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1.
Clin Cancer Res ; 2021 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34446541

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Having emerged as a noninvasive and clinically applicable approach for molecular determination of lung cancer, a genomic overview of circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) of large-scale cohort may be helpful in novel biomarker development and therapeutic innovation. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Primary cohort encompasses 5,671 blood samples from 4,892 patients with lung cancer. Pair-wise tissue samples from 579 patients and additional 358 sample pairs were collected to evaluate the correlation between blood and tissue tumor mutational burden (TMB). Parallel sequencing with plasma/tissue and white blood cells was performed using a 1,021-gene panel. RESULTS: Histologic subtyping was the most relevant to ctDNA detectability independent of other demographic characteristics, with small cell lung cancer showing the highest detectability, ctDNA abundance, and blood TMB (bTMB). Mutational landscape demonstrated significant differences, and integrated clonality analysis highlighted distinct driver-pattern and functional pathway interaction among various subtypes. The clonality and concurrent genes of EGFR mutations could predict the therapeutic efficacy of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI), and RB1 mutations in non-small cell lung cancer characterized a subset with high bTMB, elevated ctDNA level, and potential small cell transformation. Most importantly, we developed an adjusted algorithm for bTMB in samples with extremely low ctDNA level and validated its correlation with tissue TMB in an independent cohort. CONCLUSIONS: ctDNA could serve as a promising alternative in genomic profiling for lung cancer. The novel identification of ctDNA clonality and adjusted bTMB might improve therapeutic and prognostic evaluation. This dataset was also a valuable resource for the development of new therapeutic targets and new genomically guided clinical trials.

2.
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci ; 62(10): 21, 2021 08 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34410298

RESUMO

Purpose: To characterize the visual pathway integrity of five glaucoma animal models using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). Methods: Two experimentally induced and three genetically determined models of glaucoma were evaluated. For inducible models, chronic IOP elevation was achieved via intracameral injection of microbeads or laser photocoagulation of the trabecular meshwork in adult rodent eyes. For genetic models, the DBA/2J mouse model of pigmentary glaucoma, the LTBP2 mutant feline model of congenital glaucoma, and the transgenic TBK1 mouse model of normotensive glaucoma were compared with their respective genetically matched healthy controls. DTI parameters, including fractional anisotropy, axial diffusivity, and radial diffusivity, were evaluated along the optic nerve and optic tract. Results: Significantly elevated IOP relative to controls was observed in each animal model except for the transgenic TBK1 mice. Significantly lower fractional anisotropy and higher radial diffusivity were observed along the visual pathways of the microbead- and laser-induced rodent models, the DBA/2J mice, and the LTBP2-mutant cats compared with their respective healthy controls. The DBA/2J mice also exhibited lower axial diffusivity, which was not observed in the other models examined. No apparent DTI change was observed in the transgenic TBK1 mice compared with controls. Conclusions: Chronic IOP elevation was accompanied by decreased fractional anisotropy and increased radial diffusivity along the optic nerve or optic tract, suggestive of disrupted microstructural integrity in both inducible and genetic glaucoma animal models. The effects on axial diffusivity differed between models, indicating that this DTI metric may represent different aspects of pathological changes over time and with severity.


Assuntos
Imagem de Tensor de Difusão/métodos , Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto/diagnóstico , Substância Cinzenta/patologia , Pressão Intraocular/fisiologia , Nervo Óptico/patologia , Vias Visuais/patologia , Animais , Anisotropia , Gatos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto/fisiopatologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos DBA , Fibras Nervosas/patologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
3.
Zhongguo Yi Liao Qi Xie Za Zhi ; 45(4): 442-445, 2021 Jul 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34363375

RESUMO

The square waves and pulses with obvious porter characteristics are inserted into each different adjacent existing dynamic electrocardiogram data to solve the time-consuming problem in the currently used manual input verification method. The standard database files are converted into analog siginals, then output automatically to the ECG acquisition device according to the sequence of the database files in one time. The data recorded in the acquisition equipment is separated according to the interval data protocol, so as to achieve the purpose of rapid digital examination of dynamic electrocardiogram.


