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1.
Food Microbiol ; 109: 104151, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36309448

RESUMO

We investigated the function of pyoverdine in the biofilm formation, motility, and spoilage potential of Pseudomonas fluorescens. We targeted and identified two major genes (pvdA and pvdE) that are involved in the biosynthesis of siderophores. We next constructed ΔpvdA and ΔpvdE mutants of P. fluorescens PF08 and found that the deletion of pyoverdine led to a biofilm-to-motivity transition as both ΔpvdA and ΔpvdE mutants displayed enhanced motility, reduced level of exopolysaccharides (EPSs), and attenuated biofilm formation. In addition, the lack of synthesis of pyoverdine promoted the spoilage of fish fillets stored at 4 °C. Based on the effect of pyoverdine deletion on the phenotype; we report that pyoverdine regulates the transcription levels of htpX, phoA, flip, flgA, and RpoS, suggesting that pyoverdine-mediated iron absorption may affect the regulation of flagellum and stress resistance. This study emphasizes the important role of pyoverdine in the formation of biofilm, motility, and spoilage of P. fluorescens PF08.


Assuntos
Pseudomonas fluorescens , Sideróforos , Animais , Pseudomonas fluorescens/genética , Biofilmes
2.
Chemosphere ; 311(Pt 1): 136823, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36241114

RESUMO

Exploring the factors that simultaneously increase the accumulation of various pollutants in cells of organisms to restrict the toxic effects of pollutants on organisms has become a focus of research aimed at protecting ecosystems. Here, we found that the accumulation of organic [e.g., benzo(a)pyrene (BaP)], inorganic [e.g., cadmium (Cd)] and emerging [e.g., rare earth elements (REEs)] pollutants in leaf cells of different plants grown in Nanjing was 567-1022%, 547-922% and 972-1392% of those grown in Haikou, respectively, when the concentration of REEs in rainwater of Nanjing and Haikou was 4.31 × 10-3 µg/L and 3.04 × 10-6 µg/L. Unprecedentedly, endocytosis in leaf cells of different plants grown in Nanjing was activated by REEs, and then extracellular BaP, Cd and REEs (e.g. terbium) were transported into these leaf cells together via endocytic vesicles. Particularly, the co-accumulation of those pollutants in these leaf cells was sharply increased, thus magnifying their toxic effects on these plants. Furthermore, the co-accumulation of those pollutants in human cells was also significantly increased by REEs, in a similar way to these leaf cells. Therefore, REEs in environments are key factors that greatly increase the co-accumulation of various pollutants in cells of organisms. These results provide new insights into how pollutants are accumulated in cells of organisms in ecosystems, informing a reference for making policy to ensure the safety of ecosystems.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais , Metais Terras Raras , Humanos , Poluentes Ambientais/toxicidade , Cádmio/toxicidade , Ecossistema , Metais Terras Raras/toxicidade , Térbio , Plantas
3.
Theriogenology ; 195: 159-167, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36335719

RESUMO

Recent studies have shown that l-proline (proline) is an antioxidant to protect cells from oxidative stress in vivo and in vitro. Glutathione (GSH) is a major cellular redox regulator involved in controlling redox balance and is regarded as one of the key indices to predict the cytoplasmic maturation of oocytes. The objectives of this study are to investigate the effect of proline on the developmental potential of mouse oocytes and to determine the role of gap junctional communication (GJC) on intraoocyte GSH concentration during in vitro maturation (IVM). Compared with control (0 mmol/L), 0.5 mmol/L proline supplementation enhanced rates of activated oocytes, 2-cell and 4-cell embryos, and blastocysts. Furthermore, 0.25 and 0.5 mmol/L proline supplementation markedly upregulated mRNA expression of glutamate-cysteine ligase catalytic subunit (GCLC) and glutamate-cysteine ligase modifier subunit (GCLM) in oocytes and cumulus cells, enhanced GSH concentration in oocytes, and reduced reactive oxygen species (ROS) level in oocytes. Interestingly, carbenoxolone disodium salt (CBX) treatment reduced GSH concentration in oocytes and the rate of early embryo development without proline incubation. Notably, CBX-triggered reduction in the rates of the number of 2-cell and 4-cell embryos and blastocysts were rescued by 0.5 mmol/L proline supplementation. Collectively, these results indicate a novel functional role of proline in oocyte cytoplasmic maturation and regulation of glutathione-related redox homeostasis.


