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1.
Reprod Domest Anim ; 2022 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35689464

RESUMO

The Switch/sucrose nonfermentable (SWI/SNF) chromatin remodelling complex is closely related to chromatin openness and gene transcriptional activity. To understand if the chromatin openness of donor cells was related to the development efficiency of somatic cell cloning embryos, two buffalo fetal fibroblasts (BFF), BFF1 and BFF3, with significantly different cloned blastocyst development rates (18.4% and 30.9% respectively), were selected in this study. The expression of SWI/SNF complex genes, chromatin openness, and transcript level of these two cell lines were analysed, and the effect of ATP on the expression of the SWI/SNF complex genes was further explored. The results showed that compared with BFF1, the expression of SWI/SNF complex family genes was higher in BFF3 at the G0/G1 phase, where SMARCC1, SMARCC2 and SMARCE1 were significantly different (p < .05). Assay of Transposase Accessible Chromatin sequencing (ATAC-seq) results showed that, at the genome-wide level, BFF3 had more open chromatin, especially which having more open chromatin peaks at SMARCA4, SMARCA2, and RBPMS2 (RNA Binding Protein, mRNA Processing Factor 2) sites. In total, 2,712 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified by the RNA-Seq method, with 1380 up- and 1332 down-regulated genes in BFF3. Interestingly, the ATPase-related genes ATP1B1 and ATP11A were extreme significantly up-regulated in BFF3 (p < .01). The ATP content and the expression of SWI/SNF complex genes in both BFF1 and BFF3 decreased when treated with rotenone. The above results demonstrated that the SWI/SNF complex contributed to chromatin opening, and chromatin opening of donor cells was essential for cloned embryo development.

2.
Front Aging Neurosci ; 14: 860762, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35721018

RESUMO

Background: Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is the leading cause of pain and stiffness, affecting older adults' physical function and quality of life. As a form of mind-body exercise, Tai Chi has been recommended as an exercise prescription for KOA patients. This study examined the effects and continuation of modified Tai Chi exercises on physical function and quality of life in elderly women with KOA. Methods: We conducted a single-blind, randomized controlled trial (RCT) on 40 older women with KOA. The participants were randomized to a 12 weeks Tai Chi or control group. The Tai Chi group attended a kind of modified Tai Chi training sessions three times per week; the control group attended wellness education sessions once a week. The primary outcome was the Western Ontario and McMaster University Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC). Secondary outcomes were the Berg Balance Scale (BBS), Timed Up and Go (TUG), Short-Form 36 (SF-36), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality of Index (PSQI), Self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS), and Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS). Results: After the 12-weeks the Tai Chi group showed significan improvement in the WOMAC pain (mean difference, -5.09 points, p = 0.001), WOMAC stiffness (mean difference, -3.60 points, p = 0.002), WOMAC physical function (mean difference, -11.21 points, p = 0.001) compared to the control group. In addition, the Tai Chi group had also significant improvement in the BBS (mean difference, 1.70 points, p = 0.008), TUG (mean difference, -0.52s, p = 0.001), SF-36PCS (mean difference, 7.60 points, p = 0.001), MCS (mean difference, 7.30 points, p = 0.001), PSQI (mean difference, -3.71 points, p = 0.001), SDS (mean difference, -5.37 points, p = 0.025) and SAS (mean difference, -5.06 points, p = 0.002). Conclusion: The modified Tai Chi exercises are an effective treatment for improved physical function and quality of life in elderly women with KOA. Clinical Trial Registration: The trial was registered in Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (ChiCTR2000040721), http://www.chictr.org.cn/edit.aspx?pid=65419&htm=4.

