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1.
Int J Biol Sci ; 18(2): 717-730, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35002520

RESUMO

Apoptin is a small molecular weight protein encoded by the VP3 gene of chicken anemia virus (CAV). It can induce apoptosis of tumor cells and play anti-tumorigenic functions. In this study, we identified a time-dependent inhibitory role of apoptin on the viability of HCT116 cells. We also demonstrated that apoptin induces pyroptosis through cleaved caspase 3, and with a concomitant cleavage of gasdermin E (GSDME) rather than GSDMD. GSDME knockdown switched the apoptin-induced cell death from pyroptosis to apoptosis in vitro. Furthermore, we demonstrated that the effect of apoptin on GSDME-dependent pyroptosis could be mitigated by caspase-3 and caspase-9 siRNA knockdown. Additionally, apoptin enhanced the intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS), causing aggregation of the mitochondrial membrane protein Tom20. Moreover, bax and cytochrome c were released to the activating caspase-9, eventually triggering pyroptosis. Therefore, GSDME mediates the apoptin-induced pyroptosis through the mitochondrial apoptotic pathway. Finally, using nude mice xenografted with HCT116 cells, we found that apoptin induces pyroptosis and significantly inhibits tumor growth. Based on this mechanism, apoptin may provide a new strategy for colorectal cancer therapy.

2.
Invest New Drugs ; 2022 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34981275

RESUMO

Background One of the main challenges in the clinical treatment of lung cancer is resistance to chemotherapeutic drugs. P-glycoprotein (P-gp)-mediated drug resistance is the main obstacle to successfully implementing microtubule-targeted tumor chemotherapy. Purpose In this study, we explored the effect of Ad-hTERTp-E1a-Apoptin (Ad-VT) on drug-resistant cell lines and the molecular mechanism by which Ad-VT combined with chemotherapy affects drug-resistant cells and parental cells. Methods In vitro, cell proliferation, colony formation, resistance index (RI), apoptosis and autophagy assays were performed. Protein expression was analyzed by Western blotting. Finally, a xenograft tumor model in nude mice was used to detect tumor growth and evaluate histological characteristics. Results Our results showed that Ad-VT had an obvious killing effect on A549, A549/GEM and A549/Paclitaxel cancer cells, and the sensitivity of drug-resistant cell lines to Ad-VT was significantly higher than that of parental A549 cells. Compared with A549 cells, A549/GEM and A549/Paclitaxel cells had higher autophagy levels and higher viral replication ability. Ad-VT decreased the levels of p-PI3k, p-Akt and p-mTOR and the expression of P-gp. In vivo, Ad-VT combined with chemotherapy can effectively inhibit the growth of chemotherapy-resistant tumors and prolong the survival of mice. Conclusions Thus, the combination of Ad-VT and chemotherapeutic drugs will be a promising strategy to overcome chemoresistance.

3.
Diabetologia ; 65(1): 173-187, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34554282

RESUMO

AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Type 2 diabetes is characterised by islet amyloid and toxic oligomers of islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP). We posed the questions, (1) does IAPP toxicity induce an islet response comparable to that in humans with type 2 diabetes, and if so, (2) what are the key transcriptional drivers of this response? METHODS: The islet transcriptome was evaluated in five groups of mice: beta cell specific transgenic for (1) human IAPP, (2) rodent IAPP, (3) human calpastatin, (4) human calpastatin and human IAPP, and (5) wild-type mice. RNA sequencing data was analysed by differential expression analysis and gene co-expression network analysis to establish the islet response to adaptation to an increased beta cell workload of soluble rodent IAPP, the islet response to increased expression of oligomeric human IAPP, and the extent to which the latter was rescued by suppression of calpain hyperactivation by calpastatin. Rank-rank hypergeometric overlap analysis was used to compare the transcriptome of islets from human or rodent IAPP transgenic mice vs humans with prediabetes or type 2 diabetes. RESULTS: The islet transcriptomes in humans with prediabetes and type 2 diabetes are remarkably similar. Beta cell overexpression of soluble rodent or oligomer-prone human IAPP induced changes in islet transcriptome present in prediabetes and type 2 diabetes, including decreased expression of genes that confer beta cell identity. Increased expression of human IAPP, but not rodent IAPP, induced islet inflammation present in prediabetes and type 2 diabetes in humans. Key mediators of the injury responses in islets transgenic for human IAPP or those from individuals with type 2 diabetes include STAT3, NF-κB, ESR1 and CTNNB1 by transcription factor analysis and COL3A1, NID1 and ZNF800 by gene regulatory network analysis. CONCLUSIONS/INTERPRETATION: Beta cell injury mediated by IAPP is a plausible mechanism to contribute to islet inflammation and dedifferentiation in type 2 diabetes. Inhibition of IAPP toxicity is a potential therapeutic target in type 2 diabetes.

