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1.
Glob Chang Biol ; 2022 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35567539

RESUMO

Seasonal differences in plant and microbial nitrogen (N) acquisition are believed to be a major mechanism that maximizes ecosystem N retention. There is also a concern that climate change may interrupt the delicate balance in N allocation between plants and microbes. Yet, convincing experimental evidence is still lacking. Using a 15 N tracer, we assessed how deepened snow affects the temporal coupling between plant and microbial N utilization in a temperate Mongolian grassland. We found that microbial 15 N recovery peaked in winter, accounting for 22% of the total ecosystem 15 N recovery, and then rapidly declined during the spring thaw. By stimulating N loss via N2 O emission and leaching, deepened snow reduced the total ecosystem 15 N recovery by 42% during the spring thaw. As the growing season progresses, the 15 N released from microbial biomass was taken up by plants, and the competitive advantage for N shifted from microbes to plants. Plant 15 N recovery reached its peak in August, accounting for 17% of the total ecosystem 15 N recovery. The Granger causality test showed that the temporal dynamics of plant 15 N recovery can be predicted by microbial 15 N recovery under ambient snow but not under deepened snow. In addition, plant 15 N recovery in August was positively correlated with and best explained by microbial 15 N recovery in March. The lower microbial 15 N recovery under deepened snow in March reduced plant 15 N recovery by 73% in August. Together, our results provide direct evidence of seasonal differences in plant and microbial N utilization that are conducive to ecosystem N retention, however, deepened snow disrupted the temporal coupling between plant-microbial N use and turnover. These findings suggest that changes in snowfall patterns may significantly alter ecosystem N cycling and N-based greenhouse gas emissions under future climate change. We highlight the importance of better representing winter processes and their response to winter climate change in biogeochemical models when assessing N cycling under global change.

2.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(7): 1932-1941, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35534264

RESUMO

This study aims to explore the toxicity mechanism of Rhododendri Mollis Flos(RMF) based on serum metabolomics and network toxicology. The toxic effect of RMF on normal rats was evaluated according to the symptoms, serum biochemical indexes, and histopathology. Serum metabolomics was combined with multivariate statistical analysis to search endogenous differential metabolites and related metabolic pathways. The toxic components, targets, and signaling pathways of RMF were screened by network toxicology technique, and the component-target-metabolite-metabolic pathway network was established with the help of serum metabolomics. The result suggested the neurotoxicity, hepatotoxicity, and cardiotoxicity of RMF. A total of 31 differential metabolites and 10 main metabolic pathways were identified by serum metabolomics, and 11 toxic components, 332 related target genes and 141 main signaling pathways were screened out by network toxicology. Further analysis yielded 7 key toxic components: grayanotoxin Ⅲ,grayanotoxinⅠ, rhodojaponin Ⅱ, rhodojaponin Ⅴ, rhodojaponin Ⅵ, rhodojaponin Ⅶ, and kalmanol, which acted on the following 12 key targets: androgen receptor(AR), albumin(ALB), estrogen receptor ß(ESR2), sex-hormone binding globulin(SHBG), type 11 hydroxysteroid(17-beta) dehydrogenase(HSD17 B11), estrogen receptor α(ESR1), retinoic X receptor-gamma(RXRG), lactate dehydrogenase type C(LDHC), Aldo-keto reductase(AKR) 1 C family member 3(AKR1 C3), ATP binding cassette subfamily B member 1(ABCB1), UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 2 B7(UGT2 B7), and glutamate-ammonia ligase(GLUL). These targets interfered with the metabolism of gamma-aminobutyric acid, estriol, testosterone, retinoic acid, 2-oxobutyric acid, and affected 4 key metabolic pathways of alanine, aspartate and glutamate metabolism, cysteine and methionine metabolism, steroid hormone biosynthesis, and retinol metabolism. RMF exerts toxic effect on multiple systems through multiple components, targets, and pathways. Through the analysis of key toxic components, target genes, metabolites, and metabolic pathways, this study unveiled the mechanism of potential neurotoxicity, cardiotoxicity, and hepatotoxicity of RMF, which is expected to provide a clue for the basic research on toxic Chinese medicinals.


