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1.
Sci Total Environ ; 773: 145661, 2021 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33940749

RESUMO

Zero-valent aluminum (ZVAl) is a promising reductant because of its relatively low redox potential, which can efficiently activate molecular oxygen to generate reactive oxygen species. However, its long-term performance is limited by the intrinsic dense oxide layer and the passivation effect of the accumulative Al-(hydr)oxide on its surface during the reaction. In this study, four clay minerals with different compositions were mixed with ZVAl by ball milling to obtain four composites of ZVAl and clay (ZVAl-Clay), which were used to degrade a high concentration of 4-chlorophenol (4-CP) under ambient conditions. The oxidation efficiencies of different ZVAl-Clays were strongly relevant to Fe contained in the clay minerals. The Fe-free ZVAl-Clay presented poor oxidation performance, whereas the reaction efficiencies of those ZVAl composites with Fe-bearing clays exhibited varying degrees of improvement. In comparison with the original ZVAl, the highest oxidation rate increased by 23 times, the maximum increased OH production was approximately 8 times, and the corresponding mineralization efficiency improved by 38.7%. However, the levels of improved oxidation performance of various ZVAl-Clays were not positively correlated with their actual total Fe contents, and their degradation efficiencies might also be affected by other physical and/or chemical properties of different clays. The synergistic mechanism revealed by various characterizations was that electron transfer might occur from ZVAl to the structural Fe(III) of the clay through the basal plane or edge of clays triggered by ball milling. Thus, the partially produced Fe(II) on the clay surface promoted the Fenton-like reaction to decompose H2O2 into OH for efficient oxidation of 4-CP. In short, the ZVAl composites with Fe-bearing clays deserved further exploration as potential materials for efficient degradation of organic matters in wastewater samples.

2.
J Leukoc Biol ; 2021 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33884666

RESUMO

The gastrointestinal tract is colonized by trillions of microorganisms, consisting of bacteria, fungi, and viruses, known as the "second gene pool" of the human body. In recent years, the microbiota-gut-bone axis has attracted increasing attention in the field of skeletal health/disorders. The involvement of gut microbial dysbiosis in multiple bone disorders has been recognized. The gut microbiota regulates skeletal homeostasis through its effects on host metabolism, immune function, and hormonal secretion. Owing to the essential role of the gut microbiota in skeletal homeostasis, novel gut microbiota-targeting therapeutics, such as probiotics and prebiotics, have been proven effective in preventing bone loss. However, more well-controlled clinical trials are still needed to evaluate the long-term efficacy and safety of these ecologic modulators in the treatment of bone disorders.

3.
Luminescence ; 2021 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33900668

RESUMO

A novel nitrogen doped graphene quantum dots (N-GQDs) with a green fluorescence emission was synthesized through microwave method using citric acid and semicarbazide hydrochloride as reactants. The as-synthesized N-GQDs exhibits good stability, excellent water solubility and negligible cytotoxicity. Due to the intermolecular charge transfer, ferric ion (Fe3+ ) has a strong quenching effect on the N-GQDs. The fluorescence quenching has a linear relationship with the concentration of Fe3+ in the range of 0.02-12 µM. The detection limit was 1.43 nM. What's more, it's worth mentioning that the obtained N-GQDs showed high selectivity and sensitivity towards Fe3+ . Under the optimum conditions, 10-times copper ions and 100-times other metal ions had no influence on the detection of Fe3+ (0.8 µM), which indicates a higher sensitivity than that of the reported methods. Due to their excellent properties, the obtained N-GQDs was successfully applied for sensing and imaging Fe3+ in water samples and HeLa cells.