Assuntos
Glutamato-Cisteína Ligase , Prolina , Camundongos , Animais , Glutamato-Cisteína Ligase/genética , Oócitos , Oxirredução , Glutationa , Homeostase
4.
Environ Res ; 216(Pt 3): 114711, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36334824

RESUMO

Anthropogenic discharge activities have increased nutrient pollution in coastal areas, leading to algal blooms and microbial community changes. Particularly, microbial communities could easily be affected with variation in nutrient pollution, and thus offered a promising strategy to predict early red tides warning via microbial community-levels variation and their keystone taxa hysteretic responses to nutrient pollution. Herein high-throughput sequencing technology from 52 samples were used to explore the variation of microbial communities and find the significant tipping points with aggravating nutrient conditions in Xiaoping Island coastal area. Results indicated that bacterial and microeukaryote communities were generally spatial and seasonal heterogeneity and were influenced by the different nutrient conditions. Procrustes test results showed that the comprehensive index of organics polluting (OPI), total nitrogen (TN), inorganic nitrogen (DIN), and total phosphorus (TP) were significantly correlated with the composition of bacteria and microeukaryotes. A SEGMENTED analysis revealed that the threshold of TN, DIN, and NH4-N for bacterial community were 0.23 ± 0.091 mg/L, 0.21 ± 0.084 mg/L, 0.09 ± 0.057 mg/L, respectively. Tipping points for TN, DIN, and NH4-N agreed with the concentration during Ceratium tripos and Skeletonema costatum blooms. Co-occurrence network results found that Planktomarina, Acinetobacter, and Verrucomicrobiaceae were keystone and OPI-discriminatory taxa. The abundant changes of Planktomarina at station A1 were significantly correlated with the development of C. tripos blooms (r = 0.55, p < 0.05), and also significantly correlated with TN, DIN, and NO3-N (r≥|0.55|, p < 0.05). The abundant changes of Acinetobacter and Verrucomicrobiaceae at station C1 were significantly correlated with the development of C. tripos blooms (r ≥ 0.77, p < 0.05), and also significantly correlated with PO4-P (r ≥ 0.64, p < 0.05). The dynamic abundance of keystone taxa showed that the trend of rapid changes could be monitored 1.5 months before the occurrence of red tide. Therefore, this study provides an assessment method for early warning of red tide occurrence and factors that trigger red tide.


Assuntos
Dinoflagelados , Proliferação Nociva de Algas , Fósforo/análise , Nitrogênio/análise , Bactérias/genética , China
5.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 286: 121952, 2023 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36228487

RESUMO

One novel cadmium(II)-coordination polymer [Cd3L2(datrz)(H2O)3] (CP 1) is controllably synthesized by surmising the astute combination of semi-rigid tricarboxylate acid 4-(2',3'-dicarboxylphenoxy) benzoic acid (H3L) and auxiliary ligand 3,5-diamino-1,2,4-triazole (datrz). Structure analysis shows that CP 1 has a two-dimensional (2D) layer structure with a 5-nodal (43) (44·62) (45·64·8) (45·6) (47·66·82) topology. Further investigations reveal that CP 1 shows superordinary water stability and good thermal stability. The fluorescent explorations suggest that the as-synthesized CP 1 could emit blue light centered at 485 nm, attributing to ligand-based emission. In terms of sensing investigations, CP 1 could act as a fluorescent sensor for detecting hypochlorite (ClO-) and acetylacetone (acac) through fluorescence turn-off process in aqueous solution, and the detection limit could reach 0.18 µM and 0.056 µM, respectively. Further research reveals that it is more likely the N-H···O-Cl hydrogen bonds between -NH2 groups of the triazole ligands and O atoms of ClO- plays the key role in the system, which may serve as a bridge for the energy transfer, leading to fluorescence quenching of the chemosensor. While the photoinduced electron transfer (PET) combined with inner filter effect (IFT) should be responsible for the turn-off fluorescence of CP 1 triggered by acac.