3.
Acta Pharm Sin B ; 12(5): 2550-2567, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35646526

RESUMO

In the development of chemo-immunotherapy, many efforts have been focusing on designing suitable carriers to realize the co-delivery of chemotherapeutic and immunotherapeutic with different physicochemical properties and mechanisms of action. Besides, rapid drug release at the tumor site with minimal drug degradation is also essential to facilitate the antitumor effect in a short time. Here, we reported a cancer cell membrane-coated pH-responsive nanogel (NG@M) to co-deliver chemotherapeutic paclitaxel (PTX) and immunotherapeutic agent interleukin-2 (IL-2) under mild conditions for combinational treatment of triple-negative breast cancer. In the designed nanogels, the synthetic copolymer PDEA-co-HP-ß-cyclodextrin-co-Pluronic F127 and charge reversible polymer dimethylmaleic anhydride-modified polyethyleneimine endowed nanogels with excellent drug-loading capacity and rapid responsive drug-releasing behavior under acidic tumor microenvironment. Benefited from tumor homologous targeting capacity, NG@M exhibited 4.59-fold higher accumulation at the homologous tumor site than heterologous cancer cell membrane-coated NG. Rapidly released PTX and IL-2 enhanced the maturation of dendritic cells and quickly activated the antitumor immune response in situ, followed by prompted infiltration of immune effector cells. By the combined chemo-immunotherapy, enhanced antitumor effect and efficient pulmonary metastasis inhibition were achieved with a prolonged median survival rate (39 days).

4.
Front Oncol ; 12: 841553, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35646631

RESUMO

Sancao Tiaowei Decoction (SCTWD), a traditional Chinese medicine created by Professor Chen Weijian, has been used in the prevention and treatment of precancerous lesions of gastric carcinoma (PLGC). However, its mechanism has not been made clear. This study aimed to evaluate the therapeutic effect of SCTWD on 1-methyl-3-nitro-1-nitrosoguanidine-induced PLGC in rats and the mechanism of this effect. We found that SCTWD effectively repaired gastric mucosal injury, reversed the process of PLGC, and inhibited the occurrence of gastric cancer to some extent. In the results of hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, the number and arrangement of mucosal glands and the number of mononuclear cells in the lamina propria were improved in varying degrees; the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) showed that the PG I and PGR of the medication treatment group were significantly higher; a Reverse Transcription-Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR) test showed that SCTWD could significantly upregulate the expression levels of Shh, Ptch, and Gli-1 in the gastric tissue of rats. The immunohistochemical method showed that SCTWD could significantly upregulate the protein expressions of Shh, Gli-1, Smo, cyclin D1, CDKN2A/p16INK4a, and NF-κBP65 and could reduce the expression of Ptch at the same time. Through the preliminary analysis of 75 compounds screened by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS, the main components, such as organic acids, esters and anhydrides, flavonoids, phenols, tanshinones, and so on, have anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor pharmacological effects. The results of KEGG enrichment analysis showed that 5 signaling pathways related to this project were found, and 33 differential genes were presented to construct the interaction network. These results suggested that SCTWD had a good regulatory effect on PLGC and thus may have a multi-targeted effect; SCTWD can not only significantly improve the pathological changes of gastric mucosa in rats with PLGC but also exert a strong effect of the regulation of the hedgehog signaling pathway.

5.
Front Mol Biosci ; 9: 807622, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35647031

RESUMO

Background: Dysregulation of RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) in cancers is associated with immune and cancer development. Here, we aimed to profile immune-related RBPs in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) and construct an immune-related RBP signature (IRBPS) to predict the survival and response to immunotherapy. Methods: A correlation analysis was performed to establish a co-expression network of RBPs and immune-related genes (IRGs) to characterize immune-related RBPs in the TCGA-LUAD cohort (n = 497 cases). Then, a combination of the Random survival forest (RSF) and Cox regression analysis was performed to screen the RBPs and establish IRBPS. This was followed by independent validation of IRBPS in GSE72094 (n = 398 cases), GSE31210, (n = 226 cases), and GSE26939 (n = 114 cases). Differences between the low- and high-risk groups were compared in terms of gene mutations, tumor mutation burden, tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes, and biomarkers responsive to immunotherapy. Results: DDX56, CTSL, ZC3H12D, and PSMC5 were selected and used to construct IRBPS. The high-risk scores of patients had a significantly worse prognosis in both training and testing cohorts (p < 0.0001 and p < 0.05, respectively), and they tended to be older and have an advanced TNM stage. Furthermore, IRBPS was a prognostic factor independent of age, gender, smoking history, TNM stage, and EGFR mutation status (p = 0.002). In addition, high-risk scores of IRBPS were significantly correlated with tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (p < 0.05). They also had a high level of PD-L1 protein expression (p < 0.01), number of neoantigens (p < 0.001), and TMB (p < 0.001), implying the possible prediction of IRBPS in the immunotherapy of LUAD. Conclusion: The currently established IRBPS encompassing immune-related RBPs might serve as a promising tool to predict survival, reflect the immune microenvironment, and predict the efficacy of immunotherapy among LUAD patients.

