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1.
Neural Regen Res ; 17(2): 440-449, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34269221

RESUMO

Olfactory ensheathing cells (OECs) from the olfactory bulb (OB) and the olfactory mucosa (OM) have the capacity to repair nerve injury. However, the difference in the therapeutic effect between OB-derived OECs and OM-derived OECs remains unclear. In this study, we extracted OECs from OB and OM and compared the gene and protein expression profiles of the cells using transcriptomics and non-quantitative proteomics techniques. The results revealed that both OB-derived OECs and OM-derived OECs highly expressed genes and proteins that regulate cell growth, proliferation, apoptosis and vascular endothelial cell regeneration. The differentially expressed genes and proteins of OB-derived OECs play a key role in regulation of nerve regeneration and axon regeneration and extension, transmission of nerve impulses and response to axon injury. The differentially expressed genes and proteins of OM-derived OECs mainly participate in the positive regulation of inflammatory response, defense response, cytokine binding, cell migration and wound healing. These findings suggest that differentially expressed genes and proteins may explain why OB-derived OECs and OM-derived OECs exhibit different therapeutic roles. This study was approved by the Animal Ethics Committee of the General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University (approval No. 2017-073) on February 13, 2017.

2.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 711187, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34721012

RESUMO

Therapeutic drug monitoring is considered to be an effective tool for the individualized use of voriconazole. However, drug concentration measurement alone doesn't take into account the susceptibility of the infecting microorganisms to the drug. Linking pharmacodynamic data with the pharmacokinetic profile of individuals is expected to be an effective method to predict the probability of a certain therapeutic outcome. The objective of this study was to individualize voriconazole regimens by integrating individual pharmacokinetic parameters and pathogen susceptibility data through Monte Carlo simulations The individual pharmacokinetic parameters of 35 hospitalized patients who received voriconazole were calculated based on a validated population pharmacokinetic model. The area under the concentration-time curve for free drug/minimal inhibitory concentration (fAUCss/MIC) > 25 was selected as the pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) parameter predicting the efficacy of voriconazole. The cumulative fraction of response (CFR) of the target value was assessed. To verify this conclusion, a logistic regression analysis was used to explore the relationship between actual clinical efficiency and the CFR value. For the 35 patients, the area under the free drug concentration-time curve (fAUCss) was calculated to be 34.90 ± 21.67 mgh/L. According to the dualistic logistic regression analysis, the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) value of different kinds of fungi had a great influence on the effectiveness of clinical treatment. It also showed that the actual clinical efficacy and the CFR value of fAUCss/MIC had a high degree of consistency. The results suggest that it is feasible to individualize voriconazole dosing and predict clinical outcomes through the integration of data on pharmacokinetics and antifungal susceptibility.

3.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 723729, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34776951

RESUMO

The Polycomb protein enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) has critical roles in prostate cancer (PCa) progression and drug-resistance, which remains an obstacle for PCa treatment. Enzalutamide (ENZ) is a second-generation androgen receptor antagonist employed for treatment of metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer A considerable proportion of tumors eventually develop resistance during treatment. Thus, agents that can overcome resistance to PCa are needed urgently. Ilicicolin A (Ili-A), an ascochlorin derivative isolated from the coral-derived fungus Acremonium sclerotigenum GXIMD 02501, shows antiproliferative activity in human PCa cells, but its mechanism of action against Castration-resistant prostate cancer is not known. Herein, RNA-sequencing showed the EZH2 pathway to be involved in PCa proliferation. Ili-A at low doses reduced the protein level of EZH2, leading to transcriptional change. Interestingly, Ili-A suppressed the binding of EZH2 to promoter regions in AR/serine/threonine polo-like kinase-1/aurora kinase A. Moreover, Ili-A could enhance the anticancer activity of enzalutamide in CRPC cancer models. These data suggest that Ili-A could be used in combination with enzalutamide to treat CRPC.

