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1.
Pain Rep ; 6(1): e931, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33997586

RESUMO

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) global pandemic poses a major threat to human health and health care systems. Urgent prevention and control measures have obstructed patients' access to pain treatment, and many patients with pain have been unable to receive adequate and timely medical services. Many patients with COVID-19 report painful symptoms including headache, muscle pain, and chest pain during the initial phase of the disease. Persistent pain sequela in patients with COVID-19 has a physical or mental impact and may also affect the immune, endocrine, and other systems. However, the management and treatment of neurological symptoms such as pain are often neglected for patients hospitalized with COVID-19. Based on the China's early experience in the management of COVID-19 symptoms, the possible negative effects of pre-existing chronic pain in patients with COVID-19 and the challenges of COVID-19 prevention and control bring to the diagnosis and treatment of chronic pain are discussed. This review calls to attention the need to optimize pain management during and after COVID-19.

2.
RSC Adv ; 11(46): 28508-28520, 2021 Aug 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35478566

RESUMO

TiO2/porous glass-H as composite catalysts were synthesized hydrothermally in the presence of H2O2 using porous glass microspheres as carriers. The photocatalytic-adsorptive desulfurization of model fuel by composite catalysts was investigated under UV irradiation. The structure and morphology of the composite catalysts were characterized via scanning electron microscopy (SEM), N2 adsorption, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy (UV-vis). The results showed that TiO2/porous glass-H exhibited a significantly enhanced photocatalytic-adsorption desulfurization performance due to its enhanced surface area, highly enhanced light absorption, and reduced recombination of photogenerated electron pairs compared with TiO2/porous glass synthesized in the absence of H2O2. The optimized TiO2 loading was 20% and the reaction temperature was 303.15 K, which could achieve almost 100% sulfur removal when 0.1 g catalyst was applied to a sulfide concentration of 300 mg L-1. Based on the kinetic fitting of the obtained data, it was found that the rate-controlling step of sulfide adsorption on the catalyst was a molecular diffusion process and the adsorption intensity and adsorption capacity of the composite catalyst were significantly improved compared with the porous glass-H in the adsorption thermodynamic curve, and ΔS, ΔH and ΔG of the adsorption process were calculated. In addition, TiO2/porous glass-H could be regenerated via simple heat treatment, exhibiting similar efficiency as the original TiO2/porous glass-H after three regeneration cycles.

3.
Nano Lett ; 20(6): 4645-4652, 2020 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32364394

RESUMO

A single photon in a strongly nonlinear cavity is able to block the transmission of a second photon, thereby converting incident coherent light into antibunched light, which is known as the photon blockade effect. Photon antipairing, where only the entry of two photons is blocked and the emission of bunches of three or more photons is allowed, is based on an unconventional photon blockade mechanism due to destructive interference of two distinct excitation pathways. We propose quantum plexcitonic systems with moderate nonlinearity to generate both antibunched and antipaired photons. The proposed plexcitonic systems benefit from subwavelength field localizations that make quantum emitters spatially distinguishable, thus enabling a reconfigurable photon source between antibunched and antipaired states via tailoring the energy bands. For a realistic nanoprism plexcitonic system, chemical and optical schemes of reconfiguration are demonstrated. These results pave the way to realize reconfigurable nonclassical photon sources in a simple quantum plexcitonic platform.

4.
Opt Lett ; 45(3): 665, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32004279

RESUMO

This publisher's note contains corrections to Opt. Lett.44, 2081 (2019)OPLEDP0146-959210.1364/OL.44.002081.

5.
Opt Lett ; 44(8): 2081-2084, 2019 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30985816

RESUMO

Detecting optical signatures of quantum phase transitions (QPT) in driven-dissipative systems constitutes a new frontier for many-body physics. Here we propose a practical idea to characterize the extensively studied phenomenon of photonic QPT, based on a many-body system composed of nitrogen-vacancy centers embedded individually in photonic crystal cavities, by detecting the critical behaviors of mean photon number, photon fluctuation, photon correlation, and emitted spectrum. Our results bridge these observables to the distinct optical signatures in different quantum phases and serve as good indicators and invaluable tools for studying dynamical properties of dissipative QPT.

6.
Opt Express ; 26(16): 20459-20470, 2018 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30119356

RESUMO

Stationary quantum correlation among two-level systems (TLSs) in steady state is one of unique resources for applications in quantum information processing. Here we propose a scheme to generate such quantum correlation among the TLSs inside a lossy cavity. It is found that, by applying a broadband squeezed laser acting as a squeezed-vacuum reservoir to the cavity, a stable quantum correlation of the TLSs can be generated. By adiabatically eliminating the cavity field, we derive a reduced master equation of the TLSs in the bad-cavity limit. We show that the generated quantum correlation is essentially determined by the squeezing features transferred from the squeezed-vacuum reservoir via the cavity field as a quantum bus. We study the effect of the system parameters, such as the squeezing, the detuning, the coupling strength, and the decay rate of the TLSs, on the performance of the scheme. The feasibility of our proposal is supported by the application of currently available experimental techniques.

