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1.
Bioresour Technol ; 367: 128270, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36347483

RESUMO

In this study, a novel method of coupling phytohormones with saline wastewater was proposed to drive efficient microalgal lipid production. All the six phytohormones effectively promoted microalgae growth in saline wastewater, and further increased the microalgal lipid content based on salt stress, so as to achieve a large increase in microalgal lipid productivity. Among the phytohormones used, abscisic acid had the most significant promoting effect. Under the synergistic effect of 20 g/L salt and 20 mg/L abscisic acid, the microalgal lipid productivity reached 3.7 times that of the control. Transcriptome analysis showed that differentially expressed genes (DEGs) of microalgae in saline wastewater were mainly up-regulated under the effects of phytohormones except brassinolide. Common DEGs analysis showed that phytohormones all regulated the expression of genes related to DNA repair and substance synthesis. In conclusion, synergistic effect of salt stress and phytohormones can greatly improve the microalgal lipid production efficiency.


Assuntos
Microalgas , Microalgas/metabolismo , Reguladores de Crescimento de Plantas , Águas Residuárias , Ácido Abscísico/metabolismo , Lipídeos , Estresse Salino , Biomassa
2.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 301: 115821, 2023 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36220510

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Radix Paeoniae Alba (RPA), a traditional Chinese medicine, has been used frequently in the treatment of asthma. Previous studies demonstrated the dichloromethane fraction of Stir-Frying RPA (FDCM) enhanced the effect of anti-allergic asthma compared with the dichloromethane fraction of RPA (DCM). AIM OF THE STUDY: The significant increasing of Paeoniflorin (PF), ethyl gallate (EG), 1,2,3,4,6-pentagalloylglucose (PGG) had been observed in FDCM. This study aimed to investigate the effects and mechanisms of these compounds from FDCM in ovalbumin (OVA)-induced allergic asthma mouse model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The significant difference contents compounds fraction (FB-40) and other fractions in FDCM were enriched by Medium Pressure Liquid Chromatography (MPLC). The pharmacodynamics was verified among all fractions in OVA-induced allergic asthma mice. Moreover, the drug dose dependence of FB-40 (0.42 mg/kg, 0.21 mg/kg, and 0.07 mg/kg), which were the most active fraction from FDCM for anti-allergic asthma, was explored. The expression of IL-6, p-STAT3, and STAT3 was analyzed by Western blot analysis. In addition, the main components of FB-40 were identified by UPLC with standards. Finally, the anti-inflammatory effects of the main components from FB-40 were detected by LPS-stimulated BEAS-2B cells using an Elisa assay. RESULTS: The results showed that FB-40 was the most active fraction from FDCM, which could significantly improve the lung tissue pathological condition, and decrease the number of inflammatory cells in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF). It had greater pharmacological activity than its main component PF. FB-40 also showed dose dependence and regulated the IL-6/STAT3 signaling pathway in allergic asthma mice. Besides, PF, Albiflorin (AF), PGG, EG, and 1,2,3,6-Tetra-O-galloyl-ß-D-glucose (TGG) from FB-40 were identified by UPLC with the standard. At last, in the LPS-induced BEAS-2B cell experiments, EG, PGG, 1,2,3,6-Tetra-O-galloyl-ß-D-glucose (TGG) showed stronger inhibiting activities of cytokine than the monoterpenoid glycosides (PF and AF). CONCLUSION: The research proved that FB-40 was an active fraction in FDCM, which regulates IL-6/STAT3 Signaling Pathway to ameliorate allergic asthma. Gallic acids including TGG and PGG, and EG also play a role in the treatment of allergic asthma in FB-40.


