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1.
Ann Neurol ; 2022 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35655417

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the causal role of lipid or apolipoprotein traits in intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) and determine the effect of lipid-lowering interventions on the disease. METHODS: Two-sample Mendelian randomization (MR) analyses were conducted to evaluate the associations of HDL-C, LDL-C, TG, ApoB and ApoA1 levels with risks for ICH and those of LDL-C- (HMGCR, PCSK9 and NPC1L1) and TG-lowering targets (LPL and APOC3) with ICH. RESULTS: Increased levels of ApoB was associated with a decreased risk of overall ICH (OR, 0.623; 95% CI, 0.413-0.940; P =0.024) and lobar ICH (OR, 0.579; 95% CI, 0.342-0.979; P =0.042). The inverse relationship remained stable in multivariable MR. In addition, elevated TGs showed a causal effect on lobar ICH in multivariable MR (OR, 1.600; 95% CI, 1.009-2.537; P= 0.046). The LDL-C-reducing genetic variation alleles at or near the HMGCR gene (mimicking the effect of statins) were predicted to increase the overall and deep ICH risk. Additionally, genetic variation at or near the APOC3 gene suggested that genetically reducing the activity of APOC3 (mimicking antisense anti-apoC3 agents) was predicted to decrease lobar ICH. INTERPRETATION: Genetically predicted elevated ApoB may have a protective effect on overall ICH and lobar ICH, while elevated TG was associated with higher risk of lobar ICH conditional on LDL-C and ApoB. MR analysis supports the conclusion that statins may increase the risk of overall and deep ICH independent of their lipid-lowering effect. More specific lipid lowering targets may end up being the future. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

2.
Neuroimage Clin ; 35: 103083, 2022 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35717885

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Compulsive behaviors in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) have been suggested to result from an imbalance in cortico-striatal connectivity. However, the nature of this impairment, the relative involvement of different striatal areas, their imbalance in genetically related but unimpaired individuals, and their relationship with cognitive dysfunction in OCD patients, remain unknown. METHODS: In the current study, striatal (i.e., caudate and putamen) whole-brain connectivity was computed in a sample of OCD patients (OCD, n = 62), unaffected first-degree relatives (UFDR, n = 53) and healthy controls (HC, n = 73) by ROI-based resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI). A behavioral task switch paradigm outside of the scanner was also performed to measure cognitive flexibility in OCD patients. RESULTS: There were significantly increased strengths (Z-transformed Pearson correlation coefficient) in caudate connectivity in OCD patients. A significant correlation between the two types of connectivity strengths in the relevant regions was observed only in the OCD patient group. Furthermore, the caudate connectivity of patients was negatively associated with their task-switch performance. CONCLUSIONS: The imbalance between the caudate and putamen connectivity, arising from the abnormal increase of caudate activity, may serve as a clinical characteristic for obsessive-compulsive disorder.

3.
Clinics (Sao Paulo) ; 77: 100055, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35679761

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Long non-coding RNAs (LncRNAs) act as an indispensable role in the Preeclampsia (PE)-related trophoblast function, while its relationship with Small Nucleolar RNA Host Gene 22 (SNHG22) remains unknown. Hence, this study aimed to investigate the roles of lncRNA SNHG22 in the Preeclampsia (PE)-related trophoblasts function and the underlying mechanism. METHOD: Normal placentas and placentas from PE patients were collected to detect the expression of lncRNA SNHG22. Then, trophoblasts HTR-8/Svneo and JEG-3 were purchased, cultured, and treated to investigate the roles of lncRNA SNHG22 on cell migration and invasion as well as its underlying regulatory mechanism. RESULTS: The SNHG22 was downregulated in PE patients, and it was found that SNHG22 overexpression could drive migration and invasion of trophoblasts, while SNHG22 depletion exerted a suppressive effect. Mechanistically, SNHG22 was validated to regulate microRNA-128-3p (miR-128-3p), and Protocadherin 11 X-Linked (PCDH11X) was identified as the target gene of miR-128-3p. Furthermore, it was found that SNHG22 acted as a promoter in the migration and invasion of trophoblast cells in a miR-128-3p/PCDH11X dependent manner, and SNHG22 silencing weakened the activation of PCDH11X-mediated PI3K/Akt signaling pathways through inhibiting miR-128-3p, thereby preventing migration and invasion of trophoblasts. CONCLUSION: SNHG22 acted as a driver in the migration and invasion of trophoblasts and may be considered a candidate for the amelioration of PE.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Pré-Eclâmpsia , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células , Feminino , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Placenta , Pré-Eclâmpsia/genética , Gravidez , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia , Trofoblastos
4.
Food Funct ; 2022 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35708620

