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1.
Genes (Basel) ; 11(2)2020 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32053967

RESUMO

The Apollo butterfly, Parnassius glacialis, is one of the most charming members of its genus and includes two subspecies locally distributed in montane areas of south-central China and Japan. In this study, we investigated the genetic structure and demographic history of P. glacialis by analyzing partial sequences of four mitochondrial genes and nuclear single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) via genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS) of samples from nearly the entire known distributional range in China. The mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) data demonstrated that a total of 39 haplotypes were present, and the species was estimated to have diverged about 0.95 million years ago during the middle Pleistocene transition into two main clades that likely formed during the Kunlun-Huanghe tectonic movement. The two clades then dispersed independently in distinct geographic areas alongside the mountainous routes in central and southern China, most likely driven by the Pleistocene glacial-interglacial cycles. Nuclear SNP analysis was generally congruent with mtDNA results at the individual level. A minor incongruence of genetic structures that was detected between mtDNA and nuclear SNP data from the Laojunshan and Tiantangzhai populations was likely due to secondary contact and male-biased dispersal. Our work demonstrates that complicated dispersal-vicariance evolutionary processes likely led to the current geographic distribution of P. glacialis in China, particularly the uplift of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and related climatic oscillations during the Quaternary period.

2.
Nanoscale ; 12(2): 1046-1060, 2020 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31845950

RESUMO

Here, we report zinc sulfide quantum dots, ZnS(QDs), moored on N-doped functionalized multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) wrapped with reduced graphene oxide (rGO). The MWCNTs have a tangled network, a particular surface area, and a distinctive hollow structure that may be suitable for use as a counter electrode (CE) material. A ZnS@N.f-MWCNTs@rGO composite as the CE on a fluorine-doped tin oxide substrate in a dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC) was fabricated using a doctor blade technique. The electrochemical performance showed that at the electrolyte/CE interface, the ZnS(QDs) and N-doped functionalized MWCNTs wrapped with rGO (ZnS@N.f-MWCNTs@rGO) electrode has a lower transfer charge resistance (Rct) and a greater catalytic capacity than naked ZnS(QDs). A power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 9.4% was attained for this DSSC gadget, which is higher than that of a DSSC gadget utilizing ZnS(QDs), ZnS@N.f-MWCNTs, ZnS@rGO and Pt. Also, the DSSC device using ZnS@N.f-MWCNTs@rGO had a fill factor (FF) that was better than the other counter electrodes. The cyclic voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectra (EIS) electron transfer measurements showed that ZnS@N.f-MWCNTs@rGO films can provide fast electron transfer from the electrolyte to the CE and great electrocatalytic activity to reduce triiodide to a CE based on ZnS@N.f-MWCNTs@rGO in the DSSC.

3.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 2019 Dec 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31858958

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate associations between bone destruction markers and musculoskeletal ultrasonography (MU) findings in patients with gout and hyperuricaemia and clarify the role of MU in treatment responsiveness. METHODS: One-hundred and fifty patients with gout and 100 patients with hyperuricaemia were divided into five groups according to MU manifestations. Circulating Dickkopf-1 (DKK-1) and receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand (RANKL) levels were measured. Thirty patients from the gout group and 10 from the hyperuricaemia group, were treated for 1 year with urate-lowering therapy (ULT). RESULTS: Patients with gout and tophus and/or bone erosion had the highest DKK-1 and RANKL levels. Patients with gout and MU-evidenced aggregates and/or double-contour signs had higher DKK-1 and RANKL levels than the normal MU group (p<0.001). Patients with hyperuricaemia and abnormal MU findings had significantly higher DKK-1 and RANKL levels than those with normal MU findings. DKK-1 and RANKL levels positively correlated with disease duration in patients with gout (r=0.430, p<0.001; r=0.359, p<0.001, respectively) and hyperuricaemia (r=0.446, p<0.001; r=0.379, p<0.001, respectively). After ULT, MU abnormalities disappeared in 12 and 8 patients with gout and hyperuricaemia, respectively. The largest tophus diameter decreased in patients with gout (t=6.092, p<0.001). DKK-1 and RANKL concentrations significantly decreased in all patients. Lower serum urate levels corresponded with higher ratios of normal MU features in all patients. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with gout and hyperuricaemia, MU manifestations were associated with DKK-1 and RANKL levels and were ameliorated after ULT. Thus, MU could be a useful tool in assessing bone remodelling and monitoring disease responsiveness.