6.
Cell Transplant ; 31: 9636897221102902, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35670196

RESUMO

Genomic loss of mismatched human leukocyte antigen (HLA loss) is one of the most vital immune escape mechanisms of leukemic cells after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). However, the methods currently used for HLA loss analysis have some shortcomings. Limited literature has been published, especially in lymphoid malignancies. This study aims to evaluate the incidences, risk factors of HLA loss, and clinical outcomes of HLA loss patients. In all, 160 patients undergoing partially mismatched related donor (MMRD) transplantation from 18 centers in China were selected for HLA loss analysis with the next-generation sequencing (NGS)-based method, which was validated by HLA-KMR. Variables of the prognostic risk factors for HLA loss or HLA loss-related relapse were identified with the logistic regression or the Fine and Gray regression model. An HLA loss detection system, HLA-CLN [HLA chimerism for loss of heterozygosity (LOH) analysis by NGS], was successfully developed. Forty (25.0%) patients with HLA loss were reported, including 27 with myeloid and 13 with lymphoid malignancies. Surprisingly, 6 of those 40 patients did not relapse. The 2-year cumulative incidences of HLA loss (22.7% vs 22.0%, P = 0.731) and HLA loss-related relapse (18.4% vs 20.0%, P = 0.616) were similar between patients with myeloid and lymphoid malignancies. The number of HLA mismatches (5/10 vs <5/10) was significantly associated with HLA loss in the whole cohort [odds ratio (OR): 3.15, P = 0.021] and patients with myeloid malignancies (OR: 3.94, P = 0.021). A higher refined-disease risk index (OR: 6.91, P = 0.033) and donor-recipient ABO incompatibility (OR: 4.58, P = 0.057) contributed to HLA loss in lymphoid malignancies. To sum up, HLA-CLN could overcome the limitations of HLA-KMR and achieve a better HLA coverage for more patients. The clinical characteristics and outcomes were similar in patients with HLA loss between myeloid and lymphoid malignancies. In addition, the results suggested that a patient with HLA loss might not always relapse.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Neoplasias , Quimerismo , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Antígenos HLA/genética , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Perda de Heterozigosidade/genética , Recidiva
7.
Am J Emerg Med ; 58: 229-234, 2022 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35716536

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Peri-intubation cardiac arrest is an uncommon, serious complication following endotracheal intubation in the emergency department. Although several risk factors have been previously identified, this study aimed to comprehensively identify risk factors associated with peri-intubation cardiac arrest. METHODS: This retrospective, nested case-control study conducted from January 1, 2016 to December 31, 2020 analyzed variables including demographic characteristics, triage, and pre-intubation vital signs, medications, and laboratory data. Univariate analysis and multivariable logistic regression models were used to compare clinical factors between the patients with peri-intubation cardiac arrest and patients without cardiac arrest. RESULTS: Of the 6983 patients intubated during the study period, 5130 patients met the inclusion criteria; 92 (1.8%) patients met the criteria for peri-intubation cardiac arrest and 276 were age- and sex-matched to the control group. Before intubation, systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure were lower (104 vs. 136.5 mmHg, p < 0.01; 59.5 vs. 78 mmHg, p < 0.01 respectively) and the shock index was higher in the patients with peri-intubation cardiac arrest than the control group (0.97 vs. 0.83, p < 0.0001). Cardiogenic pulmonary edema as an indication for intubation (adjusted odds ratio [aOR]: 5.921, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.044-33.57, p = 0.04), systolic blood pressure < 90 mmHg before intubation (aOR: 5.217, 95% CI: 1.484-18.34, p = 0.01), and elevated lactate levels (aOR: 1.012, 95% CI: 1.002-1.022, p = 0.01) were independent risk factors of peri-intubation cardiac arrest. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with hypotension before intubation have a higher risk of peri-intubation cardiac arrest in the emergency department. Future studies are needed to evaluate the influence of resuscitation before intubation and establish airway management strategies to avoid serious complications.

