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1.
Otol Neurotol ; 2022 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34999620

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of different treatments for posterior semicircular canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (PC-BPPV) by using direct and indirect evidence from existing randomized data. METHODS: Randomized case-control studies that compared the efficacy of various nonsurgical treatments in PC-BPPV patients at 1 week and 1 month of follow-up were comprehensively screened. Bayesian network meta-analysis was performed to evaluate direct and indirect treatment comparisons. We further conducted subgroup pairwise meta-analysis to explore the inconsistency between comparisons of the Epley versus a sham maneuver and the Epley versus the Semont maneuver. RESULTS: A total of 41 parallel, randomized controlled studies were included. The Epley with vestibular rehabilitation (EVR), Epley, Semont and Hybrid maneuvers were effective in eliminating nystagmus during a Dix-Hallpike test at 1 week of follow-up (odds ratios [ORs]: 11.41-23.8, 95% credible interval [CrI]: excluding null), among which EVR showed the best efficacy (the surface area under the cumulative ranking curves [SUCRA] = 77.5%). However, at 1 month of follow-up, only the Semont (rank first, SUCRA = 76.1%) and Epley maneuvers (rank second, SUCRA = 65.3%) were effective in eliminating nystagmus during a Dix-Hallpike test. In the pairwise subgroup meta-analysis, for patients younger than 55 years of age, the efficacy of the Epley maneuver was comparable to that of the Semont maneuver [rate ratio (RR): 0.99, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.93-1.05]; for patients with a longer duration before treatment, the effect of the Epley maneuver was equivalent to that of a sham maneuver (RR: 1.07, 95% CI: 0.90-1.29). CONCLUSION: Among the 12 types of PC-BPPV treatments, the Epley, Semont, EVR, and Hybrid maneuvers were effective in eliminating nystagmus during a Dix-Hallpike test for PC-BPPV at 1 week of follow-up, whereas only the Epley and Semont maneuvers were effective at 1 month of follow-up. The duration before treatments and the age of patients might contribute to the efficacy of treatments.

2.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 9: 796686, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34869393

RESUMO

Mounting evidence has demonstrated that circular RNAs have an important function in tumorigenesis and cancer evolvement. CircCRIM1 has been shown to be a poor prognostic element in multiple human malignancies. However, the clinical significance and mechanism of circCRIM1 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is still unclear. The present study confirmed the expression level of circCRIM1 using quantitative real-time PCR. In addition, circCRIM1 siRNA and overexpression vectors were used for transfection into LM3 or Huh7 cells to down- or up-regulate the expression of circCRIM1. In vitro and in vivo experiments were performed to explore the function of circCRIM1 in HCC. RNA pull-down, RNA immunoprecipitation, fluorescent in situ hybridization, and luciferase reporter assays were conducted to confirm the relationship between miR-378a-3p and circCRIM1 or S-phase kinase-associated protein 2 (SKP2) in HCC. Then, circCRIM1 was up-regulated in HCC and its expression level was significantly associated with poor prognosis and clinicopathologic characteristics. CircCRIM1 enhanced the proliferation and angiogenesis of HCC cells in vitro and promoted xenograft growth in vivo. Moreover, circCRIM1 upregulated the expression of SKP2 by functioning as a sponge for miR-378a-3p. These findings suggest that circCRIM1 boosts the HCC progression via the miR-378-3p/SKP2 axis and may act as a crucial epigenetic therapeutic molecule target in HCC.