Assuntos
Antialérgicos , Asma , Animais , Camundongos , Antialérgicos/uso terapêutico , Asma/induzido quimicamente , Asma/tratamento farmacológico , Asma/patologia , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar , Glucose , Interleucina-6 , Lipopolissacarídeos , Cloreto de Metileno , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Ovalbumina , Transdução de Sinais
3.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 876820, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36386680

RESUMO

Duck plague virus (DPV) belongs to the alphaherpesvirinae and causes high morbidity and mortality in waterfowl. UL47 is a large abundant structural protein in DPV, which means that UL47 protein plays an important role in virus replication. US3 protein, as a viral protein kinase in alphaherpesviruses, has been reported to be critical for DPV virion assembly. In this study, we over-expressed UL47 and US3 proteins and found that DPV UL47 protein was a phosphorylated substrate of US3 protein, which interacted and co-localized with US3 protein in the cytoplasm. US3-regulated phosphorylation of UL47 was important for the cytoplasmic localization of UL47 because non-phosphorylated UL47 was localized in the nucleus. The six sites of UL47 at Thr29, Ser30, Ser42, Thr47, Ser161, and Thr775 were identified as the phosphorylation targets of US3 protein. In vivo, UL47 phosphorylation was also detected but not in ΔUS3-infected cells. US3 protein promoted the cytoplasmic localization of UL47 at the late stage of infection, and the lack of US3 protein caused a delay in UL47 translocation to the cytoplasm. These results enhance our understanding of the functions of US3 during DPV infection and provide some references for DPV assembly.

4.
J Org Chem ; 2022 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36395479

RESUMO

A unique ring C-expanded angucyclinone, oxemycin A (1), and seven new ring-cleavage derivatives (2-5 and 9-11) were isolated from the marine actinomycete Streptomyces pratensis KCB-132, together with eight known analogues (6-8 and 12-16). Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic analyses, single-crystal X-ray diffractions, and NMR and ECD calculations. Among these atypical angucyclinones, compound 1 represented the first seven-membered ketoester in the angucyclinone family, which sheds light on the origin of fragmented angucyclinones with C-ring cleavage at C-12/C-12a in the Baeyer-Villiger hypothesis, such as 2-4, while the related "nonoxidized" analogues 5-8 seem to originate from a diverse pathway within the Grob fragmentation hypothesis. Additionally, we have succeeded in the challenging separation of elmenols E and F (12) into their four stereoisomers, which remained stable in aprotic solvents but rapidly racemized under protic conditions. Furthermore, the absolute configurations of LS1924 and its isomers (14 and 15) were assigned by ECD calculations for the first time. Surprisingly, these two bicyclic acetals are susceptible to hydrolysis in solution, resulting in fragmented derivatives 17 and 18 with C-ring cleavage between C-6a and C-7. Compared with ring C-modified angucyclinones, ring A-cleaved 11 was more active to multiple resistant "ESKAPE" pathogens with MIC values ranging from 4.7 to 37.5 µg/mL.

5.
Front Vet Sci ; 9: 955366, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36406078

RESUMO

Bluetongue disease (BT) is a viral disease that can be introduced through imported animals and animal products, affecting local animal husbandry. In this study, the spatial and temporal patterns of BT outbreaks (outbreak: a BT infection in cattle, sheep, or goats on a farm, involving at least one infected animal) in France were analyzed and the risk of introducing bluetongue virus (BTV) into countries through trade was assessed. A spatiotemporal analysis of BT reported during the study period (2015-2018) showed that there were clustered outbreaks of BT in France in 2016 and 2017, with outbreaks concentrated from August to December. The outbreak moved eastward from the center of mainland France to surrounding countries. A semi-quantitative risk analysis framework was established by combining the likelihood assessment and consequence analysis of introducing BTV into trading countries through trade. Exemplified by China, the research showed that in the analysis of the likelihood of BTV from France being introduced into trading countries through live cattle trade, China imports a large number of live cattle, bringing high risks. The likelihood of introducing bovine semen into trading countries was similar to that of live cattle, but the harm caused by the trade in live cattle was higher than that caused by the trade in bovine semen. This risk analysis framework can provide a reference for other countries to quickly assess the risk of bluetongue transmission in import and export trade.

