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1.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 20(1): 603, 2020 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33032551

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Low birthweight (LBW) is a significant public health issue, and maternal smoking is the most prevalent preventable cause of LBW. But there is limited evidence on association of LBW among children and cigarette smoke exposure in mothers in China. In this cross-sectional study, we try to explore if the LBW in children is positively associated with mothers' prenatal cigarette smoke exposure. METHODS: We selected 8, 586 mothers and their singleton children in 2018 in Songjiang district, Shanghai. Birthweight of children and gestational weeks of mother was identified by birth records in the hospital, we classified mothers' prenatal cigarette smoke status into the first-hand smoke (FHS) exposure and the second-hand smoke (SHS) exposure. We use SAS 9.1.3 software to calculate the prevalence of children's LBW and the prevalence of mothers' prenatal cigarette smoke exposure including FHS and SHS. Chi-square test and logistic regression were used to analyze the difference. RESULTS: In 8, 586 women, The prenatal FHS and SHS exposure prevalence was 0.9 and 20.8%, respectively. The mean birthweight of children was 3315.5 g with a standard deviation of 497.2 g, the mean birthweight was 167.7 g and 66.1 g lower in children born to mothers with prenatally FHS and SHS exposure compared with those children whose mother were not exposed, respectively. The children's LBW prevalence was 4.7% in this study. By comparing with children whose mother were not exposed, the LBW prevalence was higher among children whose mother were prenatally exposed to FHS [OR (Odds Ratios) = 2.91, 95% confidence interval (CI) (1.49, 5.68)], and SHS [OR = 2.35, 95% CI (1.90, 2.89)]. CONCLUSIONS: Children's LBW is positively associated with mothers' prenatal tobacco smoke exposure both for FHS and SHS. So implementing tobacco control measures is crucial to lower smoking prevalence among women, and decrease smoking prevalence of their family members as well as work fellows.

2.
Mol Cancer ; 19(1): 146, 2020 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33004065

RESUMO

Metabolic reprogramming, including enhanced biosynthesis of macromolecules, altered energy metabolism, and maintenance of redox homeostasis, is considered a hallmark of cancer, sustaining cancer cell growth. Multiple signaling pathways, transcription factors and metabolic enzymes participate in the modulation of cancer metabolism and thus, metabolic reprogramming is a highly complex process. Recent studies have observed that ubiquitination and deubiquitination are involved in the regulation of metabolic reprogramming in cancer cells. As one of the most important type of post-translational modifications, ubiquitination is a multistep enzymatic process, involved in diverse cellular biological activities. Dysregulation of ubiquitination and deubiquitination contributes to various disease, including cancer. Here, we discuss the role of ubiquitination and deubiquitination in the regulation of cancer metabolism, which is aimed at highlighting the importance of this post-translational modification in metabolic reprogramming and supporting the development of new therapeutic approaches for cancer treatment.

3.
J Tradit Chin Med ; 40(5): 827-835, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33000584

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of moxibustion and acupuncture of Zusanli (ST 36) and Zhongwan (CV 12) acupoints on chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG) in rats, and to study the mechanisms behind their actions. METHODS: Forty-four male Sprague-Dawley rats were induced with CAG by intragastric administration of 40% ethanol combined with free drinking of N-methyl-N'nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine and irregular feeding for 12 weeks, followed by daily treatment with moxibustion or acupuncture for 2 weeks. Histopathologic examination, Western blotting of cytokines [epidermal growth factor (EGF), EGF receptor (EGFR), extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), phosphorylated ERK (p-ERK)], and 1H NMR-based metabolic profiling of gastric tissues were used to measure changes related to CAG modeling and treatment. RESULTS: Moxibustion and acupuncture at Zusanli (ST 36) and Zhongwan (CV 12) each relieved CAG-induced abnormalities in histopathology and cytokine expression of ERK and p-ERK. Only moxibustion treatment regulated the expression of EGF and EGFR. Metabolites that were increased in gastric tissue by CAG induction (alanine, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate, uracil DNA glycosylase, lactate, glycerol and adenosine) were restored to normal levels after moxibustion treatment; acupuncture treatment only normalized the levels of adenosine monophosphate and glycerol. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that moxibustion or acupuncture at Zusanli (ST 36) and Zhongwan (CV 12) can significantly improve the condition of CAG in rats. These treatments exert their effects on CAG through different mechanisms.

