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1.
Chemosphere ; 248: 126014, 2020 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31995737

RESUMO

Microbial fuel cell constructed wetlands (CW-MFCs) with different circuit operation conditions and hydraulic retention time (HRT) were constructed to evaluate their ability to remove and accumulate pharmaceutical and personal care products (PPCPs) (sulfadiazine (SDZ), carbamazepine (CBZ), naproxen (NPX) and ibuprofen (IBP)) during four months running process. The abundance level of corresponding sulfonamide antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) was also investigated. The results showed that closed circuit operation of CW-MFC contributed to the decrease in mass loading of COD, NH4+-N, PPCPs, and wastewater toxicity in the effluent. Additionally, closed circuit operation with low HRT contributed to enhancing selected PPCP mass accumulation on electrodes by electro-adsorption, and thus the higher sulfonamide ARG abundance was detected in the electrodes and effluent. Moreover, the composition of bacteria was greatly influenced by the mass accumulation of PPCPs revealed by redundancy analysis results. Procrustes analysis results further demonstrated that bacterial community contributed greatly to the ARGs profiles. Therefore, ARGs with their host bacteria revealed by network analysis were partially deposited on electrode substrates, and thus ARGs were effectively accumulated on electrodes. Function analysis of the bacterial community from PICRUSt predicted metagenomes revealed that closed circuit mode enhanced the abundances of the function genes of metabolic and the multiple ARGs, suggesting that closed circuit operation exhibited positive effects on metabolic process and ARG accumulation in CW-MFC system.

2.
J Cell Biochem ; 121(3): 2467-2477, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31736157

RESUMO

Matrine, also known as oxymatrine, is an important active ingredient of traditional Chinese herb Sophora flavescens. Recent studies have found that matrine may inhibit multiple tumors through inhibiting the tumor cell proliferation, inducing cell apoptosis, blocking cell cycle, suppressing cell invasion and migration and assisting in the synergy, and attenuation of radiotherapy and chemotherapy. This study mainly investigated the role of matrine in gastric cancer and its possible mechanism. The real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction technique showed that matrine inhibited the proliferation and migration of gastric tumor cells and significantly suppressed the expression of miR-93-5p. The dual-luciferase reporter gene assay indicated that AHNAK was a target gene of miR-93-5p and regulated by miR-93-5p and matrine. The torsion test demonstrated that matrine exerted its role via miR-93-5p while miR-93-5p played a role by targeting AHNAK. Thus, this study found that matrine affected the progression of gastric cancer by inhibiting the function of gastric cancer cells through the possible mechanism of inhibiting miR-93-5p expression to increase the expression level of the downstream target gene AHNAK.

3.
Bioresour Technol ; 296: 122290, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31677404

RESUMO

Three-dimensional biofilm electrode reactors (3D-BERs) with high treatment efficiency were constructed to treat wastewater containing sulfadiazine (SDZ) and ciprofloxacin (CIP) coexposure with Zinc (Zn). The results showed that coexposure to target antibiotics and Zn increased the absolute and relative abundances of target antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs). Additionally, the target ARG abundances were higher on cathode of 3D-BER compared with ordinary anaerobic reactor while the abundances of total ARGs were decreased in the effluent. Meanwhile, redundancy analysis results revealed that the composition of bacteria carrying ARGs was greatly influenced in the cathode by the accumulation of Zn and antibiotic, which dominated the changes of ARG abundances. Additionally, ARGs with their host bacteria revealed by network analysis were partially deposited on electrode substrates when being removed from wastewater. Thus, 3D-BER exhibits capability of simultaneously eliminating antibiotic and Zn, and greatly reduces the risks of ARGs spread.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Ciprofloxacino , Bactérias , Biofilmes , Resistência Microbiana a Medicamentos , Eletrodos , Genes Bacterianos , Características de Residência , Sulfadiazina , Águas Residuárias , Zinco
4.
Bioresour Technol ; 296: 122352, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31708385

