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1.
World J Surg Oncol ; 17(1): 179, 2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31685027

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Single-incision laparoscopic right hemicolectomy (SILS) has long used in surgery for a long time. However, there is barely a systemic review related to the comparison between the SILS and the conventional laparoscopic right hemicolectomy (CLS) for the right colon cancer in the long term follow-up. Herein, we used the most recent articles to compare these two techniques by meta-analysis. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library and Wanfang databases to compare SILS with CLS for right colon cancer up to May 2019. The operative, postoperative, pathological and mid-term follow-up outcomes of nine studies were extracted and compared. RESULTS: A total of 1356 patients participated in 9 studies, while 653 patients were assigned to the SILS group and 703 patients were assigned to the CLS group. The patients' baselines in the SILS group were consistent with those in the CLS group. Compared to the CLS group, the SILS group had a shorter operation duration (SMD - 23.49, 95%CI - 36.71 to - 10.27, P < 0.001, chi-square = 24.11), shorter hospital stay (SMD - 0.76, 95% `CI - 1.07 to - 0.45, P < 0.001, chi-square = 9.85), less blood loss (SMD - 8.46, 95% CI - 14.59 to - 2.34; P < 0.05; chi-square = 2.26), smaller incision length (SMD - 1.60, 95% CI - 2.66 to - 0.55, P < 0.001; chi-square = 280.44), more lymph node harvested (SMD - 0.98, 95% CI - 1.79 to - 0.16, P < 0.05; chi-square = 4.61), and a longer proximal surgical edge (SMD - 0.51, 95% CI - 0.93 to - 0.09, P < 0.05; chi-square = 2.42). No significant difference was found in other indexes. After we removed a single large study, we performed another meta-analysis again. The operation duration in the SILS group was still better than that in the CLS group. CONCLUSION: SILS could be a faster and more reliable approach than CLS for the right colon cancer and could accelerate patient recovery, especially for patients with a low BMI.


Assuntos
Colectomia/métodos , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/estatística & dados numéricos , Colectomia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Duração da Cirurgia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Virol J ; 16(1): 35, 2019 03 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30885224

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Papillomaviruses (PVs) and polyomaviruses (PyVs) infect diverse vertebrates including human and cause a broad spectrum of outcomes from asymptomatic infection to severe disease. There has been no PV and only one PyV detected in tree shrews, though the genomic properties of tree shrews are highly similar to those of the primates. METHODS: Swab and organ samples of tree shrews collected in the Yunnan Province of China, were tested by viral metagenomic analysis and random PCR to detect the presence of PVs and PyVs. By PCR amplification using specific primers, cloning, sequencing and assembling, genomes of two PVs and one PyV were identified in the samples. RESULTS: Two novel PVs and a novel PyV, named tree shrew papillomavirus 1 and 2 (TbelPV1 and TbelPV2) and polyomavirus 1 (TbelPyV1) were characterized in the Chinese tree shrew (Tupaia belangeri chinensis). The genomes of TbelPV1, TbelPV2, and TbelPyV1 are 7410 bp, 7526 bp, and 4982 bp in size, respectively. The TbelPV1 genome contains 7 putative open-reading frames (ORFs) coding for viral proteins E1, E2, E4, E6, E7, L1, and L2; the TbelPV2 genome contains 6 ORFs coding for viral proteins E1, E2, E6, E7, L1, and L2; and the TbelPyV1 genome codes for the typical small and large T antigens of PyV, as well as the VP1, VP2, and VP3 capsid proteins. Genomic comparison and phylogenetic analysis indicated that TbelPV1 and TbelPV2 represented 2 novel PV genera of Papillomaviridae, and TbelPyV1 represented a new species of genus Alphapolyomavirus. Our epidemiologic study indicated that TbelPV1 and TbelPV2 were both detected in oral swabs, while TbelPyV1 was detected in oral swabs and spleens. CONCLUSION: Two novel PVs (TbelPV1 and TbelPV2) and a novel PyV (TbelPyV) were discovered in tree shrews and their genomes were characterized. TbelPV1, TbelPV2, and TbelPyV1 have the highest similarity to Human papillomavirus type 63, Ursus maritimus papillomavirus 1, and Human polyomavirus 9, respectively. TbelPV1 and TbelPV2 only showed oral tropism, while TbelPyV1 showed oral and spleen tropism.


