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1.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1179: 71-107, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31741334

RESUMO

More than 95% of adult infected with HBV show acute self-limited infection and eventually eliminate the virus. In contrast, about 90% of people exposed to HBV in early childhood develop chronic infection. The specificity of the virus and the host's antiviral immune responses together determine the outcome of HBV infection. It is generally believed that viral genome variation, viral titers, and inhibition of viral components against the host immune system are associated with persistent infection and liver damage. The dysfunction of innate immune cells (NK cells, monocyte/macrophages, NKT cells, etc.) and adaptive immune cells (antigen-presenting cells, T cells, B cells) is a key factor leading to virus clearance failure and liver inflammation. In this chapter, we summarize these viral factors and host factors in acute and chronic hepatitis B and update recent understanding of the immune-tolerant phase and pathological mechanisms associated with age and vertical transmission. This will help us to understand more fully the mechanisms of chronic HBV infection and liver injury and to develop combined treatment strategies of direct antiviral drugs for HBV life cycle and immunomodulators.


Assuntos
Vírus da Hepatite B , Hepatite B , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Hepatite B/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatite B/imunologia , Hepatite B/patologia , Hepatite B/virologia , Vírus da Hepatite B/genética , Vírus da Hepatite B/imunologia , Hepatite B Crônica/imunologia , Hepatite B Crônica/patologia , Hepatite B Crônica/virologia , Humanos , Carga Viral
2.
J Cell Biochem ; 2019 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31736157

RESUMO

Matrine, also known as oxymatrine, is an important active ingredient of traditional Chinese herb Sophora flavescens. Recent studies have found that matrine may inhibit multiple tumors through inhibiting the tumor cell proliferation, inducing cell apoptosis, blocking cell cycle, suppressing cell invasion and migration and assisting in the synergy, and attenuation of radiotherapy and chemotherapy. This study mainly investigated the role of matrine in gastric cancer and its possible mechanism. The real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction technique showed that matrine inhibited the proliferation and migration of gastric tumor cells and significantly suppressed the expression of miR-93-5p. The dual-luciferase reporter gene assay indicated that AHNAK was a target gene of miR-93-5p and regulated by miR-93-5p and matrine. The torsion test demonstrated that matrine exerted its role via miR-93-5p while miR-93-5p played a role by targeting AHNAK. Thus, this study found that matrine affected the progression of gastric cancer by inhibiting the function of gastric cancer cells through the possible mechanism of inhibiting miR-93-5p expression to increase the expression level of the downstream target gene AHNAK.

3.
Plant J ; 2019 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31733118

RESUMO

Phosphorus (P) is an essential macronutrient required for plant development and production. The mechanisms regulating phosphate (Pi) uptake are well established, but the function of chloroplast Pi homeostasis are poorly understood in rice. PHT2;1 is one of the transporters/translocators mediating Pi import into chloroplasts. In this study, to gain insight into the role of OsPHT2;1-mediated stroma Pi, we analyzed OsPHT2;1 function in Pi utilization and photoprotection. Our results showed that OsPHT2;1 was induced by Pi starvation and light exposure. Cell-based assays showed that OsPHT2;1 localized to the chloroplast envelope and functioned as a low-affinity Pi transporter. The ospht2;1 had reduced Pi accumulation, plant growth and photosynthetic rates. Metabolite profiling revealed that 52.6% of the decreased metabolites in ospht2;1 plants were flavonoids, which was further confirmed by 40% lower content of total flavonoids compared to wild type. As a consequence, ospht2;1 plants were more sensitive to UV-B irradiation. Moreover, the content of phenylalanine, the precursor of flavonoids, was also reduced, and largely associated with the repressed expression of ADT1/MTR1. Furthermore, the ospht2;1 showed decreased grain yields at relatively high levels of UV-B irradiance. In summary, OsPHT2;1 functions as a chloroplast-localized low-affinity Pi transporter that mediates UV tolerance and rice yields in different latitudes.