4.
Clin Infect Dis ; 2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33048116

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) experience a wide clinical spectrum, with over 2% developing fatal outcome. The prognostic factors for fatal outcome remain sparsely investigated. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed in a cohort of patients with confirmed COVID-19 in one designated hospital in Wuhan, China, from 17 January-5 March 2020. The laboratory parameters and a panel of cytokines were consecutively evaluated until patients' discharge or death. The laboratory features that could be used to predict fatal outcome were identified. RESULTS: Consecutively collected data on 55 laboratory parameters and cytokines from 642 patients with COVID-19 were profiled along the entire disease course, based on which 3 clinical stages (acute stage, days 1-9; critical stage, days 10-15; and convalescence stage, day 15 to observation end) were determined. Laboratory findings based on 75 deceased and 357 discharged patients revealed that, at the acute stage, fatality could be predicted by older age and abnormal lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), urea, lymphocyte count, and procalcitonin (PCT) level. At the critical stage, the fatal outcome could be predicted by age and abnormal PCT, LDH, cholinesterase, lymphocyte count, and monocyte percentage. Interleukin 6 (IL-6) was remarkably elevated, with fatal cases having a more robust production than discharged cases across the whole observation period. LDH, PCT, lymphocytes, and IL-6 were considered highly important prognostic factors for COVID-19-related death. CONCLUSIONS: The identification of predictors that were routinely tested might allow early identification of patients at high risk of death for early aggressive intervention.

5.
Plant J ; 2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33048384

RESUMO

Brassica napus is an important oilseed crop in the world and the mechanism of seed oil biosynthesis in B. napus remains unclear. In order to study the mechanism of oil biosynthesis and generate germplasms for breeding, an EMS mutant population with ~100,000 M2 lines was generated using Zhongshuang 11 as the parent line. The EMS-induced genome-wide mutations in M2-M4 plants were assessed. The average number of mutations including single nucleotide polymorphisms and insertion/deletion in M2-M4 was 21,177, 28,675 and 17,915, respectively. The effects of the mutations on gene function were predicted in M2-M4 mutants, respectively. We screened the seeds from 98,113 M2 lines and 9,415 seed oil content and fatty acid mutants were identified. We further confirmed 686 mutants with altered seed oil content and fatty acid in advanced generation (M4 seeds). Five representative M4 mutants with increased oleic acid were re-sequenced and the potential causal variations in FAD2 and ROD1 genes were identified. This study generated and screened a large scale of B. napus EMS mutant population and the identified mutants could provide useful genetic resources for the study of oil biosynthesis and genetic improvement of seed oil content and fatty acid composition of B. napus in the future. Supporting Information.

6.
FEBS J ; 2020 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33098359

RESUMO

Up to 10-20% of patients with Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) develop a severe pulmonary disease due to immune dysfunction and cytokine dysregulation. However, the extracellular proteomic characteristics in respiratory tract of these critical COVID-19 still remains to be investigated. In the present study, we performed a quantitative proteomic analysis of the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) from patients with critical COVID-19 and from non-COVID-19 controls. Our study identified 358 differentially expressed BALF proteins (p < 0.05), among which 41 were significantly changed after using the Benjamini-Hochberg correction (q < 0.05). The up-regulated signaling was found to be mainly involved in inflammatory signaling and response to oxidative stress. A series of increased extracellular factors including Tenascin-C (TNC), Mucin-1 (KL-6 or MUC1), Lipocalin-2 (LCN2), periostin (POSTN), Chitinase 3-like 1 (CHI3L1 or YKL40), S100A12, as well as the antigens including lymphocyte antigen 6D /E48 antigen (LY6D), CD9 antigen, CD177 antigen, prostate stem cell antigen (PSCA) were identified. Among which, the pro-inflammatory factor TNC and KL-6, that were further validated in serum of another thirty-nine COVID-19 patients and healthy controls, showing high potentials of being biomarkers or therapeutic candidates for COVID-19. This BALF proteome associated with COVID-19 would also be a valuable resource for researches on anti-inflammatory medication and understanding the molecular mechanisms of host response.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33090014