Assuntos
Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Animais , Cardiotoxicidade , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/toxicidade , Hormônios , Metabolômica , Ratos
3.
Leukemia ; 2022 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35562407

RESUMO

We interrogated data from 278 consecutive subjects with chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) presenting in accelerated phase diagnosed by European LeukemiaNet (ELN) criteria receiving initial imatinib (n = 187) or a 2nd-generation tyrosine kinase-inhibitor (2G-TKI; n = 91). In multi-variable analyses, blood and/or bone marrow blasts ≥15% (Hazard ratio [HR] = 3.7 [1.6, 8.5], p = 0.003) and blood basophils <3% (HR = 4.6 [2.0, 10.7], p < 0.001) were significantly-associated with worse transformation-free survival (TFS). Age ≥60 years (HR = 4.3 [1.7, 11.4], p = 0.003), platelet concentration <230 × 10E + 9/L (HR = 4.7 [2.0, 10.7], p < 0.001) and blood and/or bone marrow blasts ≥9% (HR = 3.9 [1.7, 8.7], p = 0.001) were significantly-associated with worse survival. Based on number of adverse prognostic co-variates of TFS and survival, respectively, subjects were classified into the low- (none), intermediate- (one) and high-risk (≥2) cohorts with significant difference in TFS and survival (all p < 0.001). In propensity-score matching analysis subjects initially receiving a 2G-TKI had higher cumulative incidences of cytogenetic and molecular responses but similar TFS and survival to those receiving imatinib. Our data should help inform physicians treating person with CML initially presenting in accelerated phase.

4.
Dalton Trans ; 2022 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35546118

RESUMO

A three-dimensional crosslinked CFs@CNT/CoSx nanocomposite was successfully synthesized by in situ growing carbon nanotubes on carbon nanofibers and a facile sulfurization process. The carbon nanotubes synthesized by sintering melamine under the catalysis of cobalt can increase the specific surface areas and provide abundant sodium ion diffusion channels for the composite. Meanwhile, the formed cobalt sulfide nanoparticles will increase the active sites on the surface of CFs@CNT/CoSx. Due to the rational design of the composite structure, such an anode can deliver a specific capacity of 423.7 mA h g-1 after 100 cycles at 100 mA g-1 and exhibit superior rate performance of retaining 324.1 mA h g-1 at 2 A g-1 for sodium storage.

5.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 22(1): 390, 2022 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35513779

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Progesterone is widely used to improve the adverse pregnancy outcomes related to vaginal bleeding during early pregnancy. However, the evidence of its effectiveness is equivocal. METHODS: Six thousand six hundred fifteen mother-infant pairs from Tongji Maternal and Child Health Cohort (TMCHC) were involved in the study. Information on vaginal bleeding, progesterone administration in early pregnancy were obtained at enrolment. Birth outcomes were obtained from the hospital notes. Body weight of the infants at 12 months of age was collected by telephone interview. Multivariable logistic regression was conducted to estimate the effect of vaginal bleeding and progesterone administration in early pregnancy on birth outcomes and weight status of infants at 12 months of age. RESULTS: 21.4% (1418/6615) participants experienced bleeding in early pregnancy, and 47.5% (674/1418) of them were treated with progesterone. There were no significant associations between progesterone supplementation in early pregnancy and offspring outcomes. Compared to women without bleeding or any therapy, women with bleeding and progesterone therapy experienced increased risk of preterm (OR 1.74, 95% CI 1.21-2.52), and delivering a small-for-gestational-age (SGA) (OR 1.46, 95% CI 1.07-1.98) or low birth weight (LBW) (OR 2.10, 95% CI 1.25-3.51) neonate, and offspring of them had an increased risk of weight for age z-score (WAZ) < -1 at 12 months of age (OR 1.79, 95%CI 1.01-3.19). CONCLUSIONS: Offspring of mothers with bleeding and progesterone therapy were more likely to be a premature, SGA or LBW neonate, and had lower weight at 12 months of age. Progesterone supplementation may have no beneficial effect on improving adverse offspring outcomes related to early vaginal bleeding. TRIAL REGISTRATION: TMCHC was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT03099837 on 4 April 2017.


