Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.628
Filtrar
1.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 121: 109663, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31751870

RESUMO

P-glycoprotein (P-gp) plays a significant role in multi-drug resistance (MDR) of cancer cells, resulting in the failure of cancer chemotherapy. Lathyrane diterpene was a class of promising MDR modulator. The phytochemical investigation on the seeds of Euphorbia lathyris L. aff ;orded four new lathyrol-type diterpenoids (1-4), together with seventeen known ones (5-23). The structures of these compounds were elucidated by using 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopy. All the compounds were evaluated reversing MDR activity in HepG2/ADR cells. Compounds 2-4, 7-9, 11, 13-14, 16, 18-19, and 2 1-2 3 at 20 µM was able to reverse MDR of HepG2/ADR cells to adriamycin (reversal fold: 10.05-448.39). In the investigation of reversing the MDR mechanism, the most potent compound 21 facilitated the accumulation of intracellular adriamycin in HepG2/ADR cells in the time-dependent model. Although 21 neither affected the P-gp distribution nor expression in HepG2/ADR cells, the amount of P-gp monomer was induced by 21 and verapamil. Compound 21 has also activated the P-gp coupled ATPase activity in a dose-dependent model. The molecular docking analysis implied that 21 had lower binding energy than verapamil and adriamycin. The present data demonstrated that lathyrane diterpenes may act as a class of high-affinity P-gp substrate and was effluxed by P-gp monomer to reverse the MDR.

2.
Curr Top Med Chem ; 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31797760

RESUMO

Pyrola (Pyrolaceae), also known as Luxiancao/in China, was recorded in Sheng Nong's Herbal Classic listed in top grade. Pyrola herbs were used as medicinal plants for a long history with wide-ranging activities of nourishing kidney-yang, strengthening muscles and bones, activating blood, stopping bleeding, dispelling rheumatism, eliminating dampness. Currently, the research on Pyrola plants is increasing year by year but there is no comprehensive and detailed review concerning genus Pyrola. This review aims to sum up updated and comprehensive information about botany and traditional use, phytochemistry, pharmacological activities and safety by analyzing the information available on Pyrola plants via internationally accepted scientific databases. Collectively, more than 100 compounds have been isolated from the Pyrola plants. What's more, a total of 33 prescriptions containing Pyrola plants are compiled in this review. Pyrola plants are used as indispensable agents in traditional Chinese medicine due to its activities of antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, lipid-lowering, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular protection, proliferation of osteoblasts promoting, antineoplastic and etc. Further work should be developed on the elucidation of structure-function relationship, understanding of multi-target pharmacological effects, as well as developing its application both in clinical usage and functional food for research and development of Pyrola plants.

3.
Surg Innov ; : 1553350619890720, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31789117

RESUMO

Purpose. Protective ileostomy (PI) during anterior resection (AR) for rectal cancer decreases the incidence of anastomotic leakage (AL) and its subsequent complications, but it may itself be the cause of morbidity. The aim is to report our protocol in the management of selected patients with borderline risk to develop AL after laparoscopic AR and ghost ileostomy (GI) creation. Methods. Patients who underwent AR were stratified based on the risk to develop AL. Steps to avoid PI were splenic flexure mobilization, reduced pelvic bleeding, to employ different stapler charge if neoadjuvant chemo-radiotherapy is performed, to perform a horizontal section of the rectum, to evaluate the anastomotic vascularization with a fluorescence angiography, to perform a side-to-end anastomosis, intraoperative methylene blue test, pelvic and transanal drainage tubes placement, and the GI creation. After surgery, inflammatory blood markers were monitored to detect potential leakages. Results. Twelve patients were included. In one case, the specimen proximal section was changed after fluorescence angiography. There were no conversions in this group of patients. One postoperative AL occurred and was treated with radiological drainage placement, not being necessary to convert the GI. PI was avoided in 100% of cases. Conclusions. Patients' characteristics cannot be changed, but several steps were used to avoid routine PI creation. The present protocol could be a valuable option to avoid PI in selected patients. Further studies with a wider sample size, and defined criteria to stratify the patients based on the risk to develop AL, are required.