Assuntos
Ácido Hipocloroso , Água , Água/química , Cádmio/análise , Ligantes
6.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1237: 340631, 2023 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36442944

RESUMO

Composited carbon nanomaterials have attracted wide attention and are used for high-sensitivity biological assays due to their low toxicity, good biocompatibility, and excellent electrical conductivity. To further promote electron transfer and enhance electrocatalytic activity to detect dopamine (DA), this study proposed carbon dots (CDs) based on glycerol synthesized by liquid dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) microplasma. Combined with the multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) with excellent electrical conductivity, a composited carbon nanomaterial electrode of CDs/MWCNTs was constructed. As a DA biosensor, the interaction and electron exchange between MWCNTs, CDs, and DA can be enhanced thanks to the π-π stacking force, thereby facilitating the sensitive electrochemical detection of DA. The sensor exhibits good sensing performance toward DA detection with a linear range of 2.0-100 µM, a limit of detection (LOD) of 11.08 nM (S/N = 3), and a sensitivity of 29020 µA cm-2 mM-1. The proposed electrode successfully detected DA levels in human serum samples with satisfactory selectivity and recovery rate. The microplasma-enabled synthesized method provides a promising path for preparing and applying carbon-based nanomaterials.


Assuntos
Dopamina , Nanotubos de Carbono , Humanos , Eletrodos , Condutividade Elétrica , Limite de Detecção
7.
J Hazard Mater ; 441: 129924, 2023 01 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36113347

RESUMO

Light rare earth elements (LREEs) have been long used in agriculture (i.e., mainly via aerially applied LREE fertilizers) based on the fact that low-dose LREEs promote plant growth. Meanwhile, the toxic effects of low-dose LREEs on organisms have also been found. However, the cellular and molecular mechanism of low-dose LREEs acting on organisms remain unclear. Plants are at the beginning of food chains, so it is critical to uncover the cellular and molecular mechanism of low-dose LREEs on plants. Here, lanthanum (La) and soybean were the representatives of LREEs and plants, respectively. The effects of low-dose La on soybean leaves were investigated, and the stimulatory effect and mechanism of low-dose LREEs on leaf cells were revealed. Specifically, clathrin-mediated endocytosis (CME) activated by low-dose La is an influx channel for La in soybean leaf cells. The intracellular La and La-activated CME jointly disturbed multiple forms of intracellular homeostasis, including metallic element homeostasis, redox homeostasis, gene expression homeostasis. The disturbed homeostasis either stimulated cell growth or caused damage to the plasma membrane of soybean leaf cells. These results provide new insights for clarifying the cellular and molecular mechanisms of low-dose LREEs as a class of stimulators instead of nutrients to stimulate plants.


Assuntos
Lantânio , Metais Terras Raras , Clatrina/metabolismo , Clatrina/farmacologia , Fertilizantes , Lantânio/toxicidade , Metais Terras Raras/metabolismo , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Plantas , Soja
8.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 629(Pt A): 864-872, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36152616

RESUMO

HYPOTHESIS: The dynamic behaviors of colloidal particles have already been considered as one of the key issues in their practical application, such as aggregation and dispersion. However, it is still remained significant challenge in developing the real time techniques to capture their dynamic tracks. The nano/subnanometer scale gap generated during the colloidal collisions served as the critical location for amplifying the Raman signal, so called as gap ("hot spots") based surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS). The alternating reversible "spike" of SERS intensity and irreversible step in baseline intensity are contributed to the preferred stability and the aggregation of colloid respectively. EXPERIMENTS: A facile approach is developed to track colloidal stability in real-time based on collisions and SERS. The effects of particle concentration, the dispersion medium, and solution pH on colloidal stability are systematically investigated, and the SERS intensity of a simulated single-like "hot spot" was calculated by combining a SEM position with SERS mapping technology to estimate the intensity of single-particle collision. FINDINGS: The colloidal particles exhibited higher stability in the solution with lower particle concentration, higher viscosity and neutral medium. The SERS intensity of single-particle collision was estimated to be about 2.06 × 10-7 counts, and the average number of collisions for the 0.13 mmol/dm3 SiO2@Ag solution was about 1.11 × 108 times/spike in the "spikes" with SERS intensity of 23.0 cps. It is believed that the SERS based strategy would be developed as a promising tool for obtaining the deeper insight into the nature of collisions in the colloidal science.