Assuntos
Nascimento Prematuro , Progesterona , Hemorragia Uterina , Suplementos Nutricionais , Feminino , Retardo do Crescimento Fetal , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido Pequeno para a Idade Gestacional , Gravidez , Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , Progesterona/uso terapêutico , Estudos Prospectivos , Hemorragia Uterina/tratamento farmacológico , Hemorragia Uterina/epidemiologia
6.
Med Image Anal ; 79: 102428, 2022 Mar 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35500498

RESUMO

A key factor for assessing the state of the heart after myocardial infarction (MI) is to measure whether the myocardium segment is viable after reperfusion or revascularization therapy. Delayed enhancement-MRI or DE-MRI, which is performed 10 min after injection of the contrast agent, provides high contrast between viable and nonviable myocardium and is therefore a method of choice to evaluate the extent of MI. To automatically assess myocardial status, the results of the EMIDEC challenge that focused on this task are presented in this paper. The challenge's main objectives were twofold. First, to evaluate if deep learning methods can distinguish between non-infarct and pathological exams, i.e. exams with or without hyperenhanced area. Second, to automatically calculate the extent of myocardial infarction. The publicly available database consists of 150 exams divided into 50 cases without any hyperenhanced area after injection of a contrast agent and 100 cases with myocardial infarction (and then with a hyperenhanced area on DE-MRI), whatever their inclusion in the cardiac emergency department. Along with MRI, clinical characteristics are also provided. The obtained results issued from several works show that the automatic classification of an exam is a reachable task (the best method providing an accuracy of 0.92), and the automatic segmentation of the myocardium is possible. However, the segmentation of the diseased area needs to be improved, mainly due to the small size of these areas and the lack of contrast with the surrounding structures.

7.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 14(15): 17849-17857, 2022 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35389212

RESUMO

Inorganic/organic dielectric composites with outstanding energy storage properties at a low electric field possess the advantages of low operating voltage and small probability of failure. Composites filled with two-dimensional inorganic nanosheets have attracted much attention owing to their fewer interfacial defects caused by the agglomeration of fillers. Continuous oxide films with a preferred orientation can play a significant role in enhancing energy storage. The challenge is to prepare large-sized, freestanding, single-crystal, ferroelectric oxide films and to combine them with polymers. In this work, a well-developed water-dissolvent process was used to transfer millimeter-sized (100)-oriented BaTiO3 (BTO) films. Poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF)-based heterojunctions sandwiched with the single-crystal films were synthesized via the transferring process and an optimized hot-pressing technique. By virtue of high ion displacement polarization and inhibited conductive path formation of single-crystal BTO films, the energy storage density and efficiency of BTO/PVDF heterojunctions reach 1.56 J cm-3 and 71.2% at a low electric field of 120 MV m-1, which are much higher than those of pure PVDF and BTO nanoparticles/PVDF composite films, respectively. A finite-element simulation was employed to further confirm the experimental results. This work provides an effective approach to enhance energy storage properties in various polymer-based composites and opens the door to advanced dielectric capacitors.

8.
iScience ; 25(4): 104157, 2022 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35434567

RESUMO

In nature, many organisms (e.g., chameleons) protect themselves by changing their colors in response to environmental changes. Inspired by these organisms, we present a multi-responsive, flexible, and structurally colored hydrogel film with a one-dimensional (1D) ordered periodic groove structure. The groove structure endows the film with bright, highly angle-dependent structural colors, which can be reversibly tuned by stretching and releasing. In addition, because of the thermosensitive properties of the hydrogel, the film can be switched between colored state and opaque white state with temperature. In addition, the optical state of the film is sensitive to solvent and can be reversibly changed between colored state and transparent state with soaking and evaporation of the solvent. This reversible, multi-responsive, flexible, and structurally colored hydrogel film has great potential to be used in the fields of color display, sensors, anti-counterfeiting, and so on because of its flexible and diverse tuning methods, excellent optical performance, and convenient preparation process.

