Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 2.578
Filtrar
1.
Clin Transl Med ; 12(8): e886, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35917402

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The exact animal origin of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) remains obscure and understanding its host range is vital for preventing interspecies transmission. METHODS: Herein, we applied single-cell sequencing to multiple tissues of 20 species (30 data sets) and integrated them with public resources (45 data sets covering 26 species) to expand the virus receptor distribution investigation. While the binding affinity between virus and receptor is essential for viral infectivity, understanding the receptor distribution could predict the permissive organs and tissues when infection occurs. RESULTS: Based on the transcriptomic data, the expression profiles of receptor or associated entry factors for viruses capable of causing respiratory, blood, and brain diseases were described in detail. Conserved cellular connectomes and regulomes were also identified, revealing fundamental cell-cell and gene-gene cross-talks from reptiles to humans. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, our study provides a resource of the single-cell atlas of the animal kingdom which could help to identify the potential host range and tissue tropism of viruses and reveal the host-virus co-evolution.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus , Animais , COVID-19/genética , Especificidade de Hospedeiro , Humanos , Receptores Virais/metabolismo , SARS-CoV-2/genética , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/metabolismo
2.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 628(Pt A): 109-120, 2022 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35914423

RESUMO

HYPOTHESIS: Pickering emulsions have been used in many fields such as catalytic synthesis, pharmaceutics and oilfield chemicals. They usually have good stability, but in some extreme conditions such as at high temperatures or in special liquid-liquid systems, poor stability is often encountered. EXPERIMENTS: Herein, ultrathin silica nanosheets with controllable morphologies were synthesized via a simple interfacial anisotropic self-assembly approach integrated with pore-forming techniques. By regulating the size, density and pattern of the apertures, three types of unique nanosheets including mesoporous nanosheets, meso/macroporous topology-nanosheets and asymmetric nanonets with hollows were obtained. FINDINGS: After a simple hydrophobic modification, the nanonets exhibited super-performance as particulate emulsifiers, owing to their two-dimensional (2D) structures of large pore volume and hierarchical pore/hollow arrangements. As a result, those silica nanonets can stabilize various emulsion systems at considerably high temperatures that are difficult to be stabilized by conventional particulate emulsifiers even at a dose of 100x higher. This work paves a promising way to develop novel 2D asymmetric nanomaterials with tunable compositions, aperture parameters and morphologies for emulsification and potential applications.

3.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 9: 923981, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35958421

RESUMO

Backgrounds: Whether longitudinal changes in metabolic status influence the effect of kidney stones on cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains unclarified. We investigated the modification effect of status changes in metabolic syndrome (MetS) in the association of kidney stones with risk of incident CVD events. Methods: We performed a prospective association and interaction study in a nationwide cohort including 129,172 participants aged ≥ 40 years without CVDs at baseline and followed up for an average of 3.8 years. Kidney stones information was collected by using a questionnaire and validated by medical records. The repeated biochemical measurements were performed to ascertain the metabolic status at both baseline and follow-up. Results: 4,017 incident total CVDs, 1,413 coronary heart diseases (CHDs) and 2,682 strokes were documented and ascertained during follow-up. Kidney stones presence was significantly associated with 44%, 70% and 31% higher risk of CVDs, CHDs and stroke, respectively. The stratified analysis showed significant associations were found in the incident and sustained MetS patients, while no significant associations were found in the non-MetS at both baseline and follow-up subjects or the MetS remission ones, especially in women. For the change status of each single component of the MetS, though the trends were not always the same, the associations with CVD were consistently significant in those with sustained metabolic disorders, except for the sustained high blood glucose group, while the associations were consistently significant in those with incident metabolic disorders except for the incident blood pressure group. We also found a significant association of kidney stone and CVD or CHD risk in the remain normal glucose or triglycerides groups; while the associations were consistently significant in those with incident metabolic disorders except for the incident blood pressure group. We also found a significant association of kidney stone and CVD or CHD risk in the remain normal glucose or triglycerides groups. Conclusions: A history of kidney stones in women with newly developed MetS or long-standing MetS associated with increased risk of CVD. The mechanisms link kidney stones and CVD risk in the metabolic and non-metabolic pathways were warranted for further studies.

4.
Front Immunol ; 13: 905060, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35967346

RESUMO

Background: Generally, febrile patients admitted to the Department of Infectious Diseases, Fudan University Affiliated Huashan Hospital, China may eventually be diagnosed as infectious (ID) or non-infectious inflammatory diseases (NIID). Furthermore, mortality from sepsis remains incredibly high. Thus, early diagnosis and prognosis evaluation of sepsis is necessary. Here, we investigated neutrophil (n)CD64 index profile in a cohort of febrile patients and explored its diagnostic and prognostic value in ID and NIID. Methods: This observational cohort study enrolled 348 febrile patients from the Emergency Department and Department of Infectious Diseases. nCD64 index were detected using flow cytometry, and dynamically measured at different timepoints during follow-up. Procalcitonin (PCT), C-reactive protein (CRP), and ferritin levels were measured routinely. Finally, the diagnostic and prognostic value of nCD64 index were evaluated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis and Kaplan-Meier curve analysis. Results: Of included 348 febrile patients, 238, 81, and 29 were categorized into ID, NIID, and lymphoma groups, respectively. In ID patients, both SOFA score and infection site had impact on nCD64 index expression. In NIID patients, adult-onset Still's disease patients had the highest nCD64 index value, however, nCD64 index couldn't distinguish between ID and NIID. Regardless of the site of infection, nCD64 index was significantly higher in bacterial and viral infections than in fungal infections, but it could not discriminate between bacterial and viral infections. In bloodstream infections, gram-negative (G-) bacterial infections showed an obvious increase in nCD64 index compared to that of gram-positive (G+) bacterial infections. nCD64 index has the potential to be a biomarker for distinguishing between DNA and RNA virus infections. The routine measurement of nCD64 index can facilitate septic shock diagnosis and predict 28-day hospital mortality in patients with sepsis. Serial monitoring of nCD64 index in patients with sepsis is helpful for evaluating prognosis and treatment efficacy. Notably, nCD64 index is more sensitive to predict disease progression and monitor glucocorticoid treatment in patients with NIID. Conclusions: nCD64 index can be used to predict 28-day hospital mortality in patients with sepsis and to evaluate the prognosis. Serial determinations of nCD64 index can be used to predict and monitor disease progression in patients with NIID.

5.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 12(15)2022 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35957070

RESUMO

The development of bifunctional electrocatalysts with efficient oxygen evolution reaction (OER) and hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) is still a key challenge at the current stage. Herein, FeNi LDH/V2CTx/nickel foam (NF) self-supported bifunctional electrode was prepared via deposition of FeNi LDH on V2CTx/NF substrate by hydrothermal method. Strong interfacial interaction between V2CTx/NF and FeNi LDH effectively prevented the aggregation of FeNi LDH, thus exposing more catalytic active sites, which improved electrical conductivity of the nanohybrids and structural stability. The results indicated that the prepared FeNi LDH/V2CTx/NF required 222 mV and 151 mV overpotential for OER and HER in 1 M KOH to provide 10 mA cm-2, respectively. Besides, the FeNi LDH/V2CTx/NF electrocatalysts were applied to overall water splitting, which achieved a current density of 10 mA cm-2 at 1.74 V. This work provides ideas for improving the electrocatalytic performance of electrocatalysts through simple synthesis strategies, structural adjustment, use of conductive substrates and formation of hierarchical structures.