Assuntos
Prata , Análise Espectral Raman , Análise Espectral Raman/métodos , Prata/química , Dióxido de Silício , Propriedades de Superfície , Coloides/química
9.
Front Psychol ; 13: 860204, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35369272

RESUMO

The global progress empowers the development of new business and expansion of existing business. The availability of sufficient accounting professional are necessary to manage and document the business activities. However, youth are less inclined to purse accounting as profession to keep the progress of global and local economic development. The current study aimed to explore the formation of the intention to pursue Certified Professional Accountancy Qualification (CPAQ) with factor of capabilities, career opportunities, job security with respect to the extended theory of planned behavior (TPB), i.e., attitude, subjective norms and perceived behavioral control. The study adopted a cross-sectional design and collected quantitative data from a total of 339 accounting students from Malaysia using an online survey. The finding revealed that capabilities and career opportunities influenced the students' intention to pursue CPAQ. Meanwhile, perceived behavioral control had significantly affect the students' decision to pursue CPAQ, which is in line with the TPB. The study concentrated on the importance of these factors in influencing the students' intention and decision to pursue CPAQ. The study offered vital implications for accounting educators and educational institutions to promote the accounting profession as choice and students engage in pursuing CPAQ. The Malaysian government should encourage and support accounting students financially for pursuing CPAQ by providing job security and enhancing subjective norms that may enable these students to complete the required professional qualifications. The study's limitations and future research opportunities are documented at the end of this article.

10.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 2022 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36318246

RESUMO

CRAMdb (a database for composition and roles of animal microbiome) is a comprehensive resource of curated and consistently annotated metagenomes for non-human animals. It focuses on the composition and roles of the microbiome in various animal species. The main goal of the CRAMdb is to facilitate the reuse of animal metagenomic data, and enable cross-host and cross-phenotype comparisons. To this end, we consistently annotated microbiomes (including 16S, 18S, ITS and metagenomics sequencing data) of 516 animals from 475 projects spanning 43 phenotype pairs to construct the database that is equipped with 9430 bacteria, 278 archaea, 2216 fungi and 458 viruses. CRAMdb provides two main contents: microbiome composition data, illustrating the landscape of the microbiota (bacteria, archaea, fungi, and viruses) in various animal species, and microbiome association data, revealing the relationships between the microbiota and various phenotypes across different animal species. More importantly, users can quickly compare the composition of the microbiota of interest cross-host or body site and the associated taxa that differ between phenotype pairs cross-host or cross-phenotype. CRAMdb is freely available at (http://www.ehbio.com/CRAMdb).

11.
Front Psychol ; 13: 896095, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36337480

RESUMO

Background: The cognitive level of post-stroke aphasia (PSA) patients is generally lower than non-aphasia patients, and cognitive impairment (CI) affects the outcome of stroke. However, for different types of PSA, what kind of cognitive assessment methods to choose is not completely clear. We investigated the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), and the Non-language-based Cognitive Assessment (NLCA) to observe the evaluation effect of CI in patients with fluent aphasia (FA) and non-fluent aphasia (NFA). Methods: 92 stroke patients were included in this study. Demographic and clinical data of the stroke group were documented. The language and cognition were evaluated by Western Aphasia Battery (WAB), MoCA, MMSE, and NLCA. PSA were divided into FA and NFA according to the Chinese aphasia fluency characteristic scale. Pearson's product-moment correlation coefficient test and multiple linear regression analysis were performed to explore the relationship between the sub-items of WAB and cognitive scores. The classification rate of CI was tested by Pearson's Chi-square test or Fisher's exact test. Results: The scores of aphasia quotient (AQ), MoCA, MMSE, and NLCA in NFA were lower than FA. AQ was positively correlated with MoCA, MMSE, and NLCA scores. Stepwise multiple linear regression analysis suggested that naming explained 70.7% of variance of MoCA and 79.9% of variance of MMSE; comprehension explained 46.7% of variance of NLCA. In the same type of PSA, there was no significant difference in the classification rate. The classification rate of CI in NFA by MoCA and MMSE was higher than that in FA. There was no significant difference in the classification rate of CI between FA and NFA by NLCA. Conclusion: MoCA, MMSE, and NLCA can be applied in FA. NLCA is recommended for NFA.

12.
Front Nutr ; 9: 1035853, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36337638

RESUMO

Background: The ratio of creatinine to cystatin C (Cre/CysC), a marker of muscle function and muscle mass, can be used to predict sarcopenia in different populations. Since sarcopenia is closely associated with osteoporosis, this study investigated the association between Cre/CysC and bone mineral density (BMD) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Method: This cross-sectional study included 391 Chinese patients with T2DM. General information, biochemical indicators, and the BMD of lumbar spine (LS), femoral neck (FN), and total hip (TH) were measured. Results: Pearson correlation analysis showed that Cre/CysC was significantly positively correlated with the BMD of LS (r = 0.170, p = 0.001), FN (r = 0.178, p < 0.001), and TH (r = 0.205, p < 0.001). The results of stepwise linear regression suggested that Cre/CysC was the only biochemical predictor of the BMD at three sites (LS: ß = 0.137, p = 0.01; FN: ß = 0.097, p = 0.038; TH: ß = 0.145, p = 0.002). Conclusion: In older patients with T2DM, high Cre/CysC value is independently positively associated with BMD and hence, Cre/CysC may serve as a valuable marker of osteoporosis.