RESUMO

D-chiro-Inositol (DCI) is a natural cyclohexanol isomer that widely exists in all living beings, which can effectively prevent glucose and lipid metabolism disorders in mammals. This study revealed the DCI elevated adiponectin levels to reduce obesity and hepatic lipid deposition in high-fat diet (HFD) fed mice. Twelve weeks of DCI supplementation (50 and 100 mg per kg body weight per day) lowered body weight and serum triglyceride, total cholesterol, insulin, and fasting glucose levels. Histopathology analysis revealed that DCI inhibited hepatic steatosis and adipocyte expansion. Remarkably, DCI significantly increased serum adiponectin levels and upgraded the expressions of adiponectin receptors (AdipoR1 and AdipoR2) in the liver. The results of western blot and qRT-PCR showed that DCI impeded the inhibitory effect of HFD on liver AMPKα and PPARs activities through activating AdipoRs and regulated downstream fatty acid metabolism. In addition, we analyzed the concentration difference of DCI in mouse liver and adipose tissue by the HRLC-MS/MS technology, indicating the preference of DCI in different tissues. Therefore, DCI relieved liver lipid deposition and hyperlipidemia potentially by promoting adiponectin synthesis in white adipose tissue and activating the AdipoR-AMPKα/PPARs pathway in the liver.

5.
Commun Biol ; 5(1): 580, 2022 Jun 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35697829

RESUMO

Reduced glomerular filtration rate (GFR) can progress to kidney failure. Risk factors include genetics and diabetes mellitus (DM), but little is known about their interaction. We conducted genome-wide association meta-analyses for estimated GFR based on serum creatinine (eGFR), separately for individuals with or without DM (nDM = 178,691, nnoDM = 1,296,113). Our genome-wide searches identified (i) seven eGFR loci with significant DM/noDM-difference, (ii) four additional novel loci with suggestive difference and (iii) 28 further novel loci (including CUBN) by allowing for potential difference. GWAS on eGFR among DM individuals identified 2 known and 27 potentially responsible loci for diabetic kidney disease. Gene prioritization highlighted 18 genes that may inform reno-protective drug development. We highlight the existence of DM-only and noDM-only effects, which can inform about the target group, if respective genes are advanced as drug targets. Largely shared effects suggest that most drug interventions to alter eGFR should be effective in DM and noDM.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Nefropatias Diabéticas , Creatinina , Nefropatias Diabéticas/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular/genética , Humanos , Rim
6.
Front Neurol ; 13: 827165, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35711275

RESUMO

Here, we screened the COL4A1 variants in Chinese intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) patients to summarize the relationship between the variants and clinical characteristics. Targeted sequencing of a 65-gene panel including COL4A1 was performed to detect all the coding regions and ±10-bp splicing sites. In total, 568 patients were included. Regarding rare nonsynonymous variants with a minor allele frequency (MAF) <0.5%, 6 missense variants and five suspicious splice site variants, absent in 573 healthy controls, were found in 11 patients. The subgroup carrying rare variants did not show specific phenotype compared with non-variant carriers. For the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) loci with an MAF> 5%, we did not find a significant association between the allele or genotype distribution of the SNP loci and the risk of ICH. Rs3742207 was nominally associated with death at 1-year follow-up (p = 0.02027, OR 1.857, 95% CI 1.101-3.133) after adjusted by age, hypertension history, hematoma volume and recurrent ICH history. Nevertheless, after the Bonferroni correction, the association was no longer significant. In conclusion, rare nonsynonymous variants in COL4A1 were identified in 1.94% (11/568) of Chinese ICH patients, while rs3742207 maybe indicate a worse prognosis of ICH.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35723817