RESUMO

The aim of this work was to study reverse solute flux (RSF) from osmotic membrane bioreactor (OMBR) and consequent solute buildup in the feed side. A polyelectrolyte (PAA-Na) served as a draw solute (DS) to minimize RSF in OMBRs. In addition, a bioelectrochemical system (BES) was employed to drive accumulated cations from the feed/anode side into the cathode compartment, subsequently achieving PAA-Na DS recovery with the aid of high catholyte pH. Compared to the 1 M NH4HCO3 DS, the 0.48 g mL-1 PAA-Na DS produced consistently stable water flux, enhanced water recovery and increased ammonium removal efficiency. Due to a dynamic balance between PAA removal and continuing RSF, the residual PAA concentration was 72 mg L-1 on the feed side (27.0% of TOC). These results demonstrate the advantages of integrating a PAA-Na DS with a BES to mitigate RSF and to support further development of OMBR technology.


Assuntos
Polieletrólitos , Purificação da Água , Reatores Biológicos , Membranas , Membranas Artificiais , Osmose
5.
Plant J ; 2019 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31733118

RESUMO

Phosphorus (P) is an essential macronutrient required for plant development and production. The mechanisms regulating phosphate (Pi) uptake are well established, but the function of chloroplast Pi homeostasis is poorly understood in Oryza sativa (rice). PHT2;1 is one of the transporters/translocators mediating Pi import into chloroplasts. In this study, to gain insight into the role of OsPHT2;1-mediated stroma Pi, we analyzed OsPHT2;1 function in Pi utilization and photoprotection. Our results showed that OsPHT2;1 was induced by Pi starvation and light exposure. Cell-based assays showed that OsPHT2;1 localized to the chloroplast envelope and functioned as a low-affinity Pi transporter. The ospht2;1 had reduced Pi accumulation, plant growth and photosynthetic rates. Metabolite profiling revealed that 52.6% of the decreased metabolites in ospht2;1 plants were flavonoids, which was further confirmed by 40% lower content of total flavonoids compared with the wild type. As a consequence, ospht2;1 plants were more sensitive to UV-B irradiation. Moreover, the content of phenylalanine, the precursor of flavonoids, was also reduced, and was largely associated with the repressed expression of ADT1/MTR1. Furthermore, the ospht2;1 plants showed decreased grain yields at relatively high levels of UV-B irradiance. In summary, OsPHT2;1 functions as a chloroplast-localized low-affinity Pi transporter that mediates UV tolerance and rice yields at different latitudes.

6.
Plant Cell Physiol ; 60(12): 2785-2796, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31424513

RESUMO

Phosphorus is one of the most important macronutrients required for plant growth and development. The importance of phosphorylation modification in regulating phosphate (Pi) homeostasis in plants is emerging. We performed phosphoproteomic profiling to characterize proteins whose degree of phosphorylation is altered in response to Pi starvation in rice root. A subset of 554 proteins, including 546 down-phosphorylated and eight up-phosphorylated proteins, exhibited differential phosphorylation in response to Pi starvation. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis with the differentially phosphorylated proteins indicated that RNA processing, transport, splicing and translation and carbon metabolism played critical roles in response to Pi starvation in rice. Levels of phosphorylation of four mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs), including OsMAPK6, five calcium-dependent protein kinases (CDPKs) and OsCK2ß3 decreased in response to Pi starvation. The decreased phosphorylation level of OsMAPK6 was confirmed by Western blotting. Mutation of OsMAPK6 led to Pi accumulation under Pi-sufficient conditions. Motif analysis indicated that the putative MAPK, casein kinase 2 (CK2) and CDPK substrates represented about 54.4%, 21.5% and 4.7%, respectively, of the proteins exhibiting differential phosphorylation. Based on the motif analysis, 191, 151 and 46 candidate substrates for MAPK, CK2 and CDPK were identified. These results indicate that modification of phosphorylation profiles provides complementary information on Pi-starvation-induced processes, with CK2, MAPK and CDPK protein kinase families playing key roles in these processes in rice.