4.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 17(5): 1141-1156, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34850761

RESUMO

The Expert Consensus reviews current literatures and provides clinical practice guidelines for thermal ablation of pulmonary subsolid nodules or ground-glass nodule (GGN). The main contents include the following: (1) clinical evaluation of GGN; (2) procedures, indications, contraindications, outcomes evaluation, and related complications of thermal ablation for GGN; and (3) future development directions.

5.
Front Mol Biosci ; 8: 763500, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34869595

RESUMO

Ad-VT (Ad-Apoptin-hTERTp-E1a) is a type of oncolytic adenovirus with dual specific tumor cell death ability. It can effectively induce cell death of breast cancer cells and has better effect when used in combination with chemotherapy drugs. However, it has not been reported whether Ad-VT reduces the resistance of breast cancer cells to chemotherapy drugs. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of Ad-VT on drug resistance of Adriamycin-resistant breast cancer cells. For this, the effects of different doses of Ad-VT on the resistance of breast cancer cells to Adriamycin were analyzed using qualitative and quantitative experiments in vitro and in vivo. The Ad-VT can reduce the resistance of MCF-7/ADR to adriamycin, which is caused by the reduction of MRP1 protein level in MCF-7/ADR cells after treatment with Ad-VT, and MRP1 can be interfered with by autophagy inhibitors. Subsequently, the upstream signal of autophagy was analyzed and it was found that Ad-VT reduced the resistance of cells to doxorubicin by reducing the level of mTOR, and then the analysis of the upstream and downstream proteins of mTOR found that Ad-VT increased the sensitivity of MCF-7/ADR cells to adriamycin by activating AMPK-mTOR-eIF4F signaling axis. Ad-VT can not only significantly induce cell death in MCF-7/ADR cells, but also improved their sensitivity to Adriamycin. Therefore, the combination of Ad-VT and chemotherapy drugs may become a new strategy for the treatment of breast cancer in overcoming Adriamycin resistance.

6.
Cancer Cell Int ; 21(1): 643, 2021 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34861873

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus (HPV) E6/E7 mRNA in situ hybridization (HPV E6/E7 RNAscope) appears to be a sensitive and specific technique in detecting transcriptionally active HPV. We aimed to examine the diagnostic utility of this technique in endocervical adenocarcinoma (ECA), to explore the prognostic factors for ECA patients and develop a clinically useful nomogram based on clinicopathological parameters to predict it. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 200 patients with ECA who had undergone surgery at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center from 2010 and 2014. The diagnostic performance of HPV E6/E7 RNAscope were evaluated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. A prognostic nomogram model including HPV E6/E7 RNAscope was generated based on multivariate Cox regression analysis, then we compared the predictive accuracy of the prognostic model with FIGO staging and treatment using concordance index (C-index), time-dependent ROC (tdROC), and decision curve analysis (DCA). RESULTS: The sensitivity and specificity of HPV E6/E7 RNAscope for distinguishing HPV-associated adenocarcinoma (HPVA) from non-HPV-associated adenocarcinoma (NHPVA) in the whole cohort were 75.8% and 80%, respectively. According the univariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression analysis, age, lymphovascular invasion (LVI), lymph node involvement (LNI), and HPV E6/E7 RNAscope were valuable predictive factors for OS. These parameters were incorporated into the nomogram model (nomogram A) compared with FIGO stage and treatment. The C-index of nomogram A for predicting OS was 0.825, which was significantly higher than FIGO stage (C-index = 0.653, p = 0.002) and treatment (C-index = 0.578, p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS:  HPV E6/E7 RNAscope is highly specific for ECA, and the 4-variable nomogram showed more accurate prognostic outcomes in patients with ECA.