4.
Luminescence ; 2021 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33900056

RESUMO

In this work, a novel type of nitrogen-doped carbon dots (N-CDs) were prepared from citric acid and glycine (GLY) as precursors through a simple pyrolysis method. The GLY-CDs showed strong fluorescence with a fluorescence quantum yield as high as 33.34% and good water solubility. The fluorescence of GLY-CDs could be selectively quenched by Fe3+ resulting in the non-fluorescent complex. Due to the high affinity of Fe3+ to ATP, the fluorescence of the GLY-CDs in GLY-CDs-Fe3+ could be recovered by adenosine-5'-triphosphate (ATP). Thereby, quantitatively fluorescent turn-on detection of ATP could be achieved. The fluorescence recovery ratio was linearly proportional to the concentration of ATP with a detection limit as low as 15.0 nM, indicating the CDs have high sensitivity. The GLY-CDs were successfully employed in the detection of ATP in serum and cell lysates.

5.
J Mol Recognit ; 34(6): e2889, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33646596

RESUMO

In this paper, the effects of three isoflavones including daidzein, genistein, and puerarin on fibrillation of hen egg-white lysozyme were investigated by various analytical methods. The results demonstrated that all isoflavones could effectively inhibit the fibrillogenesis of hen egg-white lysozyme and destabilized the preformed fibrils of hen egg-white lysozyme in a dose-dependent manner. To further understand the inhibition mechanism, molecular modeling was carried out. The docking results demonstrated that the isoflavones could bind to two key fibrogenic sites in hen egg-white lysozyme through van der Waals force, electrostatic forces, and hydrogen bonding, as well as σ-π stacking. By these means, isoflavones could not only obviously enhance the hydrophobicity of the binding sites, but also greatly stabilize the native state of HEWL, which was able to postpone the fibrosis process of hen egg-white lysozyme.

6.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 1940, 2021 03 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33782411

RESUMO

Metabolic enzymes and metabolites display non-metabolic functions in immune cell signalling that modulate immune attack ability. However, whether and how a tumour's metabolic remodelling contributes to its immune resistance remain to be clarified. Here we perform a functional screen of metabolic genes that rescue tumour cells from effector T cell cytotoxicity, and identify the embryo- and tumour-specific folate cycle enzyme methylenetetrahydrofolate dehydrogenase 2 (MTHFD2). Mechanistically, MTHFD2 promotes basal and IFN-γ-stimulated PD-L1 expression, which is necessary for tumourigenesis in vivo. Moreover, IFN-γ stimulates MTHFD2 through the AKT-mTORC1 pathway. Meanwhile, MTHFD2 drives the folate cycle to sustain sufficient uridine-related metabolites including UDP-GlcNAc, which promotes the global O-GlcNAcylation of proteins including cMYC, resulting in increased cMYC stability and PD-L1 transcription. Consistently, the O-GlcNAcylation level positively correlates with MTHFD2 and PD-L1 in pancreatic cancer patients. These findings uncover a non-metabolic role for MTHFD2 in cell signalling and cancer biology.


Assuntos
Aminoidrolases/genética , Antígeno B7-H1/genética , Carcinogênese/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Metilenotetra-Hidrofolato Desidrogenase (NADP)/genética , Enzimas Multifuncionais/genética , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/genética , Processamento de Proteína Pós-Traducional , Linfócitos T Citotóxicos/imunologia , Aminoidrolases/antagonistas & inibidores , Aminoidrolases/imunologia , Animais , Antígeno B7-H1/antagonistas & inibidores , Antígeno B7-H1/imunologia , Carcinogênese/imunologia , Carcinogênese/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Embrião de Mamíferos , Fibroblastos/imunologia , Fibroblastos/patologia , Ácido Fólico/imunologia , Ácido Fólico/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , Alvo Mecanístico do Complexo 1 de Rapamicina/genética , Alvo Mecanístico do Complexo 1 de Rapamicina/imunologia , Metilenotetra-Hidrofolato Desidrogenase (NADP)/antagonistas & inibidores , Metilenotetra-Hidrofolato Desidrogenase (NADP)/imunologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Nus , Enzimas Multifuncionais/antagonistas & inibidores , Enzimas Multifuncionais/imunologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/imunologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Cultura Primária de Células , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/imunologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/imunologia , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética , RNA Interferente Pequeno/imunologia , Transdução de Sinais , Linfócitos T Citotóxicos/patologia , Carga Tumoral , Evasão Tumoral , Uridina Difosfato N-Acetilglicosamina/metabolismo , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
7.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 40: 127913, 2021 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33705905