5.
Mol Ther Nucleic Acids ; 18: 1009-1022, 2019 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31778954

RESUMO

Recently, emerging evidence shows that dysregulation of circadian genes is closely associated with liver fibrosis. However, how dysregulation of circadian genes promotes liver fibrosis is unknown. In this study, we show that neuronal PAS domain protein 2 (NPAS2), one of the core circadian molecules that has been shown to promote hepatocarcinoma cell proliferation, significantly contributed to liver fibrogenesis. NPAS2 is upregulated in hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) after fibrogenic injury, which subsequently contributes to the activation of HSCs. Mechanistically, NPAS2 plays a profibrotic role via direct transcriptional activation of hairy and enhancer of split 1 (Hes1), a critical transcriptor of Notch signaling for the fibrogenesis process, in HSCs. Our findings demonstrate that NPAS2 plays a critical role in liver fibrosis through direct transcriptional activation of Hes1, indicating that NPAS2 may serve as an important therapeutic target to reverse the progression of liver fibrosis.

6.
Heart Lung ; 2019 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31668361

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prognostic predictors of pulmonary hypertension (PH) due to advanced heart failure (HF) have yet to be explored. OBJECTIVES: To examine the prognostic value of hemodynamics and comorbidities in this patient group. METHODS: We retrospectively enrolled consecutive patients with PH due to advanced HF diagnosed by echocardiography and right heart catheterization. Follow-up was performed every 6 months ± 2 weeks. Primary endpoints were all-cause mortality and heart or lung transplantation. RESULTS: In total, 92 patients were included. The mean age was 46.82 years and mean left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was 26.63%. During a median follow-up time of 9.72 months, 66 patients (71.7%) met primary endpoints. Pulmonary arterial compliance (PAC) was a significant predictor for primary endpoints and patients burdened with more than 3 comorbidities had worse prognoses (P = 0.0114). CONCLUSIONS: In these patients, PAC can be a potential prognostic predictor and patients with a higher comorbidity burden have worse outcomes.

7.
J Org Chem ; 2019 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31755260

RESUMO

I2/dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO)-mediated C-S, S-N, and C-N bond cross-coupling cyclization reaction for the synthesis of 5-acyl-1,2,3-thiadiazoles from enaminones, tosylhydrazine, and elemental sulfur has been developed under transition-metal-free conditions. This strategy is operationally simple, compatible with a wide range of functional groups, and provides the desired products in moderate to excellent yields.

8.
Cancer Lett ; 2019 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31765736

RESUMO

Emerging evidences show that dysregulation of circadian genes is closely associated with tumorigenesis. However, whether circadian genes regulate the reprogramming of metabolism in tumor cells is largely unknown. Here, we showed that NPAS2, one of the core circadian molecules, significantly contributed to the reprogramming of glucose metabolism mainly through two mechanisms. On the one hand, NPAS2 upregulated the expression of glycolytic genes GLUT1, HK2, GPI, ALDOA, ENO2, PKM2 and MCT4. On the other hand, NPAS2 downregulated the expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1 alpha (PGC-1α). Mechanistically, HIF-1α was found to be a direct transcriptional target of NPAS2, which mediated both the upregulation of glycolytic genes and downregulation of mitochondrial biogenesis in HCC cells. In addition, we found that upregulation of NPAS2 expression was mainly due to the downregulation of miR-199b-5p. In vitro and in vivo assays further indicated that HIF-1α-mediated reprogramming of glucose metabolism played a critical role in NPAS2-regulated growth and metastasis of HCC cells. Our findings demonstrate that NPAS2 plays a critical role in glucose metabolism reprogramming, suggesting that NPAS2 may serve as a potential therapeutic target in HCC.

