Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 683
Filtrar
1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(24): e26312, 2021 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34128871

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: All-oral direct-acting antiviral therapies are becoming the choice for hepatitis C (HCV) treatment. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of ritonavir-boosted danoprevir (DNVr) plus sofosbuvir±ribavirin on HCV genotype 1, 2, 3, or 6 in the real world in China.In this observational, prospective, multicenter cohort, we enrolled a total of 58 patients with HCV genotype 1, 2, 3, or 6 patients from July 2018 to December 2019. All patients were treated with DNVr plus sofosbuvir ± ribavirin for 12 weeks and then followed up for 12 weeks. The primary endpoint was the rate of sustained virologic response at week 12 after the end of treatment (SVR12). The secondary endpoint was virologic response rate at end-of-treatment and adverse event outcome.Of the 58 patients who were enrolled, 5.2% (n = 3) had genotype 1a; 43.1% (n = 25) had HCV genotype 1b; 17.2% (n = 10) had genotype 2a; 5.2% (n = 3) had genotype 3a; 8.6% (n = 5) had genotype 3b; and 20.7% (n = 12) had genotype 6a. The virologic response rate at end-of-treatment was 100% (58/58). The HCV-RNA results of 5 patients were absent at week 12 after treatment. Among the 53 patients, SVR12 rate achieved 100% (53/53) with DNVr plus sofosbuvir ± ribavirin treatment in patients with HCV genotype 1b, 2a, 3, and 6a. For compensated cirrhosis and noncirrhosis patients, SVR12 was 100% with DNVr plus sofosbuvir ± ribavirin treatment. No serious event was observed during the treatment and follow-up. Only 5 patients had mild adverse events.DNVr plus sofosbuvir ± ribavirin for 12 weeks provided 100% SVR12 in a broad patient population and were well tolerated, which may be a promising regimen for CHC treatment.

2.
Cancer Biomark ; 2021 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34092605

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several molecules are highly expressed in the serum of cancer patients, and can be used as serological markers. This approach has become one of the important auxiliary diagnostic methods for cancer. AIM: To investigate the correlation between the serum levels of EphA2 and VEGF-A and the pathogenesis of colorectal cancer (CRC) as well as the potential value of these molecules in the diagnosis of CRC. METHODS: ELISA was used to detect the levels of EphA2 and VEGF-A in the peripheral venous serum of 106 newly diagnosed patients with CRC and 69 normal controls. The relationship between the serum EphA2 and VEGF-A levels and the clinicopathological characteristics of CRC patients was analyzed. ROC analysis was used to investigate the diagnostic value of the serum EphA2 and VEGF-A levels in CRC, and the optimal cutoff value was calculated. RESULTS: The serum levels of EphA2 and VEGF-A in the CRC group were higher than those in the control as well as CEA, the serum level of EphA2 was positively correlated with the VEGF-A levels, but neither was significantly associated with the clinicopathological parameters of CRC. The ROC curve showed that when the single index AUC was < 0.7, the accuracy of the combined diagnosis was higher than that of any other single index. The diagnosis scheme involving all three markers was the best (the sensitivity was 60.40%, the specificity was 92.8%, and the accuracy was 53.1%). The best critical values calculated were EphA2 > 297.92 ng/ml, EphA2 > 183.92 pg/ml and CEA > 5.19 ng/ml. CONCLUSION: The serum levels of EphA2 and VEGF-A are high in CRC patients, and the combined detection of CEA, EphA2 and VEGF-A can significantly improve the diagnostic accuracy of CRC.

3.
Clin Nephrol ; 2021 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33993908

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the changes in Treg and Th17 cells and explore the significance of Treg/Th17 balance in adult primary membranous nephropathy (PMN) patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 60 PMN patients and 50 healthy adults from June 2013 to October 2016 were enrolled in this study. The levels of Treg, Th17, and related cytokines were assessed. Pearson correlation was used for conducting correlation analysis. RESULTS: There was a significant increase in Th17 frequencies and IL-17 (Th17-related cytokines) in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), as well as a significant decrease in Treg frequencies and IL-10 (Treg-related cytokines). The IL-17 concentrations in the peripheral blood of PMN patients were positively correlated with urinary protein, while IL-10 levels were negatively correlated with urinary protein. Protein expression of Treg transcription factor (Foxp3) was significantly low in the renal tissues of PMN patients, while the expression of IL-17 was much higher. Th17/Treg imbalance was reversed to normal after effective treatment with tacrolimus in 15 PMN patients. CONCLUSION: These results suggested the existence of Treg/Th17 imbalance in PMN patients, showing the importance of Treg/Th17 imbalance in PMN pathogenesis.