4.
Chem Sci ; 12(40): 13343-13359, 2021 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34777753

RESUMO

There is significant interest in ligands that can stabilize actinide ions in oxidation states that can be exploited to chemically differentiate 5f and 4f elements. Applications range from developing large-scale actinide separation strategies for nuclear industry processing to carrying out analytical studies that support environmental monitoring and remediation efforts. Here, we report syntheses and characterization of Np(iv), Pu(iv) and Am(iii) complexes with N-tert-butyl-N-(pyridin-2-yl)hydroxylaminato, [2-( t BuNO)py]-(interchangeable hereafter with [( t BuNO)py]-), a ligand which was previously found to impart remarkable stability to cerium in the +4 oxidation state. An[( t BuNO)py]4 (An = Pu, 1; Np, 2) have been synthesized, characterized by X-ray diffraction, X-ray absorption, 1H NMR and UV-vis-NIR spectroscopies, and cyclic voltammetry, along with computational modeling and analysis. In the case of Pu, oxidation of Pu(iii) to Pu(iv) was observed upon complexation with the [( t BuNO)py]- ligand. The Pu complex 1 and Np complex 2 were also isolated directly from Pu(iv) and Np(iv) precursors. Electrochemical measurements indicate that a Pu(iii) species can be accessed upon one-electron reduction of 1 with a large negative reduction potential (E 1/2 = -2.26 V vs. Fc+/0). Applying oxidation potentials to 1 and 2 resulted in ligand-centered electron transfer reactions, which is different from the previously reported redox chemistry of UIV[( t BuNO)py]4 that revealed a stable U(v) product. Treatment of an anhydrous Am(iii) precursor with the [( t BuNO)py]- ligand did not result in oxidation to Am(iv). Instead, the dimeric complex [AmIII(µ2-( t BuNO)py)(( t BuNO)py)2]2 (3) was isolated. Complex 3 is a rare example of a structurally characterized non-aqueous Am-containing molecular complex prepared using inert atmosphere techniques. Predicted redox potentials from density functional theory calculations show a trivalent accessibility trend of U(iii) < Np(iii) < Pu(iii) and that the higher oxidation states of actinides (i.e., +5 for Np and Pu and +4 for Am) are not stabilized by [2-( t BuNO)py]-, in good agreement with experimental observations.

5.
Bioconjug Chem ; 2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34784710

RESUMO

Ultrasound-activated therapies have been regarded as the efficient strategy for tumor treatment, among which sonosensitizer-enabled sonodynamic oxidative tumor therapy features intrinsic advantages as compared to other exogenous trigger-activated dynamic therapies. Nanomedicine-based nanosonosensitizer design has been extensively explored for improving the therapeutic efficacy of sonodynamic therapy (SDT) of tumor. This review focuses on solving two specific issues, i.e., precise and enhanced sonodynamic oxidative tumor treatment, by rationally designing and engineering multifunctional composite nanosonosensitizers. This multifunctional design can augment the therapeutic efficacy of SDT against tumor by either improving the production of reactive oxygen species or inducing the synergistic effect of SDT-based combinatorial therapies. Especially, this multifunctional design is also capable of endowing the nanosonosensitizer with bioimaging functionality, which can effectively guide and monitor the therapeutic procedure of the introduced sonodynamic oxidative tumor treatment. The design principles, underlying material chemistry for constructing multifunctional composite nanosonosensitizers, intrinsic synergistic mechanism, and bioimaging guided/monitored precise SDT are summarized and discussed in detail with the most representative paradigms. Finally, the existing critical issues, available challenges, and potential future developments of this research area are also discussed for promoting the further clinical translations of these multifunctional composite nanosonosensitizers in SDT-based tumor treatment.