9.
Cardiovasc Ther ; 2019: 1582183, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31772605

RESUMO

Background: Decreased graft patency after off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB) leads to substantial increases in cardiac events. However, there is paucity of data on efficacy and safety of perioperative statin therapy for OPCAB populations. Methods: 582 patients undergoing OPCAB in a single-institution database (October 1, 2009-September 30, 2012) were stratified by perioperative continuation of statin therapy (CS group, n=398) or not (DS group, n=184). Inverse probability weighted propensity adjustment was used to account for treatment assignment bias, resulting in a well-matched cohort. Primary outcomes were graft patency at an average of five days after operation and in-hospital mortality. Secondary outcomes included intraoperative blood loss, liver, and renal functions. Results: No in-hospital death occurred in this study. Early graft patency rates after OPCAB were 98.4% (1255 of 1275 grafts) in the CS group and 98.0% (583 of 595 grafts, P=0.486) in the DS group. Secondary outcomes showed a reduction in blood loss during operation (438.53 mL versus 480.47 mL, P=0.01). Continuation of statin therapy is associated with alanine transaminase (ALT) elevation (49.67 U/L versus 34.52 U/L, P<0.001), as well as aspartate transaminase (33.54 U/L versus 28.10 U/L, P<0.001). Abnormal ALT elevation was observed in 8.9% of the CS group and 3.1% in DS (odds ratio 3.06, 95% confidence interval, 1.77 to 5.29, P<0.001). There was no significant difference in estimated glomerular filtration rate (76.28 mL/min/1.73m2 versus 76.13 mL/min/1.73m2, P=0.90). Subgroup analyses suggested that graft occlusion was less common in CS than in DS group among smoking patients (odds ratio 0.41, 95% confidence interval, 0.20 to 0.86, P=0.026). Conclusions: Perioperative continuation of statin therapy did not improve early graft patency in OPCAB patients. A lower risk of graft occlusion was observed among smoking patients. Continuous statin use correlated with liver function elevation (Clinical Trials.gov number, NCT01268917).

10.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31783134

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The Lhoba people are a small, ancient, tribal ethnic group from the Himalayas and are located in the Tibet Autonomous Region of China. Medog County is rich in biocultural diversity. For a long time, Medog has been almost isolated from the outside world. The Lhoba people, who live in Medog, have maintained a relatively unique lifestyle and have accumulated rich traditional knowledge (TK), especially about medicinal and edible plants. Currently, there is very little documentation of the plants traditionally used by the local Lhoba communities. AIM OF THE STUDY: Our investigation aimed to (i) document the species of medicinal and food plants used by the Lhoba people in Medog County, Tibet, China; (ii) screen the most important plant taxa for specific medicines, and identify the aliments treated to further contribute to drug and food supplement research; and (iii) examine whether the ethnobotanical knowledge of the Lhoba is similar among different tribes and discuss traditional uses in the health practices and livelihoods of the local communities. METHODS: Ethnobotanical data were recorded through semi-structured interviews, guided field trips, and quantitative analysis. The informant consensus factor (FIC) was used as a quantitative index. RESULTS: Ninety-one informants (61 men and 30 women) were interviewed. A total of 75 species, including 37 medicinal plants for 14 categories of diseases and 57 edible plants from six types of food, were recorded. Among the usage types of medicinal plants, the highest FIC values were recorded for antidotes (FIC = 0.98), anthelmintics (FIC = 0.98), and treatments of gastrointestinal problems (FIC = 0.93). The FIC values for different types of edible plants were very similar. The most frequently used medicinal and food plants in the studied communities are Zanthoxylum motuoense, Crassocephalum crepidioides, and Swertia nervosa. According to the comparative study, few differences in the use of wild plants were found. There appeared to be more overlapping species between two Lhoba tribes in Medog, named Mixingba and Miguba, with 46 (61%) common species, compared with the Bo'gaer tribe in Milin, which had only two (2.7%) overlapping species. This might be due to the different geographical environments, vegetation types, and different influences of other ethnic cultures. CONCLUSIONS: The Lhoba people in Medog County, Tibet, China, have rich TK about the uses of wild plants. However, the TK is seriously threatened due to environmental degradation and acculturation, and it showed signs of being forgotten and abandoned by the younger generation. Therefore, measures are urgently needed to document and protect the TK of the uses of the wild plant resources; and (i) the most frequently used medicinal and/or edible plants; (ii) the plants used to treat the most commonly mentioned diseases; and (iii) the endemic species that are widely used in Medog, which should be assessed for their potential future as food supplements and therapeutic products.

