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1.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1094: 80-89, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31761050

RESUMO

In this paper, a composite electrode of N,P-doped Mo2C@C/Prussian blue (PB)/graphite felt (N,P-Mo2C@C/PB/GF) was prepared by a simple method and used for sensitive and effective detection of dopamine (DA). N,P-doped Mo2C nanospheres were prepared by using phosphomolybdic acid (PMo12) as an initiator to promote the polymerization of polypyrrole. Such nanospheres were used to accelerate the deposition process of PB from K3[Fe(CN)6] and FeCl3 in solution. The N,P-Mo2C@C/PB nanohybrid was then anchored to GF in order to obtain the electrochemical sensor. Two linear ranges were extrapolated for dopamine detection: from 0.18 to 30 µmol L-1 with a sensitivity of 0.268 µA µmol-1, and from 30 to 280 µmol L-1 with a sensitivity of 0.045 µA µmol-1. The device showed a detection limit as low as 0.011 µmol L-1, an excellent selectivity to DA over common interfering analytes, and a favorable long-time stability. Finally, the sensor was used for quantitative analysis of DA in the 10-fold dilution of human serum (10%) and exhibited a satisfactory recovery.

2.
Chemosphere ; 241: 125101, 2019 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31683431

RESUMO

Source diverted blackwater collected from toilets can be anaerobically digested to recover energy. The anaerobically digested blackwater (ADB) contains high levels of ammonium and low carbon to nitrogen (C/N) ratio. In the present study, ADB was treated by a two-stage nitritation-denitrification/anammox process in an integrated fixed film activated sludge-continuous flow reactor (IFAS-CFR). NH4+-N, NO2--N, total nitrogen (TN), and chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal efficiencies were 80%, 82%, 76%, and 78%, respectively. Anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox) and denitrification contributed to 44-48%, and 52-56% of total nitrogen removal, respectively. Both of the protein- and humic acid-like matters were removed during the process. An increase in feed load promoted the sustained growth of anammox bacteria-Candidatus Brocadia in the biofilm, as well as an increase of denitrifiers (Pseudomonas, Thermotonus, Phodanobacter, Caulobacter) in both biofilm and suspended biomass, which remained higher in the suspended biomass than in biofilm. Overall, biofilm had higher nitrogen removal efficiency than suspended biomass, while suspended biomass had a higher COD removal efficiency than biofilm.

4.
Chin J Traumatol ; 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31757743

RESUMO

We aim to report two cases of type Ⅱ odontoid fractures to share our experience in surgery treatment of type Ⅱ odontoid fractures. A 33-year-old woman with comminuted type Ⅱ odontoid fracture and a 42-year-old man with fracture end hardened type Ⅱ odontoid fracture received surgical treatment in our hospital. Though imaging examination suggested that these two patients were suitable for anterior screw fixation, we encountered difficulties during the operation. The two patients eventually underwent posterior C1-C2 fusion surgery and recovered well. According to the experience of these two cases, we found that the fracture line angle and the degree of comminution are two important factors affecting surgical decision-making. Although anterior screw fixation is the ideal choice for type Ⅱ odontoid fractures with anterior superior to posterior inferior fracture line, it may not be the best choice for comminuted or fracture end hardened type Ⅱ odontoid fractures.

5.
J Cosmet Dermatol ; 2019 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31709745

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pretibial dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (DEB-Pt) is an extremely rare subtype of dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (DEB) characterized by blistering and scar formation. The pathogenesis of the disease is mainly due to the mutation of COL7A1 gene encoding type VII collagen fibers, resulting in the destruction of the anchoring structure of the epidermis and dermis. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to discover the major mutations in DEB-Pt by studying this family and reviewing the literature on DEB-Pt. PATIENTS/METHODS: We examined the patients by clinical manifestations and histopathology, extracted DNA from blood samples from 7 individuals in the family via FlexiGene DNA Kit, and then sequenced the samples using whole-exon sequencing (WES). RESULT: Characteristic clinical manifestations such as blisters and scars were found in the patients. Genetic analysis revealed a missense mutation in exon 87(c.6860G>A) of COL7A1 gene, which has never been reported before. CONCLUSION: The discovery of the new mutation extends the COL7A1 mutation database. We also reviewed all the mutation in DEB-Pt from relevant literature at home and abroad. This will facilitate the molecular diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of DEB-Pt.