RESUMO

The characteristics of high concentrations or high activity levels of heavy metals, especially Cd, in soils caused by the pedogenesis of rocks are attracting increased attention. Carbonate rocks and black shales often coexist during geological deposition, but the risk characteristics of heavy metals are different after their weathering into the soil. The purpose of this study was to investigate the element concentrations of a naturally high background value area, to identify patterns of different risk areas, and to make recommendations for the safe usage of farmland. The results showed that, compared with the soil in the carbonate rock area, the soil in the black shale area was more acidified and most of the heavy metal elements were leached. Based on the soil pH value and the heavy metal concentrations, an identification method for land risk areas within naturally high background values was established, and land planning was carried out using this method. The exceeding rates of Cd in rice for the preferential protection area and strict control area were 0.0 and 50.0%, respectively. Therefore, in naturally high background area, the identified lithology can apply to maximize the use of farmland resources. This method provides a basis for preliminary ecological risk screening in naturally high background value areas using the results of the soil survey. A suggestion for the prevention and control of soil pollution in areas with naturally high background values was put forward. In carbonate rock areas, the soil should be closely monitored to prevent soil acidification.

8.
Front Immunol ; 13: 911922, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35693775

RESUMO

Synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis, and osteitis (SAPHO) syndrome, a type of chronic inflammatory disease, is rare and difficult to treat. Osteoarthropathy with skin involvement is the primary clinical manifestation of SAPHO syndrome. The unknown pathogenesis of SAPHO syndrome is speculated to be related to individual genetic differences, immune levels, microorganisms, and environmental factors. Tofacitinib, a novel small-molecule Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitor, has been used to treat rheumatoid arthritis. However, it also has great potential for the treatment of other immune diseases, including SAPHO syndrome. A 36-year-old man with chest and back pain for more than two months was admitted to our hospital. After admission, the patient developed a pustular rash and enteritis. SAPHO syndrome was diagnosed based on the above clinical manifestations, computed tomography (CT), and bone scintigraphy findings. Notably, the patient also had ankylosing spondylitis. Tofacitinib significantly improved the patient's skin symptoms while preventing worsening of chest and back pain when adalimumab was discontinued. We report the first case of ankylosing spondylitis with SAPHO syndrome. In addition, it is also the first successful treatment thereof with tofacitinib. We hope to provide valuable information regarding the pathogenesis and treatment of SAPHO syndrome in this case.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Hiperostose Adquirida , Inibidores de Janus Quinases , Espondilite Anquilosante , Síndrome de Hiperostose Adquirida/complicações , Síndrome de Hiperostose Adquirida/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Hiperostose Adquirida/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Humanos , Inibidores de Janus Quinases/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Piperidinas/uso terapêutico , Pirimidinas/uso terapêutico , Espondilite Anquilosante/complicações , Espondilite Anquilosante/tratamento farmacológico
9.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 294: 115380, 2022 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35589020

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The incidence of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease is a serious threat to human health. Leeches are used in traditional Chinese medicine to treat cardiovascular diseases. HE-D is an active peptide extracted and isolated from leeches, which can inhibit the migration of RAW264.7 macrophages. AIM: This study shows the effects of HE-D on macrophages in atherosclerosis and the mechanism of inhibition on the migration of macrophages based on transcriptome sequencing (RNA-Seq). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The transwell method was used to detect the activity of HE-D in inhibiting the migration of macrophages. Macrophages were divided into control group, lipopolysaccharide group, and HE-D group. Samples were collected and RNA-Seq performed. The DEseq2 method detected significantly differentially expressed genes (DEGs), GO and KEGG Pathway databases were used to analyze the functions and pathway enrichment of DEGs. Finally, qRT-PCR and Western blotting were used to verify the genes screened by RNA-Seq analyses. RESULTS: Cell experiments showed that HE-D can inhibit the migration of RAW264.7 macrophages induced by LPS. DEseq2 analyses showed that there were 363 DEGs after HE-D administration in the result of RNA-Seq. The GO function of DEGs was significantly enriched in cell migration and inflammation, and the DEGs related to cell migration were significantly enriched in the NF-κB signaling pathway. qRT-PCR and Western blot analyses, showed that when compared with the LPS group, the related genes IKKα, IKKγ, TRAF6, TLR4, and TRAF5 in the NF-κB pathway were significantly down-regulated in the HE-D group. In addition, it was found that the inflammatory factors iNOS and TNF-α were significantly down-regulated, and Arg-1 and IL-10 were up-regulated. CONCLUSION: HE-D can inhibit the migration of macrophages by inhibiting IKKα and IKKγ in the NF-κB signaling pathway, and promote the transformation of macrophages from M1to M2 subtypes. Therefore, HE-D can potentially be used as a drug for the treatment of atherosclerosis.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose , Sanguessugas , Animais , Aterosclerose/tratamento farmacológico , Aterosclerose/genética , Aterosclerose/metabolismo , Humanos , Quinase I-kappa B/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Macrófagos , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Transcriptoma
10.
J Alzheimers Dis ; 87(4): 1517-1526, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35491781