4.
Chaos ; 29(10): 103150, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31675845

RESUMO

Recently, a large number of studies have concentrated on aging transition, but they have so far been restricted to coupled integer-order oscillators. Here, we report the first study of aging transition in mixed active and inactive fractional-order oscillators. It has been demonstrated that while the heterogeneity is caused by the distance parameter, both the coupling strength and the fractional-order derivative can modulate the critical ratio at which aging transition occurs. In addition, a small fractional-order derivative may ruin the ability of oscillation and, thus, reduce the critical ratio in globally coupled fractional-order Stuart-Landau oscillators. Remarkably, the larger the natural frequency is the more easily the aging transition occurs in coupled fractional-order oscillators. Further studies have shown that, being diverse from an integer-order Stuart-Landau oscillator, the natural frequency may induce a Hopf bifurcation in a fractional-order Stuart-Landau oscillator, accordingly, introducing a new heterogeneity in the coupled fractional-order Stuart-Landau oscillators. Therein, a counterintuitive phenomenon has been found that the critical ratio depends unmonotonously on the coupling strength, which implies that the coupled fractional-order Stuart-Landau oscillators possess the weakest robustness of oscillation at a certain level of coupling strength.

5.
Bioresour Technol ; 296: 122290, 2019 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31677404

RESUMO

Three-dimensional biofilm electrode reactors (3D-BERs) with high treatment efficiency were constructed to treat wastewater containing sulfadiazine (SDZ) and ciprofloxacin (CIP) coexposure with Zinc (Zn). The results showed that coexposure to target antibiotics and Zn increased the absolute and relative abundances of target antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs). Additionally, the target ARG abundances were higher on cathode of 3D-BER compared with ordinary anaerobic reactor while the abundances of total ARGs were decreased in the effluent. Meanwhile, redundancy analysis results revealed that the composition of bacteria carrying ARGs was greatly influenced in the cathode by the accumulation of Zn and antibiotic, which dominated the changes of ARG abundances. Additionally, ARGs with their host bacteria revealed by network analysis were partially deposited on electrode substrates when being removed from wastewater. Thus, 3D-BER exhibits capability of simultaneously eliminating antibiotic and Zn, and greatly reduces the risks of ARGs spread.

6.
Bioresour Technol ; : 122352, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31708385

RESUMO

The aim of this work was to study reverse solute flux (RSF) from osmotic membrane bioreactor (OMBR) and consequent solute buildup in the feed side. A polyelectrolyte (PAA-Na) served as a draw solute (DS) to minimize RSF in OMBRs. In addition, a bioelectrochemical system (BES) was employed to drive accumulated cations from the feed/anode side into the cathode compartment, subsequently achieving PAA-Na DS recovery with the aid of high catholyte pH. Compared to the 1 M NH4HCO3 DS, the 0.48 g mL-1 PAA-Na DS produced consistently stable water flux, enhanced water recovery and increased ammonium removal efficiency. Due to a dynamic balance between PAA removal and continuing RSF, the residual PAA concentration was 72 mg L-1 on the feed side (27.0% of TOC). These results demonstrate the advantages of integrating a PAA-Na DS with a BES to mitigate RSF and to support further development of OMBR technology.

7.
J BUON ; 24(4): 1568-1573, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31646810

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the significance of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) combined with tumor markers in the differential diagnosis of pancreatic cancer (PC) and pseudotumor-like pancreatitis (PLP). METHODS: A total of 186 patients with PC (pancreatic cancer group) and 89 patients with PLP (pseudotumor-like pancreatitis group) were selected as subjects, and another 268 healthy people during the same period were enrolled as control group. Serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) levels of subjects were compared among three groups, these subjects underwent ERCP, and its diagnostic value was analyzed. RESULTS: The levels of serum CEA and CA199 in both PLP and PC group were markedly higher than those in control group and PC group had considerably higher serum CEA and CA19-9 levels in comparison with PLP group (p<0.05). The results of area under curve (AUC) showed that ERCP had the highest diagnostic value, CA19-9 had the lowest diagnostic value, and the combined diagnosis had significantly increased accuracy and sensitivity and decreased specificity. CONCLUSION: The application of ERCP in combination with tumor markers in the differential diagnosis of PC and PLP can evidently improve the diagnostic sensitivity and accuracy, reduce the rate of missed diagnosis of PC, and elevate the survival rate . Therefore, ERCP combined with tumor markers has good application value in clinical practice.