Assuntos
Genoma Viral , Papillomaviridae/genética , Polyomavirus/genética , Tupaia/virologia , Animais , China , Genômica , Metagenômica , Boca/virologia , Fases de Leitura Aberta , Filogenia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Baço/virologia , Proteínas Virais/genética , Tropismo Viral
3.
Am J Cardiovasc Drugs ; 19(3): 237-247, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30714088

RESUMO

Elevated serum low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) is a major risk factor for coronary heart disease (CHD). Many guidelines recommend LDL-C as a primary treatment target, and statins represent the cornerstone of treatment for lipid management. Recently revised guidelines recommend even more intense management of LDL-C, especially in patients at moderate and high risk. However, LDL-C levels in the Chinese population differ from those in Western populations, and the benefits and safety of the maximum allowable dose of statins have yet to be determined. Furthermore, in practice, many patients do not achieve the increasingly stringent LDL-C goals. Consequently, alternative approaches to lipid management are required. Combination therapy with ezetimibe and a statin, which have complementary mechanisms of action, is more effective than statin monotherapies, even at high doses. Several clinical studies have consistently shown that combination therapy with ezetimibe and simvastatin lowers LDL-C more potently than statin monotherapies. Moreover, the safety and tolerability profile of the combination therapy appears to be similar to that of low-dose statin monotherapies. This review discusses the role of simvastatin in combination with ezetimibe in controlling dyslipidemia in Chinese patients, particularly the efficacy and safety of combination therapy in light of recently published clinical data.


Assuntos
Ezetimiba/administração & dosagem , Hiperlipidemias/tratamento farmacológico , Sinvastatina/administração & dosagem , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Quimioterapia Combinada , Dislipidemias/tratamento farmacológico , Ezetimiba/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/administração & dosagem , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/efeitos adversos , Sinvastatina/efeitos adversos
5.
Virol Sin ; 33(1): 44-58, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29500690

RESUMO

Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is the prototype of the family Hepeviridae and the causative agent of common acute viral hepatitis. Genetically diverse HEV-related viruses have been detected in a variety of mammals and some of them may have zoonotic potential. In this study, we tested 278 specimens collected from seven wild small mammal species in Yunnan province, China, for the presence and prevalence of orthohepevirus by broad-spectrum reverse transcription (RT)-PCR. HEV-related sequences were detected in two rodent species, including Chevrier's field mouse (Apodemus chevrieri, family Muridae) and Père David's vole (Eothenomys melanogaster, family Cricetidae), with the infection rates of 29.20% (59/202) and 7.27% (4/55), respectively. Further four representative full-length genomes were generated: two each from Chevrier's field mouse (named RdHEVAc14 and RdHEVAc86) and Père David's vole (RdHEVEm40 and RdHEVEm67). Phylogenetic analyses and pairwise distance comparisons of whole genome sequences and amino acid sequences of the gene coding regions showed that orthohepeviruses identified in Chinese Chevrier's field mouse and Père David's vole belonged to the species Orthohepevirus C but were highly divergent from the two assigned genotypes: HEV-C1 derived from rat and shrew, and HEV-C2 derived from ferret and possibly mink. Quantitative real-time RT-PCR demonstrated that these newly discovered orthohepeviruses had hepatic tropism. In summary, our work discovered two putative novel genotypes orthohepeviruses preliminarily named HEV-C3 and HEV-C4 within the species Orthohepevirus C, which expands our understanding of orthohepevirus infection in the order Rodentia and gives new insights into the origin, evolution, and host range of orthohepevirus.


Assuntos
Arvicolinae/virologia , Variação Genética , Hepatite Viral Animal/virologia , Hepevirus/classificação , Hepevirus/isolamento & purificação , Murinae/virologia , Infecções por Vírus de RNA/veterinária , Animais , China , Genótipo , Hepatite Viral Animal/epidemiologia , Hepevirus/genética , Hepevirus/fisiologia , Programas de Rastreamento , Filogenia , Prevalência , Infecções por Vírus de RNA/epidemiologia , Infecções por Vírus de RNA/virologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Homologia de Sequência , Tropismo Viral , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma
6.
Cell Metab ; 27(2): 339-350.e3, 2018 02 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29414684

RESUMO

Sterile inflammation after tissue damage is a ubiquitous response, yet it has the highest amplitude in the liver. This has major clinical consequences, for alcoholic and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (ASH and NASH) account for the majority of liver disease in industrialized countries and both lack therapy. Requirements for sustained sterile inflammation include increased oxidative stress and activation of the HIF-1α signaling pathway. We demonstrate the ability of digoxin, a cardiac glycoside, to protect from liver inflammation and damage in ASH and NASH. Digoxin was effective in maintaining cellular redox homeostasis and suppressing HIF-1α pathway activation. A proteomic screen revealed that digoxin binds pyruvate kinase M2 (PKM2), and independently of PKM2 kinase activity results in chromatin remodeling and downregulation of HIF-1α transactivation. These data identify PKM2 as a mediator and therapeutic target for regulating liver sterile inflammation, and demonstrate a novel role for digoxin that can effectively protect the liver from ASH and NASH.