6.
Ann Palliat Med ; 10(10): 10768-10778, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34763438

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy predicts worse cardiac outcomes. Blood pressure lowering is associated with the reduction of LV hypertrophy. This study evaluated the effect of a calcium channel blocker, amlodipine, on LV hypertrophy in patients with hypertension. METHODS: Studies were identified by conducting a literature survey in electronic databases, and study selection was carried out according to precise eligibility criteria. Meta-analyses of mean change between the follow-up and baseline values of systolic/diastolic blood pressure (SBP/DBP) and LV hypertrophy indices were performed. Meta-regression analyses were performed to examine the factors affecting changes in these indices. RESULTS: Twenty-three studies [involving 737 patients; age 56.4 years, 95% confidence interval (CI): 53.5-59.2; females 34%, 95% CI: 25-44%; body mass index 26.4 kg/m2, 95% CI: 24.6-28.1] were included. Amlodipine treatment led to a significant reduction in SBP (-24.9 mmHg; 95% CI: -28.3 to -21.6; P<0.0001) and DBP (-14.8; 95% CI: -16.4 to -13.3; P<0.0001), without affecting the heart rate. Amlodipine treatment also significantly reduced the LV mass index. The mean difference (MD) between the follow-up and baseline LV mass index was -12.9; 95% CI: -15.4 to -10.4 (P<0.001). This decrease in LV mass index was positively associated with the follow-up duration [meta-regression coefficient (MC): 0.392; 95% CI: 0.050-0.733; P=0.026] and baseline LV mass index (MC: 0.139; 95% CI: 0.007-0.271; P=0.040). Amlodipine treatment significantly reduced the LV posterior wall thickness, which was also positively associated with the follow-up duration. There was no significant decrease in the LV end-diastolic diameter following amlodipine treatment. DISCUSSION: Amlodipine treatment in patients with hypertension significantly reduced the LV mass index and LV posterior wall thickness, without notably affecting the LV end-diastolic diameter. Since many of the included studies were non-randomized, open-label, or lacking appropriate comparability, we therefore performed pooled analyses of the changes from baseline, and a comparative account could not be carried out.


Assuntos
Anlodipino , Hipertensão , Anlodipino/farmacologia , Anlodipino/uso terapêutico , Pressão Sanguínea , Bloqueadores dos Canais de Cálcio/farmacologia , Bloqueadores dos Canais de Cálcio/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/tratamento farmacológico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
7.
J Int Med Res ; 49(11): 3000605211058875, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34806922

RESUMO

The current therapy for myocarditis is immunosuppressive therapy. However, in rare cases in which patients do not respond to intervention, their condition can rapidly deteriorate to myocarditis with shock, which is characterized by extensive and diffuse lymphocyte infiltration in the myocardium. Most cases of myocarditis are caused by virus-mediated damage of cardiomyocytes, and its clinical manifestations are ventricular arrhythmia and hemodynamic disturbances. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation is an effective intervention, which regulates hemodynamic stability and avoids systemic hypoperfusion. This intervention has been used to sustain hemodynamic stability in patients with myocarditis and shock. We report here early application of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for successful treatment of a patient with myocarditis and shock.

8.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 21(1): 537, 2021 11 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34772347

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the 3-year clinical outcomes of a polymer-free sirolimus-eluting, Nano plus stent for the treatment of coronary artery disease in the NANO multicenter Registry. BACKGROUND: The long-term clinical data evaluating the safety and efficacy of the novel polymer-free sirolimus-eluting Nano plus stent (Lepu Medical, Beijing, China) is limited. METHODS: The NANO all-comers Registry trial was a prospective, multicenter clinical registry conducted in 26 centers in China between August 2016 and January 2017. A total of 2481 consecutive patients were exclusively treated with the Nano plus stent. The primary clinical endpoint, target lesion failure (TLF, defined as cardiac death, target vessel nonfatal myocardial infarction, and clinically driven target lesion revascularization [CD-TLR]), was analyzed at 3 years. RESULTS: At 3 years, 2295 patients (92.5%) were followed. The incidence of TLF was 6.8% (168/2481). The rate of cardiac death was 3.8% (94/2481), target vessel nonfatal myocardial infarction 0.7% (18/2481), and CD-TLR 2.9% (68/2481). The rate of definite/probable stent thrombosis was 0.5% (13/2481). The risk factors of diabetes mellitus, acute myocardial infarction, age, chronic renal failure, in-stent restenosis, chronic total occlusion, and left ventricular ejection fraction < 40% were the independent predictors of 3-year TLF. CONCLUSIONS: At three years, the rate of TLF was relatively low in patients treated with the polymer-free Nano plus stent. The polymer-free Nano plus stent showed a favorable safety and efficacy profile in real-world patients. Clinical trial registration URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ . Unique identifier: NCT02929030.