13.
Front Pediatr ; 10: 966724, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36340718

RESUMO

Vaginal adhesions and stenosis are infrequent long-term sequelae following pediatric pelvic fractures. Patients may not present with signs and symptoms before menarche, leading to delayed diagnosis and treatment. We report an adolescent girl who presented with a post-abdominal trauma pelvic fracture and urethrovaginal fistula and subsequent severe vaginal adhesion, which resulted in infection and obstructive symptoms after menarche. Hysteroscopy-guided vaginal adhesion release using an epidural catheter and ultrasonography was performed, followed by vaginal dilation, to resolve obstructive symptoms. For girls with pelvic fractures, education on possible long-term sequelae is required, as is regular follow-up. Timely diagnosis and treatment are important, and hysteroscopic release of vaginal adhesion and postoperative regular vaginal dilation may be an effective treatment.

14.
Physiol Int ; 2022 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36422693

RESUMO

Objective: We aim to investigate the protective effect and underlying mechanisms of BMSCs-exo on human endometrial stromal cells (HESCs) induced by mifepristone in this study. Methods: BMSCs-exo were extracted and then identified by transmission electron microscopy and western-blot assay. RT-PCR assay was used to determine the level of miR-941. MiR-941 mimics or inhibitor were transfected into BMSCs and the exosomes were extracted. Then, Cell activity, apoptosis rate, cell migration and invasion, as well as the expression of angiogenic proteins were determined in HESCs stimulated by mifepristone and BMSCs-exo. Next, Dual-luciferase reporting assay was used to verify the targeted binding of miR-941 to TLR3, and the TLR3 expression in HESCs was detected by RT-PCR and western-blot. Finally, TLR3 was overexpressed to evaluate the effects of miR-941 from BMSCs-exo on cell apoptosis, cell invasion and angiogenesis in HESCs induced by mifepristone. Results: miR-941 was highly expressed in BMSCs-exo. Exosome miR-941 in BMSCs-exo inhibited the cell apoptosis, and promoted cell activity, cell migration, invasion as well as angiogenesis were also improved in HESCs induced by mifepristone. TLR3 was a target of miR-941, which was up-regulated in mifepristonetreated HESCs. We further found that miR-941 derived from BMSCs-exo down-regulated the expression of TLR3 in HESCs treated by mifepristone. In addition, TLR3 overexpression blocked the inhibition of miR-941 on mifepristone-induced cell apoptosis, as well as cell migration and angiogenesis in HESCs. Conclusions: Thus, we concluded that BMSCs-exo has protective effect on mifepristone-induced cell damage by delivering miR-941 which targeted TLR3 and regulated cell activity, migration, and angiogenesis in HESCs.

15.
Heliyon ; 8(11): e11622, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36411899

RESUMO

Background: Acteoside, a water-soluble active constituent of diverse valuable medicinal vegetation, has shown strong anti-inflammatory property. However, studies on the anti-inflammatory property of acteoside in complement-induced acute lung injury (ALI) are limited. Therefore, this study aims to evaluate the anti-inflammatory activity of acteoside in cobra venom factor (CVF)-stimulated human microvascular endothelial cells (HMEC) and in ALI mice model. Methods: In this study, we investigated the effects of acteoside (20, 10, and 5 µg/mL) in vitro in CVF induced HMECs and the activity of acteoside (100, 50, and 20 mg/kg/day bodyweight) in vivo in CVF induced ALI mice. Each eight male mice were orally administered acteoside or the positive drug PDTC (100 mg/kg/day) for 7 days before CVF (35 µg/kg) injection. After injection for 1 h, the pharmacological effects of acteoside were investigated by spectrophotometry, pathological examination, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and immunohistochemistry. Results: In vitro, acteoside (20, 10, and 5 µg/mL) reduced the protein expression of adhesion molecules and pro-inflammatory cytokines and transcriptional activity of NF-κB (P < 0.01). In vivo studies showed that acteoside dose-dependently alleviated lung histopathologic lesion, inhibited the production of the protein content of BALF, leukocyte cell number, lung MPO activity, and expression levels of IL-6, TNF-α, and ICAM-1, and suppressed the C5b-9 deposition and NF-κB activation in CVF-induced acute lung inflammation in mice (P < 0.05, 0.01). Conclusion: This study demonstrates that acteoside exerts strong anti-inflammatory activities in the CVF-induced acute lung inflammation model and suggests that acteoside is a potential therapeutic agent for complement-related inflammatory diseases.