Assuntos
Eletrocardiografia , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos
4.
Clin Cancer Res ; 2021 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34376536

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Programmed cell death receptor-1 (PD-1) inhibitors are frontline therapy in advanced melanoma. Severe immune-related adverse effects (irAEs) often require immunosuppressive treatment with glucocorticoids (GCCs), but GCC use and its correlation with patient survival outcomes during anti-PD-1 monotherapy remains unclear. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: In this multicenter retrospective analysis, patients treated with anti-PD-1 monotherapy between 2009 and 2019 and detailed GCC use, data were identified from five independent cohorts, with median follow-up time of 206 weeks. IrAEs were tracked from the initiation of anti-PD-1 until disease progression, initiation of a new therapy, or last follow-up. Correlations between irAEs, GCC use, and survival outcomes were analyzed. RESULTS: Of the entire cohort of 947 patients, 509 (54%) developed irAEs. In the MGH cohort [irAE(+) n = 90], early-onset irAE (within 8 weeks of anti-PD-1 initiation) with high-dose GCC use (≥60-mg prednisone equivalent once a day) was independently associated with poorer post-irAE PFS/OS (progression-free survival/overall survival) [post-irAE PFS: HR, 5.37; 95% confidence interval (CI), 2.10-13.70; P < 0.001; post-irAE OS: HR, 5.95; 95% CI, 2.20-16.09; P < 0.001] compared with irAEs without early high-dose GCC use. These findings were validated in the combined validation cohort [irAE(+) n = 419, post-irAE PFS: HR, 1.69; 95% CI, 1.04-2.76; P = 0.04; post-irAE OS: HR, 1.97; 95% CI, 1.15-3.39; P = 0.01]. Similar findings were also observed in the 26-week landmark analysis for post-irAE-PFS but not for post-irAE-OS. A sensitivity analysis using accumulated GCC exposure as the measurement achieved similar results. CONCLUSIONS: Early high-dose GCC use was associated with poorer PFS and OS after irAE onset. Judicious use of GCC early during anti-PD-1 monotherapy should be considered. Further prospective randomized control clinical trials designed to explore alternative irAE management options are warranted.

5.
Reprod Biol Endocrinol ; 19(1): 125, 2021 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34388994

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Among recurrent implantation failure (RIF) patients, the rate of successful implantation remains relatively low due to the complex etiology of the condition, including maternal, embryo and immune factors. Effective treatments are urgently needed to improve the outcomes of embryo transfer for RIF patients. In recent years, many researchers have focused on immunotherapy using granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) to regulate the immune environment. However, the study of the G-CSF for RIF patients has reached conflicting conclusions. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to further explore the effects of G-CSF according to embryo transfer cycle (fresh or frozen) and administration route (subcutaneous injection or intrauterine infusion) among RIF patients. METHOD: The PubMed, Embase and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) databases were searched for literature published from the initial to October 2020. The meta-analysis, random-effects model and heterogeneity of the studies with I2 index were analyzed. Stata 15 was used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: A total of 684 studies were obtained through the databases mentioned above. Nine RCTs included 976 RIF patients were enrolled in this meta-analysis. Subgroup analysis indicated that G-CSF improved the clinical pregnancy rate for both the fresh and frozen embryo transfer cycles (fresh RR: 1.74, 95% CI: 1.27-2.37, I2 = 0.0%, n = 410; frozen RR: 1.44, 95% CI: 1.14-1.81, I2 = 0.0.%, n = 366), and for both subcutaneous injection and intrauterine infusion (subcutaneous RR: 1.73, 95% CI: 1.33-2.23, I2 = 0.0%, n = 497; intrauterine RR: 1.39, 95% CI: 1.09-1.78, I2 = 0.0%, n = 479), but the biochemical pregnancy rate of the RIF group was also higher than that of the control group (RR: 1.85, 95% CI: 1.28-2.68; I2 = 20.1%, n = 469). There were no significant differences in the miscarriage rate (RR: 1.13, 95% CI: 0.25-5.21: I2 = 63.2%, n = 472) and live birth rate (RR: 1.43, 95% CI: 0.86-2.36; I2 = 52.5%; n = 372) when a random-effects model was employed. CONCLUSION: The administration of G-CSF via either subcutaneous injection or intrauterine infusion and during both the fresh and frozen embryo transfer cycles for RIF patients can improve the clinical pregnancy rate. However, whether G-CSF is effective in improving livebirth rates of RIF patients is still uncertain, continued research on the utilization and effectiveness of G-CSF is recommended before G-CSF can be considered mainstream treatment for RIF patients.

