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1.
Gene ; : 148753, 2024 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38972556

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transgenic insect-resistant rice offers an environmentally friendly approach to mitigate yield losses caused by lepidopteran pests, such as stem borers. Bt (Bacillus thuringiensis) genes encode insecticidal proteins and are widely used to confer insect resistance to genetically modified crops. This study investigated the integration, inheritance, and expression characteristics of codon-optimised synthetic Bt genes, cry1C* and cry2A*, in transgenic early japonica rice lines. METHODS: The early japonica rice cultivar, Songgeng 9 (Oryza sativa), was transformed with cry1C* or cry2A*, which are driven by the ubi promoter via Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation. Molecular analyses, including quantitative PCR (qPCR), enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and Southern blot analysis were performed to confirm transgene integration, inheritance, transcriptional levels, and protein expression patterns across different tissues and developmental stages. RESULTS: Stable transgenic early japonica lines exhibiting single-copy transgene integration were established. Transcriptional analysis revealed variations in Bt gene expression among lines, tissues, and growth stages, with higher expression levels observed in leaves than in other organs. Notably, cry2A* exhibited consistently higher mRNA and protein levels than cry1C* across all examined tissues and developmental time points. Bt protein accumulation followed the trend of leaves > stem sheaths > young panicles > brown rice, with peak expression during the filling stage in the vegetative tissues. CONCLUSIONS: Synthetic cry2A* displayed markedly elevated transcription and translation compared to cry1C* in the transgenic early japonica rice lines examined. Distinct spatiotemporal patterns of Bt gene expression were elucidated, providing insights into the potential insect resistance conferred by these genes in rice. These findings will contribute to the development of insect-resistant japonica rice varieties and facilitate the rational deployment of Bt crops.

2.
Hum Brain Mapp ; 45(10): e26772, 2024 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38962966

RESUMO

Humans naturally integrate signals from the olfactory and intranasal trigeminal systems. A tight interplay has been demonstrated between these two systems, and yet the neural circuitry mediating olfactory-trigeminal (OT) integration remains poorly understood. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), combined with psychophysics, this study investigated the neural mechanisms underlying OT integration. Fifteen participants with normal olfactory function performed a localization task with air-puff stimuli, phenylethyl alcohol (PEA; rose odor), or a combination thereof while being scanned. The ability to localize PEA to either nostril was at chance. Yet, its presence significantly improved the localization accuracy of weak, but not strong, air-puffs, when both stimuli were delivered concurrently to the same nostril, but not when different nostrils received the two stimuli. This enhancement in localization accuracy, exemplifying the principles of spatial coincidence and inverse effectiveness in multisensory integration, was associated with multisensory integrative activity in the primary olfactory (POC), orbitofrontal (OFC), superior temporal (STC), inferior parietal (IPC) and cingulate cortices, and in the cerebellum. Multisensory enhancement in most of these regions correlated with behavioral multisensory enhancement, as did increases in connectivity between some of these regions. We interpret these findings as indicating that the POC is part of a distributed brain network mediating integration between the olfactory and trigeminal systems. PRACTITIONER POINTS: Psychophysical and neuroimaging study of olfactory-trigeminal (OT) integration. Behavior, cortical activity, and network connectivity show OT integration. OT integration obeys principles of inverse effectiveness and spatial coincidence. Behavioral and neural measures of OT integration are correlated.


Assuntos
Mapeamento Encefálico , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Córtex Olfatório , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Córtex Olfatório/fisiologia , Córtex Olfatório/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto Jovem , Percepção Olfatória/fisiologia , Álcool Feniletílico , Psicofísica , Nervo Trigêmeo/fisiologia , Nervo Trigêmeo/diagnóstico por imagem , Odorantes
3.
Theor Appl Genet ; 137(8): 178, 2024 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38976061