11.
Neuroscience ; 424: 34-44, 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704495

RESUMO

Patients with heart failure (HF) are more susceptible to cognitive impairment, but the mechanism is still unclear. This study aimed to observe the dynamic changes in brain glucose metabolism and neuronal structure in different stages of HF. An HF rat model was established by ligating the anterior descending branch of the left coronary artery. To simulate acute heart failure (AHF) and chronic heart failure (CHF) in the clinic, relevant laboratory indexes were detected 10 and 60 days after ligation. The results showed that the model rats had systolic HF. Cognitive function was not obviously impaired in 10-day rats with HF, while the memory and learning functions were significantly impaired in 60-day rats with HF. The brain glucose metabolism in 10-day rats compensatorily increased in the prefrontal cortex (PFC), medial PFC (mPFC), cingulate gyrus, and basal ganglia (BG). In contrast, the metabolism of 60-day rats reduced in the PFC and BG. Meanwhile, the neuronal structure slightly changed in 10-day rats with HF, but neuronal karyopyknosis, reduced Nissl bodies, and swollen organelles were found in 60-day rats with HF. In conclusion, brain glucose metabolism and neuronal structure showed a dynamic evolution. Rats with AHF were in a compensatory state for increased glucose metabolism and slight neuronal damage. As a result, no significant cognitive impairment was observed. However, rats with CHF had significantly decreased cerebral glucose metabolism and neuronal degeneration, contributing to the cognitive function after HF.

12.
Pathol Oncol Res ; 2019 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31781973

RESUMO

Condyloma acuminate (CA) is a communicable disease caused by human papillomavirus (HPV). This study aimed to study the targeting relationship between miR-34a-5p and Jagged 1 (JAG1), as well as its regulatory effect in HPV-infected cells. Human keratinocyte HaCaT cells were infected with HPV16E6, and CA tissues were collected. The expression level of miR-34a-5p and JAG1 were detected in CA tissues and HPV-HaCaT cells. Cell proliferation, migration and invasion were respectively measured using 3-(4, 5)-dimethylthiahiazo-(-z-y1)-3, 5-diphenytetrazoliumromide (MTT), cell wound healing and Transwell assay. The potential binding sites of miR-34a-5p and JAG1 were predicted by website TargetScan, and confirmed using dual luciferase reporter gene assay. The proteins of Notch1 pathway-related were assessed using western blotting. The results showed that miR-34a-5p expression was decreased, and JAG1 expression was increased in CA tissues and HPV-HaCaT cells. Cell proliferation, migration and invasion were decreased when miR-34a-5p over-expression and JAG1 knock-down in HPV-HaCaT cells. Furthermore, miR-34a-5p had a targeting effect on JAG1. The expression level of Notch1, NICD, Hes1 and Hey1 were increased when miR-34a-5p knock-down. miR-34a-5p could inhibit cell development, and regulate the activity of Notch1 pathway through targeting JAG1 expression in HPV-infected keratinocytes.

13.
Nanoscale ; 2019 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31782479

RESUMO

Fuel cells are expected to be one of the most promising alternatives to the increasingly scarce fossil fuels, and Pt is the most commonly used catalyst for anodic and cathodic electrochemical reactions. To realize large-scale commercialization, it is most urgent to improve the efficiency of Pt and reduce the cost. Here, we synthesized an octahedral Pt-Ni-Ir yolk-shell catalyst through stepwise co-deposition (SCD), surface-limited Pt deposition (SLPD) and Ni-coordinating etching (NCE) processes. Experimental studies showed that the catalytic activities of the as-prepared trimetal yolk-shell catalyst were several times higher than that of the commercial Pt/C towards oxygen reduction and methanol oxidization under both acidic and alkaline conditions. This work may be extended to designing other multimetallic functional materials with complex hierarchical nanostructures, which is conducive to greatly enhancing the performance.