9.
Nature ; 599(7885): 421-424, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34789902

RESUMO

Californium (Cf) is currently the heaviest element accessible above microgram quantities. Cf isotopes impose severe experimental challenges due to their scarcity and radiological hazards. Consequently, chemical secrets ranging from the accessibility of 5f/6d valence orbitals to engage in bonding, the role of spin-orbit coupling in electronic structure, and reactivity patterns compared to other f elements, remain locked. Organometallic molecules were foundational in elucidating periodicity and bonding trends across the periodic table1-3, with a twenty-first-century renaissance of organometallic thorium (Th) through plutonium (Pu) chemistry4-12, and to a smaller extent americium (Am)13, transforming chemical understanding. Yet, analogous curium (Cm) to Cf chemistry has lain dormant since the 1970s. Here, we revive air-/moisture-sensitive Cf chemistry through the synthesis and characterization of [Cf(C5Me4H)2Cl2K(OEt2)]n from two milligrams of 249Cf. This bent metallocene motif, not previously structurally authenticated beyond uranium (U)14,15, contains the first crystallographically characterized Cf-C bond. Analysis suggests the Cf-C bond is largely ionic with a small covalent contribution. Lowered Cf 5f orbital energy versus dysprosium (Dy) 4f in the colourless, isoelectronic and isostructural [Dy(C5Me4H)2Cl2K(OEt2)]n results in an orange Cf compound, contrasting with the light-green colour typically associated with Cf compounds16-22.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34791881

RESUMO

Developing manufacturing methods that are scalable and compatible with a roll-to-roll process with low waste of material has become a pressing need to transfer organic photovoltaics (OPVs) to a viable renewable energy source. For this purpose, various spray printing methods have been proposed. Among them, electrospray (ES) is an attractive option due to its negligible material waste, tunable droplet size, and tolerance to the substrate defects and roughness. Conventional ES with a circular spray footprint often makes the droplets well separated and unlikely to merge, giving rise to "coffee rings" which cause a rough and flawed film morphology. Here, a quadrupole electrode is introduced to generate a compressing electric field that squeezes the conical ES profile into the shape of a thin sheet. The numerical simulation and experimental data of the trajectories of sprayed droplets show that the quadrupole apparatus can effectively increase the long axis to short axis ratio of the oval spray footprint and hence bring droplets closer to each other and make the merging more likely for the deposited droplets. By promoting the merging of droplets, individual coffee rings are also suppressed. Thus, the quadrupole ES offers untapped opportunities for effectively reducing voids and improving the flatness of the ES-printed active layer. The devices with a PM6:N3 active layer printed by the sheet ES exhibited the highest power conversion efficiency (PCE) of up to 15.98%, which is a noticeable improvement over that (14.85%) of counterparts fabricated by a conventional conical ES. This is the highest PCE reported for ES-printed OPVs and is one of the most efficient spray-deposited OPVs so far. In addition, the all-spray-printed devices reached a PCE of 14.55%, which is also among the most efficient all-spray-printed OPVs.

11.
BMC Cancer ; 21(1): 1230, 2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34789197

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cervical carcinoma is one of the most common malignant tumors of the female reproductive system. Lymph nodes metastasis, the most common metastasis, which can be detected even in small-size tumor patients, results in worse prognosis. Therefore, it is of great significance to explore novel lymph nodes metastasis associated biomarkers, which can predict the prognosis and provide a good reference for clinical decision making in cervical carcinoma patients. However, systematic and comprehensive studies related to the key molecules in lymph node metastasis in cervical carcinoma patients are still absent. METHODS: Transcriptome and clinical data of 307 cervical carcinoma patients were obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). Then, survival of patients with and without lymph node metastasis was analyzed by Kaplan-Meier (K-M) curves. Differential expressed genes (DEGs) were detected between tumor and control samples using limma package and defined as lymph node metastasis related genes. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were carried out to screen robust prognostic gene signature. The risk score model and nomogram for predicting survival were constructed based on prognostic gene signature. The performance of the risk score model was evaluated by operating characteristic (ROC) curves. Based on risk score, patients were divided into low- and high- risk groups. DEGs, functional enrichment analysis and tumor microenvironment (immune infiltration and expressions of immune checkpoints) were detected in low- and high-risk groups. RESULTS: A total of 103 lymph node metastasis-associated genes were identified. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses identified TEKT2, LPIN2, FABP4 and CXCL2 as prognostic gene signature. The risk score model was constructed and validated in cervical carcinoma patients. 345 DEGs identified between high- and low-risk groups were significantly enriched into immune-related biological processes. Furthermore, we found that the immune infiltration and expressions of immune checkpoints were significantly different between low- and high-risk groups. CONCLUSION: Our study revealed that lymph node metastasis played an important role in the prognosis of cervical carcinoma patients. Furthermore, we established a risk score model based on lymph node metastasis related genes, which could accurately predict the survival of cervical carcinoma patients. Besides, our findings in tumor microenvironments of low- and high-risk groups improved our understanding of the relationship between lymph node metastasis related genes and cervical carcinoma.