6.
Zool Res ; : 1-9, 2019 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31709784

RESUMO

Tylorrhynchus heterochaetus is a widespread benthic polychaete worm found in coastal brackish waters of the west Pacific. It has high ecological and economic value as a biomarker of water quality and as a high-quality feed in aquaculture and fisheries and is considered a delicacy in some areas of Asia. However, it has experienced a marked reduction in recent years due to overexploitation as well as changes in the environment and climate. Here, to comprehensively understand its genetic background and thus provide insights for better conservation and utilization of this species, we assessed the genetic variability and demographic history of T. heterochaetus individuals sampled from eight locations along the coasts of southeast China and north Vietnam based on mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase I (COI) sequences. We observed high haplotype diversity (Hd), with an average of 0.926, but relatively low nucleotide diversity (π), with a mean of 0.032 across all samples. A total of 94 polymorphic sites and 85 haplotypes were identified among 320 individuals. The pairwise genetic distances among haplotypes ranged from 0.001 to 0.067, with the high intraspecific divergence possibly reflecting geographic isolation and gene pool fragmentation. Significant genetic structures were revealed among the studied locations; specifically, the eight locations could be treated as six genetically different populations based on pairwise ΦSTresults (0.026-0.951, P<0.01). A significant pattern of isolation-by-distance was detected between the genetic and geographic distances (r=0.873, P=0.001). Three geographic lineages were defined based on phylogenetic tree and network analyses of COI haplotypes. AMOVA results indicated that genetic variations mainly occurred among the three lineages (89.96%). Tests of neutrality and mismatch distribution suggested that T. heterochaetus underwent recent population expansion. These results provide the first report on the genetic status of T. heterochaetus and will be valuable for the management of genetic resources and better understanding of the ecology and evolution in this species.

7.
Clin Rheumatol ; 2019 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31760539

RESUMO

In this study, we aimed to explore the expression levels of JAK2 and PTPRC in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from SLE patients and controls, detect the effects of SLE activity on genes mRNA expression, and find the association between genes mRNA expression and clinical manifestations of patients. We performed quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) to test differences in the expression levels of JAK2 and PTPRC in PBMCs extracted from 135 patients with SLE and 130 healthy controls. Furthermore, we detected the regulatory effect of SNPs on gene expression by expression quantitative trait loci (eQTL). We also tested whether the genes mRNA expression was affected with the SLE activity and analyzed the relationship between genes mRNA expression and clinical manifestations of patients. The mRNA expression levels of JAK2 in SLE patients were significantly higher than those in healthy controls (P = 0.005), and PTPRC mRNA expression levels were significantly decreased (P < 0.001). However, no other statistical significance was detected. We found that the elevated JAK2 mRNA expression and the decreased PTPRC mRNA expression may play suggestive roles in the pathogenesis of SLE.Key Points• The JAK2 mRNA expression levels in SLE patients were significantly higher than those in healthy controls.• The PTPRC mRNA expression levels in SLE were decreased.• JAK2 and PTPRC mRNA expression may play suggestive roles in the pathogenesis of SLE.

8.
Drugs ; 2019 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31749061

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The inhaled corticosteroid/long-acting ß2-agonist (ICS/LABA) fluticasone propionate/formoterol fumarate (FP/FORM; Flutiform®) has been available as fixed-dose combination (FDC) therapy for asthma patients aged ≥ 12 years in the UK since 2012. This post-authorisation safety study examined adverse outcomes and prescribing practices for FP/FORM and other FDC ICS/LABA therapies in a real-life clinical setting over 36 months. METHODS: Historical, longitudinal cohort database study using UK primary care data from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD) database, for patients initiated on or switched to an FDC ICS/LABA (ENCePP study number: EUPAS12330). The main cohort was adults aged ≥ 18 years with asthma. The primary outcome was incidence of new adverse outcomes after initiation of ICS/LABA; hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals were estimated for FP/FORM versus other FDC ICS/LABAs using Cox regression models. RESULTS: A total of 241,007 patients with an FDC ICS/LABA prescription were identified. In the adult asthma cohort (N = 41,609), the incidence rate of new adverse outcomes [in 100 patient-years (py)] was significantly lower for FP/FORM (24.75) versus fluticasone/salmeterol metered-dose inhaler [8.86; HR 1.14 (1.04, 1.25)], fluticasone/salmeterol dry powder inhaler [31.19; HR 1.18 (1.08, 1.29)], budesonide/formoterol [25.16; HR: 1.13 (1.03, 1.25)] and beclometasone/formoterol [25.47; HR 1.14 (1.04, 1.25)]. The overall prescribing rate was lower for FP/FORM (13.85 per 1000/py) than licensed FDC ICS/LABA comparators (20.30-28.13 per 1000/py). Of those prescribed FP/FORM, 80.8% were adults with asthma and < 7% were prescribed FP/FORM "off-label". CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that FP/FORM was associated with an overall lower adverse outcome rate than the licensed comparators.