RESUMO

Interleukin-22 (IL-22) is identified as a tumor-promoting factor in certain cancers, which was secreted by tumor infiltrated lymphocytes. However, the role of IL-22 in breast cancer remains conflicting. In this study, we assessed the expression of IL-22, IL-22 receptor 1 (IL-22R1), CD4, CD8, FOXP3, and CD68 in breast cancer by immunohistochemistry. IL-22 expression was exhibited in 105 (69.1%) cases in tumor cells (tIL-22), whereas only 24 (15.8%) samples displayed IL-22 expression in stromal cells. Multivariate analysis showed that tIL-22 expression was a poor prognostic factor for overall survival (OS) (p = 0.04). Meanwhile, IL-22R1 was predominantly presented in tumor cells (84.9%), which was associated with tIL-22 expression. The CD68-positive tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) displayed the highest infiltration rate (50.7%) compared with CD4-, CD8-, and FOXP3-positive cells. Kaplan-Meier analysis confirmed patients with high TAM infiltration displayed significantly worse relapse-free survival (RFS) compared with low TAMs group (p = 0.017). TAM infiltration was also positively associated with tIL-22 and IL-22R1 expression. Furthermore, tIL-22 expression together with high TAM infiltration displayed the worst prognosis outcomes both in OS (p = 0.039) and RFS (p = 0.008). Instead of lymphocytes, our data indicated that tumor cells express IL-22 in breast cancer that is associated with IL-22R1, high TAM infiltrating, and poor prognosis.

8.
Sci Total Environ ; 755(Pt 2): 142634, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33059145

RESUMO

Flooding displaces large populations each season, which potentially increases the exposure of the vulnerable societies. Having failed to curve down the number of people infected with COVID-19 in the first wave of the pandemic, many states in the United States (U.S.) are now at high risk of the concurrence of the two disasters. Assessing this compound risk before the country enters the flood season is of vital importance. Therefore, we provide a prompt tool to assess the compound risk of COVID-19 at the county level over the U.S. We find that (1) the number of flood insurance house claims can proxy the displaced population accurately with more spatiotemporal detail, and (2) the high-risk areas of both flooding and COVID-19 are concentrated along the southern and eastern coasts and some parts of the Mississippi River. Our findings may trigger the interest of further exploring the topics related to the concurrence of COVID-19 and flooding.

9.
Plant Biotechnol J ; 2020 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33068485

RESUMO

Brassica napus (B. napus) was originally formed ~7,500 years ago by interspecific hybridization between B. rape and B. oleracea (Chalhoub et al., 2014), which supplies approximately 13%-16% of the vegetable oil globally. B. napus serves as an excellent model for polyploid genomics and evolutionary research in plants. Brassica database (BRAD) has long been used for rapeseed genomic research, which provides genome browser and syntenic relationship for multiple Brassicaceae genomes (Wang et al., 2015).

10.
PLoS One ; 15(10): e0240142, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33017457

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the location of transferred embryos under various parameters during embryo transfer in in vitro fertilization (IVF) by applying an in vitro experimental model for embryo transfer (ET). METHODS: Mock ET simulations were conducted with a laboratory model of the uterine cavity. The transfer catheter was loaded with a sequence of air and liquid volumes, including development-arrested embryos donated by patients. The transfer procedure was recorded using a digital video camera. An orthogonal design, including three independent variables (uterine orientation, distance of the catheter tip to the fundus, and injection speed) and one dependent variable (final embryo position), was applied. RESULTS: The uterine cavity was divided into six regions. The distribution of the transferred matter within the uterine cavity varied according to the uterine orientation. Medium speed-injected embryos were mostly found in the static region while fast- and slow-speed injected embryos were mostly found in the fundal region and the cervical-left region, respectively. The possibility of embryo separation from the air bubble increased from 11.1% in slow injection cases to 29.6% and 48.1% in medium and fast injection cases, respectively. CONCLUSION: The experimental model provides a new method for investigating ET procedures. Fast injection of embryos into a retroverted uterus may be more likely to result in embryo separation from the air bubble.