3.
Eur J Radiol ; 146: 110070, 2021 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34856519

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the image quality (IQ) of low tube voltage coronary CT angiography (CCTA) images reconstructed with deep learning image reconstruction (DLIR). METHODS: According to body mass index (BMI), eighty patients who underwent 70kVp CCTA (Group A, N = 40, BMI ≤ 26 kg/m2) or 80kVp CCTA (Group B, N = 40, BMI > 26 kg/m2) were prospectively included. All images were reconstructed with four algorithms, including filtered back-projection (FBP), adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction-Veo at a level of 50% (ASiR-V50%), and DLIR at medium (DLIR-M) and high (DLIR-H) levels. Image noise, signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) and edge rise distance (ERD) within aorta root and coronary arteries were calculated. The IQ was subjectively evaluated by using a 5-point scale. RESULTS: Compared with FBP, ASiR-V50% and DLIR-M, DLIR-H led to the lowest noise (Group A: 24.7 ± 5.0HU; Group B, 21.6 ± 2.8 HU), highest SNR (Group A, 24.9 ± 5.0; Group B, 28.0 ± 5.8), CNR (Group A, 42.2 ± 15.2; Group B, 43.6 ± 10.5) and lowest ERD (Group A, 1.49 ± 0.30 mm; Group B, 1.50 ± 0.22 mm) with statistical significance (all P < 0.05). For the objective assessment, the percentages of 4 and 5 IQ scores were significantly higher for DLIR-H (Group A, 93.8%; Group B,90.0%) and DLIR-M (Group A, 85.6%; Group B,86.9 %) compared to ASiR-V50% (Group A, 58.8%; Group B, 58.8%) and FBP (Group A, 34.4%; Group B, 33.1%) algorithms (all P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The application of DLIR significantly improves both objective and subjective IQ in low tube voltage CCTA compared with ASiR-V and FBP, which may promote a further radiation dose reduction in CCTA.

4.
Adv Mater ; : e2108508, 2021 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34932849

RESUMO

Morphology control is the key to engineering highly efficient solution-processed solar cells. Focusing on the most promising application-oriented photovoltaic all-polymer solar cells (all-PSCs), herein we report a facile and effective meniscus-assisted-coating (MAC) strategy for preparing high-quality blend films with enhanced crystallinity and inter-penetrating nanofibers network morphology. The all-PSCs based on MAC exhibit excellent optoelectronic properties with efficiencies exceeding 15%, which is the best performance of solution-printing-based all-PSCs, as well as better stability. The crystallization kinetics of polymer blend film was investigated by in situ UV-visible absorption spectroscopy, and the result explains the linear relationship between the meniscus advance speed and the crystallinity (crystallization rate) of the polymer. To verify the compatibility and universality of this strategy, we applied the MAC strategy to the other three binary systems. By precisely controlling the meniscus advancing speed, we fabricated 1 cm2 all-PSC devices whose efficiencies exceeded 12%. Such progress demonstrates that the application of MAC strategy is a promising approach for the fabrication of high-efficiency all-PSCs. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

5.
Analyst ; 2021 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34901972

RESUMO

Biofouling is a nuisance in the practical applications of biosensors, which seriously affects the reliability and accuracy of detection. The utilization of antifouling interface materials is a promising option for mitigating biofouling. Only highly accumulated antifouling polymeric surfaces tend to offer "zero" nonspecific protein adsorption. Herein, superior antifouling coatings based on chondroitin sulfate (CS) were prepared by the NH2-MIL-53 (Al) assisted strategy. This is a novel design to improve the antifouling property of material by taking advantage of the high specific surface area of the three-dimensional MOF to increase the accumulation degree of antifouling functional groups per unit area. And the related chemical technology is simple and easy to operate. As expected, this novel CS-loaded MOF demonstrated an excellent antifouling performance in various biological samples, even in 100% goat serum. Only 8.48% changes of differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) were found. Furthermore, this antifouling interface material is successfully applied for the specific detection of the tuberculosis (TB) gene in undiluted biofluids. This developed TB biosensor showed a high analytical performance with a wide linear range (1.00 × 10-16 M to 1.00 × 10-11 M) and a low detection limit, indicating that it may open new avenues for direct biosensing of disease markers for clinical samples.

6.
Med Phys ; 2021 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34802144

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Pneumothorax is a life-threatening emergency that requires immediate treatment. Frontal-view chest X-ray images are typically used for pneumothorax detection in clinical practice. However, manual review of radiographs is time-consuming, labor-intensive, and highly dependent on the experience of radiologists, which may lead to misdiagnosis. Here, we aim to develop a reliable automatic classification method to assist radiologists in rapidly and accurately diagnosing pneumothorax in frontal chest radiographs. METHODS: A novel residual neural network (ResNet)-based two-stage deep-learning strategy is proposed for pneumothorax identification: local feature learning (LFL) followed by global multi-instance learning (GMIL). Most of the nonlesion regions in the images are removed for learning discriminative features. Two datasets are used for large-scale validation: a private dataset (27 955 frontal-view chest X-ray images) and a public dataset (the National Institutes of Health [NIH] ChestX-ray14; 112 120 frontal-view X-ray images). The model performance of the identification was evaluated using the accuracy, precision, recall, specificity, F1-score, receiver operating characteristic (ROC), and area under ROC curve (AUC). Fivefold cross-validation is conducted on the datasets, and then the mean and standard deviation of the above-mentioned metrics are calculated to assess the overall performance of the model. RESULTS: The experimental results demonstrate that the proposed learning strategy can achieve state-of-the-art performance on the NIH dataset with an accuracy, AUC, precision, recall, specificity, and F1-score of 94.4% ± 0.7%, 97.3% ± 0.5%, 94.2% ± 0.3%, 94.6% ± 1.5%, 94.2% ± 0.4%, and 94.4% ± 0.7%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The experimental results demonstrate that our proposed CAD system is an efficient assistive tool in the identification of pneumothorax.