RESUMO

KEY MESSAGE: Three QTLs associated with low-temperature tolerance were identified by genome-wide association analysis, and 15 candidate genes were identified by haplotype analysis and gene expression analyses. Low temperature is a critical factor affecting the geographical distribution, growth, development, and yield of soybeans, with cold stress during seed germination leading to substantial productivity loss. In this study, an association panel comprising 260 soybean accessions was evaluated for four germination traits and four cold tolerance index traits, revealing extensive variation in cold tolerance. Genome-wide association study (GWAS) identified 10 quantitative trait nucleotides (QTNs) associated with cold tolerance, utilizing 30,799 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and four GWAS models. Linkage disequilibrium (LD) analysis positioned these QTNs within three cold-tolerance quantitative trait loci (QTL) and, with QTL19-1, was positioned by three multi-locus models, underscoring its importance as a key QTL. Integrative haplotype analysis, supplemented by transcriptome analysis, uncovered 15 candidate genes. The haplotypes within the genes Glyma.18G044200, Glyma.18G044300, Glyma.18G044900, Glyma.18G045100, Glyma.19G222500, and Glyma.19G222600 exhibited significant phenotypic variations, with differential expression in materials with varying cold tolerance. The QTNs and candidate genes identified in this study offer substantial potential for marker-assisted selection and gene editing in breeding cold-tolerant soybeans, providing valuable insights into the genetic mechanisms underlying cold tolerance during soybean germination.


Assuntos
Temperatura Baixa , Germinação , Glycine max , Haplótipos , Desequilíbrio de Ligação , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Locos de Características Quantitativas , Glycine max/genética , Glycine max/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Germinação/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Fenótipo , Estudos de Associação Genética , Mapeamento Cromossômico/métodos , Genes de Plantas
4.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 19(1): 407, 2024 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38951893

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In patients with unprotected left main coronary artery disease (ULMCAD), this study compared the long-term prognosis of drug-eluting stent insertion guided by intravascular ultrasonography (IVUS) vs. angiography. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This retrospective consort investigation was performed in December 2021. This analysis included 199 patients who underwent IVUS-guided (IVUS group, n = 81) or angiography-guided (angiography group, n = 118) drug-eluting stent implantation at the Affiliated Hospital of Inner Mongolia Medical University between September 2013 and September 2018. Major adverse cardiac events (MACE) were defined as cardiovascular death, sudden cardiac death, myocardial infarction. RESULTS: The IVUS group had considerably lower proportions of MACE within 1 year postoperatively (P = 0.002) and cardiac mortality within 3 years postoperatively (P = 0.018) compared to the angiography group. However, after adjusting for confounding variables, the hazard ratio for 3-year cardiac mortality was similar between the two groups (P = 0.28). In the IVUS group, there was considerably greater minimum lumen diameter (MLD) (P = 0.046), and reduced frequencies of target vessel restenosis (P < 0.050) and myocardial infarction (MI) (P = 0.024) compared to the angiography group. Cox regression analysis for 3-year cardiac mortality found that MSD was independently associated with low cardiac mortality (HR = 0.1, 95% CI: 0.01-14.92, P = 0.030). CONCLUSION: IVUS-guided drug-eluting stent implantation may lead to better long-term prognosis in patients with ULMCAD, and MSD may be a predictor for lower cardiac mortality.


Assuntos
Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Stents Farmacológicos , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 16072, 2024 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38992076

RESUMO

Aiming at the problem of zero sequence voltage generated by unbalance parameters of line to ground, which affects arc suppression effect of grounding fault of controllable voltage source. By analyzing the influence of ground unbalance parameters on the arc suppression effect of controllable voltage source under different grounding modes, the mechanism of full compensation arc suppression based on zero sequence voltage of neutral point is revealed, and on this basis, a fully compensated arc suppression model of controllable voltage source controlled by double closed loop PI is established, and the deviation control is carried out by using the neutral voltage of distribution network and the voltage of fault phase supply. The residual voltage ring adopts the ground fault phase residual voltage for closed loop control. The simulation results show that the dual-closed-loop PI control algorithm can continuously stabilize the output waveform of the controllable voltage source. When the transition resistance is 0.1 ~ 10 kΩ, the residual voltage stabilization time of the independent controllable voltage source grounding method is 43 ms ~ 2.4 s, and the parallel arc suppression coil grounding method is 43 ms ~ 4.7 s. The proposed dual closed-loop PI control method for neutral point voltage deviation and fault residual voltage can stabilize the residual voltage of the grounded fault phase to below 10 V, forcing reliable arc extinction at the grounded fault point, exhibiting good stability. Low-voltage simulation tests have also proved the feasibility of the algorithm.