9.
Front Nutr ; 9: 831950, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35425797

RESUMO

The aims of this research are to elucidate whether serum retinol is associated with type 2 diabetes and to explore the underlying mechanisms of the association in a prospective cohort study. A total of 3,526 diabetes-free participants aged 40 years or older were enrolled at baseline in 2010-2012. Multivariable logistic regression was adopted to evaluate the associations of serum retinol and dietary vitamin A (VA) intake with type 2 diabetes. Mediation analyses were used to reveal potential mediators in their associations. After a mean follow-up of 5.3 years, 280 incident cases of type 2 diabetes occurred. Serum retinol was positively associated with the incidence of type 2 diabetes. The multivariable-adjusted odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for type 2 diabetes from the bottom to the top quintile of serum retinol were 1, 1.878 (1.202, 2.936), 2.110 (1.364, 3.263), 1.614 (1.027, 2.538), and 2.134 (1.377, 3.306) (p-trend = 0.009), respectively. Mediation analysis showed that increased homeostasis model assessment - insulin resistance HOMA-IR, triglycerides (TG), and serum xanthine oxidase (XO) activity could account for 8.5, 14.7, and 12.1% of the total effects of serum retinol on type 2 diabetes, respectively. Serum retinol concentration was not significantly associated with dietary VA intake (r = -0.010, p = 0.570). In addition, no significant relationship was observed between dietary VA intake and the risk of type 2 diabetes. Overall, elevated serum retinol might increase the risk of type 2 diabetes which is mainly mediated by increased insulin resistance, TG, or serum XO activity.

10.
Cell Rep ; 39(2): 110672, 2022 04 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35417718

RESUMO

Phospholipid biosynthesis plays a role in mediating membrane-to-histone communication that influences metabolic decisions. Upon nutrient deprivation, phospholipid methylation generates a starvation signal in the form of S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) depletion, leading to dynamic changes in histone methylation. Here we show that the SAM-responsive methylation of H3K36 is critical for metabolic adaptation to nutrient starvation in the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We find that mutants deficient in H3K36 methylation exhibit defects in membrane integrity and pyrimidine metabolism and lose viability quickly under starvation. Adjusting the synthesis of phospholipids potently rewires metabolic pathways for nucleotide synthesis and boosts the production of antioxidants, ameliorating the defects resulting from the loss of H3K36 methylation. We further demonstrate that H3K36 methylation reciprocally regulates phospholipid synthesis by influencing redox balance. Our study illustrates an adaptive mechanism whereby phospholipid synthesis entails a histone modification to reprogram metabolism for adaptation in a eukaryotic model organism.


Assuntos
Histonas , Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae , Histonas/metabolismo , Metilação , Fosfatidilcolinas/metabolismo , Fosfolipídeos/metabolismo , S-Adenosilmetionina/metabolismo , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética , Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo
11.
Biomed Mater ; 17(3)2022 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35443238

RESUMO

Designing hydrogel-based constructs capable of adjusting immune cell functions holds promise for skin tissue regeneration. Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC)-derived small extracellular vesicles (sEVs) have attracted increasing attention owing to their anti-inflammatory and proangiogenic effects. Herein, we constructed a biofunctional hydrogel in which MSC-derived sEVs were incorporated into the injectable hyaluronic acid hydrogel, thus endowing the hydrogel with immunomodulatory effects. When implanted onto the wound site in a mouse large skin injury model, this functional hydrogel facilitates wound healing and inhibits scar tissue formation by driving macrophages towards an anti-inflammatory and anti-fibrotic (M2c) phenotype. Further investigation showed that the M2c-like phenotype induced by MSC-derived sEVs markedly inhibited the activation of fibroblasts, which could result in scarless skin wound healing. Taken together, these results suggest that modulation of the immune response is a promising and efficient approach to prevent fibrotic scar formation.