6.
Vet Res ; 53(1): 93, 2022 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36397147

RESUMO

An alphaherpesvirus carries dozens of viral proteins in the envelope, tegument and capsid structure, and each protein plays an indispensable role in virus adsorption, invasion, uncoating and release. After infecting the host, a virus eliminates unfavourable factors via multiple mechanisms to escape or suppress the attack of the host immune system. Post-translational modification of proteins, especially phosphorylation, regulates changes in protein conformation and biological activity through a series of complex mechanisms. Many viruses have evolved mechanisms to leverage host phosphorylation systems to regulate viral protein activity and establish a suitable cellular environment for efficient viral replication and virulence. In this paper, viral protein kinases and the regulation of viral protein function mediated via the phosphorylation of alphaherpesvirus proteins are described. In addition, this paper provides new ideas for further research into the role played by the post-translational modification of viral proteins in the virus life cycle, which will be helpful for understanding the mechanisms of viral infection of a host and may lead to new directions of antiviral treatment.


Assuntos
Alphaherpesvirinae , Animais , Fosforilação , Processamento de Proteína Pós-Traducional , Proteínas Virais/metabolismo , Replicação Viral
7.
J Biol Chem ; : 102699, 2022 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36379254

RESUMO

Unlike most flaviviruses transmitted by arthropods, Tembusu virus (TMUV) is still active during winter and causes outbreaks in some areas, indicating vector-independent spread of the virus. Gastrointestinal transmission might be one of the possible routes of vector-free transmission, which also means that the virus has to interact with more intestinal bacteria. Here, we found evidence that TMUV indeed can transmit through the digestive tract. Interestingly, using an established TMUV disease model by oral gavage combined with an antibiotic treatment, we revealed that a decrease in intestinal bacteria significantly reduced local TMUV proliferation in the intestine, revealing that the bacterial microbiome is important in TMUV infection. We found that lipopolysaccharide (LPS) present in the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria enhanced TMUV proliferation by promoting its attachment. Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), a cell surface receptor, can transmit signal from LPS. We confirmed co-localization of TLR4 with TMUV envelope (E) protein as well as their interaction in infected cells. Coherently, TMUV infection of susceptible cells was inhibited by an anti-TLR4 antibody, purified soluble TLR4 protein, and knockdown of TLR4 expression. LPS-enhanced TMUV proliferation could also be blocked by a TLR4 inhibitor. Meanwhile, pre-treatment of duck primary cells with TMUV significantly impaired LPS-induced IL6 production. Collectively, our study provides first insights into vector-free transmission mechanisms of flaviviruses.

8.
Epigenomics ; 2022 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36382497

RESUMO

miRNAs are a class of noncoding RNAs of approximately 19-22 nucleotides that are widely found in animals, plants, bacteria and even viruses. Dysregulation of the expression profile of miRNAs is importantly linked to the development of diseases. Epigenetic modifications regulate gene expression and control cellular phenotypes. Although miRNAs are used as an epigenetic regulation tool, the biogenesis of miRNAs is also regulated by epigenetic events. Here the authors review the mechanisms and roles of epigenetic modification (DNA methylation, histone modifications), RNA modification and ncRNAs in the biogenesis of miRNAs, aiming to deepen the understanding of the miRNA biogenesis regulatory network.


Genes are divided into coding genes and noncoding genes, and people have always focused on coding genes because coding genes guide the synthesis of proteins and proteins are the main bearers of life activities. However, the fact that such important coding genes occupy only 2% of the large human genome shows that noncoding genes are far more complex and important than we think. Through scientific exploration, it has been found that noncoding genes are an important part of gene expression regulation. The end products of noncoding genes, such as miRNAs, also have their own expression patterns at different stages of the body's development, and an imbalance in expression patterns often causes various diseases. There are multiple levels of gene expression regulation during noncoding RNAs biogenesis, and this paper fully reviews the role and the mechanisms of gene expression regulation in miRNA biogenesis. Familiarity with gene expression regulation in miRNA biogenesis is important to understand the mechanisms of dysregulation of miRNA expression profiles in diseases and the treatments employed.