8.
Updates Surg ; 2022 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35737259

RESUMO

To explore the value of blood routine examination indexes in the differential diagnosis of immunoglobulin A vasculitis (IgAV) with abdominal involvement and appendicitis in children. Forty-seven patients with IgAV and abdominal involvement, 95 cases with appendicitis, and 48 healthy children were enrolled in this study. Demographic and laboratory data were retrospectively recorded from medical files. The levels of serum percentage of lymphocytes (LYM%), percentage of eosinophils (E%), red cell volume distribution width (RDW) and platelet (PLT) count were higher, while blood cells (WBC) count, percentage of neutrophils (N%), percentage of monocytes (M%), mean platelet volume (MPV), platelet distribution width and C-reactive protein were lower in the group of IgAV with abdominal involvement compared to appendicitis group (P < 0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed LYM% (odds ratio (OR) = 1.34, P = 0.001) and RDW (OR = 2.96, P = 0.045) were independent risk factors for IgAV with abdominal involvement. N% (OR = 1.270, P = 0.006) and MPV (OR = 51.15, P = 0.042) were independently associated with appendicitis. Using receiver operating characteristic analysis, the optimal cut-off values (sensitivity and specificity) respectively were 42.17% (95.7%, 100.0%) for LYM%, 12.65% (83.0%, 83.2%) for RDW, 61.5% (91.6%, 97.9%) for NE% and 10.1fL (78.9%, 75.4%) for MPV, with the AUC values of 0.989, 0.881, 0.985, 0.810, respectively. Blood routine examination indices, especially the N%, LYM%, RDW, and MPV, can be used for simple differential diagnosis of IgAV with abdominal involvement and appendicitis.

9.
Curr Med Sci ; 2022 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35727419

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinical characteristics and prognosis of primary tracheobronchial tumors (PTTs) in children, and to explore the most common tumor identification methods. METHODS: The medical records of children with PTTs who were hospitalized at the Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University from January 1995 to January 2020 were reviewed retrospectively. The clinical features, imaging, treatments, and outcomes of these patients were statistically analyzed. Machine learning techniques such as Gaussian naïve Bayes, support vector machine (SVM) and decision tree models were used to identify mucoepidermoid carcinoma (ME). RESULTS: A total of 16 children were hospitalized with PTTs during the study period. This included 5 (31.3%) children with ME, 3 (18.8%) children with inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors (IMT), 2 children (12.5%) with sarcomas, 2 (12.5%) children with papillomatosis and 1 child (6.3%) each with carcinoid carcinoma, adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC), hemangioma, and schwannoma, respectively. ME was the most common tumor type and amongst the 3 ME recognition methods, the SVM model showed the best performance. The main clinical symptoms of PPTs were cough (81.3%), breathlessness (50%), wheezing (43.8%), progressive dyspnea (37.5%), hemoptysis (37.5%), and fever (25%). Of the 16 patients, 7 were treated with surgery, 8 underwent bronchoscopic tumor resection, and 1 child died. Of the 11 other children, 3 experienced recurrence, and the last 8 remained disease-free. No deaths were observed during the follow-up period. CONCLUSION: PTT are very rare in children and the highest percentage of cases is due to ME. The SVM model was highly accurate in identifying ME. Chest CT and bronchoscopy can effectively diagnose PTTs. Surgery and bronchoscopic intervention can both achieve good clinical results and the prognosis of the 11 children that were followed up was good.