Assuntos
Hidrogéis , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios , Cicatriz/prevenção & controle , Ácido Hialurônico , Imunidade , Imunomodulação , Camundongos , Pele
13.
J Pain Res ; 15: 789-799, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35386423

RESUMO

Purpose: To identify latent classes of acute stroke patients with distinct experiences with the symptom clusters of depression, anxiety, fatigue, sleep disturbance, and pain symptoms and assess, if the selected variables determine a symptom-cluster experience in acute stroke patients. Participants and Methods: A sample of 690 participants were collected from July 2020 to December 2020 in a cross-sectional descriptive study. Latent class analysis was conducted to distinguish different clusters of acute stroke participants who experienced five patient-reported symptoms. Furthermore, multinomial logistic regression was selected to verify the influencing indicators of each subgroup, with selected socio-demographic variables, clinical characteristics, self-efficacy, and perceived social support as independent variables and the different latent classes as the dependent variable. Results: Three latent classes, named "all high symptom," "high psychological disorder," and "all low symptom," were identified, accounting for 9.6%, 26.3%, and 64.1% of symptom clusters, respectively. Patients in the "all high symptom" and "high psychological disorder" classes reported significantly lower quality of life (F=40.21, p <0.05). Female gender, younger age, higher National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale scores, and lower self-efficacy and perceived social support were risk factors associated with the "high psychological disorder" class. Younger patients with lower self-efficacy and perceived social support were more likely to be in the "all high symptom" class. Conclusion: This study identified latent classes of acute stroke patients that can be used in predicting symptom-cluster experiences following a stroke. Also, the ability to characterize subgroups of patients with distinct symptom experiences helps identify high-risk patients. Focusing on symptom clusters in clinical practice can inspire us to create effective targeted interventions for subgroups of stroke patients suffering from the same symptom cluster.

14.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol ; 10: 841958, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35387307

RESUMO

Subtype classification is critical in the treatment of gliomas because different subtypes lead to different treatment options and postoperative care. Although many radiological- or histological-based glioma classification algorithms have been developed, most of them focus on single-modality data. In this paper, we propose an innovative two-stage model to classify gliomas into three subtypes (i.e., glioblastoma, oligodendroglioma, and astrocytoma) based on radiology and histology data. In the first stage, our model classifies each image as having glioblastoma or not. Based on the obtained non-glioblastoma images, the second stage aims to accurately distinguish astrocytoma and oligodendroglioma. The radiological images and histological images pass through the two-stage design with 3D and 2D models, respectively. Then, an ensemble classification network is designed to automatically integrate the features of the two modalities. We have verified our method by participating in the MICCAI 2020 CPM-RadPath Challenge and won 1st place. Our proposed model achieves high performance on the validation set with a balanced accuracy of 0.889, Cohen's Kappa of 0.903, and an F1-score of 0.943. Our model could advance multimodal-based glioma research and provide assistance to pathologists and neurologists in diagnosing glioma subtypes. The code has been publicly available online at https://github.com/Xiyue-Wang/1st-in-MICCAI2020-CPM.

15.
Biomark Res ; 10(1): 21, 2022 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35418149

RESUMO

Platinum-based chemotherapy was previously the first-choice treatment for lung cancer. The discovery of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene mutations and the development of EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) marked the beginning of the targeted therapy era for non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Thirty percent of NSCLC patients carry EGFR gene mutations. For these advanced NSCLC patients, EGFR-TKIs are currently preferred for their superior activity and survival benefits over platinum-based chemotherapy. However, therapeutic efficacy is quite different in patients with EGFR exon 20 insertion (ex20ins) mutations versus common mutations. Patients with ex20ins mutations are insensitive to EGFR-TKIs and have poor prognosis. Some drugs targeting EGFR ex20ins mutations have been approved. Here, we systematically reviewed the recent clinical research of and treatments used for EGFR ex20ins mutations, summarized the latest data on emerging therapies, and discussed future prospects and treatments.