6.
J Diabetes Investig ; 2021 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34460997

RESUMO

Maternally inherited diabetes and deafness is a rare genetic disease mainly caused by a point mutation in mitochondrial deoxyribonucleic acid. Lipoprotein lipase gene mutations are associated with familial dyslipidemias, which are difficult to manage. We reported for the first time a case that had both maternally inherited diabetes and severe hyperlipidemia caused by lipoprotein lipase gene mutation (C.347(exon3)G>C) that was resistant to fenofibrate and atorvastatin. We were able to manage the patient's hyperlipidemia with bezafibrate, and her diabetes was well controlled with insulin. In conclusion, genetic testing is helpful in identifying rare and interesting cases when clinicians suspect inheritable diseases. Additionally, when one fibrate drug is ineffective in treating hyperlipidemia, it might be worthwhile trying another fibrate.

7.
Stem Cell Res ; 55: 102452, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34247112

RESUMO

The SCN1A gene encodes the voltage-gated Na+ channel alpha subunit Nav1.1 and is the most clinically relevant epilepsy gene. Variants in SCN1A result in a broad phenotypic spectrum of epilepsy syndromes, from mild genetic epilepsy with febrile seizures plus to severe Dravet syndrome (DS). Here, we generated a SCN1A-knockout human iPSC line via CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing. The resulting iPSCs had a normal karyotype, were free of genomically integrated epitomal plasmids, expressed pluripotency markers, and maintained trilineage differentiation potential.

8.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 49(13): 7389-7405, 2021 07 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34181735

RESUMO

A major stress response influenced by microRNAs (miRNAs) is senescence, a state of indefinite growth arrest triggered by sublethal cell damage. Here, through bioinformatic analysis and experimental validation, we identified miR-340-5p as a novel miRNA that foments cellular senescence. miR-340-5p was highly abundant in diverse senescence models, and miR-340-5p overexpression in proliferating cells rendered them senescent. Among the target mRNAs, miR-340-5p prominently reduced the levels of LBR mRNA, encoding lamin B receptor (LBR). Loss of LBR by ectopic overexpression of miR-340-5p derepressed heterochromatin in lamina-associated domains, promoting the expression of DNA repetitive elements characteristic of senescence. Importantly, overexpressing miR-340-5p enhanced cellular sensitivity to senolytic compounds, while antagonization of miR-340-5p reduced senescent cell markers and engendered resistance to senolytic-induced cell death. We propose that miR-340-5p can be exploited for removing senescent cells to restore tissue homeostasis and mitigate damage by senescent cells in pathologies of human aging.


Assuntos
Senescência Celular/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Receptores Citoplasmáticos e Nucleares/genética , Linhagem Celular , Proliferação de Células , Células Cultivadas , Senescência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Heterocromatina , Humanos , Receptores Citoplasmáticos e Nucleares/metabolismo
9.
Cell Reprogram ; 23(3): 158-167, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33956517

RESUMO

Past researches have shown that pluripotency maintenance of naive and primed-state pluripotent stem cells (PSCs) depends on different signaling pathways, and naive-state PSCs possess the ability to produce chimeras when they are introduced into a blastocyst. Considering porcine is an attractive model for preclinical studies, many researches about pig induced pluripotent stem cells (piPSCs) have been reported. Some cytokines and small molecule compounds could transform primed piPSCs into naive state. However, there are no suitable culture conditions for generation of naive-state piPSCs with high efficiency; other small molecule compounds need further exploration. In this study, we investigated whether p38 MAPK and JNK signal pathway inhibitor SB203580 and SP600125 could be of benefit for acquiring naive-state piPSCs. By comparing reprogramming efficiencies under conditions of different donor cells and culture environment, we found that porcine bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (PBMSCs) have higher efficiency on piPSC induction, and the culture condition of CHIR99021+PD0325901(2i)+Lif+bFGF is more suitable for subculturing of piPSCs. Our results also indicate that SB203580 and SP600125 could promote reprogramming of PBMSCs into naive-like state piPSCs. These results provide guidance for choosing donor cells, culture conditions, and research of different state iPSCs during the process of reprogramming pig somatic cells.