5.
J Parkinsons Dis ; 2021 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33935107

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Multiple system atrophy (MSA) and Parkinson's disease (PD) have overlapping symptoms, making diagnosis challenging. Short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) are produced exclusively by gut microbiota and were reduced in feces of MSA patients. However, plasma SCFA concentrations in MSA patients have not been investigated. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the plasma SCFAs in MSA patients and to identify the potential differential diagnostic ability. METHODS: Plasma SCFA were measured in 25 MSA patients, 46 healthy controls, and 46 PD patients using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Demographic and clinical characteristics of the participants were evaluated. RESULTS: Acetic acid concentration was lower in MSA patients than in healthy controls. Acetic acid and propionic acid concentrations were lower in MSA and MSA with predominant parkinsonism (MSA-P) patients than in PD patients. A receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) analysis revealed reduced acetic acid concentration discriminated MSA patients from healthy controls with 76% specificity but only 57% sensitivity and an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.68 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.55-0.81). Combined acetic acid and propionic acid concentrations discriminated MSA patients from PD patients with an AUC of 0.82 (95% CI: 0.71-0.93), 84% specificity and 76% sensitivity. Especially, with combined acetic acid and propionic acid concentrations, MSA-P patients were separated from PD patients with an AUC of 0.89 (95% CI: 0.80-0.97), 91% specificity and 80% sensitivity. CONCLUSION: Plasma SCFAs were decreased in MSA patients. The combined acetic acid and propionic acid concentrations may be a potential biomarker for differentiating MSA patients from PD patients.

6.
Front Immunol ; 12: 639489, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33968031

RESUMO

Rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) is one of the most common aquaculture fish species worldwide. Vibriosis disease outbreaks cause significant setbacks to aquaculture. The stress and immune responses are bidirectionally modulated in response to the health challenges. Therefore, an investigation into the regulatory mechanisms of the stress and immune responses in trout is invaluable for identifying potential vibriosis treatments. We investigated the transcriptional profiles of genes associated with stress and trout immune functions after Vibrio anguillarum infection. We compared the control trout (CT, 0.9% saline injection), asymptomatic trout (AT, surviving trout with minor or no symptoms after bacteria injection), and symptomatic trout (ST, moribund trout with severe symptoms after bacteria injection). Our results showed activated immunomodulatory genes in the cytokine network and downregulated glucocorticoid and mineralocorticoid receptors in both AT and ST, indicating activation of the proinflammatory cytokine cascade as a common response in AT and ST. Moreover, the AT specifically activated the complement- and TNF-associated immune defenses in response to V. anguillarum infection. However, the complement and coagulation cascades, as well as steroid hormone homeostasis in ST, were disturbed by V. anguillarum. Our studies provide new insights toward understanding regulatory mechanisms in stress and immune functions in response to diseases.

7.
Turk J Gastroenterol ; 32(2): 169-177, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33960941

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It has been proposed that hepatitis delta virus (HDV) induces hepatic carcinogenesis by distinct molecular events compared with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) that is commonly induced by other hepatitis viruses. This study aimed to explore the underlying mechanism by identifying the key genes for HDV-HCC using bioinformatics analysis. METHODS: The GSE107170 dataset was downloaded and the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were obtained by the online tool GEO2R. Gene otology (GO) functional analyses and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analyses were performed using R packages. The protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed by Search Tool for the Retrieval of Interacting Genes/Proteins (STRING). Hub genes were selected by Cytoscape software according to degree algorithm. The hub genes were further validated in terms of expression and survival analysis based on public databases. RESULTS: A total of 93 commonly upregulated genes and 36 commonly downregulated genes were found. The top 5 upregulated hub genes were TFRC, ACTR2, ARPC1A, ARPC3, and ARPC2. The top 5 downregulated hub genes were CTNNB1, CCND1, CDKN1B, CDK4, and CDKN1A. In the validation analysis, the expressions of ARPC1A, ARPC3, and CDK4 were promoted in general liver cancer samples. Higher expressions of ARPC2 and CDK4 and lower expressions of CDKN1A, CCND1, and CDKN1B were associated with worse prognosis in general HCC patients. CONCLUSION: The present study identifies a series of key genes that may be involved in the carcinogenesis of HDV-HCC and used as prognostic factors.