9.
Microbiol Spectr ; : e0114022, 2022 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36377937

RESUMO

Duck plague caused by duck plague virus (DPV) is one of the main diseases that seriously endangers the production of waterfowl. DPV possesses a large genome consisting of 78 open reading frames (ORFs), and understanding the function and mechanism of each encoded protein in viral replication and pathogenesis is the key to controlling duck plague outbreaks. US1 is one of the two genes located in the repeat regions of the DPV genome, but the function of its encoded protein in DPV replication and pathogenesis remains unclear. Previous studies found that the US1 gene or its homologs exist in almost all alphaherpesviruses, but the loci, functions, and pathogenesis of their encoded proteins vary among different viruses. Here, we aimed to define the roles of US1 genes in DPV infection and pathogenesis by generating a double US1 gene deletion mutant and its revertant without any mini-F cassette retention. In vitro and in vivo studies found that deletion of both copies of the US1 gene significantly impaired the replication, gene expression, and virulence of DPV, which could represent a potential candidate vaccine strain for the prevention of duck plague. IMPORTANCE Duck plague virus contains nearly 80 genes, but the functions and mechanisms of most of the genes have not yet been elucidated, including those of the newly identified immediate early gene US1. Here, we found that US1 deletion reduces viral gene expression, replication, and virus production both in vitro and in vivo. This insight defines a fundamental role of the US1 gene in DPV infection and indicates its involvement in DPV transcription. These results provide clues for the study of the pathogenesis of the US1 gene and the development of attenuated vaccines targeting this gene.

10.
Phytother Res ; 2022 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36426741

RESUMO

Euphorbia pekinensis (EP) is a commonly used Chinese medicine treating edema with potential hepatorenal toxicity. However, its toxic mechanism and prevention are remained to be explored. Oleanolic acid (OA) is a triterpene acid with potential hepatorenal protective activities. We investigated the protective effect and potential mechanism of OA on EP-induced hepatorenal toxicity. In this study, rats were given total diterpenes from EP (TDEP, 16 mg/kg) combined with OA (10, 20, 40 mg/kg) by gavage for 4 weeks. The results showed that TDEP administration could lead to a 3-4-fold increasement in hepatorenal biochemical parameters with histopathological injuries, while OA treatment could ameliorate them in a dose-dependent manner. At microbial and metabolic levels, intestinal flora and host metabolism were perturbed after TDEP administration. The disturbance of bile acid metabolism was the most significant metabolic pathway, with secondary bile acids increasing while conjugated bile acids decreased. OA treatment can improve the disorder of intestinal flora and metabolic bile acid spectrum. Further correlation analysis screened out that Escherichia-Shigella, Phascolarctobacterium, Acetatifactor, and Akkermansia were closely related to the bile acid metabolic disorder. In conclusion, oleanolic acid could prevent hepatorenal toxicity induced by EP by regulating bile acids metabolic disorder via intestinal flora improvement.

11.
Heart Lung ; 57: 271-276, 2022 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36332351

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The disease burden of coronary heart disease patients in Tibet, China, ranks high in the country. Due to the local culture and environment, patients with coronary heart disease have increased risk factors for the disease, and their survival is worrisome. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between health literacy and quality of life for patients with coronary heart disease in Tibet, China, and to explore the mediating roles of self-efficacy and self-management. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted from August 2020 to July 2021 in Tibet. A total of 258 patients with coronary heart disease in Tibet participated. Self-reported questionnaires were used to assess health literacy, self-efficacy, self-management, and quality of life. Pearson correlation analysis and the SPSS PROCESS macro were used to analyze the data. RESULTS: The mean total score for the health literacy of patients with coronary heart disease in Tibet was 3.59 ± 0.80 points, showing the existence of a limited level of literacy. The quality of life was of an average level, with scores of 57.20 ± 21.70 points and 63.63 ± 20.66 points for physical and mental status, respectively. Self-efficacy and self-management mediated the relationship between health literacy and quality of life. CONCLUSIONS: Self-efficacy and self-management mediate the relationship between health literacy and quality of life. Targeted interventions for health literacy, self-efficacy, and self-management skills are important to improve the quality of life of Tibetan patients with coronary heart disease.

