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1.
Dalton Trans ; 2021 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34338702

RESUMO

In this work, we present a brand-new narrowband red-emitting fluoroperovskite via the introduction of Mn4+ into NaZnF3 through a facile co-precipitation method at room temperature. The physicochemical properties of the fluoroperovskite such as crystal and electronic structures, morphology, and elemental composition, as well as its spectroscopic properties such as luminescence behaviours and optical performance were characterized and investigated in detail. Evidence shows that NaZnF3:Mn4+ exhibits a uniform particulate shape with single-phase crystallinity. By virtue of the non-equivalent substitution and the [MnF6] octahedral distortion in the fluoride host, sharp red emissions of phonon sidebands and the zero-phonon line upon blue light excitation are identified. Benefiting from the unique spectral feature, a wide colour gamut of 104.1% NTSC is achieved by coating ß-SiAlON:Eu2+ and NaZnF3:Mn4+ on an InGaN chip, indicating the potential use of the Mn4+ fluoroperovskite as a colour converter for display backlight application.

2.
Curr Rheumatol Rep ; 23(8): 62, 2021 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34216299

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To date, a vast amount of information regarding ubiquitination (Ub) and ubiquitylation-like (Ubl) modification-related mechanisms has been reported in the context of skeletal cell homeostasis and diseases. In this review, we mainly focus on recent findings regarding the contribution of enzymatic machinery that directly adds or removes Ub and Ubl modifications from protein targets in chondrocyte homeostasis and osteoarthritis (OA) development. RECENT FINDINGS: Mechanisms that promote homeostasis of articular chondrocytes are crucial for maintaining the integrity of articular joints to prevent osteoarthritis development. Articular chondrocytes are postmitotic cells that continuously produce and remodel cartilage matrix. In addition, the long lifespan of chondrocytes makes them susceptible to accumulating cellular damage. Ub and the evolutionarily conserved Ubl modifications, such as SUMOylation, ATGylation, and UFMylation, play important roles in promoting chondrocyte homeostasis, including regulating cell signaling and protein stability, resolving cellular stresses and inflammation, and maintaining differentiation and survival of chondrocytes. Uncovering new components/functions of Ub/Ubl modification machinery may provide novel drug targets to treat OA.

3.
J Hepatol ; 2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34217777

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Hepatoblastoma (HB) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) exhibit remarkable cancer stem cell (CSCs) features. Moreover, the development of both diseases is closely associated with the presence of CSCs. We investigated the role of brain-expressed X-linked protein 1 (BEX1) in regulating CSC properties of HB, and a subtype of HCC with high CSC features (CSC-HCC). METHODS: Stemness scores were analyzed in five murine HCC models. A subpopulation of BEX1-positive cells and BEX1-negative cells were sorted from HCC cell lines, and subjected to transcriptome analysis. The expression and function of BEX1 was examined via western blotting, sphere formation assays, and xenograft tumor models. RESULTS: We identified BEX1 as a novel CSC marker that was required for the self-renewal maintenance of liver CSCs. Furthermore, zebularine, a potent DNMT1 inhibitor, can induce the reactivation of BEX1 by removing epigenetic inhibition. Notably, BEX1 was highly expressed in HB and CSC-HCC patients, but exhibited a low expression in non-CSC HCC patients (non-CSC-HCC). Moreover, DNMT1-mediated methylation of the BEX1 promoter resulted in differential BEX1 expression patterns in HB, CSC-HCC, and non-CSC-HCC patients. Mechanistically, BEX1 established interaction with RUNX3 to block its inhibition of ß-catenin transcription, which led to the activation of Wnt/ß-catenin signaling, and stemness maintenance in both HB and CSC-HCC. In contrast, downregulated BEX1 expression released RUNX3 and inhibited the activation of Wnt/ß-catenin signaling in non-CSC-HCC. CONCLUSION: BEX1, under the regulation of DNMT1, is necessary for the self-renewal ability and maintenance of liver CSCs through activation of Wnt/ß-catenin signaling, rendering BEX1 a valuable therapeutic target for both HB and CSC-HCC. LAY SUMMARY: Cancer stem cells (CSCs) contribute to a high rate of cancer recurrence, as well as resistance to conventional therapies. However, the regulatory mechanisms underlying their self-renewal remains elusive. Here, we have reported that BEX1 plays a key role in regulating CSC properties in different types of liver cancer. Targeting BEX1-mediated Wnt/ß-catenin signaling may help to address the high rate of recurrence, and heterogeneity of liver cancer.