16.
Lung Cancer ; 174: 157-164, 2022 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36413882

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Because of its low immunogenicity and associated risk of toxicity, sugemalimab is expected to reshape the first-line treatment landscape for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in China. However, it remains unclear whether the use of expensive sugemalimab is cost-effective in this population. METHODS: A Markov model was constructed based on the GEMSTONE-302 study to assess the efficacy of sugemalimab in combination with chemotherapy for first-line treatment of metastatic NSCLC. Efficacy and safety data were entered, with costs and utility values derived from the literature, and incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICERs) were estimated, and univariate sensitivity analyses and probabilistic sensitivity analyses were performed. We also considered cost-effectiveness in two different treatment regimen scenarios after disease progression. RESULTS: Compared with the placebo plus platinum-based chemotherapy, patients with metastatic NSCLC treated with sugemalimab plus platinum-based chemotherapy saw an increase of 0.56 life-years (LYs) and 0.41 quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs), and patients with squamous NSCLC resulted in an ICER per QALY of $45,280.02. Patients with nonsquamous metastatic NSCLC resulted in an ICER of $45,294.15 per QALY. Univariate sensitivity analysis showed that disease-free survival utility had the greatest impact on the results. Probabilistic sensitivity analysis (PSA) showed that when the willingness-to-pay (WTP) for QALYs was $27,354/QALY, sugemalimab, in combination with platinum-based chemotherapy, was more cost-effective than the placebo. CONCLUSION: From a Chinese health care system perspective, first-line treatment of squamous or nonsquamous metastatic NSCLC with sugemalimab plus platinum-based chemotherapy may have cost-effectiveness compared with placebo plus platinum-based chemotherapy at a WTP threshold of $27,354/QALY.

17.
J Ethnopharmacol ; : 115943, 2022 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36414211

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: As one of the most commonly used herbs, Artemisia capillaris Thunb. (ACT) display favorable effect in the treatment of jaundice. However, mechanism of ACT in the treatment of jaundice remains unclear at present, which limits its development and application. AIM OF THE STUDY: To investigate effect and mechanism of Artemisia capillaris Thunb. (ACT) in the treatment of jaundice using pharmacodynamics, network pharmacology and metabolomics. METHODS: Effect of ACT in treating jaundice was evaluated by biochemical assays and pathological observation using the α-naphthyl isothiocyanate (ANIT)-induced mice. Jaundice-relieving mechanism of ACT was investigated by integration of network pharmacology and metabolomics. RESULTS: After the mice with jaundice were administrated ACT extract for 9 days, compared to that of the model group, serum D-BIL, T-BIL and ALP levels of the mice in the low, medium, high dose of ACT group decreased by 39.81%, 15.30% and 16.92%; 48.06%, 42.54% and 36.91%; 26.90%, 12.34% and 16.90%, respectively. The pathologic study indicated that ACT improved the symptoms of liver injury of the mice with jaundice. The network of herb (i.e., ACT)-components-targets-disease (i.e., jaundice) was established, which consisted of 17 components classified in flavonoids, chromones, organic acids, terpenoids, and 234 targets related to treatment of jaundice. Metabolomics analysis showed that, compared to that in the model group, level of 8 differential metabolites were upregulated and level of 29 differential metabolites were downregulated in the mice liver in the ACT group, respectively. The main metabolic pathways involved in treatment of jaundice by ACT were pantothenate and CoA biosynthesis, glutathione metabolism, biosynthesis of unsaturated fatty acids, primary bile acid biosynthesis in the liver, respectively. The integrated analysis of network pharmacology and metabolomics showed that 3α,7α,12α a-Trihydroxy-5ß-cholanate, glycocholate, taurocholate, pantetheine 4'-phosphate, and d-4'-phosphopantothenate were the potential biomarkers for treatment of jaundice, and AKR1C4, ALDH2 and HSD11B were the potential drug targets in the treatment of jaundice by ACT. CONCLUSION: The study based on metabolomics and network pharmacology indicated that ACT can display favorable jaundice-relieving effect by its multiple components regulating multiple biomarkers, multiple targets and multiple pathways, and may be a rational therapy for the treatment of jaundice.