12.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 987613, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36274743

RESUMO

Salmonella enterica is a widespread foodborne pathogen with concerning antimicrobial resistance (AMR). Waterfowl are a major source of Salmonella transmission, but there are few systematic studies on Salmonella prevalence in waterfowl species. In this study, 126 Salmonella isolates (65 collected in 2018-2020 and 61 collected in 2002-2005) were obtained from waterfowl samples in Sichuan, China. Their serotypes, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) types, and phenotypic and genotypic AMR profiles were systematically examined. The isolates were distributed in 7 serotypes, including serovars Enteritidis (46.0%), Potsdam (27.8%), Montevideo (7.9%), Cerro (6.3%), Typhimurium (4.8%), Kottbus (4.0%) and Apeyeme (3.2%). Their PFGE characteristics were diverse; all isolates were distributed in four groups (cutoff value: 60.0%) and 20 clusters (cutoff value: 80.0%). Moreover, all isolates were multidrug resistant, and high rates of AMR to lincomycin (100.0%), rifampicin (100.0%), sulfadiazine (93.7%), erythromycin (89.7%), ciprofloxacin (81.0%), and gentamicin (75.4%) were observed. Finally, 49 isolates were subjected to whole-genome sequencing, and a wide variety of AMR genes were found, including multiple efflux pump genes and specific resistance genes. Interestingly, the tet(A)/tet(B) and catII resistance genes were detected in only isolates obtained in the first collection period, while the gyrA (S83F, D87N and D87G) and gyrB (E466D) mutations were detected at higher frequencies in the isolates obtained in the second collection period, supporting the findings that isolates from different periods exhibited different patterns of resistance to tetracycline, chloramphenicol and nalidixic acid. In addition, various incompatible plasmid replicon fragments were detected, including Col440I, Col440II, IncFIB, IncFII, IncX1, IncX9, IncI1-I and IncI2, which may contribute to the horizontal transmission of AMR genes and provide competitive advantages. In summary, we demonstrated that the Salmonella isolates prevalent in Sichuan waterfowl farms exhibited diverse serotypes, multiple AMR phenotypes and genotypes, and AMR changes over time, indicating their potential risks to public health.

13.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 969769, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36246244

RESUMO

With the large-scale use of antibiotics, antibiotic resistant bacteria (ARB) continue to rise, and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) are regarded as emerging environmental pollutants. The new tetracycline-class antibiotic, tigecycline is the last resort for treating multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria. Plasmid-mediated horizontal transfer enables the sharing of genetic information among different bacteria. The tigecycline resistance gene tet(X) threatens the efficacy of tigecycline, and the adjacent ISCR2 or IS26 are often detected upstream and downstream of the tet(X) gene, which may play a crucial driving role in the transmission of the tet(X) gene. Since the first discovery of the plasmid-mediated high-level tigecycline resistance gene tet(X4) in China in 2019, the tet(X) genes, especially tet(X4), have been reported within various reservoirs worldwide, such as ducks, geese, migratory birds, chickens, pigs, cattle, aquatic animals, agricultural field, meat, and humans. Further, our current researches also mentioned viruses as novel environmental reservoirs of antibiotic resistance, which will probably become a focus of studying the transmission of ARGs. Overall, this article mainly aims to discuss the current status of plasmid-mediated transmission of different tet(X) genes, in particular tet(X4), as environmental pollutants, which will risk to public health for the "One Health" concept.