Assuntos
Digoxina/farmacologia , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/genética , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/genética , Piruvato Quinase/metabolismo , Ativação Transcricional/efeitos dos fármacos , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Núcleo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Núcleo Celular/metabolismo , Cromatina/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Endotoxinas , Histonas/metabolismo , Humanos , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/metabolismo , Inflamação/genética , Inflamação/patologia , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/metabolismo , Fígado/patologia , Oxirredução , Ligação Proteica/efeitos dos fármacos , Piruvato Quinase/química , Células THP-1 , Transcrição Genética/efeitos dos fármacos
7.
Epigenomics ; 10(1): 43-57, 2018 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29172698

RESUMO

AIM: This study aimed to investigate the role of miRNAs in UGT1A regulation. MATERIALS & METHODS: Based on bioinformatic prediction results, luciferase reporter assay and cell-transfection experiments were performed to study effects of miR-298 on UGT1A expression. Correlation study was conducted in human livers. RESULTS: miR-298 overexpression reduced mRNA level of UGT1A1 and UGT1A4 in HepG2 and LS174T cells, and that of UGT1A3 and UGT1A9 in LS174T cells. miR-298 repression increased mRNA level of UGT1A4 in HepG2 and LS174T cells, and that of UGT1A1 and UGT1A3 in LS174T cells. Inverse correlations between miR-298, as well as miR-491-3p, and UGT1A3 and 1A4 mRNA levels were observed in livers. CONCLUSION: The study demonstrates that miR-298 and miR-491-3p downregulates UGT1A expression.


Assuntos
Glucuronosiltransferase/genética , Fígado/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Regulação para Baixo , Glucuronosiltransferase/metabolismo , Humanos
8.
Virol J ; 14(1): 98, 2017 05 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28549438

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rodents represent the most diverse mammals on the planet and are important reservoirs of human pathogens. Coronaviruses infect various animals, but to date, relatively few coronaviruses have been identified in rodents worldwide. The evolution and ecology of coronaviruses in rodent have not been fully investigated. RESULTS: In this study, we collected 177 intestinal samples from thress species of rodents in Jianchuan County, Yunnan Province, China. Alphacoronavirus and betacoronavirus were detected in 23 rodent samples from three species, namely Apodemus chevrieri (21/98), Eothenomys fidelis (1/62), and Apodemus ilex (1/17). We further characterized the full-length genome of an alphacoronavirus from the A. chevrieri rat and named it as AcCoV-JC34. The AcCoV-JC34 genome was 27,649 nucleotides long and showed a structure similar to the HKU2 bat coronavirus. Comparing the normal transcription regulatory sequence (TRS), 3 variant TRS sequences upstream the spike (S), ORF3, and ORF8 genes were found in the genome of AcCoV-JC34. In the conserved replicase domains, AcCoV-JC34 was most closely related to Rattus norvegicus coronavirus LNRV but diverged from other alphacoronaviruses, indicating that AcCoV-JC34 and LNRV may represent a novel alphacoronavirus species. However, the S and nucleocapsid proteins showed low similarity to those of LRNV, with 66.5 and 77.4% identities, respectively. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that the S genes of AcCoV-JC34, LRNV, and HKU2 formed a distinct lineage with all known coronaviruses. CONCLUSIONS: Both alphacoronaviruses and betacoronaviruses were detected in Apodemus chevrieri in the Yunnan Province of China, indicating that Apodemus chevrieri is an important host for coronavirus. Several new features were identified in the genome of an Apodemus chevrieri coronavirus. The phylogenetic distance to other coronaviruses suggests a variable origin and evolutionary route of the S genes of AcCoV-JC34, LRNV, and HKU2. These results indicate that the diversity of rodent coronaviruses is much higher than previously expected. Further surveillance and functional studies of these coronaviruses will help to better understand the importance of rodent as host for coronaviruses.


Assuntos
Alphacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Arvicolinae/virologia , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Coronavirus/veterinária , Murinae/virologia , Alphacoronavirus/classificação , Alphacoronavirus/genética , Animais , Betacoronavirus/classificação , Betacoronavirus/genética , China , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Genes Virais , Variação Genética , Genoma Viral , Filogenia , Análise de Sequência de DNA
9.
Drug Metab Pharmacokinet ; 31(6): 433-444, 2016 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27727071

RESUMO

CYP3A4 and CYP3A7 are generally served as the major adult and fetal liver forms, respectively, and exhibited a developmental switch during liver maturation. The objective of this study was to explore the potential mechanisms associated with the developmental switch of CYP3A4 and CYP3A7 in the Chinese Han population. We analyzed CYP3A4/7, nuclear receptors, and epigenetic modifications in human liver samples. We found that the expression levels of CYP3A4 mRNA in adults were significantly higher than the levels in fetus. In contrast, CYP3A7 mRNA expression reached a maximal level at an estimated gestational age of 25 weeks and then substantially decreased during the first year after birth. We also found that the expression level of hepatocyte nuclear factor 4 alpha (HNF4A) was most associated with CYP3A4 expression in adult liver; whereas the expression level of glucocorticoid receptor (GR) was intensively correlated with CYP3A7 expression in fetal liver. Furthermore, we illustrated the dynamic changes of H3K4me2 and H3K27me3 in the developmental switch of CYP3A7 and CYP3A4. In summary, our data suggested that HNF4A and GR, and epigenetic changes of H3K4me2 and H3K27me3 are associated with the ontogenic expressions of CYP3A4/3A7 in the livers of the Chinese Han population.


Assuntos
Citocromo P-450 CYP3A/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Fígado/metabolismo , China , Citocromo P-450 CYP3A/metabolismo , Epigênese Genética , Feminino , Feto/metabolismo , Fator 4 Nuclear de Hepatócito/genética , Fator 4 Nuclear de Hepatócito/metabolismo , Histonas/metabolismo , Humanos , Fígado/embriologia , Fígado/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Masculino , Receptores Citoplasmáticos e Nucleares/genética , Receptores Citoplasmáticos e Nucleares/metabolismo , Receptores de Glucocorticoides/genética , Receptores de Glucocorticoides/metabolismo
11.
Virol J ; 13: 27, 2016 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26880191

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rodents are natural reservoirs of hantaviruses, which cause two disease types: hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome in Eurasia and hantavirus pulmonary syndrome in North America. Hantaviruses related human cases have been observed throughout Asia, Europe, Africa, and North America. To date, 23 distinct species of hantaviruses, hosted by reservoir, have been identified. However, the diversity and number of hantaviruses are likely underestimated in China, and hantavirus species that cause disease in many regions, including Yunnan province, are unknown. RESULTS: In August 2012, we collected tissue samples from 189 captured animals, including 15 species belonging to 10 genera, 5 families, and 4 orders in Fugong county, Yunnan province, China. Seven species were positive for hantavirus: Eothenomys eleusis (42/94), Apodemus peninsulae (3/25), Niviventer eha (3/27), Cryptotis montivaga (2/8), Anourosorex squamipes (1/1), Sorex araneus (1/1), and Mustela sibirica (1/2). We characterized one full-length genomic sequence of the virus (named fugong virus, FUGV) from a small oriental vole (Eothenomys eleusis). The full-length sequences of the small, medium, and large segments of FUGV were 1813, 3630, and 6531 nt, respectively. FUGV was most closely related to hantavirus LX309, a previously reported species detected in the red-backed vole in Luxi county, Yunnan province, China. However, the amino acid sequences of nucleocapsid (N), glycoprotein (G), and large protein (L) were highly divergent from those of Hantavirus LX309, with amino acid differences of 11.2, 15.3, and 12.7 %, respectively. In phylogenetic trees, FUGV clustered in the lineage corresponding to hantaviruses carried by rodents in the subfamily Arvicolinae. CONCLUSIONS: High prevalence of hantavirus infection in small mammals was found in Fugong county, Yunnan province, China. A novel hantavirus species FUGV was identified from the small oriental vole. This virus is phylogenetic clustering with another hantavirus LX309, but shows highly genomic divergence.


Assuntos
Arvicolinae/virologia , Infecções por Hantavirus/veterinária , Hantavirus/classificação , Hantavirus/genética , Doenças dos Animais/epidemiologia , Doenças dos Animais/transmissão , Doenças dos Animais/virologia , Animais , China/epidemiologia , Reservatórios de Doenças , Hantavirus/isolamento & purificação , Camundongos , Filogenia , RNA Viral , Análise de Sequência de DNA
12.
J Virol ; 89(20): 10532-47, 2015 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26269185

RESUMO

UNLABELLED: Despite the identification of horseshoe bats as the reservoir of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)-related coronaviruses (SARSr-CoVs), the origin of SARS-CoV ORF8, which contains the 29-nucleotide signature deletion among human strains, remains obscure. Although two SARS-related Rhinolophus sinicus bat CoVs (SARSr-Rs-BatCoVs) previously detected in Chinese horseshoe bats (Rhinolophus sinicus) in Yunnan, RsSHC014 and Rs3367, possessed 95% genome identities to human and civet SARSr-CoVs, their ORF8 protein exhibited only 32.2 to 33% amino acid identities to that of human/civet SARSr-CoVs. To elucidate the origin of SARS-CoV ORF8, we sampled 348 bats of various species in Yunnan, among which diverse alphacoronaviruses and betacoronaviruses, including potentially novel CoVs, were identified, with some showing potential interspecies transmission. The genomes of two betacoronaviruses, SARSr-Rf-BatCoV YNLF_31C and YNLF_34C, from greater horseshoe bats (Rhinolophus ferrumequinum), possessed 93% nucleotide identities to human/civet SARSr-CoV genomes. Although these two betacoronaviruses displayed lower similarities than SARSr-Rs-BatCoV RsSHC014 and Rs3367 in S protein to civet SARSr-CoVs, their ORF8 proteins demonstrated exceptionally high (80.4 to 81.3%) amino acid identities to that of human/civet SARSr-CoVs, compared to SARSr-BatCoVs from other horseshoe bats (23.2 to 37.3%). Potential recombination events were identified around ORF8 between SARSr-Rf-BatCoVs and SARSr-Rs-BatCoVs, leading to the generation of civet SARSr-CoVs. The expression of ORF8 subgenomic mRNA suggested that the ORF8 protein may be functional in SARSr-Rf-BatCoVs. The high Ka/Ks ratio among human SARS-CoVs compared to that among SARSr-BatCoVs supported that ORF8 is under strong positive selection during animal-to-human transmission. Molecular clock analysis using ORF1ab showed that SARSr-Rf-BatCoV YNLF_31C and YNLF_34C diverged from civet/human SARSr-CoVs in approximately 1990. SARS-CoV ORF8 originated from SARSr-CoVs of greater horseshoe bats through recombination, which may be important for animal-to-human transmission. IMPORTANCE: Although horseshoe bats are the primary reservoir of SARS-related coronaviruses (SARSr-CoVs), it is still unclear how these bat viruses have evolved to cross the species barrier to infect civets and humans. Most human SARS-CoV epidemic strains contain a signature 29-nucleotide deletion in ORF8, compared to civet SARSr-CoVs, suggesting that ORF8 may be important for interspecies transmission. However, the origin of SARS-CoV ORF8 remains obscure. In particular, SARSr-Rs-BatCoVs from Chinese horseshoe bats (Rhinolophus sinicus) exhibited <40% amino acid identities to human/civet SARS-CoV in the ORF8 protein. We detected diverse alphacoronaviruses and betacoronaviruses among various bat species in Yunnan, China, including two SARSr-Rf-BatCoVs from greater horseshoe bats that possessed ORF8 proteins with exceptionally high amino acid identities to that of human/civet SARSr-CoVs. We demonstrated recombination events around ORF8 between SARSr-Rf-BatCoVs and SARSr-Rs-BatCoVs, leading to the generation of civet SARSr-CoVs. Our findings offer insight into the evolutionary origin of SARS-CoV ORF8 protein, which was likely acquired from SARSr-CoVs of greater horseshoe bats through recombination.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/veterinária , Genoma Viral , RNA Viral/genética , Recombinação Genética , Vírus da SARS/genética , Proteínas da Matriz Viral/genética , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Sequência de Bases , China , Quirópteros/virologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/genética , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Evolução Molecular , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Filogenia , Filogeografia , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , RNA Viral/metabolismo , Vírus da SARS/classificação , Vírus da SARS/metabolismo , Alinhamento de Sequência , Homologia de Sequência do Ácido Nucleico , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave/genética , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave/metabolismo , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave/transmissão , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave/virologia , Proteínas da Matriz Viral/metabolismo , Viverridae/virologia
13.
BMC Res Notes ; 8: 255, 2015 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26100251

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There have been four strains on Manzanilla virus (MANV) identified to date. Here, we identify a novel MANV strain (DHL10M107) isolated from Culex tritaeniorhynchus Giles mosquitoes from Ruili city, Dehong prefecture, Yunnan Province, in the People's Republic of China. RESULTS: The DHL10M107 L, M and S genes were sequenced at the nucleotide and deduced amino acid levels. The L, M and S gene sequences of DHL10M107 clustered with the MANV strains VN04-2108, TRVL3587, SA An 4165, and AV 782. DHL10M107 was most closely related to VN04-2108. Nucleotide homology ranged between 96 and 99% between DHL10M107 and VN04-2108. In terms of amino acid homology, all of the amino acid differences were in the L (96.3% homologous) and M (97.7% homologous) fragments. CONCLUSIONS: DHL10M107 is likely a MANV isolated from mosquitos in the Yunnan Province. This is the first reported isolation of MANV in mainland China.