8.
Acta Neurobiol Exp (Wars) ; 79(3): 302-308, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31587022

RESUMO

Preclinical studies have suggested that increased adult neurogenesis in the hippocampus might have potential therapeutic effects for Alzheimer's disease and depression; therefore, it is a target for the treatment of some brain diseases. In this technical communication, we propose a cell-based fluorescence assay to study the neurogenesis of adult hippocampal progenitor cells that can be used for high-throughput screening of drugs promoting neurogenesis. Three fluorescent dyes (DAPI, Alexa Fluor 488, and Alexa Fluor 594) and a fluorescence spectrophotometry reader were used, which confirmed that the mutual interference of the three fluorescent dyes is very low. We used this cell-based fluorescence assay to evaluate the effects of three neurotrophic factors, ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF), insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), and IGF-2 on the promotion of neurogenesis in adult hippocampal neural progenitor cells. The fluorescence intensity ratio of the neuronal marker, class III ß-tubulin, to the housekeeping protein, glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase, or nuclear staining dye, DAPI, in CNTF-treated cells was significantly higher than in control cells. The ratios in IGF-1 and IGF-2-treated cells were slightly higher under higher cell density conditions. These results are consistent with those in previous reports; therefore, this report proved the efficacy of this method. Taken together, the results showed that this simple, rapid, and economical cell-based immunofluorescence assay could be a powerful tool for the rapid screening of drugs that promote adult neurogenesis.

9.
Small ; 15(44): e1902945, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31531961

RESUMO

Studies on distinctive performances and novel applications of amorphous inorganic nanomaterials are becoming attractive. Herein, Ag2 S amorphous and crystalline nanodots (ANDs and CNDs) are prepared via facile methods. In vitro and in vivo studies indicate that Ag2 S ANDs, rather than CNDs, can induce the self-destruction of tumors, which can be attributed to their distinctive chemical properties, e.g., the higher electrochemical active surface area and lower redox potential well matching with the redox reaction requirement in the tumor microenvironment. Ag2 S ANDs can be oxidized by intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) to release Ag+ , which further stimulates high generation of intracellular ROS. This mutual stimulation damages the mitochondria, induces apoptosis, and leads to the self-destruction of the tumor. Moreover, Ag2 S ANDs do not show observable in vitro and in vivo side effects. These findings provide a promising self-destructive strategy for cancer therapy by utilizing distinctive chemical properties of inorganic nanomaterials, while avoiding complicated external assistance.

10.
Water Res ; 165: 114988, 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31442759

RESUMO

This study assessed the influence of substrate type on pollutants removal, antibiotic resistance gene (ARG) fate and bacterial community evolution in up-flow microbial fuel cell constructed wetlands (UCW-MFC) with graphite and Mn ore electrode substrates. Better COD removal and higher bacterial community diversity and electricity generation performance were achieved in Mn ore constructed UCW-MFC (Mn). However, the lower concentration of sulfadiazine (SDZ) and the total abundances of ARGs were obtained in the effluent in the graphite constructed UCW-MFC (s), which may be related to higher graphite adsorption and filter capacity. Notably, both reactors can remove more than 97.8% of ciprofloxacin. In addition, significant negative correlations were observed between SDZ, COD concentration, ARG abundances and bacterial a-diversity indices. The LEfse analysis revealed significantly different bacterial communities due to the substrate differences in the two reactors, and Geobacter, a typical model electro-active bacteria (EAB), was greatly enriched on the anode of UCW-MFC (Mn). In contrast, the relative abundance of methanogens (Methanosaeta) was inhibited. PICRUSt analysis results further demonstrated that the abundance of extracellular electron transfer related functional genes was increased, but the methanogen function genes and multiple antibiotic resistance genes in UCW-MFC (Mn) anode were reduced. Redundancy analyses indicated that substrate type, antibiotic accumulation and bacterial community were the main factors affecting ARGs. Moreover, the potential ARG hosts and the co-occurrence of ARGs and intI1 were revealed by network analysis.


Assuntos
Fontes de Energia Bioelétrica , Grafite , Antibacterianos , Bactérias , Eletrodos , Águas Residuárias , Áreas Alagadas
11.
Plant Cell Physiol ; 2019 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31424513

RESUMO

Phosphorus is one of the most important macronutrients required for plant growth and development. The importance of phosphorylation modification in regulating phosphate (Pi) homeostasis in plants is emerging. We performed phosphoproteomic profiling to characterize proteins whose degree of phosphorylation is altered in response to Pi starvation in rice root. A subset of 554 proteins, including 546 down-phosphorylated and eight up-phosphorylated proteins, exhibited differential phosphorylation in response to Pi starvation. KEGG pathway analysis with the differentially phosphorylated proteins indicated that RNA processing, transport, splicing and translation and carbon metabolism played critical roles in response to Pi starvation in rice. Levels of phosphorylation of four mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) including OsMAPK6, five calcium-dependent protein kinases (CDPKs) and OsCK2ß3 decreased in response to Pi starvation. The decreased phosphorylation level of OsMAPK6 was confirmed by western blotting. Mutation of OsMAPK6 led to Pi accumulation under Pi-sufficient conditions. Motif analysis indicated that the putative MAPK, CK2 and CDPK substrates represented about 54.4%, 21.5% and 4.7%, respectively, of the proteins exhibiting differential phosphorylation. Based on the motif analysis, 191, 151 and 46 candidate substrates for MAPK, CK2 and CDPK were identified. These results indicate that modification of phosphorylation profiles provides complementary information on Pi-starvation-induced processes, with CK2, MAPK and CDPK protein kinase families playing key roles in these processes in rice.