16.
Front Oncol ; 12: 856402, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35402246

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the dosimetric characteristics and the clinical application of radioactive iodine-125 brachytherapy stent (RIBS) in malignant esophageal obstruction. Methods: The dose distribution of RIBS with different seed spacing, diameter and length was studied by treatment planning system (TPS) calculation, thermoluminescence dosimeter (TLD) measurement and Monte Carlo (MC) data fitting. And the data of esophageal cancer patients who were treat with this type of RIBS was analyzed retrospectively. Results: Doses around the RIBS calculated by the TPS lay between those measured by the TLDs and those simulated by the MC, and the differences between the three methods were significant (p<0.05), the overall absolute dose differences among the three methods were small. Dose coverage at 1.5 cm from the center was comprehensive when the activity reached 0.6 mCi. Both the conformability and the uniformity of isodose lines produced by a seed spacing of 1.0 cm were superior to those produced by a seed spacing of 1.5 cm. The data of 50 patients treated with RIBS was analyzed. They were followed up until February 2020 when all of the patients died. The overall improvement rate of dysphagia after RIBS implant was 90%. Moderate and severe complications with an incidence of more than 10% were hematemesis (28%), pain (20%), and lung infection (10%). Stent restenosis occurred in 4 patients at a median interval of 108 days from the procedure. The overall incidence of fatal complications was 38% (including hematemesis, infection and asphyxia). The median survival time of patients with and without a history of radiotherapy were 3.4 months and 6 months, respectively, the difference of which was significant (p=0.021). No other factors affecting survival were identified. For patients with and without a history of radiotherapy, the incidences of fatal complications were 51.7% and 19%, respectively (p=0.019). No correlation between dose and stent restenosis was found. Conclusion: TPS calculations are suitable for clinical applications. RIBS can effectively alleviate obstructive symptoms for patients with malignant esophageal obstruction, but the incidence of fatal complications was high, care should be taken when choosing this treatment.

17.
J Chromatogr A ; 1673: 463081, 2022 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35489242

RESUMO

In the current study, natural cotton fiber was served as the supporter of water, and the water acted as an extractant for liquid-phase microextraction of polar components in low-polar edible oils. An in-syringe extraction device was constructed to facilitate the extraction process by simply loading a certain amount of cotton fibers between the syringe needle and the plastic syringe tube. Then, the extraction process can be conveniently conducted by pull-push the syringe plunger. It can be regarded as a new type of dynamic liquid-phase microextraction method while operated more convent. For the feasibility study, the novel in-syringe cotton fiber-supported liquid extraction (CF-SLECF-SLE) pretreatment method was applied to extract free 3-mono-chloropropane-1,2-diol (3-MCPD) in edible oils. Specifically, the cotton fibers supported a certain amount of water by successfully pulling-pushing 1 mL of water and 1 mL of HEX in/out twice, respectively. Then, 2.0 mL of diluted oil sample (containing 0.4 g oil) was loaded in and out four times for extraction, during which process 3-MCPD was extracted into the supported water. The extracted 3-MCPD was desorbed with 1 mL of ethyl acetate (EA), derivatized with trimethyl silane imidazole (TMSI), and analyzed by gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (GC-MS/MS). For three different spiked edible oils, the internal standard normalized matrix effect (IS-normalized ME) values were in ranges of 96.3-104.8% with RSD being 4.3%, benefiting the accurate quantitative analysis. The limit of quantification (LOQ) was calculated to be 2 ng/g, which met the regular determination requirement of 3-MCPD in edible oils. Satisfied linearity was obtained in 2-500 ng/g, with correlation coefficients (R2) being 0.998. The relative recoveries were in the ranges of 96.9-110.5%. The intra-/inter-day RSDs were less than 8.2% and 10.2%, respectively. The proposed method provides an efficient, simple, low-cost, and easy to automate strategy for determining free 3-MCPD in edible oils.

