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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e245862, 2023. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | MEDLINE, LILACSEXPRESS | ID: biblio-1339337

RESUMO

Abstract Except for a few stick insects that are economically valuable, most species be considered to be forest pests, so it is extremely important to obtain plant host-use information of more stick insects. In this paper, the plant hosts of three species of stick insects were recorded for the first time. We also discovered these stick insects can feed upon the flowers or leaves of plants. Lopaphus unidentatus (Chen & He, 1995) (Phasmida: Lonchodidae) attacked Hypericum choisianum Wall. ex N. Robson, 1973 (Hypericaceae), Leurophasma dolichocercum Bi, 1995 (Phasmida: Aschiphasmatidae) attacked Antenoron filiforme (Thunb.) Roberty & Vautier, 1964 (Polygonaceae) and Megalophasma granulatum Bi, 1995 (Phasmida: Lonchodidae) attacked Debregeasia orientalis C. J. Chen, 1991 (Urticaceae). Finally, we were lucky enough to also obtain photographs of them mating and feeding.


Resumo Exceto por alguns insetos-pau que são economicamente valiosos, a maioria das espécies pode ser considerada praga florestal, por isso é extremamente importante obter informações sobre o uso de hospedeiros de plantas de mais insetos-pau. Neste artigo, as plantas hospedeiras de três espécies de bicho-pau foram registradas pela primeira vez. Também descobrimos que esses bichos-pau podem se alimentar de flores ou folhas de plantas. Lopaphus unidentatus (Chen & He, 1995) (Phasmida: Lonchodidae) atacou a parede de Hypericum choisianum. ex N. Robson, 1973 (Hypericaceae), Leurophasma dolichocercum Bi, 1995 (Phasmida: Aschiphasmatidae) atacou Antenoron filiforme (Thunb.) Roberty & Vautier, 1964 (Polygonaceae) e Megalophasma granulatum Bi, 1995 (Phasmida: Lonchodidae orientaled) atacou Chen, 1991 (Urticaceae). Finalmente, tivemos a sorte de também obter fotos deles se acasalando e se alimentando.

3.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(9): 1123-1128, 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34619931

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the role of autophagy mediated by mTOR signaling pathway in the inhibition of osteogenic differentiation of human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs) induced by cadmium. Methods: HBMSCs were divided into 0, 2.5 or 5.0 µmol/L groups according to the exposure dose of cadmium chloride (CdCl2), and each group was treated for 1 day, 4 days and (or) 7 days. The ALP activity and mRNA and protein expression levels of osteogenesis markers (ALP, RUNX2 and OSTERIX), autophagy-related proteins (LC3 and Beclin-1) and mTOR signaling pathway related proteins (mTOR, p-mTOR and p-p70S6K) expression, alkaline phosphatase staining and alizarin red staining were detected. MHY 1485 was selected as the signaling pathway activator. The control group, CdCl2 group (5.0 µmol/L), MHY 1485 group and CdCl2+MHY 1485 combined treatment group were set. After 7 days of treatment, the expression levels of autophagy related proteins and mTOR signaling pathway related proteins of hBMSCs in each group were detected. Results: There was no significant difference in ALP activity between 0, 2.5 and 5.0 µmol/L groups on day 1 and 4 (P>0.05); On day 7, compared with the 0 µmol/L group, the ALP activity, expression of osteogenic markers (ALP, RUNX2, OSTERIX) and mTOR signaling pathway related proteins (mTOR, p-mTOR, p-p70S6K) expression decreased in the 2.5 and 5.0 µmol/L group (P<0.05). Compared with the 0 µmol/L group, the staining of the 2.5 and 5.0 µmol/L groups became lighter, and the formation of ALP and mineralized nodules was reduced. Compared with the CdCl2 group, the autophagy related protein expression in the CdCl2+MHY 1485 combined treatment group decreased, and the mTOR signaling pathway related protein expression increased. The difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusion: The inhibition of osteogenic differentiation of hBMSCs by cadmium may be related to autophagy mediated by mTOR signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Osteogênese , Autofagia , Cádmio , Diferenciação Celular , Humanos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Osteoblastos/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo
4.
Opt Express ; 29(19): 30223-30236, 2021 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34614749