6.
Aquat Toxicol ; 273: 107015, 2024 Jun 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38996482

RESUMO

Nitrite, a highly toxic environmental contaminant, induces various physiological toxicities in aquatic animals. Herein, we investigate the in vivo effects of nitrite exposure at concentrations of 0, 0.2, 2, and 20 mg/L on glucose and lipid metabolism in zebrafish. Our results showed that exposure to nitrite induced mitochondrial oxidative stress in zebrafish liver and ZFL cells, which were evidenced by increased levels of malondialdehyde (MDA) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) as well as decreased mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) and adenosine triphosphate (ATP). Changes in these oxidative stress markers were accompanied by alterations in the expression levels of genes involved in HIF-1α pathway (hif1α and phd), which subsequently led to the upregulation of glycolysis and gluconeogenesis-related genes (gk, pklr, pdk1, pepck, g6pca, ppp1r3cb, pgm1, gys1 and gys2), resulting in disrupted glucose metabolism. Moreover, nitrite exposure activated ERs (Endoplasmic Reticulum stress) responses through upregulating of genes (atf6, ern1 and xbp1s), leading to increased expression of lipolysis genes (pparα, cpt1aa and atgl) and decreased expression of lipid synthesis genes (srebf1, srebf2, fasn, acaca, scd, hmgcra and hmgcs1). These results were also in consistent with the observed changes in glycogen, lactate and decreased total triglyceride (TG) and total cholesterol (TC) in the liver of zebrafish. Our in vitro results showed that co-treatment with Mito-TEMPO and nitrite attenuated nitrite-induced oxidative stress and improved mitochondrial function, which were indicated by the restorations of ROS, MMP, ATP production, and glucose-related gene expression recovered. Co-treatment of TUDCA and nitrite prevented nitrite-induced ERs response and which was proved by the levels of TG and TC ameliorated as well as the expression levels of lipid metabolism-related genes. In conclusion, our study suggested that nitrite exposure disrupted hepatic glucose and lipid metabolism through mitochondrial dysfunction and ERs responses. These findings contribute to the understanding of the potential hepatotoxicity for aquatic animals in the presence of ambient nitrite.

7.
Ecol Evol ; 14(7): e11653, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38983705

RESUMO

Cirsium japonicum contains a variety of medicinal components with good clinical efficacy. With the rapid changes in global climate, it is increasingly important to study the distribution of species habitats and the factors influencing their adaptability. Utilizing the MaxEnt model, we forecasted the present and future distribution regions of suitable habitats for C. japonicum under various climate scenarios. The outcome showed that under the current climate, the total suitable area of C. japonicum is 2,303,624 km2 and the highly suitable area is 79,117 km2. The distribution of C. japonicum is significantly influenced by key environmental factors such as temperature annual range, precipitation of the driest month, and precipitation of the wettest month. In light of future climate change, the suitable habitat for C. japonicum is anticipated to progressively relocate toward the western and northern regions, leading to an expansion in the total suitable area. These findings offer valuable insights into the conservation, sustainable utilization, and standardized cultivation of wild C. japonicum resources.