14.
Drug Des Devel Ther ; 13: 2873-2886, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31695321

RESUMO

Purpose: Pulmonary fibrosis (PF) is a common clinical disease, which results in serious respiratory impairment. Xin Jia Xuan Bai Cheng Qi Decoction (XJXBCQ) is a traditional prescription commonly used in treating lung diseases. We investigate the effect of XJXBCQ against PF and its mechanism via the regulation of TGF-ß1/Smad in vitro and in vivo. Materials and methods: XJXBCQ was first extracted and probed for chemical characterization. An PF model in vitro and in vivo was established in rats and in MRC-5 cells. In bleomycin (BLM)-induced rats model, lung function such as peak expiratory flow (PEF), minute ventilation (MV) and hydroxyproline (HYP) were measured; histopathological changes of lung tissue and TGF-ß1 in peripheral blood of rats were detected. TGF-ß receptor, Smad2 and its phosphorylation expression were tested by Western blot assay in rats model. Then the effects of XJXBCQ on TGF-ß1/Smad signal pathway were assessed by Western blot analysis in vitro, and IL-17A and IL-25 levels were evaluated by ELISA in vivo. Results: Our results showed that XJXBCQ significantly enhanced the lung functions, such as PEF, MV and HYP, by reducing the expression level of lung inflammatory cytokine and the content and fibrosis of lung collagen. Moreover, XJXBCQ effectively inhibited TGF-ß1, Smad2 and its phosphorylation expression, and the activation of Smad7 in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, XJXBCQ had an inhibitory effect on the α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and fibronectin (Fn) in vitro and downregulated IL-17A and IL-25 by inhibiting the activation of TGF-ß1/Smad signaling pathway in vitro and in vivo. Further, XJXBCQ effectively inhibitied ventilation volume and peak expiratory content remodeling and hydroxyproline content through inhibition of TGF-ßRⅡ, Smad2 and its phosphorylation expression, and activation of Smad7 in vivo. Conclusion: XJXBCQ extract had an anti-PF effect in vitro and in vivo, which could be attributed to the inhibition of the expression of p-Smad2 and increase in the expression of Smad7 by regulating the TGF-ß1/Smad activity.

15.
J Pharm Pharmacol ; 2019 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31743450

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study was aimed to explore the mechanism of Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata (ALRP) and Zingiberis Rhizoma (ZR) on doxorubicin (DOX)-induced chronic heart failure (CHF) in rats by integrated approaches. METHODS: Effects of ALRP and ZR on cardiac function, serum biochemical indicators and histopathology in rats were analysed. Moreover, UHPLC-Q-TOF/MS was performed to identify the potential metabolites affecting the pathological process of CHF. Metabolomics and network pharmacology analyses were conducted to illustrate the possible pathways and network in CHF treatment. The predicted gene expression levels in heart tissue were verified and assessed by RT-PCR. KEY FINDINGS: ALRP-ZR demonstrated remarkable promotion of hemodynamic indices and alleviated histological damage of heart tissue. Metabolomics analyses showed that the therapeutic effect of ALRP and ZR is mainly associated with the regulation of eight metabolites and ten pathways, which may be responsible for the therapeutic efficacy of ALRP-ZR. Moreover, the results of RT-PCR showed that ALRP-ZR could substantially increase the expression level of energy metabolism-related genes, including PPARδ, PPARγ, Lpl, Scd, Fasn and Pla2g2e. CONCLUSIONS: The results highlighted the role of ALRP-ZR in the treatment of CHF by influencing the metabolites related to energy metabolism pathway via metabolomics and network pharmacology analyses.

16.
Respir Res ; 20(1): 250, 2019 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31703589

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Balloon pulmonary angioplasty (BPA) has been demonstrated to improve cardiac function and exercise capacity in patients with inoperable chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH), but its instant impact on cardiopulmonary function has seldom been evaluated. This study aims to determine the safety and efficacy of BPA and its immediate and lasting effects on cardiopulmonary function among CTEPH patients. METHODS: From May 2018 to January 2019, patients with inoperable CTEPH who underwent BPA sessions were consecutively enrolled. Hemodynamics were measured by right heart catheterization, selective pulmonary angiography and BPA were successively conducted. Hemodynamic variables, WHO functional class (WHO-FC), 6-min walk distance (6MWD) and serum NT-proBNP were evaluated before and after BPA sessions during hospitalization. Pulmonary function testing (PFT) and cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) were performed within 1-3 days pre and post BPA to evaluate the effect of BPA on cardiopulmonary function. RESULTS: Twenty-five patients with inoperable CTEPH who underwent a total of forty BPA sessions were consecutively enrolled. A total of 183 segmental or subsegmental vessels (4.6 ± 1.9 vessels per session) in 137 segments (3.4 ± 1.6 segments per session) were dilated. No procedure-related complications occurred. Instant hemodynamics, WHO-FC, 6MWD and NT-proBNP were all significantly improved after a single BPA session. Significant improvement in cardiopulmonary function was also evident as assessed by PFT indexes (forced vital capacity, forced expiratory volume in the first second, maximal voluntary ventilation) and CPET parameters (peak work rate, peak VO2, oxygen uptake efficiency slope). Further analysis among ten CTEPH patients receiving multiple BPA sessions (2-4 sessions) indicated BPA resulted in lasting improvements in hemodynamics and cardiopulmonary function. CONCLUSIONS: BPA, a safe and effective approach, can bring instant improvements after a single session and lasting benefits after multiple sessions to hemodynamics and cardiopulmonary function for patients with inoperable CTEPH.