8.
PLoS One ; 16(4): e0250259, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33861767

RESUMO

Current cloud computing causes serious restrictions to safeguarding users' data privacy. Since users' sensitive data is submitted in unencrypted forms to remote machines possessed and operated by untrusted service providers, users' sensitive data may be leaked by service providers. Program obfuscation shows the unique advantages that it can provide for cloud computing. In this paper, we construct an encrypted threshold signature functionality, which can outsource the threshold signing rights of users to cloud server securely by applying obfuscation, while revealing no more sensitive information. The obfuscator is proven to satisfy the average case virtual black box property and existentially unforgeable under the decisional linear (DLIN) assumption and computational Diffie-Hellman (CDH) assumption in the standard model. Moreover, we implement our scheme using the Java pairing-based cryptography library on a laptop.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33904131

RESUMO

China's green growth has shown a trend of fluctuation year by year. Simultaneously, Chinese local governments have pursued simple economic growth driven by the interests of "political competition" for a long time, while the supervision of the ecological environment has been loosened and tightened. In this environment, financial development and technological innovation may easily become the accelerator of this phenomenon, thus exacerbating the fluctuation of green growth. To deeply excavate the key factors to achieve stable and sustained growth of green economy, based on the annual panel data of 30 provinces in China from 2011 to 2018, this paper studies the impact of financial development and technological innovation on the volatility of green growth using dynamic system GMM method. The findings of this paper are shown as follows: First, the expansion of financial institutions' scale will significantly enhance the volatility of green growth. Second, the increase in the scale of the stock market will also significantly cause green growth fluctuations. Third, the interaction between financial development and technological innovation can significantly weaken the volatility of green growth. Fourth, financial development measured by stock market indicators is more efficient than financial development measured by financial institutions indicators to curb the volatility of green growth. Fifth, the fluctuation of green growth in the previous period will reduce the volatility of green growth in the current period. This study provides new evidence for exploring the power source to promote the stability and sustainable growth of the green economy in the special stage of financial and technological integration. Controlling the development scale of financial institutions and removing their state preferences, expanding the development of capital markets, and deepening the integration of financial development and technological innovation are conducive to achieve stable green growth.

11.
Pestic Biochem Physiol ; 174: 104823, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33838716

RESUMO

Conventional and volatile pyrethroids are widely used to control the vectors of dengue arboviral diseases, Aedes albopictus in China. The development of resistance to conventional pyrethroids has become an increasing problem, potentially affecting the use of volatile pyrethroid. The Ae. albopictus dimefluthrin-resistant (R) strain by selecting the field population with dimefluthrin were investigated the multiple and cross-resistance levels between conventional and volatile pyrethroids and analyzed both target-site and metabolic resistant mechanisms to dimefluthrin compared with three volatile pyrethroids metofluthrin, meperfluthrin and esbiothrin and type II pyrethroid deltamethrin. The R strain displayed moderate to low resistance to selected pyrethroids (dimefluthrin, metofluthrin, meperfluthrin, esbiothrin and deltamethrin) associated with metabolic enzymes, but less distinctly to selected pyrethroids (dimefluthrin and metofluthrin) associated with a high frequency of sodium channel gene mutation (F1534S). Profiles of the multiple and cross-resistance of the R strain to other three volatile pyrethroids and type II pyrethroid deltamethrin were detected. Both synergistic and enzyme activity studies indicated that multifunctional oxidase (MFO) played an important role in this resistance.


Assuntos
Aedes , Inseticidas , Piretrinas , Aedes/genética , Animais , China , Resistência a Inseticidas/genética , Inseticidas/farmacologia , Mosquitos Vetores , Piretrinas/farmacologia
12.
Med Phys ; 2021 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33890681