5.
Rev Sci Instrum ; 92(5): 053546, 2021 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34243255

RESUMO

A compact broadband Compton spectrometer is designed to measure the continuous spectrum of gamma-ray sources driven by an intense laser. The incident gamma rays are converted into electrons in low-Z materials by Compton scattering. Produced by a pair of stepped magnets, a weaker-front-stronger-rear nonuniform magnetic field in the electron magnetic spectrometer is used to spectrally resolve the scattered electrons, leading to a broadband gamma-ray spectral coverage of 2-20 MeV in a compact volume. Flat imaging-plate detectors are placed near the focused imaging points of the magnetic spectrometer to record the dispersed electrons, thereby achieving an optimal spectral resolution of 6%-13% in the energy range of 3-20 MeV. The spectrometer is used successfully to measure the gamma-ray spectrum generated by the high-energy electron beams produced by a femtosecond-laser-driven wakefield.

6.
Langmuir ; 2021 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34292729

RESUMO

Anisotropic particles have been widely used to make micro/nanomotors that convert chemical, ultrasonic, electrical, or magnetic energy into mechanical energy. The moving directions of most colloidal motors are, however, difficult to control. For example, asymmetric dimers with two lobes of different sizes, ζ-potential, or chemical composition have shown rich propulsion behaviors under alternating current (AC) electric fields due to unbalanced electrohydrodynamic flow. While they always propel in a direction perpendicular to the applied electric field, their moving directions along the substrate are hard to control, limiting their applications for cargo delivery. Inspired by two separate engine and steering wheel systems in automobiles, we use orthogonally applied AC electric field and direct current (DC) magnetic field to control the dimer's speed and direction independently. To this end, we first synthesize magnetic dimers by coating dopamine-functionalized nanoparticles on geometrically asymmetric polystyrene dimers. We further characterize their static and dynamic susceptibilities by measuring the hysteresis diagram and rotation speed experimentally and comparing them with theoretical predictions. The synthesized dimers align their long axes quickly with a planar DC magnetic field, allowing us to control the particles' orientation accurately. The propulsion speed of the dimers, on the other hand, is tunable by an AC electric field applied perpendicularly to the substrate. As a result, we can direct the particle's motion with predesigned trajectories of complex shapes. Our bulk-synthesis approach has the potential to make other types of magnetically anisotropic particles. And the combination of electric and magnetic fields will help pave the way for the assembly of magnetically anisotropic particles into complex structures.

7.
Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg ; 27(4): 483-485, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34213005

RESUMO

Here, we report the case of a 75-year-old male with abdominal pain who was admitted to our Emergency Department. Computed tomography (CT) scan revealed torsion of the mesenteric root with fluid surrounding the area. Emergency laparotomy, performed under general anesthesia, revealed appendiceal abscess with intestinal malrotation. Appendicectomy was performed after the torsional mesentery restoration. Antibiotics and other symptomatic treatments were administered postoperatively. The patient recovered well and was discharged one week after surgery. Intestinal malrotation is more common in neonates than in adults. The diagnosis of appendicitis could be further obscured by intestinal malrotation. Therefore, the rare situation of intestinal malrotation and ectopic appendicitis in the abdomen should be considered in cases with an absence of right lower abdominal pain, where preoperative abdominal CT shows mesenteric volvulus and the surrounding intestinal wall is thickened and demonstrating exudation.