17.
Molecules ; 24(21)2019 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31694215

RESUMO

Difficult-to-access 4-bromo quinolines are constructed directly from easily prepared ortho-propynol phenyl azides using TMSBr as acid-promoter. The cascade transformation performs smoothly to generate desired products in moderate to excellent yields with good functional groups compatibility. Notably, TMSBr not only acted as an acid-promoter to initiate the reaction, and also as a nucleophile. In addition, 4-bromo quinolines as key intermediates could further undergo the coupling reactions or nucleophilic reactions to provide a variety of functionalized compounds with molecular diversity at C4 position of quinolines.

18.
J Med Chem ; 62(22): 10305-10320, 2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31670517

RESUMO

Herein, we describe the design, synthesis, and structure-activity relationships of a series of unique 4-(1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-pyrimidin-2-amine derivatives that selectively inhibit Janus kinase 2 (JAK2) and FLT3 kinases. These screening cascades revealed that 18e was a preferred compound, with IC50 values of 0.7 and 4 nM for JAK2 and FLT3, respectively. Moreover, 18e was a potent JAK2 inhibitor with 37-fold and 56-fold selectivity over JAK1 and JAK3, respectively, and possessed an excellent selectivity profile over the other 100 representative kinases. In a series of cytokine-stimulated cell-based assays, 18e exhibited a higher JAK2 selectivity over other JAK isoforms. The oral administration of 60 mg/kg of 18e could significantly inhibit tumor growth, with a tumor growth inhibition rate of 93 and 85% in MV4-11 and SET-2 xenograft models, respectively. Additionally, 18e showed an excellent bioavailability (F = 58%), a suitable half-life time (T1/2 = 4.1 h), a satisfactory metabolic stability, and a weak CYP3A4 inhibitory activity, suggesting that 18e might be a potential drug candidate for JAK2-driven myeloproliferative neoplasms and FLT3-internal tandem duplication-driven acute myelogenous leukemia.

19.
Scand J Gastroenterol ; 54(11): 1364-1369, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31738618

RESUMO

Objectives: Small bowel angioectasia (SBA) plays an important role in the etiologies of obscure gastrointestinal haemorrhage. But the exact prevalence of the disease is unknown, especially in asymptomatic populations. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the prevalence of asymptomatic angioectasia in the small bowel (SB) with magnetically controlled capsule gastroscopy (MCCG).Methods: We retrospectively collected a multicentre clinical data of 508 asymptomatic patients who underwent MCCG from June 2018 to May 2019. Bowel cleanliness was rated as four grades according to the criteria, and the excellent or good preparation was classified as the adequate group. The detection rates of small bowel lesions were analysed according to the ages, genders and bowel preparations.Results: A total of 508 individuals have completed the examination. There were 316 men and 192 women with an average age of 44.5 years old. The prevalence of SBA was 11.8% (95% CI: 9.0-14.6%). 70.0% of them were over 40 years old and 73.3% were male although there was no obvious disparity found in age and gender for the SBA. Most findings were located in the proximal small bowel (jejunum). The incidence of small bowel lesions was not related to bowel preparations (p > .05).Conclusions: SBA is not uncommon in asymptomatic individuals. Age and gender may be risk factors for bleeding of angioectasia in the small bowel, but they seem to have little to do with the occurrence of it. MCCG showed no difference in ages, genders or bowel preparations of small bowel lesions among our study population.

20.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(95): 14343-14346, 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31720592

RESUMO

Tremella-like MoS2 nano-sheets were directly synthesized on transition metal sulfides (TMS) via a solvothermal method, displaying extreme activities towards hydrogen and oxygen evolution in alkaline condition. The enhanced performance is attributed to the synergistic effect between the MoS2 shell and TMS yolk, expanded interlayer distance and the hierarchical structure.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA