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1.
Acta Cir Bras ; 34(6): e201900609, 2019 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31433000

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The research is intended for clarification of the efficacy as well as the underlying mechanism of GSK-3ß inhibitors on the advancement of acute lung injuries in acute necrotizing pancreatitis (ANP) in rats. METHODS: Seventy-two rats were randomly divided into 6 groups: (1)ANP-vehicle; (2)ANP-TDZD-8;(3)ANP-SB216763;(4)Sham-vehicle;(5)Sham-TDZD-8;(6)Sham-SB216763; Blood biochemical test, histopathological examination and immunohistochemical analysis of rats pancreas and lung tissues were performed. The protein expression of GSK-3ß, phospho-GSK-3ß (Ser9), iNOS, ICAM-1, TNF-α, and IL-10 were detected in lung tissues by Western-blot. RESULTS: The outcomes revealed that the intervention of GSK-3ß inhibitors alleviated the pathological damage of pancreas and lung (P<0.01), reduced serum amylase, lipase, hydrothorax and lung Wet-to-Dry Ratio, attenuated serum concentrations of IL-1ß and IL-6 (P<0.01), inhibited the activation of NF-κB, and abated expression of iNOS, ICAM-1 and TNF-α protein, but up-regulated IL-10 expression in lung of ANP rats (P<0.01). The inflammatory response and various indicators in ANP-TDZD-8 groups were lower than those in ANP-SB216763 groups. CONCLUSIONS: Inhibition of GSK-3ß weakens acute lung injury related to ANP via the inhibitory function of NF-κB signaling pathway. Different kinds of GSK-3ß inhibitors have different effects to ANP acute lung injury.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/prevenção & controle , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/antagonistas & inibidores , Pancreatite Necrosante Aguda/complicações , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/etiologia , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/metabolismo , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/patologia , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Imuno-Histoquímica , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Masculino , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Pancreatite Necrosante Aguda/patologia , Fosforilação , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Transdução de Sinais , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
2.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 75: 105821, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31437787

RESUMO

Mounting evidence has demonstrated that acute pancreatitis (AP) is one of the causes of multiple organ damage. NADPH (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate) act as a substrate of NADPH oxidase (NOX) to generate reactive oxygen species (ROS), but the role NADPH oxidase signaling pathway plays in AP-induced acute lung injury remains unclear. Apocynin, an inhibitor of NOX, is highly effective in suppressing the production of ROS. Here, we used rat model of severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) to explore whether the NOX inhibitor apocynin produced protective effects in against SAP-induced lung injury via inhibition of inflammation and oxidation. We observed that apocynin significantly attenuated severe acute pancreatitis-induced increase of NOX2, NOX4 and ROS expressions in lung tissues. In addition, the phosphorylation and degradation of IκBα, and the nuclear localization of NF-κB p65 in SAP-induced lung injury were also inhibited after using apocynin. Simultaneously, down-regulation of NOX suppressed the levels of inflammasome proteins including NLRP3, ASC, pro-Caspase-1 and cleaved-Caspase-1 in the lung. Serum levels of TNF-α, interleukin (IL)-1ß and IL-6 were also reduced. Our findings suggest that beyond anti-oxidative effects, apocynin may also have anti-inflammatory effects by suppressing NLRP3 inflammasome activation and NF-κB signaling in acute pancreatitis. Therefore, apocynin may have therapeutic potential in the treatment of SAP and SAP-induced lung injury.

3.
Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue ; 31(6): 719-724, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31315730