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The low-dose computed tomography (CT) imaging can reduce the damage caused by x-ray radiation to the human body. However, low-dose CT images have a different degree of artifacts than conventional CT images, and their resolution is lower than that of conventional CT images, which can affect disease diagnosis by clinicians. Therefore, methods for noise-level reduction and resolution improvement in low-dose CT images have inevitably become a research hotspot in the field of low-dose CT imaging. METHODS: In this paper, residual attention modules (RAMs) are incorporated into the residual encoder-decoder convolutional neural network (RED-CNN) and generative adversarial network with Wasserstein distance (WGAN) to learn features that are beneficial to improving the performances of denoising networks, and developed models are denoted as RED-CNN-RAM and WGAN-RAM, respectively. In detail, RAM is composed of a multi-scale convolution module and an attention module built on the residual network architecture, where the attention module consists of a channel attention module and a spatial attention module. The residual network architecture solves the problem of network degradation with increased network depth. The function of the attention module is to learn which features are beneficial to reduce the noise level of low-dose CT images to reduce the loss of detail in the final denoising images, which is also the key point of the proposed algorithms. RESULTS: To develop a robust network for low-dose CT image denoising, multidose-level torso phantom images provided by a cooperating equipment vendor are used to train the network, which can improve the network's adaptability to clinical application. In addition, a clinical dataset is used to test the network's migration capabilities and clinical applicability. The experimental results demonstrate that these proposed networks can effectively remove noise and artifacts from multidose CT scans. Subjective and objective analyses of multiple groups of comparison experiments show that the proposed networks achieve good noise suppression performance while preserving the image texture details. CONCLUSION: In this study, two deep learning network models are developed using multidose-level CT images acquired from a commercial spiral CT scanner. The two network models can reduce and even remove streaking artifacts, and noise from low-dose CT images confirms the effectiveness of the proposed algorithms.

13.
BMJ Open ; 11(3): e043450, 2021 03 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33762233

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Primary prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and stroke often fails due to poor adherence among patients to evidence-based prevention recommendations. The proper formatting of messages portraying CVD and stroke risks and interventional benefits may promote individuals' perception and motivation, adherence to healthy plans and eventual success in achieving risk control. The main objective of this study is to determine whether risk and intervention communication strategies (gain-framed vs loss-framed and long-term vs short-term contexts) and potential interaction thereof have different effects on the optimisation of adherence to clinical preventive management for the endpoint of CVD risk reduction among subjects with at least one CVD risk factor. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This trial is designed as a 2×2 factorial, observer-blinded multicentre randomised controlled study with four parallel groups. Trial participants are aged 45-80 years and have at least one CVD risk factor. Based on sample size calculations for primary outcome, we plan to enrol 15 000 participants. Data collection will occur at baseline, 6 months and 1 year after randomisation. The primary outcomes are changes in the estimated 10-year CVD risk, estimated lifetime CVD risk and estimated CVD-free life expectancy from baseline to the 1-year follow-up. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This study received approval from the Ethical Committee of West China Hospital, Sichuan University and will be disseminated via peer-reviewed publications and conference presentations. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT04450888.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Comunicação em Saúde , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , China , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Motivação , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/prevenção & controle
14.
Eur Radiol ; 2021 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33677645

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) and autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) are diseases with a highly analogous visual presentation that are difficult to distinguish by imaging. The purpose of this research was to create a radiomics-based prediction model using dual-time PET/CT imaging for the noninvasive classification of PDAC and AIP lesions. METHODS: This retrospective study was performed on 112 patients (48 patients with AIP and 64 patients with PDAC). All cases were confirmed by imaging and clinical follow-up, and/or pathology. A total of 502 radiomics features were extracted from the dual-time PET/CT images to develop a radiomics decision model. An additional 12 maximum intensity projection (MIP) features were also calculated to further improve the radiomics model. The optimal radiomics feature set was selected by support vector machine recursive feature elimination (SVM-RFE), and the final classifier was built using a linear SVM. The performance of the proposed dual-time model was evaluated using nested cross-validation for accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, and area under the curve (AUC). RESULTS: The final prediction model was developed from a combination of the SVM-RFE and linear SVM with the required quantitative features. The multimodal and multidimensional features performed well for classification (average AUC: 0.9668, accuracy: 89.91%, sensitivity: 85.31%, specificity: 96.04%). CONCLUSIONS: The radiomics model based on 2-[18F]fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (2-[18F]FDG) PET/CT dual-time images provided promising performance for discriminating between patients with benign AIP and malignant PDAC lesions, which shows its potential for use as a diagnostic tool for clinical decision-making. KEY POINTS: • The clinical symptoms and imaging visual presentations of PDAC and AIP are highly similar, and accurate differentiation of PDAC and AIP lesions is difficult. • Radiomics features provided a potential noninvasive method for differentiation of AIP from PDAC. • The diagnostic performance of the proposed radiomics model indicates its potential to assist doctors in making treatment decisions.