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Plasma phosphorylated-tau181 (p-tau181) is a promising biomarker for Alzheimer's disease (AD) and may offer utility for predicting preclinical disease. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prospective association between plasma p-tau181 and amyloid-ß (Aß) and tau-PET deposition in cognitively unimpaired individuals. METHODS: Plasma p-tau181 levels were measured at baseline in 52 [48% women, mean 64.4 (SD 5.5) years] cognitively unimpaired Framingham Offspring cohort participants using samples stored between 2011-2014 who subsequently underwent 11C-Pittsburgh Compound-B (PiB)-PET and/or 18F-Flortaucipir (FTP)-PET scans (n = 18 with tau-PET) a mean of 6.8 (SD 0.6) years later. Our primary outcomes included Aß-precuneus, Aß-FLR (frontal, lateral, and retrosplenial cortices) and tau-global composite region PET deposition. Secondary outcomes included individual regional Aß and tau PET-deposition. P-tau181 was compared with plasma neurofilament light chain (NFL) and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) in predicting PET outcomes. RESULTS: P-tau181 was associated with increased Aß deposition in the FLR (ß±SE, 1.25±0.30, p < 0.0001), precuneus (1.35±0.29, p < 0.001), and other cortical regions. Plasma NFL (1.30±0.49, p = 0.01) and GFAP (1.46±0.39, p < 0.001) were also associated with FLR Aß deposition. In models including all three biomarkers adjusted for age, sex, APOE E4 allele, AD polygenic risk score and cortical atrophy score, p-tau181 (0.93±0.31, p < 0.01, R2 = 0.18) and GFAP (0.93±0.41, p = 0.03, R2 = 0.11), but not NFL (0.25±0.51, p = 0.62, R2 = 0.01), were associated with FLR-Aß deposition. Plasma p-tau181 was not associated with tau-PET burden. CONCLUSION: In cognitively unimpaired adults, elevated plasma p-tau181 is associated with future increased Aß deposition across multiple brain regions. Our results highlight the potential utility of p-tau181 as a blood-biomarker to screen for brain-amyloid deposition in cognitively healthy individuals in a community-setting.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Amiloidose , Doença de Alzheimer/metabolismo , Amiloide/metabolismo , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/metabolismo , Amiloidose/metabolismo , Biomarcadores , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Proteínas tau/metabolismo
11.
Brain ; 2022 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35511193

RESUMO

Cerebral small vessel disease is a leading cause of stroke and a major contributor to cognitive decline and dementia, but our understanding of specific genes underlying the cause of sporadic cerebral small vessel disease is limited. We report a genome-wide association study and a whole-exome association study on a composite extreme phenotype of cerebral small vessel disease derived from its most common MRI features: white matter hyperintensities and lacunes. Seventeen population-based cohorts of older persons with MRI measurements and genome-wide genotyping (n = 41 326), whole-exome sequencing (n = 15 965), or exome chip (n = 5249) data contributed 13 776 and 7079 extreme small vessel disease samples for the genome-wide association study and whole-exome association study, respectively. The genome-wide association study identified significant association of common variants in 11 loci with extreme small vessel disease, of which the chr12q24.11 locus was not previously reported to be associated with any MRI marker of cerebral small vessel disease. The whole-exome association study identified significant associations of extreme small vessel disease with common variants in the 5' UTR region of EFEMP1 (chr2p16.1) and one probably damaging common missense variant in TRIM47 (chr17q25.1). Mendelian randomization supports the causal association of extensive small vessel disease severity with increased risk of stroke and Alzheimer's disease. Combined evidence from summary-based Mendelian randomization studies and profiling of human loss-of-function allele carriers showed an inverse relation between TRIM47 expression in the brain and blood vessels and extensive small vessel disease severity. We observed significant enrichment of Trim47 in isolated brain vessel preparations compared to total brain fraction in mice, in line with the literature showing Trim47 enrichment in brain endothelial cells at single cell level. Functional evaluation of TRIM47 by small interfering RNAs-mediated knockdown in human brain endothelial cells showed increased endothelial permeability, an important hallmark of cerebral small vessel disease pathology. Overall, our comprehensive gene-mapping study and preliminary functional evaluation suggests a putative role of TRIM47 in the pathophysiology of cerebral small vessel disease, making it an important candidate for extensive in vivo explorations and future translational work.