14.
Microbiol Spectr ; 10(5): e0244922, 2022 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36214697

RESUMO

Tembusu virus (TMUV), an avian mosquito-borne flavivirus, was first identified from Culex tritaeniorhynchus in 1955. To validate the effects of the 3'-untranslated region (3'UTR) in viral host-specific adaptation, we generated a set of chimeric viruses using CQW1 (duck strain) and MM 1775 (mosquito strain) as backbones with heterogeneous 3'UTRs. Compared with rMM 1775, rMM-CQ3'UTR (recombinant MM 1775 virus carrying the 3'UTR of CQW1) exhibited enhanced proliferation in vitro, with peak titers increasing by 5-fold in duck embryonic fibroblast (DEF) cells or 12-fold in baby hamster kidney (BHK-21) cells; however, the neurovirulence of rMM-CQ3'UTR was attenuated in 14-day-old Kunming mice via intracranial injection, with slower weight loss, lower mortality, and reduced viral loads. In contrast, rCQ-MM3'UTR showed similar growth kinetics in vitro and neurovirulence in mice compared with those of rCQW1. Then, the Stem-loop I (SLI) structure, which showed the highest variation within the 3'UTR between CQW1 and MM 1775, was further chosen for making chimeric viruses. The peak titers of rMM-CQ3'UTRSLI displayed a 15- or 4-fold increase in vitro, and the neurovirulence in mice was attenuated, compared with that of rMM 1775; rCQ-MM3'UTRSLI displayed comparable multiplication ability in vitro but was significantly attenuated in mice, in contrast with rCQW1. In conclusion, we demonstrated that the TMUV SLI structure of the 3'UTR was responsible for viral host-specific adaptation of the mosquito-derived strain in DEF and BHK-21 cells and regulated viral pathogenicity in 14-day-old mice, providing a new understanding of the functions of TMUV 3'UTR in viral host switching and the pathogenicity changes in mice. IMPORTANCE Mosquito-borne flaviviruses (MBFVs) constitute a large number of mosquito-transmitted viruses. The 3'-untranslated region (3'UTR) of MBFV has been suggested to be relevant to viral host-specific adaptation. However, the evolutionary strategies for host-specific fitness among MBFV are different, and the virulence-related structures within the 3'UTR are largely unknown. Here, using Tembusu virus (TMUV), an avian MBFV as models, we observed that the duck-derived SLI of the 3'UTR significantly enhanced the proliferation ability of mosquito-derived TMUV in baby hamster kidney (BHK-21) and duck embryonic fibroblast (DEF) cells, suggesting that the SLI structure was crucial for viral host-specific adaptation of mosquito-derived TMUVs in mammalian and avian cells. In addition, all SLI mutant viruses exhibited reduced viral pathogenicity in mice, indicating that SLI structure was a key factor for the pathogenicity in mice. This study provides a new insight into the functions of the MBFV 3'UTR in viral host switching and pathogenicity changes in mice.


Assuntos
Culicidae , Infecções por Flavivirus , Flavivirus , Cricetinae , Camundongos , Animais , Virulência , Regiões 3' não Traduzidas , Patos , Flavivirus/genética , Mamíferos
15.
J Adv Nurs ; 2022 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36300715