10.
FASEB J ; 36(7): e22416, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35713583

RESUMO

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a heterogeneous disease characterized by complex molecular and cytogenetic abnormalities. New approaches to predict the prognosis of AML have increasingly attracted attention. There were 98 non-M3 AML cases and 48 healthy controls were enrolled in the current work. Clinically routine assays for cytogenetic and molecular genetic analyses were performed on the bone marrow samples of patients with AML. Meanwhile, metabolic profiling of these AML subjects was also performed on the serum samples by combining Ag nanoparticle-based surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) with proton nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. Although most of the routine biochemical test showed no significant differences between the M0-M2 and M5 groups, the metabolic profiles were significantly different either between AML subtypes or between prognostic risk subgroups. Specific SERS bands were screened to serve as potential markers for AML subtypes. The results demonstrated that the classification models for M0-M2 and M5 shared two bands (i.e., 1328 and 741 cm-1 ), all came from nucleic acid signals. Furthermore, Metabolic profiles provided various differential metabolites responsible for different AML subtypes, and we found altered pathways mainly included energy metabolism like glycolysis, pyruvate metabolism, and metabolisms of nucleic acid bases as well as specific amino acid metabolisms. It is concluded that integration of SERS and NMR provides the rational and could be reliable to reveal AML differentiation, and meanwhile lay the basis for experimental and clinical practice to monitor disease progression and prognostic evaluation.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Ácidos Nucleicos , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/metabolismo , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Prognóstico , Prata
11.
Sensors (Basel) ; 22(12)2022 Jun 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35746148

RESUMO

With the development of the Internet of Things, smart grids have become indispensable in our daily life and can provide people with reliable electricity generation, transmission, distribution and control. Therefore, how to design a privacy-preserving data aggregation protocol has been a research hot-spot in smart grid technology. However, these proposed protocols often contain some complex cryptographic operations, which are not suitable for resource-constrained smart meter devices. In this paper, we combine data aggregation and the outsourcing of computations to design two privacy-preserving outsourcing algorithms for the modular exponentiation operations involved in the multi-dimensional data aggregation, which can allow these smart meter devices to delegate complex computation tasks to nearby servers for computing. By utilizing our proposed outsourcing algorithms, the computational overhead of resource-constrained smart meter devices can be greatly reduced in the process of data encryption and aggregation. In addition, the proposed algorithms can protect the input's privacy of smart meter devices and ensure that the smart meter devices can verify the correctness of results from the server with a very small computational cost. From three aspects, including security, verifiability and efficiency, we give a detailed analysis about our proposed algorithms. Finally, through carrying out some experiments, we prove that our algorithms can improve the efficiency of performing the data encryption and aggregation on the smart meter device side.

12.
Anal Chem ; 2022 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35732056

RESUMO

The engineering strategy of artificial biointerfaces is vital for governing their performances in bioanalysis and diagnosis. Highly ordered arrangement of affinity ligands on the interface surface facilitates efficient interaction with target molecules, whereas biointerfaces aimed at drug delivery or rare cell isolation require sophisticated stimuli-response mechanisms. However, it is still challenging to facilely fabricate biointerfaces possessing the two features. Herein, we endow a biointerface with both reversibility and capability to orderly assemble affinity ligands by introducing boronic acid moieties alone. By boronate conjugation via glycosylation sites, avidin was well arranged at the surface of boronic acid-decorated carbon nitride nanosheets for the assembly of biotinylated aptamers. The ordered orientation of aptamers largely relieved their inactivation caused by inter-strand entanglement, facilitating significant increase in cell affinity for the isolation of circulating tumor cells (CTCs). The reversible boronate conjugation also facilitated mild release of CTCs by acid fructose with high cell viability. This engineered interface was capable of isolating CTCs from the peripheral blood of tumor-bearing mice and cancer patients. The successful utilization of the isolated CTCs in the downstream drug susceptibility test and mutation analysis demonstrated the clinical potential of this biointerface for the early diagnosis of cancers and precision medicine.