4.
Kaohsiung J Med Sci ; 2019 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31859425

RESUMO

The present study explored a new downstream regulator of Stat-3 signaling, miR-499-5p and its target gene programmed cell death 4 (PDCD4) in cell survival and metastasis of gastric cancer. Our results showed that miR-499-5p is significantly upregulated in human gastric cancer cell line SGC-7901. We further demonstrated that miR-499-5p promotes gastric cancer cell proliferation and invasion in vitro. Mechanistically, we demonstrated that upregulation of miR-499-5p expression associated with inhibition of PDCD4; STAT3 transcriptional activation by IL-6 is crucial for the upregulation of miR-499-5p expression. These results indicate that the STAT3-miR-499-5p-PDCD4 signaling axis plays an important role in gastric cancer progression and a potentially therapeutic target for gastric cancer treatment.

5.
Front Chem ; 7: 737, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31737609

RESUMO

The aim of this study is to investigate the transformation of hydrogen-donor solvent tetralin in the direct liquefaction process of coal. Pure tetralin liquid as well as mixture of tetralin and Wucaiwan coal (WCW) were separately reacted under a liquefaction condition, and constituents of liquid product were analyzed by GC-MS. The results show that after the tetralin liquid reacts with high-pressure hydrogen, 90% of the reaction product is in liquid state, the gaseous products mainly include alkane gas and COx gas. When the reaction temperatures were set at 380 and 420°C, respectively, the corresponding transformation rates of tetralin can be 34.72 and 52.74%. At 380°C, the tetralin mainly plays a role of passing active hydrogen, while at 420°C, it mainly occurs dehydrogenation transformation to provide active hydrogen, as well as generate naphthalene, methyl indan, and substituted benzene, etc. Taking tetralin as the hydrogen-donor solvent, the WCW was performed liquefaction reaction, and the obtained results show that the transformation rates of tetralin are 69.76 and 83.86% at liquefaction temperatures of 380 and 420°C, respectively. Tetralin mainly occur to dehydrogenation transformation to generate naphthalene, followed by methyl indan, where contents order of main constituents of the liquefaction products were: naphthalene> tetralin > methyl indan.

6.
Front Psychol ; 10: 2160, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31616349

RESUMO

The present study aimed to examine the effects of male defendants' facial appearance (attractiveness and trustworthiness) on judicial decisions in two different swindles. We selected the following four categories of faces by manipulating facial attractiveness and trustworthiness simultaneously: the attractive and trustworthy face; the attractive but untrustworthy face; the unattractive but trustworthy face; and the unattractive and untrustworthy face. A total of six hundred and sixty-three participants across two studies were asked to make conviction-related judgments and penalty-related decisions for the defendants after they were randomly assigned to one of the four categories of faces. In Experiment 1, we used a blind-date swindle and found a "beauty penalty" for physically attractive defendants among females. Specifically, female participants were more likely to issue a guilty verdict to better-looking male defendants. Additionally, this "beauty-penalty effect" was merely observed in the untrustworthy condition. In Experiment 2, we used a telecommunication swindle, and the results showed that facial trustworthiness significantly predicted punishment magnitude and sentence decisions. Moreover, an exploratory analysis revealed that the disgust evoked by the faces partially mediated the relationship between facial trustworthiness and the assignment of criminal penalties. Taken together, these findings indicated that facial attractiveness and trustworthiness played different roles in judicial decisions. Importantly, the effect of facial attractiveness on judicial decisions differed as the detailed criminal circumstances of the offenses changed.