7.
Sci Total Environ ; 810: 152279, 2021 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34902423

RESUMO

Ever-increasing anthropogenic activities are radically deteriorating the environment by causing severe pollution. Thus, curtailing the environmental pollution and promotion of sustainable development, are the hot issues confronted by scientists in this modern era. Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have been highly recognized as emerging promising materials for environmental remediation due to their versatile structure and extraordinary properties. Among them, MILs (MIL = Matérial Institute of Lavoisier) are the series of MOFs mostly known for their incredible stability, unique tailorable pore structures, and astounding versatile environmental applications. Their exclusive physiochemical properties and multifunctionality make them proficient for a wide range of pollutants removal in the exposure of versatile harsh environments, compared to other MOFs. This piece of research summarizes the state-of-the-art of development of MILs on the broad spectrum, highlighting their specificities, such as synthesis techniques, modifications and applications for environmental remediation. However, MILs wonderful properties and extraordinary applications in multiple fields, their deployment on practical and commercial-scale pollutants remediation is hindered by insufficient scientific research on underlying mechanisms and relationships. Henceforth, this review not only signifies the emerging importance of MILs for environmental applications but also indicates the urgency to maximize the scientific research for exploitation of MOFs on a practical level and promotion of green technologies for environmental remediation.

8.
J Affect Disord ; 299: 416-424, 2021 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34906641

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Internet addiction (IA) is associated with adverse consequences, especially for younger people. Evidence indicates that IA is associated with depression, but no studies have yet investigated potential common vulnerability between them. METHODS: IA (measured by the Young's 20-item Internet Addiction Test Scale) and depressive symptoms (measured by the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 Scale) among 12 043 undergraduates were surveyed at baseline and at a respective 12 month follow-up for each participant. Application of a cross-lagged panel model approach (CLPM) revealed an association between IA and depression after adjusting for demographic variables. RESULTS: Rates of baseline IA and depression were 5.47% (95% CI: 5.07%, 5.88%) and 3.85% (95% CI: 3.51%, 4.20%), respectively; increasing to 9.47% (95% CI: 8.94%, 9.99%) and 5.58% (95% CI: 5.17%,5.99%), respectively, at follow-up. Rates of new-incidences of IA and depression over 12 months were 7.43% (95% CI: 6.95%, 7.91%) and 4.47% (95% CI: 4.09%, 4.84%), respectively. Models in the present analysis revealed that baseline depression had a significant net-predictive effect on follow-up IA, and baseline IA had a significant net-predictive effect on follow-up depression. LIMITATIONS: The follow-up survey response rate was moderate (54.69%) in this analysis of university students. Moreover, the IAT-20 scale did not allow differentiate between specific forms of Internet activity. CONCLUSIONS: Common vulnerability and bidirectional cross-causal effects may both contribute to the association between IA and depression, with common vulnerability likely playing a more significant role than cross-causal effects.

9.
Int J Gen Med ; 14: 9401-9418, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34908868

RESUMO

Purpose: The molecular mechanisms and signal pathways of ferroptosis in hepatoblastoma (HB) have not yet been clarified. In previous studies, activating transcription factor 3 (ATF3) was reported to be correlated with several tumors, but the clinical significance of ATF3 has never been determined. Herein, we investigated the clinicopathological value and mechanisms of ATF3 in regulating ferroptosis in HB. Methods: The mRNA microarray and RNA-sequencing data of 402 samples from our hospital and public databases were used to estimate ATF3 expression and assess its clinical role in HB. The standard mean difference (SMD) and summary receiver operating characteristic curves were utilized to judge the discrimination ability of ATF3 between HB and non-HB liver tissues. We examined the expression variation of ATF3 in HB cells after the treatment with erastin. We also predicted the target genes of ATF3 as a transcriptional factor from public Chromatin Immunoprecipitation-sequencing data and selected the ferroptosis-related genes for a signaling pathway analysis. Results: In ten series, the pooled SMD for ATF3 was -0.91, demonstrating that ATF3 expression was predominantly lower in HB than in non-HB liver tissues. ATF3 down-regulation showed moderate potential to distinguish HB from non-HB liver tissues (area under curves = 0.83, 95% confidence interval = 0.79-0.86). Altogether, 4855 putative targets of ATF3 as a transcriptional factor were collected, among which, 60 genes were ferroptosis-related. Conclusion: The down-regulated ATF3 expression may play a vital role in the occurrence of HB possible partially by regulating ferroptosis.