10.
J Int Med Res ; 49(5): 3000605211016197, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34038196

RESUMO

Cryptococcus neoformans is an environmental fungal pathogen that causes opportunistic infections and severe disseminated meningoencephalitis, mainly in immunocompromised patients such as those with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). In this study, the clinical characteristics, treatment protocols, and outcomes of 70 patients with AIDS and Cryptococcus neoformans infection at Beijing Ditan Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. We performed antimicrobial sensitivity tests and multilocus sequence typing (MLST) on C. neoformans isolates from these patients. The most common symptoms were headache (58.6%), fever (54.3%), and high cerebrospinal fluid pressure (≥200 mm H2O) (71.4%). All patients were positive for C. neoformans antigen in blood or cerebrospinal fluid. The CD4 cell counts of 92.8% (65/70) of patients were <100 cells/µL. In total, 74 C. neoformans isolates were obtained from the 70 patients. The 65 isolates that could be typed fell into 12 sequence types (STs) by MLST: ST5, ST31, ST63, ST202, ST237, ST289, ST295, ST296, ST298, ST324, ST337, and ST359. ST5 was the major type, accounting for 78.5% of isolates (51/65). This study comprehensively assessed the clinical and molecular epidemiology of C. neoformans in patients with AIDS and may inform the development of targeted prevention and treatment strategies for immunocompromised patients with C. neoformans infection.


Assuntos
Criptococose , Cryptococcus neoformans , Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Antifúngicos/uso terapêutico , Pequim/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Criptococose/diagnóstico , Criptococose/tratamento farmacológico , Criptococose/epidemiologia , Cryptococcus neoformans/genética , Genótipo , HIV , Humanos , Tipagem de Sequências Multilocus , Técnicas de Tipagem Micológica , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
Neurotherapeutics ; 18(2): 1339-1359, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33846961

RESUMO

Glaucoma is a neurodegenerative disease that causes progressive, irreversible vision loss. Currently, intraocular pressure (IOP) is the only modifiable risk factor for glaucoma. However, glaucomatous degeneration may continue despite adequate IOP control. Therefore, there exists a need for treatment that protects the visual system, independent of IOP. This study sought, first, to longitudinally examine the neurobehavioral effects of different magnitudes and durations of IOP elevation using multi-parametric magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), optokinetics and histology; and, second, to evaluate the effects of oral citicoline treatment as a neurotherapeutic in experimental glaucoma. Eighty-two adult Long Evans rats were divided into six groups: acute (mild or severe) IOP elevation, chronic (citicoline-treated or untreated) IOP elevation, and sham (acute or chronic) controls. We found that increasing magnitudes and durations of IOP elevation differentially altered structural and functional brain connectivity and visuomotor behavior, as indicated by decreases in fractional anisotropy in diffusion tensor MRI, magnetization transfer ratios in magnetization transfer MRI, T1-weighted MRI enhancement of anterograde manganese transport, resting-state functional connectivity, visual acuity, and neurofilament and myelin staining along the visual pathway. Furthermore, 3 weeks of oral citicoline treatment in the setting of chronic IOP elevation significantly reduced visual brain integrity loss and visual acuity decline without altering IOP. Such effects sustained after treatment was discontinued for another 3 weeks. These results not only illuminate the close interplay between eye, brain, and behavior in glaucomatous neurodegeneration, but also support a role for citicoline in protecting neural tissues and visual function in glaucoma beyond IOP control.

12.
J Immunother Cancer ; 9(2)2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33632901

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although the Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer (SITC) Immunotherapy Resistance Taskforce recently defined primary and secondary resistance to anti-programmed cell death protein 1 (anti-PD-1) therapy, there is lack of real-world data regarding differences in these resistance subtypes with respect to radiological dynamics and clinical manifestations. METHODS: We performed single-blind re-evaluations of radiological images by independent radiologists on a retrospectively assembled cohort of patients with advanced melanoma (n=254, median follow-up 31 months) receiving anti-PD-1 monotherapy at Massachusetts General Hospital and Peking University Cancer Hospital. Radiological characteristics and timing at multiple crucial time points were analyzed and correlated with each other and with survival. Primary and secondary resistance was defined as per the SITC Immunotherapy Resistance Taskforce definitions. RESULTS: The most significant target lesion measurement change took place within the first 3 months after anti-PD-1 initiation. Patients with stable disease with versus without tumor shrinkage at the initial evaluation exhibited distinct disease trajectory, as the rate of further upgrade to a partial or complete remission (CR/PR) was 44% and 0%, respectively. Eleven per cent of PR patients ultimately achieved a CR. In multivariate analyses, deeper response depth was independently associated with a more limited progression pattern, fewer involved organs, lower tumor burden, slower growth rate at disease progression (PD) (all p≤0.001), and longer post-progression survival (PPS) (bivariate analysis, p=0.005). Compared with primary resistance, secondary resistance was associated with less widespread PD pattern, lower tumor burden and slower tumor growth (all p≤0.001). Patients with secondary resistance were less likely to receive further systemic therapy (28% vs 57%, p<0.001) yet had significantly better PPS (HR 0.503, 95% CI 0.288 to 0.879, p=0.02). CONCLUSIONS: Radiological dynamics were variable, yet significantly correlated with survival outcomes. SITC-defined primary and secondary resistance are distinct clinical manifestations in patients with melanoma, suggesting the possibility of resistance-type-based therapeutic decision-making and clinical trial design, once further validated by future prospective studies.