RESUMO

High-quality ultrashort electron beams have diverse applications in a variety of areas, such as 4D electron diffraction and microscopy, relativistic electron mirrors and ultrashort radiation sources. Direct laser acceleration (DLA) mechanism can produce electron beams with a large amount of charge (several to hundreds of nC), but the generated electron beams usually have large divergence and wide energy spread. Here, we propose a novel DLA scheme to generate high-quality ultrashort electron beams by irradiating a radially polarized laser pulse on a nanofiber. Since electrons are continuously squeezed transversely by the inward radial electric field force, the divergence angle gradually decreases as electrons transport stably with the laser pulse. The well-collimated electron bunches are effectively accelerated by the circularly-symmetric longitudinal electric field and the relative energy spread also gradually decreases. It is demonstrated by three-dimensional (3D) simulations that collimated monoenergetic electron bunches with 0.75° center divergence angle and 14% energy spread can be generated. An analytical model of electron acceleration is presented which interprets well by the 3D simulation results.

5.
Nature ; 598(7879): 188-194, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34616074

RESUMO

The cortico-basal ganglia-thalamo-cortical loop is one of the fundamental network motifs in the brain. Revealing its structural and functional organization is critical to understanding cognition, sensorimotor behaviour, and the natural history of many neurological and neuropsychiatric disorders. Classically, this network is conceptualized to contain three information channels: motor, limbic and associative1-4. Yet this three-channel view cannot explain the myriad functions of the basal ganglia. We previously subdivided the dorsal striatum into 29 functional domains on the basis of the topography of inputs from the entire cortex5. Here we map the multi-synaptic output pathways of these striatal domains through the globus pallidus external part (GPe), substantia nigra reticular part (SNr), thalamic nuclei and cortex. Accordingly, we identify 14 SNr and 36 GPe domains and a direct cortico-SNr projection. The striatonigral direct pathway displays a greater convergence of striatal inputs than the more parallel striatopallidal indirect pathway, although direct and indirect pathways originating from the same striatal domain ultimately converge onto the same postsynaptic SNr neurons. Following the SNr outputs, we delineate six domains in the parafascicular and ventromedial thalamic nuclei. Subsequently, we identify six parallel cortico-basal ganglia-thalamic subnetworks that sequentially transduce specific subsets of cortical information through every elemental node of the cortico-basal ganglia-thalamic loop. Thalamic domains relay this output back to the originating corticostriatal neurons of each subnetwork in a bona fide closed loop.

6.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 24(3): 230-239, 2021 Mar 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34645167