12.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 518(3): 560-564, 2019 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31451221

RESUMO

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune inflammatory disease. The imbalance of T helper type 1 (Th1) and Th2 immune responses contributes to the pathogenesis of this disease. Germacrone is a major bioactive component isolated from Rhizoma Curcuma with multiple bioactivities including anti-inflammation. However, the role and mechanism of germacrone in RA are still unknown. Collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) model was established in male DBA/1 J mice by two immunizations with chicken collagen II. Germacrone was orally administered once per day starting on the day of second immunization for 3 weeks. Arthritis scoring was evaluated every 3 days after second immunization. H&E staining was used for histopathological examination. Levels of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interferon (IFN)-γ and interleukin (IL)-4 in serum and synovial tissues of mice were detected by ELISA. Th1 and Th2 cell percentage in mouse spleens was analyzed by flow cytometry. IκB and phosphorylation of NF-κB p65 (p-p65) expression in mouse synovial tissues was assayed by Western blot. We found germacrone treatment significantly reduced arthritis score and inflammation in CIA mice. Levels of TNF-α and IFN-γ were elevated, and IL-4 reduced, in the serum and synovial tissues of CIA mice. Germacrone partially reversed levels of these cytokines. Moreover, germacrone decreased the ratio of Th1 to Th2 cells in mouse spleens. Additionally, germacrone remarkably enhanced IκB expression, but suppressed p-p65 level in CIA mice. Taken together, these results suggest that germacrone alleviated the progression of arthritis that might be related to the regulation of Th1/Th2 balance and inactivation of NF-κB pathway.

13.
Endocr J ; 66(10): 859-870, 2019 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31270279

RESUMO

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) represents an endocrine disorder, which is closely related with gut microbiota. Inulin, a kind of probiotics, has been proven to alleviate gut microbiota dysbiosis. Metformin, a biguanide agent, shows beneficial effects on chronic metabolic diseases. Our objective was to assess the effects and associated mechanisms of inulin and metforin on attenuation of PCOS in mice. Mice were divided into 4 groups: control group (CON), model group (MOD), inulin group (INU), metformin group (MET). The last three groups were fed 6 mg of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) per 100 g body weight and 60% high-fat diet to generate mice model. After 21 days of intervention, mice were euthanized and associated indications were investigated. Body weight (BW) and testosterone (T) levels were significantly decreased, but estradiol (E2) levels were increased in INU or MET group, respectively. Ovary HE staining demonstrated that inulin or metformin ameliorated PCOS morphology. Inflammatory indicators from plasma and ovary including TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-17A were decreased in INU or MET group. Moreover, IL-10 in ovary of INU or MET group was increased. Sequencing and analysis of gut microbiota showed that compared to MOD group, Bifidobacterium was increased, but Proteobacteria, Helicobacter and Parasutterella were decreased in INU group. Helicobacter was decreased in MET group. Correlation analysis showed that gut microbiota was correlated with inflammatory factors. Our results revealed that inulin and metformin alleviated PCOS via anti-inflammation and modulating gut microbiota, which may contribute to potential clinical therapy for the disease.

14.
Neurologist ; 24(4): 111-114, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31246719

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the impact of observer's experience on reliability of etiological classification systems in patients with ischemic stroke. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed medical records of 80 patients with ischemic stroke in hospitals from August 2016 to March 2017 consecutively. Patients were classified by 4 observers with different clinical experiences and backgrounds (A, B, C, and D) according to the Trial of ORG 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment (TOAST), Stop Stroke Study TOAST (SSS-TOAST), and ASCOD (A-atherosclerosis, S-small vessel disease, C-cardiac pathology, O-other cause, and D-dissection). The intraobserver reliability was assessed based on the initial and a second delayed assessment after 3 months, and the interobserver reliability of different pairs (A-B and C-D) and overall (A, B, C, and D) were compared based on the initial classification. RESULTS: The reliability values of the 3 classification systems were improved with observer's experience increasing, particularly in the TOAST system, in which the intraobserver reliability values of observers A, B, C, and D were 0.62, 0.73, 0.80, and 0.88, respectively, and slight differences were observed between the SSS-TOAST and ASCOD systems. The A-B pair had lower interobserver reliability value than the C-D pair, particularly in TOAST system with reliability values of 0.36 and 0.74, respectively, and a slight variation of interobserver reliability values were noted in the SSS-TOAST and ASCOD system. CONCLUSIONS: Observer's experience may affect the reliability of etiological classification systems in patients with ischemic stroke.