7.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 12(47): 11563-11572, 2021 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34806885

RESUMO

Amorphous silica-aluminas (ASAs) are important acidic catalysts and supports for many industrially essential and sustainable processes. The identification of surface acid sites with their local structures on ASAs is of critical importance for tuning their catalytic properties but still remains a great challenge and is under debate. Here, ultrahigh magnetic field (35.2 T) 27Al-{1H} D-HMQC (dipolar-mediated heteronuclear multiple-quantum correlation) two-dimensional NMR experiments demonstrate two types of Brønsted acid sites in ASA catalysts. In addition to the known pseudobridging silanol acid sites, the use of ultrahigh field NMR provides the first direct experimental evidence for the existence of bridging silanol (BS: SiOHAl) acid sites in ASAs, which has been hotly debated in the past few decades. This discovery provides new opportunities for scientists and engineers to develop and apply ASAs in various reaction processes due to the significance of BS in chemical and fuel productions based on its strong Brønsted acidity.

8.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 193(Pt B): 1059-1067, 2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34798185

RESUMO

Environmentally friendly and non-toxic polylactic acid (PLA) foam has shown great application prospects in heat preservation, adsorption and other fields. However, it is still challenging to prepare high-expansion PLA foam. Herein, a cooling batch foaming process under supercritical CO2 (sc-CO2), based on pre-melted non-crystalline state, was proposed to prepare PLA foams with high expansion ratio. The CO2 dissolved in the polymer melt will lower the crystallization temperature of PLA. Due to the lack of crystallization, the foaming temperature of PLA can be reduced, which increases the CO2 saturation and helps foam. When foaming is triggered before crystallization, ultrahigh expansion foam can be produced. Based on pre-melting treatment, the maximum expansion ratio of PLA has reached 59.7-fold. At the same time, an open-pore structure is produced by this method, which can selectively absorb oil from water. In addition, the adsorption capacity of CCl4 reaches 15 g/g, and there is no significant attenuation in 20 adsorption-desorption cycles. This work provides a green, solvent-free method to prepare biodegradable oil-adsorbing foam.

9.
Ultramicroscopy ; 233: 113420, 2021 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34775241

RESUMO

Revealing the position of materials with chemical selectivity at atomic scale within functional nanoparticles is essential to understand and control their performance and cutting-edge atom probe tomography is a powerful tool to undertake this task. In this paper, we demonstrate three effective methods to prepare the needle-shaped specimens required for atom probe tomography measurements from nanoparticles of different sizes and provide examples of how atom probe can be used to provide data that is critical to their functionality. Samples measured include lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) cathode nanoparticles (300 - 500 nm), nickel-doped silicon dioxide (Ni@SiO2) catalytic nanoparticles (100 - 200 nm) and tin-doped copper (Sn@Cu) catalytic nanoparticles (<100 nm). The methods presented can be used to address the ongoing challenge of specimen preparation from particle samples for atom probe measurement, and they provide high quality data. These methods will broaden the application of atom probe tomography and will provide alternative option for researchers to assess the performance/structure of their functional nanomaterials.

10.
Biomed Chromatogr ; : e5272, 2021 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34727378

RESUMO

Dandelion extract shows potential anticancer activity and is expected to be a new type of natural anti-cancer drug. However, the effect mechanism of dandelion extract to lung cancer cells is still unclear. Here, untargeted metabolomics approach based on liquid chromatography-mass spectrograph (LC-MS) was used to characterize the metabolic responses of A549 cell to dandelion extract exposure, to provide new clues for the anti-tumor mechanism of dandelion extract from the perspective of metabolomics. A total of 16 differentially expressed and time-related metabolites were identified between dandelion extract exposure and control groups. The perturbed metabolic pathways of A549 cells after dandelion extract exposure mainly include the glycerophospholipid metabolism and purine metabolism. These results concluded that dandelion extract may exert anticancer activity by affecting the malignant proliferation, disturbing the stability of cell membrane structure, reducing the adhesion of tumor cells to extracellular matrix and fibronectin and finally inducing tumor cell death.