11.
Front Immunol ; 12: 774233, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34912344

RESUMO

Vibrio anguillarum, an opportunistic pathogen of aquatic animals, moves using a filament comprised of polymerised flagellin proteins. Flagellins are essential virulence factors for V. anguillarum infection. Herein, we investigated the effects of flagellins (flaA, flaB, flaC, flaD and flaE) on cell apoptosis, TLR5 expression, and production of IL-8 and TNF-α. FlaB exhibited the strongest immunostimulation effects. To explore the functions of flaB in infection, we constructed a flaB deletion mutant using a two-step recombination method, and in vitro experiments showed a significant decrease in the expression of TLR5 and inflammatory cytokines compared with wild-type cells. However in the in vivo study, expression of inflammatory cytokines and intestinal mucosal structure showed no significant differences between groups. Additionally, flaB induced a significant increase in TLR5 expression based on microscopy analysis of fluorescently labelled TLR5, indicating interactions between the two proteins, which was confirmed by native PAGE and yeast two-hybrid assay. Molecular simulation of interactions between flaB and TLR5 was performed to identify the residues involved in binding, revealing two binding sites. Then, based on molecular dynamics simulations, we carried out thirteen site-directed mutations occurring at the amino acid sites of Q57, N83, N87, R91, D94, E122, D152, N312, R313, N320, L97, H316, I324 in binding regions of flaB protein by TLR5, respectively. Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) was employed to compare the affinities of flaB mutants for TLR5, and D152, D94, I324, N87, R313, N320 and H316 were found to mediate interactions between flaB and TLR5. Our comprehensive and systematic analysis of V. anguillarum flagellins establishes the groundwork for future design of flagellin-based vaccines.

12.
Clin Proteomics ; 18(1): 30, 2021 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34915845

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Communicating hydrocephalus (CH) is a common neurological disorder caused by a blockage of cerebrospinal fluid. In this study, we aimed to explore the potential molecular mechanism underlying CH development. METHODS: Quantitative proteomic analysis was performed to screen the differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) between patients with and without CH. A CH rat model was verified by Hoechst staining, and the co-localization of the target protein and neuron was detected using immunofluorescence staining. Loss-of-function experiments were performed to examine the effect of KLK6 on the synapse structure. RESULTS: A total of 11 DEPs were identified, and kallikrein 6 (KLK6) expression was found to be significantly upregulated in patients with CH compared with that in patients without CH. The CH rat model was successfully constructed, and KLK6 was found to be co-localized with neuronal nuclei in brain tissue. The expression level of IL-1ß, TNF-α, and KLK6 in the CH group was higher than that in the control group. After knockdown of KLK6 expression using small-interfering RNA (siRNA), the expression levels of synapsin-1 and PSD95 in neuronal cells were increased, and the length, number, and structure of synapses were significantly improved. Following siRNA interference KLK6 expression, 5681 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified in transcriptome profile. The upregulated DEGs of Appl2, Nav2, and Nrn1 may be involved in the recovery of synaptic structures after the interference of KLK6 expression. CONCLUSIONS: Collectively, KLK6 participates in the development of CH and might provide a new target for CH treatment.