7.
Sci Rep ; 6: 33271, 2016 09 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27627994

RESUMO

We explore controllable quantum dynamics of a hybrid system, which consists of an array of mutually coupled superconducting resonators (SRs) with each containing a nitrogen-vacancy center spin ensemble (NVE) in the presence of inhomogeneous broadening. We focus on a three-site model, which compared with the two-site case, shows more complicated and richer dynamical behavior, and displays a series of damped oscillations under various experimental situations, reflecting the intricate balance and competition between the NVE-SR collective coupling and the adjacent-site photon hopping. Particularly, we find that the inhomogeneous broadening of the spin ensemble can suppress the population transfer between the SR and the local NVE. In this context, although the inhomogeneous broadening of the spin ensemble diminishes entanglement among the NVEs, optimal entanglement, characterized by averaging the lower bound of concurrence, could be achieved through accurately adjusting the tunable parameters.

8.
Sci Rep ; 5: 15513, 2015 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26493045

RESUMO

We investigate the dynamics of quantum correlation between two separated nitrogen vacancy centers (NVCs) placed near a one-dimensional plasmonic waveguide. As a common medium of the radiation field of NVCs propagating, the plasmonic waveguide can dynamically induce quantum correlation between the two NVCs. It is interesting to find that such dynamically induced quantum correlation can be preserved in the long-time steady state by locally applying individual driving on the two NVCs. In particular, we also show that a large degree of quantum correlation can be established by this scheme even when the distance between the NVCs is much larger than their operating wavelength. This feature may open new perspectives for devising active decoherence-immune solid-state optical devices and long-distance NVC-based quantum networks in the context of plasmonic quantum electrodynamics.

9.
Sci Rep ; 5: 8352, 2015 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25666884

RESUMO

Gauge theory plays the central role in modern physics. Here we propose a scheme of implementing artificial Abelian gauge fields via the parametric conversion method in a necklace of superconducting transmission line resonators (TLRs) coupled by superconducting quantum interference devices (SQUIDs). The motivation is to synthesize an extremely strong effective magnetic field for charge-neutral bosons which can hardly be achieved in conventional solid-state systems. The dynamic modulations of the SQUIDs can induce effective magnetic fields for the microwave photons in the TLR necklace through the generation of the nontrivial hopping phases of the photon hopping between neighboring TLRs. To demonstrate the synthetic magnetic field, we study the realization and detection of the chiral photon flow dynamics in this architecture under the influence of decoherence. Taking the advantages of its simplicity and flexibility, this parametric scheme is feasible with state-of-the-art technology and may pave an alternative way for investigating the gauge theories with superconducting quantum circuits. We further propose a quantitative measure for the chiral property of the photon flow. Beyond the level of qualitative description, the dependence of the chiral flow on external pumping parameters and cavity decay is characterized.

10.
Sci Rep ; 5: 7755, 2015 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25583623

RESUMO

We describe a one-step, deterministic and scalable scheme for creating macroscopic arbitrary entangled coherent states (ECSs) of separate nitrogen-vacancy center ensembles (NVEs) that couple to a superconducting flux qubit. We discuss how to generate the entangled states between the flux qubit and two NVEs by the resonant driving. Then the ECSs of the NVEs can be obtained by projecting the flux qubit, and the entanglement detection can be realized by transferring the quantum state from the NVEs to the flux qubit. Our numerical simulation shows that even under current experimental parameters the concurrence of the ECSs can approach unity. We emphasize that this method is straightforwardly extendable to the case of many NVEs.

11.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 91(27): 1884-5, 2011 Jul 19.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22093841

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of mechanical ventilation and positive end expiratory pressure (PEEP) on central venous pressure (CVP). METHODS: Forty cases of respiratory failure with mechanical ventilation were enrolled. Catheter was inserted via subclavian vein in each. And then CVP was measured without mechanical ventilation and under different PEEP conditions of 0, 6 and 12 cm H2O. RESULTS: Mechanical ventilation could affect the levels of CVP, P(peak) ≈ PS+PEEP, followed PEEP, t = 3.364, P = 0.006. There was significant difference was found among the three groups, F = 15.293, P = 0.000. And CVP increased with a rising level of PEEP. CONCLUSION: Mechanical ventilation and PEEP affect the accuracy of CVP.


Assuntos
Pressão Venosa Central , Respiração com Pressão Positiva , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
12.
Neurol Sci ; 31(2): 165-8, 2010 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19957198

RESUMO

Inflammation is a key component of Alzheimer's disease (AD), and we have examined the effect of two polymorphisms (-174G/C and -572C/G) in the promoter of the inflammatory cytokine interleukin-6 (IL-6) gene on risk of AD in 318 AD patients. Significant differences in genotype and allele frequencies of -572C/G IL-6 promoter polymorphism were observed between AD patients and controls. The GG genotype was associated with a decreased risk of developing AD (OR 0.423, 95% CI 0.200-0.894). Similarly, logistic regression analysis revealed that G allele was a protective factor for AD (OR 0.732, 95% CI 0.567-0.945). For -174G/C variability, no C variability was found in all the subjects. The frequency of the IL-6 -174G/C promoter polymorphism is very low or no variability in Henan Han population. The -572C/G polymorphism of IL-6 gene promoter region is associated with AD, and G allele is an independent protective factor for AD.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer/genética , Interleucina-6/genética , Polimorfismo Genético , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Razão de Chances , Análise de Sequência de DNA
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