13.
Meat Sci ; 175: 108449, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33550158

RESUMO

In this study, gas chromatography coupled to an ion mobility spectrometry (GC-IMS) was used for analyzing some volatile components and flavor fingerprint in samples from Jingyuan lambs of different ages (2, 6, and 12 months). The data obtained from ion mobility were processed using laboratory analysis view processing software for fingerprint recognition, and the principal component analysis (PCA) was performed. GC-IMS provided information on the characteristics and strength of 66 volatile flavor compounds (monomers and dimers). The differences in flavoring substances between lambs of different ages were observed. The compounds with higher intensity peaks in the lamb meat samples were alcohols (1-octen-3-ol, ethanol, (E)-2-hexen-1-ol, 1-pentanol, and 2-propanol), ketones (2-pentanone, 2-heptanone, 3-hydroxy-2-butanone, 2-hexanone, 2-butanone, 2-propanone, and 4-methyl-2-pentanone), aldehydes (n-nonanal, octanal, heptanal, 3-methylbutanal, hexanal, pentanal, 2-methylbutanal, (E)-2-octenal, (E)-2-nonenal, methional, and phenylacetaldehyde), esters (methyl benzoate), furan (2-pentylfuran), and thiazole (trimethylthiazole). The results showed that the flavor fingerprint in samples from Jingyuan lambs of different ages (2, 6, and 12 months) can be established by GC-IMS and PCA based on the identified volatile compounds. This method might be used for the rapid and comprehensive analysis of volatile components in lamb meat.


Assuntos
Carne Vermelha/análise , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/análise , Fatores Etários , Animais , Cromatografia Gasosa , Feminino , Espectrometria de Mobilidade Iônica , Músculo Esquelético/química , Ovinos
14.
Bioengineered ; 12(1): 627-639, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33570445

RESUMO

We aimed to study the role of LINC00997 in the metastasis of colorectal cancer (CRC). LINC00997 and miR-512-3p expression in the primary colorectal cancer (NCRC) tissues and metastatic colorectal cancer (MCRC) tissues were detected using RT-qPCR. The Cancer Genome Atlas database was used to evaluate LINC00997 levels in the NCRC and MCRC tissues, and the correlations of LINC00997 expression with distant metastasis (M), regional lymph node metastasis (N), age and tumor stage were analyzed. Subsequently, RT-qPCR was performed to determine the expression of metastasis-related genes in MCRC tissues and analyze the correlation of LINC00997 or miR-512-3p level with the protein expression of metastasis-related genes. In vitro, LINC00997 expression in several CRC cell lines was examined. After LINC00997 silencing, cell invasion and migration were evaluated with Transwell and wound healing assays, respectively. The expression of metastasis- and EMT-related proteins was measured. Additionally, the potential interaction between LINC00997 and miR-512-3p was verified using a luciferase reporter assay. Rescue assays were conducted to clarify the regulatory effects of LINC00997 and miR-512-3p on CRC development. Results revealed that LINC00997 was frequently overexpressed in MCRC tissues, which was positively related to the tumor metastasis and stage. Additionally, LINC00997 was significantly elevated in CRC cells and LINC00997 silencing inhibited the invasion, migration and EMT of CRC cells, which was restored by miR-512-3p inhibitor. Luciferase reporter assay confirmed that LINC00997 could target miR-512-3p. In conclusion, LINC00997 regulated the metastasis of CRC by targeting miR-512-3p, providing some insights into the regulatory mechanism of CRC.