11.
Arch Microbiol ; 2020 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33070233

RESUMO

A novel Gram-stain-negative, aerobic strain, designated Y22T, was isolated from peanut field soil in Laoshan Mountain in China. Cells of strain Y22T were rod-shaped and motile by a single flagellum. The strain was found to be oxidase- and catalase-positive. 16S rRNA gene sequence based on phylogenetic analysis indicated that strain Y22T belonged to the genus Pseudomonas, and showed the highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity of 99.0% to Pseudomonas pelagia JCM 15562T, followed by Pseudomonas salina JCM 19469T (98.4%), Pseudomonas sabulinigri JCM 14963T (97.9%), Pseudomonas bauzanensis CGMCC 1.9095T (97.6%) and Pseudomonas litoralis KCTC23093T (97.5%). The phylogenetic analysis based on multilocus sequence analyses with concatenated 16S rRNA, gyrB, rpoD and rpoB genes indicated that strain Y22T belonged to Pseudomonas pertucinogena lineage. The average nucleotide identity scores between strain Y22T and closely related species were 74.6-82.8%, and the Genome-to-Genome Distance Calculator scores were 16.4-44.9%. The predominant cellular fatty acids of strain Y22T were C18:1ω7c (29.6%), C17:0 cyclo (17.5%) and summed feature 3 (C16:1ω7c and/or C16:1ω6c) (17.4%). The genomic DNA G+C content was 57.9 mol%. On the basis of phenotypic characteristics, phylogenetic analyses and in silico DNA-DNA relatedness, a novel species, Pseudomonas laoshanensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is Y22T (= JCM 32580T = KCTC 62385T = CGMCC 1.16552T).

12.
J Integr Neurosci ; 19(3): 469-477, 2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33070526

RESUMO

We investigated the effects of velvet antler polypeptide on cognitive impairment and the underlying mechanisms. Hydrogen peroxide-induced cell injury was used to establish an in vitro model of SH-SY5Y cells. In addition, we established an in vivo mouse model of cognitive impairment using intraperitoneal injections of scopolamine hydrobromide in strain mice. We administered three different doses of velvet antler polypeptide in this mouse model and assessed the influence of velvet antler polypeptide on the morphology of hippocampal neurons, hippocampal neuronal apoptosis, adrenocorticotropic hormone, and corticosterone activities in brain tissue samples, and the molecular and biochemical regulation of B-cell lymphoma-2, B-cell lymphoma-2 Associated X-protein, Cysteine-aspartic acid protease-3, glucocorticoid receptor, mineralocorticoid receptor, and corticotropin-releasing hormone in murine hippocampal neurons. Our data suggest that velvet antler polypeptide decreases glucocorticoid receptor, mineralocorticoid receptor, and corticotropin-releasing hormone levels and regulates the hormones released by the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, thus suppressing neuronal apoptosis.

13.
Am J Reprod Immunol ; : e13359, 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33063885

RESUMO

PROBLEM: The mechanism underlying endometriosis is currently unknown. However, studies have indicated that immunity plays an important role in endometriosis occurrence and development. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) do not encode proteins but participate in a variety of biological processes via different mechanisms. This study investigated differences in immune cells and immune-related lncRNAs via High-throughput RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) analysis of ectopic and eutopic endometria with endometriosis. METHOD OF STUDY: RNA-seq was performed in six pairs of ectopic and eutopic endometria samples, and real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction was used to verify the results of RNA-seq for 30 pairs of samples. Different immune cell types were identified based on the RNA-seq results, using ImmuCellAI. Immune-related lncRNAs were obtained by analyzing immune-related genes from the ImmPort Database and RNA-seq results. RESULTS: 952 differentially expressed lncRNAs were identified, of which 446 were immune-related. The ectopic and eutopic endometrium could easily be distinguished in the principal component analysis of immune-related lncRNAs. Analysis of 24 immune cell types revealed the differential abundance of 13 types. 60 immune-related mRNA were associated with the top 20 dysregulated immune-related lncRNAs, 11 of which were transcripts of immune cell marker genes. CONCLUSIONS: Our data indicated that a variety of dysregulated lncRNAs were associated with immunity, and these may provide a basis for future immune-related endometriosis research.