7.
Phys Rev Lett ; 123(10): 105701, 2019 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31573294

RESUMO

Relaxation processes significantly influence the properties of glass materials. However, understanding their specific origins is difficult; even more challenging is to forecast them theoretically. In this study, using microseconds molecular dynamics simulations together with an accurate many-body interaction potential, we predict that an Al_{90}Sm_{10} metallic glass would have complex relaxation behaviors: In addition to the main (α) relaxation, the glass (i) shows a pronounced secondary (ß) relaxation at cryogenic temperatures and (ii) exhibits an anomalous relaxation process (α_{2}) accompanying α relaxation. Both of the predictions are verified by experiments. Computational simulations reveal the microscopic origins of relaxation processes: while the pronounced ß relaxation is attributed to the abundance of stringlike cooperative atomic rearrangements, the anomalous α_{2} process is found to correlate with the decoupling of the faster motions of Al with slower Sm atoms. The combination of simulations and experiments represents a first glimpse of what may become a predictive routine and integral step for glass physics.

8.
ACS Energy Lett ; 4(9): 2185-2191, 2019 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31544150

RESUMO

The observation of extraordinarily high conductivity in delafossite-type PdCoO2 is of great current interest, and there is some evidence that electrons behave like a fluid when flowing in bulk crystals of PdCoO2. Thus, this material is an ideal platform for the study of the electron transfer processes in heterogeneous reactions. Here, we report the use of bulk single-crystal PdCoO2 as a promising electrocatalyst for hydrogen evolution reactions (HERs). An overpotential of only 31 mV results in a current density of 10 mA cm-2, accompanied by high long-term stability. We have precisely determined that the crystal surface structure is modified after electrochemical activation with the formation of strained Pd nanoclusters in the surface layer. These nanoclusters exhibit reversible hydrogen sorption and desorption, creating more active sites for hydrogen access. The bulk PdCoO2 single crystal with ultrahigh conductivity, which acts as a natural substrate for the Pd nanoclusters, provides a high-speed channel for electron transfer.

9.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 58(37): 13107-13112, 2019 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31342613

RESUMO

Conductivity, carrier mobility, and a suitable Gibbs free energy are important criteria that determine the performance of catalysts for a hydrogen evolution reaction (HER). However, it is a challenge to combine these factors into a single compound. Herein, we discover a superior electrocatalyst for a HER in the recently identified Dirac nodal arc semimetal PtSn4 . The determined turnover frequency (TOF) for each active site of PtSn4 is 1.54 H2 s-1 at 100 mV. This sets a benchmark for HER catalysis on Pt-based noble metals and earth-abundant metal catalysts. We make use of the robust surface states of PtSn4 as their electrons can be transferred to the adsorbed hydrogen atoms in the catalytic process more efficiently. In addition, PtSn4 displays excellent chemical and electrochemical stabilities after long-term exposure in air and long-time HER stability tests.

10.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 1000, 2019 Jul 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31345189

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The dual-process theory is central to several models of addiction, implying the importance of automatic processes in the maintenance and development of addiction. Implicit beliefs are traces of previous experience which relate to the representation in cognition. Implicit behavioral tendencies are traces of previous experience which relate to the representation in behavioral tendencies. In this study, we aim to provide behavioral evidence for implicit beliefs and implicit behavioral tendencies towards smoking-related cues among Chinese male smokers and non-smokers. We also examine the relationships among implicit beliefs, implicit behavioral tendencies and smoking behaviors of smokers. METHODS: In order to achieve these goals, we used an implicit association test (IAT) to measure implicit beliefs and implicit behavioral tendencies simultaneously. Thirty-nine smokers and twenty-five non-smokers were tested, using smoking-related words and images, as well as neutral words and images as stimuli. RESULTS: Our analysis shows significant differences in smokers' and non-smokers' implicit beliefs and behavioral tendencies (t62 = 3.494, p < 0.001; t62 = 5.034, p < 0.001). In the group of smokers, implicit beliefs and implicit behavioral tendencies were positively correlated with each other (r = 0.460, p < 0.01). In addition, smokers' scores for implicit behavioral tendencies are negatively correlated with the number of cigarettes smoked per day (r = - 0.51, p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that implicit beliefs and behavioral tendencies toward smoking-related cues vary significantly between Chinese male smokers and non-smokers. In addition, there is a positive correlation between implicit beliefs and behavioral tendencies within smokers. It also shows for the first time that the implicit behavioral tendencies are related to smoking behaviors. Our results may be considered as references for smoking cessation interventions focused on changes at the implicit level, and they provide a new perspective for measuring different dimensions of implicit attitudes by an IAT. This finding might promote the development of the network theory of implicit attitudes.