15.
Clin Chem Lab Med ; 59(6): 1127-1132, 2021 May 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33554549

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) and glycated albumin (GA) are glycemic control status indicators in patients with diabetes mellitus. Hemoglobin H (HbH) disease is a moderately severe form of α-thalassemia. Here we examine the usefulness of HbA1c and GA in monitoring glycemic control in patients with HbH disease. METHODS: HbA1c, GA, and an oral glucose tolerance test were performed in 85 patients with HbH disease and 130 healthy adults. HbA1c was measured using five methods, including two systems based on cation-exchange high-performance liquid chromatography (Variant II Turbo 2.0 and Bio-Rad D100), a capillary zone electrophoresis method (Capillarys 3 TERA), a boronate affinity HPLC method (Premier Hb9210), and an immunoassay (Cobas c501). RESULTS: Significant lower levels of HbA1c were observed in patients with HbH disease than in healthy adults. In contrast, GA showed no statistically significant differences between participants with and without HbH disease. A considerable number of diabetic patients with HbH disease would be missed if using HbA1c as a diagnostic criterion for diabetes mellitus. CONCLUSIONS: GA but not HbA1c is suitable for monitoring glycemic control in patients with HbH disease that can modify the discriminative ability of HbA1c for diagnosing diabetes.

16.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 49(3): 1631-1646, 2021 02 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33444453

RESUMO

Mammalian circRNAs can influence different cellular processes by interacting with proteins and other nucleic acids. Here, we used ribonucleoprotein immunoprecipitation (RIP) analysis to identify systematically the circRNAs associated with the cancer-related protein AUF1. Among the circRNAs interacting with AUF1 in HeLa (human cervical carcinoma) cells, we focused on hsa_circ_0032434 (circPCNX), an abundant target of AUF1. Overexpression of circPCNX specifically interfered with the binding of AUF1 to p21 (CDKN1A) mRNA, thereby promoting p21 mRNA stability and elevating the production of p21, a major inhibitor of cell proliferation. Conversely, silencing circPCNX increased AUF1 binding to p21 mRNA, reducing p21 production and promoting cell division. Importantly, eliminating the AUF1-binding region of circPCNX abrogated the rise in p21 levels and rescued proliferation. Therefore, we propose that the interaction of circPCNX with AUF1 selectively prevents AUF1 binding to p21 mRNA, leading to enhanced p21 mRNA stability and p21 protein production, thereby suppressing cell growth.


Assuntos
Proliferação de Células/genética , Inibidor de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina p21/genética , Ribonucleoproteína Nuclear Heterogênea D0/metabolismo , RNA Circular/metabolismo , Regiões 3' não Traduzidas , Sítios de Ligação , Inibidor de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina p21/biossíntese , Inibidor de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina p21/metabolismo , Células HeLa , Humanos , RNA Circular/química , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33481661

RESUMO

Background: Knowledge about the prognostic role of long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) in colorectal cancer (CRC) is limited. Therefore, we constructed a lncRNA-related prognostic model based on data from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). Materials and Methods: CRC transcriptome and clinical data were downloaded from the GSE20916 dataset and the TCGA database, respectively. R software was used for data processing and analysis. The differential lncRNA expression within the two datasets was first screened, and then intersections were measured. Cox regression and the Kaplan-Meier method were used to evaluate the effects of various factors on prognosis. The area under the curve (AUC) of the receiver operating characteristic curve and a nomogram based on multivariate Cox analysis were used to estimate the prognostic value of the lncRNA-related model. Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analyses were applied to elucidate the significantly involved biological functions and pathways. Results: A total of 11 lncRNAs were crossed. The univariate Cox analysis screened out two lncRNAs, which were analyzed in the multivariate Cox analysis. A nomogram based on the two lncRNAs and other clinicopathological risk factors was constructed. The AUC of the nomogram was 0.56 at 3 years and 0.71 at 5 years. The 3-year nomogram model was compared with the ideal model, which showed that some indices of the 3-year model were consistent with the ideal model, suggesting that our model was highly accurate. The GO and KEGG enrichment analyses showed that positive regulation of secretion by cells, positive regulation of secretion, positive regulation of exocytosis, endocytosis, and the calcium signaling pathway were differentially enriched in the two-lncRNA-associated phenotype. Conclusions: A two-lncRNA prognostic model of CRC was constructed by bioinformatics analysis. The model had moderate prediction accuracy, LncRNA BBOX1-AS1 and lncRNA FOXP4-AS1 were identified as prognostic biomarkers.