13.
Front Neurol ; 13: 874211, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35734473

RESUMO

Background: Peptidylarginine deiminase 2 (PAD2) mediates the post-translational conversion of arginine residues in proteins to citrullines and is highly expressed in the central nervous system (CNS). Dysregulated PAD2 activity has been implicated in the pathogenesis of several neurologic diseases, including multiple sclerosis (MS). In this study, we sought to define the cellular and regional expression of the gene encoding for PAD2 (i.e. PADI2) in the human CNS using publicly available datasets and evaluate whether anti-PAD2 antibodies were present in patients with various neurologic diseases. Methods: A total of 491 study participants were included in this study: 91 people with MS, 32 people with neuromyelitis optica (NMO), 281 people with post-treatment Lyme disease (PTLD), and 87 healthy controls. To measure PADI2 expression in the CNS from healthy individuals, publicly available tissue and single cell RNA sequencing data was analyzed. Anti-PAD2 antibodies were measured in the serum of study participants using anti-PAD2 ELISA. Clinical and demographic variables were compared according to anti-PAD2 antibody positivity for the MS and PTLD groups and correlations between anti-PAD2 levels and disease severity were examined. Results: PADI2 expression was highest in oligodendrocytes (mean ± SD; 6.4 ± 2.2), followed closely by astrocytes (5.5 ± 2.6), microglia/macrophages (4.5 ± 3.5), and oligodendrocyte precursor cells (3.2 ± 3.3). There was an increased proportion of anti-PAD2 positivity in the MS (19.8%; p = 0.007) and PTLD groups (13.9%; p = 0.057) relative to the healthy controls (5.7%), and these antibodies were not detected in NMO patients. There was a modest inverse correlation between anti-PAD2 levels and disease severity in people with MS (τ = -0.145, p = 0.02), with levels being the highest in those with relapsing-remitting disease. Similarly, there was a modest inverse correlation between anti-PAD2 levels and neurocognitive score (τ = -0.10, p = 0.027) in people with PTLD, with difficulty focusing, memory changes, fatigue, and difficulty finding words contributing most strongly to the effect. Conclusion: PADI2 expression was observed in diverse regions and cells of the CNS, and anti-PAD2 autoantibodies were associated with less severe symptoms in subsets of patients with MS and PTLD. These data suggest that anti-PAD2 antibodies may attenuate inflammation in diseases of different etiologies, which are united by high PADI2 expression in the target tissue.

14.
Plant Sci ; 322: 111344, 2022 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35659944

RESUMO

Globally, root-knot nematodes (RKNs) cause massive production losses in all major crops. E3 ubiquitin ligases are involved in plant growth, development and immune response. But their roles in plant defense against RKNs are largely unclear. Here, we show that tomato E3 ubiquitin ligase RING1 interacts with COP9 Signalosome Subunit 4 (CSN4) which is essential for jasmonic acid (JA)-dependent basal defense against RKNs. Tissue-specific expression analysis showed that RING1 expression was the highest in tomato roots and the expression was significantly increased with RKN (Meloidogyne incognita) infection. Compared with the wild-type plants, the number of egg masses in roots significantly increased in the ring1 mutants, while RING1 overexpression conferred resistance against RKNs. Furthermore, RKN infection increased the accumulation of CSN4 protein in the roots of wild-type plants, which was largely compromised in the ring1 mutants but was enhanced in the RING1 overexpressing plants. The RKN-induced transcripts of JA biosynthetic and signaling genes as well as the accumulation of JA and JA-isoleucine were compromised in ring1 mutants but were increased in RING1 overexpressing plants. These results suggest that RING1 positively regulates JA-dependent basal defense against RKNs by interacting with CSN4 proteins.

15.
Exp Parasitol ; 239: 108288, 2022 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35660532

RESUMO

Trypanosomes are haemoflagellates found in vertebrate species and many of them can cause death in infected hosts including fish and humans. With the development of high-density farming in marine and freshwater fish aquaculture systems, severe disease or death, caused by trypanosomiasis, has been frequently reported. However, due to the lack of a model system, particularly for marine fish trypanosomes, and a paucity in the understanding of the biology and pathogenesis of these parasites, effective treatment for fish trypanosomiasis is significantly hampered. The goldfish is the common model system for freshwater fish trypanosomes, mainly of the species Trypanosoma carassii, while a similar model for marine fish trypanosomes has not yet been established. To address this issue, we found that Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) could be easily infected with a marine fish trypanosome, Trypanosoma epinepheli isolated from Lates calcarifer. Obvious clinical symptoms, associated with a high parasitemia (>108/ml), were found in the infected tilapias and more than 70% mortality was recorded in individuals within 20 days of infection. Interestingly, we also found that the Nile tilapia could also be infected with a freshwater fish trypanosome isolated from the largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides) and caused significant death (more than 13%) in infected fish. This system not only provides an economical and effective laboratory model to study the biology and pathogenesis of marine and freshwater fish trypanosomes, but also provides a useful platform to develop vaccines and screen compounds for the protection and treatment of fish trypanosomiasis.