8.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 15956, 2024 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38987349

RESUMO

With global warming, heat stress has become an important factor that seriously affects crop yield and quality. Therefore, understanding plant responses to heat stress is important for agricultural practice, but the molecular mechanism of high-temperature tolerance in garlic remains unclear. In this study, 'Xusuan No. 6' was used as the experimental material. After heat stress for 0 (CK), 2 and 24 h, transcriptome sequencing was used to screen metabolic pathways and differentially expressed genes (DEGs) closely related to heat stress and was further verified by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). A total of 86,110 unigenes obtained from the raw transcriptome sequencing data were spliced. After 2 h of heat treatment, the expression levels of 8898 genes increased, and 3829 genes were decreased in leaves. After 24 h, the expression levels of 7167 genes were upregulated, and 3176 genes were downregulated. Gene Ontology enrichment analysis showed that DEGs were mainly enriched in seven categories: cellular processes, metabolic processes, binging, catalytic activity, cellular anatomical entity and protein-containing complex response to stimulus. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway enrichment showed that DEGs are involved in protein processing in the endoplasmic reticulum, plant hormone signal transduction, phenylpropanoid biosynthesis, and photosynthetic antenna proteins. Six genes were selected and further verified by qRT-PCR. In this study, the full-length transcriptome of garlic was constructed, and the regulatory genes related to the heat resistance of garlic were studied. Taken together, these findings can provide a theoretical basis for the cloning of heat resistance genes in garlic and for the analysis of heat resistance mechanisms.


Assuntos
Alho , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Resposta ao Choque Térmico , Transcriptoma , Alho/genética , Alho/metabolismo , Resposta ao Choque Térmico/genética , Ontologia Genética , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo
9.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202407135, 2024 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39018249

RESUMO

Herein we report on circularly polarized luminescence (CPL) emission originating from supramolecular chirality of organic microcrystals with a |glum| value up to 0.11. The microcrystals were prepared from highly emissive difluoroboron ß-diketonate (BF2dbk) dyes R-1 or S-1 with chiral binaphthol (BINOL) skeletons. R-1 and S-1 exhibit undetectable CPL signals in solution but manifest intense CPL emission in their chiral microcrystals. The chiral superstructures induced by BINOL skeletons were confirmed by XRD analysis. Spectral analysis and theoretical calculations indicate that intermolecular electronic coupling, mediated by the asymmetric stacking in the chiral superstructures, effectively alters excited-state electronic structures and facilitates electron transitions perpendicular to BF2bdk planes. The coupling increases cosθµ,m from 0.05 (monomer) to 0.86 (tetramer) and triggers intense optical activity of BF2bdk. The results demonstrate that optical activity of chromophores within assemblies can be regulated by both orientation and extent of intermolecular electronic couplings.

10.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 177: 117112, 2024 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39018869

RESUMO

Ferroptosis is a novel form of cell demise characterized primarily by the reduction of trivalent iron to divalent iron, leading to the release of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and consequent induction of intense oxidative stress. In atherosclerosis (AS), highly accumulated lipids are modified by ROS to promote the formation of lipid peroxides, further amplifying cellular oxidative stress damage to influence all stages of atherosclerotic development. Macrophages are regarded as pivotal executors in the progression of AS and the handling of iron, thus targeting macrophage iron metabolism holds significant guiding implications for exploring potential therapeutic strategies against AS. In this comprehensive review, we elucidate the potential interplay among iron overload, inflammation, and lipid dysregulation, summarizing the potential mechanisms underlying the suppression of AS by alleviating iron overload. Furthermore, the application of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) is increasingly widespread. Based on extant research and the pharmacological foundations of active compounds of TCM, we propose alternative therapeutic agents for AS in the context of iron overload, aiming to diversify the therapeutic avenues.