12.
Cytokine ; 150: 155769, 2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34798413

RESUMO

Eosinophils (Eos) are the major effector cells in allergic response. The regulation of Eo is not fully understood yet. Flagellin (FGN) has immune regulatory functions. This study aims to elucidate the role of FGN in maintaining Eo at the static status in the intestinal tissues. A mouse food allergy (FA) model was developed. Eo mediator levels in the serum or culture supernatant or intestinal lavage fluids were assessed and used as an indicator of Eo activation. The results showed that less FGN amounts were detected in the FA mouse intestinal tissues, that were negatively correlated with the Eo activation. Mast cell-derived chymase bound FGN to induce FGN degradation. FGN formed complexes with FcγRI on Eos to prevent specific antigens from binding FcγRI, and thus, to prevent Eo activation. Administration of FGN efficiently alleviated experimental FA. In conclusion, FGN plays a critical role in maintaining Eos at static status in the intestine. Administration of FGN can alleviate experimental FA. FGN may be a novel drug candidate to be used in the treatment of Eo-related diseases.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34745284

RESUMO

The purpose of this study is to design a flower-shaped lactose loaded curcumin solid lipid nanoparticles dry powder inhaler and characterize it to improve the solubility and dissolution rate of curcumin in lung. Curcumin solid lipid nanoparticles (Cur-SLNs) were prepared by solvent evaporation method, and then they were micronized by freeze-drying technology. Finally, Cur-SLN micropowder obtained by freeze-drying was mixed with flower-shaped lactose (FL) at a ratio of 2 : 1 and then passed through a 200-mesh sieve to obtain Cur-SLN-FL powder. Tween-80 was selected as the surfactant to inhibit the aggregation of drug solid lipid nanoparticles. Under the optimum conditions, the solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN) were relatively spherical, with an average particle size of 14.7 nm, narrow distribution, Zeta potential of -22.5 mV, encapsulation efficiency of 90.21%, and drug loading of 8.56%. According to the particle size, PI, Zeta potential, drug loading (LC%), encapsulation efficiency (EE%), morphology, and in vitro release characteristics, the prescription of solid lipid nanoparticles was screened. Dry powder inhaler (DPI) was characterized by differential scanning calorimetry, scanning electron microscopy, particle size, density, and in vitro release performance. Its cytotoxicity to mouse fibroblasts (L929) and human normal lung epithelial cells (BEAS-2B) in vitro was investigated, and its safety for pulmonary inhalation was preliminarily determined. FTIR analysis shows that the micronized Cur-SLN-FL has the same chemical structure as FL. FTIR and DSC analysis confirmed that the characteristic absorption peak of curcumin was not found in Cur-SLN-FL, showing similar structure to SLN and FL. In addition, curcumin was coated in solid lipid nanoparticles to make powder mist, which increased its drug loading, kept its aerodynamic particle size (4.03 ± 0.40) µm, and significantly improved its drug release performance in artificial lung fluid. In vitro cytotoxicity test results confirmed that Cur-SLN-FL was less toxic to BEAS-2B cells than L929 cells. Therefore, curcumin was prepared into solid lipid nanoparticles by emulsion evaporation-low temperature solidification method and then micronized and mixed with FL to prepare curcumin solid lipid nanoparticle powder mist loaded with flower-shaped lactose. The process is simple and feasible, and it has better safety performance for lung cells, which is expected to become a safe and effective delivery system for pulmonary inhalation drugs.