Assuntos
Apendicite , Volvo Intestinal , Intestinos , Idoso , Apendicectomia , Erros de Diagnóstico , Humanos , Intestinos/diagnóstico por imagem , Intestinos/fisiopatologia , Intestinos/cirurgia , Laparotomia , Masculino , Mesentério/diagnóstico por imagem , Mesentério/fisiopatologia , Mesentério/cirurgia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
8.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 10(14): e020712, 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34227406

RESUMO

Background Chronic inflammation through cellular senescence, known as the senescence-associated secretory phenotype, is a mechanism of various organ diseases, including atherosclerosis. Particularly, ionizing radiation (IR) contributes to cellular senescence by causing DNA damage. Although previous clinical studies have demonstrated that radiotherapy causes atherosclerosis as a long-term side effect, the detailed mechanism is unclear. This study was conducted to investigate the relationship between radiation-induced atherosclerosis and senescence-associated secretory phenotype in murine carotid arteries. Methods and Results Partial ligation of the left carotid artery branches in 9-week-old male apolipoprotein E-deficient mice was performed to induce atherosclerosis. The mice received total body irradiation at a dose of 6 Gy using gamma rays at 2 weeks post operation. We compared the samples collected 4 weeks after IR with unirradiated control samples. The IR and control groups presented pathologically progressive lesions in 90.9% and 72.3% of mice, respectively. Plaque volume, macrophage accumulation, and phenotype switching of vascular smooth muscle cells were advanced in the IR group. Irradiated samples showed increased persistent DNA damage response (53BP1 [p53 binding protein 1]), upregulated cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors (p16INK4a and p21), and elevated inflammatory chemokines expression (monocyte chemotactic protein-1, keratinocyte-derived chemokine, and macrophage inflammatory protein 2). Conclusions IR promoted plaque growth in murine carotid arteries. Our findings support the possibility that senescence-associated secretory phenotype aggravates atherogenesis in irradiated artery. This mice model might contribute to mechanism elucidation of radiation-induced atherosclerosis.

9.
Eur J Pharm Sci ; 165: 105923, 2021 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34229078

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Recombinant human albumin (rHA) is an alternative to human serum albumin (HSA) for treating ascites in cirrhosis patients. This study was to evaluate the safety, tolerability, immunogenicity, and pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics (PK/PD) of rHA in healthy subjects to guide the design for further clinical trials. METHODS: Healthy subjects aged 18-55 years were enrolled in this double-blinded, first-in-human, placebo-controlled single ascending dose (SAD) (1.25, 5, 10, 20, or 30g) and positive-controlled multiple-dose study (3-day treatment of 10g/day for three cycles every three weeks). The safety was assessed by adverse events (AEs). Antibodies (IgE and IgD) and cytokines were analyzed for immunogenicity. Serum albumin levels and changes in plasma colloid osmotic pressure (PCOP) and hematocrit (HCT) were measured for PK/PD analysis. RESULTS: rHA was well tolerated as all AEs were assessed as mild or moderate. No severe allergy or difference in the incidence of AEs was observed among the different cohorts in the SAD study or in the different cycles in the multiple-dose study. The incidence of AEs was similar for the rHA and HSA cohort. Antibodies or cytokines showed no changes after drug administration. As expected, serum albumin levels and PCOP increases, and HCT ratio decreases were dose-related with significant differences (p < 0.01). No differences were observed between rHA and HSA. CONCLUSION: rHA is safe and well-tolerated in healthy Chinese subjects. rHA and HSA exhibited similar safety, tolerability, and PK/PD profiles. The results support further evaluation of rHA treatment in cirrhotic patients with ascites. The clinical trial registration numbers are CTR20191221 (http://www.chinadrugtrials.org.cn/clinicaltrials.searchlistdetail.dhtml).

10.
FASEB J ; 35(8): e21776, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34324740

RESUMO

Nonresponse, or acquired resistance to immune checkpoint inhibitors in colorectal cancer (CRC) highlight the importance of finding potential tolerance mechanisms. Low expression of major histocompatibility complex, class I (MHC-I) on the cell surface of the tumor is one of the main mechanisms of tumor escape from T-cell recognition and destruction. In this study, we demonstrated that a high level of calnexin (CANX) in the tumors is positively correlated with the overall survival in colorectal cancer patients. CANX is a chaperone protein involved in the folding and assembly of MHC-I molecules. Using miRNA target prediction databases and luciferase assays, we identified miR-148a-3p as a potential regulator of CANX. Inhibition of miR-148a-3p restores surface levels of MHC-I and significantly enhanced the effects of CD8+ T-cell-mediated immune attack in vitro and in vivo by promoting CANX expression. These results reveal that miR-148a-3p can function as a tumor promotor in CRC by targeting the CANX/MHC-I axis, which provides a rationale for immunotherapy through targeting the miR-148a-3p/CANX/MHC-I pathway in patients with CRC.

11.
Environ Res ; : 111763, 2021 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34329634

RESUMO

Environmental contamination caused by COVID-19 patients could be a medium of transmission. Previous reports of SARS-CoV-2 in environmental surfaces were about short-term contamination. This study investigated SARS-CoV-2 RNA existence in room-temperature and low-temperature environments long after exposure (>28 days). A department store, where a COVID-19 outbreak was occurred in January 2020 (the epicenter of 43 COVID-19 patients), and a patient's apartment were included as room-temperature environments after being blocked for 57 days and 48 days, respectively. Seven cold storages and imported frozen foods inside were included as low-temperature environments (under -18 °C). Twenty food markets with potential contamination of imported frozen foods were also included to study the consecutive contamination. Information about temperature, relative humidity, and the number of days of environmental samples since the last exposure was collected and analyzed. In sum, 11,808 swab samples were collected before disinfection, of which 35 samples were positive. Persistent contamination of SARS-CoV-2 RNA was identified in the apartment (6/19), the department store (3/50), food packages in cold storages (23/1360), environmental surfaces of cold storages (2/345), and a package in the food market (1/10,034). Two positive samples were isolated from the bathroom of the apartment (66.7 %, 2/3), and doorknobs were proved with contamination in the apartment (40 %, 2/5) and cold storage (33.3 %, 1/3). The epidemiology information and environmental contamination results of an imported frozen food related COVID-19 case (138th COVID-19 patient in Tianjin) were analyzed. Based on the Ct values, the number of copies of two target genes was calculated by standard curves and linear regressions. In conclusion, SARS-CoV-2 RNA can be detected in room-temperature environments at least 57 days after the last exposure, much longer than previous reports. Based on the results of this study and previous studies, infectious SARS-CoV-2 could exist for at least 60 days on the surface of cold-chain food packages. Doorknobs and toilets (bathrooms) were important positions in COVID-19 control. High-risk populations of cold-chain-related logistic operations, such as porters, require strict prevention and high-level personal protection.