Assuntos
Sinais (Psicologia) , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , não Fumantes/psicologia , Fumantes/psicologia , Fumar/psicologia , China , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Masculino , não Fumantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Fumantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
11.
Vet Parasitol ; 268: 73-80, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30981309

RESUMO

The infection of ruminants by Fasciola spp. always induces a non-protective Th2-type immune response. However, little is known about changes in the local and systemic immune environment during F. gigantica migration in buffalo. In this study, native swamp buffaloes were each infected with 500 viable F. gigantica metacercariae. Mesenteric lymph node (MLN), hepatic lymph node (HLN), spleen, and serum samples were collected from control and infected buffaloes at 3, 10, 28, 42, 70, and 98 days post-infection (DPI). The mRNA expression levels of the Th1- and Th2-related cytokines IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-10, IL-12p40, IFN-γ, TNF-α, and CD4 were measured during different infection stages in the MLNs, spleens, and HLNs using quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). Levels of the specific anti-ESP isotype antibodies IgG, IgG1, and IgG2 were used to reflect changes in humoral immunity. The results of this study indicated that swamp buffaloes were susceptible to F. gigantica infection, and that susceptibility to this infection was closely related to the cytokine environment associated with the Th2-type immune response. The MLNs showed a mixed Th1- and Th2-type immune response during the acute infection stages, after which the production of these cytokines returned to normal. Cytokine expression in the HLNs also expressed a mixed Th1- and Th2-type immune response during the early infection stages. When the infection became chronic, the typical Th2 immune response was induced in the HLNs. At the acute infection stages, the spleen exhibited a Th2 immune response. Nevertheless, cytokines associated with the Th1 and Th2 immune responses were upregulated at 98 DPI. In addition, the total IgG and IgG1 of the parasite-specific antibodies increased. This suggested that the Th2-related cytokines and IgG1 induced by F. gigantica infection might mediate successful F. gigantica infection in the natural host, swamp buffalo.


Assuntos
Búfalos/imunologia , Doenças dos Bovinos/imunologia , Citocinas/imunologia , Fasciolíase/veterinária , Evasão da Resposta Imune , Células Th2/imunologia , Animais , Anticorpos Anti-Helmínticos/imunologia , Búfalos/parasitologia , Bovinos , Doenças dos Bovinos/parasitologia , Citocinas/genética , Fasciola , Fasciolíase/imunologia , Imunidade Humoral , Imunoglobulina G/imunologia , Interleucina-10/genética , Interleucina-10/imunologia , Interleucina-4/genética , Interleucina-4/imunologia , Interleucina-5/genética , Interleucina-5/imunologia , Linfonodos/imunologia , Linfonodos/parasitologia , Metacercárias/imunologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Baço/imunologia , Baço/parasitologia , Células Th1/imunologia
12.
J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg ; 72(7): 1164-1169, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30894309

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Conventional blepharoptosis repair methods distort the normal anatomy of levator aponeurosis and often cause a visible depressed scar in the upper eyelid. METHODS: The levator aponeurosis was dissected as a flap from the pretarsal tissue in mono-eyelid Asian patients who had mild to moderate congenital blepharoptosis. The flap base was advanced and repositioned on the tarsus. The margin of the distal flap was interposed and fused with orbicularis oculi muscles. Postoperative evaluation included ptosis correction, symmetry, and overall cosmetic outcomes. RESULTS: A total of 162 eyes on 97 patients were corrected using our method. Follow-up time ranged from 8 to 24 months (mean 12.4). In mild ptosis eyelids, out of 58 eyelids, 36.2% (21 eyelids), 56.9% (33), and 6.9% (4) required adequate correction, normal correction, and undercorrection, respectively, whereas in moderate ptosis, the results were 34.6% (36 eyelids), 53.9% (56), and 11.5% (12), respectively. For symmetry, 58.8% (57 cases), 32.0% (31), and 9.2% (9) resulted in good, fair, and poor outcomes, respectively. For cosmetic outcomes, 82.8% (48 eyelids), 15.5% (9), and 1.7% (1) of mild ptosis cases achieved good, moderate, and poor results in mild ptosis cases, whereas the results were 77.9% (81 eyes), 20.2% (21), and 1.9% (2), respectively, in moderate ptosis cases. The only complication among all cases was postoperative swelling. CONCLUSIONS: We presented a new blepharoplasty for ptosis repair that allows both satisfactory ptosis correction and cosmetic outcomes in mild to moderate congenital blepharoptosis.