Assuntos
Culex/virologia , Genoma Viral , Orthobunyavirus/genética , Filogenia , Proteínas Virais/genética , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Sequência de Bases , China , Orthobunyavirus/classificação , Orthobunyavirus/isolamento & purificação , Homologia de Sequência de Aminoácidos
14.
Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther ; 53(9): 737-45, 2015 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26104034

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Nifedipine is a calcium channel blocker that is widely used in the treatment of cardiovascular disease. However, significant individual variances in the disposition of nifedipine have been reported, and genetic factors are considered to play an important role. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of CYP3A4*1G, CYP3A5*3, ABCB1-C3435T, and POR*28 genetic polymorphisms on nifedipine pharmacokinetics in healthy Chinese volunteers. METHODS: 45 healthy Chinese volunteers enrolled in this study received a single oral dose of 90 mg nifedipine after providing written informed consent. Volunteers were genotyped for CYP3A4*1G, CYP3A5*3, POR*28, and ABCB1-C3435T. The blood concentrations of nifedipine were determined by high performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: There were significant differences of AUC00-∞ and AUC0-48h in the different CYP3A5*3 genotype groups (p = 0.043 and p = 0.048, respectively). The CYP3A5*3 GG group and POR*28 CT/TT group were found to have lower AUC00-∞ and Cmax compared with the POR*28 CC group (p = 0.046 and p = 0.002, respectively). In addition, the POR*28 CT/TT group was found to have longer t1/2 but lower Cmax than the CYP3A4*1G GG group (p = 0.032 and p = 0.002, respectively) as well as the CYP3A4*1G GG and the CYP3A5*3 GG group (p = 0.038 and p = 0.036, respectively) compared with the POR*28 CC group. No significant associations were found between CYP3A4*1G/ABCB1-C3435T polymorphism and pharmacokinetics of nifedipine. CONCLUSION: Both CYP3A5*3 and POR*28 polymorphisms are found to be associated with the difference in disposition of nifedipine; POR*28 is considered to have an impact on CYP3A4 activity.


Assuntos
Bloqueadores dos Canais de Cálcio/farmacocinética , Citocromo P-450 CYP3A/genética , NADPH-Ferri-Hemoproteína Redutase/genética , Nifedipino/farmacocinética , Subfamília B de Transportador de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/genética , Adulto , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
15.
Chin J Integr Med ; 21(3): 183-7, 2015 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24961942

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the distribution characteristics of Chinese medicine (CM) syndromes and the rule of dynamic evolvement in patients with colorectal cancer at the perioperative period by applying a mathematical statistics methodology. METHODS: By using the overall sample date, and cross-sectional descriptive and prospective researching methods, the clinical data of CM symptoms of patients with colorectal cancer from the first day of preoperative care to the third, seventh, and tenth days after the operation were collected. The distribution characteristics of CM syndromes and dynamic evolution were concluded upon by experts, and then by building up a database through the use of EpiData3.1 the frequency statistics and cluster analyses were applied utilizing SAS9.2 software. RESULTS: Among 210 cases of patient, on the day before the operation, the main route of syndrome was blood deficiency (33.33%), followed by the syndrome of deficiency of both qi and yin (28.57%). On the third day after surgery, the main syndrome was qi deficiency (47.62%), followed by yin deficiency inner-heat. On the seventh day after surgery, the main syndrome was both yin deficiency inner-heat (33.33%) and phlegm-dampness (33.33%). On the tenth day after surgery, the main syndrome was a deficiency of both qi and yin (38.09%), followed by dampness and hot accumulative knotting (33.33%). CONCLUSION: Research in the field of the distribution characteristics of CM syndromes and dynamic evolution will provide an objective basis for syndrome differentiation for patients in the perioperative period, further advancing the study of preventing and decreasing relapse and metastasis in CM therapy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Análise por Conglomerados , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Assistência Perioperatória , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios , Síndrome , Adulto Jovem
16.
Emerg Infect Dis ; 20(9): 1433-42, 2014 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25144604