18.
Retina ; 41(6): 1265-1274, 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33136976

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To explore the pathological features and clinical significance of three types of neovascularization elsewhere (NVE) in proliferative diabetic retinopathy. METHODS: Neovascularization elsewhere was classified based on the origins and morphologic features using fluorescein angiography and angiographic and structural optical coherence tomography. The topographical distribution, vitreoretinal interface, and responsiveness to panretinal photocoagulation were compared among three types of NVE. RESULTS: One hundred and twenty-seven NVEs were classified into three types. Type 1 NVE was concentrated along or adjacent to vascular arcades; Type 2 was distributed more peripherally than were Types 1 and 3 NVE. The arch bridge-like vitreoretinal interface accounted for 79% of Type 1 NVE. The flat and flat-forward vitreoretinal interface accounted for 95% and 100% in Type 2 and Type 3 NVE, respectively. At 3 months after panretinal photocoagulation, the regression rates for Types 1, 2, and 3 NVE were 82%, 100%, and 80%, respectively. Type 2 NVE showed best regression rate after panretinal photocoagulation (both P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: Three types of NVE determine the distinctly topographical distributions, vitreoretinal interface features, and differential responsiveness to panretinal photocoagulation treatment. This new concept may have important clinical implications in assessing the treatment and prognosis of proliferative diabetic retinopathy.

19.
Bioprocess Biosyst Eng ; 44(5): 995-1002, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33159544

RESUMO

To study the difference in transcriptome level of fatty acid metabolism pathway in Bamei pork and the difference of pork quality caused by the difference. In this study, Bamei pigs breeding in Huzhu farm of QingHai province were selected as the test object, compared with Gansu Black pigs. Four indexes of nutmeg acid (DX1), palmitic acid (DX2), stearic acid (DX3) and linoleic acid (DX4) were set. The expression profiles of fat metabolism related genes between the two groups samples were analysed by GCMS metabolomics and transcriptomics, then coexpression network analysis were conducted to obtain phenotypic related genes. The results showed that the metabolic levels of DX3 and DX4 were significantly higher than those of other fatty acids. Among these differences, the ENSSSCG00000024681 (G1) and ENSSSCG00000036883 (G2) genes play important regulatory roles in fatty acid metabolism, and the upregulated expression of their gene obviously affects the level of fatty acid metabolism, thereby affecting the quality and taste of pork. In addition, we found that there was a good correlation between the same lines, and the genetic traits of the hybrid lines of Bamei pig and Black pig are more inclined to Bamei pig. In the independent fatty acid metabolism, "Mg2+"and flavin adenine dinucleotide are more active, which plays an important role in energy utilization. Therefore, we can be inferred that the metabolism of stearic acid and linoleic acid are important fatty acids for pork quality. It also further confirms that the research method of combined omics is of great significance for the study of species traits and gene functions.

20.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 48(22): 12943-12956, 2020 12 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33270893

RESUMO

Long noncoding (lnc)RNAs potently regulate gene expression programs in physiology and disease. Here, we describe a key function for lncRNA OIP5-AS1 in myogenesis, the process whereby myoblasts differentiate into myotubes during muscle development and muscle regeneration after injury. In human myoblasts, OIP5-AS1 levels increased robustly early in myogenesis, and its loss attenuated myogenic differentiation and potently reduced the levels of the myogenic transcription factor MEF2C. This effect relied upon the partial complementarity of OIP5-AS1 with MEF2C mRNA and the presence of HuR, an RNA-binding protein (RBP) with affinity for both transcripts. Remarkably, HuR binding to MEF2C mRNA, which stabilized MEF2C mRNA and increased MEF2C abundance, was lost after OIP5-AS1 silencing, suggesting that OIP5-AS1 might serve as a scaffold to enhance HuR binding to MEF2C mRNA, in turn increasing MEF2C production. These results highlight a mechanism whereby a lncRNA promotes myogenesis by enhancing the interaction of an RBP and a myogenic mRNA.


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento Muscular/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Regeneração/genética , Diferenciação Celular/genética , Linhagem Celular , Proliferação de Células/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento/genética , Humanos , Fatores de Transcrição MEF2/genética , Mioblastos/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/genética , Transdução de Sinais/genética
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