13.
Neuropsychologia ; 127: 195-203, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30802462

RESUMO

In judicial practice, morally right but legally wrong instances usually pose significant challenges for legal decision makers. To examine the cognitive and neural foundations of legal judgments in criminal cases involving apparent moral conflicts, we scanned 30 female participants during punishment judgments for crimes committed with good intentions. The behavioral results confirmed that moral acceptability was significantly correlated with the punishment ratings only in the good-intentioned crimes. The fMRI data mainly revealed that the right temporoparietal junction (rTPJ) plays special roles in processing criminal offenders' state of mind and that the right dorsal lateral prefrontal cortex (rDLPFC) plays roles in resolving moral conflicts involved in legal judgments. Specifically, we found that compared to the bad-intentioned scenarios, the good-intentioned scenarios evoked greater activities during the postreading stage in the brain area of the rTPJ and that a signal increase in the rTPJ was associated with more lenient penalty judgments in the good-intentioned scenarios. Furthermore, reading crime scenarios with good intentions elicited stronger activation in the rdlPFC, which showed enhanced functional connectivity with the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC). Overall, our study sheds some light on the neurocognitive underpinnings of legal judgments in special criminal cases and enhances our understanding of the relationship between legal and moral judgments.

14.
Int Wound J ; 16(3): 793-799, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30767371

RESUMO

Some types of skin and soft tissue tumours may be misdiagnosed as scars because of the scar-like manifestation or the history of injury. It is generally believed that injuries will activate wound healing, ultimately ending in fibrosis. Because of the tumour-promoting properties of both the microenvironment of the wound and the wound-healing process that may go awry, there is a likelihood that injuries may trigger tumour growth. From 2012 to 2016, we treated four patients who underwent unsuccessful treatments because of the misdiagnosis of scars or keloids. Upon the pathological diagnoses of skin and soft tissue tumours in the four cases, extended resection of the tumours was performed. Recurrence was not observed up to the last follow up. Since then, soft tissue tumours have much greater visibility and are considered during diagnosis if a wound is presented with the atypical appearance of scar after injuries. Under these circumstances, biopsy should be conducted.


Assuntos
Cicatriz/fisiopatologia , Cicatriz/cirurgia , Erros de Diagnóstico , Neoplasias Cutâneas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Cutâneas/fisiopatologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/cirurgia , Cicatrização/fisiologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 126: 470-477, 2019 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30472444

RESUMO

Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) biosensors have enormous potential in biological recognitions and biomolecular interactions, especially for the real time measurement of disease diagnosis and drug screening. Extensive efforts have been invested to ameliorate the sensing performances, while the photothermal effects, which are induced by the plasmon resonance, have an obvious impact. However, due to the limitations of experimental approaches, the theoretical mechanisms and specific influences of the SPR sensors with photothermal effects are few researched. Here, a multiscale simulation method is developed to investigate the photothermal effects at graphene/gold (Au) nanointerfaces, and to calculate the quantitative contribution of the photothermal effects towards high reliability SPR sensors in order to elucidate their influence on the sensing performances by means of first-principle calculations and molecular dynamics simulations. Our results indicate that the sensitivity and detection accuracy of graphene/Au SPR sensors can be tailored from 0 K to 600 K, due to the tunable dielectric constants of Au and graphene films through temperature variation. By controlling the its material thickness, interfacial combination and lattice strain, an optimized graphene/Au SPR sensor with higher sensitivity, detection accuracy, and reliability to the temperature rising has been achieved. Such multiscale simulation method, which is capable of seeking both the role and the underlying mechanism of the interfacial phenomena, can serve as an excellent guideline for the performance optimization and commercialized application of SPR sensors in the analytical chemistry and biomedical fields.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Grafite/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Ressonância de Plasmônio de Superfície , Ouro/química , Humanos
16.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 125: 721-729, 2019 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30552926