RESUMO

Yunnan Province in China borders 3 countries (Vietnam, Laos, and Myanmar) in Southeast Asia. In the 1980s, a large-scale rabies epidemic occurred in this province, which subsided by the late 1990s. However, 3 human cases of rabies in 2000 indicated reemergence of the disease in 1 county. In 2012, rabies was detected in 77 counties; 663 persons died of rabies during this new epidemic. Fifty two rabies virus strains obtained during 2008-2012 were identified and analyzed phylogenetically by sequencing the nucleoprotein gene. Of the 4 clades identified, clades YN-A and YN-C were closely related to strains from neighboring provinces, and clade YN-B was closely related to strains from Southeast Asia, but formed a distinct branch. Rabies virus diversity might be attributed to dog movements among counties, provinces, and neighboring countries. These findings suggest that Yunnan Province is a focal point for spread of rabies between Southeast Asia and China.


Assuntos
Doenças Transmissíveis Emergentes/epidemiologia , Vírus da Raiva/genética , Raiva/epidemiologia , Animais , Antígenos Virais/imunologia , Ásia Sudeste/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Doenças do Cão/virologia , Cães , Feminino , Genes Virais , Variação Genética , Geografia Médica , Humanos , Masculino , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Filogenia , Raiva/virologia , Vírus da Raiva/classificação , Vírus da Raiva/imunologia , Estações do Ano , Vigilância de Evento Sentinela , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Análise Espacial
17.
Bing Du Xue Bao ; 30(1): 57-61, 2014 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24772899

RESUMO

This study aims to investigate the distribution patterns of mosquito-borne viruses in Menghai County, Xishuangbanna Prefecture, Yunnan Province, China and to provide evidence for the prevention and control of mosquito-borne diseases. Mosquito samples were collected using mosquito lamps. Viruses were isolated from the samples by cell culture, and the isolates were identified by RT-PCR. The genomes of isolates were sequenced for phylogenetic analysis. In July 2012, a total of 1468 mosquitoes were captured in Daluo Town of Menghai County; they were divided into 32 pools, including Culex tritaeniorhynchus (28 pools, 1383 mosquitoes), Culex quinquefasciatus (2 pools, 66 mosquitoes), and Anopheles (2 pools, 19 mosquitoes). Golden hamster kidney cells (BHK-21) and Aedes albopictus cells (C6/36) were used for virus isolation. The results showed that C6/36 cells were susceptible to two isolates recovered from Culex tritaeniorhynchus (BNDL1205 and BNDL1227), with marked cytopathic effect (CPE) of cell fusion. By contrast, the two isolates could not cause CPE in BHK-21 cells. RT-PCR was performed for the two isolates using the flavivirus-specific primers FU2/cFD3, and a 800-bp amplicon was obtained from both of them. Phylogenetic analysis showed that the two isolates shared the same evolutionary branch with the Quang Binh virus (QBV) strain VN180, which had been isolated from Vietnam, with nucleotide sequence homologies of 83.4% and 82.9%, respectively. However, there existed relatively large differences in nucleotide sequence between them and other Culex flavivirus strains previously isolated in China and other regions. In light of the similarity between the two isolates and QBV, BNDL1205 and BNDL122 were referred to as Quang Binh-like virus, which were first reported in China.


Assuntos
Culicidae/virologia , Vírus de Insetos/isolamento & purificação , Vírus de Insetos/fisiologia , Animais , Linhagem Celular , China , Cricetinae , Evolução Molecular , Filogenia , Homologia de Sequência
18.
PLoS One ; 8(10): e77017, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24146951

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The western borderland between Yunnan Province, China, and Myanmar is characterized by a climate that facilitates year-round production of mosquitoes. Numerous mosquito-transmitted viruses, including Japanese encephalitis virus circulate in this area. This project was to describe seasonal patterns in mosquito species abundance and arbovirus activity in the mosquito populations. METHODS: Mosquitoes were collected in Mangshi and Ruili cities of Dehong Prefecture near the border of China and Burma in Yunnan Province, the Peoples Republic of China in 2010. We monitored mosquito species abundance for a 12-month period using ultraviolet light, carbon dioxide baited CDC light and gravid traps; and tested the captured mosquitoes for the presence of virus to evaluate mosquito-virus associations in rural/agricultural settings in the area. RESULTS: A total of 43 species of mosquitoes from seven genera were collected, including 15 Culex species, 15 Anopheles spp., four Aedes spp., three Armigeres spp., one Mimomyia spp., two Uranotaenia spp. and three Mansonia spp.. Species richness and diversity varied between Mangshi and Ruili. Culex tritaeniorhynchus, Culex quinquefasciatus, Anopheles sinensis and Anopheles peditaeniatus were the most abundant species in both sampling sites. Ultraviolet light traps collected more specimens than CDC light traps baited with dry ice, though both collected the same variety of mosquito species. The CDC gravid trap was the most effective trap for capture of Culex quinquefasciatus, a species underrepresented in light trap collections. A total of 26 virus strains were isolated, which included 13 strains of Japanese encephalitis virus, four strains of Getah virus, one strain of Oya virus, one strain from the orbivirus genus, and seven strains of Culex pipien pallens densovirus. CONCLUSIONS: The present study illustrates the value of monitoring mosquito populations and mosquito-transmitted viruses year-round in areas where the climate supports year-round adult mosquito activity.