11.
Cell Biochem Biophys ; 2024 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39031247

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) presents significant challenges in treatment and prognosis because of its aggressive nature and high metastatic potential. This study aims to investigate the role of the hexosamine biosynthesis pathway (HBP) and its association with HCC progression and prognosis. We identified SPP1 and FOXM1 as hub genes within the HBP pathway, showing their correlation with poor prognosis and late-stage progression. In addition, the analysis uncovered the complex participation of the HBP pathway in nutrients and oxygen reactions, PI3K-AKT signaling, AMPK activation, and angiogenesis regulation. The disruption of these pathways is pivotal in influencing the growth and progression of HCC. Targeting the HBP presents a promising therapeutic approach to modulate the tumor microenvironment, thereby enhancing the efficacy of immunotherapy. In addition, FOXM1 was identified as the HBP pathway regulator, influencing cellular O-GlcNAcylation level and VEGF secretion, thereby promoting angiogenesis in HCC. Inhibition of O-GlcNAcylation significantly hindered angiogenesis, which is suggested as a potential avenue for therapeutic intervention. Our research demonstrates the practicality of using the HBP-related gene as a prognostic marker in liver cancer patients and suggests targeting FOXM1 as a novel avenue for personalized therapy.

12.
Neurosci Biobehav Rev ; : 105817, 2024 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39032844

RESUMO

Despite numerous studies have explored the association between sleep duration and cognition, the link between sleep duration trajectories and cognition remains underexplored. This systematic review aims to elucidate this correlation. We analyzed 55 studies from 14 countries, comprising 36 studies focusing on sleep duration, 20 on insomnia, and 13 on hypersomnia. A total of 10,767,085 participants were included in 49 cohort studies with a mean follow-up duration of 9.1 years. A non-linear association between sleep duration and cognitive decline was identified. Both long (risk ratio (RR):1.35, 95% confidence intervals (CIs):1.23-1.48) and short sleep durations (RR: 1.12, 95% CIs:1.03-1.22) were associated with an elevated risk of cognitive decline compared to moderate sleep duration. Additionally, hypersomnia (RR:1.26, 95% CIs: 1.15-1.39) and insomnia (RR: 1.16, 95% CIs: 1.002-1.34) were also linked to an increased risk. Moreover, prolonged sleep duration posed a higher risk of cognitive decline than stable sleep duration (RR:1.42, 95% CIs:1.27-1.59). Importantly, transitioning from short or moderate to long sleep duration, as well as persistent long sleep duration, exhibited higher RRs for cognitive decline (RRs: 1.94, 1.40, and 1.28, respectively) compared to persistent moderate sleep duration. Our findings underscore the significance of prolonged sleep duration, alongside short and long sleep durations, with an elevated risk of cognitive decline. The association is tied to the degree of sleep duration changes. Our study highlights the importance of considering changes in sleep patterns over time, not just static sleep durations.

13.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2024 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39030309

RESUMO

Recombinant human type 5 adenovirus (H101) is an oncolytic virus used to treat nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Owing to the deletion of the E1B-55kD and E3 regions, H101 is believed to selectively inhibit nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Whether H101 inhibits other type of tumors via different mechanisms remains unclear. In this study we investigated the effects of H101 on melanomas. We established B16F10 melanoma xenograft mouse model, and treated the mice with H101 (1 × 108 TCID50) via intratumoral injection for five consecutive days. We found that H101 treatment significantly inhibited B16F10 melanoma growth in the mice. H101 treatment significantly increased the infiltration of CD8+ T cells and reduced the proportion of M2-type macrophages. We demonstrated that H101 exhibited low cytotoxicity against B16F10 cells, but the endothelial cells were more sensitive to H101 treatment. H101 induced endothelial cell pyroptosis in a caspase-1/GSDMD-dependent manner. Furthermore, we showed that the combination of H101 with the immune checkpoint inhibitor PD-L1 antibody (10 mg/kg, i.p., every three days for three times) exerted synergic suppression on B16F10 tumor growth in the mice. This study demonstrates that, in addition to oncolysis, H101 inhibits melanoma growth by promoting anti-tumor immunity and inducing pyroptosis of vascular endothelial cells.