RESUMO

In this study, a biocompatible chitosan/montmorillonite (CS/MMT) composite microsphere was developed as a carrier for loading and sustained-release of the hydrophobic drug of tanshinone IIA. Though the compatibility between hydrophobic drugs and hydrophilic matrix was fairly poor, tanshinone IIA was successfully loaded on the microsphere by the solvent exchange process during chitosan matrix dehydration. The microstructure of the resulting microspheres was characterized with several techniques, such as X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermo-gravimetric analysis (TGA), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), and scanning electron microscope (SEM). The results of drug loading and in vitro release study of the tanshinone IIA loaded CS/MMT composite microspheres showed that the incorporation of MMT into CS matrix would enhance the drug encapsulation and retard drug migration. The sample with mass ratio of CS: MMT (10:2) exhibited highest encapsulation efficiency (48.18% ±â€¯2.54%) and slowest continuous cumulative release of drug in phosphate buffer solution (pH 7.4). It was found that the tanshinone IIA release kinetics fit the Higuchi model and the release mechanism was non-Fickian diffusion. Cell viability studies by CCK-8 assay showed that the microspheres showed no obvious cytotoxicity at the dosages below 80 µg/ml, and the MMT content had no significant effect on cell viability. This work provided a successful method of incorporating hydrophobic drugs into hydrophilic matrices, and has been successfully applied to the preparation of effective and biocompatible drug delivery for tanshinone IIA.


Assuntos
/química , Bentonita/química , Quitosana/química , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Difusão , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Microesferas
17.
J Int Med Res ; 46(12): 4863-4873, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30296873

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between serum copper levels and lung cancer risk. METHODS: We searched the electronic PubMed, WanFang, CNKI, and SinoMed databases to identify studies including information on serum copper levels and lung cancer. Standard mean differences and corresponding 95% confidence intervals were calculated using Stata 12.0 software. We performed a meta-analysis on the identified studies overall and according to geographic location. We also evaluated heterogeneity among the studies and the occurrence of publication bias. RESULTS: Thirty-three articles including 3026 cases and 9439 controls were included in our study. The combined results showed that serum copper levels were higher in patients with lung cancer compared with controls without lung cancer, though the results showed high heterogeneity. In a subgroup analysis according to geographic location, significant associations between copper levels and lung cancer were found for both Asian and European populations. No publication bias was detected in this meta-analysis. CONCLUSIONS: High serum copper levels could increase the risk of lung cancer, suggesting that environmental copper exposure may be a risk factor for the development of lung cancer.


Assuntos
Cobre/sangue , Neoplasias Pulmonares/sangue , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/etiologia , Fatores de Risco
18.
Neuroreport ; 29(14): 1188-1192, 2018 09 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30001226

RESUMO

This study aimed to identify the neuroanatomical substrates and white matter connectivity in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and the association between gray matter and structural connectivity. A total of 36 children including patients with ASD and healthy controls between 6 and 15 years of age were enrolled in this study. High-resolution structural MRI and functional MRI were performed and analyzed using voxel-based morphometry and tract-based spatial statistics. The relationship between gray matter volume and structural connectivity was generated using Pearson correlation analysis. Voxel-based morphometry analysis showed significantly reduced areas of gray matter in the left cerebellum. Tract-based spatial statistics analysis showed white matter abnormalities in several distinct clusters within the right inferior frontal gyrus (opercular part), the left inferior parietal lobule, and the right mentary motor area. Neither ASD nor healthy controls showed a significant correlation between gray matter volume and white matter integrity. Our study confirmed the presence of several structural and regional abnormalities in ASD children. These findings suggest that there are significant differences in some brain regions in children with autism relative to healthy children, but no association between them.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Espectro Autista/patologia , Transtorno do Espectro Autista/fisiopatologia , Mapeamento Encefálico , Substância Cinzenta/patologia , Substância Branca/patologia , Adolescente , Transtorno Autístico/patologia , Transtorno Autístico/fisiopatologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Substância Cinzenta/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Masculino , Substância Branca/fisiopatologia
19.
Clin Exp Allergy ; 48(8): 981-989, 2018 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29754456