12.
J Ethnobiol Ethnomed ; 17(1): 46, 2021 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34301287

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Douyu Village, inhabited by the Lhoba people, is situated within the Eastern Himalayas, in southeastern Tibet, China. The village is located among high mountains and valleys, which feature complex terrain with cold and dry climates and distinctive vegetation types and species. The Lhoba people in this village are isolated from other groups in China. The Lhoba people have lived in this village since the 15th century and mainly depended on gathering, hunting, and swidden agriculture before the 1960s. Because they have a long history and live under extreme climatic, geographical, and ecological conditions, the Lhoba people in Douyu Village may have unique traditional knowledge about wild plants. Thus, this research aims to record the traditional botanical knowledge of the Lhoba people in Douyu. METHODS: An ethnobotanical study was conducted on the Lhoba people in Douyu Village in Longzi County, Tibet, China. Semi-structured interviews and group discussions with informed consent were used in the study. We interviewed 41 informants (14 key informants) between 18 and 75 years of age. All information was collected, organized, and compiled into "use reports" for quantitative analysis. The informant consensus factor (ICF) was used to determine the homogeneity of the informants' knowledge of medicinal plants, while the cultural importance index (CI) was used to estimate the cultural importance of shared species. RESULTS: A total of 91 wild species (90 vascular plants and 1 fungus) belonging to 71 genera and 39 families utilized by the Lhoba people in Douyu were documented. Of these species, Pimpinella xizangense and Wikstroemia lungtzeensis are endemic to Longzi County, while Sinopodophyllum hexandrum and Paeonia ludlowii are endangered species in China. All habitats, from the field vegetation at the valley bottoms to the alpine shrubland and meadows, were used for plant collection, and the numbers of species of plants collected from the various vegetation types (except for fields) decreased with increasing altitude. Our study found that 55 species are edible plants and fungi, 29 species are medicinal plants, and 38 species are used for other purposes. Medicinal plants are used for 11 categories of diseases, among which diseases of blood-forming organs (ICF = 0.96) and gastrointestinal diseases (ICF = 0.95) exhibited the highest ICF values. Based on the CI values, the most important plants in this study area are Berberis xanthophloea, B. kongboensis, Sinopodophyllum hexandrum, Vicatia thibetica, and Hippophae rhamnoides subsp. gyantsensis. Moreover, a comparison of the wild plants used by Lhoba ethnic groups in three counties in China showed significant differences among these regions. CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrates that the wild plants utilized by the Lhoba people in Douyu Village are highly diverse, at 90 plant and one fungal species, which reflects not only the number of species but also their diversified functions. The extreme climatic, geographical, and ecological conditions of Douyu within the high mountains and valleys of the Eastern Himalayas potentially affect the Lhoba people's culture, including plant utilization practices, and contribute to the rich diversity of the wild plants used by the local people.

13.
Diabetes Obes Metab ; 2021 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34322974

RESUMO

AIMS: The aims of this study were to evaluate the associations of metabolic abnormalities with incident DKD and to explore whether dyslipidemia, especially high fasting triglyceride (TG), was associated with the development of DKD. METHODS: A total of 11 142 new-onset type 2 diabetes patients with a baseline estimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFR) ≥60 mL/min/1.73 m2 were followed up during 2011-2016. Incident DKD was defined as eGFR <60 mL/min/1.73m2 at follow-up. Multiple logistic regression analysis was conducted to explore the relationship of metabolic abnormalities at baseline and at follow-up with risks of DKD. High TG was defined by TG ≥1.70 mmol/L. Low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c) was defined by HDL-c < 1.0 mmol/L for men or < 1.3 mmol/L for women. RESULTS: Participants who developed DKD had higher levels of waist circumference and systolic blood pressure, and lower levels of HDL-c at both baseline and follow-up visits. The DKD group also had higher levels of post-load plasma glucose and TG at follow-up. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that both high TG at baseline (odds ratio, OR = 1.37, P = 0.012) and high TG at follow-up (OR = 1.71, P < 0.001) were significantly associated with increased risks of DKD. Patients with high TG levels at both baseline and follow-up had higher risk of DKD compared with constantly normal TG (OR = 1.65, P < 0.001) after adjustment for covariates. CONCLUSIONS: In a large population of new-onset type 2 diabetes patients, high TG level was an independent risk factor for the development of DKD. Tight TG control might delay the occurrence of DKD. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