RESUMO

Objective: Peritoneal carcinomatosis refers to a group of heterogeneous (primary or secondary) malignancies in the surface of the peritoneum. Cytoreductive surgery (CRS) plus hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) is a comprehensive treatment strategy aiming at peritoneal carcinomatosis. This study analyzed the efficacy and safety of CRS+HIPEC in patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis, and explored prognostic factors. Methods: In this descriptive case-series study, the clinicopathological data of 1384 consecutive patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis treated in Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University (330 patients) and Shijitan Hospital of Capital Medical University (1054 patients) from January 2004 to January 2020 were collected retrospectively. Treatment patterns of CRS+HIPEC characteristics (operative time, number of resected organs, number of stripped peritoneum, number of anastomosis, and HIPEC regimens), safety [blood loss volume, postoperative severe adverse event (SAE) and treatment outcome], survival time and prognostic factors influencing survival were analyzed. The SAE was defined as grade III-IV adverse event according to the Peritoneal Surface Oncology Group International Textbook. Perioperative period was defined from the day of CRS+HIPEC to postoperative 30th day. OS was calculated from the day of CRS+HIPEC to the date of death or the last follow-up. Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis, and log-rank test was used for comparison between groups. Cox regression model was used to identify the prognostic factors. Results: Among 1384 peritoneal carcinomatosis patients, 529 (38.2%) were male; median age was 55 (10-87) years old; median body mass index (BMI) was 22.6 kg/m(2); peritoneal carcinomatosis of 164 (11.8%) patients were from gastric cancer, 287 (20.7%) from colorectal cancer, 356 (25.7%) from pseudomyxoma peritonei, 90 (6.5%) from malignant peritoneal mesothelioma, 300 (21.7%) from gynecological cancer or primary peritoneal carcinoma, and 187 (13.5%) from retroperitoneal sarcoma, lung cancer, breast cancer, and other rare tumors. The median duration of CRS+HIPEC was 595 (90-1170) minutes, median number of resected organs was 2 (0-10), median number of resected peritoneal area were 4 (0-9), median peritoneal cancer index (PCI) was 21(1-39). Completeness of cytoreduction (CC) score of 0-1 was observed in 857 cases (61.9%). Regarding HIPEC regimens, there were 917 cases (66.3%) with cisplatin plus docetaxel, 183 cases (13.2%) with cisplatin plus mitomycin, 43 cases (3.1%) with adriamycin plus ifosfamide, and the other 240 cases (17.3%) with modified regimens. Perioperative SAE developed in 331 peritoneal carcinomatosis patients (23.9%) with 500 cases, of whom 21 patients (1.5%) died during the perioperative period due to ineffective treatment, while the others recovered after active treatment. During median follow-up time of 8.6 (0.3-82.7) months, there were 414 deaths (29.9%). The median OS was 38.2 months (95% CI: 30.6-45.8), and the 1-, 3-, 5-year survival rate was 73.5%, 50.4% and 39.3%, respectively. The median OS of peritoneal carcinomatosis patients from gastric cancer, colorectal cancer, pseudomyxoma peritonei, malignant peritoneal mesothelioma and female genital cancer or primary peritoneal carcinomatosis was 11.3 months (95% CI: 8.9-13.8), 18.1 months (95% CI: 13.5-22.6), 59.7 months (95% CI: 48.0-71.4), 19.5 months (95% CI: 6.0-33.0) and 51.7 months (95% CI: 14.6-88.8), respectively, and the difference among groups was statistically significant (P<0.001). Univariate and multivariate analyses revealed that the primary gastric cancer (HR=4.639, 95% CI: 1.692-12.724), primary colorectal cancer (HR=4.292, 95% CI: 1.957-9.420), primary malignant peritoneal mesothelioma (HR=2.741, 95% CI: 1.162-6.466), Karnofsky performance status (KPS) score of 60 (HR=4.606, 95% CI: 2.144-9.895), KPS score of 70 (HR=3.434, 95% CI: 1.977-5.965), CC score of 1 (HR=2.683, 95% CI: 1.440~4.999), CC score of 2-3 (HR=3.661,95% CI: 1.956-6.852) and perioperative SAE (HR=2.588, 95% CI: 1.846-3.629) were independent prognostic factors influencing survival with statistically significant differences (all P<0.05). Conclusions: CRS+HIPEC is an effective integrated treatment strategy for patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis, which can prolong survival with acceptable safety. Preoperative evaluation of patients' general condition is necessary and CRS+HIPEC should be carefully considered to perform for patients with preoperative KPS score <80. During the operation, the optimal CRS should be achieved on condition that safety is granted. In addition, it is necessary to prevent perioperative SAE to reduce the risk of death in peritoneal carcinomatosis patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Hipertermia Induzida , Neoplasias Peritoneais , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Criança , Terapia Combinada , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos de Citorredução , Feminino , Humanos , Quimioterapia Intraperitoneal Hipertérmica , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Peritoneais/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
7.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(2): 212-218, 2021 Feb 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34645182