RESUMO

AIM: To explore why young- and middle-aged adults ignore prodromal myocardial infarction symptoms from a life course and sociocultural perspective. DESIGN: A qualitative descriptive study. METHODS: We applied purposeful sampling to recruit participants from a tertiary hospital in Guangzhou from July to November 2021. Face-to-face interviews were performed. Interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim and analysed using thematic analysis methods. RESULTS: Twenty-four young- and middle-aged adults diagnosed with acute myocardial infarction participated in this study. Analysis revealed three main themes: I'm still young, it will not happen to me; to be somebody and different roles, multiple pressures. Age-related self-confidence led to inappropriate perceptions and responses to prodromal symptoms among young- and middle-aged adults. These individuals strived to align their behaviours and attention with social expectations and self-expectations, underestimating the importance of perceiving the warning signs of acute myocardial infarction and seeking medical treatment. Pressure from social roles also prevented them from paying enough attention to prodromal symptoms. CONCLUSION: Targeted social support, public education and technologies should be provided to these individuals since they are pillars of the family and society. We also highlight how nurses can function these strategies appropriately. IMPACTS: This study contributes to a better understanding of the neglect of prodromal symptoms among young- and middle-aged adults. Its results enhance our understanding of the perception of and coping with prodromal symptoms among this population, which will help avoid the burden caused by acute myocardial infarction. PATIENT OR PUBLIC CONTRIBUTION: The patients involved in our study shared their experiences and insights to provide new perspectives regarding the neglect of prodromal myocardial infarction symptoms among young- and middle-aged adults.

16.
CNS Neurosci Ther ; 2022 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36286186

RESUMO

AIMS: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of the depletion of SAM and SH3 domain-containing protein 1 (SASH1) on functional recovery after spinal cord injury (SCI) and to investigate the possible mechanism of SASH1 knockdown in astrocytes facilitating axonal growth. METHODS: SCI model was established in adult rats. SASH1 small interfering RNA (siSASH1) was used to investigate its function. Hindlimb motor function was evaluated by the Basso-Bresnahan-Beattie (BBB) assay. The gene expressions were evaluated by the methods of qRT-PCR, Western-blotting, ELISA, and immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: SASH1 knockdown improved the BBB scores after SCI and significantly reduced GFAP expression. In cultured spinal astrocytes, siSASH1 treatment decreased interferon-γ release and increased brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) release. When cocultured with SASH1-knockdown astrocytes, axonal growth increased. The neuronal tropomyosin receptor kinase B (BDNF receptor) expression increased, especially in the axonal tips. SASH1 expression increased while NSCs differentiated into glial cells, instead of neurons. After SASH1 depletion, differentiated NSCs maintained a higher level of Nestin protein and an increase in BDNF release. CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that SASH1 acts as an astrocytic differentiation-maintaining protein, and SASH1 downregulation limits glial activation and contributes toward functional recovery after SCI.

17.
Poult Sci ; 101(12): 102207, 2022 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36274437

RESUMO

Identification and analysis of the antimicrobial resistance of Pasteurella aerogenes (P. aerogenes) isolated from poultry. For susceptibility testing in accordance with the CLSI, plasmids were extracted via alkaline lysis and transferred by CaCl2 treatment. Genomic DNA of a representative P. aerogenes isolate was subjected to whole genome sequencing. CCCP was utilized to determine whether SF190908 contains an efflux pump. The blaVEB gene was ligated with the pET-28 plasmid and transferred to Escherichia coli to verify it as an ESBL gene. SF190908 isolated from poultry was identified as P. aerogenes based upon biochemical and 16s rRNA results. The isolate showed high MIC values for eight antimicrobials. Sequencing results showed that the mobile element-mediated antimicrobial resistance gene cluster conferred antimicrobial resistance on the strain, and a single 5,105-bp plasmid, designated pRCAD0752PA-1, was isolated. Four antimicrobial resistance gene clusters were identified in the SF190908 chromosome; one antimicrobial resistance gene cluster carried the blaVEB gene, which was verified as ESBL according to the CLSI and was detected in Pasteurellaceae for the first time, to the best of our knowledge. The efflux pump may confer antimicrobial resistance to SF190908. P. aerogenes isolated from poultry showed resistance genes encoded in mobile elements that confer multi-antimicrobial resistance to SF190908. The antimicrobial-resistant plasmid pRCAD0752PA-1 was isolated in SF190908 and conferred resistance to florfenicol. This study indicates an urgent need to increase efforts to monitor the spread of P. aerogenes multi-antimicrobial-resistant strains and plasmids, especially in newly discovered at-risk species such as poultry.