6.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35959580

RESUMO

Objective:To explore the application value of video head impulse test(vHIT), caloric test(CT) and the dizziness handicap inventory(DHI) in the diagnosis of acoustic neuroma(AN), to analyze the correlation between vHIT and CT, and to determine the correlationsof tumor size, vHIT, CT and DHI score. Methods:The clinical data of 24 patients with AN who underwent surgery in our department from January 2019 to January 2022 were analyzed retrospectively, including craniocerebral MRI, vHIT, caloric test and DHI score. All the data were statistically analyzed by GraphPadPrism9.0. Results:There was a significant negative correlation between the UW value of CT and the vestibular eye reflex gain of vHIT(P<0.01, r=-0.62). The tumor size was significantly correlated with the increase of UW value of CT(P<0.01, r=0.69), and with the decrease of vestibulo-ocular reflex gain of vHIT(P<0.01, r=-0.53). The average Dizziness Handicap Inventory score was 8.9±16.2, which was not correlated with tumor size(P>0.05). Conclusion:Both vHIT and CT can effectively evaluate the vestibular function of patients with AN(and they are complementary), and they are related to the size of the tumor and have certain value in the diagnosis of acoustic neuroma.


Assuntos
Teste do Impulso da Cabeça , Neuroma Acústico , Testes Calóricos , Tontura/diagnóstico , Humanos , Neuroma Acústico/diagnóstico , Reflexo Vestíbulo-Ocular , Estudos Retrospectivos , Vertigem/diagnóstico
8.
Cancer Sci ; 2022 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35946078

RESUMO

Osteosarcoma (OS) is the most common bone malignancy without a reliable therapeutic target. Glypican-3 (GPC3) mutation and upregulation have been detected in multi-drug resistant OS, and anti-GPC3 immunotherapy can effectively suppress the growth of organoids. Further profiling of GPC3 mutations and expression patterns in OS is of clinical significance. To address these issues, fresh OS specimens were collected from 24 patients for cancer-targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS) and three-dimensional patient-derived organoid (PDO) culture. A tumor microarray was prepared using 37 archived OS specimens. Immunohistochemical (IHC) staining was performed on OS specimens and microarrays to profile GPC3 and CD133 expression as well as intratumoral distribution patterns. RT-PCR was conducted to semi-quantify GPC3 and CD133 expression levels in the OS tissues. Anti-GPC3 immunotherapy was performed on OS organoids with or without GPC3 expression and its efficacy was analyzed using multiple experimental approaches. No OS cases with GPC3 mutations were found, except for the positive control (OS-08). IHC staining revealed GPC3 expression in 73.77% (45/61) of OSs in weak (+; 29/45), moderate (++; 8/45), and strong (+++; 8/45) immunolabeling densities. The intratumoral distribution of GPC3-positive cells was variable in the focal (+; 10-30%; 8/45), partial (++; 31-70%; 22/45), and the most positive patterns (+++; > 71%; 15/45), which coincided with CD133 immunolabeling (P = 9.89×10-10 ). The anti-GPC3 antibody efficiently inhibits Wnt/ß-catenin signaling and induces apoptosis in GPC3-positive PDOs and PDXs, as opposed to GPC3-negative PDOs and PDXs. The high frequency of GPC3 and CD133 co-expression and the effectiveness of anti-wildtype GPC3-ab therapy in GPC3-positive OS models suggest that GPC3 is a novel prognostic parameter and a promising therapeutic target for osteosarcoma.

9.
Dig Dis Sci ; 2022 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35947307

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Activated hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) are primarily involved in liver fibrosis and portal hypertension (PHT). We aimed to investigate the effect of miR-20b-5p on HSCs, liver fibrosis, and PHT. METHODS: MiR-20b-5p expression in HSCs and in mouse liver fibrosis was determined by qPCR. Further, the effects of miR-20b-5p mimic on HSCs migration, proliferation, and apoptosis were investigated in vitro. A dual-luciferase reporter assay was performed to confirm the direct interaction between miR-20b-5p and STAT3. In vivo, mouse liver fibrosis was established by common bile duct ligation and intervened by agomiR-20b-5p. Sirius red staining and hydroxyproline content were used to evaluate collagen deposition. The α-SMA expression in the liver was detected by IHC and Western blotting. The STAT3 signaling pathway and its downregulated cytokines as well as portal pressure and angiogenesis were explored. RESULTS: MiR-20b-5p was significantly downregulated during HSCs activation and in mouse liver fibrosis. The functional analyses demonstrated that miR-20b-5p inhibited cell proliferation, activation, and promoted apoptosis in HSCs in vitro. Moreover, miR-20b-5p regulated STAT3 expression by binding to the 3'UTR of its miRNA directly. Overexpression of miR-20b-5p facilitated HSC activation and proliferation by inhibiting the STAT3 signaling pathway. MiR-20b-5p overexpression suppressed the STAT3 and its downstream cytokines and ameliorated liver fibrosis in mice. The intra- and inter-hepatic angiogenesis were also effectively inhibited. The inhibition of liver fibrosis and neoangiogenesis contributed to the decrease of portal pressure. CONCLUSIONS: MiR-20b-5p plays an important role in the fibrosis and angiogenesis of liver fibrosis by targeting the STAT3 signaling pathway.