15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(12): e24324, 2021 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33761632

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: To evaluate the feasibility of utilizing ultrasonography to monitor the fracture reduction and elastic intramedullary nail fixation processes in treating children with double forearm fractures. A retrospective analysis of 30 children with double forearm fractures treated at our hospital between January 2016 and July 2018. The children were aged 3 to 10 years. All patients were treated with closed reduction and internal fixation with elastic intramedullary nails using intraoperative ultrasound monitoring and intermittent radiographic imaging. The closed reduction and fixation were successful in all patients. The operation times ranged from 16 to 30 minutes, averaging 21 minutes. No neurovascular injuries occurred during closed reduction and nail insertion. Moreover, closed reduction was successful in the first attempt in 86.7% of patients. All patient outcomes were optimal, lacking serious complications during follow-ups. Intraoperative ultrasound monitoring can clearly show the shape and changes in fracture ends, distal growth plates, and surrounding soft tissues, and fracture reduction and passage of elastic nail processes at fracture ends during closed reduction; therefore, visualizing closed reductions can be achieved. The combination of intraoperative ultrasound and radiographic imaging can ensure operative effects and significantly reduce radiation exposure for both doctors and patients. An adequately powered prospective randomized trial is required to confirm our findings.


Assuntos
Antebraço/diagnóstico por imagem , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas/instrumentação , Monitorização Intraoperatória/métodos , Fraturas do Rádio/cirurgia , Fraturas da Ulna/cirurgia , Pinos Ortopédicos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Redução Fechada , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Radiografia , Rádio (Anatomia)/diagnóstico por imagem , Rádio (Anatomia)/lesões , Rádio (Anatomia)/cirurgia , Fraturas do Rádio/complicações , Fraturas do Rádio/diagnóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Ulna/diagnóstico por imagem , Ulna/lesões , Ulna/cirurgia , Fraturas da Ulna/complicações , Fraturas da Ulna/diagnóstico , Ultrassonografia
16.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(6): 1410-1416, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33787139

RESUMO

The extract rates, multicomponent content and fingerprint were determined in this study to investigate the quality diffe-rence between standard decoction of raw Paeoniae Radix Alba and fried Paeoniae Radix Alba. UPLC fingerprint was established for 17 batches of standard decoction of raw and fried Paeoniae Radix Alba, and the contents of gallic acid, catechin, albiflorin, paeoniflorin and benzoyl paeoniflorin were determined. The peak areas of standard decoction were analyzed by the independent t-test and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis. There was no significant difference in extract rates between the standard decoction of raw and fried Paeoniae Radix Alba. After fried processing, the content of albiflorin increased by 0.26%, while the contents of gallic acid, catechin, paeoniflorin and benzoyl paeoniflorin decreased by 13.04%, 27.97%, 10.30% and 18.79% respectively. There were 14 common peaks in the fingerprint of standard decoction of raw Paeoniae Radix Alba, and 16 common peaks in the fried Paeoniae Radix Alba. Peak 1 and peak 3 were new ones after processing, among which the peak 3 was 5-hydroxymethylfurfural. The results showed that peak 1, peak 3, peak 11 and peak 15 were the key compounds to distinguish standard decoction of raw and fried Paeoniae Radix Alba. In conclusion, this method is stable and can be used for the study of quantity transfer and quality control in the preparation process of standard decoction, granules and other dosage forms for raw and fried Paeoniae Radix Alba, providing reference for the identification of raw and fried Paeoniae Radix Alba and related preparations.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Paeonia , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Controle de Qualidade , Padrões de Referência
17.
Theranostics ; 11(8): 3981-3995, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33664876