14.
Opt Express ; 28(18): 25716-25722, 2020 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32906856

RESUMO

Microfluidic chips have gradually become a focus of scientific research. However, the fabrication of key functional components in microfluidic chips is always limited by the existing processing methods. The microfluidic chip is difficult to be three-dimensional (3D) and integrated. In response to the key problems of 3D integrated microfluidic chip fabrication, this paper presents a hybrid method for fabricating a microfluidic chip integrated 3D microchannels and metal microstructures by femtosecond laser wet etch technology and liquid metal injection. The integrated microfluidic chip fabricated by this method is expected to be applied to the core reaction unit of integrated PCR devices.

15.
Environ Pollut ; 267: 115454, 2020 Aug 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32911334

RESUMO

In recent years, with the expansion of the Weining county in the northeast of Caohai wetland, the construction of a new port in the north, and the large-scale development of cultivated land in the east, land use patterns in lakeshore areas have changed. These changes have affected the state of lake shores water bodies in complex ways, resulting in varying degrees of local water pollution. To explore the distribution and transformation characteristics of water chemistry and heavy metals in different areas of a water body under the influence of different land uses, especially the interactions between water chemical factors and heavy metals in different areas of a water body, this study used Circos diagrams, originally used in biological genetic analysis, to visualize these interactions. This is the first time that the Circos diagram has been applied to the analysis of environmental interactions. The results showed that there are significant differences in the distribution of water chemical factors and heavy metals in different areas of the Caohai wetland. In particular, Cd is affected by anthropogenic sources. The Cd content is higher in the NCL and UL areas, which are at greater risk from pollution. The factors controlling heavy metal levels in water bodies were different in the different regions. The NCL region was mainly affected by construction excavation ore, UL was mainly affected by man-made industrial inputs, CL was mainly affected by pesticide and fertilizer inputs, and ML and FL were mainly affected by Eh and DO. The PCA results showed that the sources of heavy metals in different types of water bodies in the lakeshore zone were both natural and anthropogenic. Therefore, controlling pollutants, reducing environmental pollution inputs to the lakeshore zone, and strengthening supervision and management near wetlands may be of great significance for handling heavy metal pollution.

16.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 88: 106931, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32889237

RESUMO

Uterine corpus endometrial cancer (UCEC) is one of the most prevalent female malignancies in clinical practice. Due to the lack of effective biomarkers and personalized treatments, the prognosis of advanced-stage EC remains unfavorable. Modulation of the immune microenvironment is closely related to the onset and development of endometrial cancer. In the present study, we attempt to systematically analyze the characteristics of the immune microenvironment of endometrial cancer and investigate its association with clinical features by applying bioinformatics. RNA-Seq in TCGA (The Cancer Genome Atlas) and clinical follow-up information of patents were used for analysis. The Tumor Microenvironment (TME) score infiltration patterns of 523 endometrial cancer patients were evaluated using CIBERSORT. Random forest, multivariable cox analysis were used to build the TME score. Fisher's exact test was used to compare the genes that show significant differences in the frequency of mutations between groups. Two TME phenotypes were defined. There is a significant relationship between the TME score and grade. High TME score samples are highly expressed in immune activation, TGF pathway activation and immune checkpoint genes, and low TME score samples have high frequency mutations of PTEN, CSE1L and ITGB3. Therefore, describing the comprehensive landscape of UCEC's TME characteristics may help explain patients' response to immunotherapy and provide new strategies for cancer treatment.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32927833

RESUMO

A large body of literature has shown that the burden of healthcare can push individuals and households into the burden of medical care and income loss. This makes it difficult for rural or low-income households to obtain and use safe and affordable formal credit services. In 2003, China's government implemented a new rural public health insurance, which was called the New Rural Cooperative Medical Scheme (NRCMS). This study provides evidence of the impact of NRCMS on household credit availability using the China Family Panel Studies (CFPS) for 2010. The tobit regression approach and mediator model are used. The results show that, as a public health insurance system sustained by the participation of government investment, the NRCMS provides good "collateral" and significantly enhances rural households' formal credit availability level. Furthermore, this positive effect is mainly reflected in the economic effect of NRCMS. Our results are robust to alternative statistical methods. Our findings suggest that expanding access, fulfilling the NRCMS mortgage function, and providing more financial services for rural households would have big benefits with regard to easing credit constraints for rural residents.