RESUMO

Objective: To construct of a terahertz metamaterial sensing method for detection of microRNA-21 (miRNA-21) based on duplex-specific nuclease triggered rolling circle amplification. Methods: First, a THz metamaterial sensing method was constructed, and verified by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and zeta potential; after optimizing the detection conditions of the sensor, different concentrations of miRNA-21 and other different miRNAs were detected. And this biosensor was compared with other miRNA detection methods; finally, the recovery rate of the biosensor was evaluated. Results: Under the optimal experimental conditions, through the dual signal amplification strategy of duplex-specific nuclease (DSN) cycle recognition and rolling circle amplification (RCA), the THz metamaterial sensor has a response range of 10 fmol/L to 10 nmol/L to the target miRNA-21, with a detection limit of 8.49 fmol/L. And the biosensor has good specificity with the ability to recognize the target miRNA-21 from a variety of microRNAs. And the experiment with recovery rate from 94.33% to 115.33% has been further verified in commercial human serum samples. Conclusion: The terahertz biosensor can achieve highly sensitive and specific detection of the target miRNA-21, which proves the potential for label-free diagnosis and early warning of miRNA-related diseases.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , MicroRNAs , Humanos , Limite de Detecção , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico
8.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 59(9): 767-771, 2021 Sep 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34645217

RESUMO

Objective: To summarize the genotypes and clinical features of neonatal-onset genetic epilepsy. Methods: Patients (114 cases) with identified gene variants were collected from May 2013 to May 2019 in Peking University First Hospital, retrospectively. The genotype, clinical, electroencephalographic and neuroimaging characteristics were analyzed. Results: A total of 141 neonatal-onset epilepsy patients with identified gene variants were enrolled, including 76 males and 65 females and involving 33 epilepsy genes. Top five genes were KCNQ2 (56 cases), SCN2A (25 cases), STXBP1 (9 cases), CDKL5 (8 cases) and KCNT1 (6 cases), accounting for 73.8% (104/141). The age of seizure onset was 3(1-28) days of age, 71.6% (101/141) were within 1 week of age. The age of genetic diagnosis was 4 months (1 month to 13 years) of age. A total of 130 patients presented focal seizures; 47 patients presented epileptic spasms. Other seizure types included generalized tonic-clonic seizures, clonic seizures, myoclonic seizures, tonic seizures and absence seizures. Fifty-eight patients experienced multiple seizure types. The results of video-electroencephlogram (VEEG) were abnormal in 127 patients and in 62 patients clinical seizures were captured. Global developmental delay was presented in 122 patients. Epilepsy syndromes were diagnosed in 59 patients. Thirteen patients were diagnosed as Ohtahara syndrome (OS), 9 as epilepsy of infancy with migrating focal seizures (EIMFS), 17 as West syndrome (WS), 4 as OS developed to WS, 9 as benign neonatal epilepsy (BNE), 2 as benign familiar neonatal-infantile epilepsy (BFNIE), 2 as benign infantile epilepsy (BIE) and 3 as benign familial infantile epilepsy (BFIE). Sixty-seven patients were diagnosed as unclassified early infantile epileptic encephalopathy (EIEE), 13 patients could not be diagnosed as any epilepsy syndrome, and 2 patients were diagnosed as pyridoxine-dependent epilepsy. Forty-six patients had abnormal neuroimaging including cortical atrophy, corpus callosum dysplasia and cerebellar atrophy, involving 19 genes. Conclusions: Neonatal-onset epilepsy is related to many different genes. Seizure onset age of most patients is within one week after birth. Focal seizures and epileptic spasms are more common. Some patients show abnormal neuroimaging.


Assuntos
Epilepsia , Espasmos Infantis , Idoso , Eletroencefalografia , Epilepsia/genética , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso , Canais de Potássio Ativados por Sódio , Estudos Retrospectivos , Convulsões , Espasmos Infantis/genética
13.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 41(8): 1177-1182, 2021 Aug 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34549708