Assuntos
Arbovírus/isolamento & purificação , Culicidae/classificação , Culicidae/virologia , Animais , Biodiversidade , China , Feminino , Densidade Demográfica , Estações do Ano , Tempo (Meteorologia)
19.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 34(5): 428-32, 2013 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24016428

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To understand the epidemiologic characteristics of dengue fever, imported from Myanmar to the border of Yunnan province, China. Viral molecular epidemiologic features were also studied. METHODS: Questionnaires were used on each diagnosed, suspected dengue fever, case or unknown cases with fever when coming from Myanmar entering the port and hospitals in Ruili city of Yunnan province. Serum samples of these patients were collected to detect IgM antibody against dengue virus and RT-PCR assay. Homology and phylogenetic tree based on the whole nucleotide sequence of PrM-C and NS5 gene of dengue virus were further analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 103 sera were collected from patients at acute stage in Ruili city in July to November 2008. Among them, 49 cases were confirmed for dengue fever according to IgM and nucleic acid testings. Except one, other 48 cases were all imported into Ruili, from Myanmar. Of those, 18 patients were residents from Mujie city of Myanmar and hospitalized in Ruili and the rest 30 patients were Chinese citizens who had finished business and returned from Myanmar. Two isolates of serum samples from the imported cases were identified and both homology and phylogenetic analysis were performed, using the nucleotide sequences of PrM and NS5 genes. They were divided into dengue type 1 (RLB61) and dengue type 3 (RLC31) and were closer to the dengue virus strains isolated from Southeast Asia countries. CONCLUSION: It is confirmed that an epidemic of dengue fever which was imported from Myanmar to Ruili city of Yunnan province, China. Evidence also showed that both type I and III epidemic strains of dengue virus did exist in Mujie city of Myanmar in 2008.


Assuntos
Vírus da Dengue/genética , Dengue/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Epidemiologia Molecular , Mianmar/epidemiologia , Filogenia , RNA Viral/genética
20.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 768: 61-70, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23224965

RESUMO

Human autoantibodies have performed admirably in the service of characterizing GW/P-bodies. These antibodies have provided a critical point of reference by which other proteins have been shown to be components of GW/P-bodies. In addition,autoantibodies have been used to identify new GW/P-body components, including Ge-l, GW182, RAP55, and YB-1. Using new, high-throughput screening assays, it is likely that additional, novel GW/P-body components will be identified. Human auto antibodies have also raised the possibility of a functional link between two apparently unrelated cellular structures, PML-SplOO nuclear bodies and GW/P-bodies.A key unanswered question remains: What is the role of GW/P-bodies in the pathogenesis of autoimmune disease? Over the next 10 years, as more is learned about the function of GW/P-bodies, it is hoped that molecular and cellular biologists will further consider this question and remember the important contributions of patients with autoimmune disease to the early characterization of these cellular structures.


Assuntos
Autoanticorpos/imunologia , Autoantígenos/imunologia , Doenças Autoimunes/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Microcorpos/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/imunologia , Animais , Autoanticorpos/genética , Autoanticorpos/metabolismo , Autoantígenos/genética , Autoantígenos/metabolismo , Doenças Autoimunes/metabolismo , Imunofluorescência , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/imunologia , Microcorpos/metabolismo , Proteínas/genética , Proteínas/imunologia , Proteínas/metabolismo , Interferência de RNA/imunologia , RNA Mensageiro/imunologia , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética , RNA Interferente Pequeno/imunologia , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/metabolismo , Ribonucleoproteínas/genética , Ribonucleoproteínas/imunologia , Ribonucleoproteínas/metabolismo , Proteína 1 de Ligação a Y-Box/genética , Proteína 1 de Ligação a Y-Box/imunologia , Proteína 1 de Ligação a Y-Box/metabolismo
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