11.
Endocr Connect ; 10(11): 1377-1386, 2021 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34596577

RESUMO

The adverse effects of hypercortisolism on the human brain have been highlighted in previous studies of Cushing's disease (CD). However, the relative alterations in regional hypercortisolism in the brain remain unclear. Thus, we investigated regional volumetric alterations in CD patients. We also analyzed the associations between these volumetric changes and clinical characteristics. The study participants comprised of active CD (n = 60), short-term-remitted CD (n = 28), and long-term-remitted CD (n = 32) patients as well as healthy control subjects (n = 66). Gray matter volumes (GMVs) were measured via voxel-based morphometry. The GMVs of substructures were defined using the automated anatomical labeling (AAL) atlas. Trends toward normalization in GMV were found in most brain substructures of CD patients. Different trends, including enlarged, irreversible, and unaffected, were observed in the other subregions, such as the amygdala, thalamus, and caudate. Morphological changes in GMVs after the resolution of hypercortisolism are a complex phenomenon; the characteristics of these changes significantly differ within the brain substructures.

12.
Cell Death Discov ; 7(1): 270, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34599150

RESUMO

Circular RNAs (circRNAs), continuous loops of single-stranded RNA, regulate gene expression during the development of various cancers. However, the function of circRNAs in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is rarely discussed. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to determine the mRNA levels of circ_0011385, miR-361-3p, and STC2 in 96 pairs of HCC tissues (tumor tissues and adjacent normal tissues), HCC cell lines, and L02 (human normal liver cell line) cells. The relationships between circ_0011385 expression and clinical features of HCC were evaluated. Functional experiments in vitro or in vivo were used to evaluate the biological function of circ_0011385. Bioinformatics analysis was performed to predict miRNAs and mRNAs sponged by circ_0011385. RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) and dual-luciferase reporter gene assays were used to elucidate the interactions among circ_0011385, miR-361-3p, and STC2 (stanniocalcin 2). ChIP and dual-luciferase reporter gene assays were used to identify the upstream regulator of circ_0011385. High expression of circ_0011385 was observed in HCC tissues and cell lines and was significantly associated with tumor size, TNM stage, and prognosis. In addition, inhibition of circ_0011385 expression prevented the proliferation of HCC cells in vitro and in vivo. Circ_0011385 sponged miR-361-3p, thereby regulating the mRNA expression of STC2. In addition, the transcription of circ_0011385 was regulated by SP3. Circ_0011385 knockdown suppressed cell proliferation and tumor activity in HCC. Circ_0011385 may therefore serve as a new biomarker in the diagnosis and treatment of HCC.

13.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 118(42)2021 10 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34649989

RESUMO

Deserts exert strong selection pressures on plants, but the underlying genomic drivers of ecological adaptation and subsequent speciation remain largely unknown. Here, we generated de novo genome assemblies and conducted population genomic analyses of the psammophytic genus Pugionium (Brassicaceae). Our results indicated that this bispecific genus had undergone an allopolyploid event, and the two parental genomes were derived from two ancestral lineages with different chromosome numbers and structures. The postpolyploid expansion of gene families related to abiotic stress responses and lignin biosynthesis facilitated environmental adaptations of the genus to desert habitats. Population genomic analyses of both species further revealed their recent divergence with continuous gene flow, and the most divergent regions were found to be centered on three highly structurally reshuffled chromosomes. Genes under selection in these regions, which were mainly located in one of the two subgenomes, contributed greatly to the interspecific divergence in microhabitat adaptation.