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the protective mechanism of glycogen synthase kinase-3ß (GSK-3ß) inhibitor TDZD-8 on acute necrotizing pancreatitis (ANP) associated kidney injury in rats. METHODS: SPF male Wistar rats were randomly divided into four groups (n = 20): sham operation group (Sham group), ANP model group, TDZD-8 intervention group and TDZD-8 control group. The rat ANP model was prepared by retrograde injection of 5% sodium taurocholate into the bile duct; the same volume of normal saline was injected into the pancreatic duct of the Sham group. The TDZD-8 intervention group and the TDZD-8 control group were injected with GSK-3ß inhibitor TDZD-8 (1 mL/kg) via the femoral vein 30 minutes before the model or sham operation; the ANP model group and the Sham group were injected equal volume of 10% dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO). Rats in each group were sacrificed at 12 hours after operation to measure the serum amylase (AMY), blood lipase (LIPA), serum creatinine (SCr) and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) levels and to observe the pathological changes of pancreatic tissues and kidney tissues. Ultrastructural change of renal cells was analyzed by transmission electron microscopy. Serum interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels were evaluated by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The activation of nuclear factor-ΚBp65 (NF-ΚBp65) was evaluated by immunohistochemistry assay. The protein expressions of GSK-3ß, phospho-GSK-3ß (Ser 9), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and interleukin-10 (IL-10) in the kidney were determined by Western Blot. RESULTS: Compared with the Sham group, the serum and inflammatory factors levels of the ANP model group were significantly increased, the pathological damage of the pancreas and kidney tissues were severe, the histopathological score was significantly increased, the expression of NF-ΚBp65 was enhanced in the nucleus of the kidney tissue, and the expressions of GSK-3ß, TNF-α, ICAM-1 and iNOS were significantly enhanced, and the expressions of p-GSK-3ß(Ser 9) and IL-10 were significantly attenuated. Compared with the ANP model group, TDZD-8 pretreatment significantly reduced serum and inflammatory factor levels in the ANP model group [AMY (kU/L): 5.60±0.30 vs. 10.07±0.34, LIPA (U/L): 1 111.0±110.8 vs. 2 375.0±51.1, SCr (µmol/L): 47.38±1.48 vs. 72.50±2.43, BUN (mmol/L): 17.6±1.0 vs. 26.0±1.0, IL-1ß (ng/L): 195.90±5.50 vs. 332.40±38.29, IL-6 (ng/L): 246.10±26.74 vs. 385.30±32.19, all P < 0.01]; pathological damage of pancreas and kidney tissue (histopathological score: 7.1±0.4 vs. 12.1±0.3, 301.2±7.5 vs. 433.5±13.8, both P < 0.01) and ultrastructural damage of renal cells were alleviated; the expression of NF-ΚBp65 in the nucleus was significantly decreased; the expression of p-GSK-3ß (Ser 9) was significantly increased, and blocking GSK-3ß activity could inhibit the expressions of TNF-α, ICAM-1, iNOS and increase the expression of IL-10, while the expression of GSK-3ß in renal tissues was not statistically significant. There were no significant differences between the TDZD-8 control group and the Sham group. CONCLUSIONS: Blockade of GSK-3ß activity by TDZD-8 exerts the protective effect against kidney injury by inhibiting the inflammation signaling pathway in ANP. It can alleviate histopathological and ultrastructural changes in kidney injury, which protection mechanism is mediated by NF-ΚB and its related inflammatory mediators.


Assuntos
Lesão Renal Aguda/metabolismo , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/antagonistas & inibidores , Pancreatite Necrosante Aguda/metabolismo , Animais , Masculino , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
4.
J Cell Physiol ; 2019 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30712321

RESUMO

Pancreatic cancer is a serious solid malignant tumor worldwide. Increasing evidence has pointed out that abnormal expressions of long noncoding RNAs are involved in various tumors. Meanwhile, LINC00052 is reported as a famous tumor regulator in several cancers. Nevertheless, the biological role of LINC00052 in pancreatic cancer progression is still unknown. Our study was to explore the specific mechanism of LINC00052 in pancreatic cancer. First, we observed that the LINC00052 was obviously downregulated in several pancreatic cancer cell lines. Overexpression of LINC00052 greatly repressed AsPC-1 and SW1990 cell proliferation, triggered the apoptosis and prevented cell cycle in the G1 phase. For another, AsPC-1 and SW1990 cell migration and invasion capacity were also obviously repressed by LINC00052 upregulation. Moreover, miR-330-3p was elevated in pancreatic cancer cells and can function as a target of LINC00052 confirmed by luciferase reporter and RNA Immunoprecipitation (RIP) experiments. Inhibition of miR-330-3p could depress pancreatic cancer progression while overexpressed miR-330-3p exhibited an opposite process. Finally, our data indicated that the LINC00052 also remarkably suppressed pancreatic tumor growth via modulating miR-330-3p in vivo. To conclude, our study revealed that the LINC00052 might provide a new perspective for pancreatic cancer therapy.