16.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2022: 8259909, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35685146

RESUMO

More than half of the universities have recently added advanced technical courses for their students. The specialised courses would be the backbone to keep the students' knowledge updated. In that case, artificial intelligence (AI) and virtual reality (VR) have been lightened up recently. This paper introduces the basic concepts of AI and VR and the changes that can be made when they are implemented in real-time applications. Students will be more focused on the courses utilising virtual reality. This VR makes the visualisation of any challenging course easier. Many students have been working on virtual reality in their colleges, and their involvement shows the actual output in the upcoming years. The research was carried on the Virtual Reality Driving Simulator Dataset to implement the virtual reality method. The results are compared to the real world and show that the proposed model is 98.67% more accurate than the real world.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Realidade Virtual , Computadores , Humanos , Aprendizagem , Tecnologia
17.
Front Immunol ; 13: 919012, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35686130

RESUMO

High-grade B-cell lymphoma (HGBL) is a newly introduced category of rare and heterogeneous invasive B-cell lymphoma (BCL), which is diagnosed depending on fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), an expensive and laborious analysis. In order to identify HGBL with minimal workup and costs, a total of 187 newly diagnosed BCL patients were enrolled in a cohort study. As a result, the overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) of the HGBL group were inferior to those of the non-HGBL group. HGBL (n = 35) was more likely to have a high-grade histomorphology appearance, extranodal involvement, bone marrow involvement, and whole-body maximum standardized uptake (SUVmax). The machine learning classification models indicated that histomorphology appearance, Ann Arbor stage, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and International Prognostic Index (IPI) risk group were independent risk factors for diagnosing HGBL. Patients in the high IPI risk group, who are CD10 positive, and who have extranodal involvement, high LDH, high white blood cell (WBC), bone marrow involvement, old age, advanced Ann Arbor stage, and high SUVmax had a higher risk of death within 1 year. In addition, these models prompt the clinical features with which the patients should be recommended to undergo a FISH test. Furthermore, this study supports that first-line treatment with R-CHOP has dismal efficacy in HGBL. A novel induction therapeutic regimen is still urgently needed to ameliorate the poor outcome of HGBL patients.


Assuntos
Linfoma de Células B , Aprendizado de Máquina , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , L-Lactato Desidrogenase , Linfoma de Células B/diagnóstico , Prognóstico
18.
BMC Psychiatry ; 22(1): 393, 2022 06 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35698058

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a group of clinically heterogenic neurodevelopmental disorders, with intellectual disability being one of its common comorbidities. No large-sample, multicenter study has focused on the neurodevelopmental aspect of preschoolers with ASD. This study investigated the neurodevelopmental characteristics of preschoolers with ASD in China and explored the association between them and the core symptoms. METHODS: We enrolled 1019 ASD preschoolers aged 2-7 years old from 13 cities around China between May 2018 and December 2019, and used the revised Children Neuropsychological and Behavior Scale (CNBS-R2016) to assess their neurodevelopment. Their autistic core behaviors were evaluated based on their Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS), Autism Behavior Checklist (ABC), Child Autism Rating Scale (CARS), and communication warning behavior (CWB) scores in the CNBS-R2016. RESULTS: Based on general developmental quotient (GQ) < 70, 68.4% of the preschoolers with ASD had a developmental delay (DD), rated mild in 32.7% of them. The highest DD rate (> 70%) was found in language and personal-social skills, followed by fine motor skills (68.9%). Gross motor skills had the lowest DD rate (34.0%). We found that fine motor, language, and personal-social developmental quotients (DQs) were significantly lower than gross motor skills in no DD (GQ > 70), mild DD (GQ 55-69), and moderate and below DD groups (GQ ≤ 54). Furthermore, the DQs for language and personal-social skills were significantly lower than for gross and fine motor skills in both DD groups. The ABC, SRS, CARS, and CWB scores in the no DD group were the lowest, moderate in the mild DD group, and highest in the moderate and below DD group. Besides, negative correlations were found between the DQs of the four domains and the ABC, SRS, CARS, and CWB scores, of which the language and personal-social skills DQs had the strongest correlations. CONCLUSIONS: Preschoolers with ASD had unbalanced neurodevelopment domain patterns and their neurodevelopmental levels were negatively correlated with the autism core symptoms. Hence, pediatricians should actively evaluate the neurodevelopment of children with ASD and conduct long-term follow-up during their early childhood to promote early diagnosis and develop personalized intervention plans. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ChiCTR2000031194 , registered on 03/23/2020.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Espectro Autista , Transtorno Autístico , Deficiência Intelectual , Transtorno do Espectro Autista/psicologia , Transtorno Autístico/complicações , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Comunicação , Humanos , Deficiência Intelectual/complicações , Habilidades Sociais
19.
Carbohydr Polym ; 291: 119507, 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35698323