14.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 758035, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34746269

RESUMO

Objective: Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a complex disease caused by multifaceted interaction between genetic and environmental factors, which makes identification of the most likely disease candidate proteins and their associated risk markers a big challenge. Atherosclerosis is presented by a broad spectrum of heart diseases, including stable coronary artery disease (SCAD) and acute myocardial infarction (AMI), which is the progressive stage of SCAD. As such, the correct and prompt diagnosis of atherosclerosis turns into imperative for precise and prompt disease diagnosis, treatment and prognosis. Methods: The current work aims to look for specific protein markers for differential diagnosis of coronary atherosclerosis. Thirty male patients between 45 and 55 years diagnosed with atherosclerosis were analyzed by tandem mass tag (TMT) mass spectrometry. The study excluded those who were additionally diagnosed with hypertension and type 1 and 2 diabetes. The Mufuzz analysis was applied to select target proteins for precise and prompt diagnosis of atherosclerosis, most of which were most related to high lipid metabolism. The parallel reaction monitoring (PRM) was used to verify the selected target proteins. Finally, The receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was calculated by a random forest experiment. Results: One thousand one hundred and forty seven proteins were identified in the TMT mass spectrometry, 907 of which were quantifiable. In the PRM study, six proteins related to lipid metabolism pathway were selected for verification and they were ALB, SHBG, APOC2, APOC3, APOC4, SAA4. Conclusion: Through the detected specific changes in these six proteins, our results provide accuracy in atherosclerosis patients' diagnosis, especially in cases with varying types of the disease.

16.
J BUON ; 26(5): 1950-1957, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34761604

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the efficacy and safety of different peri-operative regimens using the network meta-analysis for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with portal/hepatic vein tumor thrombosis. The interested modalities included neoadjuvant three-dimensional radiotherapy (3D-CRT), post-operative intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT), post-operative transarterial chemoembolization (TACE), 3DCRT plus TACE and surgery alone. METHODS: PubMed and Cochrane Library electronic databases were systematically searched for eligible studies published up to March 2021. Data related to treatment efficacy including overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were extracted and compared using a Bayesian approach. Adverse events (AEs) were assessed and compared. RESULTS: Five studies published between 2009 and 2021 were enrolled in this network meta-analysis. The comparison showed that surgery with IMRT ranks relatively higher in prolonging OS in advanced HCC patients, followed by neoadjuvant 3DCRT and surgery plus TACE. Neoadjuvant 3DCRT and postoperative IMRT appear to be better choices than 3DCRT plus TACE in terms of OS. IMRT, TACE and neoadjuvant 3DCRT group were all superior to surgery alone in terms of DFS. The rate of AEs did not differ significantly. CONCLUSIONS: Adjuvant IMRT showed more favorable treatment responses compared to other regimens in HCC patients as a peri-operative regimen.

17.
Stem Cells Int ; 2021: 8502021, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34603454

RESUMO

Achievement of high targeting efficiency for a drug delivery system remains a challenge of tumor diagnoses and nonsurgery therapies. Although nanoparticle-based drug delivery systems have made great progress in extending circulation time, improving durability, and controlling drug release, the targeting efficiency remains low. And the development is limited to reducing side effects since overall survival rates are mostly unchanged. Therefore, great efforts have been made to explore cell-driven drug delivery systems in the tumor area. Cells, particularly those in the blood circulatory system, meet most of the demands that the nanoparticle-based delivery systems do not. These cells possess extended circulation times and innate chemomigration ability and can activate an immune response that exerts therapeutic effects. However, new challenges have emerged, such as payloads, cell function change, cargo leakage, and in situ release. Generally, employing cells from the blood circulatory system as cargo carriers has achieved great benefits and paved the way for tumor diagnosis and therapy. This review specifically covers (a) the properties of red blood cells, monocytes, macrophages, neutrophils, natural killer cells, T lymphocytes, and mesenchymal stem cells; (b) the loading strategies to balance cargo amounts and cell function balance; (c) the cascade strategies to improve cell-driven targeting delivery efficiency; and (d) the features and applications of cell membranes, artificial cells, and extracellular vesicles in cancer treatment.