5.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(6): e201900609, 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1019266

RESUMO

Abstract Purpose The research is intended for clarification of the efficacy as well as the underlying mechanism of GSK-3β inhibitors on the advancement of acute lung injuries in acute necrotizing pancreatitis (ANP) in rats. Methods Seventy-two rats were randomly divided into 6 groups: (1)ANP-vehicle; (2)ANP-TDZD-8;(3)ANP-SB216763;(4)Sham-vehicle;(5)Sham-TDZD-8;(6)Sham-SB216763; Blood biochemical test, histopathological examination and immunohistochemical analysis of rats pancreas and lung tissues were performed. The protein expression of GSK-3β, phospho-GSK-3β (Ser9), iNOS, ICAM-1, TNF-α, and IL-10 were detected in lung tissues by Western-blot. Results The outcomes revealed that the intervention of GSK-3β inhibitors alleviated the pathological damage of pancreas and lung (P<0.01), reduced serum amylase, lipase, hydrothorax and lung Wet-to-Dry Ratio, attenuated serum concentrations of IL-1β and IL-6 (P<0.01), inhibited the activation of NF-κB, and abated expression of iNOS, ICAM-1 and TNF-α protein, but up-regulated IL-10 expression in lung of ANP rats (P<0.01). The inflammatory response and various indicators in ANP-TDZD-8 groups were lower than those in ANP-SB216763 groups. Conclusions Inhibition of GSK-3β weakens acute lung injury related to ANP via the inhibitory function of NF-κB signaling pathway. Different kinds of GSK-3β inhibitors have different effects to ANP acute lung injury.

6.
J Biol Chem ; 293(27): 10606-10619, 2018 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29802196

RESUMO

The histone demethylase Jumonji domain containing 1A (JMJD1A) is overexpressed in multiple tumors and promotes cancer progression. JMJD1A has been shown to promote colorectal cancer (CRC) progression, but its molecular role in CRC is unclear. Here, we report that JMJD1A is overexpressed in CRC specimens and that its expression is positively correlated with that of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA). JMJD1A knockdown decreased the expression of proliferative genes such as c-Myc, cyclin D1, and PCNA, suppressed CRC cell proliferation, arrested cell cycle progression, and reduced xenograft tumorigenesis. Furthermore, JMJD1A knockdown inhibited CRC cell migration, invasion, and lung metastasis by decreasing matrix metallopeptidase 9 (MMP9) expression and enzymatic activity. Moreover, bioinformatics analysis of GEO profile datasets revealed that JMJD1A expression in human CRC specimens is positively correlated with the expression of Wnt/ß-catenin target genes, including c-Myc, cyclin D1, and MMP9. Mechanistically, JMJD1A enhanced Wnt/ß-catenin signaling by promoting ß-catenin expression and interacting with ß-catenin to enhance its transactivation. JMJD1A removed the methyl groups of H3K9me2 at the promoters of c-Myc and MMP9 genes. In contrast, the JMJD1AH1120Y variant, which lacked demethylase activity, did not demethylate H3K9me2 at these promoters, failed to assist ß-catenin to induce the expression of Wnt/ß-catenin target genes, and failed to promote CRC progression. These findings suggest that JMJD1A's demethylase activity is required for Wnt/ß-catenin activation. Of note, high JMJD1A levels in CRC specimens predicted poor cancer outcomes. In summary, JMJD1A promotes CRC progression by enhancing Wnt/ß-catenin signaling, implicating JMJD1A as a potential molecular target for CRC management.

7.
Oncotarget ; 8(53): 90979-90995, 2017 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29207618

RESUMO

The inhibition of extracellular inflammatory peroxiredoxin (Prx) signaling appears to be a potential therapeutic strategy for neuroinflammatory injury after acute ischemic stroke. Gastrodin (Gas) is a phenolic glycoside that is used for the treatment of cerebral ischemia, accompanied by regulation of the autoimmune inflammatory response. The present study investigated the neuroprotective effects of Gas and its derivative, Gas-D, with a focus on the potential mechanism associated with inflammatory Prx-Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) signaling. Gas-D significantly inhibited Prx1-, Prx2-, and Prx4-induced inflammatory responses in RAW264.7 macrophages and H2O2-mediated oxidative injury in SH-SY5Y nerve cells. In rats, intraperitoneal Gas-D administration 10 h after reperfusion following 2-h middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) ameliorated neurological deficits, brain infarction, and neuropathological alterations, including neuron loss, astrocyte and microglia/macrophage activation, T-lymphocyte invasion, and lipid peroxidation. Delayed Gas-D treatment significantly inhibited postischemic Prx1/2/4 expression and spillage, TLR4 signaling activation, and inflammatory mediator production. In contrast, Gas had no significant effects in either cell model or in MCAO rats under the same conditions. These results indicate that Gas-D may be a drug candidate with an extended therapeutic time window that blocks inflammatory responses and attenuates the expression and secretome of inflammatory Prxs in acute ischemic stroke.