RESUMO

For treatment of wound infection with stabilized iodine, potassium iodide cyclodextrin metal-organic frameworks (KI-CD-MOF) was prepared to carry iodine via gas-solid reaction. Apart from highly ordered porous frameworks, KI-CD-MOF contains uniformly distributed iodide ions which stabilize iodine (I2). X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and potentiometric titration were utilized to confirm the formation of I3- in the highly porous KI-CD-MOF as I2@KI-CD-MOF. Molecular simulation and characterizations of the synchrotron radiation Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimeter, powder X-ray diffraction and N2 adsorption were conducted to illustrate the inclusion mechanism of iodine in I2@KI-CD-MOF. The apparent solubility of iodine in water was 3.86 times enhanced. The stability and antibacterial activity tests demonstrated that the highly-dispersed iodide ions in KI-CD-MOF are crucial in improvement to the solubility, stability, and bacteriostatic effects of active iodide. Therefore, KI-CD-MOF has broad application prospects and advantages in efficiently capturing and stabilizing iodine.


Assuntos
Ciclodextrinas , Iodo , Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Ciclodextrinas/química , Iodetos , Estruturas Metalorgânicas/química , Solubilidade
20.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 13: 903731, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35692404

RESUMO

Background: Numerous studies validated frequent glucose dysfunction in patients with acute pancreatitis (AP). However, the prevalence of new-onset diabetes in individuals after a first episode of AP varies widely among previous studies. This study aims to determine the incidence of post-acute pancreatitis diabetes mellitus (PPDM-A) in Chinese people and further identify potential risk factors that influence diabetes development in patients with AP. Methods: This was a multi-center retrospective cohort study including 6009 inpatients with a first attack of AP. A total of 1804 patients with AP without known endocrine pancreatic disorders or other pancreatic exocrine diseases were eligible for analysis. Data was collected from medical records by hospital information system and telephone follow-ups after discharge. The multiple logistic regression analysis was established to evaluate the potential influencing factors of PPDM-A. Results: The prevalence of newly diagnosed diabetes after a first episode of AP in China was 6.2%. Data showed that patients who developed PPDM-A were more likely to be younger (X2 = 6.329, P = 0.012), experienced longer hospital stays (X2 = 6.949, P = 0.008) and had a higher frequency of overweight or obesity (X2 = 11.559, P = 0.003) compared to those with normal glycemia. The frequency of stress hyperglycemia on admission (X2 = 53.815, P < 0.001), hyperlipidemia (X2 = 33.594, P < 0.001) and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) (X2 = 36.335, P < 0.001) were significantly higher among individuals with PPDM-A compared with control group. Also, patients with PPDM-A were more likely to be hyperlipidemic AP (X2 = 16.304, P = 0.001) and show a higher degree of severity (X2 = 7.834, P = 0.020) and recurrence rate (X2 = 26.908, P < 0.001) of AP compared to those without diabetes. In addition, multiple logistic regression analysis indicated that stress hyperglycemia, hyperlipidemia, NAFLD and repeated attacks of AP were the independent influence factors for developing PPDM-A. Conclusion: Our study first demonstrated the prevalence of secondary diabetes in Chinese patients after AP. The disorder of glucose metabolism in individuals with AP should be regularly evaluated in clinical practice. Further studies are needed to verify the relationship between liver and pancreas in keeping glucose homeostasis under AP condition.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Hiperglicemia , Hiperlipidemias , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Pancreatite , Doença Aguda , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnóstico , Glucose , Humanos , Hiperglicemia/complicações , Hiperglicemia/epidemiologia , Hiperlipidemias/complicações , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/complicações , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/epidemiologia , Pancreatite/complicações , Pancreatite/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
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