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1.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 50(4): 471-477, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31642221

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determinethe diagnostic valuesand reliabilityof cardiac magnetic resonance tissue tracking (CMR-TT) derived two-dimensional(2D) and three-dimensional(3D) strains in assessing experimental autoimmunity myocarditis (EAM) in rats. METHODS: 20 Lewis rats were randomly divided into model and control groups. The animal model of autoimmune myocarditis was induced by injecting porcine cardiac myosin into the footpads of the rats.On day 35, all of the rats were examined using the 7.0T CMR cine scan. The cardiac function and global strain of the left ventricular of the rats were analyzed with specific cardiac post-processing. The rats were then sacrificed and myocardial samples were taken and stained with HE and Masson. The diagnostic values of the strain parameters were assessed by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves with the pathological results as diagnostic criteria.The reliability of the strain parameters were tested using interclass correlation coefficient (ICC), coefficients of variation (CV) and Bland-Altman. RESULTS: No abnormal pathological changes in myocardial cells were found in the control group. Myocarditis was successfully induced in all of the rats in the model group, showing myocardial fiber arrangement disorder, degeneration, necrosis, inflammatory cell infiltration and interstitial fibrosis. The ROC showed that 2D global strain parameters possessed higher diagnostic values than 3D strain parameters. The 2D had an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.96 in global circumferential strain (GCS), 0.95 in global radial strain (GRS), and 0.90 in global longitudinal strain (GLS), compared with 0.87 GCS, 0.85 GRS, and 0.77 GLS in the 3D, respectively.The reliability of the 2D strain parameters was high, except for inter-observer 2D GRS(ICC=0.893). The 3D strain parameters had lower reliability (ICCs:0.421-0.79) than the 2D strain parameters (ICCs:0.893-0.986). CONCLUSION: The diagnostic values of 2D strain parameters are higher than 3D strain parameters in diagnosing myocarditis.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética , Miocardite/diagnóstico por imagem , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Ratos Endogâmicos Lew , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Suínos , Função Ventricular Esquerda
2.
J Biomater Sci Polym Ed ; 29(6): 663-682, 2018 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29375018

RESUMO

Abdominal wall defects are a common medical problem, and inadequate repair methods can lead to serious complications. Abdominal wall reconstruction using autologous tissue, or non-biological, biological, or composite patches is often performed to repair defective areas. In particular, composite patches containing both polymeric and biological materials have gained increasing attention due to their good mechanical properties and biocompatibility. However, it is still unclear whether the quality of repairs using composite patches is superior to that of a biological patch. Based on the limitations of previous studies, we compared small intestinal submucosa (SIS) patches with SIS + polypropylene mesh (PPM) patches for repairing abdominal wall defects in adult beagle dogs. Forty-five female dogs were subjected to surgical resection to produce abdominal wall defects. SIS or SIS + PPM was used as patch for the defects. Morphology, biomechanics, and histological evaluations were performed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of such therapies. Our findings demonstrated that SIS had advantages over SIS + PPM considering biological activity and histocompatibility without increasing the risk of repair failure.


Assuntos
Parede Abdominal/cirurgia , Intestino Delgado/citologia , Polipropilenos/farmacologia , Telas Cirúrgicas , Adesividade , Animais , Materiais Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Cães , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Resistência à Tração
3.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 125(9): 1576-80, 2012 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22800824

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: While the incidence of paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) is relatively high in Northern China, the exact mechanism of the disease remains unknown. Immunoregulatory cytokine polymorphisms can directly regulate the expression levels of cytokines, which play a crucial role in many diseases. The purpose of this study was to study cytokine gene single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and the correlated cytokine expression levels in relationship to the PNH pathogenesis. METHODS: Peripheral blood samples were collected from 30 PNH patients and 40 healthy donors; all of the samples were collected from the Han people of Northern China. Eight SNP loci in five cytokine genes, including tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interferon-gamma (IFN-γ), transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-ß), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and IL-10, and aplastic anemia (AA) were assessed. TNF-a, TGF-b, IFN-g, IL-6, and IL-10 were analyzed by sequence-specific primer polymerase chain reaction (PCR-SSP). The plasma protein levels of TNF-a, TGF-b, and IFN-g were assessed by an ELISA. RESULTS: The PNH patients had a lower frequency of the TC/GG genotype of the TGF-b gene (P < 0.01) and a higher frequency of the C allele in the TGF-b gene (+10) compared to the controls (P < 0.05). The predominant genotype of the +874 locus of the IFN-g gene was TA in the PNH patients, while that in the predominant genotype was AA in the control group and was statistically significant (P < 0.001). The frequency of the T allele in the IFN-g gene was dramatically higher in the PNH patients than in the controls (P < 0.05). The PNH patients had a reduced frequency of the GC and CC genotypes, as well as the C allele at locus -174 of the IL-6 gene compared to the controls (P < 0.01). In addition, the plasma concentrations of TNF-a, TGF-b, and IFN-g were significantly higher in the PNH group compared to the control group (P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Expression levels of the TNF-a, TGF-b, and IFN-g cytokines play an important role in PNH. The GC and CC genotypes, as well as the C allele of the IL-6 gene may protect the Han people of Northern China against PNH. Additionally, the TC/GG genotype of the TGF-b gene may be the protective allele. In contrast, the TA genotype and the T allele for the IFN-g gene, as well as the C allele of TGF-b may be susceptible to PNH. However, SNPs in the TNF-a and IL-10 genes did not correlate with PNH development. Alternatively, the increased plasma concentrations of TNF-a, TGF-b, and IFN-g in PNH patients may also be related to PNH development.


Assuntos
Citocinas/sangue , Citocinas/genética , Hemoglobinúria Paroxística/sangue , Hemoglobinúria Paroxística/genética , Polimorfismo Genético/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Alelos , Anemia Aplástica/genética , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , China , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Interferon gama/sangue , Interferon gama/genética , Interleucina-10/sangue , Interleucina-10/genética , Interleucina-6/sangue , Interleucina-6/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Adulto Jovem
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