14.
PLoS One ; 16(7): e0249730, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34288915

RESUMO

Drip irrigation under plastic mulch is widely used in Xinjiang, Northwest China. It can not only save water, but also reduce nutrient loss and improve fertilizer utilization. However, it is not clear whether the leaching occurs or not, what is the leaching amount? What is the relationship among fertilization, irrigation regimes, loss, cotton absorption, and cotton field under different fertilization and irrigation management under drip irrigation? Studying these issues not only provides reference for the formulation of fertilization and irrigation systems, but also is of great significance for reducing non-point source pollution. A long-term positioning experiment was conducted from 2009 to 2012 in Baotou Lake farm in Korla City, Xinjiang, with drip-irrigated cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) under different N fertilizer and irrigation amounts. The treatments were designed comprising Control (CK,0 N, 0 P, and 0 K with an irrigation of 480 mm) and the following three other treatments: (1) Conventional fertilize and irrigation (CON, 357 kg N hm-2, 90 kg P hm-2, 0 kg K hm-2, and irrigation of 480 mm); (2) Conventional fertilization and Optimizing irrigation (OPT, 357 kg N hm-2, 90 kg P hm-2, 62 kg K hm-2, and irrigation of 420 mm); and (3) Optimizing fertilization and irrigation (OPTN, 240 kg N hm-2, 65 kg P hm-2, 62 kg K hm-2, and irrigation of 420 mm). The results found that the leaching would occur in arid area under drip irrigation. The loss of total N, NH4+, P, N and P loss coefficient was higher under conventional fertilize and irrigation treatment while the loss of NO3- was higher under conventional fertilization and optimizing irrigation treatment. The correlations among N, P absorption by cotton, loss of NH4+ and total phosphorus were quadratic function. The total nitrogen loss and cumulative nitrogen application was lineally correlated. The loss of NO3- and cumulative nitrogen application was exponential. The nitrogen and phosphorus absorption by cotton under conventional fertilization and optimizing irrigation treatment was 24.53% and 35.86% higher than that in conventional fertilize and irrigation treatment, respectively. The cotton yield under conventional fertilization and optimizing irrigation treatment obtained higher than that in other three treatments. Therefore, the conventional fertilization and optimizing irrigation treatment was the optimal management of water and fertilizer in our study. These results demonstrate that reasonable water, nitrogen and phosphorus fertilize could not only effectively promote the absorption of nitrogen and phosphorus, but also reduce nitrogen and phosphorus losses under drip fertigation and plastic mulching.

15.
Cytokine ; 146: 155642, 2021 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34325118

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Distinguishing between bloodstream infection (BSI) and adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD) is challenging in practice due to similarities in their clinical and laboratory characteristics. We aimed to identify biomarkers in a prospective cohort of patients with BSI and AOSD for differential diagnosis and prognosis prediction. METHODS: Sixty-four individuals were enrolled in the training set (37 with BSI, 17 with AOSD, and 10 healthy controls). Furthermore, 86 individuals were enrolled in the validation cohort (67 with BSI and 19 with AOSD). Clinical and laboratory data were collected. Blood samples were stimulated using bacteria-specific antigens and levels of several cytokines were detected in the supernatant via Luminex or enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS: Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae were the pathogens most frequently responsible for BSI. In the training cohort, the incidence of rash, arthralgia, myalgia, sore throat, lymphadenopathy, leukocytosis, and hyperferritinemia was higher in patients with AOSD than in those with BSI. Procalcitonin was significantly higher in patients with BSI than that in those with AOSD. Interleukin (IL)-6, IL-17A, C-X3-C motif chemokine ligand (CX3CL)-1, and C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 10 (CXCL10) levels were higher in patients with BSI than in those with AOSD. IL-18 was higher among patients with AOSD than in those with BSI. A decision tree analysis showed that a combination of plasma IL-18 and ferritin levels can be used to distinguish BSI from AOSD (diagnostic accuracy: 97.67%, sensitivity: 96.15%, specificity: 100%). Plasma IL-18 levels were positively correlated with ferritin, and were decreased after treatment in both BSI and ASOD groups. CONCLUSIONS: Plasma IL-18 and ferritin levels can be used to differentiate BSI from AOSD. IL-18 may be a potential biomarker for prognosis prediction in BSI and AOSD.