12.
Pharmaceuticals (Basel) ; 15(5)2022 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35631407

RESUMO

In recent years, various viral diseases have suddenly erupted, resulting in widespread infection and death. A variety of biological activities from marine natural products have gradually attracted the attention of people. Seaweeds have a wide range of sources, huge output, and high economic benefits. This is very promising in the pharmaceutical industry. In particular, sulfated polysaccharides derived from seaweeds, considered a potential source of bioactive compounds for drug development, have shown antiviral activity against a broad spectrum of viruses, mainly including common DNA viruses and RNA viruses. In addition, sulfated polysaccharides can also improve the body's immunity. This review focuses on recent advances in antiviral research on the sulfated polysaccharides from seaweeds, including carrageenan, galactan, fucoidan, alginate, ulvan, p-KG03, naviculan, and calcium spirulan. We hope that this review will provide new ideas for the development of COVID-19 therapeutics and vaccines.

13.
Mar Drugs ; 20(5)2022 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35621940

RESUMO

Polymannuronic acid (PM) possesses more pharmacological activities than sodium alginate, but there have been few studies on its absorption mechanism, tissue distribution, and pharmacokinetics. Studies of pharmacokinetics and tissue distribution are necessary to elucidate the pharmacological effects of PM. Thus, we used fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) to produce fluorescently labeled PM (FITC-PM) and detected the distribution and pharmacokinetics of PM in vivo via tail vein injection. The results demonstrate that the FITC-PM showed high stability in different pH solutions. After the tail vein injection, FITC-PM tended to be distributed in the kidney, followed by the liver and in the heart, spleen, and lungs at lower concentrations. Pharmacokinetic analysis showed that the elimination rate constant of FITC-PM was 0.24, the half-life time was 2.85 h, the peak concentration was 235.17 µg/mL, the area under the curve was 631.48 µg/mL·h, the area under the curve by statistical moment was 1843.15 µg/mL·h2, the mean residence time was 2.92 h, and the clearance rate was 79.18 mL/h. These results indicate that FITC-PM could be used for PM distribution and pharmacokinetic studies, and the studies of pharmacokinetics and tissue distribution provided basic information that can be used to further clarify PM pharmacodynamic mechanisms.


Assuntos
Ácido Algínico , Cauda , Animais , Fluoresceína-5-Isotiocianato , Injeções Intravenosas , Camundongos , Distribuição Tecidual
14.
Ther Adv Chronic Dis ; 13: 20406223221076891, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35432845

RESUMO

Fucoidan is a marine polysaccharide. In recent years, fucoidan has attracted wide-scale attention from the pharmaceutical industries due to its diverse biological activities such as lipid-lowering, anti-atherosclerosis, and anticoagulation. This review clarifies the pharmacological effects of fucoidan in the treatment of human cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. Fucoidan exerts a hypolipidemic effect by increasing the reverse transport of cholesterol, inhibiting lipid synthesis, reducing lipid accumulation, and increasing lipid metabolism. Inflammation, anti-oxidation, and so on have a regulatory effect in the process of atherosclerosis endothelial cells, macrophages, smooth muscle cells, and so on; fucoidan can not only prevent thrombosis through anticoagulation and regulate platelet activation, but also promote the dissolution of formed thrombi. Fucoidan has a neuroprotective effect, and also has a positive effect on the prognosis of the cardiovascular and cerebrovascular. The prospects of applying fucoidan in cardio-cerebrovascular diseases are reviewed to provide some theoretical bases and inspirations for its full-scale development and utilization.