13.
J Virol ; : JVI0148721, 2021 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34787456

RESUMO

Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome virus (PRRSV) causes significant economic losses to the pork industry worldwide. Currently, vaccine strategies provide limited protection against PRRSV transmission, and no effective drug is commercially available. Therefore, there is an urgent need to develop novel antiviral strategies to prevent PRRSV pandemics. This study showed that artesunate (AS), one of the antimalarial drugs, potently suppressed PRRSV replication in Marc-145 cells and ex vivo primary porcine alveolar macrophages (PAMs) at micromolar concentrations. Furthermore, we demonstrated that this suppression was closely associated with AS-activated AMPK (energy homeostasis) and Nrf2/HO-1 (inflammation) signaling pathways. AS treatment promoted p-AMPK, Nrf2 and HO-1 expression, and thus inhibited PRRSV replication in Marc-145 and PAM cells in a time- and dose-dependent manner. These effects of AS were reversed when AMPK or HO-1 gene was silenced by siRNA. In addition, we demonstrated that AMPK works upstream of Nrf2/HO-1 as its activation by AS is AMPK-dependent. Adenosine phosphate analysis showed that AS activates AMPK via improving AMP/ADP:ATP ratio rather than direct interaction with AMPK. Altogether, our findings indicate that AS could be a promising novel therapeutics for controlling PRRSV and that its anti-PRRSV mechanism, which involves the functional link between energy homeostasis and inflammation suppression pathways, may provide opportunities for developing novel antiviral agents. Importance Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) infections have been continuously threatened the pork industry worldwide. Vaccination strategies provide very limited protection against PRRSV infection, and no effective drug is commercially available. We show that artesunate (AS), one of the antimalarial drugs, is a potent inhibitor against PRRSV replication in Marc-145 cells and ex vivo primary porcine alveolar macrophages (PAMs). Furthermore, we demonstrate that AS inhibits PRRSV replication via activation of AMPK-dependent Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathways, revealing a novel link between energy homeostasis (AMPK) and inflammation suppression (Nrf2/HO-1) during viral infection. Therefore, we believe that AS may be a promising novel therapeutics for controlling PRRSV, and its anti-PRRSV mechanism may provide a potential strategy to develop novel antiviral agents.

14.
Ann Transl Med ; 9(17): 1392, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34733944

RESUMO

Background: Non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the most prevalent cancer worldwide. Tumor microenvironment (TME) plays a very important role in the cancer development. Thus, it is urgent to find the change of TME that contributes to NSCLC carcinogenesis and progression. Methods: The bioinformatics analysis approach was applied to evaluate the change of TME and screen the differentially immune cells in NSCLC tissue based on The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) data. Meanwhile, the association of differentially immune cells with tumor stage and prognosis of NSCLC was evaluated. Then, we screen the different expression genes between macrophages infiltration high group and low group. After that, the expression of LAMC2 was detected in 48 cases of NSCLC tissues and paired normal tissues. The function of LAMC2 was detected through cell experiments in vitro. Immunohistochemistry assay was used to detect the correlation between LAMC2 expression and macrophages infiltration in NSCLC tissue. LAMC2-related pathways were identified by gene set enrichment analysis. Results: Compared with early stage, middle-advanced stage of NSCLC exhibited lower immune score. Macrophages were the main component of different immune cells and correlated with poor outcome. The results of immunohistochemistry indicated that the expression of LAMC2 in NSCLC tissues was higher than paired normal tissues. Down-regulation of LAMC2 inhibited the proliferation, migration and invasion of NSCLC cells in vitro. Overexpression of LAMC2 was positively associated with macrophages infiltration in NSCLC tissues. Inhibition of LAMC2 expression in NSCLC cells could reduce THP-1 infiltration, and LAMC2 protein could promote the infiltration of THP-1. The Gene Set Enrichment Analysis results showed that high expression of LAMC2 was correlated with focal adhesion and extracellular matrix receptor interaction. Conclusions: Immune suppression and macrophages infiltration were correlated with poor outcomes in NSCLC. LAMC2 promoted macrophages infiltration and extracellular matrix remolding in NSCLC. Our studies suggested an oncogenic role of LAMC2 in NSCLC progression and it perhaps serve as a potential immune therapy target for NSCLC.