7.
Water Res ; 165: 114988, 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31442759

RESUMO

This study assessed the influence of substrate type on pollutants removal, antibiotic resistance gene (ARG) fate and bacterial community evolution in up-flow microbial fuel cell constructed wetlands (UCW-MFC) with graphite and Mn ore electrode substrates. Better COD removal and higher bacterial community diversity and electricity generation performance were achieved in Mn ore constructed UCW-MFC (Mn). However, the lower concentration of sulfadiazine (SDZ) and the total abundances of ARGs were obtained in the effluent in the graphite constructed UCW-MFC (s), which may be related to higher graphite adsorption and filter capacity. Notably, both reactors can remove more than 97.8% of ciprofloxacin. In addition, significant negative correlations were observed between SDZ, COD concentration, ARG abundances and bacterial a-diversity indices. The LEfse analysis revealed significantly different bacterial communities due to the substrate differences in the two reactors, and Geobacter, a typical model electro-active bacteria (EAB), was greatly enriched on the anode of UCW-MFC (Mn). In contrast, the relative abundance of methanogens (Methanosaeta) was inhibited. PICRUSt analysis results further demonstrated that the abundance of extracellular electron transfer related functional genes was increased, but the methanogen function genes and multiple antibiotic resistance genes in UCW-MFC (Mn) anode were reduced. Redundancy analyses indicated that substrate type, antibiotic accumulation and bacterial community were the main factors affecting ARGs. Moreover, the potential ARG hosts and the co-occurrence of ARGs and intI1 were revealed by network analysis.


Assuntos
Fontes de Energia Bioelétrica , Grafite , Antibacterianos , Bactérias , Eletrodos , Águas Residuárias , Áreas Alagadas
8.
Neurologist ; 24(4): 111-114, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31246719

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the impact of observer's experience on reliability of etiological classification systems in patients with ischemic stroke. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed medical records of 80 patients with ischemic stroke in hospitals from August 2016 to March 2017 consecutively. Patients were classified by 4 observers with different clinical experiences and backgrounds (A, B, C, and D) according to the Trial of ORG 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment (TOAST), Stop Stroke Study TOAST (SSS-TOAST), and ASCOD (A-atherosclerosis, S-small vessel disease, C-cardiac pathology, O-other cause, and D-dissection). The intraobserver reliability was assessed based on the initial and a second delayed assessment after 3 months, and the interobserver reliability of different pairs (A-B and C-D) and overall (A, B, C, and D) were compared based on the initial classification. RESULTS: The reliability values of the 3 classification systems were improved with observer's experience increasing, particularly in the TOAST system, in which the intraobserver reliability values of observers A, B, C, and D were 0.62, 0.73, 0.80, and 0.88, respectively, and slight differences were observed between the SSS-TOAST and ASCOD systems. The A-B pair had lower interobserver reliability value than the C-D pair, particularly in TOAST system with reliability values of 0.36 and 0.74, respectively, and a slight variation of interobserver reliability values were noted in the SSS-TOAST and ASCOD system. CONCLUSIONS: Observer's experience may affect the reliability of etiological classification systems in patients with ischemic stroke.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica/classificação , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/classificação , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Isquemia Encefálica/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia
9.
J Plant Physiol ; 236: 15-22, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30849693

RESUMO

Arsenic (As) contamination in agricultural soil can cause phytotoxicity and lead to As accumulation in crops. Rice (Oryza sativa) feeds half of the world's population, but the molecular mechanism of As detoxification is not well understood in rice. In this study, the role of OsNLA1 in arsenate uptake and tolerance in rice was analyzed. OsNLA1 expression was induced in response to As(V) stress. The osnla1 mutant was more sensitive to As(V) stress than those of the wild type (WT). When exposed to As(V), mutation of OsNLA1 resulted in 30% greater As accumulation in roots and shoots of the WT. Although OsPT8 expression was induced after As(V) exposure, the amount of its protein was reduced. Unexpectedly, the osnla1 mutant showed a significant increase in punctate structures of OsPT8-GFP in response to As(V) stress, while the amount of the OsPT8-GFP protein in the osnla1 mutant was greater than in the WT. Combining OsNLA1 mutation with OsPT8 overexpression resulted in As(V) hypersensitivity, As hyperaccumulation, and higher shoot to root ratio of As in rice. These results indicated that OsNLA1 plays an important role in arsenate uptake and tolerance, mainly via regulating the amount of Pi transporters.