9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(45): e17935, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31702680

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recently, many kinds of cages for cervical fusion have been developed to avoid the related complications caused by tricortical iliac crest graft. The existing literature has reported the excellent clinical efficacy and superior fusion rate. However, various types of cages have their own disadvantages. Which bone graft material is the best choice for cage with the fewest complications? At present, there is still no conclusion. METHODS: By reviewing patients with 1 to 2-level cervical degenerative disease in our hospital with a novel cage made of allograft or polyetheretherketone (PEEK), we evaluated the efficacy and reliability of the new cage in anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF). From 2015 to 2016, a prospective review of 58 and 49 consecutive cases with spondylotic radiculopathy or myelopathy undergoing ACDF using allograft (group A) and PEEK (group B) cage were performed. The follow-up ranged from 12 to 40 months. Intraoperative index, clinical outcome and complications were recorded. Radiographs evaluated segmental and overall cervical lordosis, the height of the intervertebral space, interbody height ratio (IHR), cage positioning, and fusion state. RESULTS: A total of 134 cages were implanted. Compared to preoperatively, the visual analog scale (VAS) and neck disability index (NDI) were reduced postoperatively without any change during the subsequent follow-up in both groups. There was no migration or extrusion of the cages at the latest follow-up. There were 2 and 4 patients suffering dysphagia respectively. In both groups, the intervertebral height, IHR, segmental and overall cervical lordosis were significantly greater than pre-operation (P < .05) and were maintained at the last follow-up, but were not statistically significant (P > .05). The allograft group achieved a fusion rate of 100% (58/58) according to CT scans at 3 months post-operation, while PEEK group was 91.8% (45/49), which reached 95.9% (47/49) at 6 months and 100% at 12 months. In addition, the fusion state was maintained in all patients at the last follow-up. CONCLUSION: Our data showed that the new allograft cage is superior to the PEEK cage in providing a high fusion rate and fewer complications after 1-level and 2-level ACDF procedures. It may represent an excellent alternative to other cages.


Assuntos
Aloenxertos/transplante , Discotomia/métodos , Fixadores Internos , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/cirurgia , Cetonas/uso terapêutico , Polietilenoglicóis/uso terapêutico , Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados não Aleatórios como Assunto , Próteses e Implantes , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Inflammation ; 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31773440

RESUMO

Psoriasis, a common skin inflammatory disorder, is characterized by the aberrant growth and differentiation of keratinocytes. Ar-Turmerone, a main bioactive ingredient of Curcuma longa, has been found to alleviate skin inflammation in psoriasis-like mice. However, the effects and underlying mechanism of ar-turmerone on keratinocytes remain unknown. The effects of ar-turmerone alone or combined with recombinant human sonic hedgehog (rhShh) on cell proliferation, apoptosis, and inflammatory cytokine secretion were explored by MTT, flow cytometry analysis, and ELISA, respectively. The mRNA and protein levels of Shh, glioblastoma-1 (Gli1), and smoothened (SMO) were determined by RT-qPCR and western blot analysis, respectively. Results disclosed that ar-turmerone dose-dependently suppressed proliferation, facilitated apoptosis, and reduced TNF-α-mediated production of interleukin (IL)-1ß, IL-6, and IL-8 in HaCaT cells. Ar-turmerone blocked Hedgehog pathway in HaCaT cells, as evidenced by the reduced expression of Shh, Gli1, and SMO. Moreover, activation of the Hedgehog pathway by rhShh abolished the effects of ar-turmerone on the proliferation, apoptosis, and TNF-α-mediated inflammatory cytokine expression in HaCaT cells. In conclusion, ar-turmerone suppressed cell proliferative ability and attenuated inflammatory cytokine expression by inactivating Hedgehog pathway in HaCaT cells, contributing to better understanding the potential anti-psoriasis effects of ar-turmerone on psoriasis.