15.
Int J Med Microbiol ; 309(3-4): 225-231, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31054808

RESUMO

Brucella species are the causative agents of brucellosis, a worldwide zoonotic disease that affects a broad range of mammals and causes great economic losses. Small regulatory RNAs (sRNAs) are post-transcriptional regulatory molecules that participate in the stress adaptation and pathogenesis of Brucella. In this study, we characterized the role of a novel sRNA, BSR1141, in the intracellular survival and virulence of Brucella melitensis. The results show that BSR1141 was highly induced during host infections and under in vitro stress situations that simulated the conditions encountered within host phagocytes. In addition, a BSR1141 mutant showed reduced survival both under in vitro stress conditions and in mice, confirming the role of BSR1141 in Brucella intracellular survival. Bioinformatic and experimental approaches revealed that BSR1141 affects the expression of many target genes, including the Brucella virulence component virB2. These data indicate that BSR1141 could influence the expression of virB2, which is important for B. melitensis pathogenesis and intracellular survival. This work provides new insight into the mechanism of adaptation to environmental stress and into the pathogenesis of intracellular pathogens.


Assuntos
Brucella melitensis/fisiologia , Brucella melitensis/patogenicidade , Pequeno RNA não Traduzido/metabolismo , Fatores de Virulência/genética , Animais , Brucella melitensis/genética , Brucelose/microbiologia , Feminino , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Macrófagos/microbiologia , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Viabilidade Microbiana , Mutação , RNA Bacteriano/genética , RNA Bacteriano/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Pequeno RNA não Traduzido/genética , Baço/microbiologia , Estresse Fisiológico , Virulência/genética
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31058104

RESUMO

Streptococcus zooepidemicus is an important opportunistic pathogen of several species including humans. This organism is also well-known as the main producing strain in industrial production of hyaluronic acid (HA), which is the component of its capsule polysaccharide. How its virulence and capsule polysaccharide production is regulated remains poorly understood. Intercellular chemical signaling among bacteria provides communities of microbes the opportunity to coordinate gene expression to facilitate group behavior, such as pathogenicity, capsule polysaccharide production, etc. Yet no conserved cell-to-cell signaling system has been elucidated in S. zooepidemicus. Encoded within the genome of S. zooepidemicus is one Rgg regulator encoding gene (rgg) with low similarity to both rgg2 and rgg3 from Streptococcus pyogenes. A small ORF (named as shp) encoding a novel short hydrophobic peptide (SHP) was found in the vicinity of rgg. We found that the active form of pheromone is short and hydrophobic (LLLLKLA), corresponding to the C terminal 7 amino acids of the pre-peptide Shp, which shows divergent sequence to all peptide pheromones reported in streptococci. In response to active SHP, Rgg functions as a transcriptional activator to induce the expression of shp, forming a positive feedback circuit. Bacteria social behaviors, such as capsule polysaccharide production and biofilm formation, were significantly affected when the rgg-shp pathway was inactivated. These data provide the first demonstration that Rgg/Shp signaling pathway comprises an active quorum sensing system in S. zooepidemicus.

17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(18): e15498, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31045836

RESUMO

To perform a comprehensive analysis focusing on the biological functions and interactions of Kashin-Beck disease (KBD)-related genes to provide information towards understanding the pathogenesis of KBD.A retrospective, integrated bioinformatics analysis was designed and conducted. First, by reviewing the literature deposited in PubMed, we identified 922 genes genetically associated with KBD. Then, biological function and network analyses were conducted with Cytoscape software. Moreover, KBD specific molecular network analysis was conducted by Cytocluster using the Molecular Complex Detection Algorithm (MCODE).The biological function enrichment analysis suggested that collagen catabolic process, protein activation cascade, cellular response to growth factor stimulus, skeletal system development, and extrinsic apoptosis played important roles in KBD development. The apoptosis pathway, NF-kappa B signaling pathway, and the glutathione metabolism pathway were significantly enriched in the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway network, suggesting that these pathways may play key roles in KBD occurrence and development. MCODE clusters showed that in top 3 clusters, 54 of KBD-related genes were included in the network and 110 candidate genes were discovered might be potentially related to KBD.The 110 candidate genes discovered in the current study may be related to the development of KBD. The expression changes of apoptosis and oxidative stress-related genes might serve as biomarkers for early diagnosis and treatment of KBD.