Assuntos
Arseniatos/metabolismo , Oryza/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Oryza/fisiologia , Proteínas de Transporte de Fosfato/metabolismo , Fósforo/metabolismo , Raízes de Plantas/metabolismo , Brotos de Planta/metabolismo , Transcriptoma
10.
Bioresour Technol ; 281: 188-194, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30822639

RESUMO

The aim of this work was to study sulfadiazine (SDZ) biodegradation efficiency, antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) development and shift of microbial communities under conditions of limited methanogens activity in Microbial fuel cells (MFCs). The results indicated that the removal performance of SDZ was decreased with the suppression of methanogens in both MFCs and open-circuit controls. The relative abundances of ARGs were even enhanced by the inhibition of methanogens. The biodegradation mechanism of SDZ was obtained, in which SDZ was initially divided into aniline and pyrimidin-2ylsulfamic acid, then converted into small molecules. Geobacter was found as the dominant microorganism, indicating its potential to degrade SDZ in the MFCs. These findings suggest there is a trade-off between electricity production and SDZ removal and ARG development by the mean of methanogen inhibition in MFCs.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Fontes de Energia Bioelétrica , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana , Geobacter/metabolismo , Sulfadiazina/metabolismo , Eletricidade , Geobacter/efeitos dos fármacos , Metano/metabolismo
11.
Asian J Androl ; 21(5): 473-477, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30719984

RESUMO

Antisperm antibodies (ASAs) are assumed to be a possible causative factor for male infertility, with ASAs detected in 5%-15% of infertile men but in only 1%-2% of fertile ones. It remains unclear whether ASAs have an adverse effect on the outcome of in vitro fertilization (IVF) or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). This study investigated differences in the rates of fertilization, pregnancy, and live births associated with serum ASA-positive and ASA-negative men following IVF or ICSI. Five hundred and fifty-four consecutive infertile couples undergoing IVF (n = 399) or ICSI (n = 155) were included. The two-sample two-sided t-test and Chi-square or Fisher's exact test was used for statistical analysis. Lower rates of fertilization (41.7% vs 54.8%, P = 0.03), good embryos (18.9% vs 35.2%, P = 0.00), pregnancy (38.5% vs 59.4%, P = 0.00), and live births (25.8% vs 42.5%, P = 0.00) were observed in men of the IVF group with a positive serum ASA than in those with a negative ASA. ASA positivity/negativity correlated with pregnancy rates (P = 0.021, odds ratio [OR]: 0.630, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.425-0.932) and live birth rates (P = 0.010, OR: 1.409, 95% CI: 1.084-1.831) after controlling for the female serum follicle-stimulating hormone level and the couple's ages at IVF. Women coupled with ASA-positive men had lower live birth rates with IVF than with ICSI (25.8% and 47.4%, respectively; P = 0.07). Women coupled with ASA-positive men had lower rates of pregnancy and live births following IVF than those coupled with ASA-negative men but had a similar outcome with ICSI.

12.
BMC Infect Dis ; 19(1): 19, 2019 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30616531

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is an infectious disease caused by enteroviruses that has a severely impair for those high incidence countries such as China.The current study aimed to investigate the epidemic pattern of HFMD by time and region in Northwestern China. METHODS: All reported HFMD cases from 2008 to 2015 were collected from local Disease Control and Prevention.The HFMD was diagnosed in accordance with the guidebook provided by the National Health and Family Planning Commission of the People's Republic of China. RESULTS: A total of 154,869 cases of probable HFMD were reported. The overall incidence of HFMD has been increased from 91.68 per 100/000 in 2008 to 335.64 per 100/000 in 2015.The case mortality is decreased from 0.014 per100/000 to 0.011 per 100/000 during the time period. Most HFMD (93.82%) occurred in children younger than 5 years. The seasonal peak of HFMD infections occurred in April-July and September-November and Central regions of Xi'an city were the major locations of the clusters (incidence rate 245.75/100,000; relative risk 1.19, P < 0.01). EVA71 was the predominant enterovirus serotype, accounting for 50.0% of all reported HFMD cases since 2011.The most susceptible group infected by HFMD was children younger than 5 years, especially boys. CONCLUSIONS: Incidence of HFMD has been increasing in the past few years, however, the case fatality is decreasing. Season and region shall be considered as influence factors in the prevention of HFMD.