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of Bax inhibitor-1(BI-1)on calcification of vascular smooth muscle cells(VSMCs). METHODS: VSMCs were isolated from the thoracic aorta of SD rats.VSMCs or BI-1-overexpressing VSMCs(transfected with a BI-1-overexpressing plasmid) were cultured in normal medium or calcified medium containing ß-glycerophosphate and calcium chloride, and the cell calcification was examined with Alizarin red staining.Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to determine the intracellular calcium content and alkaline phosphatase activity.The expression levels of Runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2), bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2) and caspase-3 were detected with Western blotting. RESULTS: After 14 days of culture in the calcified medium, the VSMCs showed significantly reduced expression of BI-1 protein(P=0.001).BI-1 overexpression in the VSMCs caused a significant reduction of calcium level and alkaline phosphatase activities(P=0.0006) and lowered the expression levels of RUNX2 and BMP-2 (P=0.0001) in the cells.The VSMCs with induced calcification exhibited a significantly increased apoptosis rate, but BI-1 overexpression obviously inhibited VSMC apoptosis in the calcified medium (P=0.0003). CONCLUSION: BI-1 may attenuate vascular calcification by inhibiting calcium deposition, osteogenic differentiation and apoptosis.


Assuntos
Músculo Liso Vascular , Calcificação Vascular , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Miócitos de Músculo Liso , Osteogênese , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2
14.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 41(8): 1277-1282, 2021 Aug 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34549722

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To prepare the human bone morphogenetic protein-2(hBMP-2)/human insulin-like growth factor-1(hIGF-1)coating titanium(Ti)and assess its performance as a dental implant material. METHODS: hBMP-2 and hIGF-1 were coated to the smooth surface of a Ti plate, and its efficacy for promoting bone formation and bone integration was compared with a pristine Ti plate.The surface characteristics of the metal samples were evaluated using scanning electron microscope (SEM) and by contact angle measurement.MG63 cells were seeded on the surface of the Ti plates, and MTT assay and alizarin red staining was used to examine the cell proliferation and formation of calcified nodules, respectively.Alkaline phosphatase (ALP)secretion of the cells was examined with ELISA, and cellular expressions of osteocalcin and osteopontin were detected with Western blotting for assessing osteogenesis. RESULTS: SEM examination showed that the surface of Ti with hBMP-2 and hIGF-1 coating presented with a radial pattern resembling snowflakes.The contact angles of non-coated Ti, hBMP-2-coated Ti, hIGF-1-coated, and hBMP-2/-hIGF-1-coated Ti samples were 83.2°, 54°, 56° and 54°, respectively.Compared with the non-coated Ti plate, the surface-modified Ti samples showed a significantly smaller contact angle (P=0.032, 0.029, and 0.028), indicating a good hydrophilicity of the samples.MTT assay showed that MG63 cells grew well on the surface of the coated Ti plates.The hBMP-2/IGF-1 coating significantly induced cellular secretion of ALP(P=0.021, 0.014)and obviously promoted osteogenesis of MG63 cells (P < 0.05).Western blotting results showed that hBMP-2/IGF-1 coating significantly enhanced the expressions of osteocalcin and osteopontin in the seeded cells (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: hBMP-2 and hIGF-1 coating of Ti material can promote osteogenesis of the cells seeded on its surface to improve the performance of such Ti material as dental implants.


Assuntos
Osteogênese , Titânio , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis , Humanos , Osteoblastos , Osteocalcina , Próteses e Implantes , Propriedades de Superfície
15.
Physiol Res ; 2021 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34505522

RESUMO

Cancer is a complex, multifactorial disease that modern medicine ultimately aims to overcome. DOK2 is a well-known tumor suppressor gene, and a member of the downstream protein DOK family of tyrosine kinases. Through a search of original literature indexed in PubMed and other databases, the present review aims to extricate the mechanisms by which DOK2 acts on cancer, thereby identifying more reliable and effective therapeutic targets to promote enhanced methods of cancer prevention and treatment. The review focuses on the role of DOK2 in multiple tumor types in the lungs, intestines, liver, and breast. Additionally, we discuss the potential mechanisms of action of DOK2 and the downstream consequences via the Ras/MPAK/ERK or PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathways.

