, insulin resistance, renal failure, increased urinary protein secretion and low plasma renin activity. Based on renal physiology and biochemistry researches and multi-omics analyses in Dahl-SS rats, this review will summarize the relationship between salt sensitive hypertension and renal redox, NO, amino acids, glucose and lipid metabolism.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Cloreto de Sódio na Dieta , Animais , Pressão Sanguínea , Rim/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Endogâmicos Dahl
19.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 817119, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35222031

RESUMO

Background: Combination therapy has become an attractive option in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) treatment. The aim of this study was to investigate whether additional use of prostacyclin analogs could exert any additional benefits over background targeted therapies in PAH patients. Methods: Searches were performed on PubMed, Embase, and ClinicalTrials.gov from inception to 1 October 2021. Randomized controlled trials were included if patients had been treated with prostacyclin analog-containing combination therapy and compared with the use of other PAH-specific background therapies. The bias risk and statistical analysis of the enrolled studies were performed with RevMan 5.1. Sensitivity analysis and funnel plot were used to evaluate the stability and publication bias, respectively. PROSPERO registered number CRD42021284196. Results: Ten trials involving 1828 patients were included. Prostacyclin analog treatment was associated with greater improvement in clinical worsening (risk ratio [RR], 0.70; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.57-0.86), 6-min walk distance (mean difference [MD], 37.17 m; 95% CI, 3.01-71.33 m), NYHA/WHO functional class (RR, 1.58; 95% CI, 1.21-2.05), mean pulmonary artery pressure (MD, -9.23 mmHg; 95% CI, -17.44 to -1.03 mmHg), and cardiac index (MD, 0.41 L/min/m2; 95% CI, 0.26-0.55 L/min/m2) than the control group. No significant differences in pulmonary vascular resistance (MD, -137.22 dyn·s/cm5; 95% CI, -272.61 to -1.84 dyn·s/cm5) and all-cause mortality (RR, 0.96; 95% CI, 0.57-1.61) were found between the prostacyclin analog group and control group. Of note, more adverse events (RR, 1.07; 95% CI, 1.02-1.13) occurred in the prostacyclin analog group but no significant increase in serious adverse events (RR, 1.25; 95% CI, 0.75-2.11). Conclusion: Additional prostacyclin analog treatment exerted benefits on clinical worsening, exercise capacity, functional class, mean pulmonary artery pressure, and cardiac index in PAH patients, but it was associated with overall risk of adverse events. Clinical Trial Registration: https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/prospero/display_record.php?ID=CRD42021284196, identifier CRD42021284196.

20.
Nutr Rev ; 2022 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35178575

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Current dietary guidelines recommend eggs as a part of a healthy diet. However, whether egg consumption is associated with risk of mortality remains controversial. Moreover, the dose-response association of egg consumption with risk of mortality has not been determined. OBJECTIVE: To determine the potential dose-response association of egg consumption with risk of mortality in the general population. DATA SOURCES: The PubMed and Embase databases were searched for publications meeting eligibility criteria through November 2021. DATA EXTRACTION: Required data were extracted by 1 reviewer and then checked for accuracy by another reviewer. A random-effects dose-response meta-regression model was used to calculate the pooled risk estimates. A restricted cubic spline model was used to test nonlinearity. The certainty of evidence was assessed using the GRADE system. DATA ANALYSIS: Nineteen prospective cohort studies, involving 1 737 893 participants, were included. The pooled hazard ratios for an increase of 1 egg/d were 1.08 (95%CI, 1.01-1.15) for all-cause mortality, 1.07 (95%CI, 0.97-1.18) for cardiovascular disease-caused mortality, and 1.16 (95%CI, 1.04-1.30) for cancer-caused mortality. The certainty of evidence for these observations was rated as very low. Nonlinear dose-response associations were found for egg consumption and all-cause, cardiovascular disease-caused, and cancer-caused mortality. Moreover, the positive association between egg consumption and all-cause mortality was more pronounced in studies with adjustment for blood cholesterol-related covariates than those without (Pinteraction = 0.011). CONCLUSIONS: Greater amount of egg consumption confers higher risks of death from all causes, cardiovascular disease, and canc er in a nonlinear dose-response pattern. These findings should be treated with caution and need to be confirmed by future studies.

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