RESUMO

Resveratrol is a natural polyhydroxy trans-stilbene product with many biological activities. One of the most striking biological activities of it is its anti-aging potential. Resveratrol can exhibit anti-aging activity via a variety of signaling pathways, however, the repair effect of it on kidney and brain injury in aging mice induced by d-galactose and its regulation on klotho gene expression have not been reported. Herein, the anti-aging activity of resveratrol and its effect on the repair of kidney and brain injuries in d-galactose-induced aging mice, as well as its regulation of klotho gene expression in these two tissues were investigated. The results indicated that resveratrol could significantly increase the aged cell viability and improve the pathological status of aging mice via inhibiting the formation of malondialdehyde and enhancing the activities of superoxide dismutase and catalase. The histological analysis suggested that resveratrol could remarkably repair the damages of kidney and brain tissues in aging mice. Moreover, PCR and western blot have shown that resveratrol could obviously increase the anti-aging klotho gene expression in the above tissues. The data in this paper further revealed and enriched the anti-aging mechanism of resveratrol, and the methods established in this study can be used as a tool to evaluate the anti-aging activity of drugs to a certain extent.

8.
Cancer Cell ; 39(2): 136-137, 2021 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33385329
9.
Phys Rev Lett ; 126(2): 020503, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33512193

RESUMO

Entanglement distribution has been accomplished using a flying drone, and this mobile platform can be generalized for multiple mobile nodes with optical relay among them. Here we develop the first optical relay to reshape the wave front of photons for their low diffraction loss in free-space transmission. Using two drones, where one distributes the entangled photons and the other serves as relay node, we achieve entanglement distribution with Clauser-Horne-Shimony-Holt S parameter of 2.59±0.11 at 1 km distance. Key components for entangled source, tracking, and relay are developed with high performance and are lightweight, constructing a scalable airborne system for multinode connectio and toward mobile quantum networks.

10.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 271: 113823, 2021 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33472092

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Panax notoginseng saponins (PNS) were extracted from Panax notoginseng (Burkill) F.H. Chen, a natural product often used as a therapeutic agent in China. PNS has showed obvious therapeutic effect in heart failure (HF) treatment. However, its targets and pharmacological mechanisms remain elusive. AIM OF THE STUDY: This research attempted to determine both the effects and mechanisms of PNS involved in AMI treatment, namely, acute myocardial infarction-induced HF. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An AMI-induced HF model was generated by left anterior descending (LAD) ligation in rats. Transcriptome analyses were performed to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and pathway enrichment. Real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) verified the HF-related genes differentially expressed after PNS treatment. Finally, a model of H9C2 cells subjected to OGD/R, which is equivalent to oxygen-glucose deprivation/reperfusion, was established to identify the potential mechanism of PNS in the treatment of HF. RESULTS: PNS ameliorated cardiac function and protected against structural alterations of the myocardium in HF rats. Transcriptome analysis showed that PNS upregulated 1749 genes and downregulated 1069 genes in the heart. Functional enrichment analysis demonstrated that the metabolic process was enriched among the DEGs. KEGG pathway analysis revealed that the PPAR signalling pathway was particularly involved in the protective function of PNS. The effects of PNS on the PPAR pathway were validated in vivo; PNS treatment effectively increased the expression of PPARα, RXRα, and PGC1α in rats with AMI-induced HF. In addition, PNS was shown to regulate the expression of downstream energy metabolism-related proteins. Interestingly, the addition of the PPARα inhibitor GW6471 abolished the beneficial effects of PNS. CONCLUSIONS: PNS exerts a cardioprotective function in a multicomponent and multitarget manner. The PPAR signalling pathway is one of the key pathways by which PNS protects against HF, and PPARα is a possible target for HF treatment.