15.
Pharmaceuticals (Basel) ; 15(4)2022 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35455415

RESUMO

The Caco-2 model is a common cell model for material intestinal absorption in vitro, which usually takes 21 days to establish. Although some studies have shown that adding puromycin (PM) can shorten the model establishment period to 7 days, this still requires a long modeling time. Therefore, exploring a shorter modeling method can reduce the experimental costs and promote the development and application of the model. Fucoidan is an acidic polysaccharide with various biological activities. Our study showed that the transepithelial electrical resistance (TEER) value could reach 600 Ω·cm2 on the fourth day after the addition of fucoidan and puromycin, which met the applicable standards of the model (>500 Ω). Moreover, the alkaline phosphatase (AKP) activity, fluorescein sodium transmittance, and cell morphology of this model all met the requirements of model establishment. Fucoidan did not affect the absorption of macromolecular proteins and drugs. The results indicate that fucoidan can be applied to establish the Caco-2 model and can shorten the model establishment period to 5 days.

16.
Pharmaceuticals (Basel) ; 15(4)2022 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35455427

RESUMO

Recently, fucoidan has been proposed for use as a potential anti-inflammatory drug. The purpose of this study was to investigate the mechanism of fucoidan in the treatment of ulcerative colitis. We compared the anti-inflammatory effects of fucoidan and fucose induced by dextran sulfate sodium, and the effects of fucoidan and fucose on the gut microbiota of mice. Our results showed that low-dose fucoidan significantly improved weight loss, disease activity index scores, colonic shortening, colonic histopathological damage, intestinal fatty acid binding protein 2 levels, and the expression of Occludin, Claudin-4, and Claudin-1. However, both high-dose fucoidan and fucose did not perform as well as low-dose fucoidan as described above. In addition, 16S rDNA high-throughput sequencing showed that low-dose fucoidan significantly increased the abundance of Alloprevotella, and fucose significantly increased Ruminococcaceae, but neither significantly reversed the imbalance in the gut microbiota. Therefore, we inferred that the regulation of fucoidan on colitis has a unique and complex mechanism, and it is not completely dependent on degradation to fucose to relieve ulcerative colitis, nor is it achieved only by regulating the gut microbiota. The mechanism by which fucoidan treats colitis may also include reducing inflammatory cell infiltration and increasing intestinal barrier function.

17.
Front Neurol ; 13: 843851, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35401396

RESUMO

Background and Purpose: Convexity subarachnoid hemorrhage (cSAH) may predict an increased recurrence risk in cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA)-related intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) survivors. We aimed to investigate whether cSAH detected on CT was related to early recurrence in patients with ICH related to CAA. Methods: We analyzed data from consecutive lobar ICH patients diagnosed as probable or possible CAA according to the Boston criteria using the method of cohort study. Demographic and clinical data, ICH recurrence at discharge and within 90 days were collected. The association between cSAH detected on CT and early recurrent ICH was analyzed using multivariable logistic regression. Results: A total of 197 cases (74 [66-80] years) were included. cSAH was observed on the baseline CT of 91 patients (46.2%). A total of 5.1% (10/197) and 9.5% (17/179) of patients experienced ICH recurrence within 2 weeks and 90 days, respectively. The presence of cSAH was related to recurrence within 2 weeks (OR = 5.705, 95%CI 1.070-30.412, P = 0.041) after adjusting for hypertension, previous symptomatic ICH and anticoagulant use. The presence of cSAH was related to recurrence within 90 days (OR 5.473, 95%CI 1.425-21.028, P = 0.013) after adjusting for hypertension, previous symptomatic ICH and intraventricular hemorrhage. The similar results were obtained in other models using different methods to select adjusting variables. Conclusion: In patients with lobar ICH related to CAA, 5.1% and 9.5% of them experienced ICH recurrence within 2 weeks and 90 days, respectively. CT-visible cSAH was detected in 46.2% of patients and indicates an increased risk for early recurrent ICH.