14.
PLoS One ; 19(7): e0306399, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39024215

RESUMO

Research shows that one in five children will experience a concussion by age 16. Compared to adults, children experience longer and more severe postconcussive symptoms (PCS), with severity and duration varying considerably among children and complicating management of these patients. Persistent PCS can result in increased school absenteeism, social isolation, and psychological distress. Although early PCS diagnosis and access to evidence-based interventions are strongly linked to positive health and academic outcomes, symptom severity and duration are not fully explained by acute post-injury symptoms. Prior research has focused on the role of neuroinflammation in mediating PCS and associated fatigue; however relationship between inflammatory biomarkers and PCS severity, has not examined longitudinally. To identify which children are at high risk for persistent PCS and poor health, academic, and social outcomes, research tracking PCS trajectories and describing school-based impacts across the entire first year postinjury is critically needed. This study will 1) define novel PCS trajectory typologies in a racially/ethnically diverse population of 500 children with concussion (11-17 years, near equal distribution by sex), 2) identify associations between these typologies and patterns of inflammatory biomarkers and genetic variants, 3) develop a risk stratification model to identify children at risk for persistent PCS; and 4) gain unique insights and describe PCS impact, including fatigue, on longer-term academic and social outcomes. We will be the first to use NIH's symptom science model and patient-reported outcomes to explore the patterns of fatigue and other physical, cognitive, psychological, emotional and academic responses to concussion in children over a full year. Our model will enable clinicians and educators to identify children most at risk for poor long-term health, social, and academic outcomes after concussion. This work is critical to meeting our long-term goal of developing personalized concussion symptom-management strategies to improve outcomes and reduce disparities in the health and quality of life of children.


Assuntos
Concussão Encefálica , Síndrome Pós-Concussão , Humanos , Criança , Adolescente , Masculino , Síndrome Pós-Concussão/diagnóstico , Feminino , Biomarcadores , Medição de Risco
15.
PLoS One ; 19(7): e0307061, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39024229

RESUMO

China's poultry industry faces challenges in adopting and sustaining cage-free systems for poultry production. Effective interventions are crucial to support producers transitioning from cages to alternative systems or maintaining cage-free systems to improve animal welfare. However, little is known about how Chinese poultry producers perceive animal welfare in relation to cage-free systems and the importance of animal welfare in poultry production. Through a qualitative interview study with 30 Chinese farm owners, managers and senior managers from large-scale egg and broiler farms using cages and non-cage systems (collectively referred to as "producers"), this paper explores Chinese poultry producers' attitudes and perceptions regarding animal welfare and welfare in different poultry housing systems. Template analysis was used to analyse the data from semi-structured interviews, which generated themes related to the participants' awareness and understanding of the concept of animal welfare, the factors that impacted their choices of different housing systems, and the perceived priorities in poultry production. The responses revealed that the participating producers had a strong awareness and knowledge of animal welfare. However, the participants' understanding of the term is heterogeneous: generally, egg producers emphasised natural behaviours, whereas broiler producers prioritised health and productivity. Nevertheless, profitability, leadership, and organisational policies primarily influenced housing system choices rather than animal welfare values. Economic motives drove egg producers towards cage-free systems, prompted by consumers' and companies' demand for cage-free eggs committed to transitioning away from cages by 2025. In conclusion, tailored interventions for different poultry sectors within China are necessary. While animal welfare values matter, economic incentives seem more promising for steering the shift towards and maintaining cage-free poultry production.


Assuntos
Criação de Animais Domésticos , Bem-Estar do Animal , Aves Domésticas , Animais , China , Criação de Animais Domésticos/métodos , Humanos , Atitude , Feminino , Abrigo para Animais , Galinhas , Masculino , Fazendeiros/psicologia , Percepção , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
16.
Nanoscale ; 2024 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39011579