11.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 251: 119405, 2021 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33450449

RESUMO

Resveratrol and oxyresveratrol are two natural polyhydroxy trans-stilbene products. Previous studies have shown that both of them can effectively inhibit the activity of tyrosinase. However, little attention has been paid to study the difference of their inhibitory mechanism. To reveal this difference, in this work a comparative study on the inhibitory effects of resveratrol and oxyresveratrol against cellular tyrosinase activity and melanin content were investigated by B16F0 cells, and the inhibitory mechanism of them on tyrosinase was revealed by cell-free tyrosinase inhibition, intrinsic fluorescence spectrum, circular dichroism and molecular docking. The results showed that the inhibitory capacity of oxyresveratrol toward tyrosinase activity and melanin formation was better than that of resveratrol. The difference of their inhibitory mechanism may be closely related to the different types of inhibition, the different strength of their interaction with tyrosinase and the different number of hydrogen bonds between them. The data in this study provide a scientific basis for revealing the inhibitory mechanisms of resveratrol and oxyresveratrol toward tyrosinase, and lay an experimental foundation for further development and utilization of them.

12.
Anal Chem ; 2020 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33237734

RESUMO

As vital important bioactive species, human serum albumin (HSA) and sulfur dioxide (SO2) are essential molecules in the organisms and act a pivotal part in many biological events. Although studies have shown that SO2-induced HSA radicals can cause oxidative damage, the underlying mechanism of the synergistic effect of HSA and SO2 in various diseases is obscure, mainly because of the lack of powerful tools that can simultaneously detect HSA and SO2 in living systems. In this work, we report a novel single-site, double-sensing fluorescent probe 1 for the simultaneous detection of HSA and SO2. The probe is based on our finding that HSA can catalyze a Michael addition reaction between the probe and SO2, which induces a change in fluorescence. Probe 1 can effectively entered the endoplasmic reticulum and can be used to image exogenously introduced and de novo synthesis of HSA in endoplasmic reticulum. Furthermore, the simultaneous detection of HSA and SO2 was realized for the first time with probe 1. More important, we observed that HSA still retains its activity to catalyze the Michael addition reaction of 1 and SO2 in living cells, which may provide a significant boost in the study of the role of HSA in medicine and pharmacy.

13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(45): e23065, 2020 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33157964

RESUMO

Dental general anesthesia (DGA) is a safe and high-quality restorative and preventive treatment option for children with severe early childhood caries (S-ECC), who require extensive dental treatment and exhibit anxiety and emotional or cognitive immaturity or are medically compromised. However, several postoperative complications have been reported in children under DGA. This study aimed to evaluate and analyze the prevalence of the relevant factors of postoperative complications in healthy Chinese children following DGA to provide a foundation for pre-, intra-, and postoperative overall health management for healthy and disabled children after DGA.A total of 369 systematically healthy Chinese children (36-71 months old) undergoing a DGA were studied. Data were collected on patients' histories, characteristics, anesthesia, and dental procedures. Parents or caregivers were interviewed before and 72 hours after the procedure. Data were analyzed using logistic regression.Approximately 94.86% of the enrolled children reported one or more complications. The most prevalent complication was postoperative pain (62.70%), followed by weariness, agitation, masticatory problems, drowsiness, oral bleeding, coughing, fever, sore throat, nausea, constipation, epistaxis, vomiting, excitement, and diarrhea. The long duration of the operation was a risk factor for postoperative pain and weariness. A high nutritional status could be a protective factor for postoperative fever.Prolonged operation means complex treatment, such as pulp therapy or extraction. We speculate that the longer the duration is, the more difficult the dental procedures are. The accumulation of discomfort leads to pain. We suspect that children in lower nutritional levels are more likely to suffer from bacteremia or dehydration, resulting in fever.Postoperative pain was the most prevalent complication after the DGA. A decrease in dental procedure duration might reduce the odds of postoperative pain and weariness. A high nutritional status could be a protective factor for postoperative fever. Children with low nutritional status could be more susceptible to postoperative fever.