16.
Clin Biochem ; 2021 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34331946

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As thyroid-stimulating immunoglobulins (TSI) are a sign of Graves' disease (GD), measuring TSI titers is becoming increasingly important for GD diagnosis. This study evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of a new fully automated TSI immunoassay (ImmuliteTM TSI assay) in GD patients and compared it to the third generation thyroid-stimulating hormone receptor antibody (TRAb) electrochemiluminescence assay (Elecsys Anti-TSHR assay). Additionally, clinical characteristics associated with responsiveness to methimazole in patients with newly diagnosed GD were preliminarily explored. METHODS: This study involved 324 subjects, comprising patients with untreated GD (GD-UT), Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO) patients, GD patients who had been treated for >12 months (GD-T), autoimmune thyroiditis (AIT) patients, and healthy subjects (HS). The ImmuliteTM TSI and Elecsys Anti-TSHR assay were performed on all samples. According to their responsiveness to methimazole, the GD-UT patients were divided into rapid and slow responder groups, and their clinical characteristics were compared. RESULTS: A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis of GD-UT patients showed that the optimal TSI cut-off value was 0.57 IU/L. Logistic regression revealed that age and initial FT4 and TSI levels in the middle-dose methimazole group were related to a rapid response, while the initial FT4 level, but not TSI, in the high-dose group was also associated with a rapid response. CONCLUSIONS: The clinical diagnostic performance of the ImmuliteTM TSI assay for diagnosing GD was comparable to that of the Elecsys Anti-TSHR assay. The initial FT4 and TSI levels can be used as predictors of the responsiveness to methimazole in patients with newly diagnosed GD.

17.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 204: 114235, 2021 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34252817

RESUMO

Chronic mountain sickness (CMS) is a significant pathology in most high-altitude regions globally, affecting the cardiopulmonary system and its mechanism is largely unknown. A metabonomic approach using 1H nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy allows for detecting differential metabolites, which provides a global view and mechanisms during CMS development. In this study, we simulated a high-altitude environment to establish a rat model of CMS. Irbesartan was administered to CMS rats at three doses (6.75, 13.5, and 27 mg/kg) once a day for 15 days. HE staining and transmission electron microscopy were used to evaluate the effect of changes on the lung. Based on 1H NMR spectra obtained from serum samples, partial least squares-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) and its variant orthogonal PLS-DA (OPLS-DA) models were applied to distinguish the different groups. Histopathological sections showed that the alveolar structure was abnormal, inflammatory infiltration occurred in CMS rats, and CMS induced notable metabolic disorder according to the 1H NMR result. However, irbesartan reversed the imbalanced metabolites via energy metabolism, amino acid metabolism, and taurine metabolism pathways, and its effect was also confirmed by the general signs and morphology of the lung. The results revealed that irbesartan as an effective therapeutic agent to improve CMS is warranted.

18.
J Diabetes ; 2021 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34259386

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes is increasingly diagnosed at a younger age worldwide and in China. Limited data are available regarding the association between age at diabetes diagnosis and risks of albuminuria. This study sought to examine the independent effect of age at diagnosis of type 2 diabetes on the risk of albuminuria. METHODS: We used data from a nationwide multicenter study with 207 961 participants in mainland China. Age, sex, and study site were matched for 31 366 screen-detected type 2 diabetes cases and 31 366 normal controls. Age, sex, study site, and diabetes duration were matched for 7490 self-reported type 2 diabetes cases and 7490 normal controls. Risks of having albuminuria in matched type 2 diabetes vs controls were examined using multivariable logistic regression analysis in strata of age at diabetes diagnosis. RESULTS: Although the absolute rate of albuminuria is higher in older adults, the odds ratio of albuminuria in type 2 diabetes vs matched controls decreased with increasing age at diagnosis. For participants with diabetes diagnosed at an age of <50, 50 to 59, 60 to 69, or ≥70 years, the multivariable adjusted risk of albuminuria increased by 81%, 60%, 45%, and 33% for screen-detected diabetes, and 135%, 121%, 90%, and 58% for self-reported diabetes compared with their normal controls, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: A younger age at diagnosis of type 2 diabetes is associated with a more significantly elevated risk of albuminuria than an older age at diagnosis in Chinese adults.