14.
IEEE Trans Med Imaging ; PP2021 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34705640

RESUMO

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide. Accurately diagnosing the malignancy of suspected lung nodules is of paramount clinical importance. However, to date, the pathologically-proven lung nodule dataset is largely limited and is highly imbalanced in benign and malignant distributions. In this study, we proposed a Semi-supervised Deep Transfer Learning (SDTL) framework for benign-malignant pulmonary nodule diagnosis. First, we utilize a transfer learning strategy by adopting a pre-trained classification network that is used to differentiate pulmonary nodules from nodule-like tissues. Second, since the size of samples with pathological-proven is small, an iterated feature-matching-based semi-supervised method is proposed to take advantage of a large available dataset with no pathological results. Specifically, a similarity metric function is adopted in the network semantic representation space for gradually including a small subset of samples with no pathological results to iteratively optimize the classification network. In this study, a total of 3,038 pulmonary nodules (from 2,853 subjects) with pathologically-proven benign or malignant labels and 14,735 unlabeled nodules (from 4,391 subjects) were retrospectively collected. Experimental results demonstrate that our proposed SDTL framework achieves superior diagnosis performance, with accuracy=88.3%, AUC=91.0% in the main dataset, and accuracy=74.5%, AUC=79.5% in the independent testing dataset. Furthermore, ablation study shows that the use of transfer learning provides 2% accuracy improvement, and the use of semi-supervised learning further contributes 2.9% accuracy improvement. Results implicate that our proposed classification network could provide an effective diagnostic tool for suspected lung nodules, and might have a promising application in clinical practice.

15.
Vascul Pharmacol ; 141: 106920, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34592429

RESUMO

Angiogenesis is crucial for tissue damage repair in ischemic cardiovascular diseases. Vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A) acts as a vital mediator in angiogenesis. In this study, tetrandrine (Tet) was found from 23 herbal chemicals to increase VEGF-A mRNA expression in H9c2 cells and the effect was confirmed in freshly isolated neonatal rat cardiomyocytes. The effect of Tet on VEGF-A expression and the possible mechanism were investigated. Tet treatment increased de novo VEGF-A mRNA synthesis and did not affect VEGF-A mRNA stability. The circulating chromosome conformation capture (4C) experiments indicated that Tet enhanced VEGF-A transcription by targeting a regulatory element beyond the 2.6 kb region of the translation start site. Tet augmented the angiogenic activities of endothelial cells. It also enhanced blood flow restoration and capillary vessel density following ischemic limb injury associated with an escalation of VEGF-A expression. Moreover, in myocardial infarction (MI) model Tet treatment elevated neovascularization, reduced infarction size, and improved heart function via upregulating VEGF-A levels. Our results suggested that Tet increased VEGF-A transcription through a novel mechanism that likely involves a distant regulatory element and may be useful for therapeutic angiogenesis for ischemic diseases.

16.
Dermatology ; : 1-9, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34535598

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate coronary inflammation by measuring the perivascular fat attenuation index (FAI) and quantify the atherosclerosis burden in patients with psoriasis and control individuals without psoriasis based on coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) images. METHODS: A total of 98 consecutive patients with psoriasis (76 male [77.6%], aged 56.5 years, range 45.5-65.0) were recruited, and 196 patients (157 male [80.1%]; aged 54.6 ± 14.1 years) without established cardiovascular disease (CVD) who underwent CCTA within the same period were enrolled in the control group. Coronary plaque burden was quantified using the computed tomography-adapted Leaman score (CT-LeSc), and the FAI surrounding the proximal of three main epicardial vessels was measured to represent coronary inflammation. RESULTS: Patients with psoriasis and the control subjects were well matched in CVD risk factors (all p > 0.05). Psoriasis patients had a greater overall CT-LeSc (5.86 vs. 4.69, p = 0.030) and lower perivascular FAI (-80.19 ± 7.48 vs. -78.14 ± 7.81 HU, p < 0.001). A similar result was found upon comparing psoriasis patients without biological or statin therapy with non-psoriasis individuals without statin treatments. Furthermore, the psoriasis group had a higher prevalence of non-calcified plaques (30.3% in the psoriasis group vs. 20.1% in the control subjects, p = 0.001). No difference in perivascular FAI on either calcified and mixed plaques or non-calcified plaques between the two groups was found. CONCLUSION: Patients with psoriasis have a higher atherosclerotic burden as quantified by CT-LeSc and less coronary inflammation as detected by perivascular FAI around the most proximal of the three major epicardial vessels. The usefulness of perivascular FAI for evaluating coronary inflammation in patients with chronic low-grade inflammatory disease such as psoriasis should be verified.