15.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 585: 146-154, 2021 Dec 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34808498

RESUMO

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a common cause of vision loss. The epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells, accompanied by oxidative damage, plays a crucial role in AMD. It is well known that manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) encoded by SOD2 is a critical molecule in fighting against oxidative stress, and Snail encoded by SNAI1 is the essential transcription factor for EMT. However, the effect of MnSOD on EMT and the underlying mechanism in RPE cells remains unknown. In this study, we found that MnSOD knockdown triggered the EMT by upregulating Snail, while MnSOD overexpression reversed EMT even with TGFß treatment in RPE cells, and the anti-oxidative stress activity of MnSOD mediated this observation. In addition, Snail depletion increased both expression and activity of MnSOD while Snail overexpression decreased MnSOD expression and activity, and Dual-luciferase reporter and ChIP assays showed that Snail directly bound to E-box (CACCTG) in the SOD2 promoter. Moreover, MnSOD over-expression and Snail interference co-treatment strengthened the anti-oxidation and EMT reversing. Therefore, our findings demonstrate that MnSOD prevents EMT of RPE cells in AMD through inhibiting oxidative injury to RPE. Moreover, a critical EMT transcription factor, Snail, functions as a new negative transcriptional factor of SOD2. Herein, the Snail-MnSOD axis forms a mutual loop in the development of AMD, which may be a novel systemic treatment target for preventing AMD.

16.
Cancer Lett ; 526: 236-247, 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34767927

RESUMO

Nuclear pore complex (NPC) embedded in the nuclear envelope, is the only channel for macromolecule nucleocytoplasmic transportation and has important biological functions. However, the deregulation of specific nucleoporins (Nups) and NPC-Nup-based mechanisms and their function in tumour progression remain poorly understood. Here, we aimed to identify the Nups that contribute to HCC progression and metastasis in 729 primary hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cases using molecular, cytological, and biochemical techniques. Our results revealed elevated Nup93 expression in HCC tissues, especially in cases with metastasis, and was linked to worse prognosis. Furthermore, Nup93 knockdown suppressed HCC cell metastasis and proliferation, while Nup93 overexpression promoted these activities. We observed that Nup93 promotes HCC metastasis and proliferation by regulating ß-catenin translocation. In addition, we found that Nup93 interacted with ß-catenin directly, independent of importin. Furthermore, LEF1 and ß-catenin facilitated the Nup93-mediated metastasis and proliferation in HCC via a positive feedback loop. Thus, our findings provide novel insights into the mechanisms underlying the Nup93-induced promotion of HCC metastasis and suggest potential therapeutic targets in the LEF1-Nup93-ß-catenin pathway for HCC therapeutics.

17.
Oncogene ; 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34782720

RESUMO

Metastasis is the leading cause of death of patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Although an increasing number of studies have demonstrated the involvement of G3BP2 in several human cancers, how G3BP2 interacts with long noncoding RNAs and regulates mRNA transcripts in mediating ESCC metastasis remains unclear. In this study, we uncovered that G3BP2 was upregulated in ESCC. Further analysis revealed that upregulation of G3BP2 was significantly correlated with lymph node metastasis, depth of tumor invasion and unfavorable outcomes in ESCC patients. Both in vitro and in vivo functional assays demonstrated that G3BP2 dramatically enhanced ESCC cell migration and invasion. Mechanistically, LINC01554 maintained the high G3BP2 expression in ESCC by protecting G3BP2 from degradation through ubiquitination and the interaction domains within LINC01554 and G3BP2 were identified. In addition, RNA-seq revealed that HDGF was regulated by G3BP2. G3BP2 bound to HDGF mRNA transcript to stabilize its expression. Ectopic expression of HDGF effectively abolished the G3BP2 depletion-mediated inhibitory effect on tumor cell migration. Intriguingly, introduction of compound C108 which can inhibit G3BP2 remarkedly suppressed ESCC cell metastasis in vitro and in vivo. Collectively, this study describes a newly discovered regulatory axis, LINC01554/G3BP2/HDGF, that facilitates ESCC metastasis and will provide novel therapeutic strategies for ESCC.