18.
Cell Cycle ; : 1-11, 2021 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34606419

RESUMO

Multiple myeloma (MM) remains an incurable hematological malignancy characterized by proliferation and accumulation of plasma cells in the bone marrow. Innovative and effective therapeutic approaches that are able to improve the outcome and the survival of MM sufferers, especially the identification of novel natural compounds and investigation of their anti-MM mechanisms, are needed. Here, we investigated the effects and the potential mechanisms against MM of forskolin, a diterpene derived from the medicinal plant Coleus forskohlii, in MM cell line MM.1S. CCK-8 assay showed that forskolin significantly inhibited MM.1S cells viability in a time- and dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, we demonstrated that forskolin induced G2/M phase arrest with a remarkable increase of p-cdc25c, p-cdc2, and a decrease of cyclin B1, indicating the suppression of cdc25C/cdc2/cyclin B pathway. Moreover, we found that forskolin induced mitochondrion-dependent apoptosis which was accompanied by the increase of pro-apoptotic proteins Bax, Bad, Bim and Bid, the decrease of anti-apoptotic proteins Bcl-2 and Bcl-xl, the changes of the mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) and increase of cleaved caspase-9, cleaved caspase-3 and cleaved PARP. Of note, we demonstrated that forskolin induced a decrease of p-C-Raf, p-MEK, p-ERK1/2 and p-p90Rsk, and an increase of p-PERK, p-eIF2α and CHOP, which indicated that the inhibition of Raf/MEK/ERK pathway and activation of PERK/eIF2α/CHOP pathway were involved, at least partially, in forskolin-induced MM.1S cells apoptosis. These findings confirm the anti-MM action of forskolin and extend the understanding of its anti-MM mechanism in MM.1S cells, as well as reinforcing the evidence for forskolin as a natural chemotherapeutic compound against MM.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34607553

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanotubes arrays have shown tremendous application foreground due to their unique characters of structure and performance. However, the single bio-function is still the limit on cardiovascular biomaterials. METHODS: The loadability function provides the possibility for the TiO2 nanotubes arrays to realize composite multifunction. The copper can catalyze the release of nitric oxide to promote the proliferation of endothelium cells, and improve the anticoagulant. Also, zinc can adjust the inflammatory responses to improve anti-inflammation. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: In this work we co-doped the copper and zinc onto TiO2 nanotubes arrays to estimate the hemocompatibility, cytocompatibility and responses of inflammation. The results showed that the copper and zinc could introduce better multi-biofunctions to the TiO2 nanotubes arrays for the application in cardiovascular biomaterials.

20.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 29(5): 1498-1503, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34627430

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical characteristics and treatment outcome of patients with Burkitt lymphoma. METHODS: The clinical data of 27 patients with Burkitt Lymphoma were collected and retrospectively analyzed, the clinical characteristics, laboratory data, survival and the factors affecting the prognosis were also analyzed. RESULTS: Among the 27 patients (mainly for adults), the median age was 30 (15-83) years old, the ratio of male and female was 3.5∶1. There was no EB virus infection in all the patients, 92.6% of the patients showed extranodal organs involvement, 40.7% of them were leukemic stage, 85.2% patients belonged to Ⅲ and Ⅳ stage, 74.1% patients belonged to high/high-middle risk according to IPI index. In the terms of molecular biology, five patients were treated with next-generation sequencing test, and the MYC gene mutations were detected out in alt the patients, and the most common mutations were CCND3, ID3 and TP53. The overall response rate (ORR) for all the patients was 85.2%, the complete response (CR) rate was 63.0%, and the partial response rate was 22.2%, the 5-year progression-free survival rate and overall survival rate of the patients was 76.6% and 76.6%, respectively, which showed that the efficacy of the patients in high-dose methotrexate treatment group was higher than that in the non-high high-dose methotrexate treatment group. For the patients treated with LMB89 chemotherapy, the CR was 78.6%, ORR was 100%, the 5-year survival rate was 92.9%, which was superior to the patients treated with other regimens. Auto-hematopoietic stem cell transplantation as consolidation treatment could improve the prognosis for those patients who could not tolerate high-dose chemotherapy. Univariate analysis showed that ECOG score, the level of LDH>500 U/L, WBC level, CNS involvement, short-term effect and LMB89 regimen were the risk factors affecting the prognosis of the patients. CONCLUSION: The adult Burkitt lymphoma are highly aggressive. For the patients in high-dose methotrexate treatment group, especially LMB89 regimen can improve the survival of the patients, and to choose HSCT as a consolidation treatment can be a choice for those patients who could not tolerate high-dose chemotherapy.


Assuntos
Linfoma de Burkitt , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Linfoma de Burkitt/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Indução de Remissão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
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