10.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(15)2022 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35955657

RESUMO

Starch-gluten interactions are affected by biopolymer type and processing. However, the differentiation mechanisms for gluten-starch interactions during heating have not been illuminated. The effects of glutens from two different wheat flours (a weak-gluten (Yangmai 22, Y22) and a medium-strong gluten (Yangmai 16, Y16)) on starch's (S) structural and physicochemical properties during heating and their molecular interactions were investigated in this study. The results showed that gluten hindered the gelatinization and swelling of starch during heating when temperature was below 75 °C, due to competitive hydration and physical barriers of glutens, especially in Y22. Thus, over-heating caused the long-range molecular order and amylopectin branches of starch to be better preserved in the Y22-starch mixture (Y22-S) than in the Y16-starch mixture (Y16-S). Meanwhile, the starch's degradation pattern during heating in turn influenced the polymerization of both glutens. During heating, residual amylopectin branching points restricted the aggregation and cross-linking of gluten proteins due to steric hindrance. More intense interaction between Y16 and starch during heating mitigated the steric hindrance in starch-gluten networks, which was due to more residual short-range ordered starch and hydrogen bonds involved in the formation of starch-gluten networks in Y16-S during heating.


Assuntos
Glutens , Calefação , Amilopectina , Farinha , Glutens/química , Amido/metabolismo
11.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 13: 927067, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35928888

RESUMO

Aim: To determine the effect of decade-based body weight gain from 20 to 50 years of age on later life diabetes risk. Methods: 35,611 non-diabetic participants aged ≥ 50 years from a well-defined nationwide cohort were followed up for average of 3.6 years, with cardiovascular diseases and cancers at baseline were excluded. Body weight at 20, 30, 40, and 50 years was reported. The overall 30 years and each 10-year weight gain were calculated from the early and middle life. Cox regression models were used to estimate risks of incident diabetes. Results: After 127,745.26 person-years of follow-up, 2,789 incident diabetes were identified (incidence rate, 2.18%) in 25,289 women (mean weight gain 20-50 years, 7.60 kg) and 10,322 men (7.93 kg). Each 10-kg weight gain over the 30 years was significantly associated with a 39.7% increased risk of incident diabetes (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.33-1.47); weight gain from 20-30 years showed a more prominent effect on the risk of developing diabetes before 60 years than that of after 60 years (Hazard ratio, HR = 1.084, 95% CI [1.049-1.121], P <0.0001 vs. 1.015 [0.975-1.056], P = 0.4643; P Interaction=0.0293). It showed a stable effect of the three 10-year intervals weight gain on risk of diabetes after 60 years (HR=1.055, 1.038, 1.043, respectively, all P < 0.0036). Conclusions: The early life weight gain showed a more prominent effect on developing diabetes before 60 years than after 60 years; however, each-decade weight gain from 20 to 50 years showed a similar effect on risk developing diabetes after 60 years.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Obesidade , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos de Coortes , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/complicações , Fatores de Risco , Aumento de Peso , Adulto Jovem
12.
Microbiol Spectr ; : e0062422, 2022 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35924844