11.
Orthop Surg ; 11(5): 906-913, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31663291

RESUMO

This article describes the trepan technique for treating single segment ossification of the ligamentum flavum (OLF) using an endoscope. OLF is the most common cause of thoracic spinal stenosis. The most common surgical procedures involve semi-lamina or full-lamina resection and decompression. However, considering the anatomical structure of the thoracic spinal canal and the combination of OLF, traditional surgery has higher risks, more complications, and greater technical requirements. In the past ten years, with the development of endoscopic technology, spinal endoscopy has been increasingly applied for the treatment of intervertebral disc herniation and spinal canal stenosis. The present study demonstrated the effectiveness of visual trepan decompression under spinal endoscopy used for patients with single segment OLF. This surgical procedure had many advantages, including a shorter operation time, minimal trauma, less expenditure, and better functional recovery over the conventional open surgery.

12.
Org Lett ; 21(20): 8464-8468, 2019 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31592665

RESUMO

A three-component and polarity-reversed addition cascade with a glyoxylate-based imine, an enol ether, and TMSN3 was established for the construction of γ-azido amino acids under visible light. This transformation features mild and redox-neutral conditions, affording a series of amino esters with excellent chemoselectivity. Preliminary mechanistic studies revealed that the addition of an oxyalkyl radical to imine is likely the rate-determining step. The obtained azido-containing amino esters could be successfully converted to various valuable building blocks.

13.
Int J Cancer ; 2019 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31618441

RESUMO

The endosome is a membrane-bound organ inside most eukaryotic cells, playing an important role in adaptive immunity by delivering endocytosed antigens to both MHC class I and II pathways. Here, by analyzing two published genome-wide association studies (GWASs), we evaluated associations between genetic variants in the endosome-related gene-set and survival of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The discovery included 44,112 (3,478 genotyped and 40,634 imputed) single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 220 genes in a single locus analysis for their associations with survival of 1,185 NSCLC patients from the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian (PLCO) Cancer Screening Trial. After validation of the 821 survival-associated significant SNPs in additional 984 NSCLC patients from the Harvard Lung Cancer Susceptibility study, 14 SNPs remained significant. The final multivariate stepwise Cox proportional hazards regression model in the PLCO datasets identified three potentially functional and independent SNPs (KIF16B rs1555195 C>T, NEDD4L rs11660748 A>G and rs73440898 A>G) with an adjusted hazards ratio (HR) of 0.86 [95% confidence interval (CI)=0.79-0.94, P=0.0007], 1.31 (1.16-1.47, P=6.0×10-5 ) and 1.27 (1.12-1.44, P=0.0001) for overall survival (OS), respectively. Combined analysis of the adverse genotypes of these three SNPs revealed a trend in the genotype-survival association (Ptrend <0.0001 for OS and Ptrend <0.0001 for disease-specific survival). Furthermore, the survival-associated KIF16B rs1555195T allele was significantly associated with decreased mRNA expression levels of KIF16B in both lung tissues and blood cells. Therefore, genetic variants of the endosome-related genes may be biomarker for NSCLC survival, possibly through modulating the expression of corresponding genes. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

14.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 132(20): 2417-2422, 2019 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31634243

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Spider nevi (SN) are quite common in children. SN are treated via different techniques, and complete removal often requires multiple treatments. However, few studies have evaluated the treatment of SN. The present study aimed to evaluate the therapeutic effect and safety of a 595-nm pulsed-dye laser (PDL) for treating facial SN in children. METHODS: A total of 110 children aged 0.2 to 12 years with facial SN were treated with a 595-nm PDL in a single institution from January 2016 to February 2018. In accordance with the treatment method, the patients were retrospectively divided into the small-spot-combined-with-large-spot group (SL-group) and the large-spot group (L-group). Patients with poor therapeutic results were re-treated every 6 weeks until the lesions disappeared. The minimum follow-up period was 1 year. The groups were compared using independent-samples t tests, Mann-Whitney U test, Chi-square test, and Fisher exact probability test. RESULTS: The therapeutic efficacy was significantly higher in the SL-group than in the L-group, with clearance rates of 90.9% and 53.0% after the primary treatment, respectively (χ = 17.937, P < 0.001). For skin lesions with a central spider body diameter ≥1 mm, the once-treatment cure rates were 100% in the SL-group and 34.8% in the L-group (χ = 20.780, P < 0.001). For skin lesions with a central spider body diameter <1 mm, the once-treatment cure rates were 82.6% in the SL-group and 62.8% in the L-group (χ = 3.961, P = 0.138). The rates of adverse reactions and recurrence did not differ between the two groups (P = 0.141 and P = 1.000, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: The 595-nm PDL might be a safe and effective treatment option for facial SN in children. The small-spot-combined-with-large-spot method is especially suitable for SN with a central spider body diameter ≥1 mm.