18.
Anal Chem ; 2022 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36417298

RESUMO

Despite the great potential of microplasma optical emission spectrometry (OES) for on-site analysis, it remains a challenge to achieve the fast, sensitive, batch, and multielement analysis of trace heavy metals in a complex matrix. Herein, a novel ultrasonic nebulization-accelerated gas-phase enrichment (GPE) following in situ microplasma desorption sampling approach is employed for the determination of trace heavy metals by a miniature dielectric barrier discharge (DBD)-OES device. The volatile heavy metal species obtained by hydride generation (HG) can be quickly separated from the complex matrix under the action of ultrasonic nebulization, adsorbed on the surface of the activated carbon electrode tip for GPE, and then in situ desorbed and excited by DBD microplasma to achieve multielement OES analysis. With an array nebulizer plate, a batch of 10 samples can be handled for GPE in 40 s, and DBD-OES analysis is maintained at a rate of 6 s per sample. Under the optimized conditions, the detection limits for simultaneous determinations of Hg, Cd, Cu, and Sn are 0.005, 0.01, 0.03, and 0.04 µg L-1, respectively, and the detection sensitivities are about 164, 157, 132, and 91-fold improved with respect to those of the conventional HG-DBD-OES mode, respectively. The accuracy and practicability are verified by measuring several certified reference materials. This fast GPE plus in situ DBD-OES analysis strategy possesses the features of simple operation, time-savings, and low cost, contributing to volatile species transport, matrix interference elimination, and device miniaturization for field applications.

19.
Front Chem ; 10: 1021295, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36405330

RESUMO

Plant-parasitic nematodes are a main limiting factor for worldwide agriculture. To reduce the global burden of nematode infections, chemical nematicides are still the most effective methods to manage nematodes. With the increasing resistance of nematodes, the development of new anti-nematicides drug is urgent. Nematode chitinases are found to play important roles in various physiological functions, such as larva moulting, hatching from eggshell, and host infection. Inhibition of nematode chitinase is considered a promising strategy for the development of eco-friendly nematicides. In this study, to develop novel nematode chitinase CeCht1 inhibitors, virtual screening of the ZINC database was performed using the pesticide-likeness rules, pharmacophore-based and docking-based approach in turn. Compounds HAU-4 and HAU-7 were identified as potent CeCht1 inhibitors with the IC50 values of 4.2 µM and 10.0 µM, respectively. Moreover, molecular dynamics simulations combined with binding free energy and free energy decomposition calculations were conducted to investigate the basis for the potency of the two inhibitors toward CeCht1. This work gives an insight into the future rational development of novel and potent nematode chitinase inhibitors.

20.
Front Public Health ; 10: 1016065, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36388276

RESUMO

The world is witnessing an increasing number of senior adult residents who experience health issues. Healthcare innovation facilitates monitoring the health conditions of senior adults and reducing the burden on healthcare institutions. The study explored the effect of health improvement expectancy, effort expectancy, price value, perceived vulnerability, health consciousness, and perceived reliability on the intention and adoption of medical wearable devices (MWD) among senior adults in China. Furthermore, a cross-sectional design was adopted, while quantitative data was collected from 304 senior adults through an online survey. A hybrid approach of partial least square structural equational modeling and artificial neural network-based analysis technique was adopted. The findings demonstrated that health improvement expectancy, perceived vulnerability, price value, and perceived reliability significantly affected the intention to adopt MWDs. Moreover, the intention to adopt MWDs significantly positively affected the actual adoption of MWDs among senior adults. Although the moderating effect of the pre-existing conditions and income between the intention to use MWDs and actual adoption of MWDs was positive, it was not statistically significant. The artificial neural network analysis has proven that perceived reliability, price value, and vulnerability are the most critical factors contributing to the intention to use MWDs. The current study offered valuable insights into the factors affecting the intention and adoption of MWDs among senior adults. Following that, theoretical and practical contributions were documented to improve the ease of use and price value for the prospective users of MWDs. The correct healthcare policies could curtail the influx of senior adults into the hospital and empower these adults to track and manage their health issues at home.


Assuntos
Redes Neurais de Computação , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Transversais , Estudos Prospectivos
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