18.
Front Neurol ; 12: 619233, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34335434

RESUMO

Background and Purpose: Intracranial arterial calcification (IAC) has been the focus of much attention by clinicians and researchers as an indicator of intracranial atherosclerosis, but correlations of IAC patterns (intimal or medial) with the presence of atherosclerotic plaques and plaque stability are still a matter of debate. Our study aimed to assess the associations of IAC patterns identified on computed tomography (CT) with the presence of plaque detected on vessel wall magnetic resonance imaging and plaque stability. Materials and Methods: Patients with stroke or transient ischemic attack and intracranial artery stenosis were recruited. IAC was detected and localized (intima or media) on non-contrast CT images. Intracranial atherosclerotic plaques were identified using vessel wall magnetic resonance imaging and matched to corresponding CT images. Associations between IAC patterns and culprit atherosclerotic plaques were assessed by using multivariate regression. Results: Seventy-five patients (mean age, 63.4 ± 11.6 years; males, 46) were included. Two hundred and twenty-one segments with IAC were identified on CT in 66 patients, including 86 (38.9%) predominantly intimal calcifications and 135 (61.1%) predominantly medial calcifications. A total of 72.0% of intimal calcifications coexisted with atherosclerotic plaques, whereas only 10.2% of medial calcifications coexisted with plaques. Intimal calcification was more commonly shown in non-culprit plaques than culprit plaques (25.9 vs. 9.4%, P = 0.008). The multivariate mixed logistic regression adjusted for the degree of stenosis showed that intimal calcification was significantly associated with non-culprit plaques (OR, 2.971; 95% CI, 1.036-8.517; P = 0.043). Conclusion: Our findings suggest that intimal calcification may indicate the existence of a stable form of atherosclerotic plaque, but plaques can exist in the absence of intimal calcification especially in the middle cerebral artery.

19.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 705617, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34413777

RESUMO

Oroxylin A (OA) has been shown to simultaneously increase coronary flow and provide a strong anti-inflammatory effect. In this study, we described the angiogenic properties of OA. OA treatment accelerated perfusion recovery, reduced tissue injury, and promoted angiogenesis after hindlimb ischemia (HLI). In addition, OA regulated the secretion of multiple cytokines, including vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA), angiopoietin-2 (ANG-2), fibroblast growth factor-basic (FGF-2), and platelet derived growth factor BB (PDGF-BB). Specifically, those multiple cytokines were involved in cell migration, cell population proliferation, and angiogenesis. These effects were observed at 3, 7, and 14 days after HLI. In skeletal muscle cells, OA promoted the release of VEGFA and ANG-2. After OA treatment, the conditioned medium derived from skeletal muscle cells was found to significantly induce endothelial cell (EC) proliferation. OA also induced EC migration by activating the Ras homolog gene family member A (RhoA)/Rho-associated coiled-coil kinase 2 (ROCK-II) signaling pathway and the T-box20 (TBX20)/prokineticin 2 (PROK2) signaling pathway. In addition, OA was able to downregulate the number of macrophages and neutrophils, along with the secretion of interleukin-1ß, at 3 days after HLI. These results expanded current knowledge about the beneficial effects of OA in angiogenesis and blood flow recovery. This research could open new directions for the development of novel therapeutic intervention for patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD).

20.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(34): 41220-41230, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34410101

RESUMO

Rewritable paper has greatly promoted the sustainable development of society. However, the hydrophilicity/lipophilicity of the poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) film limits its application as the rewritable paper. Herein, we constructed a repeatable writing/erasing pattern on a PEDOT film (rewritable PEDOT paper) by combining wettability control, water-induced dedoping, and an electrochemical redox reaction. The treatment with a medium-polarity/high-volatility solvent (MP/HVS) adjusted the wettability of the PEDOT film (water contact angle increased from 6.5° to 146.2°), contributing to the formation of a hydrophobic writable substrate. The treatment with a high-polarity solvent (HPS) induced the dedoping of anions in the PEDOT chain, resulting in the film's color changed from blue to purple and serving as a writing process. The intrinsic electrochemical redox (elimination of color change by doping/dedoping of lithium ions in the PEDOT chain) of the PEDOT film enabled the erasing process. This writing/erasing process can be repeated at least 10 times. The patterned PEDOT film maintained excellent stability to standing diverse solvents (low-polarity solvent (LPS) and MP/HVS), high temperatures (350 °C), and irradiation of different light wavelengths (wavelengths of 365, 380, 460, 520, and 645 nm). Additionally, the conductivity of the PEDOT film was quantitatively measured (impedance: LPS, increased 8.84%; MP/HVS, decreased 6.67%; and HPS, increased 27.97%) by fabricating a micropatterned PEDOT electrode. This work will provide a method for the fabrication of PEDOT-based optoelectronic functional materials.

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