Assuntos
Doença de Mão, Pé e Boca/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Animais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Cidades , Enterovirus Humano A/classificação , Enterovirus Humano A/patogenicidade , Epidemias , Feminino , Doença de Mão, Pé e Boca/mortalidade , Doença de Mão, Pé e Boca/virologia , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mortalidade , Estações do Ano , Sorogrupo
13.
Bone ; 120: 239-245, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29653292

RESUMO

The aim of the study was to investigate the association between rs5859 in Sep15, rs1139793 in TrxR2 polymorphisms with the risks of KBD and to detect the expression of AP-1 pathway in KBD subjects and in vitro. 208 KBD and 206 control subjects were included. PCR-Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (RFLP), Amplification Refractory Mutation Specific-PCR (ARMS-PCR) and Western Blotting were conducted. The results showed the minor A-allele frequency of rs5859 in KBD was statistically significantly higher than that in the control group (P < 0.05). The cases carrying A-allele had a 2-fold (95%CI: 1.064-3.956) increased risk of developing KBD compared with the G-allele carriers. There was no significant difference in genotype and allele distribution of rs1139793 between KBD patients and controls (P > 0.05). The frequency of the minor A allele of rs5859 was significantly different in Chinese healthy population compared with European, African and American. The frequency of the minor A allele of rs1139793 showed significant difference when compared with African and American. The levels of JunB, JunD, P65 proteins in KBD group were higher than those in control group (P < 0.0001). The expression of JunB, JunD, P65 proteins all increased in tBHP-induced C28/I2 oxidative damage model compared with control group (P < 0.05) and decreased after Se supplementation. Our finding indicated Sep15 is a possible candidate susceptibility gene for KBD. Combined with the in vitro study, our studies reveal novel insights into the mechanism of Se supplementation as an antioxidant via inhibiting the AP-1 signaling pathway in patients with KBD.

14.
J Cell Physiol ; 234(6): 8908-8917, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30317616

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a kind of chronic osteoarthropathy and degenerative joint disease. Epigenetic regulation in the gene expression dynamics has become increasingly important in OA. We performed a combined analysis of two types of microarray datasets (gene expression and DNA methylation) to identify methylation-based key biomarkers to provide a better understanding of molecular biological mechanisms of OA. METHODS: We obtained two expression profiling datasets (GSE55235, GSE55457) and one DNA methylation profiling data set (GSE63695) from the Gene Expression Omnibus. First, differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between patients with OA and controls were identified using the Limma package in R(v3.4.4). Then, function enrichment analysis of DEGs was performed using a DAVID database. For DNA methylation datasets, ChAMP methylation analysis package was used to identify differential methylation genes (DMGs). Finally, a comprehensive analysis of DEGs and DMGs was conducted to identify genes that exhibited differential expression and methylation simultaneously. RESULTS: We identified 112 DEGs and 2,896 DMGs in patients with OA compared with controls. Functional analysis of DEGs obtained that inflammatory responses, immune responses, and positive regulation of apoptosis, tumor necrosis factor (TNF) signaling pathway, and osteoclast differentiation may be involved in the pathogenesis of OA. Cross-analysis revealed 26 genes that exhibited differential expression and methylation in OA. Among them, ADAMTS9, FKBP5, and PFKBF3 were identified as valuable methylation-based biomarkers for OA. CONCLUSION: In summary, our study identified different molecular features between patients with OA and controls. This may provide new clues for clarifying the pathogenetic mechanisms of OA.