16.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 33(4): 353-358, 2021 Aug 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34505441

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To detect the expression of transforming growth factor-ß1 (TGF-ß1), p38MAPK and bone morphogenetic protein-7 (BMP-7) protein in the liver specimens of patients with hepatic alveolar echinococcosis, and to investigate the potential role of TGF-ß1, p38MAPK and BMP-7 protein in hepatic fibrosis caused by hepatic alveolar echinococcosis. METHODS: A total of 20 patients with hepatic alveolar echinococcosis were enrolled as study subjects, and hepatic specimens were sampled from the sites within 0.5 cm (Group A) and 0.5 to 1.5 cm from hepatic alveolar echinococcosis lesions (Group B), while normal liver specimens sampled from the sites 2 cm and greater from hepatic alveolar echinococcosis lesions served as controls (Group C). The fibrosis of liver specimens was pathological examined using HE and Masson staining, and the expression of TGF-ß1, p38MAPK and BMP-7 protein was quantified in liver tissues using Western blotting. The associations of TGF-ß1, p38MAPK and BMP-7 protein expression with hepatic fibrosis were assessed. RESULTS: HE staining showed the malaligned structure of hepatocytes and destruction of the structure of hepatic lobules at various degrees in liver specimens in groups A and B, with hepatocyte degeneration, atrophy and necrosis, hyperplasia of fibrous tissues and eosinophilic granulocyte infiltration seen, while no abnormal pathological alterations of liver tissues, normal hepatocyte structure and morphology and uniform size, no malaligned structure of hepatocytes, clear structure of hepatic lobules, no or mild hepatocyte degeneration or necrosis, and no eosinophilic granulocyte infiltration were seen in Group C. Masson staining showed that there was hyperplasia of multiple fibrous connective tissues in the liver portal areas in groups A and B, with fibrosis seen in hepatic lobules, while no obvious pathological changes were seen in Group C. There were significant differences seen in TGF-ß1 (P < 0.001), p38MAPK (P < 0.01) and BMP-7 protein (P < 0.05) expression in liver tissues in groups A, B and C, and higher TGF-ß1, p38MAPK and BMP-7 protein expression was quantified in groups A and B than in Group C (all P values < 0.05), while greater TGF-ß1, p38MAPK and BMP-7 protein expression was detected in Group B than in Group C (all P values < 0.05). The expression of TGF-ß1, p38MAPK and BMP-7 protein correlated positively with the severity of hepatic fibrosis (r = 0.866, 0.702 and 0.801, all P values < 0.05), and there were significant differences in TGF-ß1 (F = 72.580, P < 0.01), p38MAPK (χ2 = 31.705, P < 0.01) and BMP-7 protein expression (χ2 = 48.388, P < 0.01) among liver tissues with different degrees of fibrosis. The TGF-ß1 protein expression correlated positively with p38MAPK and BMP-7 protein expression (r = 0.607 and 0.702, both P values < 0.001), and the BMP-7 protein expression also correlated positively with p38MAPK protein expression (r = 0.456, P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The interaction among TGF-ß1, p38MAPK and BMP-7 jointly participates in the development of hepatic fibrosis induced hepatic alveolar echinococcosis.


Assuntos
Equinococose Hepática , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1 , Proteína Morfogenética Óssea 7/genética , Equinococose Hepática/patologia , Humanos , Fígado/patologia , Cirrose Hepática/patologia , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno
17.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(34): 2728-2730, 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34510881

RESUMO

The data of 56 patients with mitral valve prolapse undergoing thoracoscopy-assisted mitral valvuloplasty in the Department of Cardiac Surgery, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University from May 2019 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 31 cases were male and 25 cases were female, with a mean age of (45±14) years. There was no death during perioperative period. No patient was converted to median sternotomy. The duration of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), aortic cross-clamp and operation was (207±58) min, (134±59) min, and (374±90) min, respectively. The intraoperative blood loss was (690±268) ml, and 5 (8.9%) patients required blood transfusion. Postoperative mechanical ventilation duration was (19±9) h, and 24-hour pleural fluid drainage volume was (460±247) ml. The length of intensive care unit (ICU) and hospital stay was (25±6) h and (13±4) d, respectively. Therefore, thoracoscopy-assisted mitral valvuloplasty has the advantages of reliable curative effect, less trauma, less complications, fast recovery and satisfactory perioperative outcomes.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Prolapso da Valva Mitral , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Toracoscopia , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34475196