RESUMO

An emerging disease in farmed yellow catfish (Pelteobagrus fulvidraco) causing massive mortality broke out in 2020 in Hubei, China. Histopathological examination indicated significant changes in kidneys and spleens of diseased fish. Electron microscopy revealed large numbers of viral particles in the kidneys and spleens. These particles were spherical with a diameter of approximately 35 nm. By using RNA sequencing and rapid identification of cDNA ends, the full nucleotide sequence of the virus was identified. The viral genome comprises 7,432 bp and contains three open reading frames sharing no nucleotide sequence similarity with other viruses; however, the amino acid sequence partially matched that of the nonstructural (NS) proteins from viruses in the order Picornavirales. Combined with the phylogenetic analysis, the conserved amino acid motifs and the domains of the viral genome predict a genome order typical of a calicivirus. Therefore, this virus was tentatively named yellow catfish calicivirus (YcCV). Cell culture showed that YcCV could cause a cytopathic effect in the channel catfish kidney cell line (CCK) at early passages. In artificial infection, this virus could infect healthy yellow catfish and led to clinical symptoms similar to those that occurred naturally. In situ hybridization analysis detected positive signals of the virus in kidney, spleen, liver, heart, and gill tissues of diseased fish. This study represents the first report of calicivirus infection in yellow catfish and provides a solid basis for future studies on the control of this viral disease. IMPORTANCE Caliciviruses are rapidly evolving viruses that cause pandemic outbreaks associated with significant morbidity and mortality globally. A novel calicivirus identified from yellow catfish also causes substantial mortality. Using an RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) and rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE) method, the full nucleotide sequence was identified and characterized, and this virus was tentatively named yellow catfish calicivirus (YcCV). A nucleotide sequence similarity search found no match with other viruses, and an amino acid sequence comparison indicated approximately 23.3% amino acid homology with the viruses in the order Picornavirales. These findings may represent a new avenue to explain virus evolution and suggest a need to further study the pathogenesis of calicivirus and characterize possible interactions among interspecific viruses in the aquaculture environment.

13.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2022 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35924915

RESUMO

A series of site-diversified, fully functionalized diazirine probes are constructed based on a scaffold shared by several marketed EGFR-targeted drugs. The integrated analysis of protein targets of the site-diversified probe toolkit not only unveils more complete target space and helps suggest false positive targets, but also reveals dynamic events of multi-domain target-ligand interaction.

14.
Biomed Res Int ; 2022: 9777817, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35909474

RESUMO

The research status and development trend of nanotoxicology of Liliaceae medicinal plants were analyzed. In the research, the toxicology of Liliaceae medicinal plants was investigated by the preparation method of silver nanoparticles. By means of spectral curve experiment, the present situation of nanotoxicology of Liliaceae medicinal plants was analyzed, and then its subsequent development trend was analyzed. In this process, Liliaceae medicinal plants could be used effectively, which could create great economic benefits. In the application of the above scheme, the toxicological degradation of Liliaceae medicinal plants could be controlled at about 96%. The high-dose silver nanoparticles could reach 100 µM, and the silver nitrate could reach 10 or 30 µM.


Assuntos
Liliaceae , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Plantas Medicinais , Nanopartículas Metálicas/toxicidade , Prata/toxicidade
15.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 14(30): 35229-35236, 2022 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35876712

RESUMO

Directly and quickly detecting toxic gases in the air is urgently needed in industrial production and our daily life. However, the poor gas selectivity and low sensitivity under ambient conditions limit the development of gas sensors. In this work, we demonstrate that the penta-BeP2 monolayer is an excellent toxic gas sensor by using first-principles calculations. The calculated results show that the semiconducting penta-BeP2 monolayer can chemisorb toxic gas molecules (including CO, NH3, NO, and NO2) with distinct charge transfer (-0.182 to 1.129 e) but negligibly interact with ambient gas molecules (including H2, N2, H2O, O2, and CO2), indicating high gas selectivity for primary environmental gases. The calculated I-V curves show that the penta-BeP2 monolayer exhibits a fast response with toxic gas molecules. Upon interaction with CO, NH3, NO, and NO2 molecules at a bias voltage of 0.7 V, the currents are 10.23, 14.48, 32.10, and 129.90 times that of the pristine penta-BeP2 monolayer, respectively, which induces high sensitivity values of 9.23, 13.48, 31.10, and 128.90, respectively. Moreover, the moderate adsorption energies of all toxic gas molecules guarantee that the penta-BeP2 monolayer possesses good reversibility at room temperature with a short recovery time. Herein, all of our results indicate that the penta-BeP2 monolayer could be a superior candidate for sensing toxic gases with high selectivity, sensitivity, and reversibility.