18.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 16(4): e0010139, 2022 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35417447

RESUMO

The arbovirus vector Aedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito) is common throughout the Indo-Pacific region, where most global dengue transmission occurs. We analysed population genomic data and tested for cryptic species in 160 Ae. albopictus sampled from 16 locations across this region. We found no evidence of cryptic Ae. albopictus but found multiple intraspecific COI haplotypes partitioned into groups representing three Asian lineages: East Asia, Southeast Asia and Indonesia. Papua New Guinea (PNG), Vanuatu and Christmas Island shared recent coancestry, and Indonesia and Timor-Leste were likely invaded from East Asia. We used a machine learning trained on morphologically sexed samples to classify sexes using multiple genetic features and then characterized the wAlbA and wAlbB Wolbachia infections in 664 other samples. The wAlbA and wAlbB infections as detected by qPCR showed markedly different patterns in the sexes. For females, most populations had a very high double infection incidence, with 67% being the lowest value (from Timor-Leste). For males, the incidence of double infections ranged from 100% (PNG) to 0% (Vanuatu). Only 6 females were infected solely by the wAlbA infection, while rare uninfected mosquitoes were found in both sexes. The wAlbA and wAlbB densities varied significantly among populations. For mosquitoes from Torres Strait and Vietnam, the wAlbB density was similar in single-infected and superinfected (wAlbA and wAlbB) mosquitoes. There was a positive association between wAlbA and wAlbB infection densities in superinfected Ae. albopictus. Our findings provide no evidence of cryptic species of Ae. albopictus in the region and suggest site-specific factors influencing the incidence of Wolbachia infections and their densities. We also demonstrate the usefulness of ddRAD tag depths as sex-specific mosquito markers. The results provide baseline data for the exploitation of Wolbachia-induced cytoplasmic incompatibility (CI) in dengue control.


Assuntos
Aedes , Dengue , Wolbachia , Aedes/genética , Animais , DNA Mitocondrial/genética , Dengue/epidemiologia , Feminino , Masculino , Mosquitos Vetores/genética , Wolbachia/genética
19.
Open Med (Wars) ; 17(1): 626-637, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35434373

RESUMO

The activation of signaling pathways induced by Toll-like receptor (TLR) has been demonstrated to play essential roles in multiple liver diseases. Toll-interacting protein (Tollip) acts as an endogenous negative modulator of TLR signaling and is implicated in various cardio-metabolic diseases. However, the effect of Tollip in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains elusive. In the current study, enhanced Tollip expression was observed in HCC cells and tissues examined by RT-PCR, western blot, and immunohistochemistry staining. Moreover, the co-immunofluorescence staining demonstrated that increased Tollip expression was primarily located in hepatocytes. Functionally, Tollip overexpression significantly increased proliferation, migration, invasion, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of HCC cells, which ultimately accelerated tumorigenesis. Mechanistically, Tollip overexpression dramatically promoted the activation of PI3K/AKT signaling pathway in HCC cells which was attenuated by Tollip silencing. Importantly, the inhibition of PI3K/AKT axis can abolish the promoted effects of Tollip on proliferation and EMT of HCC cells. Our current study demonstrated that Tollip played an important role in the regulation of HCC development by engaging PI3K/AKT signaling pathway. These evidences suggested that the blockade of Tollip-PI3K/AKT axis was an ideal therapeutic treatment for management of HCC.

20.
Cereb Cortex ; 2022 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35443038

RESUMO

Compulsion is one of core symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Although many studies have investigated the neural mechanism of compulsion, no study has used brain-based measures to predict compulsion. Here, we used connectome-based predictive modeling (CPM) to identify networks that could predict the levels of compulsion based on whole-brain functional connectivity in 57 OCD patients. We then applied a computational lesion version of CPM to examine the importance of specific brain areas. We also compared the predictive network strength in OCD with unaffected first-degree relatives (UFDR) of patients and healthy controls. CPM successfully predicted individual level of compulsion and identified networks positively (primarily subcortical areas of the striatum and limbic regions of the hippocampus) and negatively (primarily frontoparietal regions) correlated with compulsion. The prediction power of the negative model significantly decreased when simulating lesions to the prefrontal cortex and cerebellum, supporting the importance of these regions for compulsion prediction. We found a similar pattern of network strength in the negative predictive network for OCD patients and their UFDR, demonstrating the potential of CPM to identify vulnerability markers for psychopathology.

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