15.
Chemosphere ; 217: 599-608, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30445405

RESUMO

This study aims to demonstrate that an up-flow microbial fuel cell-coupled constructed wetland (UCW-MFC) can effectively treat synthetic wastewater that contains a high concentration of pharmaceutical and personal care products (PPCPs, 10 mg L-1 level), such as ibuprofen (IBP) and bisphenol A (BPA). A significant decline in chemical oxygen demand (COD) and ammonia nitrogen (NH4+-N) removal was observed when BPA was added, which indicated that BPA was more toxic to bacteria. The closed circuit operation of UCW-MFC performed better than the open circuit mode for COD and NH4+-N removal. Similarly, the removal rates of IBP and BPA were increased by 9.3% and 18%, respectively, compared with the open circuit mode. The majority of PPCPs were removed from the bottom and anode layer, which accounted for 63.2-78.7% of the total removal. The main degradation products were identified. The removal rates of IBP and BPA decreased by 14.6% and 23.7% due to a reduction in the hydraulic detention times (HRTs) from 16 h to 4 h, respectively. Electricity generation performance, including voltage and maximum power density, initially increased and then declined with a decrease in the HRT. Additionally, both the current circuit operation mode and the HRT have an impact on the bacterial community diversity of the anode according to the results of high-throughput sequencing. The possible bacterial groups involved in PPCP degradation were identified. In summary, UCW-MFC is suitable for enabling the simultaneous removal of IBP and BPA and successful electricity production.


Assuntos
Compostos Benzidrílicos/química , Ibuprofeno/química , Microbiota , Fenóis/química , Purificação da Água/métodos , Áreas Alagadas , Bactérias/metabolismo , Fontes de Energia Bioelétrica/microbiologia , Análise da Demanda Biológica de Oxigênio , Eletricidade , Águas Residuárias/química
17.
Cogn Neurodyn ; 12(6): 625-636, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30483370

RESUMO

Excessive synchronization of neurons in cerebral cortex is believed to play a crucial role in the emergence of neuropsychological disorders such as Parkinson's disease, epilepsy and essential tremor. This study, by constructing a modular neuronal network with modified Oja's learning rule, explores how to eliminate the pathological synchronized rhythm of interacted busting neurons numerically. When all neurons in the modular neuronal network are strongly synchronous within a specific range of coupling strength, the result reveals that synaptic plasticity with large learning rate can suppress bursting synchronization effectively. For the relative small learning rate not capable of suppressing synchronization, the technique of nonlinear delayed feedback control including differential feedback control and direct feedback control is further proposed to reduce the synchronized bursting state of coupled neurons. It is demonstrated that the two kinds of nonlinear feedback control can eliminate bursting synchronization significantly when the control parameters of feedback strength and feedback delay are appropriately tuned. For the former control technique, the control domain of effective synchronization suppression is similar to a semi-elliptical domain in the simulated parameter space of feedback strength and feedback delay, while for the latter one, the effective control domain is similar to a fan-shaped domain in the simulated parameter space.

18.
Chaos ; 28(8): 083120, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30180622

RESUMO

There is evidence that synaptic plasticity is a vital feature of realistic neuronal systems. This study, describing synaptic plasticity by a modified Oja learning rule, focuses on the effect of synapse learning rate on spike synchronization and its relative transitions in a Newman-Watts small-world neuronal network. The individual dynamics of each neuron is modeled by a simple Rulkov map that produces spiking behavior. Numerical results have indicated that large coupling can lead to a spatiotemporally synchronous pattern of spiking neurons; in addition, this kind of spike synchronization can emerge intermittently by turning information transmission delay between coupled neurons. Interestingly, with the advent of synaptic plasticity, spike synchronization is gradually destroyed by increasing synapse learning rate; moreover, the phenomenon of intermittent synchronization transitions becomes less and less obvious and it even disappears for relative larger learning rate. Further simulations confirm that spike synchronization as well as synchronization transitions is largely independent of network size. Meanwhile, we detect that large shortcuts probability can facilitate spike synchronization, but it is disadvantageous for delay-induced synchronization transitions.


