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1.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(12): 3133-3143, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467705

RESUMO

To study the effect of mineral Chloriti Lapis on pulmonary metabolites and metabolic pathways in lung tissues of rats with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(AECOPD). The AECOPD rat model of phlegm heat syndrome was replicated by the method of smoking combined with Klebsiella pneumoniae infection. Except for using UPLC-Q-TOF-MS analysis, SPSS 18.0, SIMCA 13.0 and other software were also used for statistical analysis. Through literature search and online database comparison, the differential metabolites were identified, and the possible metabolic pathways were analyzed. After 15 days of administration, PLS-DA analysis was carried out on lung tissue samples of rats in each group. The results showed that the metabolic profiles of lung tissues of rats in each group could be well separated, which indicated that Chloriti Lapis and aminophylline had significant intervention effect on the lung metabolic profile of rats with AECOPD. Moreover, the metabolic profile of Chloriti Lapis group was closer to that of control group, and the intervention effect was better than that of aminophylline group. As a result, 15 potential differential metabolites were identified: phytosphingosine, sphinganine, tetradecanoylcarnitine, L-palmitoylcarnitine, elaidic carnitine, lysoPC[18∶2(9Z,12Z)], lysoPC(16∶0), lysoPC[18∶1(9Z)], lysoPC(18∶0), stearic acid, lysoPC(15∶0), arachidonic acid, docosapentaenoic acid, linoleic acid and palmitic acid. Among them, Chloriti Lapis could significantly improve the levels of 10 differential metabolites of phytosphingosine, tetradecanoylcarnitine, L-palmitoylcarnitine, elaidic carnitine, lysoPC[18∶2(9Z,12Z)], lysoPC(16∶0), lysoPC[18∶1(9Z)], stearic acid, lysoPC(15∶0), and palmitic acid(P<0.05). The intervention effect of Chloriti Lapis group was better than that of aminophylline group. Analysis of metabolic pathways showed that there were 8 possible metabolic pathways that could be affected, and three of the most important metabolic pathways(pathway impact>0.1) were involved: linoleic acid metabolism, arachidonic acid metabolism, and sphingolipid metabolism. Chloriti Lapis had obvious intervention effects on lung tissue-related metabolites and metabolic pathways in rats with AECOPD, and the effect was better than that of aminophyllinne.


Assuntos
Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Animais , Pulmão , Metabolômica , Minerais , Ratos
2.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(14): 3694-3704, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34402294

RESUMO

The effects of Chloriti Lapis on metal elements in plasma and lung tissue of acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease( AECOPD) rats were studied. The rat AECOPD model with phlegm heat syndrome was established by smoking combined with Klebsiella pneumoniae infection. After the rats were treated by Chloriti Lapis,the contents of metal elements in plasma and lung tissue were determined by inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectroscopy( ICP-OES) and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry( ICP-MS). The changes in the contents of metal elements were analyzed by SPSS 18. 0. Further,the correlations of differential metal elements( including Cu/Zn ratio) with differential metabolites in plasma,lung tissue and urine of AECOPD rats treated with Chloriti Lapis were analyzed. The results showed that Chloriti Lapis significantly up-regulated the contents of Fe,Al,Mn,Cu,Zn,Sn( P<0. 05),V,Co( P< 0. 01) and Cu/Zn ratio( P< 0. 05),and significantly down-regulated the contents of Ti( P< 0. 05)and Pb( P<0. 05) in the model rat plasma. It significantly increased the content of Be( P<0. 05) and decreased the contents of Mg,Ti and Al( P<0. 01) in model rat lung tissue. The element profiles of normal group,model group and Chloriti Lapis group can be well separated. Chloriti Lapis group and other groups were clustered into two categories. The taurine in plasma and phytosphingosine in lung tissue had the strongest correlations with differential metal elements. The Fe,Al,Mg,Be,Ti,V,Mn,Cu,Zn,Sn,and Co in Chloriti Lapis may directly or indirectly participate in the intervention of AECOPD rats. This group of metal elements may be the material basis of Chloriti Lapis acting on AECOPD rats,and reduce the Cu/Zn value in vivo. It was further confirmed that Chloriti Lapis could interfere with the metabolic pathways of taurine and hypotaurine in plasma and urine as well as the sphingolipid metabolism pathway in lung tissue of AECOPD rats. In addition,this study confirmed that long-term smoking can cause high-concentration Cd accumulation in the lung and damage the lung tissue.