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Innate immunity has been thought to be involved in asthma pathogenesis. Pentraxins, acting as soluble pattern recognition molecules, play an important role in humoral innate immunity. Asthma is a heterogeneous inflammatory disease of airways and can be classified as eosinophilic or non-eosinophilic asthma. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether pentraxin levels differ in subjects with eosinophilic versus non-eosinophilic asthma. Furthermore, to access the predictive performance of pentraxin levels for discriminating asthma inflammatory phenotypes. METHODS: A total of 80 asthmatic patients and 24 healthy control subjects underwent sputum induction at study inclusion. Differential leucocyte counts were performed on selected sputum. Plasma C-reactive protein (CRP), serum amyloid P (SAP), pentraxin 3 (PTX3), and sputum SAP, PTX3, IL-8 levels were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS: Subjects with non-eosinophilic asthma had significantly increased pentraxin levels compared with those with eosinophilic asthma and healthy controls, with median (interquartile range) plasma CRP levels of 0.86 (0.28-2.07), 0.26 (0.14-0.85), and 0.15 (0.09-0.45)mg/L (P < .001), respectively, plasma SAP levels of 33.69 (19.79-58.39), 19.76 (16.11-30.58), and 20.06 (15.68-31.11)mg/L (P = .003), respectively, and sputum PTX3 levels of 4.9 (1.35-18.72), 0.87 (0.30-2.07), and 1.08 (0.31-4.32)ng/mL (P < .001), respectively. Conversely, sputum SAP concentrations of eosinophilic asthmatics (median, 21.49 ng/mL; IQR, 6.86-38.79 ng/mL) were significantly higher than those of non-eosinophilic patients (median, 8.15 ng/mL; IQR, 2.82-18.01 ng/mL) and healthy controls (median, 8.79 ng/mL; IQR, 2.00-16.18 ng/mL). Asthma patients with high plasma CRP (P = .004), SAP (P = .005) and sputum PTX3 levels (P < 0.001) also had significantly lower sputum eosinophil percentages. Sputum PTX3 levels had the best power (11.18-fold, P < .001) to predict non-eosinophilic airway inflammation in asthma patients. CONCLUSION AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Pentraxin levels differed significantly between patients with non-eosinophilic asthma and those with eosinophilic asthma. Furthermore, elevated pentraxin expressions may predict non-eosinophilic airway inflammation in asthmatic patients.


Assuntos
Asma/etiologia , Asma/metabolismo , Biomarcadores , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Eosinófilos/imunologia , Eosinófilos/metabolismo , Componente Amiloide P Sérico/metabolismo , Adulto , Asma/diagnóstico , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Contagem de Leucócitos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Curva ROC , Testes de Função Respiratória , Escarro
20.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 10(23): 19564-19572, 2018 Jun 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29775272

RESUMO

The porous structure and excellent specific surface area are superior for use as a counter electrode (CE) material. In addition, N-doped graphene possesses a remarkable electron-transfer pathway and many active sites. Therefore, a novel idea is to wrap uniform flower-like mesoporous Fe3O4 (Fe3O4UFM) in an N-doped graphene (N-RGO) network structure to enhance the power conversion efficiency (PCE). The hybrid materials of Fe3O4UFM@N-RGO are first used as a CE in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs), showing a preeminent conductive interconnected 3D porous structure with more catalytic activity sites and a better ability for and a faster reaction rate of charge transfer, resulting in quicker reduction of I3- than Pt. A 9.26% photoelectric conversion efficiency has been achieved for the DSSCs with Fe3O4UFM@N-RGO as the CE, which is beyond the value of Pt (7.72%). The positive synergetic effect between Fe3O4 and N-RGO is mainly responsible for the remarkable photoelectric property enhancement of this uniform flower-like mesoporous Fe3O4 wrapped in N-doped graphene networks, as demonstrated by the Tafel polarization, electrochemical impedance spectra, and CV curves. These methods will provide a simple way to effectively reproduce CE materials.

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