18.
Thorac Cancer ; 2021 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34725933

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Computed tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous microwave ablation (MWA) is a very common ablation method that shows a good local tumor control rate in primary and secondary lung tumors. At present, few reports have explored the safety and efficacy of MWA for lung metastases from breast cancer. METHODS: From January 2012 to January 2018, 32 breast cancer patients with 46 pulmonary metastases received CT-guided percutaneous MWA. The study was approved by the local institutional review board. The clinical efficacy and complications of MWA were investigated. RESULTS: The median follow-up time was 32 months and the main effective rate was 97.8% (45/46). Five of 46 lesions had local progression (10.9%), with a median progression time of 10 months. The 1-, 3-, and 5-year overall survival (OS) rates were 96.9%, 53.3%, and 17.8%, respectively. The median OS time was 36 months. Among 46 MWA treatments, 11 (23.9%) had massive pneumothorax, two (4.3%) had massive pleural effusion, and two (4.3%) had a pulmonary infection. CONCLUSION: CT-guided percutaneous MWA may be safe and effective for treating lung metastases from breast cancer.

19.
Ther Adv Chronic Dis ; 12: 20406223211048644, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34729155

RESUMO

Background: Our previous study revealed that plasma levels of a-2,6-sialyltransferase 1 (ST6GAL1) were increased in patients with IgA nephropathy (IgAN). ST6GAL1 catalyzes terminal sialylation of IgG to shift the antibody effector function to the anti-inflammatory pattern. However, the role of plasma ST6GAL1 in the progression of IgAN and underlying mechanisms are still unknown. Methods: A total of 180 IgAN patients were included. The kidney outcomes were defined as the eGFR decline or proteinuria remission. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were either stimulated with purified sialylated IgG (SA-IgG) or with non-sialylated IgG (NSA-IgG) from IgAN patients to detect the levels of interleukin (IL)-6 and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in supernatant. Results: Compared with the lower ST6GAL1 (reference), the risk of eGFR decline decreased for the higher ST6GAL1 group after adjustment for baseline eGFR, systolic blood pressure (SBP), and proteinuria. The results showed that patients with higher ST6GAL1 levels had a higher rate of proteinuria remission. ST6GAL1, expressed as a continuous variable, was a protective factor for eGFR decline and proteinuria remission. An in vitro study showed that the administration of recombinant ST6GAL1 (rST6GAL1) decreased the levels of IL-6 and TNF-α in PBMCs. Furthermore, the administration of rST6GAL1 resulted in the enrichment of SA-IgG in a concentration-dependent manner. In addition, as compared to control, purified SA-IgG-treated PBMCs showed a significant decrease in the expression of IL-6 and TNF-α. Conclusion: Our study indicated that elevated ST6GAL1 was associated with a slower progression of IgAN, which may play a protective effect by increasing IgG sialylation to inhibit the production of proinflammatory cytokines in PBMCs.

20.
World J Clin Cases ; 9(26): 7876-7885, 2021 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34621841

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The ATP6AP1 gene coding for the accessory protein Ac45 of the vacuolar-type adenosine triphosphatases (V-ATPase) is located on chromosome Xq28. Defects in certain subunits or accessory subunits of the V-ATPase can lead to congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG). CDG is a group of metabolic disorders in which defective protein and lipid glycosylation processes affect multiple tissues and organs. Therefore, the clinical presentation of patients with ATP6AP1-CDG varies widely. In this report, we present a case of ATP6AP1-CDG in a Chinese infant, with clinical features and genotype. CASE SUMMARY: An 8-mo-old boy was admitted to our hospital because unexplained hepatosplenomegaly and elevated transaminases that had been noted while he was being treated for a cough at a local hospital. A post-admission examination at our hospital revealed abnormalities in the infant's liver, brain, and immune system. Trio-based whole exome gene analysis identified a hemizygous pathogenic mutation c.1036G>A (p.E346K) in exon 9 of the ATP6AP1 gene. This variant of the ATP6AP1 gene has not been reported in East Asian countries until now. CONCLUSION: Based on the infant's clinical manifestations and the results of genetic detection, he was clearly diagnosed with ATP6AP1-CDG. The clinical manifestations of children with CDG vary widely. Genetic testing analysis helps in the clinical diagnosis of children with CDG.

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