Assuntos
Anestesia Dentária/efeitos adversos , Anestesia Geral/métodos , Cárie Dentária/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Bucais/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Anestesia Geral/estatística & dados numéricos , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estado Nutricional , Dor Pós-Operatória/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Estudos Prospectivos , Segurança
14.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 247: 119090, 2020 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33137626

RESUMO

In this work, we have developed a facile method for the synthesis of glycine-functionalized graphene quantum dots (Gly-GQDs) through post-modification of graphene quantum dots with Gly under alkaline conditions. The as-synthesized Gly-GQDs exhibit an excellent blue emission at 444 nm, independent of excitation, as well as a high quantum yield (QY) of 35.7%. The Gly-GQDs have a narrow size distribution with an average size of 5.9 nm. Moreover, the as-prepared Gly-GQDs showed a better selective and sensitive recognition capability towards mercury ion (Hg2+) in aqueous solutions with a low detection limit of 8.3 nM, compared with GQDs and other nitrogen-doped GQDs synthesized through the one-step solvent thermal method. Gly-GQDs are successfully applied for the determination of Hg2+ in real water samples. This work shows a new promising approach for the design and synthesis of desirable GQDs with a given function.

15.
J Oncol Pharm Pract ; : 1078155220962192, 2020 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33023385

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The study evaluated the effect of chemotherapy dose-capping on disease recurrence, toxicity and survival of rectal cancer patients treated with chemoradiotherapy (CRT). METHODS: 601 consecutive rectal cancer patients treated with concurrent CRT were retrospectively analysed. Dose-capped patients were defined as having a body surface area (BSA) ≥2.0 m2 and who received <95% full weight-based chemotherapy dose. Binary logistic regression was used to study the factors associated with the outcome variables (capped vs. uncapped). Kaplan-Meier estimation evaluated significant predictors of survival. RESULTS: The median follow-up time was 7.54 years. The rate of disease recurrence was significantly higher in dose-capped patients (35%) compared to those without dose-capping (24%, P = 0.016). The adjusted odds ratio for dose-capped patients experiencing recurrence was 1.64 compared to uncapped patients (95% CI, 1.10-2.43). Overall, dose-capped patients were less likely to experience significant toxicity requiring dose reduction and/or treatment break when compared to uncapped patients (15% and 28% respectively, P = 0.008).There was significant differences in PFS between capped and uncapped group (77% vs. 85%; P = 0.017). The 5-year OS in the capped group was 75.0%, and 80% in the uncapped group (P = 0.149). CONCLUSIONS: Rectal cancer patients treated with dose-capped CRT were at increased risk of disease recurrence. Patients dosed by actual BSA did experience excessive toxicity compared to dose-capped group. We recommend that chemotherapy dose-capping based on BSA should not be practiced in rectal cancer patients undergoing CRT.

16.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(38): 42576-42585, 2020 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32867474