RESUMO

Near-infrared (NIR) light-induced photothermal effect is beneficial for accelerating catalytic processes; thus, it is imperative to develop novel photothermal catalysts for promoting practical application. Herein, we synthesized NIR-responsive Cu2O/WO2 Ohmic contact photothermal catalysts through a facile ethylene glycol-assisted liquid-phase reduction method. In this photothermal catalyst, a new-type NIR-responsive Cu2O semiconductor is integrated with an NIR-responsive WO2 semimetal component to form an Ohmic contact, which is more beneficial for simultaneously promoting photocharge separation and enhancing NIR light absorption for a high-efficiency photothermal effect. As expected, the Cu2O/WO2 composite displays higher NIR light-driven photothermal catalytic performance for tetracycline removal from wastewater. Various characterization methods and density functional theory calculations were performed to obtain in-depth mechanistic insights into the NIR light-driven Cu2O/WO2 Ohmic contact photothermal catalysts. Hopefully, this research could provide a useful guideline for researchers focusing on the photothermal engineering of new composite photocatalysts.

17.
Ren Fail ; 46(2): 2369701, 2024 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38952279

RESUMO

AIMS: This study aimed to investigate the correlations between estimated small dense low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (esd-LDL-c) and the development of end-stage kidney disease (ESKD), cardiovascular mortality, and all-cause mortality in individuals with diabetic kidney disease (DKD) or diabetes mellitus (DM) concomitant chronic kidney disease (CKD). METHODS: We analyzed the data from a biopsy-proven DKD cohort conducted at West China Hospital of Sichuan University between 2009 and 2021 (the DKD cohort) and participants with DM and CKD in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2011-2014 (the NHANES DM-CKD cohort). Cox regression analysis was also used to estimate associations between esd-LDL-c and the incidence of ESKD, cardiovascular mortality, and all-cause mortality. RESULTS: There were 175 ESKD events among 338 participants in the DKD cohort. Patients were divided into three groups based on esd-LDL-c tertiles (T1 < 33.7 mg/dL, T2 ≥ 33.7 mg/dL to <45.9 mg/dL, T3 ≥ 45.9 mg/dL). The highest tertile of esd-LDL-c was associated with ESKD (adjusted HR 2.016, 95% CI 1.144-3.554, p = .015). Furthermore, there were 99 deaths (39 cardiovascular) among 293 participants in the NHANES DM-CKD cohort. Participants were classified into three groups in line with the tertile values of esd-LDL-c in the DKD cohort. The highest tertile of esd-LDL-c was associated with cardiovascular mortality (adjusted HR 3.95, 95% CI 1.3-12, p = .016) and all-cause mortality (adjusted HR 2.37, 95% CI 1.06-5.32, p = .036). CONCLUSIONS: Higher esd-LDL-c was associated with increased risk of ESKD in people with biopsy-proven DKD, and higher cardiovascular and all-cause mortality risk among those with DM-CKD.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , LDL-Colesterol , Nefropatias Diabéticas , Falência Renal Crônica , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nefropatias Diabéticas/complicações , Nefropatias Diabéticas/mortalidade , Nefropatias Diabéticas/sangue , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Falência Renal Crônica/complicações , Falência Renal Crônica/mortalidade , Falência Renal Crônica/sangue , China/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Fatores de Risco , Idoso , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Adulto , Incidência , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/complicações , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/sangue
18.
PLoS One ; 19(7): e0299815, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38985800

RESUMO

Ciliated protozoa (ciliates) are an ecologically important group of microeukaryotes that play roles in the flow of energy and nutrients in aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. The community distribution and diversity of soil ciliates in the Nianchu River Basin were investigated by sampling four major habitats, i.e., grassland, farmland, wetland and sea buckthorn forest during May, August and October 2020. Cultivation identification and enumeration of soil ciliates were performed by the non-submerged culture method, in vivo observations and protargol silver staining, and direct counting methods, respectively. A total of 199 species were identified representing, 89 genera, 67 families, 31 orders and 11 classes. Haptorida was the dominant group with 35 species, accounting for 17.59% of the total. The results showed that the α and ß diversity indices of soil ciliate communities in the Nianchu River Basin varied significantly in spatial distribution, but not in temporal distribution. Mantel test showed that soil water content, total nitrogen and organic matter were significantly correlated with soil ciliates. Soil water content was the main environmental factor driving the spatial distribution of soil ciliates. Co-occurrence network analysis showed that soil ciliate species in the Nianchu River Basin depend on each other in the relationship of solidarity and cooperation or ecological complementarity. Thus maintaining or enhancing the diversity and stability of the community. Community assembly shows that randomness process was an important ecological process driving soil ciliate community construction in the Nianchu River Basin.