19.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 42(8): 4061-4070, 2021 Aug 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34309293

RESUMO

The pulp and paper industry is an important industry that is closely related to national socioeconomic development. To understand the historical trends of resource consumption and environmental pollution, we conducted an economy-wide material flow analysis and quantitatively evaluated the dynamic characteristics of input-output balances, material metabolism intensity, and resource recycling rate of China's pulp and paper industry, from 2005 to 2017. The results indicate downward trends in the material inputs and outputs of China's pulp and paper industry from 2005 to 2017, with water contributing over 90% of the totals. In recent years, with the continuous optimization of the raw material structure of the paper industry, the proportion of non-wood pulping has dropped from 42% to 13% and has been replaced by mainly waste paper pulping and wood pulping. Resource consumption can still be greatly reduced. In 2017, the amount of direct material input per ton of paper and paperboard had decreased by 67% from 2005 to 26 t. The consumption of fresh water per ton of paper and paperboard dropped by approximately 69% over the study period, whereas the water recycling rate increased significantly, reaching 77% in 2017. At present, the production of paper and paperboard is increasingly dependent on the input of domestic waste paper and imported wood, the proportions of which have increased from 21% and 9% in 2005 to 60% and 31% in 2017, respectively. However, the rate of domestic waste paper recycling is relatively low, and measures such as strengthening the construction of the recycling system and educating the residents about recycling are needed to alleviate the shortage of raw materials caused by restrictions on waste paper imports.


Assuntos
Indústrias , Reciclagem , China
20.
Br J Cancer ; 2021 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34247196

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Metastasis is the major cause of treatment failure and cancer-related deaths in prostate cancer (PCa) patients. Our previous study demonstrated that a CD44+ subpopulation isolated from PCa cells or tumours possesses both stem cell properties and metastatic potential, serving as metastatic prostate cancer stem cells (mPCSCs) in PCa metastasis. However, the underlying mechanisms remain unknown. METHODS: In this study, we established PCa models via the orthotopic and subcutaneous implantation of different human PCa cancer cell lines, and compared the metastatic efficacy, after which process function analysis of target genes was pinpointed. RESULTS: Several novel differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between orthotopic and ectopic tumours were identified. Among them, human homeobox B9 (HOXB9) transcription factor was found to be essential for PCa metastasis, as evidenced by the diminished number of lung metastatic foci derived from orthotopic implantation with HOXB9-deficient CWR22 cells, compared with the control. In addition, HOXB9 protein expression was upregulated in PCa tissues, compared with paracancer and benign prostate hyperplasia tissues. It was also positively correlated with Gleason scores. Gain- and loss-of-function assays showed that HOXB9 altered the expression of various tumour metastasis- and cancer stem cell (CSC) growth-related genes in a transforming growth factor beta (TGFß)-dependent manner. Moreover, HOXB9 was overexpressed in an ALDH+CD44+CXCR4+CD24+ subpopulation of PCa cells that exhibited enhanced TGFß-dependent tumorigenic and metastatic abilities, compared with other isogenic PCa cells. This suggests that HOXB9 may contribute to PCa tumorigenesis and metastasis via TGFß signalling. Of note, ALDH+CD44+CXCR4+CD24+-PCa cells exhibited resistance to castration and antiandrogen therapy and were present in human PCa tissues. CONCLUSION: Taken together, our study identified HOXB9 as a critical regulator of metastatic mPCSC behaviour. This occurs through altering the expression of a panel of CSC growth- and invasion/metastasis-related genes via TGFß signalling. Thus, targeting HOXB9 is a potential novel therapeutic PCa treatment strategy.

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