16.
Int J Biol Sci ; 18(9): 3576-3591, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35813482

RESUMO

Recently, increasing attention has been paid to the role of Squalene epoxidase (SQLE) in several types of cancers. However, its functional role in tumor progression of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is still unclear. We performed bioinformatic analyses and relative experiments to assess the potential mechanism of SQLE-mediated HNSCC malignancy. And the results showed that SQLE was significantly upregulated in tumor samples compared with peritumor samples. Mechanistically, miR-584-5p downregulation may lead to the upregulation of SQLE in HNSCC. Moreover, high SQLE expression in HNSCC was associated with TNM stage, distant metastasis, and poor survival, indicating that SQLE be involved in the progression of HNSCC. Furtherly, SQLE boosted proliferation, migration, invasion of HNSCC cells in vitro and in vivo. Bioinformatic studies showed that PI3K/Akt signaling participated in HNSCC progression mediated by SQLE overexpression, which is confirmed by in vitro and in vivo analysis. Particularly, treatment with terbinafine, an inhibitor of SQLE widely used in the treatment of fungal infections, showed a therapeutic influence on HNSCC. Our findings demonstrate that SQLE plays a vital role in HNSCC progression, providing research evidence for SQLE as a prospective HNSCC therapeutic target and for terbinafine as a candidate drug of HNSCC treatment in the future.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Esqualeno Mono-Oxigenase , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/genética , Humanos , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Estudos Prospectivos , Esqualeno Mono-Oxigenase/genética , Esqualeno Mono-Oxigenase/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/genética , Terbinafina , Regulação para Cima/genética
17.
Hypertension ; : 101161HYPERTENSIONAHA12219826, 2022 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35862173

RESUMO

Microbiota colonization begins at birth and continuously reshapes throughout the course of our lives, resulting in tremendous interindividual heterogeneity. Given that the gut microbiome, similar to the liver, houses many categories of catalytic enzymes, there is significant value in understanding drug-bacteria interactions. The discovery of this link could enhance the therapeutic value of drugs that would otherwise have a limited or perhaps detrimental effect on patients. Resistant hypertension is one such subset of the hypertensive population that poorly responds to antihypertensive medications, resulting in an increased risk for chronic cardiovascular illnesses and its debilitating effects that ultimately have a detrimental impact on patient quality of life. We recently demonstrated that the gut microbiota is involved in the metabolism of antihypertensive drugs and thus contributes to the pathophysiology of resistant hypertension. Due to a lack of knowledge of the mechanisms, novel therapeutic approaches that account for the gut microbiota may allow for better therapeutic outcomes in resistant hypertension. Therefore, the purpose of this review is to summarize our current, albeit limited, understanding of how the gut microbiota may possess particular enzymatic activities that influence the efficacy of antihypertensive drugs.

18.
Front Plant Sci ; 13: 834027, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35865296

RESUMO

As one of the most important vegetable crops in the world, the production of tomatoes was restricted by salt stress. Therefore, it is of great interest to analyze the salt stress tolerance genes. As the non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) with a length of more than 200 nucleotides, long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) lack the ability of protein-coding, but they can play crucial roles in plant development and response to abiotic stresses by regulating gene expression. Nevertheless, there are few studies on the roles of salt-induced lncRNAs in tomatoes. Therefore, we selected wild tomato Solanum pennellii (S. pennellii) and cultivated tomato M82 to be materials. By high-throughput sequencing, 1,044 putative lncRNAs were identified here. Among them, 154 and 137 lncRNAs were differentially expressed in M82 and S. pennellii, respectively. Through functional analysis of target genes of differentially expressed lncRNAs (DE-lncRNAs), some genes were found to respond positively to salt stress by participating in abscisic acid (ABA) signaling pathway, brassinosteroid (BR) signaling pathway, ethylene (ETH) signaling pathway, and anti-oxidation process. We also construct a salt-induced lncRNA-mRNA co-expression network to dissect the putative mechanisms of high salt tolerance in S. pennellii. We analyze the function of salt-induced lncRNAs in tomato roots at the genome-wide levels for the first time. These results will contribute to understanding the molecular mechanisms of salt tolerance in tomatoes from the perspective of lncRNAs.