Assuntos
Cilióforos , Rios , Solo , Solo/química , Solo/parasitologia , Rios/parasitologia , China , Água/parasitologia , Ecossistema , Biodiversidade , Tibet
19.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 11: 1373097, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38988668

RESUMO

Objective: To identify the correlation between thrombosis and atherosclerosis in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients with antiphospholipid antibodies (aPLs) (SLE/aPLs) through high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (HR-MRI) of the carotid artery. Methods: A single-center, cross-sectional study was conducted. We collected consecutive patients with SLE/aPLs and healthy controls who underwent carotid HR-MRI examinations. The morphometric characteristics of the common carotid artery (CCA), internal carotid artery (ICA), external carotid artery (ECA), and carotid bulb (Sinus) were measured, and the differences in morphometric parameters between different groups were analyzed. Results: A total of 144 carotid arteries were analyzed. Compared with the control group, the wall area, wall thickness (WT and WTmax), and normalized wall index of CCA, ICA, ECA, and Sinus were increased in patients with SLE/aPLs, and the total vascular area (TVA) of CCA, ICA, and Sinus, and the bifurcation angle (BIFA) of ICA-ECA were also increased. A negative lupus anticoagulant (LAC) (with or without positive anticardiolipin antibody (aCL) or anti-ß2glycoprotein antibody (aß2GPI)) contributed to illustrating lower increased TVA and thickened vessel walls of CCA and ICA in SLE/aPLs patients without thrombotic events. Logistic regression analysis showed that WTmaxSinus and WTmaxGlobal were independent risk factors for thrombotic events in SLE/aPLs patients. The receiver operator characteristic curve showed that the cut-off value of WTmaxSinus was 2.855 mm, and WTmaxGlobal was 3.370 mm. Conclusion: HR-MRI ensures the complete and accurate measurement of carotid morphometric parameters. Compared with the control group, the carotid artery in patients with SLE/aPLs is mainly characterized by diffusely thickened vessel walls, and the patients with thrombotic events showed additional higher vascular area of CCA and ICA, and BIFA of ICA-ECA without significant change in lumen area. The carotid arteries of SLE/aPLs patients with thrombotic events exhibited significant vessel wall thickening in all segments except ECA compared to those without thrombotic events. LAC-negative and non-thrombotic events distinguish relatively early atherosclerosis in the carotid arteries in patients with SLE/aPLs. Patients with SLE/aPLs that possess circumscribed thickened carotid vessel walls (>3.370 mm), particularly thickened at the Sinus (>2.855 mm), may require management strategies for the risk of thrombotic events.

20.
Plant Commun ; : 101038, 2024 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38993115

RESUMO

Comparative metabolomics plays a crucial role in investigating gene function, exploring metabolite evolution, and accelerating crop genetic improvement. However, a systematic platform for comparing intra- and cross-species metabolites is currently lacking. Here, we report the Plant Comparative Metabolome Database (PCMD; http://yanglab.hzau.edu.cn/PCMD), a multilevel comparison database based on predicted metabolic profiles in 530 plant species. PCMD serves as a platform for comparing metabolite characteristics at various levels, including species, metabolites, pathways, and biological taxonomy. The database also provides a series of user-friendly online tools, such as Species-comparison, Metabolites-enrichment, and ID conversion, enabling users to perform comparisons and enrichment analyses of metabolites across different species. In addition, PCMD establishes a unified system based on existing metabolite-related databases by standardizing metabolite numbering. PCMD is the most species-rich comparative plant metabolomics database currently available, and a case study demonstrated its capability to provide new insights into understanding plant metabolic diversity.

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