15.
Neurol Res ; 41(12): 1051-1058, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31613201

RESUMO

Objective: To observe the clinical effect of anterior debridement, decompression, bone grafting, and instrumentation for cervical spinal tuberculosis in four hospitals. Materials and Methods: This research retrospectively analyzed 146 patients with cervical spinal tuberculosis who were treated by anterior debridement, decompression, bone grafting, and instrumentation in four institutions between January 2000 and January 2015. There were 68 males and 78 females with an average age of 31.32 ± 11.69 years. All patients received chemotherapy for 18 months after surgery, and fixed by brace for 3 months. Clinical outcome, laboratory indexes and radiological results were analyzed to evaluate the efficacy of anterior approach surgery in the treatment of cervical spinal tuberculosis. Results: All cases were followed up about 18 to 52 months later (average 24 months). At the last follow-up, all patients obtained bone fusion, pain relief and neurological recovery. There was no recurrence in any of the patients, and no complications related to internal fixation. There were statistically significant differences before and after treatment in terms of Visual analog scale (VAS), Neck disability index (NDI) and Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA)(P < 0.05). During the last follow-up examination, in 83 patients with neurological deficit, 78 patients improved. The kyphosis was significantly improved postoperatively (P < 0.05). At the last follow-up, the Cobb angle had some degree of correction loss, but the difference was not statistically significant. Conclusion: Our study suggests that one-stage anterior debridement, decompression, bone grafting, and instrumentation are safe and effective methods in the surgical management of cervical spinal tuberculosis. Abbreviation: VAS: Visual Analog Scale; JOA: Japanese Orthopaedic Association; NDI: Neck Disability Index; ESR: Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate; ASIA: American Spinal Injury Association; TB: Tuberculosis.

16.
Orthop Surg ; 2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31568641

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of three surgical approaches for the treatment of cervicothoracic tuberculosis. METHODS: This is a multicenter retrospective study. We analyzed 74 patients with cervicothoracic tuberculosis who were treated in six institutions between January 2000 and January 2015. There were 37 male and 37 female patients, with an average age of 24 years (range, 5-62 years). The operative method was selected according to the indications. A total of 33 patients underwent one-stage anterior surgery (group A); 16 underwent a combined anterior and posterior surgery (group B) and 25 underwent one-stage posterior surgery (group C). Clinical outcomes, laboratory indexes, and radiological results were analyzed. RESULTS: All cases were followed up for approximately 36-96 months post-surgery (average, 39 months). At the last follow-up, patients in all three groups had achieved bone fusion, with pain relief and neurological recovery. No major vessel and nerve injuries were found during the operation. There were significant differences before and after treatment for visual analogue scale (VAS), neck disability index (NDI), and Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) score (P < 0.001). Three surgical strategies significantly improved kyphosis (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: The choice of operation for cervicothoracic tuberculosis should be selected based on the pathological changes, scope, and general physical condition of the patient. The indication for a posterior approach is narrow and it should be used selectively. The combined anterior and posterior approach involved a longer operating time, larger blood loss, and greater trauma, and also required a higher level of surgical skill. Therefore, the indications for this approach should be strictly controlled. Anterior approach surgery for the treatment of cervicothoracic tuberculosis showed excellent efficacy and fewer complications.

17.
J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong) ; 27(3): 2309499019874876, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31554492

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to examine the iliac vascular space in patients with lumbosacral tuberculosis and to evaluate the feasibility of anterior internal fixation for lumbosacral tuberculosis. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed in 36 patients with lumbosacral tuberculosis. The preoperative three-dimensional computed tomography angiography images were analyzed for anatomical parameters. RESULTS: There were large variations among the anterior lumbosacral iliac vessels. Predominantly, the left iliac vein and the right iliac artery formed the two borders of the triangular iliac vascular space in the coronal plane. The mean distance between the iliac vessels straddle point and the inferior endplate of L5 was 15.01 ± 15.08 mm. In the sagittal plane, presacral abscess increased the distance between the posterior iliac vessel and the anterior vertebra. The distances on the left and right sides were 9.94 ± 6.03 and 10.15 ± 5.46 mm, respectively, at the inferior endplate of L5 and were 11.90 ± 6.97 and 11.68 ± 5.52 mm, respectively, at the superior endplate of S1. CONCLUSIONS: The space on sagittal plane occupied by presacral abscess may push forward the vessels and therefore provide opportunities for anterior internal fixation.