19.
Int J Mol Med ; 50(3)2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35856413

RESUMO

Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) has been acknowledged as an emerging infectious disease that is caused by the SFTS virus (SFTSV). The main clinical features of SFTS on presentation include fever, thrombocytopenia, leukocytopenia and gastrointestinal symptoms. The mortality rate is estimated to range between 5­30% in East Asia. However, SFTSV infection is increasing on an annual basis globally and is becoming a public health problem. The transmission cycle of SFTSV remains poorly understood, which is compounded by the pathogenesis of SFTS not being fully elucidated. Since the mechanism underlying the host immune response towards SFTSV is also unclear, there are no effective vaccines or specific therapeutic agents against SFTS, with supportive care being the only realistic option. Therefore, it is now crucial to understand all aspects of the host­virus interaction following SFTSV infection, including the antiviral states and viral evasion mechanisms. In the present review, recent research progress into the possible host immune responses against SFTSV was summarized, which may be useful in designing novel therapeutics against SFTS.


Assuntos
Infecções por Bunyaviridae , Phlebovirus , Febre Grave com Síndrome de Trombocitopenia , Trombocitopenia , Infecções por Bunyaviridae/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Bunyaviridae/patologia , Humanos , Phlebovirus/fisiologia , Trombocitopenia/patologia
20.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 13: 913345, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35784577

RESUMO

Objectives: N6-methyladenosine (m6A) is essential in the regulation of the immune system, but the role that its single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) play in the pathogenesis of type 1 diabetes (T1D) remains unknown. This study demonstrated the association between genetic variants in m6A regulators and T1D risk based on a case-control study in a Chinese population. Methods: The tagging SNPs in m6A regulators were genotyped in 1005 autoantibody-positive patients with T1D and 1257 controls using the Illumina Human OmniZhongHua-8 platform. Islet-specific autoantibodies were examined by radioimmunoprecipitation in all the patients. The mixed-meal glucose tolerance test was performed on 355 newly diagnosed patients to evaluate their residual islet function. The functional annotations for the identified SNPs were performed in silico. Using 102 samples from a whole-genome expression microarray, key signaling pathways associated with m6A regulators in T1D were comprehendingly evaluated. Results: Under the additive model, we observed three tag SNPs in the noncoding region of the PRRC2A (rs2260051, rs3130623) and YTHDC2 (rs1862315) gene are associated with T1D risk. Although no association was found between these SNPs and islet function, patients carrying risk variants had a higher positive rate for ZnT8A, GADA, and IA-2A. Further analyses showed that rs2260051[T] was associated with increased expression of PRRC2A mRNA (P = 7.0E-13), and PRRC2A mRNA was significantly higher in peripheral blood mononuclear cell samples from patients with T1D compared to normal samples (P = 0.022). Enrichment analyses indicated that increased PRRC2A expression engages in the most significant hallmarks of cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction, cell adhesion and chemotaxis, and neurotransmitter regulation pathways. The potential role of increased PRRC2A in disrupting immune homeostasis is through the PI3K/AKT pathway and neuro-immune interactions. Conclusion: This study found intronic variants in PRRC2A and YTHDC2 associated with T1D risk in a Chinese Han population. PRRC2A rs2260051[T] may be implicated in unbalanced immune homeostasis by affecting the expression of PRRC2A mRNA. These findings enriched our understanding of m6A regulators and their intronic SNPs that underlie the pathogenesis of T1D.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1 , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Adenosina/análogos & derivados , Autoanticorpos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/genética , Humanos , Leucócitos Mononucleares , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , RNA Mensageiro
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...