RESUMO

Salmonella typhimurium (S. typhimurium) infection of macrophage induces NLRC4 inflammasome-mediated production of the pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1ß. Post-translational modifications on NLRC4 are critical for its activation. Sirtuin3 (SIRT3) is the most thoroughly studied mitochondrial nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) -dependent deacetylase. We wondered whether SIRT3 mediated-deacetylation could take part in NLRC4 inflammasome activation. Methods: We initially tested IL-1ß production and pyroptosis after cytosolic transfection of flagellin or S. typhimurium infection in wild type and SIRT3-deficient primary peritoneal macrophages via immunoblotting and ELISA assay. These results were confirmed in SIRT3-deficient immortalized bone marrow derived macrophages (iBMDMs) which were generated by CRISPR-Cas9 technology. In addition, in vivo experiments were conducted to confirm the role of SIRT3 in S. typhimurium-induced cytokines production. Then NLRC4 assembly was analyzed by immune-fluorescence assay and ASC oligomerization assay. Immunoblotting, ELISA and flow cytometry were performed to clarify the role of SIRT3 in NLRP3 and AIM2 inflammasomes activation. To further investigate the mechanism of SIRT3 in NLRC4 activation, co-immunoprecipitation (Co-IP), we did immunoblot, cellular fractionation and in-vitro deacetylation assay. Finally, to clarify the acetylation sites of NLRC4, we performed liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) and immunoblotting analysis. Results: SIRT3 deficiency led to significantly impaired NLRC4 inflammasome activation and pyroptosis both in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, SIRT3 promotes NLRC4 inflammasome assembly by inducing more ASC speck formation and ASC oligomerization. However, SIRT3 is dispensable for NLRP3 and AIM2 inflammasome activation. Moreover, SIRT3 interacts with and deacetylates NLRC4 to promote its activation. Finally, we proved that deacetylation of NLRC4 at Lys71 or Lys272 could promote its activation. Conclusions: Our study reveals that SIRT3 mediated-deacetylation of NLRC4 is pivotal for NLRC4 activation and the acetylation switch of NLRC4 may aid the clearance of S. typhimurium infection.

18.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 594: 47-53, 2021 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33756367

RESUMO

Near-infrared InxGa1-xAs photocathode with better optoelectronic properties is a good candidate for low-light-level (LLL) night-vision system. However, the residual gases in the ultra-high vacuum (UHV) system inevitably affects the stability and photo-emission performance of LLL photoelectric devices such as their quantum efficiency and life-time. In this study, the first-principles calculations were used to investigate the adsorption effect of five different residual gas species, including H2, CH4, CO, H2O and CO2 on Cs-sensitized In0.53Ga0.47As (001) ß2 (2 × 4) surface. The study results indicate that CO2 gas molecule is the most easily attached to the Cs-sensitized surface. The adsorption of residual gases leads to the formation of a new dipole pointing from inner Cs atoms to gas molecules. It makes the charge center of the adsorbates escape from the surface, which weakens the interaction between the inner Cs atoms and the clean surface. This results in the increase of the surface work function and degradation of the performance of photoelectric devices. Also, the adsorption of residual gas molecules influences the absorption and reflection coefficients of Cs-sensitized In0.53Ga0.47As (001) ß2 (2 × 4) surface.

19.
FEBS Open Bio ; 11(5): 1343-1352, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33665967

RESUMO

Acquired and intrinsic radioresistance remains a major challenge during the treatment of patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). Aberrant cholesterol metabolism precipitates the development of multiple cancers. Here, we report that exogenous or endogenous cholesterol enhances the radioresistance of CRC cells. The addition of cholesterol protects CRC cells against irradiation both in vitro and in vivo. Sterol response element-binding protein 1/fatty acid synthase (SREBP1/FASN) signaling is rapidly increased in response to radiation stimuli, resulting in cholesterol accumulation, cell proliferation and inhibition of apoptosis. Blocking the SREBP1/FASN pathway impedes cholesterol synthesis and accelerates radiation-induced CRC cell death. Our findings provide novel insights into the role of the SREBP1/FASN/cholesterol axis in radiotherapy and suggest that it may be a potential target for CRC treatment. Clinically, our results suggest that CRC patients undergoing radiotherapy may benefit from a lowered cholesterol intake.

20.
New Phytol ; 230(6): 2148-2153, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33704791

RESUMO

Plants are able to adjust phenotype in response to changes in the environment. This system depends on an internal capacity to sense environmental conditions and to process this information to plant response. Recent studies have pointed to mitochondria and plastids as important environmental sensors, capable of perceiving stressful conditions and triggering gene expression, epigenomic, metabolic and phytohormone changes in the plant. These processes involve integrated gene networks that ultimately modulate the energy balance between growth and plant defense. This review attempts to link several unusual recent findings into a comprehensive hypothesis for the regulation of plant phenotypic plasticity.


Assuntos
Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Plantas , Mitocôndrias , Fenótipo , Plastídeos
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...