Assuntos
Modelos Neurológicos , Rede Nervosa/fisiologia , Plasticidade Neuronal/fisiologia , Neurônios/fisiologia , Transmissão Sináptica/fisiologia , Animais , Humanos
19.
Bone ; 117: 15-22, 2018 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30153510

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Selenium deficiency is a risk factor for Kashin-Beck Disease (KBD), an endemic osteoarthropathy. Although promoter hypermethylation of glutathione peroxidase 3 (GPX3) (a selenoprotein) has been identified in several cancers, little is known about promoter methylation and expression of GPX3 and their relation to selenium in KBD. The present study was thus conducted to investigate this research question. METHODS: Methylation and expressions of GPX3 in whole blood drawn from 288 KBD patients and 362 healthy controls and in chondrocyte cell line were evaluated using methylation-specific PCR and qRT-PCR, respectively. The protein levels of PI3K/Akt/c-fos signaling in the whole blood and chondrocyte cell line were determined with Western blotting. Chondrocytes apoptosis were detected by Hoechst 33342 and Annexin V-FITC/PI staining. RESULTS: GPX3 methylation was increased, GPX3 mRNA was decreased, and protein levels in the PI3K/Akt/c-fos signaling pathway were up-regulated in the whole blood collected from KBD patients as compared with healthy controls. Similar results were obtained for chondrocytes injured by oxidative stress. There was a significant, decreasing trend in GPX3 expression across groups of unmethylation, partial methylation, and complete methylation for GPX3, in sequence. Compared with unmethylation group, protein levels in PI3K/Akt/c-fos pathway were enhanced in partial and complete methylation groups. Treatment of chondrocytes with sodium selenite resulted in reduced methylation and increased expression of GPX3 as well as down-regulated level of PI3K/Akt/c-fos proteins. CONCLUSIONS: The methylation and expression of GPX3 and expression of PI3K/Akt/c-fos pathway are altered in KBD and these changes are reversible by selenium supplementation.


Assuntos
Apoptose/genética , Condrócitos/metabolismo , Condrócitos/patologia , Metilação de DNA/genética , Glutationa Peroxidase/genética , Doença de Kashin-Bek/genética , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Linhagem Celular , Condrócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Metilação de DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Glutationa Peroxidase/sangue , Humanos , Doença de Kashin-Bek/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-fos/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Selênio/farmacologia , Transdução de Sinais
20.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 162: 376-382, 2018 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30015182

RESUMO

A previous study revealed that the electrolytic stimulation process in bio-electrochemical reactors (BER) can accelerate growth of sulfadiazine (SDZ) antibiotic resistant bacteria (ARB) in nutrient broth medium. However, the influence of different medium nutrient richness on the fate of ARB and the relative abundance of their corresponding antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) in this process is unknown. Specifically, it is not clear if the fate of ARB in minimal nutrition simulated wastewater is the same as in nutrient broth under electrolytic stimulation. Therefore, in this study, nutrient broth medium and the simulated wastewater were compared to identify differences in the relative abundance of Klebsiella michiganensis LH-2 ARGs in response to the electrolytic stimulation process, as well as the fate of the strain in simulated wastewater. Lower biomass, specific growth rates and viable bacterial counts were obtained in response to the application of increasing current to simulated wastewater medium. Furthermore, the percentage of ARB lethality, which was reflected by flow cytometry analysis, increased with current in the medium. A significant positive correlation of sul genes and intI gene relative abundance versus current was also observed in nutrient broth. However, a significant negative correlation was observed in simulated wastewater because of the higher metabolic burden, which may have led to decreased ARB viability. Further investigation showed that the decrease in ARGs abundance was responsible for decreased strain tolerance to SDZ in simulated wastewater. These results reveal that minimal nutrition simulated wastewater may reduce ARB and ARGs propagation in BER.


Assuntos
Resistência Microbiana a Medicamentos/genética , Klebsiella/efeitos dos fármacos , Águas Residuárias/microbiologia , Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos , Reatores Biológicos , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana/genética , Eletrólise/métodos , Genes Bacterianos , Klebsiella/genética , Purificação da Água/métodos
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