18.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 9: 821301, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35360724

RESUMO

Background: Mal de Meleda (MDM, OMIM 248300) is an autosomal recessive disease characterized by symmetrical and progressive palmoplantar hyperkeratosis soon after birth. Mutations in SLURP1 gene could lead to MDM. Clinically, MDM is easily misdiagnosed as other types of keratoderma due to phenotypic variation and overlap. Objective and Methods: A patient with suspected MDM was confirmed by the combination of next-generation sequencing and Exomiser, and the patient was attempted with the treatment of Ixekizumab and Adalimumab. Results: A homozygous mutation c.256G>A (p.Gly86Arg) in the SLURP1 gene was identified in the patient. The inflammatory erythemas on his hands, feet and buttocks were mildly relieved after the treatment of high dose of Ixekizumab. Conclusions: Our findings helps to enhance the understanding of MDM. Ixekizumab may be a potential strategy to treat MDM.

19.
J Hazard Mater ; 434: 128898, 2022 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35460994

RESUMO

Inspired by Namib Desert beetle's back which is patterned with different wetting properties, hydrophobic porous polystyrene microspheres embedded with hydrophilic surface micro-regions (HPHs) were designed and fabricated by the radical copolymerization in the W1/O/W2 double Pickering emulsions with high internal water phase. The synergistic effect of the hydrophobic surface and the hydrophilic surface micro-regions results in HPHs exhibiting superior performances for separating both surfactant-free and surfactant-stabilized O/W emulsions. After 60 s hand-shaking, the oil was absorbed and stored within HPHs which could be separated from the water using a 600-mesh sieve, and the TOC values of purified water could be reduced to 2.06 ± 0.06-67.38 ± 2.02 ppm when the initial oil content was 1 vol%. Meanwhile, HPHs could be recovered and reused through a simple treatment. The excellent oil removal efficiency was kept even after 50 cycles. High oil removal efficiency, general applicability, easy operation and excellent recyclability endow HPHs with great potential for practical applications. And this work provides a facile and general way to prepare porous polymer microspheres with wettability contrast surfaces.

20.
J Healthc Eng ; 2022: 3795060, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35345660

RESUMO

Objective: lncRNA H19 (H19) elevation is related to the risk of coronary artery disease. DIANA-lncBase database analysis suggested that microRNA-152 (miR-152) and H19 have binding sites. Here, the effect and mechanism of H19 and miR-152 in the oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL)-induced human aortic endothelial cells (HAECs) were explored. Methods: The expression of H19, miR-152, and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-A in the HAECs treated with 5 µg/mL ox-LDL was detected by qRT-PCR. MTT, wound-healing assay, and tube formation assay were analyzed to evaluate the angiogenic activity of H19 and miR-152 in the HAECs cells knocked down H19. Dual-luciferase assay was performed to verify the targeting relationship of miR-152 to either H19 or VEGFA, respectively. Western blot was used to detect the expression of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT)-related proteins (E-cadherin and vimentin) and VEGFA protein in the cells. Results: After ox-LDL treatment, the expression of H19 and VEGFA was significantly increased, miR-152 expression was remarkably decreased. H19 was mainly expressed in the cytoplasm of HAECs. Knocking down H19 or overexpression of miR-152 significantly inhibited the cellular proliferation, migration, tube formation, and EMT trend of the HAECs. On the contrary, miR-152 interference reversed H19 silencing-mediated effects in the ox-LDL-induced HAECs. The dual-luciferase assay showed that miR-152 had a targeting relationship with H19 and VEGFA. MiR-152 was negatively corrected with the VEGFA expression. Conclusion: Ox-LDL negatively regulates miR-152 via H19, promotes the expression of VEGFA, and induces the dysfunction of HAECs.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose , MicroRNAs , RNA Longo não Codificante , Apoptose/genética , Aterosclerose/genética , Aterosclerose/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais , Humanos , Lipoproteínas LDL/metabolismo , Lipoproteínas LDL/farmacologia , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/farmacologia , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/farmacologia
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