18.
Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol ; 239: 108894, 2020 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32949816

RESUMO

Beta-cypermethrin, a type II synthetic pyrethroid insecticide, is widely used in pest control. Several studies have demonstrated that beta-cypermethrin can affect the reproductive system of mammals. However, there is still a scarcity of information about the reproductive toxicity to fish induced by beta-cypermethrin and its molecular mechanism. Therefore, this study was conducted to address this scientific question, in which the adult zebrafish were exposed to 0 (blank control), 0 (acetone solvent control), 0.1, 0.5, and 2.5 µg/L of beta-cypermethrin for 21 days. A decrease in cumulative egg production of zebrafish was observed, indicating that beta-cypermethrin had a negative impact on reproductive capacity of zebrafish. Regarding the histomorphological analysis of gonads, the delay of gonadal development was observed after exposure for 21 days. In addition, significant changes in plasma 17ß-estradiol (E2) and testosterone (T) were found in zebrafish. Further exploration showed that the transcription levels of hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis-related genes were remarkably changed, which corresponded well with the alterations of hormone levels. These results demonstrated that beta-cypermethrin might have an adverse effect on the reproduction system of zebrafish through delaying gonadal development, disturbing sex hormone secretion, and affecting HPG axis gene expression. This study suggests that beta-cypermethrin poses a potential threat to the reproduction of fish populations, and the toxicity assessment of beta-cypermethrin plays a vital role in the environmental risk assessment of pesticides.

19.
Arch Biochem Biophys ; 693: 108588, 2020 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32937160

RESUMO

MicroRNA-885 (miR-885) has been shown to act as vital regulator of tumorigenesis and its tumor-suppressive role has been investigated in several human cancers. However, the role of miR-885 in regulation of epithelial mesenchymal transition of liver cancer cells yet unknown. This study was undertaken to investigate the tumor-suppressive role of miR-885 and investigate its effects on epithelial mesenchymal transition of human liver cancer cells. The results revealed that miR-885 to be significantly (P < 0.05) repressed in liver cancer and tissues and cell lines. Overexpression of miR-885 resulted in significant (P < 0.05) decline in the proliferation of liver cancer cells. Additionally, migration and invasion of the liver cancer cells was also suppressed upon miR-182 overexpression which was associated with alteration of the proteins associated with epithelial mesenchymal transition. TMOD1 was identified as the target of miR-885 and the regulatory role of miR-885 was elucidated to be exerted via post-transcriptional silencing of TMOD1. The silencing of TMOD1 by miR-885 inhibited the expression of mesenchymal markers but enhanced the expression levels of epithelial markers. The results of present study revealed miR-885 proved the tumor-suppressive role of miR-885 in liver cancer and points towards its therapeutic implications in liver cancer management.

20.
Luminescence ; 2020 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32914537

RESUMO

A novel highly active fluorescence chemical sensor (TBI) for CN- was synthesized based on triphenylamine-benzothiazole as a new fluorophore, and was used for the first time as a fluorophore for detection of CN- . Fluorescence quantum yield of the probe clearly increased when using triphenylamine-benzothiazole as the group. The probe possessed good selectivity towards CN- and had anti-interference ability over common ions. After adding CN- , the UV-visible spectrum of TBI changed clearly and underwent a dramatic colour change from red to colourless, which could be observed clearly by the naked eye. The limit of detection for CN- was calculated to be 2.62 × 10-8 M, which was well below the WHO cut-off point of 1.9 µM. The novel probe displayed fast sensing of CN- . The detection mechanism was a nucleophilic addition reaction between CN- and a carbon atom -C = N- in indole salt. The π-conjugation and intramolecular charge transfer (ICT) transition in the TBI molecule were destroyed by this addition, which resulted in a change of fluorescence before and after the addition of CN- . The mechanism was verified using theoretical calculation, 1 H NMR titration, and mass spectra. In addition, the probe showed low cytotoxicity and could be used for biological imaging in HeLa cells.

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