RESUMO

Surface-tethered hierarchical polymer brushes find wide applications in the development of antibacterial surfaces due to the well-defined spatial distribution and the separate but complementary properties of different blocks. Existing methods to achieve such polymer brushes mainly focused on inorganic material substrates, precluding their practical applications on common medical devices. In this work, a hierarchical polymer brush system is proposed and facilely constructed on polymeric substrates via light living graft polymerization. The polymer brush system with micrometer-scale thickness exhibits a unique hierarchical architecture consisting of a poly(hydroxyethyl methacrylate) (PHEMA) outer layer and an anionic inner layer loading with cationic antimicrobial peptide (AMP) via electrostatic attraction. The surface of this system inhibits the initial adhesion of bacteria by the PHEMA hydration outer layer under neutral pH conditions; when bacteria adhere and proliferate on this surface, the bacterially induced acidification triggers the cleavage of labile amide bonds within the inner layer to expose the positively charged amines and vigorously release melittin (MLT), allowing the surface to timely kill the adhering bacteria. The hierarchical surface employs multiple antibacterial mechanisms to combat bacterial infection and shows high sensitiveness and responsiveness to pathogens. A new paradigm is supplied by this modular hierarchical polymer brushes system for the progress of intelligent surfaces on universal polymer substrates, showing great potential to a promising strategy for preventing infection related to medical devices.

17.
Talanta ; 219: 121317, 2020 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32887057

RESUMO

Long and real time imaging of cell membrane is very important for better understanding of cell performances in physiological and pathological processes. Nowadays, fluorescence probe analysis has become an indispensable tool for monitoring cell membrane. Herein, a novel fluorescent probe based on specific recognition of GABAA receptor was developed for imaging cell membrane. The probe synthesized in this work has been successfully applied to image different kinds of cell membrane with some advantages over the reported probes. Moreover, the probe also showed good superiority in the preliminary screening GABAA drugs.

18.
Cancer Cell ; 38(5): 716-733.e6, 2020 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32946775

RESUMO

Neuroblastoma (NB), which is a subtype of neural-crest-derived malignancy, is the most common extracranial solid tumor occurring in childhood. Despite extensive research, the underlying developmental origin of NB remains unclear. Using single-cell RNA sequencing, we generate transcriptomes of adrenal NB from 160,910 cells of 16 patients and transcriptomes of putative developmental cells of origin of NB from 12,103 cells of early human embryos and fetal adrenal glands at relatively late development stages. We find that most adrenal NB tumor cells transcriptionally mirror noradrenergic chromaffin cells. Malignant states also recapitulate the proliferation/differentiation status of chromaffin cells in the process of normal development. Our findings provide insight into developmental trajectories and cellular states underlying human initiation and progression of NB.

19.
Cancer Manag Res ; 12: 6935-6946, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32821162

RESUMO

Background: Oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma (OTSCC) represents oral epithelial cell damage. Myeloblastosis (MYB) is involved in OTSCC. This study tried to probe roles of MYB in OSCC with potential axis. Methods: Expression of MYB and miR-130a in OTSCC was detected. Western blot analysis was utilized to determine epithelial-mesenchymal transition-related protein levels. Dual-luciferase reporter gene assay certified the target relation between miR-130a and CYLD. Moreover, xenograft tumors in nude mice were applied to confirm the in vitro experiments. Results: Both MYB and miR-130a were highly expressed in OTSCC, which promoted cell growth. Meanwhile, silenced miR-130a discouraged cell development enhanced by overexpressed MYB. CYLD was poorly expressed in OTSCC and targeted by miR-130a. Additionally, MYB knockdown activated CYLD to suppress OTSCC by downregulating miR-130a. Conclusion: Our experiment supported that silenced MYB suppressed OTSCC malignancy by inhibiting miR-130a and activating CYLD. This investigation may provide novel insights for OTSCC treatment.

20.
Molecules ; 25(17)2020 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32825106

RESUMO

Lonicera Linn. is an important genus of the family Caprifoliaceae comprising of approximately 200 species, and some species of which have been usually used in traditional Chinese medicine for thousands of years. Some species of this genus can also be used in functional foods, cosmetics and other applications. The saponins, as one of most important bioactive components of the Lonicera Linn. genus, have attracted the attention of the scientific community. Thus, a comprehensive and systematic review on saponins from the genus is indispensable. In this review, 87 saponins and sapogenin from the genus of Lonicera Linn., together with their pharmacological activities including hepatoprotective, anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, anti-allergic, anti-tumor, and immunomodulatory effects, and hemolytic toxicity were summarized.

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