Assuntos
Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Oligoelementos , Animais , Pulmão , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Minerais , Ratos , Análise Espectral , Oligoelementos/análise
3.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 42(15): 2989-2994, 2017 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29139268

RESUMO

Models were established in mice with warfarin sodium method, and their bleeding time and hemostasis time were measured by tail cutting method and slide method respectively. Rats were administered for 15 consecutive days to measure their recalcification time, plasma viscosity, platelet adhesion rate, platelet aggregation rate and other blood indexes. As compared with the blank group, the bleeding time was prolonged in model groupn(P<0.05). As compared with the model group, the results showed that the positive vitamin K, the leaching type water decoction and the sediment type decoction could significantly shorten the bleeding time (P<0.01); positive vitamin K significantly (P<0.01) shortened clotting time, and the leaching type water decoction, the sediment type water decoction and the sediment type powder could also shorten the clotting time (P<0.05). As compared with blank group, low dose, medium dose of leaching type water decoction, medium dose of powder, high dose of sediment type decoction and low dose of drug residues could reduce plasma viscosity (P<0.05), and high dose of leaching powder and low dose of water decoction could significantly reduce (P<0.01) plasma viscosity. As compared with blank group, Limonitum leaching type decoction high dose group could significantly reduce the platelet adhesion rate (P<0.05), while sediment type water decoction could significantly increase the platelet adhesion rate (P<0.05); the high dose of leaching type water decoction, high dose of drug residues, low dose of leaching type powder and low dose of drug residues could decrease the platelet aggregation rate (P<0.05), while high dose of leaching type water decoction and high dose of the powder could increase the platelet aggregation rate (P<0.05). Analysis of mineral compositions was conducted by polarized light microscopy and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The results of the both methods showed that Limonitum mineral compositions contained goethite, quartz, and kaolinite, and sedimentary type also contained illite and albite. Sediment type of Limonitum showed better hemostatic effect, which may be related to the high content of goethite and illite.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Hemostáticos/farmacologia , Plumbaginaceae/química , Animais , Hemostasia , Camundongos , Minerais , Agregação Plaquetária , Ratos
4.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 41(13): 2500-2505, 2016 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28905575

RESUMO

The results of previous studies showed potential correlations between the penetration enhancement effect of essential oils and the drug properties of traditional Chinese medicine based on the data mining method. As chemical composition is the material basis of drug properties of traditional Chinese medicine, this article further analyzed the correlation between the chemical composition of essential oils and the drug properties. Firstly, essential oils were extracted by steam distillation, and then physicochemical parameters of essential oils, such as relative density and refractive index, were measured. The chemical components of 20 essential oils were analyzed by GC-MS, and divided into 12 categories according to skeleton features and functional groups. Finally, Logistic regression analysis was applied to reveal the correlations. The results proved that five flavors, four tastes and channel tropisms showed the correlation with chemical composition of essential oils (P<0.05). In conclusion, there were obvious correlations and regularity between the drug properties of traditional Chinese medicine and the chemical composition of essential oils.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Óleos Voláteis/química , Destilação , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Vapor
5.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 40(23): 4609-15, 2015 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27141671

RESUMO

To study the association between penetration enhancement effect of essential oils and drug properties of traditional Chinese medicines. Through literature research, 34 kinds of essential oils with the penetration enhancement effect were collected. The methods of frequency analysis and variable crosstab were used for intuitive analysis and association analysis. The association between penetration enhancement effect of essential oils and drug properties (four natures, five flavors, channel tropism) were analyzed by a general linear model. According to the findings, the essential oils with penetration enhancement effect were all sourced from acrid traditional Chinese medicines, because their positive drug nature contributed to the enhancement of the penetration effect of essential oil; five flavors had little effect on penetration enhancement (P = 0.6982), but four natures and channel tropism showed significant effects (P = 0.011, 0.077). In conclusion, there were obvious association and regularity between penetration enhancement effect of essential oils and drug properties of traditional Chinese medicine.


Assuntos
Mineração de Dados , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacocinética , Óleos Voláteis/farmacocinética , Pele/metabolismo , Mineração de Dados/métodos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Óleos Voláteis/química , Permeabilidade
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