18.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol ; 10: 960694, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36110313

RESUMO

Hierarchical anisotropy structure directing 3D cellular orientation plays a crucial role in designing tendon tissue engineering scaffolds. Despite recent development of fabrication technologies for controlling cellular organization and design of scaffolds that mimic the anisotropic structure of native tendon tissue, improvement of tenogenic differentiation remains challenging. Herein, we present 3D aligned poly (ε-caprolactone) nanofiber yarns (NFYs) of varying diameter, fabricated using a dry-wet electrospinning approach, that integrate with nano- and micro-scale structure to mimic the hierarchical structure of collagen fascicles and fibers in native tendon tissue. These aligned NFYs exhibited good in vitro biocompatibility, and their ability to induce 3D cellular alignment and elongation of tendon stem/progenitor cells was demonstrated. Significantly, the aligned NFYs with a diameter of 50 µm were able to promote the tenogenic differentiation of tendon stem/progenitor cells due to the integration of aligned nanofibrous structure and suitable yarn diameter. Rat tendon repair results further showed that bundled NFYs encouraged tendon repair in vivo by inducing neo-collagen organization and orientation. These data suggest that electrospun bundled NFYs formed by aligned nanofibers can mimic the aligned hierarchical structure of native tendon tissue, highlighting their potential as a biomimetic multi-scale scaffold for tendon tissue regeneration.

19.
Explore (NY) ; 2022 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36068153

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Written words demonstrated specific effects on biochemical measures and cell growth in cultured mammalian cells in previous study. We examined the protection and reparative effects of Chinese texts with positive meaning and the word "Buddha" on oxidative-damaged cells, with the goal of exploring the therapeutic effect of such characters. METHODS: The human embryonic kidney cell line HEK293T was utilized, with the oxidative- damaged cell model produced by hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). Double-blind experiments were set up to ensure all operators involved in the experiments did not know the contents of the texts in envelopes. Petri-dishes (9 plates) containing oxidative-damaged cells were selected randomly for three controls, three treatments by texts with positive meaning, and another three treatment by the word "Buddha". Cells were sub-sampled at 3 h and 24 h to examine growth and mitochondrial functions. All data are expressed relative to the controls. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, mitochondrial functions were enhanced as evidenced by increased adenosine triphosphate (ATP) levels, accompanied by the significant improvement in cell growth rate for the groups treated by positive texts and the word "Buddha". Reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels were decreased significantly in positive texts treatment, which suggested that the antioxidant capacity of cells was also improved. CONCLUSIONS: This study revealed that certain texts can potentially offer protection and accelerate the cellular repair for oxidative-damaged cells.

20.
Front Immunol ; 13: 989298, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36119073

RESUMO

The heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoproteins (hnRNPs) are a diverse family of RNA binding proteins that are implicated in RNA metabolism, such as alternative splicing, mRNA stabilization and translational regulation. According to their different cellular localization, hnRNPs display multiple functions. Most hnRNPs were predominantly located in the nucleus, but some of them could redistribute to the cytoplasm during virus infection. HnRNPs consist of different domains and motifs that enable these proteins to recognize predetermined nucleotide sequences. In the virus-host interactions, hnRNPs specifically bind to viral RNA or proteins. And some of the viral protein-hnRNP interactions require the viral RNA or other host factors as the intermediate. Through various mechanisms, hnRNPs could regulate viral translation, viral genome replication, the switch of translation to replication and virion release. This review highlights the common features and the distinguish roles of hnRNPs in the life cycle of positive single-stranded RNA viruses.


Assuntos
Ribonucleoproteínas Nucleares Heterogêneas , Vírus de RNA de Cadeia Positiva , Animais , Ribonucleoproteínas Nucleares Heterogêneas/genética , Ribonucleoproteínas Nucleares Heterogêneas/metabolismo , Estágios do Ciclo de Vida , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , RNA Viral/genética , RNA Viral/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA , Proteínas Virais/metabolismo
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