8.
Environ Toxicol ; 30(9): 1063-72, 2015 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24604693

RESUMO

Polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) quinones are known to cause toxic effects, but their mechanisms are quite unclear. In this study, we examined whether 2,3,5-trichloro-6-phenyl-[1,4]benzoquinone, PCB29-pQ, induces cell death via apoptosis pathway. Our result showed PCB29-pQ exposure decreased HepG2 cell viability in a time-dependent manner. Lactate dehydrogenase leakage assay also implied the cytotoxicity of PCB29-pQ. 4',6-Diamidino-2-phenylindole dihydrochloride staining and flow cytometry assays both confirmed PCB29-pQ caused dose-dependent apoptotic cell death in HepG2 cells. Furthermore, we found that PCB29-pQ exposure increased cellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) level, decreased mitochondrial membrane potential and induced the translocation of cytochrome c from mitochondria into cytosol in HepG2 cells. Moreover, PCB29-pQ exposure induced B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) downregulation and Bcl-2-associated X (Bax) upregulation, poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase cleavage, accompanied with the increased caspase-3/9 and p53 expressions. Taking together, these results suggested PCB29-pQ induced HepG2 cells apoptosis through a ROS-driven, mitochondrial-mediated and caspase-dependent pathway.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Benzoquinonas/toxicidade , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Bifenilos Policlorados/toxicidade , Benzoquinonas/química , Caspase 9/metabolismo , Citocromos c/metabolismo , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Potencial da Membrana Mitocondrial/efeitos dos fármacos , Poli(ADP-Ribose) Polimerases/metabolismo , Bifenilos Policlorados/química , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/metabolismo
9.
Pharmazie ; 69(8): 615-20, 2014 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25158573

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Platelet activation plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of thrombosis, which can lead to fatal diseases such as myocardial or cerebral infarction, and atherosclerosis. The present study focused on investigating the effect of CAPE-NO2 against collagen-induced platelet aggregation. METHODS: Caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) is an active component in propolis. CAPE-NO2 is a nitro derivative of CAPE. Its effects on rat platelet aggregation induced by collagen were tested in vitro and the potential mechanisms underlying the activities were investigated. RESULTS: CAPE-NO2 significantly inhibited collagen-induced platelet aggregation in a concentration-dependent manner. It also reduced TXB2 formation and COX-1 activity in collagen-activated platelets. Moreover, CAPE-NO2 caused an increase in NO production and cGMP levels and attenuated 5-HT release in the collagen-activated platelets. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that the inhibitory mechanism of CAPE-NO2 on collagen-induced platelet aggregation might be associated with the down-regulation of TXB2, COX-1 and 5-HT and the elevation of NO and cGMP production. These indicators are closely related to platelet function. So CAPE-NO2 may be a promising candidate for the extension of the current spectrum of antiplatelet drugs.


Assuntos
Ácidos Cafeicos/farmacologia , Colágeno/antagonistas & inibidores , Colágeno/farmacologia , Álcool Feniletílico/análogos & derivados , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/síntese química , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/farmacologia , Agregação Plaquetária/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Plaquetas/efeitos dos fármacos , Plaquetas/metabolismo , Ácidos Cafeicos/síntese química , Ácidos Cafeicos/química , AMP Cíclico/biossíntese , Ciclo-Oxigenase 1/biossíntese , Técnicas In Vitro , Indicadores e Reagentes , Masculino , Óxido Nítrico/sangue , Álcool Feniletílico/síntese química , Álcool Feniletílico/química , Álcool Feniletílico/farmacologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Serotonina/sangue , Tromboxano B2/biossíntese
10.
Int J Food Sci ; 2013: 909140, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26904614

RESUMO

Peanut allergy affects 1-2% of the world's population. It is dangerous, and usually lifelong, and it greatly decreases the life quality of peanut-allergic individuals and their families. In a word, peanut allergy has become a major health concern worldwide. Thirteen peanut allergens are identified, and they are briefly introduced in this paper. Although there is no feasible solution to peanut allergy at present, many methods have shown great promise. This paper reviews methods of reducing peanut allergenicity, including physical methods (heat and pressure, PUV), chemical methods (tannic acid and magnetic beads), and biological methods (conventional breeding, irradiation breeding, genetic engineering, enzymatic treatment, and fermentation).

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