18.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 38(1): 389, 2019 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31488217

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In cancer progression, hypoxia, or low oxygen tension, is a major regulator of tumor aggressiveness and metastasis. However, how cancer cells adapt to the hypoxia and communicate with other mesenchymal cells in microenvironment during tumor development remains to be elucidated. Here, we investigated the involvement of exosomes in modulating angiogenesis and enhancing metastasis in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). METHODS: Differential centrifugation, transmission electron microscopy and nanoparticle tracking analysis were used to isolate and characterize exosomes. Colony formation and transwell assay were performed to assess the proliferation, migration and invasion of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). The tube formation assay and matrigel plug assay were used to evaluate the vascular formation ability of HUVECs in vitro and in vivo respectively. An in vivo nude mice model was established to detect the regulatory role of exosomes in ESCC progression. Microarray analysis was performed to analyze the transcriptome profiles in HUVECs. RESULTS: Exosomes derived from ESCC cells cultured under hypoxia played a better role in promoting proliferation, migration, invasion and tube formation of HUVECs in vitro and in vivo than exosomes from ESCC cells cultured under normoxia. Moreover, hypoxic exosomes significantly enhanced the tumor growth and lung metastasis compared with normoxic exosomes in nude mice models. Interestingly, endothelial cells were programmed by hypoxic and normoxic exosomes from ESCC cells which altered the transcriptome profile of HUVECs. CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, our data identified an angiogenic role of exosomes from ESCC cells which shed light on the further application of exosomes as valuable therapeutic target for ESCC.

19.
Biomed Tech (Berl) ; 2019 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31525154

RESUMO

Due to velopharyngeal incompetence, airflow overflows from the oral cavity to the nasal cavity, which results in hypernasality. Hypernasality greatly reduces speech intelligibility and affects the daily communication of patients with cleft palate. Accurate assessment of hypernasality grades can provide assisted diagnosis for speech-language pathologists (SLPs) in clinical settings. Utilizing a support vector machine (SVM), this paper classifies speech recordings into four grades (normal, mild, moderate and severe hypernasality) based on vocal tract characteristics. Linear prediction (LP) analysis is widely used to model the vocal tract. Glottal source information may be included in the LP-based spectrum. The stabilized weighted linear prediction (SWLP) method, which imposes the temporal weights on the closed-phase interval of the glottal cycle, is a more robust approach for modeling the vocal tract. The extended weighted linear prediction (XLP) method weights each lagged speech signal separately, which achieves a finer time scale on the spectral envelope than the SWLP method. Tested speech recordings were collected from 60 subjects with cleft palate and 20 control subjects, and included a total of 4640 Mandarin syllables. The experimental results showed that the spectral envelope of normal speech decreases faster than that of hypernasal speech in the high-frequency part. The experimental results also indicate that the SWLP- and XLP-based methods have smaller correlation coefficients between normal and hypernasal speech than the LP method. Thus, the SWLP and XLP methods have better ability to distinguish hypernasal from normal speech than the LP method. The classification accuracies of the four hypernasality grades using the SWLP and XLP methods range from 83.86% to 97.47%. The selection of the model order and the size of the weight function are also discussed in this paper.

20.
J Cell Biochem ; 2019 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31452277

RESUMO

MiRNAs were involved in the various biological process through mediating the posttranscriptional gene silencing. The abnormal expression of miRNAs is also involved in various disorders. Our previous study showed that miRNA-27a (miR-27a) was upregulated after ultraviolet B (UVB) irradiation. However, the function of miR-27a in UVB-induced cell damage is still unclear. In this study, we used the miR-27a overexpression and knockdown lentivirus to transfect UVB irradiated HaCaT cell line and observed the influence of miR-27a on UVB irradiated damages in cells. We found that miR-27a removed cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers (CPDs) and decreased the cell apoptosis after UVB radiation. Further studies showed that miR-27a directly decreased the expression and luciferase activity of target genes transactive response DNA-binding protein (TARDBP) and apoptotic protease activating factor-1 (APAF-1). In conclusion, miR-27a can inhibit CPDs, reduce the cell apoptosis and down-regulate its target genes TARDBP and APAF-1 induced by UVB irradiation in HaCaT cells. It is indicated that miR-27a may serve as a target for UVB irradiation protection.

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