Assuntos
Apoptose/genética , Redes Reguladoras de Genes/genética , Doença de Kashin-Bek/genética , Estresse Oxidativo/genética , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Biologia Computacional , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 196: 111502, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31129511

RESUMO

The present report showed the green synthesis of Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) using Mulberry leaf extract via an environment friendly approach and investigated to know the probable ameliorative effect via biochemical assessment on retinopathy of rats that are maternally subjected to Al intoxication and diabetes. Mulberry leaf extract biomolecules act as capping and reducing agent for fabrication of AgNPs. Later, the fabricated AgNPs were characterized by using spectroscopic and microscopic instrumental techniques such as HR-TEM, UV-Vis, XRD and FT-IR. EDS, XRD and TEM have confirmed the synthesis of AgNPs. HRTEM results exhibited that the formed AgNPs are polydispersed and spherical in nature with mean particle size of 35 nm. Microscopic observation of retina in Al-intoxicated and diabetic mother rats showed abnormal changes in retinal cell layers. Yet, the retina of rats that are maternally received AgNPs plus diabetes or Al-intoxicated exhibited noticeable amelioration. However, lower ameliorations were found in rat's retina that are maternally undergone for combined exposure. Additionally, biochemical assessment revealed that the application of AgNPs caused the amelioration of the changes in Al concentration and maternal serum glucose. The present study revealed that AgNPs are active against diabetic and Aluminium-persuaded developmental retinopathy.


Assuntos
Alumínio/toxicidade , Ouro/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Morus/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Alumínio/análise , Alumínio/química , Animais , Glicemia/análise , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/induzido quimicamente , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/patologia , Retinopatia Diabética/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Química Verde , Masculino , Exposição Materna , Nanopartículas Metálicas/uso terapêutico , Morus/metabolismo , Assistência Perinatal , Folhas de Planta/química , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Ratos , Prata/química
19.
Gastroenterol Nurs ; 42(2): 169-178, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30946304

RESUMO

Healthcare professionals responsible for patients with gastrointestinal diseases need a particular level of nursing knowledge and abilities to ensure excellent care. This study aims to propose a set of core competencies for the gastroenterology nursing specialists (GNS) in China. This research integrates quantitative and qualitative research methods. Literature review, semistructured interview, and the Delphi approach were used to develop the core competency items of GNS in China. SPSS 16.0 was used to analyze the data. Finally, 28 of 30 experts participated in the study resulting in a consensual list containing 7 domains (clinical nursing practice, communication and collaboration, education and counseling, critical thinking, leadership, ethical and legal practice, and professional development), 23 aspects, and 66 competencies required for GNS. The authority coefficient (Cr) of the consensus was 0.77, and the Kendall (W) value of each level of competencies all scored above 0.5. Results of the study can serve as a foundation of work performance evaluation for GNS as well as promote nurses' professional development.


Assuntos
Competência Clínica , Gastroenterologia/educação , Enfermeiras Especialistas/educação , Inquéritos e Questionários , China , Consenso , Currículo , Técnica Delfos , Humanos , Pesquisa Qualitativa
20.
Chemistry ; 25(37): 8754-8759, 2019 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30931540

RESUMO

The weakly coordinating cluster [CB11 H12 ]- is used as a versatile building block for the preparation of luminescent copper(I) complexes. Treatment of [CB11 H11 -12-C≡CH]- with CuI and ammonia affords {(CB11 H11 -12-C≡C)2 Cu4 (NH3 )3 }n (2). Addition of selected phosphine and pyridine ligands transforms 2 to a range of homometallic products 3-13. All compounds have been characterized by X-ray crystallography, which reveals a surprising variety of structural complexity featuring cores with two to ten Cu+ centers. In the solid state, products 3-13 exhibit room-temperature phosphorescence across the visible spectrum in colors from blue to deep red. Lifetimes at room temperature are in the microsecond regime, and quantum yields of up to Φ=0.99 are observed.

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