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The prevalence of intracranial artery stenosis is high in Asian people. This study aimed to investigate whether there are differences in the imaging features of symptomatic MCA stenosis in patients of different ages using vessel wall MR imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the data of consecutive patients with unilateral MCA stenosis based on a prospectively established vessel wall MR imaging data base between January 2017 and December 2018. According to age, the patients were divided into the young group (18-45 years of age) and the middle-aged and elderly group (older than 45 years of age). RESULTS: Overall, 131 patients with unilateral MCA stenosis were included (45.8% in the young group and 54.2% in the middle-aged and elderly group). Middle-aged and elderly patients had a higher prevalence of hypertension (P = .01) and diabetes (P = .05). The lesion length (P < .0001), proportion of circular involvement (P = .006), and proportion of circular enhancement (P = .03) were higher in the young group than in the middle-aged and elderly group. The analysis of the atherosclerotic subgroup showed that compared with middle-aged and elderly patients, young patients had longer lesions (P = .002). The atherosclerotic-versus-nonatherosclerotic subgroup analysis showed that the maximal wall thickness in the patients with atherosclerosis was larger than that of patients without it (P = .002). CONCLUSIONS: Compared with the middle-aged and elderly group, young patients with MCA stenosis tended to have longer lesions and more circular wall involvement and circular enhancement, which may indicate the differences in underlying vascular pathophysiologic and developmental mechanisms in symptomatic MCA stenosis.

19.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 682568, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34512325

RESUMO

Background: Pyrotinib is a novel irreversible pan-ErbB receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor. Evidence of the efficacy of pyrotinib-based treatments for HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer (MBC) in patients exposed to lapatinib is limited. Methods: Ninety-four patients who received pyrotinib as a third- or higher-line treatment for HER2-positive MBC were included in this retrospective study. The primary and secondary endpoints were overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS). Propensity score matching (PSM) and inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW) analysis were implemented to balance important patient characteristics between groups. Results: Thirty (31.9%) patients were pretreated with lapatinib and subsequently received pyrotinib as an anti-HER2 treatment, and 64 (68.1%) patients did not receive this treatment. The OS and PFS indicated a beneficial trend in lapatinib-naive group compared to lapatinib-treated group in either the original cohort (PFS: 9.02 vs 6.36 months, p = 0.05; OS: 20.73 vs 14.35 months, p = 0.08) or the PSM (PFS: 9.02 vs 6.08 months, p = 0.07; OS: 19.07 vs 18.00 months, p = 0.61) or IPTW (PFS: 9.90 vs 6.17 months, p = 0.05; OS: 19.53 vs 15.10 months, p = 0.08) cohorts. Subgroup analyses demonstrated lapatinib treatment-related differences in PFS in the premenopausal subgroup and the no prior trastuzumab treatment subgroup, but no significant differences were observed in OS. Conclusion: Pyrotinib-based therapy demonstrated promising effects in HER2-positive MBC patients in a real-world study, especially in lapatinib-naive patients, and also some activity in lapatinib-treated patients.

20.
Braz J Biol ; 83: e245862, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34495148

RESUMO

Except for a few stick insects that are economically valuable, most species be considered to be forest pests, so it is extremely important to obtain plant host-use information of more stick insects. In this paper, the plant hosts of three species of stick insects were recorded for the first time. We also discovered these stick insects can feed upon the flowers or leaves of plants. Lopaphus unidentatus (Chen & He, 1995) (Phasmida: Lonchodidae) attacked Hypericum choisianum Wall. ex N. Robson, 1973 (Hypericaceae), Leurophasma dolichocercum Bi, 1995 (Phasmida: Aschiphasmatidae) attacked Antenoron filiforme (Thunb.) Roberty & Vautier, 1964 (Polygonaceae) and Megalophasma granulatum Bi, 1995 (Phasmida: Lonchodidae) attacked Debregeasia orientalis C. J. Chen, 1991 (Urticaceae). Finally, we were lucky enough to also obtain photographs of them mating and feeding.


Assuntos
Insetos , Plantas , Animais , Flores , Folhas de Planta , Tibet
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